FIRE CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES

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					 FIRE CODE
   OF THE
PHILIPPINES
 khristinedc@yahoo.com
       PART 1
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE 1185
      “FIRE CODE”
     DEFINITION OF TERMS
ABATEMENT
- Remove/neutralize fire hazard
ADMINISTRATOR
- Agent of the owner; manages the building
BLASTING AGENT
- Fuel + Oxidizer used to set off explosives
CELLULOSE NITRATE/NITRO CELLULOSE
- Highly combustible/explosive cmpd. (nitric aid + cellulose)
CELLULOSE NITRATE PLASTIC (PYROXYLIN)
- Any plastic substance with cellulose nitate
COMBUSTIBLE, FLAMMABLE OR INFLAMMABLE
- Materials easily set on fire
COMBUSTIBLE FIBER
- Free burning fiber (cotton, oakum, hay, straw, etc.)
COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID
- Liquid w/ flash pt. ^37.8 deg.C (100deg.F)
CORROSIVE LIQUID
- Liquid w/c causes fire when in contact w/ organic matter/chemicals
CURTAIN BOARD
- Vertical panel of non-combustible/fire-resistive materials attached
   and extending below the bottom chord of roof trusses; divide the
   underside of the roof to several compartments so that heat and
   smoke will be directed upwards to a roof vent.
CRYOGENIC
- Any material w/c produces rapid drop of temperature to its
   immediate surroundings.
DAMPER
- Device installed inside an airduct w/c automatically closes to restrict
   smoke or fire.
DISTILLATION
- Raising temperature, cooling & condensing to produce a nearly
   purified substance
DUCT SYSTEM
- Continuous passageway for transmission of air
DUST
- Finely powdered substance when mixed w/ air and ignited will cause
   explosion.
ELECTRICAL ARC
- Extremely hot, luminous bridge formed by the passage of electric
   current across a space between 2 conductors due to the
   incandescence of the conducting vapor.
EMBER
- Hot piece or lump partially burned, still oxidizing w/o the
   manifestation of flames.
FINISHES
- Final coasting of a surface (ornamental or protective)
FIRE
- Active principle of burning
FIRE TRAP
- Building unsafe in case of fire
FIRE ALARM
- Visual/audible signal, device or system; warn the occupants or fire
   fighting elements of presence/danger of fire.
FIRE DOOR
- Fire resistive door
FIRE HAZARD
- condition/act which increase probability of fire; delay/hinder/interfere
   fire fighting, safeguarding of life & property.
FIRE LANE
- Portion of road/publicway kept opened/unobstructed for fire fighting
   units.
FIRE PROTECTIVE & FIRE SAFETY DEVICE
- Built-in protection system (sprinklers, automatic extinguishing system,
   heat/smoke detectors, warning system)
- Personal protective equipment (fire blankets, helmets, fire suits, gloves)
FIRE SAFETY CONSTRUCTIONS
- Design & installation of walls, barriers, windows, vents, means of egress;
   treatment of building components with flame retardant chemicals; to
   minimize danger of fire and safe evacuation of people.
FLASH POINT
- Minimum temperature a material gives off vapor to form ignition.
FORGING
- Metal is heated prior to changing shape/dimension
FULMINATE
- Stable explosive compund; explodes by percussion
HAZARDOUS OPERATIONS/PROCESS
- manufacturing, fabrication, conversion w/c uses/produces materials
   that cause fires or explosions.
HORIZONTAL EXIT
- Passageway from one building to another or through or around the
   wall in approximately same floor level.
HOSE BOX
- Box/cabinet where fire hoses, valves and other equipment ware
   stored.
HOSE REEL
- Cylindrical device where fire hose is wound and connected
HYPERGOLIC FUEL
- Rocket or liquid propellant
INDUSTRIAL BAKING & DRYING
- Industrial process of heating materials to remove solvents/moisture,
   and fuse certain salts to form uniform glazing on the surface of
   treated materials.
 JUMPER
- Piece of metal or conductor used to bypass a safety in an electrical
   system
OCCUPANCY
- Intended use/purpose of a building
OCCUPANT
-Any person occupying/using a building (or portions) by virtue of
   lease contract/permission with the owner/administrator
ORGANIC PEROXIDE
- Strong oxidizing organic compound w/c causes fire when in contact
   w/ combustible material under condition of high temperature.
OVERLOADING
- Use of electrical appliances/devices beyond the designed capacity of
    existing electrical system.
OWNER
- Person who holds the legal right of possession or title to a
    building/property.
OXIDIZING MATERIAL
- Yields oxygen; stimulates/supports combustion.
PRESSURIZED/FORCED DRAFT BURNING EQUIPMENT
- Type of burner where pressurized fuel is discharged to combustion
    chamber which includes fans for introduction of air.
PUBLIC ASSEMBLY BUILDING
- building/structure; 50 or more people congregate/gather/assemble
PUBLIC WAY
- street, alley, strip of land unobstructed from ground to sky intended for
    public use
PYROPHORIC
- Ignites spontaneously when exposed to air
REFINING
-partial distillation & electrolysis; removing impurities/deleterious
   materials from mixture
SELF-CLOSING DOORS
- Automatic closing doors; confines smoke & heat; delays spread of fire.
SMELTING
- Melting/fusing metal ores; separate impurities from pure metals.
SPRINKLER SYSTEM
- Integrated network of hydraulically designed piping with outlets w/c
   automatically discharges water when activated by heat.
STANDPIPE SYSTEM
- Vertical pipes to which firehoses can be attached on each floor; includes
   system where water is made available to outlets as needed.
VESTIBULE
- Passage hall/antechamber between outlet doors and interior parts of
   building
VERTICAL SHAFT
- Vertical space/passage extending from floor to floor, base to top of the
   building
SEC 5. GRACE PERIOD = 2       YEARS
(Compliance with Fire Safety Constructions, Protective
and Warning Systems as Prescribed by the Director
General)
SEC 6. RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE ENFORCEMENT OF
                      THE CODE
FIRE SERVICE >DIRECTOR GENERAL of the
                 Integrated National Police
a.   Implements Regulations
b.   Reorganize Fire Service
c.   Negotiates
d.   Enter into MOA w/ other departments, offices,
     corporations, agencies & private institutions
      PART 2
IMPLEMENTING RULES &
    REGULATIONS
GENERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENT
 FOR BUILDING, STRUCTURE OR
          FACILITY

     FIRE SUPPRESSION DEVICES,
      EQUIPMENT OR SYSTEMS
     FIRE SAFETY CONSTRUCTION
     FIRE PROTECTION AND
      WARNING SYSTEM
                DEFINITIONS
AIRCRAFTS SERVICE STATION
- That portion of an airport were flammable liquids are
   stored or dispensed
AUTOMATIC FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM
- Integrated system of underground or overhead piping
   connected to extinguishing agent actuated by automatic
   detecting device to suppress fire.
BOILING POINT
- Temperature at which liquid is transformed to vapor
CHIEF OF THE LOCAL FIRE SERVICE
- Official duly designated to head the local Fire Service (in
   cities or municipalities, the Station Commander of the
   Integrated National Police)
CLASS A FIRE
- Combustible materials (wood, cloth, paper, rubber &
   plastics)
CLASS B FIRE
- Flammable liquids and gases
CLASS C FIRE
- Electrical
CLASS D FIRE
- Combustible metals (magnesium, sodium, potassium, etc.)
COMBINATION STANDPIPE
- Pipeline system filled with water and connected to a
   constant water supply for the use of Fire Service and
   occupants of the building solely for suppression purposes.
COMBUSTIBLE FIBER LOOSE HOUSE
- Isolated structure where loose fibers are stored.
DIP TANK
- Tank, vat, container of flammable/combustible liquid in which
   articles or materials are immersed for the purpose of coating,
   finishing, treating, or similr processes.
DRY STANDPIPE
- pipes not filled with water; water is introduced thru Fire Service
   connections
EXPLOSIVE MAGAZINE
- Building, structure or facilities used for the storage of explosives,
   shells, projectile and ammunition.
FIRE ALERTING SYSTEM
- Fire alarm system transmitted to designated locations instead of
   sounding a general alarm to prevent panic.
FIRE PROTECTIVE ASSEMBLY
- An assembly incorporated in a structure designed to prevent the
   spread of fire (dampers, curtain board, fire stoppers)
FIRE RESISTANCE RATING
- Time duration a material can withstand the effect of hundred fire
   test
FIRE WALL
- A wall designed to prevent the spread of fire w/ fire resistance rating
   of not less than 4 hours and structurally stable.
FLAME SPREAD RATING
- Time w/c flame will spread over the surface of a burning material.
 FLAME RETARDANT
- Compound/mixture w/c improves fire resistant quality of fabrics
   and other materials.
HAZARDOUS FIRE AREA
- Land covered with dry grass, cogon, reeds, brush and other highly
   combustible growth that fires are likely to occur and hard to
   suppress.
HIGHRISE BUILDING
- Buildings, structures, facilities 15 meters or more in height.
MEANS OF EGRESS
- Continuous unobstructed route of exit from any point in a building,
   structure or facility to a public way.
OCCUPANT LOAD
- Maximum number of persons that may occupy a building, structure
   or facility or portions thereof.
ORGANIC COATING
- Liquid mixture of binders (alkyd, acrylic…) w/c when spread on
   surface becomes protective and decorative finish.
PANIC HARDWARE
- Mechanical device consisting of linkages and a horizontal bar across a
   door, which when pushed from the inside will cause the door to
   open and facilitate exit from a building, structure or facility.
PICKING ROOMS
- Rooms where baled, bundled or piled materials are segregated into
   desired sizes or groups.
PLENUM
- Air compartment or chamber w/ one or more ducts are connected to
   form part of an air distribution system.
SMOKE DEVELOPED RATING
- density and volume of smoke developed within a certain period of
   time.
CLASSIFICATION
      OF
  OCCUPANCY
              A. ASSEMBLY
   Theaters                 Dance Halls
   Assembly Halls           Club Rooms
   Auditorium               Skating Rink
   Exhibition Halls         Gymnasium
   Museum
   Restaurants              Bowling Facilities
    Churches                Pool Rooms
   Terminals of Air         Armories
   Surface Underground      Passenger Stations
   Recreation Piers         Marine Public
   Court Rooms               Transportation Facilities
   Conference Rooms
                             Mortuary Chapels
B. EDUCATIONAL
      Schools
      Universities
      Colleges
      Academies
      Nursery Schools
      Kindergartens
      Child Day Care Facilities
C. INSTITUTIONAL
       Hospitals
       Nursing Homes
       Nurseries
       Homes for the Aged
       Mental Care Institutions
       Penal Institutions
       Reformatories
       Jails
D. RESIDENTIAL
   One- & Two-Family Dwellings
   Hotels
   Motels
   Pension House
   Inns
   Apartments
   Dormitories
   Orphanages
   Lodging or Rooming Houses
E. MERCANTILE
     Stores
     Markets
     Supermarkets
     Department Stores
     Shopping Centers
     Drugstore
     Auction Rooms
                F. BUSINESS
   Office for Lawyers, Doctors, Dentists and other
    Professionals
   General Offices
   City or Town Halls
   Court Houses
   Libraries
            G. INDUSTRIAL
   Factories of all kinds      Gas Plants
   Laboratories                Refineries
   Dry Cleaning Plants         Sawmills
   Power Plants                Laundries
   Pumping Stations            Creameries
   Smokehouses
H. STORAGE
    Warehouses
    Cold Storages
    Freight Terminals
    Truck and Marine Terminals
    Bulk Oil Storage
    Parking Garages
    Hangars
    Grain Elevators
    Harns
    Stables
I. MIXED OCCUPANCIES
   2 OR MORE CLASSES OF
    OCCUPANCY IN ONE BUILDING
  J. MISCELLANEOUS
CANNOT BE CLASSIFFIED IN ANY OF
THE PRECEDING OCCUPANCY
GROUPS
     Towers

     Piersand Water-Surrounded Structure
     Vehicle & Vessels

     Underground Structures and Windowless
              Buildings
    DEGREE OF HAZARD
- probability that a building, structure or
         facility may catch fire

            LOW ………….. 1
            MEDIUM …….. 2
            HIGH ………… 3
            VERY HIGH … 4
DEGREE OF HAZARD DEPENDS
UPON THE FOLLOWING FACTORS :
1.   Construction Materials
2.   Combustibility of Contents
3.   Type of Occupancy
4.   Load Capacity or Number of Occupants
5.   Height from the Ground Level
6.   Longest Horizontal Travel Distance
7.   Fire Safety Construction
 FIRE SAFETY IN
   BUILDINGS,
STRUCTURES AND
   FACILITIES
MEANS OF EGRESS
PROTECTIVE ENCLOSURE OF
         EXITS
3 STORIES OR LESS – 1 HOUR FIRE
               RESISTANCE RATING
4 STORIES OR MORE – 2 HOUR FIRE
               RESISTANCE RATING
1. TRAVEL DISTANCE TO EXITS
   INDIVIDUAL ROOM (Not more than 6 Occupants) –
      MAX. 15M from any point of the room to
                   exit door.
2. WIDTH OF ANY WAY OF EXIT ACCESS
            - MIN. 71 cm
3. NO DEAD-ENDS IN EXCESS OF 6M
4. SINGLE DOOR WIDTH - MIN. 71 cm
        (Fire Exit)           - MAX. 122 cm
   PANIC HARDWARE
            Width = MIN. 2/3 of the door width
            Height = MIN. 76mm
                     = MAX. 112mm
5. HEADROOM (Ceiling Height) = MIN. 2.30M
                      RAMPS
                       CLASS A          CLASS B
                      (100 Persons)     (60 Persons)
1.Width                 112 cm & greater   76-112 cm
                        (Outside Ramps = MIN.120 cm)
2. Slope                     8-10%           10-17%
3. Maximum height
  between landings           No Limit        3.66M
4. Capacity in persons (modified)
       Down                     60           45
       Up                       45           45
                   INTERIOR STAIRS
                                                 CLASS A CLASS B
1.  Minimum width clear of all                     112cm    112cm ; 91cm
     obstruction except handrails w/c                       where total
     may project MAX. 89mm each side                        occupancy of
     & stringers may project MAX.                           all floors served
                                                            by stairway is less
     38mm each side. ----------------------                 than 50 persons.
2. Maximum height of risers --------------         19cm        20cm
3. Minimum width of tread exclusive of
     nosing or projection -----------------        25cm        23cm
4. Winders------------------------------------     None        None
5. Minimum Headroom -------------------             2M          2M
6. Maximum height between landings --              2.75M      3.70M
7. Minimum dimension of landings in
     direction of travel ---------------------     112 mm     112mm
8. Doors opening immediately on stairs              NO           NO
     without landing (width) --------------
TREADS, RISERS & HANDRAILS
   2R + T = 60cm to 63.5cm
   Min. No. of Risers in 1 Flight = 3
   Treads width variation = max. 5mm
   Tread less than 25cm --- 25mm Nosing
   Handrails     - Height = 76cm to 86.5cm
                  - Setback (from the edge) = 25mm
    (NOTE: Stairways more than 223mm width shall have
    immediate handrails.)
   Vertical Balusters (spacing) = max. 15.25cm apart
   Longitudinal Rails (top and bottom) = max. 25.5mm

				
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