Mark Twain Satire Mark Twain Born Samuel Langhorne Clemens in Missouri, 1835 When he was four, moved within the state to Hannibal, MO a Mississippi River town Became the setting of Tom Sawyer! Father died when Mark/Sam was 12 Worked for a newspaper his older brother started to help support family Mark Twain At 18 he left and worked as a printer in various towns Loved steamboats and became a steamboat pilot’s apprentice “Mark twain” was yelled on the boat when the water’s depth was 12 ft or 2 fathoms Became his pen name Mark Twain During the Civil War, was a soldier with a company of Confederate irregulars Left quickly to become a gold prospector in Nevada Discovered his storytelling ability Worked as a journalist and became a published writer Mark Twain Married Olivia Langdon in 1870 Next year, moved to Hartford, CT and built an enormous house Published Roughing It (experience from West) Life on the Mississippi - days about a riverboat pilot Mark Twain The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) Caused a revolution in American lit using Huck’s slang Mark Twain Lost a lot of money during the economic panic of 1893 Eldest daughter (Susy) died of meningitis (1896) Wife died in 1904 Youngest daughter (Jean) died during an epileptic seizure in 1909 He passed away 4 months later Satire The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people’s stupidity or vices Satire Exaggeration - to enlarge or increase something so it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen Caricature Political cartoons Satire Parody - imitate the style of a person, place, or thing in order to ridicule the original http://www.youtube.com/wa tch?v=eXVIwo5fLYs&featur e=related SNL Satire is EVERYWHERE “The Colbert YouTube Report” “Shrek” The Onion “A Modest “Scary Movie” Proposal” “South Park” Weird Al “The Yankovic Simpsons” Irony • Use of words to convey an opposite meaning of the literal one • Verbal Irony – difference between what is said and what is meant “The Lowest Animal” • Twain satirizes human nature by comparing humans to animals. Ends up proving that humans are the “lower” animals because of our actions. “The Lowest Animal” What’s the point of the essay? What are some types of human behavior Twain uses as examples to show we are inferior? Is he completely valid in his claims? “The Lowest • Animal” Why do you think Twain used humor? • Were you able to pick up on any irony? • How does he explain the animals actions while living without religion?
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