Mughal Empire - PowerPoint by 06h053z8

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									 Mughal Empire

Mughal= awesomeness
           Three Adjectives
 Militaristic( One of the three Islamic
  gunpowder empires).
 Architectural(best example is the Taj
  Mahal)
 Open minded (Religious tolerance
  especially during Akbar the Great’s time).
   Compendium of the empire
 (look up what compendium means).
 The Mughal rule began when Babur from
  Central Asia ended a couple of Indian
  dynasties, most importantly the Delhi
  Sultanate.
       Compendium continued
 Until the early 1700’s
  the Mughal’s were a
  power to be feared.
 The zenith of the
  empire was during the
  rule of Akbar the Great
  and the ebbing of the
  empire began after the
  death of the religiously
  intolerant Aurangzeb .
                  continued
 Huge problem with
  rulers after
  Aurangzeb since the
  heirs to be were
  locked up in harems
  and began enjoying
  the good life instead
  of studying to
  become ruler, so the
  emperors became
  very incompetent
                 Political
 A small Muslim minority ruling over a huge
  hindu majority.
 Sharia(as everyone knows the Islamic law)
  was the law of the Mughals.
 creation of a road
  system and a uniform   Economic
  currency, along with the
  unification of the country
  led to a prosperous
  economy
 Spices and textiles were
  wanted by the
  Europeans and
  Chinese, so these were
  resplendent
  commodities traded by
  the Indians.
 Manufactured goods
  and peasant-grown cash
  crops were sold
  throughout the world.
              Eco continued
 The mughals were
  huge maritime
  traders and they
  allowed the British
  and other
  Europeans to build
  ports in places like
  Calicut.
                Religious
.
 Islam became a major religion albeit most of
  the pop was still Hindu.
 Sikhism became a major religion as well. It
  was a syncretism of Islam and Hinduism;
  however it got persecuted a lot.
                Relgious
 Sikhs got persecuted and they had huge
  problems with Hindus and Muslims.
 Akbar invented a new religion so that
  everyone would become one. Alas, his
  efforts were a debacle.
                  Social
 Lots of lower caste Hindus and Buddhists
  who got treated bad by the Hindu aristocrats
  converted to Islam because they liked the
  equality message of it.
                     Social
 The bulk of the people
  were poor and
  Europeans were
  surprised by the
  poverty because from
  the outside it looked
  like the Mughals lived
  with high opulence.
              Intellectual
 Islamic observational techniques and
  instruments were combined with Hindu
  computational techniques for the use of
  astronomy
 Invented autocannon(coud shoot multiple
  shots at once).
                   Intellectual
 One of the most
  remarkable feats was
  the invention of the
  seamless and celestial
  globe. This is
  important to metallurgy
  as even modern day
  scientist thought this to
  be impossible.
                     Artistic
 The Mughals were huge patron of the arts.
 Taj Mahal- greatest example, it was a combination
  of persian, indian , and muslim arcitectual devices.
 Red Fort- Shah Jahan created this at Delhi
                  continued
 Peacock Throne-
  showed the opulence
  of the Mughal
  emperors. It was later
  lost in the ensuing
  chaos of 1747 when a
  mughal emperor was
  assasinated.
               Imp people
 Babur- founder of the dynasty
 Humayun- son of Babur, briefly lost control
  of the dynasty but regained control
                     Imp people
 Akbar- Historians regard him
  as the most important ruler
  because he tried to unify the
  everyone culturally by trying
  to end relgious differences.
 He abolished the jizya and
  banned sati although sati
  continued after his death. He
  improved Women rights a lot.
  He often intermarried, most
  significantly to a rajput
  princess, to ameliorate
  tensions between religious
  sects.
               Imp people
 Jahingir- son of Akbar. Not a very good
  ruler, his wife had amassed a lot of power.
  He was a patron of the arts.
                 Imp people
 Shah Jahan- He built
  the Taj Mahal to honor
  his wife Mumtaz.
  Mumtaz also had
  amassed a lot of
  power. Like his father
  Jahinger, Shah Jahan
  was not a good ruler,
  but he was a patron of
  the arts.
                  Imp people
 Aurgangzeb- He is the last big Mughal ruler. He
  was relgiously intolerant, and he reinstated the
  jizya tax. He also expanded the Mughal empire a
  lot but after his death no one was able to maintain
  it. His rule is considered to be bad because he
  brought about a lot of relgious tensions. After his
  death the empire went into a deep decline,
  until…(spoiler alert), the british came and the rest
  as they say is history.
                Imp Vocab
 Jizya- the tax on non-muslims
 Sharia- Islamic law
 Din il lahi- the faith which was a syncretism
  of many relgions created by Akbar. It did not
  gain much momentum
 Sati- the burning of a widow along with her
  deceased husband
               Imp Vocab
 Urdu- the language spoken by the Mughals
  was heavily influenced by hindi, persian,
  and arabic.
 Dhow- arab sailing vessel

								
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