cloverleaf storyboard2 by 8P6711R

VIEWS: 22 PAGES: 49

									1.1 NJ HIGHWAY TRAFFIC – day                                 MUSIC begins. It is upbeat and modern
                                                             with a steady rhythm.
                                                                              NARRATOR
                                                             Every day, hundreds of thousands of
                                                             motorists take to New Jersey’s
                                                             highways. They enter and exit, merge
                                                             and weave at speeds and in numbers
                                                             unheard of a few decades ago. Even so,
                                                             just about everyone gets where they’re
                                                             going – safely, quickly and efficiently.
                                                             That’s by design – not luck. Many of the
                                                             state highways New Jersey drivers
We pass a sign reading, “Welcome to New Jersey.” The sign    speed along today were first envisioned
is followed by a fast-paced sequence of shots featuring NJ
highway traffic and various highway signs displaying         nearly a hundred years ago. Since the
destinations and route numbers.                              early nineteen hundreds, creative and
The montage serves to locate us in New Jersey with images    far-thinking highway engineers have
from the Delaware Memorial Bridge to the George
Washington Bridge, the Meadowlands and the Holland           crafted innovative solutions to the
Tunnel.                                                      Garden State’s unique traffic
                                                             challenges. They’ve always kept an eye
                                                             on the future, anticipating drivers’
                                                             needs and planning roads to meet
                                                             them. As a result, New Jersey has been
                                                             home to quite a number of highway
                                                             transportation innovations.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                    The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 1.
1.2 NJ HIGHWAY TRAFFIC – day                                                   NARRATOR
                                                              For nearly seventy-five years, one of
                                                              New Jersey’s most famous highway
                                                              innovations could be found in
                                                              Woodbridge, at the intersections of U.S.
                                                              Routes One and Nine and New Jersey
                                                              Route Thirty-five.




We SEE signs for Woodbridge, Routes 1&9 and Route 35.Old
Route 4
The montage of images begins to focus in on Woodbridge and
the Woodbridge Cloverleaf: Rahway, Linden, Elizabeth, Perth
Amboy, Shore Points, and finally, Woodbridge.



1.3 NJ HIGHWAY TRAFFIC – day                                                   NARRATOR
                                                              It was the very first cloverleaf
                                                              interchange built in the United States,
                                                              an engineering marvel that came to be
                                                              known as the Woodbridge cloverleaf.




We SEE an aerial view of the cloverleaf.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                     The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 2.
1.4 NJ HIGHWAY TRAFFIC – day                                                         NARRATOR
                                                                    In the next few minutes, you’ll learn the
                                                                    cloverleaf’s story and find out why it
                                                                    holds such a special place in highway
                                                                    transportation history.

                                                                    MUSIC ends.




As the music level rises, the shot of the cloverleaf freezes.
The video fades away, leaving a line drawing in the shape of
the cloverleaf (a blueprint). After a beat, the title of the show
appears. The music ends.



2.1. ANIMATION, ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                             We HEAR popular 1900s period music.
                                                                                     NARRATOR
                                                                    Up until about nineteen oh five, most
                                                                    people wanting to get from point A to
                                                                    point B in New Jersey – or anywhere
                                                                    else in the U.S. for that matter – had
                                                                    several options. They could walk –




We SEE archival stills or film of very early maps, followed by
1900s pedestrians. A stylized map of NJ, emblazoned with the
year “1905,” fills a lower corner of the screen. After a few
seconds, the map dissolves out.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                           The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 3.
3.1 ANIMATION, ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                  NARRATOR
                                                       They could bicycle –




Montage continues: We SEE 1900s bicycle riders.



4.1 ANIMATION, ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                  NARRATOR
                                                       Or they could harness horsepower –
                                                       the four-legged variety.




Montage continues: We SEE a 1900s horse and wagon or
horse and buggy.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                              The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 4.
5.1 ANIMATION, ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                      NARRATOR
                                                          Most of the roads they walked, pedaled
                                                          or cantered on were made of dirt, gravel
                                                          or macadam. Only two percent of the
                                                          state’s roads were paved. These
                                                          surfaces were okay for leather shoes,
                                                          horse’s hooves and steel wagon wheels
                                                          –




Montage continues: We see various 1900s roads.



6.1 ANIMATION, ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                      NARRATOR
                                                          But they would quickly prove
                                                          unsuitable for a new form of
                                                          transportation.

                                                          We HEAR the car’s engine backfire and its
                                                          horn blow: aooooogah!

                                                          The 1900s music ends.




Montage continues: An early 1900s flivver bumps along a
road.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                  The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 5.
7.1 INTERVIEW                                                                    INTERVIEW
                                                               An NJDOT spokesperson or historian
                                                               describes the initial demands placed on
                                                               roads by bicyclists and farmers, and later
                                                               by the automobile. Notes that these types
                                                               of issues came to the forefront earliest in
                                                               NJ because of population density. Also
                                                               notes the 1897 legislation wherein NJ
                                                               became the first state to dedicate funds to
                                                               highway maintenance: “administrative
                                                               innovation”, “ahead of the curve”, “set the
                                                               stage for later innovation.




8.1. ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                   We HEAR a different selection of 1900s
                                                               period music.




We SEE a road filled with early 1900s traffic.
A stylized map of NJ, emblazoned with the year “1906,” fills
a lower corner of the screen. After a few seconds, the map
dissolves out.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                       The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 6.
9.1 ANIMATED GRAPH                                                             NARRATOR
                                                              In nineteen oh six, thirteen thousand,
                                                              seven hundred fifty-nine horseless
                                                              carriages were bouncing along New
                                                              Jersey roadways.




Over the 1906 traffic shots we SEE an animated graph
labeled “Registered NJ Vehicles.” The graph demonstrates
the sharp increase in registered vehicles by 1906 from
almost nothing a few years earlier


10.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                                   NARRATOR
                                                              Three years later, mass production
                                                              revolutionized the auto industry. More
                                                              and more Model Ts rolled off the Ford
                                                              assembly line and onto New Jersey’s
                                                              roads. The tin lizzy was here to stay,
                                                              and with it came the need for improved
                                                              driving surfaces.




Model Ts roll off the Ford assembly line. The NJ map
emblazoned with the year “1909” fills a lower corner of the
screen, then dissolves out.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                     The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 7.
11.1 NJ STATE HIGHWAY COMMISSION LOGO                            NARRATOR
                                                New Jersey’s legislators responded to
                                                this need. In nineteen oh nine they
                                                created a State Highway Commission.
                                                For the first time, New Jersey had an
                                                official body dedicated to bettering the
                                                state’s road and traffic conditions.




We push in to the logo – it fills the screen.


12.1 INTERVIEW                                                   INTERVIEW
                                                A NJDOT spokesperson describes the
                                                State Highway Commission, how they
                                                dealt with the transportation challenges
                                                in New Jersey.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                       The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 8.
13.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                                      NARRATOR
                                                               By nineteen seventeen, New Jersey’s
                                                               roads were smoother and sturdier than
                                                               ever before. The problem was, there
                                                               just weren’t enough of them to handle
                                                               all the traffic.




1917 era vehicles motor along improved roads. The NJ map
emblazoned with the year “1917” fills a lower corner of the
screen, then dissolves out.

14.1 ANIMATED GRAPH                                                               NARRATOR
                                                               One hundred thirty-four thousand, nine
                                                               hundred sixty-four vehicles were now
                                                               registered in the state – nearly ten
                                                               times the nineteen oh six total. Clearly,
                                                               more roads were needed to
                                                               accommodate this growing legion of
                                                               drivers. The state’s geography– being
                                                               located directly between the urban
                                                               hubs of New York City and Philadelphia
                                                               – plus state’s increasingly dense
                                                               population and thriving manufacturing
Over the 1917 traffic shots we SEE an animated graph labeled   base virtually ensured the levels of
“Registered NJ Vehicles.” The graph demonstrates the growth
in registered vehicles from 1906 to 1917.                      traffic which would continually
We see population growth indicated on the map in the           challenge the ingenuity of traffic
background.                                                    engineers over the decades. New
                                                               Jersey’s highway commissioners
                                                               would rise to the challenge.



 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                       The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 9.
15.1 NEW JERSEY STATE HIGHWAY DEPT. LOGO                                         NARRATOR
                                                                In nineteen seventeen the State
                                                                Highway Commission became the New
                                                                Jersey State Highway Department.




We push in to the logo – it fills the screen.


16.1 ANIMATION                                                                   NARRATOR
                                                                Later that year, the department released
                                                                plans for New Jersey’s first unified
                                                                highway system. Sixteen new routes
                                                                would make up the network.




A stylized map of New Jersey, labeled “NJ State Highway
System – 1917,” fills the screen. As the narrator speaks, the
state routes build onto the map. As they build on, a counter
displays the number of routes, stopping at “16.”




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                      The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 10.
17.1 INTERVIEW                                                                    INTERVIEW
                                                                 A NJDOT spokesperson describes what
                                                                 the unified highway system was and why it
                                                                 was an important step in NJ transportation
                                                                 history.




18.1 ANIMATION                                                                    NARRATOR
                                                                 The highway system grew to meet
                                                                 traffic demand. In nineteen twenty-three
                                                                 the New Jersey legislature added four
                                                                 new routes.




A stylized map of New Jersey, labeled “NJ State Highway
System – 1923,” fills the screen. It displays the 1917 routes.
As the narrator speaks, four additional routes build onto the
map. The counter registers the new routes, stopping at “20.”




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                       The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 11.
19.1 ANIMATION                                                                     NARRATOR
                                                                  In nineteen twenty-seven the legislature
                                                                  approved even more, bringing the total
                                                                  number of routes to forty-two. New
                                                                  Jersey’s highway system allowed
                                                                  drivers to roam throughout the state;
                                                                  from east to west, north to south and all
                                                                  points in-between.

                                                                  The 1900s period music ends, and is
                                                                  followed by a –



The map label changes to “NJ State Highway System –
1927.” As the narrator speaks, twenty-two additional routes
build onto the map. The counter registers the new routes,
stopping at “42.”


20.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO
                                                                  – CRASH!


                                                                                   NARRATOR
                                                                  Of course, more cars moving at greater
                                                                  speeds increased the risk of accidents.
                                                                  Especially at intersections.




We SEE and HEAR a series of 1920s fender benders,
preferably at intersections. The NJ map emblazoned with the
year “1920s” fills a lower corner of the screen, then dissolves
out.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                        The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 12.
21.1 ANIMATION                                                                   NARRATOR
                                                                At the time, most intersections were
                                                                “at-grade.” This meant each roadway,
                                                                or leg, was at the same ground level.
                                                                Movement through an intersection
                                                                could be a very stop-and-go affair.




We SEE a ground-level view of a four leg, at-grade
intersection. Animation shows light-volume traffic moving
easily through the intersection on both roadways. Traffic
volume increases a bit and we see cars on one roadway
moving, while traffic on the other roadway waits. A title,
“Typical at-grade intersection,” appears at the bottom of the
screen.

23.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                                     NARRATOR
                                                                Traffic engineers used traffic controls,
                                                                including traffic regulations describing
                                                                how drivers needed to behave –

                                                                Along with signs –

                                                                Signals –

                                                                And police to guide that behavior.




1920s traffic zips by the camera. An inset shows a 1920s
driver’s manual. Superimposed on the bottom of the screen
are the words, “Traffic Controls.” The words stay on screen.
We SEE a 1920s “stop” or “yield” sign. A 1920s traffic light.
The lights change. A 1920s cop directs traffic.



 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                      The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 13.
27.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                              NARRATOR
                                                         Engineers also incorporated safety
                                                         features into the roads themselves.
                                                         These built-in controls included islands
                                                         –




A 1920s highway island. The text changes to, “Built-in
Controls.”


28.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                              NARRATOR
                                                         And divisional strips that forced traffic
                                                         to move in a prescribed way.




A 1920s divisional strip.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                               The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 14.
29.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                                     NARRATOR
                                                                But even with these controls,




Conflicting streams of turning traffic move through the four-
leg intersection.


22.1 ANIMATION                                                                   NARRATOR
                                                                the combinations of crossing and
                                                                turning traffic meant there was any
                                                                number of ways for drivers to get into
                                                                trouble.




Our viewpoint changes. We now have a bird’s-eye view of the
intersection and `the traffic moving through it.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                      The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 15.
22.2 ANIMATION                                                We HEAR 1920s football music.


                                                              A “play by play” and “color” announcer
                                                              describes accident scenarios within the
                                                              intersection as if they were football plays.




The moving streams of traffic disappear.
Lines “drawn” on the intersection illustrate the action.
As the football music ends. we’re left with an intersection
filled with conflicting lines of movement.


30.1 INTERVIEW                                                                  INTERVIEW
                                                              A NJDOT spokesperson says the goal for
                                                              highway designers was to develop built-in
                                                              features allowing traffic to move
                                                              continuously through an intersection. One
                                                              method first applied to highways in the
                                                              1920s was grade separation.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                     The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 16.
31.1 ANIMATION                                                                    NARRATOR
                                                                 Adding grade separation to an
                                                                 intersection –




We return to the at-grade view of the intersection. Traffic on
one roadway is stopped.


32.1 ANIMATION                                                                    NARRATOR
                                                                 allows roadways to pass over and
                                                                 under one another. This eliminates
                                                                 bottlenecks, but creates challenges for
                                                                 drivers who want to change roads.




One roadway rises above the other to form a grade-separated
intersection. Traffic on both roadways flows smoothly.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                       The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 17.
33.1 INTERVIEW                                                        INTERVIEW
                                                    A NJDOT spokesperson says that grade
                                                    separated intersections are great at
                                                    keeping traffic moving where you don’t
                                                    need to turn onto the other road.




33.2 ANIMATION.                                                      NARRATOR
                                                    But another kind of at-grade
                                                    intersection, the rotary, permitted a
                                                    continuous flow of traffic and allowed
                                                    traffic to change roads, while
                                                    eliminating left turns, the cause of most
                                                    of the trouble.




We see the final diagram from the “play-by play”.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                          The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 18.
36.1 ANIMATION                                                                   NARRATOR
                                                                In a rotary, the roadways feed into a
                                                                circular intersection around a central
                                                                island. Traffic enters and leaves the
                                                                rotary by making right turns. The rotary
                                                                permits continuous movement and
                                                                reduces the risks of high speed, head-
                                                                on and right angle collisions.




The legs of the intersection break apart at the center of the
intersection then form a circle. We see a “play-by-play”
diagram of the traffic flow in a circle.


34.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                                     NARRATOR
                                                                Rotary intersections got their start in
                                                                the United States in nineteen oh five,




We SEE a traffic circle, circa 1905. A NJ map, bearing the
year “1905,” appears in the lower corner of the screen, then
dissolves away.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                      The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 19.
37.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                                    NARRATOR
                                                               For nearly twenty years, traffic circles
                                                               had been applied to small suburban
                                                               intersections only.




We SEE a series of small, suburban traffic circles.


37.2 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                                    NARRATOR
                                                               That changed in nineteen twenty-five,
                                                               when New Jersey pioneered the use of
                                                               rotaries in U.S. highway intersections.
                                                               The Airport Circle near Camden would
                                                               be the first of many large rotaries built
                                                               in the state and throughout the country.




We SEE the Airport Circle near Camden, New Jersey. A NJ
map, bearing the year “1925,” appears in the lower corner of
the screen, then dissolves away. The title, “Airport Circle,
Camden,” appears on the bottom of the screen.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                     The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 20.
38.1 INTERVIEW                                                            INTERVIEW
                                                        A NJDOT spokesperson describes the
                                                        significance of the Airport Circle.




39.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                              NARRATOR
                                                        But circles had their drawbacks. The
                                                        faster the traffic, the larger the rotary
                                                        needed to be – and the more land it
                                                        would take. Circles weren’t practical
                                                        options for urban areas with busy
                                                        roadways and high land costs. And
                                                        drivers are frequently perplexed since
                                                        there are no consistent “rules of the
                                                        road” for circles. But they were an
                                                        important steppingstone to another
                                                        kind of intersection.
We SEE 1920s traffic moving through highway rotaries.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                               The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 21.
40.1 ANIMATION                                                                     NARRATOR
                                                                  It was called an interchange, and it
                                                                  combined a traffic circle with grade
                                                                  separation. Imagine a traffic circle at
                                                                  each corner of an intersection.




We SEE a traffic circle. Multiple iterations of the circle move
out to form the lobes of a cloverleaf.


41.1 ANIMATION                                                                     NARRATOR
                                                                  Now make one roadway into an
                                                                  overpass and traffic can move through
                                                                  the intersection without having to slow
                                                                  down. The curved ramps at the corners
                                                                  of the interchange allow drivers to
                                                                  change roadways by making right turns
                                                                  – without stopping. Direct left turns,
                                                                  and the safety risks they posed, are
                                                                  eliminated.




Traffic flows through the interchange.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                        The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 22.
42.1 ANIMATION                                                                NARRATOR
                                                             This efficient new design resembled a
                                                             four-leaf clover. Not surprisingly, it
                                                             soon came to be known as a cloverleaf
                                                             interchange.




A four-leaf clover is superimposed over the interchange.


43.1 GRAPHIC                                                                  NARRATOR
                                                             The idea was first proposed by a
                                                             French engineer in nineteen oh six.




We SEE the Eiffel Tower. Inset into the scene is a report,
titled, “Intersections Having Superposed Roadways, 1906.”




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                   The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 23.
44.1 GRAPHIC                                           NARRATOR
                                      Ten years later, a Maryland engineer
                                      patented a similar design.




We SEE a U.S. patent, dated “1916.”


45.1 GRAPHIC                                           NARRATOR
                                      The cloverleaf interchange seemed a
                                      perfect choice for high-speed highway
                                      intersections. But so far,




We SEE 1920s cars.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618            The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 24.
45.2 GRAPHIC
                                                               the idea existed on paper only. Thanks
                                                               to the foresight of the New Jersey
                                                               Highway Department, that would soon
                                                               change.


                                                               Music ends.




We SEE a stylized cloverleaf blueprint.



46.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                   We HEAR construction sounds.


                                                                                NARRATOR
                                                               Early in 1928, construction of a new
                                                               state highway began.




We SEE 1920s road gangs at work. A NJ map, bearing the
year “1928,” appears in the lower corner of the screen, then
dissolves away.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                     The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 25.
47.1 ANIMATION                                                 We HEAR period music.


                                                                                NARRATOR
                                                               When it was finished, New Jersey
                                                               Route Twenty-five, now known as U.S.
                                                               Routes One and Nine…




We SEE a map of New Jersey, featuring the state highway
system, circa 1927.


48.1 ANIMATION                                                                  NARRATOR
                                                               …would span eighty-nine miles
                                                               between Camden and Jersey City. It
                                                               would be a high volume, high-speed
                                                               freeway.




The path of NJ Route 25 draws on. The camera flies along the
map as Route 25 draws on from Camden to Jersey City.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                     The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 26.
48.2 ANIMATION                                                                NARRATOR
                                                             New Jersey Route Four (now known as
                                                             Route Thirty-Five) ran from New York
                                                             City down the Jersey Shore.




The camera flies along map as Route 4 draws on from NYC to
Jersey Shore, then the camera returns to Woodbridge.


48.3 ANIMATION                                                                NARRATOR
                                                             These two heavily traveled routes
                                                             would cross in Woodbridge.




The line reaches Route 4, in Woodbridge. The intersection
and the name “Woodbridge” are highlighted.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                   The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 27.
49.1 INTERVIEW                                         INTERVIEW
                                      A NJDOT spokesperson says the amount
                                      of traffic projected to flow through this
                                      Woodbridge intersection could not be
                                      safely accommodated by a standard at-
                                      grade intersection.




50.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS                                   NARRATOR
                                      A large portion of the intersection
                                      design work fell to Edward Delano, a
                                      highway engineer with the contracting
                                      firm Rudolph and Delano. The highway
                                      department hired the engineer and his
                                      firm to build Section Six of Route
                                      Twenty-five.




We SEE a portrait of Edward Delano.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618            The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 28.
51.1 ANIMATION                                                                 NARRATOR
                                                              Section Six would stretch nearly four
                                                              miles, from Woodbridge Township to
                                                              Edison Township, and include the
                                                              intersection with Route Four.




A map displays the area to be covered by Section 6 of Route
25.


52.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS                                                       HISTORIAN (V.O)
                                                              Delano had two ideas for an
                                                              intersection design.




We SEE a portrait of Edward Delano.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                    The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 29.
53.1 INTERVIEW                                                         HISTORIAN
                                                                        (continuing)
                                                      One was a rotary intersection. The
                                                      other was a cloverleaf.




54.1 WOODBRIDGE CLOVERLEAF BLUEPRINTS                                  NARRATOR
                                                      According to his daughter, Delano got
                                                      the inspiration for the cloverleaf from a
                                                      magazine.




                                                         ELIZABETH DELANO WHITEMAN
                                                                           (V.O.)
                                                      I said, “Did you invent this?”




We SEE details from Delano’s cloverleaf blueprints.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                            The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 30.
55.1 ELIZABETH DELANO WHITEMAN INTERVIEW                       ELIZABETH DELANO WHITEMAN
                                                            And he said, “No.” He said, “I copied it
                                                            from a magazine cover.” And he went
                                                            to a closet and pulled out this
                                                            magazine.




56.1 PHOTOGRAPH                                                              NARRATOR
                                                            The cover picture of a cloverleaf
                                                            intersection in Argentina was all Delano
                                                            had to work with.




We SEE the cover of the trade magazine showing the Buenos
Aires cloverleaf, or an aerial photo of the Buenos Aires
cloverleaf.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                  The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 31.
56.2 WOODBRIDGE CLOVERLEAF BLUEPRINTS
                                              But, it was enough.


                                              Period music ends.




We SEE a rapid-fire sequence of blueprints.


58.1 INTERVIEW                                                 INTERVIEW
                                              A NJDOT spokesperson says that
                                              Delano submitted plans for a rotary and
                                              a cloverleaf intersection to the Highway
                                              Department. He expected the
                                              Department to pick the rotary: it was
                                              less expensive and it was proven
                                              technology. But to his surprise, they
                                              went with the cutting-edge cloverleaf
                                              design. (Discuss the implications of
                                              this far-thinking and innovative
                                              decision.)




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                    The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 32.
59.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS                                                             NARRATOR
                                                               Construction of the interchange began
                                                               in September of nineteen twenty-eight.


                                                               Another piece of period music begins.




We SEE a montage of scenes of cloverleaf construction. A NJ
map, bearing the year “1928,” appears in the lower corner of
the screen, then dissolves away.


60.1 ELIZABETH DELANO WHITEMAN INTERVIEW                          ELIZABETH DELANO WHITEMAN
                                                               As soon as it got light, they went right
                                                               to work. / The site was usually dusty
                                                               and it was reddish gray earth, usually,
                                                               and you would see groups of people
                                                               working here, you might see they’re
                                                               being followed by a steam shovel which
                                                               would go back and forth, / and then
                                                               they’d come through with something
                                                               that dropped a lot of little stones. / The
                                                               concrete was laid in a couple of days.
                                                               They had to be good hot days. / You
We SEE Mrs. Whiteman, along with scenes of cloverleaf
construction and/or road gangs of the period. We HEAR road     could hear the mixer moving, you
construction sounds.
                                                               know, and then the men would come in
                                                               afterwards and they would have these
                                                               long poles and they were straightening
                                                               it out, no evening it out. /



 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                      The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 33.
60.2 ELIZABETH DELANO WHITEMAN INTERVIEW                          ELIZABETH DELANO WHITEMAN
                                                                           (continuing)
                                                               / That’s the way the built the roads. / It
                                                               was interesting, too, how the men lived,
                                                               because they only worked in the
                                                               summer up these parts building roads. /
                                                               The road crews would do the hard work
                                                               and travel in what they would call
                                                               gangs. And I remember my father
                                                               always hired two gangs, Tony and
                                                               Tony’s son. And the father, he had his
                                                               men, and the son had his men. They
We SEE Mrs. Whiteman, along with scenes of cloverleaf
                                                               would come; they’d bring their families
construction and/or road gangs of the period. We HEAR road
construction sounds.                                           and their wives and live in very poor
                                                               housing.

61.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS                                                             NARRATOR
                                                               A little more than a year later, in
                                                               December of nineteen twenty-nine, the
                                                               cloverleaf was an innovation in traffic
                                                               control, but it was more than that. It
                                                               was visually appealing as well as
                                                               functional.




We SEE the newly finished cloverleaf. A NJ map, bearing the
year “1929,” appears in the lower corner of the screen, then
dissolves away.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                      The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 34.
62.1 ANIMATION                                                              NARRATOR
                                                           Functionally, the bridge over Route
                                                           Four was a concrete encased I-beam
                                                           structure. It was built on a foundation
                                                           of concrete on earth. There were two
                                                           spans, each forty-two feet six inches
                                                           long. The total length of the bridge was
                                                           two hundred eighty-six feet.




Dissolve to Computer graphics display the details of the
newly constructed cloverleaf.


62.2 ANIMATION                                                              NARRATOR
                                                           The substructure consisted of a
                                                           concrete center pier. The pier had six
                                                           columns, spaced fifteen feet apart, and
                                                           concrete abutments. The faces of the
                                                           abutments were thirty-eight feet, six
                                                           inches from the pier faces. The bridge
                                                           deck was made of reinforced concrete
                                                           slab. The deck was covered by two-
                                                           and-one-half inches of asphalt block.
                                                           The roadway over the bridge was
                                                           twenty-nine feet wide from curb to curb
Animation visualizes details.
                                                           in each direction. The center median
                                                           varied in width, from two feet at the
                                                           ends to ten feet in the center. Six-foot
                                                           wide sidewalks bordered each side of
                                                           the roadway.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                 The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 35.
62.3 ANIMATION                                    NARRATOR
                                 Many of the functional forms were
                                 imbued with an aesthetic touch. On
                                 each side of the bridge was a concrete
                                 balustrade. The balustrade rose to a
                                 height of four-feet, three inches from
                                 the top of the sidewalk. Five three-foot
                                 tall, four-inch wide posts divided the
                                 balustrade into four large sections.
                                 There was a post at each end, one over
                                 each abutment, and one over the center
                                 pier. Except for the center post, each
Animation continues.
                                 supported a thirteen-foot tall concrete
                                 lamppost. A cast bronze lantern hung
                                 from each lamppost.



62.4 ANIMATION                                    NARRATOR
                                 The bridge approaches were
                                 constructed of earth fill. On top of the
                                 fill was a macadam foundation paved
                                 with bituminous concrete. This
                                 combination of materials prevented the
                                 road from settling.




Animation continues.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618       The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 36.
62.5 ANIMATION                                                   NARRATOR
                                               The west quadrant of the cloverleaf
                                               contained a thirty-foot wide left turn
                                               ramp. All of the other ramps were
                                               twenty-feet wide. The outer edge of
                                               each right turn ramp had a ten-foot
                                               shoulder. Twelve feet separated the
                                               inside, left turn ramp and outside, right
                                               turn ramp in each quadrant.




Animation continues.


63.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS                           NARRATOR
                                               Engineers and laypersons called the
                                               interchange an engineering marvel.
                                               They hailed the cloverleaf’s ability to
                                               accommodate turning and through
                                               traffic without conflict.




We SEE various scenes of the new cloverleaf.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                      The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 37.
64.1 INTERVIEW                                                                INTERVIEW
                                                            A NJDOT spokesperson describes the
                                                            initial impact the interchange had on
                                                            traffic.




65.1 ARCHIVAL STILLS & VIDEO                                                  NARRATOR
                                                            The cloverleaf would also impact the
                                                            community surrounding it –
                                                            Woodbridge Township.


                                                            Period music ends.




We SEE a variety of scenes of the Woodbridge, circa 1929.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                   The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 38.
66.1 INTERVIEW                                                               INTERVIEW
                                                            Woodbridge Township historian
                                                            describes Woodbridge before and
                                                            immediately after the cloverleaf was
                                                            built. He/she touches on community
                                                            attitudes towards the interchange and
                                                            the physical changes the cloverleaf
                                                            brought to Woodbridge.




67.1 ANIMATED GRAPH                                                          NARRATOR
                                                            In the years to come, millions of drivers
                                                            would share the experience of driving
                                                            the cloverleaf. It was an experience that
                                                            would eventually deteriorate as ever
                                                            increasing volumes of traffic passed
                                                            through the interchange.




Over shots of the new cloverleaf we SEE an animated graph
labeled “Registered NJ Vehicles.” The graph grows slowly
past the previously seen 1906 and 1917 levels and then
skyrockets to the 2004 levels.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                  The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 39.
68.1 THROUGH THE DECADES: DRIVER’S POINT OF                     We HEAR music reminiscent of the 1930s.
VIEW – “IN THE BEGINNING” (1930S)                               NARRATOR
                                                                In the early 1930s, (describe population
                                                                density, traffic) Let’s take a look at what
                                                                it was like to drive the Woodbridge
                                                                Cloverleaf when it was new.
                                                                The narrator or our NJDOT spokesperson
                                                                would describe, and the video or animation
                                                                would show, what drivers of the day
                                                                encountered as they approached and
                                                                entered the cloverleaf.




A Retrospective of the cloverleaf driving experience begins.
We SEE a driver’s POV (animation) through the windshield
of a 1930s auto. The view includes the cloverleaf and other
1930s vehicles. As the car enters the cloverleaf, the title
“Driving the cloverleaf – 1930s” dissolves in and out.
Perhaps a counter on the bottom of the screen would show the
average number of vehicles using the cloverleaf. This counter
would update, decade-by-decade. Animation illustrates
merging.


68.2 THROUGH THE DECADES. AERIAL VIEW – “IN                                       NARRATOR
THE BEGINNING” (1930S)
                                                                We briefly explain the concepts of merging
                                                                and weaving.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                       The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 40.
68.3 INTERVIEWS                                                                    INTERVIEW
                                                                 Brief comments with drivers who used the
                                                                 cloverleaf in the 1930s (if available).




69.1 THROUGH THE DECADES: DRIVER’S POINT OF                      We HEAR music reminiscent of the 1950s.
VIEW – “AS TIME GOES BY’ (50S - PRESENT)                                           NARRATOR
                                                                 Narration or comments from our NJDOT
                                                                 spokesperson will show how the numbers
                                                                 and speeds of vehicles affected merging
                                                                 and weaving.




We examine the driving experience through the Cloverleaf
during it’s “middle years”, when increased traffic caused
driving the Cloverleaf to become more challenging, but the
intersection still performed its intended functions The scene
begins with a driver’s POV through the windshield of a period
auto, over-the-shoulder shots and a title announcing the year.
The counter will update the number of vehicles using the
interchange. Animation accompanied by narration or
comments from our NJDOT spokesperson will show how the
numbers and speeds of vehicles affected merging and
weaving. We’ll also hear comments from drivers (if available)
who experienced the cloverleaf during these periods.

 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                        The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 41.
69.2 THROUGH THE DECADES: DRIVER’S POINT OF                                   NARRATOR
VIEW – “AS TIME GOES BY’ (50S - PRESENT)                     Narrator describes how the performance of
                                                             the interchange continued to deteriorate as
                                                             traffic conditions changed over the years.




Camera follows period cars through present-day cloverleaf.



69.3 THROUGH THE DECADES: DRIVER’S POINT OF                                   NARRATOR
VIEW – “AS TIME GOES BY’ (50S - PRESENT)                     (continues)




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                   The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 42.
69.4 INTERVIEWS                                                                   INTERVIEW
                                                                Brief comments with drivers who used the
                                                                cloverleaf in the 1930s (if available).




. 70.1 STILLS AND VIDEO                                                           NARRATOR
                                                                The Woodbridge Cloverleaf has served
                                                                New Jersey drivers for over seventy
                                                                years. Its long and useful life is a
                                                                tribute to the foresight of the New
                                                                Jersey State Highway Department, now
                                                                the New Jersey Department of
                                                                Transportation.




A sequence of scenes shows the cloverleaf from its early days
in 1929 through present day. We HEAR upbeat, contemporary
music.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                       The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 43.
71.1 INTERVIEW                                                           INTERVIEW
                                                       A NJDOT spokesperson says the
                                                       cloverleaf is a prime example of New
                                                       Jersey highway transportation innovation,
                                                       mentions the formation of the first state
                                                       D.O.T.




72.1 CLOVERLEAF TRAFFIC                                                  NARRATOR
                                                       The cloverleaf has had a dramatic effect
                                                       on the driving experiences of drivers.




We SEE contemporary cloverleaf traffic. (Day, night,
seasonal, time-lapse)




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                              The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 44.
72.2 INTERVIEWSS                                                           INTERVIEWS
                                                          Several drivers relate their opinions of the
                                                          cloverleaf.




74.1 WOODBRIDGE SCENES                                                      NARRATOR
                                                          And the interchange affected
                                                          generations of Woodbridge residents
                                                          and businesses.




We SEE residents and businesses in downtown Woodbridge.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                 The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 45.
75.1 INTERVIEWS                                                         INTERVIEWS
                                                       We hear local opinions of the cloverleaf,
                                                       perhaps from a Woodbridge resident,
                                                       police officer, businessperson and
                                                       politician.




76.1 AERIAL, WOODBRIDGE CLOVERLEAF                                       NARRATOR
                                                       The Woodbridge Cloverleaf. The very
                                                       first cloverleaf interchange built in the
                                                       United States. A crucial link in the
                                                       evolution of highway interchange
                                                       design. An innovation of which New
                                                       Jerseyans can be proud.


                                                       The music ends with a flourish.




We SEE a contemporary aerial shot of the cloverleaf.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                              The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 46.
77.1 INTERVIEW                                            INTERVIEW
                                        A Woodbridge Township police officer
                                        notes that the Cloverleaf has served well
                                        over the years but now it’s “the end of the
                                        road” for this historic roadway.




78.1 GRAPHIC: ARTIST’S CONCEPTION AND                     NARRATOR
BLUEPRINTS OF NEW INTERCHANGE           The narrator describes the new design and
                                        the positive impact it will have on traffic
                                        flow. “We need practical solutions to real-
                                        world traffic problems.”




Blueprints




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618               The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 47.
79.1 DEMOLITION                                                NARRATOR
                                                               The narrator discusses the implications of
                                                               the new design.




We SEE some of the demolition of the existing Cloverleaf and
perhaps the beginning of the construction of the new
interchange.




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                     The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 48.
Notes:

09       Change to “…over thirteen thousand…”

14       Change to “…nearly one hundred thirty five thousand…”

15.      Add DOT spokesperson interview comment re: Highway Commission becomes Highway Department.

60.1     Add to shot list: “dusty”; “reddish gray earth”

68.1     Need narration
68.2     Need narration
69.1     Need narration
78.1     Need narration




 Sica Productions 732-382-0618                                   The Woodbridge Cloverleaf, Draft 6  7/15 /04 49.

								
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