Chapter 16, Section 1 by 6um4w9


									Chapter 16, Section 1

     The Two Sides
Terms to Know
 Border States: the states between the North
  and the South that were divided over whether
  to stay in the Union or join the Confederacy.
 Blockade: cutoff an area by means of troops
  or warships to stop supplies; to close off a
  country’s ports
 Rebel: Confederate soldier, so called
  because of opposition to the established
 Yankee: Union soldier
 Offensive: position of attacking or the attack
Choosing Sides-Border States
 The Confederacy chose Richmond, VA as
  their nation’s capital
 The border states were Missouri, Kentucky,
  Maryland and Delaware
 Losing the border states would seriously
  damage the North because of their strategic
 Maryland was the most important because
  vital railroad lines passed through there
Remaining with the Union
 Lincoln suspended some constitutional rights
  and used his power to arrest people who
  supported secession
 The border states ended up staying with the
A Secession from the South
 Virginia, a Confederate state, became divided
  over the issue of secession
 48 counties in Virginia seceded from the state
  and formed West Virginia to join the Union
The North vs. South
Comparing North and South
 North Advantages: larger population, more
  industry, and more abundant resources,
  better banking system, more ships and navy,
  and a larder and more efficient railway
 South Advantages: Strong support of its
  white population, fighting in familiar territory,
  strong tradition of military training, president
  Jefferson Davis was a West Point graduate
  and experienced soldier.
Comparing North and South
 North disadvantages: The South was hostile
  and the fighting would be done on their land.
  Their cause resembled the cause of the
  colonists in the American Revolution.
 South disadvantages: smaller population,
  few factories to manufacture weapons and
  other supplies, produced less than half as
  much food as the North, less than half the
  miles of railroad tracks to carry supplies. The
  individual states refused to give the
  Confederacy much power.
War Aims and Strategy
 Goal of the North: Bring the states back to
  the Union.
 Union Plan:
 1. The North would blockade Southern ports.
 2. The Union would gain control of the
  Mississippi River.
 3. The North would capture Richmond, VA.,
  the Confederate capital.
War Aims and Strategy
 Goal of the South: To be recognized as an
  independent nation.
 The South planned to defend its homeland,
  holding on to as much territory as possible
  until the North grew tired of fighting.
 They also hoped Britain and France would
  help them.
American Against American
 The leaders and fighters from the North and
  South were fighting against each other.
 This put family members against each other
  on the battlefield.
     Brother vs. Brother
Reading Letters from Home
Who were the Soldiers?
 Average age of recruit: 25 years old
 40% were 21 or younger
 The Union did not permit African Americans
  to join at first but they did serve later.
 By the summer of 1861, the Confederate
  army had about 112,000 soldiers (Rebels)
  and the Union had about 187,000 soldiers
False Hopes
 Both sides thought they would win the war
 Northern general William Tecumseh Sherman
  predicted, “I think it is to be a long war- very
  long- much longer than any politician thinks.”
Questions-Ticket Out Door

1. Why were the border states important to the
2. What do you think was the South’s greatest
   advantage? Explain.

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