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AP European History Summer Assignment 2012 Braden River High School Mr. Nelson Directions: All incoming students to AP European History will be required to read two books from the 1500s. o The Prince by Nicolo Machiavelli and Utopia by Sir Thomas More. A link to both books has been provided below, but students are also welcome to purchase the books they would rather have an actual copy of the book to read. o The Prince - http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/machiavelli-prince.asp o Utopia - http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/thomasmore-utopia.asp For each book, students will need to address the questions listed below. o Responses should be well organized and explained using evidence from the book. o Responses must be hand written in black or blue pen. Responses are due the first day of class. o Late work is not accept in this class, so do not start the year off in a hole because you did not do this assignment or forgot to bring it in. Mr. Nelson will be checking his school email periodically throughout the summer, so it you have any questions please send an email to email@example.com . The Prince 1. Describe the political situation which prompted the writing of The Prince. 2. List and explain the three major themes of The Prince. 3. Explain Machiavelli's options about the common people and the nobles. Is the favor of the people very important for a prince? In which passages of The Prince are these ideas found? 4. Describe the role of armies according to Machiavelli? Including why they must be strong, different types of troops and the value of them, and military duty of the prince. 5. How does Machiavelli’s advise concerning the prince’s conduct in Chapters 15-19 conflict with the advice previous writers would have given? 6. In chapters 6 and 7 which vices are considered useful and advisable? Why does Machiavelli recommend them? 7. Discuss Machiavelli's ideas about religion. 8. According to Machiavelli, what is the role of fortune in human affairs? What can men do to alter the course of fortune? 9. Why does Machiavelli say that it is better for a prince "to be both loved and feared?" Is it possible for a prince to be both? Explain. 10. List and describe ten characteristics of a Machiavellian ruler. List five historical figures that would be considered the ideal model of The Prince 11. As you perceive it, describe what a state might be like under a Machiavellian ruler. Utopia 1. Describe the geography of Utopia. What role does geography play in the way Utopian society developed? 2. Describe the economy of Utopia. 3. Choose any five of the following topics and describe their role in Utopia: cities, community life, economy, education, artisans, agriculture, philosophy, law, foreign relations, and slavery. 4. Define the following terms and then based on the definitions of these terms explain what elements of each are present in Utopia: capitalism, socialism, and communism. 5. Explain More's view on religion in the Utopian society. 6. How does the leadership of Utopia work? How effective is it? How does the leader relate to Utopians? 7. How does Utopia defend itself from outside aggression? What role does a military play? What is More's belief about the military and Utopia? 8. What does Utopia tell us about More's views of humans and humanity? 9. Would it be possible to establish a community like Utopia? Why or why not?
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