Merit/Honors Chemistry Vocabulary by 6ju1Nl

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									                               Chemistry Vocabulary

  Please write the definitions to all terms in your notebook at the appropriate time.
            The vocabulary will be checked periodically throughout the year.
Chapter 1
chemistry
experiment
hypothesis
macroscopic
matter
microscopic
observation
pure chemistry
manipulated variable
responding variable
scientific law
scientific method
theory

Chapter 2
chemical change
chemical property
chemical reaction
compound
distillation
element
extensive property
filtration
heterogeneous mixture
homogeneous mixture
intensive property
law of conservation of mass
mass
mixture
phase
physical change
physical property
precipitate
solution
substance
vapor
volume

Chapter 3
absolute zero
accepted value
accuracy
density
energy
error
experimental value
International System of Units
Kelvin Scale
percent error
precision
scientific notation
significant figures
weight

Chapter 4
atom
atomic mass
atomic mass unit (amu)
atomic number
Dalton’s atomic Theory
electron
group
isotopes
mass number
neutron
nucleus
proton
period

Chapter 5
amplitude
atomic emission spectrum
atomic orbital
aufbau principle
electromagnetic radiation
electron configuration
energy levels
ground state
Heisenberg uncertainty principle
Hund’s rule
Pauli exclusion principle
photons
quantum
quantum mechanical model
spectrum
Chapter 6
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
anion
atomic radius
cation
electronegativity
halogen
inner transition metal
ion
ionization energy
metalloid
metal
noble gases
nonmetals
periodic law
transition metal
representative metal

Chapter 7
alloys
chemical formula
coordination number
formula unit
ionic bond
ionic compounds
metallic bonds
octet rule
valence electron

Chapter 8
bonding orbital
bond dissociation energy
covalent bond
coordinate covalent bond
diatomic molecule
dipole
dipole interactions
dispersion forces
double covalent bond
hybridization
molecular compounds
molecular orbital
molecule
nonpolar covalent bond
pi bond
network solid
polar bond
polar molecule
polyatomic ion
resonance structure
sigma bond
single covalent bond
structural formula
tetrahedral angle
triple covalent bond
unshared pair
van der Waals force
VSPER theory

Chapter 9
acid
base
law of definite proportions
law of multiple proportions
monatomic ion
polyatomic ion

Chapter 10
Avogadro’s hypothesis
empirical formula
molar mass
molar volume
mole (mol)
percent composition
representative particle
standard temperature and pressure (STP)

Chapter 11
activity series
catalyst
coefficients
combination reaction
combustion reaction
decomposition reaction
double-replacement reaction
single-replacement reaction
complete ionic equation
net-ionic equation
spectator ion
Chapter 12
actual yield
excess reagent
limiting reagent
percent yield
stoichiometry
theoretical yield

Chapter 13
allotrope
atmospheric pressure
barometer
boiling point
crystal
evaporation
gas pressure
kinetic energy
kinetic theory
melting point
normal boiling point
phase diagram
sublimation
triple point
vacuum
vaporization
vapor pressure

Chapter 14
Boyle’s Law
Charles’s Law
Dalton’s law of partial pressure
diffusion
effusion
Gay-Lussac’s law
ideal gas law
partial pressure
combined gas law
compressibility

Chapter 15
aqueous solution
colloid
electrolyte
emulsion
hydrate
nonelectrolyte
solute
solvent
strong electrolyte
surfactant
suspension
surface tension
Tyndall effect
weak electrolyte

Chapter 16
concentrated solution
colligative properties
dilute solution
freezing-point
depression
Henry’s law
immiscible
molality
molarity (M)
mole fraction
saturated solution
solubility
supersaturated solution
unsaturated solution

Chapter 17
calorimeter
calorimetry
endothermic process
enthalpy
exothermic process
heat
heat capacity
heat of combustion
heat of reaction
law of conservation of energy
specific heat
surroundings
system
thermochemical equation
thermochemistry


Chapter 19
acidic solution
alkaline solution
amphoteric
basic solution
bufferes
conjugate acid
conjugate acid-base pair
conjugate base
diprotic acid
end point
equivalence point
hydronium ion
Lewis acid
Lewis base
Monoprotic acid
neutral solution
neutralization reaction
pH
strong acid
strong base
titration
triprotic acid
weak acid
weak base

								
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