US I Name_________________________ Enlightenment Philosophers Web Quest Period________ Follow the directions for each of the sections or questions below to complete this web quest on the Enlightenment Philosophers, their ideas and their connection to the development of American Government. Go to Answers.com. Type the word “Enlightenment” in the search box. Read definition 2 for Enlightenment to complete the questions for this section. 1. Copy definition 2 for the word “Enlightenment” - 2. This definition states that the Enlightenment was a period marked by “using reason to scrutinize previously accepted doctrines and traditions”. In your own words, explain what is meant by this statement. Go to wikipedia.org. Type “Thomas Hobbes” in the search box. 3. Who was Thomas Hobbes? 4. Where was he from and when did he live? 5. According to the chart on this page, what “notable ideas” were part of his philosophy? Click on “Social Contract” in the chart on Hobbes. 6. Define Social Contract Theory- Type the name John Locke into the search box at the top of the page. 7. Who was John Locke? 8. Where was he from? Go to the high school home page. Once at the high school home page, click on the media center. - click "online databases" - scroll down to and click on Facts on File (left side of page) - Username: hvchs Password: bulldog - Click on American History Online - Type John Locke in the search box -click on the 1st biography of John Locke 9. According to the 1st paragraph, what are the main ideas of John Locke's philosophies? • According to your notes on the Greeks and Romans, there are 4 major political ideas from the past that influenced our system of government today in the US. They are Self Government, Representative Government, Limited Government and Common Law. 10. Explain one major influence on American Government as seen through this first paragraph. 11. Who cited Locke's ideas as a part of his writing? Go back to Wikipedia. Type Jean-Jacques Rousseau into the search box. 12. Who was Jean-Jacques Rousseau? 13. Where was he from? Scroll down to Philosophy. 14. In the space below, summarize Rousseau's theory of natural man. Scroll down to Political Theory, "The Social Contract". Read the second and third paragraphs of this section for the next question. 15. Rousseau believes in the idea of "popular sovereignty". After reading this paragraph, and using your understanding of the word sovereignty, define the term "popular sovereignty". Search the name Voltaire in the Wikipedia search box. Read the intro section for Voltaire. 16. Who was Voltaire and what was his real name? 17. Where was Voltaire from? 18. Voltaire believed in the defense of "civil liberties". Name two specific civil liberties that Voltaire believed should be protected. 19. Click on the words "civil liberties". After reading this section, briefly define civil liberties. 20. In the space below, explain how civil liberties are connected with the development of the American system of government. Type Montesquieu in the search box 21. Who was Montesquieu? 22. Where was he from? Go to the high school home page. Once at the high school home page, click on the media center. - click "online databases" - scroll down to and click on Facts on File (left side of page) - Username: hvchs Password: bulldog - Click on American History Online - Type Montesquieu in the search box -click on the first option, Separation of Powers 23. Montesquieu was a big believer in the separation of powers. After reading this section and by using your prior knowledge of American Government, define the term "separation of powers" 24. How do the ideas of Montesquieu fit in with our system of government?
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