2001 Vocabulary

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2001 Vocabulary Powered By Docstoc
					    Bid to clone wooly mammoth
•   What movie does this idea remind you of?
•   Do you think it’s possible?
•   Do you think they should try?
•   What would happen if they succeeded?
They hope to extract DNA from the male
mammoth’s bone marrow or internal organs and
insert it into the egg of an Asian (19).
•   A. elephant          • There aren’t any
•   B. mammoth             mammoths today.
•   C. adult female      • Female human?
•   D. animal            • What kind of animal?
                         • A. elephant
It is hoped that the mother will be able to give
birth to (20) baby mammoth.

•   A. alive               • What kind of baby
•   B. a life                mammoth? - You need
•   C. living                an adjective.
•   D. a live              • X B.
                           • You also need an
                           • X A./C.
                           • D. a live
… the international scientists working on the project
believe that the freezing conditions (where the
mammoth was discovered)… (21)
•   A. may be preserved   • Active voice. X A.
•   B. preserve           • It is possible that the
•   C. to preserve          freezing conditions
•   D. may have preserved   have preserved the
                            mammoth since it died
                            20,000 years ago.
                          • D. may have
A paleontologist on the project, Dr Larry
Agenbroad, said the mammoth (23) in a
laboratory in the Russian city of Katanga.
• A. studied               • “being studied” =
                             “which is being studied”
• B. would have studied      - This would create an
• C. would be studied        incomplete sentence.
                             Ex. The car which is
• D. being studied
                             being repaired …
• The scientists are the   • The mammoth will be
  ones that will study       studied. (Use reported
  the mammoth.               speech).
• Passive voice. X A./B.   • C. would be studied.
Recently it (24) from its resting place on the Taimyr
Peninsula, ...

•   A. was flown            • The mammoth is dead
•   B. has flown              and doesn’t have
•   C. had flown              wings.
•   D. flew                 • Passive voice.
                            • A. was flown
Its tusks, (25) over 60 kilograms each, were carried
on a reindeer-pulled sled.

•   A. weighed              • This is an adjective
•   B. weighing               phrase describing the
•   C. weigh                  tusks
•   D. were weighed         • Ex. The man (standing
                              over there) is my
                            • B. weighing
He (26) organised a team of scientists who successfully
removed the mammoth’s head from the ice.

• A. finally                  • After these things
• B. one day                    happened, he
• C. subsequently               organised his team.
• D. incredibly               • Which option carries
• The first part of the         this meaning?
  paragraph tells us that:    • C. subsequently
• 1. Some people found a
• 2. They tried to sell the
According to Dr Agenbroad, ‘Asian elephants
are biologically (27) to mammoths than they are
to African elephants. …’
• A. similar                 •   X A./C.
• B. more similar            •   Which sounds better?
• C. alike                   •   similar to …
• D. more like               •   like to …
• “than” should remind
                             •   B. more similar
  you that you are looking
  at a familiar structure.
• Ex. Elephants are bigger
  than dogs.
If inserting mammoth DNA into an elephant
egg is unsuccessful, there is (28).
•   A. an idea               • One choice is to clone
•   B. another egg             a mammoth with
•   C. a problem               DNA.
•   D. an alternative        • Another choice is to
•   The rest of the            use sperm to produce a
    paragraph describes        half-mammoth.
    using sperm to produce   • D. an alternative
    an offspring which
    would be half mammoth
    and half elephant.
The resulting offspring would be half mammoth and
half elephant, but by breeding these animals (29) a
nearly pure mammoth could be produced.
• A. over many             • You’d have to say,
  generations                “after years of
• B. more than a century     breeding these
• C. in time                 animals”
• D. after years           • The first generation
                             will be half and half,
• B. X missing “for”         the next will be 3/4
• “breeding ... in time”     mammoth and so on.
  doesn’t make sense.      • A. Correct
The mammoth was buried (30) almost five
metres of permafrost.
•   A. with                  • The mammoth was
•   B. for                     under this layer of
•   C. under                   permafrost.
•   D. deep                  • C. correct
•   “Permafrost” is earth
    that is always frozen.
“It is (31) I have come to touching a live mammoth
still (32) skin, hair and flesh (33),” ...

• 31.                         • 32. A. had
• A. nearly                   • B. has
• B. very close               • C. having
• C. closer                   • D. to have
• D. the closest
                              • “still …” is an
• C. X - You’d have to          adjective phrase
  say, “It is closer than I
  have ever …”                  describing the
• D. correct
                              • C. Correct
“It is (31) I have come to touching a live mammoth
still (32) skin, hair and flesh (33),” ...

•   A. belonging            • Only one logical
•   B. grown                  answer.
•   C. intact               • C. correct
•   D. living
•   The frozen conditions
    have prevented these
    things from being
(34) Dr Agenbroad and his colleagues are fairly optimistic
about the outcome, scientists not involved with the study
have argued it is unlikely that cloning (35).

• 34.                         • 35.
• A. Although                 • A. ever succeed
• B. Even                     • B. will succeed
• C. Nevertheless             • C. is successful
• D. Despite
                              • D. is success
• The doctor’s optimistic
  view is being contrasted
                              • We are talking about
  with the pessimistic view     something that will (or
  of other scientists.          will not) happen in the
• A. Correct                    future.
                              • B. Correct

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