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July 2008 Florida Department of Education CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK Program Title: Graphic Arts Technology Occupational Area: Industrial Education Career Cluster: Arts, A/V Technology and Communication PSV CIP Number: 1650040201 A.S. 0650040201 A.A.S. Grade Level: College Credits Length: 64 Credits I. MAJOR CONCEPTS/CONTENT: The purpose of this program is to prepare students for employment as printing operations managers. This program also provides supplemental training for persons previously or currently employed in this occupation. The course content will include the following: pre-press, press and post-press operations, administration, copy preparation, stripping black and white, line graphic photo processes, offset presswork, estimating, graphic arts halftone processes and color reproduction technology. The course content should also include training in communication, leadership, human relations and employability skills; and safe, efficient work practices. This program focuses on broad, transferable skills and stresses understanding and demonstration of the following elements of the Graphic Arts industry; planning, management, finance, technical and product skills, underlying principles of technology, labor issues, community issues and health, safety, and environmental issues. II. LABORATORY ACTIVITIES: Shop or laboratory activities are an integral part of this program. These activities provide instruction in the use of tools, equipment, materials and processes found in the industry. Students are also instructed in the following: customer layouts, composition and camera ready copy; producing line negatives, halftone negatives and contacts; stripping line negatives, halftone negatives, and multicolor and process color; producing printing plates, single color proofs and color proofs; operating and adjusting duplicators; and operating cutting, folding and binding equipment. III. SPECIAL NOTE: SkillsUSA is the appropriate career and technical student organization for providing leadership training and for reinforcing specific vocational skills. Career and Technical Student Organizations shall be an integral part of the vocational instructional program, and the activities of such organizations are defined as part of the curriculum in accordance with Rule 6A-6.065, FAC. Cooperative training - OJT is appropriate for this program. Whenever cooperative training - OJT is offered, the following are required for each student: a training plan, signed by the student, teacher, and employer, which includes instructional objectives and a list of on-the-job and in-school learning experiences; a workstation that reflects equipment, skills and tasks that are relevant to the occupation which the student has chosen as a career goal. The student must receive compensation for work performed. To be transferable statewide between institutions, this program/course must have been reviewed, and a "transfer value" assigned the curriculum content by the appropriate Statewide Course Numbering System discipline committee. This does not preclude institutions from developing specific program or course articulation agreements with each other. The standard length of this program is an Associate Degree. IV. INTENDED OUTCOMES: After successfully completing the program, the student will be able to: 01.0 Perform reproduction process operations. 02.0 Perform estimating operations. 03.0 Perform graphic design operations. 04.0 Perform typographical operations. 05.0 Perform copy preparation operations. 06.0 Perform line graphic photo operations. 07.0 Perform graphic arts halftone operations. 08.0 Perform color reproduction operations. 09.0 Perform stripping operations. 10.0 Perform proofing and plate-making operations. 11.0 Perform offset operations. 12.0 Perform finishing operations. 13.0 Demonstrate appropriate communication skills. 14.0 Demonstrate appropriate math skills. 15.0 Demonstrate appropriate understanding of basic science. 16.0 Demonstrate employability skills. 17.0 Demonstrate an understanding of entrepreneurship. July 2008 Florida Department of Education STUDENT PERFORMANCE STANDARDS Program Title: Graphic Arts Technology 01.0 PERFORM REPRODUCTION PROCESS OPERATIONS--The student will be able to: 01.01 Identify the equipment and materials used in reproduction process operations, their parts and functions and the safety rules relating to their operation. 01.02 Set up and operate reproduction tools and equipment. 01.03 Perform operator maintenance on reproduction equipment. 01.04 Identify and explain the scope, purpose, size and products of the graphic communications industry by identifying various statistics that relate to its existence. 01.05 Trace the evolution of writing, kinds of communications, materials used and printing by identifying and recalling times, cultures and specific inventions. 01.06 Analyze the various reproduction processing such as: letterpress, gravure, offset lithography, screen, flexography and electronic. 01.07 Compare and contrast the various reproduction of elements in each reproduction process to distinguish the strengths and weaknesses of each. 01.08 Explain the value of planning and design to the graphic communication process by identifying principles of design and the steps used in the planning of layouts. 01.09 Analyze the various printing surfaces by contrast and comparison to a variety of elements in each process to distinguish the difference in each surface. 01.10 Evaluate printing processes by judging advantages and disadvantages of each. 01.11 Define terms used in mark-up of copy for composition by being able to recognize marks, instructions and other data. 01.12 Place in sequential order the production steps of a printing job from conception to completion. 01.13 Define terms used in making a paste-up or mechanical. 01.14 Define and explain the elements of typography and their value to the printing and design process. 01.15 Analyze typographic terms. 01.16 Analyze the current systems of composition by comparison and contrast and by being able to categorize and distinguish each. 01.17 Define and explain the terms and methodology used in commercial and process photography as they relate to the printing processes. 01.18 Analyze plates used in the various printing processes. 01.19 Define and explain the principles and generalizations in the use of color in design of printing. 01.20 Define and explain the history of inks, substrates and differences between printing processes. 01.21 Define and explain the history of paper and basic components in paper by recalling items used in place of paper and identifying the steps used in the manufacture of paper. 01.22 List and explain career opportunities in printing. 01.23 Analyze the difference between artist use and production use of printing. 01.24 Set up and operate machine used in reproduction process operation in accordance with manufacturer's specifications. 01.25 Perform operator maintenance on machine used in reproduction process operation in accordance with manufacturer's specifications. 02.0 PERFORMING ESTIMATING OPERATIONS--The student will be able to: 02.01 Identify the equipment and materials used in estimating operations, their parts and functions and the safety rules relating to their operation. 02.02 Define and explain the methods of reproduction illustrated by offset and letter press. 02.03 Define and explain the organization and management of a wall organized printing company by identifying its organizational elements. 02.04 Define and explain an estimator's duties including the knowledge of categories of production pertaining to estimating. 02.05 Define and explain the role and responsibility of the estimator in a printing plant. 02.06 Define and explain the sources of information available to the estimator. 02.07 Define and explain the factors that must be considered by the estimator in preparing an estimate such as standard production times, budgeted hour cost rates, outside purchased services and material costs. 02.08 Analyze terms used in estimating. 02.09 Place in sequential order the progressive steps for preparing an estimate. 02.10 Define and explain the principle characteristics of the different papers used in the printing process. 02.11 List the job tasks that usually appear on an estimating form. 02.12 List the job tasks that usually appear on an estimating form in the sequential order in which they are usually performed. 02.13 Apply formula for computing weight of paper stock. 02.14 Define and explain basic sheet sizes by listing the paper categories with the basic sheet size for each. 02.15 Prepare costs estimates utilizing given items, costs and specifications for a one- color, one-up job. 02.16 Prepare costs estimates utilizing given items, costs and specifications for a one- color, multiple. 02.17 Prepare cost estimates utilizing given items, costs and specifications for a one- color, step job. 02.18 Prepare cost estimates utilizing given items, costs and specifications for a one- color, four-page job. 02.19 Prepare cost estimates utilizing given items, costs and specifications for a one- color, eight-page job. 02.20 Prepare cost estimates utilizing given items, costs and specifications for a one color, sixteen-page folded, saddle stitched job. 03.0 PERFORM GRAPHIC DESIGN OPERATIONS--The student will be able to: 03.01 Identify the equipment and materials used in graphic design operations, their parts and functions and the safety rules relating to their operation. 03.02 Set up and operate graphic design operation tools and equipment. 03.03 Perform operator maintenance on graphic design operation equipment. 03.04 Prepare thumbnail layout. 03.05 Prepare rough layout. 03.06 Prepare comprehensive layout including finish working dummy. 03.07 Size and proportion photographs, line drawings and other copy elements. 03.08 Copyfit and mark up (specify type sizes and styles). 04.0 PERFORM TYPOGRAPHICAL OPERATIONS--The student will be able to: 04.01 Identify the equipment and materials used in typographical operations, their parts and functions and the safety rules relating to their operation. 04.02 Set up and operate typographical tools and equipment. 04.03 Perform operator maintenance on typographical equipment. 04.04 Define and explain typographic terms for measurement. 04.05 Set up and proofread type by a variety of means. 04.06 Analyze and solve printing measurement problems using a group of specific facts, a system of logic and arithmetic based on printer's measurements. 04.07 Set up and operate a variety of typesetting machines. 04.08 Evaluate printed typed samples for visual spacing to mechanical spacing and certain letter combinations to other letter combinations and produce examples. 04.09 Define terms used in typesetting and typography and explain the difference. 04.10 Define and explain terms that deal with type identification. 04.11 Define and explain the elements of typography and their values in printing and design. 04.12 Solve copyfitting problems by applying typographic principles. 04.13 Evaluate typesetting systems by judging their advantages and their disadvantages. 04.14 Apply the principles of several copyfitting systems for counting manuscripts by predicting keystrokes in each system. 04.15 Perform manual, automatic and semi-automatic justification decisions. 05.0 PERFORM COPY PREPARATION OPERATIONS--The student will be able to: 05.01 Identify the equipment and materials used in copy preparation operations, their parts and functions and the safety rules relating to their operation. 05.02 Set up and operate copy preparation tools and equipment. 05.03 Perform operator maintenance on copy preparation equipment. 05.04 Define and explain the scope and purpose of copy preparation. 05.05 Define and explain terms used in copy preparation. 05.06 Define and explain career opportunities preparation. 05.07 Apply the principles of mechanical paste-up using printed type proofs. 05.08 Define, explain and demonstrate how to scale by diagonal line method. 05.09 Define, explain and demonstrate the use of the proportion wheel. 05.10 Apply the use of the proportion wheel to various copy situations. 05.11 Define, explain and demonstrate layout for mechanicals. 05.12 Define and explain the different types of light sensitive materials used on copy preparation. 05.13 Define, explain and apply the elements of mechanical masking. 05.14 Explain and demonstrate the use of a process color chart such as a Murphy color wheel when specifying color breaks. 05.15 Demonstrate the use of amberlith by cutting to the specific areas where color is to be masked in basic art drawings. 05.16 Demonstrate application of room light film materials. 05.17 Paste up mechanical elements including keyline for photographs and tint blocks; and ruling. 05.18 Prepare tissue overlay and specify color break, tint percentages, and reverses. 05.19 Check and compare completed mechanical to comprehensive layout for final proofing. 06.0 PERFORM LINE GRAPHIC PHOTO OPERATIONS--The student will be able to: 06.01 Identify the equipment and materials used in line graphic photo operations, their parts and functions and the safety rules relating to their operations. 06.02 Set up and operate line graphic photo tools and equipment. 06.03 Perform operator maintenance on line graphic photo equipment. 06.04 Analyze and solve lithographic scaling problems by analyzing facts, calculating proper sizes or percentages and stating solutions in appropriate terms. 06.05 Define and explain the photographic record. 06.06 Define and explain terms relating to film construction. 06.07 Define and explain characteristics of film relating to speed, contrast and color. 06.08 Define and explain terms relating to line photography. 06.09 Define and explain terms relating to electromagnetic energy and spectrum. 06.10 Demonstrate the application and alignment of camera planes and working parts. 06.11 Operate a process camera by making various adjustments and by making a series of negatives to produce appropriate results using a variety of photographic materials. 06.12 Demonstrate the application and limitation of the relationship between time, F- stop, exposure and light intensity by using a reflection density guide and interpreting results. 06.13 Define and explain specific terms in relation to a process camera lens. 06.14 Define and explain lens aberrations and flare. 06.15 Define and explain the law of inverse squares, law of reflection, and law of reflection of light. 06.16 Demonstrate application and limitation of the relationship between bellows extension, exposure and F-stops by using formulas, charts, diaphragm control systems and interpret results. 06.17 Demonstrate the mixing of photographic chemicals for processing of photographic materials by identifying rations, recognizing terms and different chemical and mixing them when necessary. 06.18 Operate a vacuum frame and use a variety of films, copy and procedures. 06.19 Demonstrate application and procedures to produce film negatives and positives with a variety of films, equipment and conditions. 06.20 Demonstrate the use of a reflection density guide by establishing a standard under a given set of conditions for prediction, control and standardization of results. 06.21 Demonstrate the use of a density guide and the arithmetic behind it by identifying step relationships, explaining exposure changes to steps, by being able to explain changes in density and by confirming them in laboratory practice. 06.22 Define and explain terms relating to photographic filters used in process photography. 06.23 Demonstrate the use of filters in laboratory projects. 06.24 Define and explain the need and value of establishing and maintaining standardized procedures. 07.0 PERFORM GRAPHIC ARTS HALFTONE OPERATIONS--The student will be able to: 07.01 Identify the equipment and materials used in graphic arts halftone operations, their parts and functions and the safety rules relating to their operation. 07.02 Set up and operate graphic arts halftone tools and equipment. 07.03 Perform operator maintenance on graphic arts halftone equipment. 07.04 Define halftone terminology. 07.05 Calibrate a reflection densitometer to manufacturer's specifications. 07.06 Compare and contrast the funding of the reflection densitometer with the Kodak Density Guide. 07.07 Solve a variety of exposure problems using an exposure computer. 07.08 Solve a variety of exposure problems using neutral density filters. 07.09 Demonstrate and explain a variety of special films such as litho pan, rapid access and room light. 07.10 Evaluate a typical printed halftone under normal laboratory conditions and determine the best possible exposure combination to help establish laboratory standards halftone photography. 07.11 Develop sets of directions for the major basics of halftone photography, basic exposure, basic density range of the contact screen, basic density of the copy, basic flash and basic material on which to print on. 07.12 Solve a variety of problems by applying the principles of densitometry and exposure. 08.0 PERFORM COLOR REPRODUCTION OPERATIONS--The student will be able to: 08.01 Identify the equipment and materials used in color reproduction operations, their parts and functions and the safety rules relating to their operation. 08.02 Set up and operate color reproduction tools and equipment. 08.03 Perform operator maintenance on color reproduction equipment. 08.04 Apply the principles of visible light by constructing a spectrograph and placing the major subdivisions of white light in their proper position according to scientific theory. 08.05 Define and explain the interrelationship of light and color. 08.06 Define and explain the principles of color theory as they apply to process printing. 08.07 Define and explain the difference between additive and subtractive color. 08.08 Define and explain the color absorption/reflection theory as it applies to process color filters and printing inks. 08.09 Compare and contrast color separation systems for direct, indirect and electronic scanning. 08.10 Interpret manufacturer's film data sheets of various applicable films. 08.11 Define and explain densitometry and sensitometry. 08.12 Apply the principles of densitometry and sensitometry to establish local laboratory standards. 08.13 Define and explain the requirements for photographic color separation by listing the materials, equipment, facilities and special considerations required in the process. 08.14 Define and explain the requirements for color production by graphing and interpreting the deficiencies of printing inks. 09.0 PERFORM STRIPPING OPERATIONS--The student will be able to: 09.01 Identify the equipment and materials used in stripping operations, their parts and functions and the safety rules relating to their operation. 09.02 Set up and operate stripping operations tools and equipment. 09.03 Perform operator maintenance on stripping operations equipment. 09.04 Define and explain terms used in stripping. 09.05 Define and explain stripping as a career opportunity. 09.06 Analyze the various approaches to stripping by comparing and contrasting pre- printed masking sheets with conventional non-printed masking sheets. 09.07 Identify the parts of a contact frame and point light source and explain their use. 09.08 Produce contacts using orthochromatic and duplicating film using transmission density guide and standard time and temperature development. 09.09 Identify equipment and materials used in the stripping function and the safety rules pertaining to each. 09.10 Apply basic principles of stripping using: T-square and triangle to align, position and tape film. 09.11 Prepare working dummy and produce a one-color, one-up layout. 09.12 Prepare working dummy and produce a one-color, multiple layout. 09.13 Define and explain methodology relating to step-and-repeat by choosing or recognizing the different procedures relating to particular situations. 09.14 Prepare working dummy and produce a one-color, step layout. 09.15 Prepare working dummy and produce a one-color, four-page layout. 09.16 Prepare working dummy and produce a one-color, eight-page layout. 09.17 Demonstrate the cutting of rubylith masks by trapping to key line negatives. 09.18 Prepare a working dummy and apply principles of a pin-register system to produce a multiple-burn exposure layout (halftone and screen tints). 09.19 Prepare a working dummy and apply principles of a pin-register system to produce and strip a multi-flat color layout. 09.20 Produce composed film from multi-flat color layout and strip in position. 09.21 Inspect and evaluate flats to original mechanical. 10.0 PERFORM PROOFING & PLATEMAKING OPERATIONS--The student will be able to: 10.01 Identify the equipment and materials used in proofing and platemaking operations, their parts and functions and the safety rules relating to their operation. 10.02 Set up and operate proofing and platemaking tools and equipment. 10.03 Perform operator maintenance on proofing and platemaking equipment. 10.04 Identify equipment and materials used in proofing and platemaking to obtain proper exposures using a transmission density guide. 10.05 Produce proofs on diazo, silver and color proofing materials. 10.06 Inspect and evaluate proofs to original mechanical. 10.07 Identify, contrast and compare image carriers such as paper, photo direct, foil, aluminum additive and aluminum subtractive for run length and quality to suit customer specifications. 10.08 Process paper, photo direct, foil, aluminum additive and aluminum subtractive image carriers to manufacturer specifications. 10.09 Inspect and evaluate plates to proofs. 10.10 File, handle and retrieve flats and plates. 11.0 PERFORM OFFSET OPERATIONS--The student will be able to: 11.01 Identify the equipment and materials used in offset presswork operations, their parts and functions and the safety rules, rules relating to their operation. 11.02 Set up and operate offset presswork tools and equipment. 11.03 Perform operator maintenance on offset presswork equipment. 11.04 Define and explain the basic principle of the lithographic process. 11.05 Compare and contrast a single-sheet feeder, stream-fed, web-fed systems. 11.06 Compare and contrast deliver systems for sheet- and web-fed systems. 11.07 Compare and contrast register systems such as side-guide, pull-guide and head register. 11.08 Compare and contrast ink and moisture system for sheet- and web-fed systems. 11.09 Explain make ready procedures in proper sequence in preparation for actual production. 11.10 Apply basic principles of offset lithography pertaining to dampening systems (ducted and continuous). 11.11 Apply basic principles of offset lithography pertaining to fountain solutions chemical components (acid, alkaline and neutral). 11.12 Apply basic principles of offset lithography pertaining to pH control and its effects on the lithographic process. 11.13 Apply basic principles of offset lithography pertaining to interrelationships of paper. 11.14 Demonstrate the inking system by identifying each part and making proper adjustments. 11.15 Make ready and demonstrate feeder and delivery systems. 11.16 Demonstrate methods for achieving register by making machine adjustments. 11.17 Apply basic principles of offset press operations to produce work and turn, work and tumble and sheetwise printed products. 12.0 PERFORM FINISHING OPERATIONS--The student will be able to: 12.01 Identify the equipment and materials used in finishing/binding operation, their parts and functions and the safety rules relating to their operation. 12.02 Identify basic principles of finishing/binding operations pertaining to pre-press paper cutting, post press paper cutting and post bindery cutting (after folding, stitching, etc.). 12.03 Apply basic principles of finishing/binding operations pertaining to sheet cutting. 12.04 Identify basic principles of finishing/binding operations pertaining to grain, caliper and finish (coated or uncoated or paper). 12.05 Identify basic principles of finishing/binding operations pertaining to signature configurations for sheet and web presses. 12.06 Apply basic principles of finishing/binding operations pertaining to folding. 12.07 Apply basic principles of finishing/binding operations pertaining to scoring and perforating. 12.08 Identify basic principles of finishing/binding operations pertaining to collating and gathering. 12.09 Identify basic principles of finishing/binding operations pertaining to binding alternatives (saddle, side, perfect, comb, spiral, case, etc.). 12.10 Identify basic principles of finishing/binding operations pertaining to adhesive binding (padding and fan-apart). 13.0 DEMONSTRATE APPROPRIATE COMMUNICATION SKILLS--The student will be able to: 13.01 Write logical and understandable statements, or phrases, to accurately fill out forms/invoices commonly used in business and industry. 13.02 Read and understand graphs, charts, diagrams, and tables commonly used in this industry/occupation area. 13.03 Read and follow written and oral instructions. 13.04 Answer and ask questions coherently and concisely. 13.05 Read critically by recognizing assumptions and implications and by evaluating ideas. 13.06 Demonstrate appropriate telephone/communication skills. 14.0 DEMONSTRATE APPROPRIATE MATH SKILLS--The student will be able to: 14.01 Solve problems for volume, weight, area, circumference and perimeter measurements for rectangles, squares, and cylinders. 14.02 Measure tolerance(s) on horizontal and vertical surfaces using millimeters, centimeters, feet and inches. 14.03 Add, subtract, multiply and divide using fractions, decimals, and whole numbers. 14.04 Determine the correct purchase price, to include sales tax for a materials list containing a minimum of six items. 14.05 Demonstrate an understanding of federal, state and local taxes and their computation. 15.0 DEMONSTRATE APPROPRIATE UNDERSTANDING OF BASIC SCIENCE-- The student will be able to: 15.01 Understand molecular action as a result of temperature extremes, chemical reaction, and moisture content. 15.02 Draw conclusions or make inferences from data. 15.03 Identify health related problems which may result from exposure to work related chemicals and hazardous materials, and know the proper precautions required for handling such materials. 15.04 Understand pressure measurement in terms of P.S.I., inches of mercury, and K.P.A. 16.0 PERFORM EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS--The student will be able to: 16.01 Conduct a job search. 16.02 Secure information about a job. 16.03 Identify documents that may be required when applying for a job. 16.04 Complete a job application form correctly. 16.05 Demonstrate competence in job interview techniques. 16.06 Identify or demonstrate appropriate responses to criticism from employer, supervisor, or other persons. 16.07 Identify acceptable work habits. 16.08 Demonstrate knowledge of how to make job changes. 16.09 Demonstrate acceptable employee health habits. 16.10 Interview job applicants. 16.11 Develop and monitor safe and efficient work practices. 16.12 Stimulate, motivate and direct the development of others. 16.13 Interact affectively with customers and vendors. 16.14 Demonstrate a knowledge of the "Florida Right-To-Know Law" as recorded in Florida Statutes Chapter 442. 17.0 DEMONSTRATE AN UNDERSTANDING OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP--The student will be able to: 17.01 Define entrepreneurship. 17.02 Describe the importance of entrepreneurship to the American economy. 17.03 List the advantages and disadvantages of business ownership. 17.04 Identify the risks involved in ownership of a business. 17.05 Identify the necessary personal characteristics of a successful entrepreneur. 17.06 Identify the business skills needed to operate a small business efficiently and effectively.
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