Liberalism: Institutions and Interdependence

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					Liberalism: Institutions
and Interdependence
PLSC 370
Lecture 7
Policy Papers
   Due a week from Thursday
   4 pages (be concise); double spaced
   Identify an important problem
   Propose and defend a policy derived from
    IR theory
    – Well argued, logical defense of a policy
    – NOT a polemic!!!
   Be persuasive!!!
   Examples???
Counterfactuals

   Democratic peace examples
   Causality arguments imply
    counterfactuals
   If a dictator took over Canada, would
    the US militarize and/or worry about
    Canada?
   If Iraq becomes a democracy, will
    Israeli-Iraqi relations get better?
Economic
Interdependence
   Why do states trade? Comparative
    advantage.
   Kant argued that commerce does not exist
    side by side with war. Hurting you is
    hurting me
   But neorealism pointed out some good
    reasons why cooperation (and trade
    requires cooperation) is difficult. How can
    states cooperate economically?
International Institutions

   What is an intergovernmental organization?
   How IGOs lead to peace:
    – Coercing norm-breakers. Overcomes collective
      action problems with punishment
    – Mediate conflict among parties.
      Impartiality=legitimacy
    – Transparency. Reduce uncertainty and relay
      information
Realist Response
   Crude critique:
    – International institutions are irrelevant.
      Interdependence has no effect
    – Security trumps all else
    – Waltz points out that there was very high
      interdependence before WWI
   Sophisticated critique:
    – International institutions and trade are set up to
      benefit the more powerful countries
    – LDCs and infant industries can be disadvantaged
Your Task

   Come up with a research design to
    test your group’s particular aspect of
    liberalism
   The “data bank” is open
   How will you differentiate between the
    effect of democracy, trade, and
    international institutions?

				
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