DEFENCE SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY by 9Y26bR

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 20

									                   MIND THE GAP -
                   CLOSE THE GAP:

       MEETING THE NATION’S NEED FOR
           DEFENCE SCIENCE AND
               TECHNOLOGY



                   PRESENTED BY THE CSIR



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                   Purpose of Submission
    1. To indicate the gap between
       Government’s initial policy position and
       the implementation status of Defence
       Science, Engineering and technology
       (SET)
    2. To highlight emergent policy and
       direction, including developments in SET
       policy
    3. To propose a way to close the gap

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                Introduction:
        Changing Scenario for Defence
       Increased involvement in peace support
        operations (PSO) poses new
        challenges to the science, engineering
        and technology (SET) support base of
        DoD
       Rapid technological advances leading
        to new threats, challenges and
        opportunities
       Gap developing between available SET
        and required SET capabilities

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            Introduction: Defence SET
    Increasing importance of Defence SET-
     base as an integral part of national SET-
     base:
        – Represents a leading component of
          National System of Innovation
        – Should play a leading role in promoting
          SET across Africa in line with African Union
          and NePAD principles
        – Important role to play in promoting human
          security


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     Policy guidance for defence SET
   White Paper on Defence (1996):
       – SANDF balanced, modern, affordable and
         technologically advanced military force
       – Government will not endanger lives of military
         through the provision of inadequate or inferior
         equipment
   White Paper on Defence-Related Industry (1999):
       – Limited self-sufficiency in certain strategic
         armaments production and supporting
         technologies to be maintained



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  White Paper on Defence-Related Industry:
       Strategic Technology Retention
        Government will consider retaining strategic,
         non-profitable facilities in public sector. This
         includes:
            – Defence research and development facilities
            – Test ranges and test laboratories
        Defence Industry driven by military-technical
         considerations
        Technology of strategic importance will be
         retained by public funding in a Defence
         Evaluation and Research Institute (DERI)




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                   DoD Budget Vote:
                        (8 Jun 04)


  White Paper on Defence Industry to be
   reviewed:
      – ‘We must guarantee ongoing work in
        research and development without which SA
        will not be able to maintain our leading
        position..’
      – Approach informed by the need to increase
        collaboration with nations of the South



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                   National Research and
                   Development Strategy
                          (August 2002)

    Highlights President’s envisaged increase
     in governmental spending on human
     resource development in science and
     technology as well on research and
     development
    Double government spending on science
     and technology in real terms over three
     years


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    Recent SET Policy Developments
  Minister of Trade & Industry announced a
   dedicated aerospace and defence industry
   support initiative
      – Will unlock potential of sector which is
        considered key for stimulating investment
        and economic growth
      – Initiative will include establishing national
        aerospace centres of excellence



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                   Identifying the GAP
    In the light of the preceding policy directions,
      the Gap is the absence of:
    • An appropriate national defence SET
      organisation
    • A regulatory framework
    • A national defence SET strategy
    • High level SET champions
    • Proper alignment between defence SET,
      DST and DTI SET initiatives

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            Consequences of the GAP
    Losing critical technology capabilities and
     slipping back to become a technology colony
    Not replacing the white and greying senior
     scientists and engineers with a new generation
     of leading edge technical contributors and
     systems engineers on which our future defence
     and industrial competitiveness will be build
    Not harnessing the capabilities of defence SET
     optimally for the nation



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                   Need for Defence SET
     Most democracies have publicly owned
      and funded Defence SET capabilities
     Formulation of a national defence
      technology strategy will prevent
      technological isolation and dependence
      on foreign military equipment suppliers
      (becoming a technology colony)




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          Required SET Support to DoD
     Smart Buyer
         – During procurement and acquisition
     Smart User
         – Optimum adaptation to changing requirements
           and environments
     Smart Decision-Maker
         – Develop insights derived from sound scientific,
           engineering and technological analyses
    All the above underpinned by the state’s ‘in-house’
       defence research capability


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           Required Characteristics for
            Defence SET Capability
    Trustworthy by being knowledgeable,
     impartial and acting with integrity
    Accessible to DoD
    Sustainable financially
    Required people and facilities
    SET culture and career path structures
    Mandated by DoD with regard to delivery
     channels and processes
    Managing Intellectual Property without
     conflict of interest

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                     Need for DERI
     SA currently does not have a single mandated
      Defence SET grouping (referred to as SADERI in
      WPoDRI)
     We have a small SA SET-base and can not
      afford current fragmented approach
         – International experience indicates that a single
           semi-governmental organisation is best suited to
           maintain required SET capability above critical
           mass
         – Needs government-appointed governance
           structures
         – Needs to be financially supported


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                   Recommendations
    1. Additional chapter in White Paper on
       Defence to ensure closing the gap on the
       generation, retention and application of
       Defence SET
    2. Consolidation of existing State-Owned
       Defence SET capabilities into a central
       DERI – the SADERI




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             Recommendations (Cont)
  3. Expand the Role and Functions of
     SADERI:
       –    Training of Defence SET leadership and transferring
            Defence SET skills to others on continent
       –    Aligning Defence SET with DST policy – structure
            involvement according to type 1,2 and 3 research
       –    Use leading-edge nature of Defence SET to assist in
            development of human resource base for other
            government policy instruments
       –    Integrate Defence SET into National System of Innovation
       –    Be custodian of national Defence SET capabilities
       –    Use the defence SET base to make impact in human
            security as much as in state security




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               Recommendations (Cont)
 4. Create the position of Chief of Defence
    SET:
           Needed because of increasing scope and complexity
            of Defence SET
           Central DERI should have board of governance:
           •       Representatives from DoD, DTI, DST and other
                   stakeholders
           •       Chief of Defence SET to chair board
           •       Reports to wider stakeholder community
           Chief of Defence SET should act as scientific adviser
            to Minister of Defence
           Governance of Defence SET at appropriate
            level

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             Recommendations (Cont)
    5. Expand SET-base to ensure that
       Defence R & D initiatives attract people
       to SET careers in line with national HRD
       policy and grow a new generation of
       defence scientists and engineers
    6. Budget allocation to be wider than DoD
       Defence Research and Development
       Board budget and acquisition projects to
       maximise the benefit of our defence
       SET base to the nation.

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                   Questions
                      And
                   Discussion

                    Thank You
                     www.csir.co.za



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