Climate and Vegetation by 7eMca30

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									Chapter   13 Section 2


   Key Terms

            • monsoon (mahn SOON) n. a wind that changes
               direction with the change of season

            • typhoon (ty FOON) n. a tropical storm that develops
               over the Pacific Ocean, with winds that reach speeds
               greater than 74 miles per hour

            • deciduous (dee SIJ oo us) adj. falling off or shedding,
               as in leaves, seasonally or at a certain stage of
               development



                              Climate and Vegetation
Chapter   13 Section 2

   Major Climates of East Asia
                 Humid             • found in Japan, the Koreas, and eastern
                 Subtropical         China
                                   • cool winters and hot summers
                                   • abundant rain
                 Humid             • found in Japan, the Koreas, and northern
                 Continental         China
                                   • warm summers and cold winters
                 Arid and          • found in Mongolia and the northern
                 Semiarid            interior of China
                                   • very dry
                                   • very hot and very cold
                 Highland          • found in the Plateau of Tibet
                                   • cool and dry


                               Climate and Vegetation
Chapter   13 Section 2




   East Asia:
   Climate Regions




                         Climate and Vegetation
Chapter   13 Section 2




            Monsoons strongly affect the climates of East Asia.


            In summer, Pacific Ocean winds blow northwest toward
            the Asian continent, bringing:


                  • rainfall that starts in June as a drizzle
                  • hot, humid weather
                  • heavier rain in July



                                Climate and Vegetation
Chapter   13 Section 2




            In winter, dry and icy winds that start in the interior of
            northern Asia blow toward the east.



            In parts of China, the winds produce dust storms that can
            last for days.



            When they cross ocean waters, these monsoons pick up
            moisture and then drop it inland as rain or snow.



                              Climate and Vegetation
Chapter   13 Section 2




            East Asia experiences typhoons, which are similar to
            hurricanes.




            The winds and heavy rains of typhoons can cause great
            devastation and death.




                            Climate and Vegetation
Chapter   13 Section 2




   East Asia: Natural
   Vegetation




                         Climate and Vegetation
Chapter   13 Section 2




            Much of the plant life in East Asia is strong enough to
            stand seasonal differences in temperature and rainfall.




            In Japan and the Koreas, deciduous trees change color
            in the fall.




                            Climate and Vegetation
Chapter   13 Section 2




            Climate greatly affects life in East Asia.



            For example, China’s Huang River picks up loess and
            deposits it to the east on the North China Plain.



            This plain is one of the best farming areas in China, but
            when the Huang River overflows during monsoons, the
            people suffer.



                             Climate and Vegetation
Chapter   13 Section 2




            Climate also affects the diet of East Asians.



            Rice grows best in warm weather, so it is the main crop—
            and food—of people in southern China.



            In the cooler north, wheat and other grains grow better
            than rice, so people in the north eat more flour products.



                             Climate and Vegetation

								
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