Educational Theorists: Robert Gagne by WtHzUp


									“There are three principal means of acquiring
knowledge available to us: observation of
nature, reflection, and experimentation. We
rarely see these three means combined; and
for this reason, creative geniuses are not
common.” – Denis Diderot (unknown)

Created by:
Kerry Barrett
       Education
        ◦ Yale, A.B. 1937
        ◦ Brown, Ph.D. 1940

       Professor at:
        ◦ Connecticut College
        ◦ Penn State University
        ◦ Florida State University

       Director of Perceptual and Motor Skills
        Laboratory, U.S. Air Force

 Interpreted“Learning Theory” into
 “Instructional Theory” (Molenda, 2002)
 Createdeight steps for sequential
 learning (Marlow, 2001)
        the nine events of instruction
 Created
 (Molenda, 2002)
 Authored the book Conditions of
 Learning (1965)
Learning Theory:
 To study and analyze the way people learn new
 concepts and create a way of communicating
 about these different “learning skills” (Molenda,

Instructional Theory:
 The study of how to structure resources to
 assist in the education of children and adults.
 The application of learning theory. (Molenda,
       1.   Signal Learning
       2.   Stimulus/response
       3.   Chaining
       4.   Verbal association
       5.   Multiple discrimination
       6.   Concept Learning
       7.   Rule learning
       8.   Problem solving
(Marlow, 2001)
   1. A style of learning that students display when they are
        automatically responding to certain words or numbers

     2. When students are programmed to learn certain
         material in a certain way.

    3. Learning style that allow students to respond to a
        series of items that are sequential. They can consist
        of something as simple as reading a word or as
        complicated as reviewing a sentence

     4. Associating letters and symbols with sounds.

(Marlow, 2001)
  5. To be able to identify words you know in a sentence
      or paragraph to help translate the meaning of the
      reading material

   6. Students attach the meaning to a new word

   7. Students will use the method of solving a problem
       using higher level thinking and comprehension.

    8. Students will connect the first 7 processes to solve a
        problem using a hypothesis and answering
(Marlow, 2001)
** Concept learning, rule learning and problem
   solving are primary examples of how to offer
   students an open ended learning experience.
The above methods will specifically allow you to:
– Identify inductive and deductive procedures
    that students will utilize.
– Allow students to learn how to identify the
    problem along with being able to form, test,
    and revise a hypothesis (Marlow, 2001)
       1.   Gaining attention
       2.   Informing learners of the objective
       3.   Stimulating recall of prior learning
       4.   Presenting the content
       5.   Providing 'learning guidance‘
       6.   Eliciting performance
       7.   Providing feedback
       8.   Assessing performance
       9.   Enhancing retention and transfer
(Molenda, 2002)
   1.   Gagne was able to look at previous theories
        developed about education and create
        applicable teaching strategies supported by
        these theories. (Molenda, 2002)
   2.   Gagne arranged the learning activities so
        that every objective achieved is a guide
        towards the next objective. (McCowan,
   3.   Gagne developed teaching theories and
        strategies that would allow for the nurture
        of creative genius. (Unknown)
Marlow, E. (2001), Psychologies in the Reading Curriculum. Opinion
 Papers, 10.
McCowan, R.J. (1998), Origins of Competency Based Training. Center
  for Development of Human Services.
McGovern, C. Instructional Development Timeline. N.p. 2001. 28 May
  2010. <
Molenda, Michael (2002), A New Framework for Teaching in the
 Cognative Domain. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED470983)
Saba, F. Robert Gagne dies at 85. May 2002.
  28 May 2010. <
Unknown. Robert Gagnè's Nine Steps of Instruction. N.p. 1 October
  2004. 28 May 2010. <

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