Human Rights and Development: An Introduction

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					Human Rights and Development:
      An Introduction


   MEDIA AND HUMAN RIGHTS WORKSHOP
           FEBRUARY 23, 2012

     SIOBHÁN MCINERNEY-LANKFORD
     WORLD BANK NORDIC TRUST FUND
      Purpose of presentation: an introduction to the
                    following themes


o   Links between human rights
    and development
o   Approaches to integrating
    human rights in development
o   Perspectives on challenges and
    opportunities
o   World Bank approach
o   Nordic Trust Fund
  Challenges of integrating HR and development

 Normative, legal and institutional frameworks remain separate
 Few entry points identified for HR in development instruments / analysis
 Uneven policy commitment to link HR and development
 Potential political sensitivity
 Even where HR uptake exists
     not systematic or comprehensive
     rarely anchored in HR treaties
     more principles-based
     limited expertise on HRBA methodology
     research needed links between HR and
      economic outcomes
     data shortage and lack of HR measurement
    Origins of emerging convergence between human rights and
                           development

 Concerns about accountability in
    development
   Reevaluation of development
    paradigm (Sen; Voices of the Poor)
    and focus on poverty 2000/2001
   Poverty as absence of freedom and
    deprivation of rights (not just
    economic condition
   Rise of normative approaches (esp.
    bilaterals) and HRBA (UN)
   Emerging view on:
       need for accountability in service
        delivery
       link between participation and
        sustainability
       increasing overlap in development
        activities and coverage of HR
        treaties
                Legal and policy linkages

   Soft law efforts to link the two, e.g. RtD
     1968 Proclamation of Tehran
    • 1986 Declaration on the Right to Development
    • 1993 Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action


•   More recent linkages:
    •   2000 Millennium Declaration, but MDGs are HR silent
    •   2008 Accra Agenda for Action (aid effectiveness)
    •   2010 Millennium Outcome Document
    •   2011 Busan Outcome Document
Justifications for integrating HR in development
                                It’s the law!
                                Implement
                               domestic and
                               international
                                     legal
                               commitments
                                                      Greater
              Improved
                                                  accountability
             development
                                                 through reliance
            processes and
                                                  on clear rights-
            outcomes (e.g.
                                                       duties
             sustainable,
           owned, inclusive)




            International
           policy coherence                        Do no harm
            / cooperation



                                HR central to
                                development
                               objectives (new
                                 paradigm)
                                   Different donor approaches to
                                    integrating human rights in
    HR as                               development, can be                                  HR as
   primary                            overlapping / combined                                implicit
     goal                                                                                   outcome
  Human             Human Rights        Human Rights        Human Rights              Implicit Human
Rights-based        Mainstreaming         Dialogue            Projects                 Rights Work
Approaches
                                                                Projects or
Human rights an       Mainstream          Foreign policy       programmes         Agencies don’t use explicit
 explicit goal of   human rights into   and aid dialogues   directly target the    HR language but work on
  development       aid interventions    include human         realization of         similar areas (e.g.
  cooperation        across sectors.       rights issues      specific rights,           “protection”
                                                            groups or support        “empowerment” or
                     May include “do      (may involve         human rights       general “good governance”
                       no harm”          conditionality.)     organizations




                    Integrating Human Rights in Development Cooperation

                                  Source: OECD DAC Human Rights Task Team
UN Approach to HR and Development: HRBAs
      Common Understanding 2003
     World Bank approach to human rights and
                  development

 No human rights policy
 Focus: economic approaches, evidence-based
  methodology, but growing interest in distributional
  questions; redress mechanism
 Challenges:
    Legal constraints of IBRD Articles of Agreement
    Lack of empirical evidence linking HR and ec. growth / outcomes
    Different views among member countries
 Approach:
    Implicit support through activities: institutions, justice, gender,
     health, education, social protection, disabilities
    Uptake of human rights principles – participation, accountability,
     equality (equity)
World Bank Nordic Trust Fund
              Nordic Trust Fund – knowledge and
               learning initiative on HR to help WB
               develop an informed view on HR and
               how they relate to Bank operations
              Supporting countries, not monitoring,
               assessing or compliance-oriented
              Not promoting or based on HRBA
              2 track program
                 Studies and partnerships
                 28 grants, some good results emerging
Priority areas for the way forward –
     based on NTF experience
Thank
 you


        smcinerney@worldbank.org
          NTF : http://worldbank.org/nordictrustfund

				
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