1012A Tran Ch2 F10

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					Economics 1012A        (Fall 2010)                   Lab Chapter Questions:                 Chapter 2
Introduction to Macroeconomics
K. Tran/D. Townley


      1) The production possibilities frontier                                          1) _______
           A) illustrates why there need not be any scarcity in the world.
           B) shows how production increases as prices rise.
           C) is the boundary between attainable and unattainable levels of
              production.
           D) is the boundary between what we want to consume and what we
              want to produce.
           E) shows prices at which production is possible and impossible.

      2) If Sam is producing at a point inside his production possibilities frontier,   2) _______
         then he
            A) is fully using all his resources and allocating his resources to their
               best use.
            B) has a high opportunity cost of moving from this point.
            C) is unaffected by costs and technology.
            D) can increase production of both goods with zero opportunity cost.
            E) must be doing the best he can with limited resources.




                                          Figure 2.1.1
      3) Complete the following sentence. In Figure 2.1.1,                              3) _______
           A) the concept of decreasing opportunity cost is illustrated.
           B) movement from C to B would require a technological
              improvement.
           C) point B is a point of production efficiency.
           D) some resources must be unused at point C.
           E) movement from A to B would require a technological advance.

      4) Ted chooses to study for his economics exam instead of going to the            4) _______
         concert. The concert he will miss is Ted's ________ of studying for the
         exam.
           A) comparative cost
           B) opportunity cost
           C) discretionary cost
           D) absolute cost
           E) monetary cost
5) The concept of opportunity cost                                               5) _______
     A) implies that when a person is more efficient in the production of
        one good, he should produce that good and exchange it for some
        good that he is relatively less efficient at producing.
     B) implies that because productive resources are scarce, we must give
        up some of one good to acquire more of another.
     C) explains that goods are swapped for other goods.
     D) is measured by the amount of the money costs of an activity.
     E) implies that a double coincidence of wants must be present for
        exchange to take place.

6) Which of the following quotations best illustrates a tradeoff?                6) _______
    A) "If the firm invests more in capital equipment, it can expand sales
       next year."
    B) "The firm has been able to lower costs due to its extensive
       experience in building widgets."
    C) "If the firm reorganized its production process, it could produce
       more widgets and more gadgets."
    D) "The firm should sell more gadgets, even if it means less widget
       sales."
    E) "The more and more gadgets the firm produces, the bigger the fall
       in widget production."

7) A medical clinic has 10 workers. Each worker can produce a maximum            7) _______
   of either 2 units of medical services or 5 units of secretarial services a
   day. One day, the firm decides it would like to produce 10 units of
   medical services and 30 units of secretarial services. This output level is
     A) efficient.
      B) costless.
      C) inefficient.
     D) is attainable if the firm reduces the number of its workers.
      E) unattainable.

8) The bowed-out (concave) shape of a production possibilities frontier          8) _______
     A) is due to capital accumulation.
     B) is due to technological change.
     C) reflects the existence of decreasing opportunity cost.
     D) reflects the existence of increasing opportunity cost.
     E) is due to the equal usefulness of resources in all activities.
                                      Figure 2.1.2

 9) Refer to the production possibilities frontier in Figure 2.1.2. At point A,   9) _______
    the opportunity cost of increasing production of Y to 80 units is
      A) 2 units of X.
       B) 3 units of X.
      C) 80 units of Y.
      D) 10 units of Y.
       E) 1 unit of X.




                                      Figure 2.1.3

10) Refer to the production possibilities frontier in Figure 2.1.3. The           10) ______
    opportunity cost of moving from C to B will be
      A) less than moving from D to C but greater than moving from B to A.
      B) greater than moving from D to C but less than moving from B to A.
      C) the same as moving from D to C or moving from B to A.
      D) greater than moving either from D to C or from B to A.
      E) neither greater than moving from D to C nor moving from B to A.

11) The quantity of shoes produced is measured along the x-axis of a bowed        11) ______
    outward production possibilities frontier and the quantity of shirts
    produced is measured along the y-axis. As you move down towards the
    right along the production possibilities frontier, the marginal cost of
       A) a pair of shoes decreases.
       B) a shirt increases.
       C) a shirt decreases.
       D) a pair of shoes increases.
       E) a pair of shoes and a shirt is equal at the midpoint between the
          x-axis and the y-axis.
       12) Which of the following is true regarding marginal benefit?                12) ______
           I. The marginal benefit curve shows the benefit firms receive by
           producing another
           unit of a good.
           II. Marginal benefit increases as more and more of a good is consumed.
           III. Marginal benefit is the maximum amount a person is willing to pay
           to
           obtain one more unit of a good.
              A) I and II.
               B) I, II, and III.
              C) III only.
              D) I and III.
               E) I only.

Use the figure below to answer the following questions.




                                               Figure 2.2.1

       13) In Figure 2.2.1, when 2,000 bicycles are produced each month              13) ______
             A) the marginal benefit from another bicycle is greater than the
                 marginal cost of another bicycle.
              B) more bicycles must be produced to reach the efficient level of
                 output.
              C) fewer bicycles must be produced to reach the efficient level of
                 output.
             D) the economy is efficient at this level of production of bicycles.
              E) both A and B.

       14) Allocative efficiency refers to a situation where                         14) ______
             A) goods and services are produced at the lowest possible cost and in
                the quantities that provide the greatest possible benefit.
             B) opportunity costs are equal.
             C) we cannot produce more of any one good without giving up some
                other good.
             D) opportunity cost is zero.
             E) none of the above.
15) In general, if country A is accumulating capital at a faster rate than       15) ______
    country B, then country A
      A) will have a higher rate of inflation than country B.
       B) will soon have a comparative advantage in the production of most
          goods.
       C) will have more unemployment than country B.
      D) is using a larger proportion of resources to produce consumption
          goods.
       E) will have a production possibilities frontier that is shifting out
          faster than country B's.

16) Which one of the following would likely shift a production possibilities     16) ______
    frontier inward?
      A) A drought.
       B) Technological change.
       C) A decrease in the price of natural resources.
      D) All of the above
       E) None of the above, because production possibility frontiers do not
          shift inward.

17) A movement along the production possibilities frontier will result from      17) ______
      A) change in the stock of capital.
      B) change in the labour force.
      C) technological change.
      D) all of the above.
      E) none of the above.

18) The depletion of fish stocks in Eastern Canada, with its accompanying        18) ______
    unemployment, will lead to a
      A) movement along the existing production possibilities frontier to a
         point of less fish production.
      B) movement from the existing production possibilities frontier to a
         point inside the production possibilities frontier.
      C) shift inward of the existing production possibilities frontier plus a
         movement to a point inside the new production possibilities
         frontier.
      D) shift inward of the existing production possibilities frontier.
      E) shift outward of the existing production possibilities frontier.

19) Individuals A and B can both produce goods X and Y. Individual A has         19) ______
    a comparative advantage in the production of X if
       A) the amount by which A must reduce production of Y is less than
          the amount by which B must reduce production of Y to produce an
          additional unit of X.
       B) A has a preference to consume X.
       C) A is faster than B at producing X.
       D) the amount by which A must reduce production of Y is more than
          the amount by which B must reduce production of Y to produce an
          additional unit of X.
       E) B has superior knowledge about how to produce X.

20) Debra has an absolute advantage in producing a good when she                 20) ______
             A) has a comparative advantage in producing that good.
             B) has better technology than anyone else.
             C) can produce more of that good than anyone else, using the same
                quantity of inputs.
             D) has exclusive rights to sell that good.
             E) can produce the good at lower opportunity cost than anyone else.

Use the information below to answer the following questions.

Fact 2.4.1

In an eight-hour day, Andy can produce either 24 loaves of bread or 8 kilograms of butter. In an
eight-hour day, Rolfe can produce either 8 loaves of bread or 8 kilograms of butter.

       21) Given Fact 2.4.1, the opportunity cost of producing 1 loaf of bread is     21) ______
             A) 3 kilograms of butter for Andy and 1 kilogram of butter for Rolfe.
             B) 8 kilograms of butter for both Andy and Rolfe.
             C) 1/3 kilogram of butter for Andy and 1 kilogram of butter for Rolfe.
             D) 20 minutes (1/3 hour) for Andy and 1 hour for Rolfe.
             E) not calculable from the given information.

       22) From Fact 2.4.1, we know that                                              22) ______
             A) Andy has the lower opportunity cost of producing both bread and
                butter.
             B) Andy has the lower opportunity cost of producing bread, while
                Rolfe has the lower opportunity cost of producing butter.
             C) Andy has the lower opportunity cost of producing butter, while
                Rolfe has the lower opportunity cost of producing bread.
             D) Andy has the lower opportunity cost of producing bread, while
                Andy and Rolfe have equal opportunity costs of producing butter.
             E) Andy has the higher opportunity cost of producing both bread and
                butter.

       23) Refer to Fact 2.4.1. Which one of the following statements is true?        23) ______
             A) Rolfe has a comparative advantage in bread production.
             B) Andy has a comparative advantage in bread production.
             C) Rolfe has an absolute advantage in butter production.
             D) Andy has a comparative advantage in butter production.
             E) Andy has an absolute advantage in butter production.

       24) Refer to Fact 2.4.1. The opportunity cost of producing 1 kilogram of       24) ______
           butter is
             A) 1 hour for Andy and 1 hour for Rolfe.
             B) 20 minutes (1/3 hour) for Andy and 1 hour for Rolfe.
             C) 3 loaves of bread for Andy and 1/3 loaf of bread for Rolfe.
             D) 8 loaves of bread for Rolfe and 24 loaves of bread for Andy.
             E) 3 loaves of bread for Andy and 1 loaf of bread for Rolfe.




       25) Given Fact 2.4.1, Andy and Rolfe                                           25) ______
      A) cannot gain from trade.
      B) can trade, but only Andy will gain.
      C) can gain from trade if Andy specializes in bread production and
         Rolfe specializes in butter production.
      D) can gain from trade if Andy specializes in butter production and
         Rolfe specializes in bread production.
      E) can trade, but only Rolfe will gain.

26) Consider Fact 2.4.1. After specialization, total consumption will          26) ______
      A) be 8 loaves of bread and 8 kilograms of butter.
      B) be 24 loaves of bread and 8 kilograms of butter.
      C) depend on the preferences of Andy and Rolfe.
      D) be 32 loaves of bread and 16 kilograms of butter.
      E) be 8 loaves of bread and 24 kilograms of butter.

27) The flows in the market economy that go from firms to households are       27) ______
    ________.
    The flows in the market economy that go from households to firms are
    ________.
      A) all flowing through goods markets; all flowing through factor
         markets
      B) all flowing through factor markets; all flowing through goods
         markets
      C) the real flows of goods and services and the real flows of labour,
         land, capital and entrepreneurship; the income flows of wages,
         rent, interest, and profits and the flow of expenditure on goods
         and services
      D) the real flows of goods and services and the income flows of
         wages, rent, interest and profits; the real flows of labour, land,
         capital and entrepreneurship and the flow of expenditure on
         goods and services
      E) the income flows of wages, rent, interest, and profits and the flow
         of expenditure on goods and services; the real flows of goods and
         services and the real flows of labour, land, capital and
         entrepreneurship

				
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