Introduction to ArcGIS by SY096G2


Introduction to ArcView 8
       Shelly McCoy
                          March 13, 2003
            Workshop Topics
   What is GIS?
   Data used in ArcGIS
   Performing basic operations in ArcGIS
   Looking at table data
   Symbolizing
   Making queries
   Making a layout
   Campus Resources
                        What is GIS?
   A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer-based tool for
    mapping and analyzing things that exist and events that happen on Earth.
    About 80% of all data have a spatial component.

   GIS technology integrates common database operations such as query
    and statistical analysis with the unique visualisation and geographic
    analysis benefits offered by maps.

    GIS is more than just data and maps.
    GIS is…
    “an organized collection of computer hardware, software, data, and
    personnel designed to efficiently capture, store, update, manipulate,
    analyze, and display all forms of geographically referenced information.” -

   It is customizable to meet the application needs of the users forming a
    powerful network of information that facilitates the sharing of data for
    better decision-making.
            Simply said:
Geographic »       maps
Information »      data
System      »      digital

 A GIS links information to geographic
 location (connects the what to the where),
 allowing you to seek patterns and
 relationships that may not otherwise be
     What GIS Can Do for You?
   Capture
   Storage
   Query
   Analyze
   Display
   Output
    Major Companies Using GIS
   Federal Agencies       Ace Hardware
   Chase Manhattan        Gold’s Gym
   Sears Roebuck &        US Postal Service
    Co.                    Minolta Corp.
   Domino’s Pizza         Conectiv
            UPS
   MBNA                   AAA
   Metropolitan Life      State/Local Gov’t
   Police and Fire
                 GIS uses more than
                just geographic data:
Start with geographic data, such as a county
Attribute data that has a relationship to this county can
 mean monthly humidity

 average rainfall

 average feet of beach erosion per year

 population and demographics

 zip codes, census tracts, etc.

By mapping more than one county that has these attributes, a
new map can be produced to show the comparison between
the attribute data.
Geographic Data
           Descriptive Data
Chris Buhi          1757 Millbrook Ln      28226   Y   2
Christian Carlson   1761 Millbrook Ln      28226   Y   1
Chris McGuire       1765 Millbrook Ln      28226   Y   2
Dale Loberger       1776 Millbrook Ln      28226   N   6
Donna Buccini       1780 Millbrook Ln      28226   Y   2
Doug Ruppel         1537 Sandberry Dr      28226   Y   1
Gary Waters         1541 Sandberry Dr      28226   Y   3
Holly Williams      1200 Yamasee Dr        28210   Y   4
Jim Wojcik          980 Harrowfield Rd     28226   N   1
Jo-Ann Brown        1812 Millbrook Ln      28226   N   2
Joe Rubisch         1090 Overhill Dr       28112   Y   4
Larry Young         1108 Kings Canyon Dr 28226     Y   3
Lee Ross            1605 Bosham Ln         28226   Y   2
Marcia Austin       1429 Quail Wood Dr     28226   Y   2
Mary Jo Fraley      1432 Quail Wood Dr     28226   Y   1
Mike Dyer           1430 Quail Wood Dr     28226   Y   3
Mike Rhoades        1332 Cameron Forest Dr 28173   Y   3
Mike Sweeney        1327 Red Hickory Ln    28173   Y   2
Paul Gallimore      1429 Buckeye Ct        28173   Y   2
  Geographic Information
                   N        Donna Buccini
                   6        1780 Millbrook Ln
                                         Jo-Ann Bro
                                         1812 Millbr
Christian Carlson
1761 Millbrook Ln
Y                 Chris McGuire
1                 1765 Millbrook Ln
        Possibly the most important
      component of a GIS is the data.

A GIS will integrate spatial data with other
  data resources, such as spreadsheets
  used by most organizations to organize
  and maintain their data, to manage
  spatial data.
         A bit about data
Layers can be
  features or


    Where do you get this data?
   GIS

    • Morris Library, RDMS, or

   Internet

   Colleagues

   YOU provide it!
         Data Formats in ArcGIS
   Shapefile                 Rasters
   Coverage                   ESRI® GRID
   Geodatabase                ERDAS Imagine (.IMG)
   ArcIMS Feature Services    Windows Bitmap (.BMP)
   ArcIMS Map Services        ER Mapper (.ERS)
   Geography Network          Graphic Interchange
   Text files (.TXT)           Format, GIF (.GIF)
   OLE DB tables              ADRG Image (.IMG)
   PMF                        JPEG File Interchange
                                Format, JIFF (.JPG)
                               Portable Network Graphics
                               LizardTech MrSID (.SID)
                               Tagged Image File Format,
                                TIFF (.TIF)
    ArcGIS has a three part
   ArcCatalog – for navigating spatial

   ArcMap – for creating presentation

   ArcToolbox – powerful
    geoprocessing tools
             UD GIS Resources
   GIS@UD Website (
    • Morris Library Digital Mapping Station
    • UD-GIS listserv
    • User Services – User Ed Classes GIS
    • ESRI Virtual Campus
      – GIS Technology Courses

   Contact John Callahan if
    you would like a copy of the software
I would like to acknowledge that some slides were taken from
   the following PowerPoint presentations:
   ESRI. Implementing a Successful GIS Program
     • Ann Johnson,
     • Milton Ospina, mospina @esri. .com
   Tina Callahan’s Introduction to ArcGIS workshop

The class exercise that accompanies this workshop
    may be downloaded from:

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