Free transcript, for Legal purposes please refer to original Spanish version
Approved Regulation of Hydrocarbons Exploration and Exploitation Activities
SUPREME DECREE Nº 032-2004-EM
CONCORDANCE: R. N° 088-2005-OS-CD (Emergency report of Hydrocarbon activities)
D.S. Nº 081-2007-EM, Appendix 1, Art. 35
R. N° 678-2008-OS-CD, Appendix I (Procedure for the submission of
information about easements for the construction and operation of Pipeline Transportation of
THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC
That, the article 33 of the Organic Hydrocarbon Law, Law Nº 26221, stipulates that the
Ministry of Energy and Mines will issue rules regarding the technical aspects of facilities and
operations of exploration and exploitation of both surface and subsurface and security;
That, by Supreme Decree Nº 055-93-EM, was approved the Regulation of Hydrocarbon
Exploration and Exploitation Activities;
That, new assumptions and requirements make it necessary to update the rules about
hydrocarbons exploration and exploitation to ensure the efficient exploitation of our hydrocarbon
reserves, the integrity of the human person and the preservation of the environment in which these
activities take place;
Under the Law Nº 26221 and exercising the powers provided in sections 8) and 24) of
Article 118 of the Political Constitution of Peru;
Article 1.- Of the approval of the Regulation of Hydrocarbon Exploration and Exploitation
To approve the Regulation of Hydrocarbons Exploration and Exploitation Activities, the
same containing seven (7) Titles, sixteen (16) Chapters, three hundred thirteen (313) Articles, four
(4) Supplementary Provisions, four (4) Transitory Provisions and one (1) Appendix, which forms an
integral part of this Supreme Decree.
Article 2.- Of the Repeal of the Supreme Decree Nº 055-93-EM
Repeal the Supreme Decree N º 055-93-EM that approved the Regulation of Hydrocarbons
Exploration and Exploitation Activities and provisions that are contrary to the provisions of this
Article 3.- Of the Endorsement
This Supreme Decree is endorsed by the Minister of Energy and Mines.
Issued at Government House in Lima, on the eighteenth day, of the month of August, of the
year two thousand four.
Constitutional President of the Republic
JAIME QUIJANDRÍA SALMÓN
Minister of Energy and Mines
REGULATION OF HYDROCARBON EXPLORATION AND EXPLOITATOIN ACTIVITIES
TITLE I General Provisions
TITLE II Safety, Health and Environment
Chapter I General Provisions
Chapter II Safety and Health
Chapter III Environment
Chapter IV Safety and Health Conditions in the Camps
TITLE III Exploration
Chapter I Exploratory Activities
Chapter II Explosives Handling
TITLE IV Drilling
Chapter I Instalation of the Drilling Equipment
Chapter II Well Drilling
Chapter III Safety Aspects for Drilling and Well Service
Chapter IV Well Completion
Chapter V Well Abandonment
TITLE V Producción
Chapter I General Production
Chapter II Production Equipment
Chapter III Production Operations
Chapter IV Safety Measures in Production Wells
Chapter V Fiscalized Hydrocarbon Measurement
TITLE VI Information, infringements and penalties
TITLE VII Use of Public and Private Property Goods
Appendex A National Technical Rules
Article 1.- Purpose
This Regulation is issued under the provisions of Article 33 of the Organic Hydrocarbon
Law, Law Nº 26221, and aims to regulate the Hydrocarbons Exploration and Exploitation activities
at the national level, in order to get the Maximum Efficiency Recovery of Hydrocarbon Reservoirs,
within the conditions for safe operation and environmental protection.
This Regulation applies to Contractors, who in turn, are responsible for compliance with it
by their Subcontractors.
Article 2.- Definitions
As appropriate, the definitions in the Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations of the
Hydrocarbon Sub sector are applicable as are not provided for in this Regulation. In case of
discrepancy between the definitions contained in both rules prevail the Regulation.
For the purposes of this Regulation and in addition to those contained in the Glossary of
Terms of the Hydrocarbon Sub Sector, will be considered the following definitions and acronyms:
Well Abandonment: Works that are made to leave sealed and in safe conditions a Well.
Capacity: Measurement of the rest amount of Liquid Hydrocarbons in calibrated tanks and
in standard conditions of pressure and temperature.
Natural Gas Storage in Reservoirs: Injection of gas in depleted reservoirs for storage
purposes for later use.
Risk Analysis: The study to assess the potential dangers and their possible effect on an
existing plant or a project, in order to establish preventive and protective measures.
These studies should be conducted by qualified professional associations of the own
Contractor or consulting firms or external consultants duly registered in OSINERG.
Bentonite: Natural clay, a component of drilling Muds.
BES: In the Exploitation activity is the unit of electrical submersible artificial pumping.
Artificial pumping or Artificial Uplift: Techniques used for the Wells to continue producing
financially when their energy is not sufficient to produce in natural upwelling
First Aid Kit: Provision of tools and medicines necessary to meet the emergency health
risks from specific area or type of work being performed and should be inspected periodically by the
company's medical Staff.
Wellhead: Steel unit with a set of valves and connections supporting the pipelines of a Well
from subsurface, allows to control their pressure and put into production or injection from the
surface (Christmas Tree).
Standard Conditions: Temperature of fifteen degrees Celsius and five hundredths degrees
Celsius -15.5 ° C (sixty degrees Fahrenheit -60 ° F) and pressure of 14,696 psi.
Coning: Irruption of water and/or gas into the productive formation zones of the Well due to
decreased of its pressure flowing, creating a flow cone-shaped around the oil Well.
Data: General Information about works carried out, occurrences, statistics and samples
obtained during Hydrocarbons Exploration and Exploitation activities.
Degasser: Equipment used to extract gas from the Mud in the process of normalizing its
weight to allow continued use of this fluid during the drilling of a Well.
Desander: Equipment used to extract sand from the drilling Mud.
Desilter: Equipment used to remove fine particles to drilling Mud.
DICAPI: General Directorate of Captaincy and Coast Guard of the Navy of Peru,
Implementing Agency of the Ministry of Defence.
DGAAE: General Directorate of Environmental Energy Affairs.
DGH: General Directorate of Hydrocarbons.
DGTA: Air Transport General Directorate.
Tripper: Person in charge of handling and detonation of explosives.
Engravable: Technique of placing a sand filter between the Casing and Tubing to avoid
operational problems in the production of a Well.
Drilling Equipment: Set of operational units (motors, winch, winches, pumps, generators,
drill pipe, treatment plants, tanks, etc.), With cross-functional teams related to the purpose of
carrying out drilling of Wells.
Stimulation: Treatment of the productive formation of a Well in order to improve productivity.
Choke: A device fitted to the wellhead of a Well to reduce the diameter of flow area of fluid
from an oil or gas Well, in order to regulate the output of the same.
Evaluation: Works carried out in the Well to determine its capacity to produce
Hydraulic Fracturing: A technique due to generate hydraulically a fracture in the formation in
order to improve its Permeability in the area adjacent to the Well.
Font: Current ground water coming through a natural opening where the water line
intersects the surface.
Gas Lift: Artificial production system whose energy is supplied by the Natural Gas high
pressure, which relieves the hydrostatic column of the Well, allowing fluids to rise to the surface.
GOR: Gas-oil ratio in m3/m3 or cubic feet per barrel, measured at Standard Conditions.
Incident: Occurrence, uncontrolled escape or discharge of Hazardous Material that does not
cause fire, explosion, death or personal injury, but that causes or could have caused damage to
property or the environment.
Geophysical Data: Data originated from a geophysical activity.
Processed Geophysical Data: Data from the field which has been applied to a sequence of
processing seismic records in paper or digital format.
Injection: Work carried out for injecting water, Natural Gas, nitrogen or polymers to
formations with Reserves remaining Hydrocarbons for purposes of pressure maintenance,
secondary recovery and in the case of Natural Gas for storage purposes.
IPEN: Peruvian Institute of Nuclear Energy.
Law: Organic Hydrocarbon Law, Law Nº 26221.
Liquids of Natural Gas: liquefiable Hydrocarbons from producing formations of Natural Gas
or separation plants of liquids and/or processing of Natural Gas.
Liner (Laina): Casing of the Well that does not reach the surface. Usually covers only the
deep and productivity part of the Well and hangs from the last tube of Casing.
Mud: Circulating fluid during drilling Operations in the Well, with special features to keep it
clean, stable and controlled, and to recover lithological samples with advancing drilling.
Mast: Vertical steel structure that gives the height to the drilling equipment and Well service.
Kill a Well: Technique by which dominates and prevents the upwelling of Well fluids, caused
by the high pressure that are found.
Automatic Measurement: Determination of the amount of effluent Hydrocarbons in pipe with
meters of continue flow, suitably calibrated.
MER (Maximum Efficient Recovery): Production which allows reaching the highest technical
and economic recovery from a reservoir, in accordance with internationally accepted practices for
the Oil industry.
Well Seismic Method of Trip: Seismic technique that uses a small explosion in shallow
Wells to produce shock waves that are recorded in an exploratory or Development Well.
MINEM: Ministry of Energy and Mines
Sample: A representative volume of Fiscalized Hydrocarbons.
Operations: All Exploration and/or Exploitation activity, if any, as well as those related to
Transportation and Storage System and the Main Pipeline and other activities related to the
Contract in relation with the operation and execution thereof.
Parties: PERUPETRO and the Contractor.
Personal: The natural person linked to the Contractor through a employment or service
Well Logging: Controlled technique from the surface, that is used for measuring the
petrophysical characteristics of the formations and fluids, crossed by the Well.
Permeability: Ability of a rock or formation to let pass a fluid.
Contingency Plan: Plan developed to address spills of hydrocarbons and other
emergencies such as fires and natural disasters.
Porosity: The space between the grains that constitute a sedimentary rock. In case of
naturally fractured formation, should also consider such fractures.
Well: Cavity in the earth's crust as a result of drilling carried out to discover or produce
Hydrocarbons, to inject water or gas or other objectives.
Active Well: Well which is operated by the Contractor either continuously or sporadically in
order to recover Hydrocarbon reserves.
Artesian Well: Well in which water or oil flows to the surface without the use of bombs,
because the Reservoir pressure is greater than the hydrostatic pressure.
Development Well: The one drilled to produce Hydrocarbons in the Exploitation Phase.
Wildcat Well: One that is drilled with the purpose of discovering hydrocarbons reserves or to
determine the stratigraphy of an area in Exploration.
Confirmatory Well: One that is drilled to confirm the discovered Reserves or to delineate the
extent of a Field.
Flowing Well: The one in which the fluids come from the crossed Reservoir or Reservoirs
flow to the surface without using artificial means.
Annual Program of Safety Activities (PAAS): It is an annual document containing the
objectives and activities to develop, leading to the achievement and maintenance of security
Formation Test: Evaluation technique that is useful to determine the characteristics and
productive capacity of the formation and fluids.
Pulling: Well Service Work, which is performed to repair the subsoil equipment of Wells with
Shot Point: Location where seismic waves are produced, during the execution of seismic
work, by blasting or other methods.
Control Point: This is the place agreed by the Parties to measure of the Hydrocarbons from
the Contract Area, where and for which effect the Contractor will build, operate and dispose of
appropriate equipment and facilities for the Production Fiscalization.
Punching: Technic that allows controlled shoots from the surface with the purpose of
producing (holes in the Well to the formation to establish the respective communication.
Workover: Work carried out in the Well, in order to improve productivity by modifying the
characteristics of their productive areas.
Improved Recovery: Techniques applied to Reservoirs to increase the final recovery from
Secondary Recovery: Improved Recovery technique that involves the injection of water
and/or gas from a Reservoir or the application of new technologies in order to increase the final
recovery of Hydrocarbons.
Reglamento Interno de Seguridad Integra Internal Regulations of Integral Safety: Document
developed by the contractor itself, which contains the rules and regulations of each specific activity
of Hydrocarbons designed to regulate the course of work, for it takes place in optimal safety
Overhaul: Work carried out in Wells temporarily or permanently abandoned, in order to put
them back in activity.
Re-injection: The action of "re-inject" gas, water or other fluids to a reservoir with existence
remnants of Hydrocarbons to improve its final recovery or maintain pressure.
Strings: Group of geophones and / or hydrophones used during a seismic operation.
Seal Rock: Impermeable Rock layer that prevents migration of Hydrocarbons or fluids in
Line: Set of pipes that exert a same function.
Safety: All security disciplines and the set of technical standards and national and/or
international legislation, designed to prevent, eliminate and/or control possible causes of Accidents,
damage to the environment, industrial risk and/or occupational diseases to is exposed to Personnel
and facilities in Hydrocarbon Activities.
Separator: Equipment where Natural Gas and/or water from Liquid Hydrocarbons produced
Wells Service: Works carried out in the Well to restore its normal production regime, without
changing the source of production.
Swabbing: Swab action with cable to agitate and/or remove fluids from a Well.
Subcontractor: A natural or legal person contracted by the Contractor to carry out work
relating to the activities of the Contract.
SSU: Safety Sealing Unit. Safety sealing device to prevent spills.
Monitoring: The actions carried out by to PERUPETRO to verify compliance of Contractor's
obligations regarding the execution of the Contract.
Packers (Packers): Packers (cement or mechanical, permanent, drilled or recoverable)
used to isolate a section of the Well.
Tubing: Pipeline by which the production flows from the Well to the surface.
Casing (Casing): Pipeline designed to constitute on Well’s walls, which may be wholly or
Production Casing (Casing of Producción): Interior or operative Casing that has the Well
Surface Casing (Casing of Surface): Casing conected to the Cap and cemented that
supports weight of Well equipment.
Intermediate Casing (Casing Intermediate): Casing placed between of the Surface and of
the Production, when it is necessary to isolate problem areas in between, during the drilling of Well.
Location: Geographical location where the drilling equipment is installed to drill a Well under
conditions established where the Wellhead is, after its drilling.
Prevents Blowout Unit (BOP): Ring seal valve or gate used to avoid uncontrolled leakage of
Well fluids during Operations.
Unitization: Exploitation Agreement concluded between neighbouring Contractors to allow
efficient development in a shared Field.
Master Valve: Main control valve in the ChristmasTree of the Well.
Vibration: Vehicles specially designed to produce shock waves in the execution of Seismic
Winche: Equipment used for lifting weights with steel cable in Hydrocarbons Exploration
and Exploitation activities.
WOR: Water Oil ratio (water oil ratio).
Shoe: Bottom tip which guides a Casing or liner and is usually a check valve.
Mud Screen (or Rumba): Equipment that separates the drill cuttings from Mud by vibrating
Article 3.- Activities
Hydrocarbons Exploration and Exploitation activities covered, activities inherent to search
and discovery of Hydrocarbons, including field work in geology, drilling of Exploratory and
Development Wells, as well as Hydrocarbons Production Activities.
Article 4.- Ministry of Energy and Mines
The Minister of Energy and Mines (MINEM) is the governing body of Energy and Mining
Sector, which within the functions related to Hydrocarbons Sub Sector, has the regulatory,
developer and licensor authority. Because of this, it is up to issue additional rules in order to have
updated this Regulation.
The MINEM through HGD, within the scope of its jurisdiction, has the power to grant
concession rights as well as to grant, suspend, refuse and cancel administrative authorizations that
this regulation provides, as well as keep a record of them.
Article 5.- PERUPETRO
PERUPETRO is the state company of private law of the Energy and Mining Sector
responsible for promoting, negotiate, conclude and monitor in its quality of Contracting Party, the
Exploration and Exploitation activities in the framework of contracts signed under the Law Nº 26221
or Law Decrees Nº 22774 and Nº 22775.
Article 6.- OSINERG
OSINERG is the public body responsible for the supervision and fiscalization of compliance
with this Regulation in accordance with Article 5 of the Law creating OSINERG, Law Nº 26734, Law
Framework for Regulatory Agencies of Private Investment in Public Services, Law Nº 27332, the
Complementary Law of Institutional Strengthening of the Supervisory Board for Investment in
Energy (OSINERG), Law Nº 27699 and its related supplementary, amended and amplifying
regulations. Likewise, this entity is empowered to enact the provisions necessary to comply with this
rule within the scope of its competence.
Article 7.- Communication
The Contractor is obliged to give notice to PERUPETRO at the start, restart or termination
of its Operations, and any alteration or substantial change in its work plan.
Article 8.- Fiscalization Facilities
The Contractor is obliged to provide facilities that are within reach in the area where
Operations are performed, so that representatives of OSINERG and PERUPETRO can meet their
fiscalization and monitoring functions, without altering the normal course of its Operations.
Article 9.- Use and Easement Rights
The Contractor may request use and easement rights referred to in Articles 82, 83 and 84
of the Law and be liable to pay compensation for financial losses incurred in the exercise of such
The procedures to grant these rights will carry out according with the provisions in Title VII
of this Regulation.
SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT
Article 10.- Obligations
Notwithstanding the specific provisions contained in this Regulation, in relation to
environmental protection and safety, the Contractor and its Subcontractors shall comply with the
Regulations for Environmental Protection in Hydrocarbon Activities, approved by Supreme Decree
Nº 046-93-EM, as well as its corresponding complementary rules and amendments, in accordance
with the provisions of Article 87 of the Law and other applicable Regulations.
Article 11.- Environmental Protection
The camps and facilities meet the standards specified in the Regulations for Environmental
Protection in Hydrocarbon Activities. Staff should comply with regard to the protection of flora and
fauna, according to the provisions of aforementioned Regulation.
Article 12.- Waste
The wastes and debris produced during the Exploration and Exploitation will be handled as
outlined in the Regulations for Environmental Protection in Hydrocarbon Activities.
Article 13.- Availability of rules
To facilitate the work of OSINERG, the Contractor should have access to standards and
specifications to use during its Operations and the ones that have used in the construction of its
SAFETY AND HEALTH
Article 14.- Responsibilities
The Contractor shall be responsible for performing work in accordance with safety rules and
regulations aplicable, as well as the good work practices of oil industry.
Article 15.- Prohibition of entry unauthorized Personnel
Is prohibited the entry of Personnel to the area where these activities perform without the
permission of the Contractor.
Article 16.- Industrial safety
The Contractor will include industrial safety Personnel in field Operations. The responsibility
of the cited Personnel will include, without limitation, maintenance, monitoring and implementation
of safety guidelines, as well as safety procedures at work for different Operations.
Article 17.- Security meetings
The Contractor and its Subcontractors should organize security meetings before the
beginning of the work, having special attention, without limitation, to the following itmes:
a) First aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), fire and survival techniques practices.
b) Security equipment.
c) First aid services.
d) Access control.
e) Contingency plan.
f) Safe distances for the use of energy sources.
g) Transport security.
h) Health, alcohol and narcotics.
i) Occupational health.
j) Storage and transport of explosives, fuels and chemicals.
k) Environmental considerations.
l) Climatological considerations.
m) Water operations (if applicable).
Article 18.- Accident reporting system
The Contractor shall implement a reporting system for accidents. Maintain a monthly report
about Security management, which include accident statistics. Be responsible for maintaining and
promoting security and should perform emergency drills and security meetings.
Article 19.- Reports of unsafe conditions
The Contractor will implement a system to recognize, correct and report acts and unsafe
Article 20.- Training
The Contractor is obliged to provide permanent training to its Personnel in the following
b) Management vehicles.
c) First aids.
d) Fire practices.
e) Survival techniques.
f) Contingency Plan.
This obligation also enforceable with regard to the Subcontractors Personnel.
Similarly, the Contractor shall ensure that no Personnel member or visitor moves to the
area of Operations if previously not received a basic safety talk and reports about the nature of
Article 21.- Preparation of Annual Activity Program of Safety (PAAS)
The Contractor shall prepare and develop a PAAS, which should be submitted to OSINERG
during November of each year.
The PAAS will be formulated annually and include at least:
c. Risk Control Activities:
- Revision of work Procedures (security profiles).
- Committee Meetings.
- Safety and Working Procedures (Security Profiles).
- Theoretical and practical basic training in prevention and extinguishing of fire.
- Basic First Aid Courses.
- Safety Lectures of 5 minutes.
- Survival Courses (when correspond).
- Management and Control of Emergencies with Dangerous Material.
e. Emergencies Control:
- Inspection and Maintenance of systems, equipment and fire control materials and other
- Revision, test (simulations) and Contingency Plan Update (PDC).(*)
(*) Article amended by Article 4 of the Supreme Decree Nº 043-2007-EM, published on August 22,
2007, which reads as follow:
“Article 21.- Preparation of Annual Activity Program of Safety (PAAS)
In November each year, the Contractor shall submit to OSINERGMIN a PAAS
corresponding to the next year. The content, opportunity and procedure for the submission of the
PAAS be governed by the provisions of Security Regulation in Hydrocarbon Activities, its
amendments, substitute and complementary rules.”
Article 22.- Formulation of a Contingency Plan (PDC)
The Contractor shall formulate a Contingency Plan for its facilities, that should be aware of
its Subcontractors. A copy of this plan will be sent to OSINERG.
22.1 The PDC will include response procedures and reports for each of the different types
of emergencies that may arise at each facility. These PDC will necessarily cover the following
a. FIRE, explosion, leakage.
b. Hydrocarbons spills.
d. Emergencies with hazardous materials.
Additionally, as the case, will include plans for:
a. Flooding, mudslides or landslides.
b. Operational emergencies.
c. Accidents with multiple injured.
22.2 The existence of mutual support plans with other entities in the area, not detract from
the obligation to meet standards and applicable safety devices.
22.3 When necessary, the PDC should be coordinated with the authorities and entities
(*) Article amended by Article 4 of the Supreme Decree Nº 043-2007-EM, published on August 22,
2007, which reads as follow:
“Article 22.- Formulation of a Contingency Plan (PDC)
The Contractor shall formulate a Contingency Plan for its facilities, that should be aware of
its Subcontractors. The content, opportunity and procedure for the preparation of the Contingency
Plan shall be governed by the provisions of Law Nº 28551, Law that establishes the obligation to
prepare and submit Contingency Plans, as well as Safety Regulation in the Hydrocarbons Activities,
its amendments, substitute and complementary rules.”
Article 23.- Water operations
The Contractor will implement policies and procedures for Operations in water (sea, rivers,
lakes). These procedures include, without limitation, to: provide motor boats, lifeguard and
emergency equipment, including communications, navigation lights, emergency shutdown system
for outboard motors and good lighting for night landings and shipments. Instruction booklets should
be issued with safety procedures.
Article 24.- Rivers
The river crossings will be permitted only on points established by the Contractor which are
approved by the DICAPI.
Article 25.- Ships and aircraft
The Contractor shall apply its safety rules and procedures for Operations with ships and
aircraft. Likewise, will include types, logistics, navigation program, flight schedule program, cargo
monitoring reports of the Operations. This activity will be, as is the case, ruled by the DICAPI or
Article 26.- Prohibitions
The Contractor shall prohibit the consumption of alcohol, narcotics and other toxic
substance; ensuring that this prohibition should be widely disseminated to Personnel before starting
Article 27.- Health of the workers
The Contractor shall ensure (as far as reasonably practicable)that the contracted workers
for their Operations are healthy. The Personnel in charge of food handling and preparation will be
Article 28.- Safety standards
The Contractor shall have a work permit system for evaluating high-risk activities such as
hot work, working at heights, work in confined spaces and electrical work, and in general for all
types of activities that represent risks. This work permit system shall be considered in the Risk
Análisis and will be part of the Safety Internal Regulation.
Article 29.- Implements
The Contractor will provide clothes to the Personnel, suitable tools and protective
equipment needed for the various tasks to be performed.
Article 30.- Emergencies
In places where chemicals are handled, including battery acid, it will require at least one
emergency station for the attention of any Incident.
Article 31.- Seatbelts
The use of seat belts in vehicles and aircraft is mandatory, as well as lifeguard for water
Article 32.- Driver license
Vehicle drivers have valid driver's licenses and categories.
Article 33.- Speed limits
According to the areas where vehicles should travel, speed limits are set, which will be
located in places visible to drivers of vehicles.
Article 34.- Communications
Operational units (seismic activity, drilling, production or other) will have direct
communication (radio, telephone, etc.) With the base camp or any other operational control center.
HEALTH AND SAFETY CONDITIONS IN THE CAMPS
Article 35.- Basic conditions for Staff accommodation
The Contractor is obliged to provide to its Personnel basic conditions for accommodation in
order to guarantee the life, health and welfare of those, according to the activities undertaken and
relevant environmental requirements.
Article 36.- Priority in Staff accommodation
The Contractor is required to install with priority, appropriate accommodation at Camp to
Article 37.- Installation of the base camp
The base camp, should be installed by following these safety measures:
37.1 Should be established in areas where it is found that there is no danger of landslides
and/or dettachments, active geological faults, overflowing rivers or otherwise, which present a risk
to human life.
37.2 It will take into account the necessary safety measures to avoid endangering the lives,
integrity and health of the Personnel.
37.3 Should be placed in open areas free of fallen trees or logs that may cause accidents to
37.4 Set up camp on the high ground as the case and in the vicinity of a water source.
37.5 If it was inevitable to have be set up on wetlands, flood-prone areas or other situations
that involve risk to the health of Personnel, these conditions should be offset by appropriate actions
and / or using complementary facilities.
Article 38.- Additional facilities at base camp
The base camp, in addition to complying with the National Construction Regulations,
approved by Supreme Decree N º 063-70, VIas well as complementary rules and amendments, as
applicable, shall have with:
38.1 Doctor and First Aid Topical equipped with basic diagnostic equipment
(sphygmomanometer, stethoscope, thermometer, etc.), instrumentation for minor surgery and a
stock of medicines promptly replenished. This provision shall not be required when the base camp
is in a place where there are public medical centers properly implemented.
38.2 Radio equipment and siren for local alarm.
38.3 Adequate fire extinguishers and strategically placed in quantity and quality according
to the risks involved, as provided in this Regulation.
38.4 Roofing deposits for fuel located in a risk-free place that does not compromise the
38.5 Bedrooms, kitchen, diningroom and foodstuff deposits.
38.6 Toilets and drinking water services.
38.7 Safety equipment.
Article 39.- Provision of mobile camp
The mobile camp shall be provided with:
39.2 Camp beds with mosquito nets, where it is needed.
39.3 Care kits First Aid.
39.4 Food needed.
39.5 Safety equipment.
39.6 Fire extinguishers according to the risks involved.
39.7 Sanitary facilities as possible, which should be neutralized with a seal of calcium oxide
39.8 Communications equipment.
Article 40.- Installation location of base camps in endemic areas
The base camp should be installed in open spaces, surrounded by open area away from
any condition conducive to the development of vector insects.
Article 41.- Doors and windows protection
The doors and windows of base camp facilities located in endemic areas should be
protected with wire mesh or fine plastic mesh enough to preclude the entry of any vector insect or
other harmful animal.
Article 42.- Insecticide use in external and internal areas
The internal surfaces of the housing base camp located in an endemic area should be
sprayed with insecticides known residual action and prolonged power that do not affect Personnel.
The application period will be according to the manufacturer's instructions.
Article 43.- Appropriate hygienic conditions
The base camp located in an endemic area will have appropriate hygienic conditions that
will protect the food and water from contamination and will also have restrooms, which were located
within the same. The Personnel in charge of handling and food preparation will be periodically
Article 44.- Insecticides for tents
In the case of mobile camps installed in endemic areas, tents should be sprayed regularly
with insecticide, taking this to avoid the possibility of toxicity or flammability of the occupants.
Article 45.- Provision of mosquito nets
Each bunk bed is equipped with fine mesh mosquito net, which should periodically be
impregnated with an insecticide with residual effect.
Article 46.- Latrines in case of temporary camps
The temporary camp should have latrines close to the camp and protected against insects.
These should be impregnated with insecticides periodically in accordance with the requirements of
Article 47.- Graduated health care personnel in temporary camps
The temporary camp should have graduated health care Personnel or nurse, which should
take care of inspecting health facilities and monitoring the implementation of the rules of this
Article 48.- Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
The Contractor shall submit to the DGAAE prior to commencement of any Exploration
and/or Exploitation Activity, an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), according to the provisions
of Article 10 of Title IV of the Regulations for Environmental Protection in Hydrocarbons Activities.
Article 49.- Impact prevention
The Contractor shall made regular checks of the impact prevention and will be taken control
measures according to PMA. When necessary, additional or alternative measures will begin to
reduce unintended impact.
Article 50.- Audit
The Contractor shall conduct internal environmental audits according to PMA, and to the
Regulations for Environmental Protection in Hydrocarbon Activities.
Article 51.- Shot-Seismic
For seismic Trip Points shall be observed the rules set in the Regulation for Environmental
Protection in Hydrocarbons Activities.
Should avoid areas of unstable soils or where it is known of the existence of underground
Article 52.- Limitation of tracks
Will be limited the use of tracked vehicles or earthmoving equipment in the operationsin the
construction and maintenance of roads, construction of well platforms, pipelines or major projects
and in the case of vibrators for seismic.
Article 53.- Construction of tread
The opening of treads for seismic lines will do, if it is neccesary, according to the Regulation
for Environmental Protection in Hydrocarbons Activities. Will avoid the cutting trees where possible,
by adjusting the settings of the trip point.
Article 54.- Selection of routes with lower impact
Recognition be made prior to the marking of each seismic line, roads and pipelines to select
the route that causes the lowest impact.
In places where is necessary to cross a river, its beds and banks will be regularly inspected
and crossings will be under maintainance to prevent destabilization. Dredge or deepen not any
waterway, river or water access.
Article 55.- Limited speed of the vessels
Speed limits are set to the vessels, which will be regulated by the DICAPI, to ensure safe
operation and to prevent erosion of riverbanks.
Article 56.- Cattle protection
In areas where cattle presence is verified, it should be moved from places where seismic
loads are planned to detonate at a minimum distance of two hundred (200) meters of the seismic
line. If for reasons of space or other reason will not be possible, special supervision is required for
Article 57.- Wetlands
In case of existence of wetlands in the Contract Area, the Contractor shall prepare a
detailed plan in the EIA and PMA.
Article 58.- Disturbances in aquatic environments
The Contractor shall instruct its Personnel on how to minimize disruption, actual or
potential, of wildlife, both on land and water bodies.
Article 59.- Protection of nesting areas
Should be avoided activities or Operations in areas of nesting waterfowl and terrestrial, as
well as resting places for migratory birds, breeding of reptiles, mammals and aquatic.
Article 60.- Using air guns
The relevant EIA and PMA will provide an specific plan for each area where Air guns are
Article 61.- Prohibiting the use of explosives
According to current practices, should not be used explosives in the sea, rivers, lakes and
swamps except in exceptional cases, for which should be obtained the express authorization of the
DGAAE, which will be communicated to OSINERG.
In case deemed necessary, the DGAAE may request the technical opinion to other
competent administrative authorities.
Article 62.- Report of death or injury to animal species
If as a consequence of Exploration and/or Exploitation activities is detected evidence of
death or substantial damage to animal species, should be reported immediately to the DGAAE and
OSINERG, explaining the causes and actions taken to solve the problem.
Article 63.- Archeological sites
In the Exploration and/or Exploitation activities, will be avoid archeological sites.
Article 64.- Talks about archaeological value
Before starting Exploration and/or Exploitation activities in an area with archaeological
potential, the Personnel will be informed about the archaeological importance of the region, the
nature of an archaeological site, how to recognize, the proper procedure to report its existence and
measures for its preservation.
Article 65.- Archeological discoveries
If it is discovered a site, relics or archaeological remains, will be immediately informed of the
finding to the National Institute of Culture and PERUPETRO, who will notify OSINERG and, if
appropriate, other competent authorities.
Article 66.- Restorations of areas and property damage
Upon completion of Exploration and/or Exploitation activity, and when removed the facilities
or abandoned an area or field of Operations, the area should be restored as indicated in the EIA or
the correspondine environmental management tool.
If the natural drainage would have been affected in some way, it should be restored.
The modifications that may have been made in respect of third parties’ goods prior written
permission of the owners and/or holders, as is the case, should, if possible, returned to their original
state upon completion of the activity for which was modified.
Article 67.- Restoration of soil compaction
Areas of soil that have been compacted, should be removed in depth, to help infiltration of
water and promote natural vegetation.
Article 68.- Completion of Activities
Upon completion of Exploration and/or Exploitation activities in the Contract Area, should be
implemented the measures contained in the Abandonment Area Plan.
Article 69.- Abandonment of activity
The abandonment of any Exploration and/or Exploitation activity, should be reported to
PERUPETRO and OSINERG with thirty (30) days before the deadline and probably the latter, will
inform the competent authorities.
Article 70.- Restoration after seismic
Within three (3) months after having completed the seismic survey, the Contractor and
OSINERG verify the restoration of the area.
In determine places, will take a series of representative photographs to identify the
conditions of the Seismic Lines at regular intervals, providing a measure of its recovery.
If the Contractor carries out verifications, the results should be sent to OSINERG.
Article 71.- Information about environmental protection
Contractors shall be responsible that brochures or pamphlets summary of the
environmental protection policy be placed in conspicuous places in each camp.
Article 72.- Fuel Storage
Strictly controlled fuel storage in the camp.
The storage of fuels, lubricants and chemicals should be in a closed room, covered with
Fuel tanks should be equipped with safety valve (which is lockable to prevent unauthorized
Any leak or fuel contamination to soil or water, according to Article 80 of this Regulation
should be reported to OSINERG and MINEM proceeding to clean to prevent any threat of pollution.
Article 73.- Inventory and record of usage of fuel and pollutants
Should take an inventory of the volumes of Hydrocarbons or potential contaminants stored
in the camps, ships, boats or transported by tanker or similar.
Additionally, keep a record of use and storage of all fuels, lubricants and chemicals. Should
also register contaminated fuel.
Article 74.- Non reused Hydrocarbons treatment
The Hydrocarbons that cannot be reused should be treated according to the corresponding
Article 75.- Disposal of substances
The use, handling and disposal of chemical substances are made according to the
guidelines of Safe Handling of Chemical Substances (SHOC).
Article 76.- Waste disposal
Before leaving base camp, all waste will be collected and disposed properly in accordance
with the respective PMA.
Article 77.- Waste removal
Non-biodegradable waste from flying camps will be transported to base camp for proper
treatment according to the respective PMA.
Article 78.- Waste handling
During the execution of the activities of Hydrocarbons Exploration and Exploitation
activities, waste handling should be monitored and carried a record of the same according to PMA.
Article 79.- Imminent pollution
If If a pollution threat to groundwater happened, the Contractor shall inform OSINERG, as
well as local authorities and notify local people of the actions to take, in what was relevant.
Article 80.- Report of environmental accidents
The responsibility to report environmental accidents to OSINERG and MINEM, will
correspond to the Contractor. The report and investigation of environmental accidents is part of
If an Environmental accident occurs, it should be made aware of OSINERG and MINEM
within twenty-four (24) hours has occurred it, without prejudice to file a supplementary report within
seventy-two (72) hours of the occurrence of event. In addition, the Contractor shall give both
entities, within fifteen (15) calendar days following the occurrence of the environmental accident, a
report on which account the environmental damage caused and the measures employed to mitigate
Article 81.- Environmental accidents
Considered environmental accidents:
a) Hydrocarbons spills and/or leaks.
b) Improper treatment or disposal of waste.
c) Inadvertent cuts or removal of vegetation.
d) Loss of flora and fauna.
e) Others that affect the environment.
Article 82.- Application procedures in environmental corrective measures
In the field you should define an appropriate procedure enabling the timely implementation
of corrective measures for environmental accidents.
Article 83.- Activities
Contractors may carry out the following Exploration activities, which mention has referential
character but not limited:
a) Geophysical Studies (Magnetometry, Gravimetry, Seismic).
b) Remote Sensors Studies (aerial photos, satellite imagery, airborne radar, etc).
c) Geochemical studies.
d) Geological Survey.
e) Drilling and Well Completion.
f) Production Testing.
Article 84.- Exploratory plan
Once signed the Contract, the Contractor shall send to PERUPETRO an Exploration plan
that includes the minimum work program agreed in the contract, within forty-five (45) days before
the start of activities.
Article 85.- Seismic data
The acquisition and processing of seismic data will be conducted according to generally
accepted standards in the industry and area conditions.
Article 86.- Seismic report
The Contractor shall keep a daily report of studies or work carried out. In the case of
seismic surveys include information on the size of the explosive load, the number of shots and
accurate information about the location of the trigger points.
Reports should be available for review by PERUPETRO. (*)
(*)Paragraph amended by Article 1 of Supreme Decree Nº 088-2009-EM, published on December
12, 2009, which reads as follows:
“Daily reports will be sent to PERUPETRO when they are required by such entity.”
Article 87.- Storage of explosives
The explosives should be stored according to Rules and Procedures of the Regulation of
DISCAMEC or NFPA 495 rule, in the event of not apply the first.
Article 88.- Explosives deposits in surface
The deposits for explosives built on surface should have the following characteristics:
a) Be built with bulletproof walls, ceilings and floors covered with wood.
b) Have doors fitted with security locks and keys.
c) Have doors fitted with security locks and keys.
d) The interior should be well ventilated, dry and clean.
e) Having lilghtning protection teams (Lightning conductor).
f) Having electrical installations explosion-proof.
g) Avoid that electrical power cables and/or data pass over the deposits of explosive.
Article 89.- Storage of explosives and blasting caps
It is forbidden to keep explosives out of gunpowder or deposits. The blasting caps should
be stored at a minimum distance of one hundred (100) meters of the deposits of explosive.
Article 90.- Handling of explosives and blasting caps
The procedure to open and remove explosives and blasting caps from their original
package shall do outside the deposits.
Article 91.- Storage of boxes with explosives
The boxes that have explosives shall no put in contact with the walls. They shall pile up
according to manufacturer instructions and in no case shall reach a height greater than two (2)
Article 92.- Inspection of the deposits
Explosive deposits should be revised weekly, be provided of security ads or signs that
clearly identify them and have adequate fire extinguishers according to the rule NFPA 10.
The area surrounding the explosives deposit will be kept clear of trash, weeds or mount to
minimize fire hazards.
Is banned the presence of flammable products at distances less than twenty-five (25)
meters of the explosives deposits.
The explosives deposits will be guarded twenty-four (24) hours of the day for qualified
Article 93.- Perimeter fence in the explosive deposits
Should build a perimeter fence with barbed wire around the explosive deposits. The
distance between the fence and deposits should be twenty (20) meters. Local security conditions
may determine major requirements.
Article 94.- Return and disposal of unused explosives
The explosives not used in the maximum period of one (1) year should be returned to the
manufacturer or destroyed under its supervision, as soon as possible, according to the
manufacturer's safety procedures. If destruction is the option, records should be prepared
specifying quantity, type and final disposal of waste.
Article 95.- Responsible personnel for explosives
The deposits will be in charge of experienced Personnel in storage, transport and explosive
Article 96.- Control in delivery of explosives.
The delivery of explosives will be made to the presentation of the order duly completed and
signed by authorized Personnel. Should keep an inventory of explosives, and only be allowed entry
into the explosive deposits duly authorized persons, registering their name and signature when
entering and leaving, and the date and time of occurrence.
Article 97.- Responsible for the processing to acquire explosives
The Contractor is responsible for processing the permits for the acquisition or transportation
of explosives to the competent authority.
Article 98.- Prohibition for handling explosives
It is forbidden to transport or handle explosives under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
Article 99.- Transport of explosives and blasting caps
For the transportation of explosives and blasting caps should meet the following provisions:
a) Vehicles used to transport explosives shall be in good condition and should be inspected
b) Parts of the vehicle in contact with the explosive will be covered with suitable materials
so that no sparks.
c) In refueling the vehicle, should benoted that this is without explosive.
d) Smoking is prohibited when is carrying explosives.
e) Each vehicle used for transporting explosives shall be equipped with at least two (2)
extinguishers of 2.5 kg., fully charged and in good condition.
f) Vehicles transporting explosives shall avoid transit through areas of congestion of
population and, if possible, not be carried explosives during the night.
g) The explosives and blasting caps should be transported separately and in different
vehicles, in wooden boxes to prevent electromagnetic induction.
h) It is banned the use of the radio when you are carrying blasting caps.
i) Vehicles transporting explosives shall not park in populated areas or camps.
Article 100.- Personnel of security in the transport of explosives
Security personnel will accompany the transport of explosives from the reception point to its
final destination. The security Personnel will sign the referral guide specifying the quantities of
explosives both delivery/departure and the reception/arrival.
Article 101.- Analogies of rules in different means of transport
For cases of water and air transport will be used similar rules to those set out in the case of
Article 102.- Qualified personnel for loading and detonation
Personnel responsible for loading and detonation of explosives (trigger) should be properly
trained and qualified in the handling, storage, preparation and use of explosives.
Prior to the commencement of seismic Operations, Trigger assitant Personnel, security
Personnel and others who may have contact with explosives, should receive appropriate training.
Article 103.- Operations with explosives.
Operations with explosvies will be conducted and executed by experienced Personnel,
trained and competent. Personnel who handle explosives should:
a) Demonstrated that have the necessary knowledge.
b) Being able to make good and safe choices in every situation.
c) To be in optimum health conditions and not be addicted to any toxic, narcotic or drug
d) Having knowledge of the local rules, Laws and regulations applicable to work.
e) Have obtained a certificate for the use of explosives, given by the DICSCAMEC or entity
that replaces it.
Article 104.- Implementation of technical rules and regulations
Rules, techniques and specifications that used in the drilling of wells, both in the Exploration
or Exploitation phase, are similar, differing only in the more demanding with regard to the safety of
the exploratory operation, due to ignorance of the conditions of the subsoil. Once known the area,
these rules will be adapted, with appropriate justification, to the real conditions that are. The rules of
this Title are applicable to service equipment and workover, as applicable.
The documentation in which is requested the installation of a platform should include the
procedure to be used in its abandonment and recovery.
DRILLING EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION
Article 105.- Information about Well location
The Contractor shall obtain prior the necessary information concerning with the location of
the future Well, including its influence on populations of the area, weather conditions, topography
and soil resistance, which will allow proper installation of drilling equipment and planning of their
Article 106.- Detection of sulfhydric acid
The Contractor shall inquire into the possible presence of H2S, SO2, and CO2 in the area
to develop the appropriate Contingency Plan, as indicated in 129 of this Regulation.
Article 107.- Record of wells drilled in the Contract Area
At the request of the Contractor, PERUPETRO will provide information that is available
about the previously drilled Wells in the Contract Area. The expenses that PERUPETRO incurred
for this service shall be borne by the Contractor.
Article 108.- Location selection
The selection of the location as well as the construction of its access and the platform
where the drilling equipment will be installed, will follow the rules specified in the Regulation for
Environmental Protection in Hydrocarbon Activities.
Article 109.- Drilling equipment conditions
The Contractor shall use suitable drilling equipment for the planned operating conditions,
which should have excess capacity to drill and complete the Well to its target. Before the beginning
of Operations, the one in charge of drilling shall verify in its entirety, the work procedure for
assembling of the drilling equipment.
Article 110.- Operation by qualified Subcontractor
The Contractor shall verify that the company that runs the drill has the experience,
equipment needed and the appropriate means to carry out the drilling according to the prognosis
and, if necessary, to resolve problems that arise in the drilling of the Well.
Article 111.- Compliance with specifications relating to platforms
The Contractor shall comply, in its drilling works, with the following specifications
concerning to the jungle. These specifications will be modified depending on whether other
a) The drilling platform will have an area not exceeding two (2) acres for a Well and a half
(0,5) acre for each additional well to hole from one location on land, offshore, river or lacustrine
platforms. The dimensions of the platforms on land may be extended only for the approach of
helicopters in an area needed for this purpose.
b) Should build containment dikes with interior gutters around the perimeter of the platform.
The fluvial or industrial waters shall be carried to the pools of separation by means of gutters.
c) If necessary, in the case of cutting of trees and earthworks for a location, design and
construction techniques should minimize the risk of erosion.
d) Sinks or waste disposal of drilling fluids, should have the following characteristics that
may change if the environment where is working, warranted it:
- Be waterproof and have dams if there is risk of contamination of surface water or
- Have a minimum capacity of 0,26 m3 per meter drilled (0,5 bbl. Per foot of Well drilled).
- Include one (1) meter vertical clearance of capacity, depending on the variables that are
expected in the drilling program and according to the terrain features.
- Be located preferably in a high portion of land with slopes less than five percent (5%)
away from water bodies. The excavated material should be collected into one place to facilitate the
- May be divided into sections for ease of decanting and use of water in the recomposition
of the Mud.
- Not used for waste disposal, or for other solid waste or other fluids.
e) No pools will be built to store Oil. The pools built for other purposes may be used to
contain Oil in case of emergency only proven.
Article 112.- Covering of pools and drains
At the end of drilling, pools and should be covered to ensure protection of soil and ground
and surface water. The techniques used are selected according to geographical location and quality
of fluids and wastes containing.
The technique or techniques selected for each type of pool, should be indicated in the PMA
of the EIA and ensure no degradation of soil and no pollution of ground and surface water.
Article 113.- Minimum distances to be observed
The Wells to be drilled will be located at the following minimum distances:
At forty (40) meters of Hydrocarbon flow pipelines.
At forty (40) meters of unpaved roads.
At a hundred (100) feet of any construction or facility.
At a hundred (100) meters from the boundary of the Contract area (except in the situation
referred to in Article 215 of this Regulation).
Do not allow unpaved roads are built or done any type of construction or installation within
one hundred (100) meters of a Well in drilling.
This Article does not apply to Operations at sea (offshore). In the ones carried out in land,
under design of offshore platforms Operations in order to reduce the environmental impact area of
Operations, shorter distances may be used, prior report to OSINERG and the DGAAE. (*)
(*)Paragraph amended by Article 1 of Supreme Decree N° 049-2009-EM, published on June 13,
2009, which reads as follows:
“The distances listed above do not apply to Operations at sea (Offshore). In the ones
carried out in land, under design of offshore platforms Operations in order to redue the enviromental
impact area of Operations, shorter distances may be used, `prior report to OSINERGMIN and the
In the oil operations at sea (Offshore) fishing activities should maintain a minimum distance
of one hundred (100) meters with respect to the platforms. Likewise, water sport activities like
skiing, spearfishing, sailing activities, boats, among others, should respect this minimum safety
Article 114.- Production drilling platforms
When it was necessary and inevitable the Well drilling incide or on production platforms, the
Contractor shall, before the start of this activity, inform to OSINERG.
In this case, the Contractor shall give at least the following information:
a) Technical and economic reasons to justify the operation.
b) Equipment that will be used.
c) Equipment that normally operate in the area and will be paralyzed during the operation.
d) Operation plan, equipment, sensors and alarms to ensure the safety of the operation.
e) Fire, evacuation, notices and aid plans, in case of emergency.
f) For emergency cases, the list of supervisory Personnel responsible for transportation and
medical assistance, as well as the respective telephone numbers.
Article 115.- Drilling near to the block boundary
In case drilling in the vicinity of the block boundary, the bottom of the Well should be no less
than one hundred (100) meters from the vertical projection of the boundary of the Contract Area,
except the situation described in 215 of this Regulation.
Article 116.- Communications Equipment
The drilling equipment should have a radio or other equivalent means that allows an
efficient and continuous communication with the base.
Article 117.- Lighting System
The lighting system, including electrical cables and switches, should be explosion proof
according to API RP-500, API RP-505 and NFPA-70 regulations, or those replacing.
Article 118.- Engine exhaust
The engine exhaust of the drilling equipment should have adequate water-cooling devices
and spark arrester, or be internal trapping exhaust spark arrestor to prevent sparks output abroad.
The floor and metal ladders of the drilling equipment should have their steps and handrail
with nonslip material and in good state of conservation.
Article 119.- First Aid Units
In place of the drilling, the equipment should have first aid and evacuation units. If this is not
possible, the team should have specialised Personnel that allows the attention of Staff until the
evacuation unit reaches.
Article 120.- Prohibition of smoking and Open Fire
Smoking is prohibited within a radius of fifty (50) meters from the Well. Ads in this regard
should be clearly visible. However, smoking is allowed indoors provided there is appropriate within
this radius, which should be clearly identified.
Likewise, do not allow the use of open fire within a radius of fifty (50) meters from the Well.
Article 121.- API regulations
In drilling activities, best practices should be used by API (latest edition), or any other
institution of international standing, normally used in the oil industry. Are mentioned without
RP 2A-LRRFD and RP 2A-LRFD-S1 Practices recommended for planning, designing and building
fixed platforms offshore.
SPEC 2B Specification for steel pipe manufacturing.
SPEC 2C Specifications for offshore cranes.
RP2D Recommended practices for operation and maintenance of offshore cranes.
SPEC 2F Specifications for mooring chains.
SPEC 2H Specifications manganese carbon steel for offshore platform.
RP 2I Recommended practices of moorings for floating drilling units.
RP 2K Recommended practices for the use and care of compensators ("Raisers") of marine
RP 2L Recommended practices for planning, design and construction of heliports in offshore fixed
RP 2M Recommended practices for design testing of steel anchors for floating structures.
RP 2P Recommended practices for mooring system analysis of floating drilling units.
RP 16 Q Recommended practices for design and construction of marine drilling
SPEC 16R Specifications for design, range and testing coupling of marine drilling
RP 2T Recommended practices for the design and construction of tensioned platforms.
SPEC 2W Specifications of steel plates produced by thermomechanical processes for offshore
SPEC 2Y Specifications of steel plates quenched and tempered for offshore structures.
RP 2X Recommended practices for ultrasonic test of offshore structures.
SPEC 4F Structural specifications for drilling and Well service.
RP 4G Recommended practices for use and maintenance of structures of drilling and service of
SPEC 8A Specifications and procedures recommended for inspection and maintenance of
lifting equipment for drilling and production.
SPEC 8C Specifications and procedures recommended for inspection and maintenance of
lifting equipment for drilling and production.
RP 500 Recommended practices for classifying locations for electrical installations in oil facilities.
RP 505 Recommended practices for classifying locations for electrical installations in oil facilities
classified as Class 1, Zone 0, Zone 1 and Zone 2.
Article 122.- Prevents explosions-BOP
The BOP assembly should have adequate capacity for risk, exposure and degree of
protection needed to control Well pressure and protect the environment. Their lifters may not be of
lower rank than those specified by the API SPEC 6A (or the specification that replaces or exceeds)
and should correspond to the Wellhead.
Article 123.- BOP Minimum
The BOP assembly for a Well, except in areas of proven depletación, should be composed
1 BOP of blind gates.
1 BOP of pipe gates.
1 BOP spherical or annular at the top.
The lines to vent the Well should be, at least, one between the lower and middle controls
and one under the lower.
Article 124.- Pressures
The working pressure of the valves, lines and exhaust manifold should be at least equal to
that of the control sets.
Article 125.- Accumulator
The control system of the BOP should have a battery that has at least the following
a) Capacity to close a BOP of gates and annular simultaneously.
b) Can close completely the BOP of gates within the period of thirty (30) seconds or less.
c) Can close completely an annular BOP up to three hundred fifty (350) mm diameter hole
in a period of sixty (60) seconds or less and more than three hundred fifty (350) mm in the period of
ninety (90) seconds or less.
d) To recover pressure drop of work in a maximum of five (5) minutes.
e) Having minimum nitrogen pressure of eighty (80) kg/cm2, if only operated BOP of gates
and one hundred and forty (140) kg/cm2 if annular BOP operates.
f) Having manometers on each nitrogen container and valve control system BOP
g) Be operated by two (2) automatic means and one (1) manual.
Article 126.- Controls panel of the BOP
The control and the master panel to operate the BOP should be located at a safe distance
away from the Well. The driller should have a control panel satellite to its reach where conditions
Article 127.- Record and control of drilling conditions
In addition to the unit and instruments used for control and recording of drilling conditions
during exploratory drilling should have at least the following control equipment:
a) Tank level indicators and return Mud used to determine the volume of drilling fluid. The
tank level indicator should have audiovisual alarm for the Driller.
b) Indicator and record of pressure of the pump.
c) Record the weight of return Mud.
d) Record of the temperature of Mud input and output.
e) Gas detection unit in the Mud with automatic alarm.
f) An explosive detector in percentage and lower explosive limit.
g) Alarm and detector of H2S and SO2 if applicable.
Article 128.- Automatic Gas Detector
The automatic gas detector should be fitted of audivisual alarms and adjusted to give
indication to twenty five percent (25%) and seventy-five percent (75%) under the explosion limit.
Article 129.- Contingency Plan with respect to the presence of H2S and SO2
The measures that should exist as a precaution against the presence of H2S and SO2
should be part of the Contingency Plan to include at least:
a) Personnel knowledge of equipment, first aid, alarms, ventilation and dangers of H2S and
b) Procedure for handling safety equipment, simulation and Personnel training.
c) Depositions identification and responsibilities of Personnel to settle when the
concentrations of H2S in the atmosphere reach ten (10), twenty (20) and fifty (50) parts per million.
d) Safe places of concentration and exhaust.
e) Entities to be reported and medical services available.
Article 130.- Winches conditions
The Winches should have defenses and be marked with its permitted capacity. Likewise,
the moving components of engines, pumps, compressors, drilling drum, generators, belts, steering
wheels, drive chains, gears, clutches, etc., shall be covered with adequate protective defenses.
Article 131.- Muds circulation system
The Muds circulation system should be made at least by: Zaranda, Degassing, Desander
and Desilter. Mud pumps and air compressors shall be equipped with safety valves, the same to be
inspected annually. Complementary accessories such as lines, valves, fittings, hoses and others,
should be appropriate to resist the pressures of work, effort, temperature, vibration, etc., to which
will be submitted.
Article 132.- Drilling program
The drilling of a Well should follow the program as possible, using the most appropriate
techniques used in the oil industry for this operation.
Article 133.- Drilling Monitoring
The monitoring of drilling Operations will be borne by the Contractor and should be done
consistently and permanent with experienced Personnel at all levels, following a set shift schedule.
Article 134.- Facilities for Personnel
The Personnel should have facilities for resting, feeding and toilet, in case the location is
required to spend the night in the equipment.
Article 135.- Reports
During the drilling of a well to be issued the following daily reports whether those submitted
by the operators of subcontracted services or special Operations:
a) Driller report; the same that should consider what happened in the day as compared to
the string equipment, chemicals used, operating conditions, personnel at work, detailed distribution
of time for each routine operation, special and accidental, the testing Explotions Prevents (BOP), as
well as accidents at work, if any.
b) Record of drilling conditions; each twenty four (24) hours consistently and automatically
be registered per unit of measure perforated at least: the weight on bit, speed and pump pressure,
speed and torque of the rotary table and the penetration speed.
c) Lithologic record: prepared daily and continuously during drilling, based on geological
analysis of gutter samples.
d) Report on the conditions of drilling fluid with the conditions of entry and exit of the Mud
and consumption of materials and chemicals, at least three (3) times could.
e) Report of the mechanic on duty recording the performance of the work, inspections,
malfunctions, working hours and fluid consumed.
“The daily reports will be sent to PERUPETRO when they be required for that.” (*)
(*) Paragraph inlcuded by Article 2 of the Supreme Decree Nº 088-2009-EM, published on
December 12, 2009.
Article 136.- Lithologic and electrical profiles
In the preparation of lithological and electric profiles, the scales to be used should be
compatible and expressed in the decimal metric system. The Parties will agree to use appropriate
scales to the needs of information of PERUPETRO. (*)
(*) Article amended by Article 3 of the Supreme Decree Nº 088-2009-EM, published on December
12, 2009, which reads as follow:
“Article 136.- Profiles
136.1 In preparing the profiles (lithology, electrical, among others), the scales used should
be compatible and expressed in the decimal metric system. The Parties will agree to use
appropriate scales to the needs of information of PERUPETRO.
136.2 After the completion activity, will be sent to PERUPETRO, within fifteen (15) days, a
copy of lithological, electrical and all those profiles that have taken to know and evaluate the
characteristics of the formations traversed and fluid containing.
136.3 Completed production tests will be sent to PERUPETRO, within fifteen (15) daysthe
Article 137.- Exhibition of the Maintenance programs
The equipments will exhibit permanently and in a visible place a picture of the maintenance
program of its main components that indicate work done and pendants to its total repair ("overhaul")
Article 138.- Record of daily inspections
There should be a record of daily inspections, including the report referred to in paragraph
e) of Article 135 of this Regulation as well as registration of weekly and monthly inspections of the
Article 139.- Testing of BOP
The BOP should be tested to its working pressure when installed and at least once every
two weeks. Additional tests should be performed when is going to drill a formation that presumes to
have high pressure, after completion of the cementing and when carrying out a Formation Test, the
results being recorded in the report referred to paragraph a) of Article 135 of the Regulation. The
working pressure should be maintained for at least thirty (30) seconds in the gate BOP and forty-
five (45) seconds in the annular.
Article 140.- Training
Should be a training program for Personnel that includes simulations weekly explosion
control. All simulations, including those referred to in Article 129, should be recorded in the daily
report of the Driller referred paragraph a) of Article 135, as well as any activity related to the safety
Article 141.- BOP reparations
The BOP should be completely checked and repaired in the workshop or factory as
recommended by the manufacturer. Likewise, should have documentation certifying this
Article 142.- Quadrant Valve (Kelly valve)
When passing through areas where it is presumed the presence of hydrogen sulfide will be
available H2S and SO2 detectors near the Well and respiratory emergency equipment in the
quantities and appropriate diversity. A quadrant valve ("Kelly valve ") should be permanently
available to the crew.
Article 143.- Security Devices
The security devices should always be operating.
Article 144.- Storage of Materials for Mud
Chemical products, materials for Mud and cement should be stored in places close to the
Well and protected against its deterioration by natural elements.
Article 145.- Provision of sufficient additives
Additives should be enough to replace the sixty percent (60%) of the system Mud and to
increase their weight in thirty percent (30%) at least during drilling.
Article 146.- Inspection of elevators
The elevators should be visually inspected before each race and be calibrated every six
Article 147.- Safety Regulations in drilling
Should comply with safety rules for drilling both onshore, rivers, lakes, as offshore;
consisting of the following:
a) Maintain an adequate number of safety signs, posters or ads, placed in conspicuous
places of the equipment in accordance with existing risks.
b) Having a cable and emergency lowering system located between the ledge of the castle
of Drilling or Service of the Wells anchored to the embankment or Well platform, so as to allow free
entry and exit of helicopters.
c) Have equipment and fire protection.
d) Should be installed a lightning rod located in the crown of castle, connected to ground by
electrical conductors, independent of the structure, in places where can present atmospheric
e) Removable handrails should be provided in all corridors and platforms of the drilling
equipment so as not to hinder the Operations.
f) Dispose of buoys required by the DICAPI.
g) Dispose of a red hazard light or flashing light, located in the crown of the castle.
h) Dispose of first aid and evacuation equipment.
i) Dispose the alternative use of protection equipment against atmospheric discharges.
Article 148.- API specifications
With respect to the drilling equipment and drilling activity, should deploy recommended
practices by API (latest edition), or any other institution of international standing, normally used in
the oil industry, indicating has no limitation the following:
SPEC 1B Specifications for type V belts for oilfields.
SPEC 5D Specification for drill pipe.
SPEC 7 Specification for rotary drilling elements.
RP 7A1 Recommended practices for testing the friction behavior of the components of rotary drilling.
SPEC 7B-11 C Specifications and recommended practices for installation, maintenance and
operation of reciprocating internal combustion engines.
SPEC 7C-11 F Specifications for the installation, maintenance and operation of internal combustion
SPEC 7F Specifications for chain drive and sprockets.
SPEC 7G Recommended practices for designing strings and operating limits.
SPEC 9A Specifications for steel cables.
RP 9B Recommended practices for care and use of steel cables.
SPEC 13A Material specifications for drilling fluids.
RP 13B1 Recommended practices to test drilling fluids based water and oil.
RP 13B2 Recommended practices for testing drilling fluids based on oil.
RP 13E Recommended practices for the use of netting and Sieves.
RP 13G Recommended practices for the form of the drilling fluids report.
RP 13I Recommended practices for laboratory tests of drilling fluids.
RP 13J Recommended practices for brines tests.
RP 13K Recommended practices for chemical analysis of Barite.
SPEC 16C Specifications for systems to kill Wells and Chokes.
SPEC 16D Specifications for control systems in Wells drilling.
RP 49 Recommended practices for safety in Wells drilling with H.S.
RP 53 Recommended practices for use of BOF systems.
RP 54 Recommended practices industrial safety in Wells drilling.
When using equipment not considered in API regulations, should strictly follow the
directions for use, maintenance and operation of the manufacturer.
Article 149.- Waste handling
To avoid environmental pollution, waste and rubbish from Operations are handled following
the guidelines established in the Regulations for Environmental Protection of Hydrocarbon
Article 150.- Restoriaton
The measures to restore the area at the end of this activity will be contained in the
Environmental Management Plan (PMA) of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).
SAFETY ASPECTS FOR DRILLING AND WELL SERVICE
Article 151.- About the drilling equipment and Wells service
The drilling equipment and Wells service, shall be provided of:
151.1 A red light or flashing hazard; located in the crown of the castle.
151.2 A cable and emergency lowering system located between the ledges of the drilling
castle and anchored to the embankment or Well platform.
151.3 When drilling in formations may have suspected the presence of hydrogen sulfide,
will remain available detection equipment and respiratory protection for Personnel, appropriate in
type and amount.
151.4 On drilling towers, the emergency line for the stapler should be anchored in the
ground or platform so as to allow free access and exit of the helicopters, without the danger that
they become entangled in it.
151.5 Fire Protection Equipment.
151.6 Removable handrails in all hallways and platform of the drilling equipment, which
does not hinder the Operations.
151.7 Beacon required by DICAPI or DGTA as the case.
151.8 At least, with two marked tracks of escape for the Personal, incase of emergency.
151.9 Metal ladders of the drilling equipment, should have their steps and railings in good
cleaning and maintenance. Similarly, should be fixed and without vibration.
Article 152.- On the equipment, castles and masts of drilling equipment, workover and Wells
The "winds" of castles and masts of drilling equipment, workover and Wells service should
necessarily be installed before the start of its Operations in the recommended quantity and quality.
The good condition of the cables and fasteners elements of "winds", should be checked before
The drilling equipment anchors (killed) or Wells service, shall be designed for the expected
operating voltage, buried in the landfill to a minimum of one meter and twenty centimeters (1.20) m
in depth or structure subject to in the case of offshore or fluvial platforms. The inspection and/or
maintenance if necessary, before use, is mandatory.
The retained and balances mechanical tongs, should be anchored properly to the structure
Article 153.- About Mud pumps and air compressors
Should be equipped with safety valves, the same to be inspected annually.
The lines, valves, fittings, hoses, etc., should be appropriate to withstand the pressures of
work, effort, temperature, vibration, etc.to which will be subject.
Article 154.- First Aid Kit for drilling equipments and Wells Services distant from the base
The drilling equipment and Well Service far from the base camps should have a First Aid Kit
which will have the necessary drugs for Personnel care, including antidotes for stings and bites of
poisonous animals, and against disease by chemicals.
Article 155.- Control, restriction and prohibition of traffic
Due to the risk and vulnerability of Operations, the Contractor has the right to control,
restrict and prohibit the transit and movement of people and vehicles in its specific areas of
Article 156.- Transport and supply to drilling equipment in the sea, lakes and rivers
Transport and supply to drilling equipment by ships at sea, lakes and rivers, are governed
by the Regulations of the Law of Control and Surveillance of Maritime, River and Lake, approved by
Supreme Decree N º 028-DE/MGP and its concurrent regulations.
Article 157.- Safety measures in work of Wells service and overhaul
In the works of Wells services and overhaul, including hydraulic fracturing and acidizing,
should take the following safety measures:
157.1 Maintain close to the Well at least three (3) fire extinguishers Dry Chemical Powder,
certified 120 BC, NTP 350.062 and a fire extinguisher on wheels, with certification of termination of
240 BC, according to NTP 350.043 and 350.062.
157.2 During fracturing operations, Personnel should stay away from the pump lines.
157.3 For night Operations, should have adequate light.
157.4 In preparing mixtures with acid, it is important to pour the acid into the water and not
water to the acid.
Article 158.- Activities that require the use of steel cables, chains and ropes
In activities that involve the use of steel cables, chains and ropes, they should be carefully
selected. The cables and fastening elements are used as wind, should meet the following:
158.1 Each steel cable, rope or chain should be inspected periodically and replaced when
158.2 To transport heavy drilling equipment, should use steel cable and not ropes for its
stowage and fixing.
158.3 The Personnel should stay away from suspended loads, even if they are supported
by steel cables or chains.
158.4 During the operation of lifting pipeline to the equipment platform, should use a cable
as held the pipeline that is lifted.
158.5 For handling these elements, Personnel are required to use protective gloves.
Article 159.- Maintenance of the cabins, soil and platforms
Cabins, platforms and soil around the equipment should be kept free of accumulations of
Oil, any other fuel.
Ignition sources should be eliminated. Special attention should be paid in the correct
application of rules and safety procedures for granting permits for hot work.
Article 160.- Provision of fire protection equipment for drilling units, workover and Wells
The drilling units, workover and Wells service, shall be provided with fire protection
equipment, according to the following table of minimum requirement:
UNIT EXT. ON WHEELS EXT. PORTABLE
Drilling 1 6
Overhaul 1 3
Wells service - 2
Swabbing - 2
Tanker - 2
(1) Dry Chemical Extinguisher with a certificate of termination not less than 240:BC
according to the Peruvian Technical Standard (NTP) 350.043 and 350.062 or proven equivalent
(2) Dry Chemical Extinguisher with a certificate of termination not less than 120:BC
according to NTP 350.043 and NTP 350.062 or proven equivalent certification.
The equipments that are selected should consider a heavy-duty construction and finish in
keeping with the aggressiveness of the environment where they are located.
These equipments should be properly marked, inspected and maintained according to what
is stipulated in Title IV of this Regulation.
Article 161.- Provision of portable foam mechanical systems for drilling equipment
The drilling equipment should be equipped with a foam portable mechanical system based
on water reserve available for normal Operations.
Article 162.- Requirements for offshore, lake and river platforms
The offshore, lake or river platform should be provided of:
162.1 A fire fighting system based on water at a rate not less than 1900 lpm at 11 kg/cm2
pressure (500 gpm to 150 psig) with equipments to generate mechanic foam.
162.2 A number of fire extinguishers according to the fire control system developed for the
162.3 A sufficient number of boats or life rafts with capacity for all Personnel assigned to
162.4 An adequate number of life jackets that corresponds to the number of Personnel on
the platform. In all work or activity with risk of falling into the water is mandatory to use lifejackets.
162.5 Reflectors or flashing lights and fog sirens, according to what is prescribed by
Regulation of the Law of Control and Surveillance of Maritime, River and Lake.
162.6 Peripheral handrail of protection for the movement of Personnel in the contour of the
162.7 A safe device for loading and unloading of Personnel and/or equipment.
162.8 A radio - telephone system or other system that allows communication with shore
facilities, as well as with the main facility.
The scale of the operation, distances involved and the risk analysis, will determine the need
to have one or more fast boats, or other means provided with special fire fighting equipment for
cooling, foam generation, control of Oil spills, medical emergencies etc., all of which should be
specifically contained in the Contingency Plan.
162.9 Crane or winch for cargo handling, equipment, supplies, etc.
In the absence of an applicable national rule, will consult and implement as appropriate,
rules API-RP-57 and API-RP-14G.
Article 163.- Requirements for maritime, lake or river Operations
To carry out maritime, lake or river Operations, shall have in cosinderation the following:
163.1 The use of life jacket is required for the transport and transshipment operations of
Personnel from the boat to the platform and/or dock, or vice versa.
163.2 In areas of rain, waterproof clothing should be provided to the Personnel.
163.3 The use of safety harness is mandatory for Personnel working on the ledge of the
castle, as well as those exposed to falls at different level.
163.4 The use of rubber gloves or similar is required for the Personal of the drilling
equipment who works with chemicals.
163.5 Is prohibited the use of gasoline and other flammable liquids for cleaning and laundry.
163.6 All machine-starter, should be provided with a safety sign that indicates such
163.7 The systems, devices or electrical equipment for offshore platforms and/or river
should be electrically earthed.
Article 164.- Requirements for the operation of cranes on the platform
The operation of cranes on the platform should be directed by a person trained in that work.
Steel cables, anchoring, hooks and pulleys that hold the same should be reviewed regularly. The
rule RP 2D «Recomended Practices for Maintenance Operations Offshore Cranes "issued by the
American Petroleum Institute should be consulted to that.
Article 165.- About the explosions control
All drilling equipment shall be provided with an explosion control system. When the
operation requires, Wells service equipment shall also be equipped with explosion control systems.
Article 166.- Follow the original Work plan
The Well Completion be made by adjusting the original work plan according to the
conditions found or encountered during drilling, using the appropriate and safe techniques used for
this operation in the oil industry. (*)
(*) Article amended by Article 4 of the Supreme Decree Nº 088-2009-EM, published on December
12, 2009, which reads as follow:
“Article 166.- Of the Completion and Test of the Well
166.1 The Well Completion, will do adjusting the original Work Plan, according to the
conditions met or found during drilling, using the appropriate and safe techniques used for this
operation in the oil industry.
166.2 Finished the well drilling, the Contractor shall inform PERUPETRO the opportunity in
which the well will be tested, as well as the Work Plan with the respective adjustments, from being
166.3 The production test of the well will have a maximum duration of six (06) months.
166.4 If the test requires a time longer than six (06) months shall be considered as a Test of
Formation or Well Extended Test, which will require the approval of the DGH, Contractors should
submit their application attaching the following requirements:
a. Work Plan and equipment description for the test and surface facilities.
b. Technical justification regarding the need and duration of the Extended Test.
c. Results from initial tests of the well.
d. Others the DGH deemed necessary.
Received the request, the DGH will require the appropriate technical opinion to
PERUPETRO, entity within a maximum of fifteen (15) business days will evaluate the need for it
and the documents submitted by the Contractor.
Within five (05) business days, of receiving PERUPETRO’s opinion, the DGH will issue the
corresponding Directorial Resolution, authorizing or denying the extended test.”
CONCORDANCE: S.D. Nº 088-2009-EM, Art. 6
Article 167.- Headers
The Wellheads should have the following features:
a) Be designed for a work pressure higher than the anticipated maximum pressure in
b) Be designed for a buckling resistance equal or higher than that of the upper outer pipe
which is connected to.
c) Have connections with mechanical resistance and pressure range compatible with the
relevant API lifters or to the pipe which will be connected.
d) Have adequate resistance to compression to support the weight of the pipes to be hung.
e) The lower part of the wellhead shall be of integral lifter and have at least one side exit to
be used with lifter or stud bolts.
f) Low pressure headers, or in Wells of reservoirs with depletación, may be a single body
and do not have integral lifter.
Article 168.- Christmas Tree
The Wells of high pressure or Natural Gas should be completed with a Christmas Tree with
API specifications, with double Master Valve capable of supporting the maximum pressure
expected. The bottom valve remains open and the top will be the operational.
Article 169.- Master Valves
Master Valves should be of the same internal diameter of the pipe and should open a
hundred percent (100%) (“full open”).
Article 170.- Conditions that allow registration of pressure
The surface and underground facilities of a completed Well should allow recording pressure
through the Casing and of Production, as well as, bottomhole pressure and obtain production
records from the Well.
Article 171.- Maintenance of surface and underground equipments
Should be adeopted special measures in surface and underground equipments operation
and maintenance when there are SO2, CO2 or H2S.
In the offshore facilities, should be taken additional measures according to the surface
equipments, in order to protect them from corrosion.
Article 172.- API specifications
On the activities set forth in this Chapter, should be used the API's recommended practices
(latest edition) or any other institution of international standing, normally used in the oil industry:
SPEC 6A Wellheads and valves specifications.
SPEC 6D Valves for flow line specifications.
SPEC 6FA Fire test for valves and connections specifications.
SPEC 6FC Fire test for automatic valves specifications.
SPEC 6FB Fire test for connections specifications.
RP 14H Recomended practices and specifications for instalation, maintenance and repair of
underwater safety valves and Headers offshore.
SPEC 14A Safety valves at the bottom of the Well specifications.
RP 14B Recomended practices for diseign, instalation, repair and operation of underground valves.
RP 14C Recomended practices for analysis, design, instalation and test of surface valves on
offshore production platforms.
SPEC 17D Submarine Headers specifications.
Article 173.- Surface Casing.
The Surface Casing, should be installed to provide safe support to the BOP's and to the
equipment to hang from the Header and should be cemented in all its full length.
Article 174.- The Surface Casing in the presence of aquifers
In case that the Well cross any body of freshwater that is or may be used in the future as a
source of water, the Surface Casing should be installed covering at least twenty-five (25) meters
below the lower limit of the aquifer.
Article 175.- Casing
Once the Casing is cemented, this should be proved with Once Casing cemented, it should
be tested with pressure equal to the internal pressure which, according to estimates, will be
exposed. The pressure should not exceed eighty-five percent (85%) of maximum internal pressure
of the casing and should be maintained for at least ten (10) minutes.
Article 176.- Safety factors in the Casing
The minimum safety factors that are used in the estimate of the Casing will be:
To the collapse 1,125
To tension (connection) 2,000
To tension (body) 1,250
To internal pressure 1,000
Article 177.- Casting used
Do not allow the use of Casing used, unless it is certified by the inspection and testing by
an independent specialist company.
Article 178.- Features of the Casing and Tubing
The design, characteristics, use and care in handling, transportation and inspection of the
Casing, of the Tubing and flowline are duly specified by the API. For the case of other types of
pipes, these conditions should be adjusted to the manufacturer minimum specifications.
On the activities set forth in this Chapter, should be used the API's recommended practices
(latest edition) or any other institution of international standing, normally used in the oil industry:
RP 5A5 Recomended practices to inspect the new Casing, Tubing and flowline.
SPEC 5B Specifications for threading, thread measurement and inspection of Casing, Tubing
RP 5B1 Recomended practices for thread measurment and inspection of Casing, Tubing and
RP 5C1 Recomended practices for Casing, Tubing caring.
BULL 5C3 Bulletin about formulas and calculations for Casing, Tubing, Drilling and flowlines
RP 5C5 Recommended practices to evaluate Casing and Tubing connections.
SPEC 5CT Specifications for Casing and Tubing.
(Usual units of measure in the United States).
SPEC 5CTM Specifications for Casing and Tubing. (Metric Units).
Article 179.- Cementation Design
The Cementation should be designed to allow adequate time for pumping and setting
during operation, as well as providing the necessary tensile strength and compression in the Well.
If the Well to cement is in an area with salt water producing formations at a depth less than
the hydrocarbons producing formations, the corresponding design should consider cementing the
Well to at least two hundred (200) meters above the top of the salt water producing formation in
order to avoid further corrosion problems of the Casing.
Article 180.- Primary Cementing
The primary Cementing should be designed to satisfy any or several of the following needs:
a) To obtain an effective zonal separation and protecting the Casing.
b) To isolate the Casing of the Borehole.
c) To repair the Casing.
d) To minimize the risk of explosions in areas of high pressure.
e) To seal lost circulation zones and deep zones in anticipation of a deeper drilling.
Article 181.- Squeeze Cementing
The squeeze Cementing should be designed to satisfy any or several of the following
a) To repair the primary Cementing.
b) To reduce the high relation Gas-Oil, or Water-Oil of a formation.
c) To repair the facing.
d) To abandon or isolate areas.
Article 182.- Compatibility in the Cementation
Before the Cementation, should be done compatibility tests with the water to use and to the
operative conditions of the Well.
Article 183.- Pressure in the Cementation
During the Cementing operation, the cement mix and working pressures should be registe.
Article 184.- Cement stop
The cement stop of the Intermediate Casing or Tubing should be no less than two hundred
(200) meters above the area most superficial isolable (including salt-producing areas) or on the
Casing Shoe above.
Article 185.- Liner hanging casing (Laina)
A Liner (Laina) should be cemented in its full length, unless it is proven that this is not
Article 186.- Cement registration
After cementing the Surface or Intermediate of the Casing, should be carried out a test of
the quality of cementing, especially if they havenot been cemented in its full length. After cementing
the Casing of Production or Liner should be taken Cementing records or equivalent.
Article 187.- Consistency tests
The consistency tests of the formation (“Leak off test”) should be done following the Well
Article 188.- API practices in the Cementing
In the Cementing activities, should be used the API's recommended practices (latest
edition) or any other institution of international standing, normally used in the oil industry:
SPEC 10A Cements specifications for Wells.
SPEC 10D Centralizers specifications.
RP 10B Recomended practices for cement tests for Wells.
RP 10F Recomended practices to prove Cementing float equipment.
Article 189.- Oil or gas burners
The Oil or Gas burners should be lit only by remote control and should have a cooling
system properly tested.
Article 190.- Night Operations limitations
During the night, if possible, should not begin production tests in Exploratory Wells and
neither Stimulation Operations should be carried out (Hydraulic Fracturing, acidizing, etc.), unless
the Contractor ensure safe operation.
Article 191.- Radios situation
During the Perforating Operations should be kept off the radio because these waves could
influence on the firing system of the equipment.
Article 192.- Radioactive material
The use of radioactive material should be authorized by IPEN, or any entity in its place,
should abide by the rules and guidelines established by this agency.
Likewise, in case the equipments recovered from a well were contaminated with a
radioactive substance may not be reused and should be informed OSINERG and IPEN or entities
that may replace of this fact, in order to indicate the measures to be taken forward.
Article 193.- Approval of PERUPETRO
The permanent Abandonment Plan of the Wells shall be approved by PERUPETRO, which
should be under the direct supervision of the operator or its authorized representative, who may not
be an employee of the service company involved in the Wells Abandonment. Direct supervision
means the supervisor's presence in the Well during the implementation of the aforementioned plan.
The unconventional abandonment procedures, according to the particular realities of each
case, should be approved by PERUPETRO.
Article 194.- Abandonment plugs
The Well should be abandoned with cement or mechanical Plugs, insulating those areas
where the coating has not been made or where there could be fluid. In cases that for reasons of
operational difficulty were not feasible carry out the Abandonment Plan as mentioned in the
following Articles, the operator may make the plan referred to using the best and appropriate
techniques and procedures used in industry, and should report and justify promptly to PERUPETRO
with copy to OSINERG about that decision.
Article 195.- Additional plugs
Well may require additional Plugs to cover or contain any productive horizon or to separate
a layer of water, depending on the quality of water or hydrostatic pressures differ sufficiently to
justify this separation. The proof of the Plugs and Recementation may be required if necessary to
ensure that the Well will not damage the natural resource.
Article 196.- Plugging open hole under the liner
Where there open hole under the innermost lining should be placed a cement Plug
extending fifty (50) meters above and below the Shoe. If the formation conditions hinder this
procedure, will be placed a Mechanical Plug in the bottom of the Casing of twenty (20) meters of
cement on the Plug.
Article 197.- Isolation of the perforated area
Perforated areas as possible should be cemented under pressure and isolated with Plugs. If
it is not possible Cementation at pressure due to the possibility of causing hydraulic fracturing, will
be placed a cement plug covering fifty (50) meters above and below the perforated area or above
the closer Plug, if the distance is less than fifty (50) meters.
PERUPETRO may approve the replacement of the Plug (s) of cement, placement of one or
more Plugs bridge of metal, to be placed within the Casing and immediately on perforated intervals
or certain depth, depending on the pressure levels, flow or reserves of Hydrocarbons.
In the case of horizontal Well Abandonment, the Plug should isolate the productive zone
covering fifty (50) meters above and possibly fifty (50) meters below the perforated area, or fifty (50)
meters above the Casing shoe production if it is placed on the top of the productive horizon.
PERUPETRO in coordination with the Operator will determine if additional cement Plugs or bridge
Plugs are required.
Article 198.- Liners Abandonment
A Liner will be abandoned with a cement Plug that covers fifty (50) meters above and below
its point of suspension.
Article 199.- Perforation and cementing for Abandonment
In case that the top of cement behind the Casing does not cover one hundred (100) meters
above the productive area, the Casing will be perforated hundred (100) meters above the
productive area and cemented at pressure with a column that covers one hundred (100) additional
meters in the annular space.
Article 200.- Plugs in cases of permanent Abandonment
In case of permanent Abandonment will be placed a last cement Plug from two hundred
(200) meters depth to the surface.
In cases that for reasons of proven operational difficulty is not possible to reach the two
hundred (200) meters, shall be placed a cement plug from the depth found, to the surface. When
using a mechanical plug, it should be found sat at the found depth.
Article 201.- Spacing
The spaces between the Plugs and to the surface should be filled of fluids of non-corrosive
Article 202.- Water well
If the Well for abandonment had found a situation described in Article 174 of this
Regulation, the Well will enable to produce water, plugged to the base of the aquifer. Its subsequent
perforation and operation should be coordinated by the entities responsible for the source of water
and therefore no longer correspond to a Petroleum Activity.
Article 203.- Permanent Abandonment
In case of Permanent Abandonment, the Wellhead should be marked with the number of
the Well. In case recovery of the Wellhead, should be obtained the corresponding authorization
from PERUPETRO, situation where the Casing shall be cut mechanically. In this case, instead of
the header, should be a steel rod of two (2) meters high above the surface level with the Well
number welded to the plate that covers the Well. The canteen should be completed and the location
will be restored according to the PMA of the EIA or to the corresponding environmental
Article 204.- Abandonment of the Area
In the case that Well Abandonment means Abandonment of the Area, shall apply Article 56
of the Regulations for Environmental Protection in Hydrocarbon Activities. If not involve the
Abandonment of the area, the Wells Abandonment shall be governed according to the guidelines
specified in this Chapter.
Article 205.- Obligatory abandonment
The Contractor is responsible for the permanent Abandonment of inactive Wells drilled
during development of the Contract, unless that the Contract, appendixes or other agreements
between the parties, stipulating different obligations. Also responsible for the permanent
Abandonment of Active Wells, that for reasons of safety, environmental or economic do not operate
in the future.
Article 206.- Faculty to activate Wells
The Contractor may intervene and incorporate into their Operations the drilled Wells and
abandoned on a temporary or permanent by previous operators in the area.
In the case the intervention determines the inconvenience to consider the Well as Active
Well, it should be abandoned in accordance with the provisions of this Regulation.
Article 207.- Well classification List
The Contractor shall submit to PERUPETRO with copy to OSINERG, a list regarding
inactive Wells (closed, temporarily abandoned, permanently abandoned) containing for each of
them, to have it registered, the following information:
- Location coordinates.
- Completion updated diagram.
- Production of fluids immediately before the closure or abandonment.
To this information will be added its estimate of:
- Feasibility of future rehabilitation.
- Reference to population centers and/or human settlements closest.
- Estimated date of abandonment, for the next year, of Wells that have lost their status as
Active Well during the term of the contract and which situation justifies permanent abandonment.
If there are changes, these will be reported annually in June.
Article 208.- Adequacy Regime
Contractors who are in a stage of Exploitation, operating facilities that are not adequate to
this Regulation, may regularize this situation as follows:
a) Adequating their Operations or facilities to this Regulation, after that the operators
present a diagnosis of each of their facilities and on that basis and the economy of each block be
prepared and approved the program of adequacy of facilities within a period with the reality of each
b) Justifying by report to OSINERG the reasons why can not be possible this adequacy, for
each one of the cases.
OSINERG will evaluate the Contractor’s justifications and approve them, if applicable or
making known the measures to be adopted.
If the Contractor does not agree with the pronouncement of OSINERG, may apply to the
corresponding administrative appeal to OSINERG.
Article 209.- Maximum Efficient Recovery (MER)
The Contractor shall produce the Wells during the Exploitation phase, so as to obtain the
Maximum Efficient Recovery, taking into account the principles of conservation and proper
management of Hydrocarbon Reserves. For that, should be evaluated productive performance of
the Reservoirs in order to determine in a short time the characteristics of the producing formation,
its uniformity, continuity and structural configuration, as well as the properties of the fluid and its
production system more appropriate, according to the conditions and structural location of Wells.
The results of these evaluations should be communicated to PERUPETRO with copy to OSINERG.
The Contractor may conduct its Operations using the techniques that it deems most
appropriate, which shall be consistent with good oil industry practices, that lead to maintain the
productivity of their reservoirs, and can perform Injection Operations of any fluid properly selected
such as nitrogen, polymers, Natural Gas associate or Not Associate, which is produced by itself or
by a third party and is not marketed. Likewise, these Operations may be conducted as part of
Improved Recovery projects in order to increase the recovery factor reservoirs.
Article 210.- Technical Evaluation Report
Every two (2) years, in January, after five (5) years of the beginning of the Production of a
Reservoir, the Contractor shall submit to PERUPETRO with copy to OSINERG, a technical
evaluation report in which shows that the Wells have been producing at levels of MER, or
otherwise, shall propose actions to those levels obtained during the next evaluation period.
Article 211.- Impairment of Proved Reserves by deficient operation
If a Well or Group of Wells are being operated in conditions that cause impairment in the
Proved Reserves, PERUPETRO may ask that the Contractor corrects the situation and/or justifies
appropriately. This request should be informed to OSINERG. The Contractor will correct the non-
compliance giving beginning to measures necessary for the corresponding correction, within sixty
(60) days of receiving the communication, which will be carried out continuously and diligently. In
case of continued the non-compliance, OSINERG will apply the appropriate measures.
Article 212.- Impairment of Proved Reserves for deficient operation and closure of Well or
Wells by OSINERG
OSINERG may, according to the provisions of the Article above, instruct the Contractor the
closing of these Wells or part thereof that is affecting Proved Reserves, until it is corrected or the
If the Contractor does not agree may apply to OSINERG the corresponding administrative
Article 213.- Well spacing
The spacing between the Wells will be determined by the proper characteristics of the
reservoir, by drive mechanism itself, by type of well to be drilled and the economically recoverable
volume of production.
Article 214.- Exception
If during the development of the established order of Wells spacing do not produce to MER,
or physical impairment exists for their drilling, may consider lower spacing, but carrying out the
Article 215.- Unification
May be drilled Wells less than one hundred (100) meters from the edge of the Contract
Area or downhole in the condition indicated above, if the Reservoir is common to two neighboring
Contractors and whether they have entered into an agreement to unify the Development of the
common field, according to Article 32 of the Law.
Article 216.- Construction of facilities
When a Contractor projects to occupy a land area of public or private property for the
construction of facilities, should follow the procedure laid down in Title VII of this Regulation. If build
a Production Battery, tank farm, pumping or compression station or expansion, should request to
OSINERG a favorable report before construction begins. The information that submits should
include the planes necessary to define the project and indicate that it meets the rules that are
employed in the construction of Production Batteries, tank farm, pumping or compression station
and of their equipments.
The modifications of Production Batteries, tank farm, pumping or compression station, that
represent an expansion of activities under the Regulation for Environmental Protection in
Hydrocarbon Activities, shall be submitted to DGAAE for their approval before starting the
construction. The information that the Contractor submits should include the neccesary planes to
define the project and indicate that it meets the rules that are employed in the construction of
Production Batteries, tank farm, pumping or compression station and of their equipments.
The pipes out of the production Batteries, Tank Farm, Pumping or Compression Stations,
should be installed according to the Safety Rules set out in Appendix 1 of the Regulation of
Hydrocarbons Transportation by Pipelines or in the rule replacing it.
Article 217.- Maintenance of Production Facilities
The active Production facilities will be maintained in good condition, preventing leaks or
escapes of produced fluids. The pipes and equipment should be painted and signaled so as to
identify the type of fluid. In its maintenance, cleaning should be permanent and herbs should be
eliminated, as well as flammable waste (paper, wood, rags, etc.).
The inactive Production Facilities will be removed, restoring the area that was occupied.
Article 218.- Headers
The Headers should have pressure controlling elements to regulate Well pressure in
proportion to design of flow lines and facilities and have installed all its components. When the pipe
gets off its SSU should be installed.
Article 219.- Well in aquatic environment
The fluen Well located in the sea, river, lake or swamp, should have a safety valve at thirty
(30) meters under the sea, river, lake or swamp, that closes automatically in case occurs
uncontrolled in the Wellhead.
Article 220.- High pressure
The high pressure flow of the pipeline (more than 300 psig) shall be posted safety warnings
or signs at all crossings of public roads.
Article 221.- Fluid Injection
The injection, except for sweet gas or pure water, should be programmed to do it normally
by the Tubbing. In these cases, a packer should settler on the operative formation and the space
between the Tubbing and the Casing should be filled with anticorrosive fluid. The exceptions to this
rule should be technically justified.
Article 222.- Artificial Survey Equipments
The artificial survey equipments should have the neccesary capacity to produce to the MER
the Wells fluid, without any damage to other facilities, Reservoir or to the same Well. The active
Production equipments, will be mantained in good conditions, with their moving parts properly
protected with safety guards.
Article 223.- Operating Balance of the pumping units
The operating balance of the mechanical pumping units should be verified by dynamometric
tests or other means at least once a year, although the pumping efficiency was acceptable.
Article 224.- Electric engines
For mechanical pumping units should prefer the use of electric engines instead of the
internal combustion; unless the conditions do not allow it.
Article 225.- API practices
In the activities established in this Chapter, should be used the API's recommended
practices (latest edition) or any other institution of international standing, normally used in the oil
SPEC 1B Specifications for belts in “V”.
RP 2SK Recommended practices for design, analysis and maintenance of mooring systems
of the floating production.
SPEC 5L Specifications for flow pipes.
RP 5LC/5LD Recomended practices for flow pies CRA.
SPEC 6H Plugs, connectors and swivels specifications.
RP 11AR Recomended practices for the use and care of subsoil pumps.
SPEC 11AX Subsoil pumps and connectors specifications.
SPEC 11B Sucker rods and connectors specifications.
RP 11BR Recomended practices for care and handling of sucker rods.
SPEC 11E Specifications for the mechanical pumping unit.
RP 11ER Recomended practices for defenses of mechanical pumping units.
RP 11G Recomended practices for installation and lubrication of mechanical pumping units.
RP 11L Recomended practices for designs and conventional mechanical pumping units
P 11S Recommended practices for operation, manteinance and detection of faults in the facilities
RP 11S1 Recommended practices for the assembly report of BES.
RP 11S2 Recommended practices for BES test.
RP 11S3 Recommended practices for BES facilities.
RP 11S4 Recommended practices for BES facilities selection.
RP 11S5 Recommended practices for submerged cable systems.
SPEC 11V1 Specifications for valves and Gas Lift orifices.
RP 11V5 Recommended practices for operations and mantainance in Gas Lift facilities.
RP 11V6 Recommended practices to design the Gas Lift continue.
RP 11V7 Recomended practices to repair and test of the Gas Lift valves.
SPEC 15HR Specifications of flow pipe fiberglass for High pressure.
RP 15LA Recommended practices for resin pipe care.
SPEC 15LE Specifications for polyethylene pipes.
SPEC 15LP Specifications for thermoplastic pipe (PVC and CPVC).
SPEC 15LR Specifications for fiberglass pipes for low pressure.
Article 226.- Production Battery Design
The Production Battery should be designed according to the characteristics of the fluid
mixture, and to the volumes produced from Natural and Liquids Gas to be collected.
Article 227.- Separation system
The separation system of a Battery should be provided of a measure system that allows to
know both total volume and individual of Natural and Liquids Gas from Wells connected there.
Article 228.- Separators
The separators should be the appropriate for the operational conditions that are expected.
Should have control elements to avoid its flooding by liquid and excessive pressure. Its safety
valves should be calibrated for a pressure not higher than the separators design pressure and
should be inspected according to the manufacturers’ especifications.
Article 229.- Safety valve
The safety valves should have individual escapes pointing to places that no hazard or be
connected to common alleviation systems of sufficient capacity. The rupture discs should have
vertical download and should not have any limitation.
Article 230.- Tanks in batteries
The equipments, specially the Production Batteries tanks, should be made of material
suitable to the corrosive fluid characteristics. The tanks should have the necessary corrosion
protection and have a common drain to a pool of recovery or burning, located not less than fifty (50)
meters away, should have gates for its cleaning and measurement facilities.
The use of portable incinerators or refractory material, will depend on the volume to be
Article 231.- Distances
The Production batteries should not be located less than fifty (50) meters of the public roads
and should have identification sign.
Article 232.- Capacities
The minimum storage capacity of Batteries Production should be at least one (1) day of
production of wells associated with it. Tanks can have level controls built-in for automatic emptying.
Article 233.- Retaining walls
Retaining walls should contain one hundred and ten percent (110%) of the largest tank
volume. The wall should have a drain out with a built-in valve. If for exceptional reasons not to fulfill
the provisions of this Article, the Contractor shall request the respective exemption to OSINERG
according to Article 208 of this Regulation.
In the collection points of crude oil with a capacity up to 300 bbl. not is necessary to build
Article 234.- Tanks
If the tanks are used to storage the Liquid Hydrocarbons, the Contractor shall observe the
provisions of the Safety Regulation for the Storage of Hydrocarbons or the one that replaces it.
Article 235.- Natural Gas Burner
The Production Battery, located where according to the Article 244 of this Regulation be
neccesary burn Natural Gas, should have a burner with the following basic characteristics:
a) To be located at a distance no less than fifty (50) meters of any installation on the
ground, sea or lake platforms.
b) To be of height and sufficient dimensions to burn the possible volume to be handled.
c) To have defenses that keep the wind off the flames.
d) To have an automatic ignition system.
If for exceptional reasons may not comply with this Article, or could perform the Injection or
Re-injection Operations to those refered in the second paragraph of Article 244 of this Regulation,
the Contractor shall request to OSINERG the appropriate exoneration according to Article 208 of
Article 236.- Protection fences
Production facilities located on land should be protected by wire mesh and doors locked if
they are located within a distance of eight hundred (800) meters from inhabited, rural or recreation
areas. If the batteries are far away, and local conditions warrant, they should have wire fence and
entrance to protect livestock and fauna existing.
Article 237.- Electrical installations
Electric installations will be made according to the last version of the rule NFPA-70 or
equivalents. The areas classification will be according to the rule API RP-500 or equivalent. The
installations relating to static electricity and grounding shall comply with the latest version of the rule
NFPA-77 or equivalents.
Article 238.- API applications
In addition to the relation of API practices laid down in Article 225, in the activities set forth
in this Chapter, shall take into consideration the recommended practices by API (latest edition), or
any other institution of international standing, normally used in the oil industry, such as:
SPEC 12B Specifications of bolted tanks for production.
SPEC 12D Specifications of welded tanks in field for production.
SPEC 12F Specifications of welded tanks in tent for production.
SPEC 12GDU Specifications of Glycol dehydration units for gas.
SPEC 12J Separators specifications.
SPEC 12K Specifications of oil indirect heaters in the field.
SPEC 12L Specifications of emulsion treaters.
RP 12N Recommended practices for testing, operation and maintenance of burner firebox.
SPEC 12P Specifications for fiberglass tanks.
RP 12R1 Recomended practices for inspection, installation, maintenance and operation of
tanks in production service.
RP 14E Recomended practices for designs of pipelines installation systems for offshore
RP 14F Recomended practices ofr design and installation of electrical systems for offshore
Article 239.- Natural Gas Plants
Security measures to be taken by the Contractor in the Processing Plants, Cryogenic Plants
and Petrochemical Plants, are contained in Regulation of Standards for Hydrocarbons Refining and
Processing, or replacing it.
Article 240.- Waste
The Contractor will take appropriate measures to prevent waste of produced Hydrocarbons.
Article 241.- Natural Gas Collecting (*)
(*)Text replaced by Article 5 of the Supreme Decree N° 048-2009-EM, published on June 9, 2009,
which reads as follows:
“Article 241.- Natural Gas and Oil Collecting”
Wells should not be operated with the Casing valve opened at air. Natural gas should be
collected, used or sent to Batteries Production.
“Wells, which extraction systems is via the "Swab" should be operated as follows:
a. When they are not intervened, linings and pipes should be closed. Before their
intervention, Wells should open taking the safety measures and environmental protection that the
b. Alternatively, Wells can be connected and open to flow lines that collect Gas for Batteries
c. Those Wells of "Swab" that when closing build up pressure equal or higher than 50
pounds per square inch of pressure (psi), between an intervention and another, should be
connected and permanently open to flow lines that collect Gas for Batteries Production.” (*)
(*) Paragraph included by the Article 5 of the Supreme Decree N ° 048-2009-EM, published on
June 9, 2009.
Article 242.- Prohibition of smoking
Smoking should no be allowed within one hundred (100) meters from the Well, Separators,
Tanks and other unprotected potential sources of combustible gas. It is forbidden to open fire using
less than one hundred (100) meters from a Well.
Article 243.- Condensate recovery in various processes
The recovery Condensate at any compression or liquids recovery process, should be
incorporated into liquid Hydrocarbons system, if is not used or commercialized.
Article 244.- Natural Gas use
Natural gas use is determined in Article 44 of the Law and the provisions on the control of
air pollution that are contained in the Regulation for Environmental Protection in Hydrocarbon
Natural Gas may be Injected or Reinjected to own Reservoirs or from other Contractor that
meet the appropriate specifications for each case. Injection or Re-injection Operations may be done
even after having extracted from Natural Gas liquids that may contain and for any of the following
a) Maintenance of the pressure of these Reservoirs.
b) Allow secondary recovery from these Reservoirs.
c) Natural Gas Storage, which at the time of its production has not comercial use.
d) For any other use that constitutes practice in the oil industry.
Vent and/or burned programs made according to the productive capacity of each battery will
be presented to PERUPETRO, for its approval. These programs in turn should be communicated to
(*) Article amended by Article 6 of the Supreme Decree N° 048-2009-EM, published on June 09,
2009, which reads as follow:
“Article 244.- Natural Gas use
Natural Gas use is determined in Article 44 of the Law, without prejudice to the Contractor's
obligation to comply with existing legislation on environmental issues.
Natural Gas that is not sold during a period valorisation may be assigned to the following
purposes, within or outside the Contract Area, without implication in the determination of retribution
1. Used in the Contractors’ operations, in accordance with Article 40 of Law Nº 26221,
Organic Hydrocarbons Law.
2. Reinjecting the reservoir.
3. Storaged in natural reservoirs.
4. Burned, in accordance with Article 44 of Law Nº 26221, Organic Hydrocarbons Law.
The reinjection, storage and/or burned of Natural Gas shall be done, even after that be
processed and/or extracted its liquids inside or outisde of the Contract Area.
Burned Programs carried out to test Wells and according to the productive capacity of each
Well, battery and/or platform will be presented to the Hydrocarbons General Direction (DGH) for
approval at least fifteen (15) business days before the Well testing. The DGH should aprove them
or if the case, submit the observations that deems appropriate in a period not exceeding three (03)
business days which should be raised by the Contractor within a period not exceeding three (03)
business days. In this last case, the DGH will have a term of three (03) business days to issue the
Once approved such programs, the Contractor shall submit to OSINERGMIN at least five
(05) business days prior to the burning operation.”
Article 245.- Natural Gas Burning
In case of not having obtained approval to burn Natural Gas, referred to in Article 44 of the
Law, the Contractor may do it in the cases of Wells evaluation and of proven emergency, subject to
account for this fact immediately to the OSINERG and PERUPETRO. In any case, proceed as
provided in the Regulation for Environmental Protection in Hydrocarbon Activities. (*)
(*)Article repealed by the Article 10 of the Supreme Decree N° 048-2009-EM, published on June 09,
Article 246.- Production regimes
The maximum production regimes that may produce Hydrocarbons Reservoirs are limited
by the following:
a) In Oil Reservoirs will not allow to produce Hydrocarbons from Wells that produce with
GOR higher than five thousand (5 000) feet3/bbl. In this situation the Contractor will be obliged to
close those Wells.
b) In case be expedient, may be produce Petroleum Reservoirs with Wells of GOR more
than five thousand (5 000) feet3/bbl., if there is installed a collection system of Natural Gas and Re-
injection of the same, that may lead to an outcome in which the total net GOR in the reservoir does
not exceed five thousand (5 000) feet3/bbl. The Contractor should include this plan in its annual
work progrma to be submitted and justified to PERUPETRO, with the favourable opinión of the
When the Oil Reservoirs reach to a stage of their productive life that can not be produced
according to the limitation mentioned in subsection b) above, will produce at total net levels GOR
more than five thousand (5 000) ft3 / bbl. as long as is used all Natural Gas produced. For this kind
of production is not allowed the burning neither venting of Natural Gas, in this situation the
Contractor shall submit for approval to OSINERG, technical and economic study that justifies.
In Non Associated Natural Gas Reservoirs, before starting production, the Contractor shall
submit to PERUPETRO with copy to OSINERG, for its approval, a Development program. In this
program will indicate the possible recovery of liquids and injection volumes of Natural Gas, in own
or third party Reservoirs as provided in the second paragraph of Article 209 of this Regulation, if this
were the case. If after the start of production of the originally estimated reservoir conditions have
changed or if there is another equally important reason, the Contractor may submit to PERUPETRO
for its approval, with the favorable opinion of OSINERG, changes may be necessary to introduce
into its Field Development program.
The oil reservoirs in remote areas and/or limited production, which productions are
intermittent, may be produced with GOR higher than five thousand (5 000) ft3/bbl. For this type of
production, the Contractor shall submit to PERUPETRO a technical economic study that justifies it.
Article 247.- Light crude management
The following measures should apply to tanks that collect light oil in production batteries, to
prevent loss by evaporation:
a) Fluids should be deposited at the lowest possible temperature.
b) The tanks should be light colored.
c) Should be preferred to use tanks of low-capacity, the highest and of the lowest diameter
d) Income pipes, inside the tank, should be designed to avoid splashing the fluid. Should be
submerged and be slotted to help the exit of the Natural Gas.
e) The gates should keep closed and the tanks equalizer.
f) Should have a visual measuring on the outside.
g) Should have a common line of collecting of vapor to recover light liquids or direct use as
Article 248.- Collection and Injection Pipe Systems
The collection and Injection Pipe systems, will be built according to the Regulation for
Hydrocarbon Transportation by Pipelines. For lines to Wells authorization will not require.
Article 249.- Maintenance program
There should be a maintenance program, inspection and calibration of the instruments of
the battery (meters, recorders, control valves and safety), and a Separators cleaning program and
Additionally, according to API standards, maintenance of pressure relief valves (safety)
should be done every two (2) years, unless the manufacturer's manual recommends a different
Article 250.- Well production record
The Contractor will have for each Well a record of production fluid, as well as the instruction
of services and events carried out during its productive life.
Article 251.- Wells Test
The Wells will be testing in the Production Batteries as often as posible, according to its
relative importance in the system. The test will last the necessary to be representative of the
characteristics of the fluid produced by the Well. It is recommended to make three (3) downhole per
Article 252.- Production for Battery Record
In a similar way to the Wells, the Contractor will take a record for each Production Battery
and of the total Production of the Contract Area.
Article 253.- Fiscalized Production Record
The Contractor will take a record of the Fiscalized Hydrocarbons Production and of the field
Production. The reasons of the diversion should be explained in the Monthly Production report.
Article 254.- Reliability of equipment in the Battery
In order to preserve the integrity, reliability and security of equipment and measurement in
Production Batteries, the Contractor shall take the following minimum actions:
a) To keep the meter in good operative conditions.
b) To protect the meters properly of the possible interference of unauthorized persons and
c) To install valves in the “by-pass”, when this exists in the meters, that seals in an effective
way the passing of fluid.
d) When the “by-pass” is opened should register this operation in the meter report.
e) Should provide a way of measuring or recording of the temperature for inclusion to the
f) Should exist a procedure to estimate in a reasonable way the Natural Gas volumenes do
not measure by accidental deterioration of their meters.
Article 255.- Installation of orifice meters
The orifice meter installation shall be in accordance with the API-MPMS standards, as the
referenced Article 288 of this Regulation, Report Nº 3 of AGA.
Article 256.- Improved Recovery
The Improved Recovery Operations may be carried out by injecting water, polymers,
nitrogen, Natural Gas or any fluid that is appropriate according to oil industry practices.
If in the Hydrocarbons Exploitation Operations are required large amounts of water for
Improved Recovery projects, the operator should based on the following criteria:
a) To use preferably the same formation water or sea water.
b) May use fresh water of the underground or surface sources only when they have
permission of the Competent Authority on terms of water resources. Copy of the authorization
should be sent to PERUPETRO and to OSINERG by the Contractor.
Article 257.- Secondary Recovery Projects – Injection System
If the Contractor wishes to make a Secondary Recovery project should inform
PERUPETRO. The Injection System should fill unless the following requeriments:
a) Collection System, which is composed of an independent adequate fluid supply source,
of reprocessing of produced or mixed water.
b) A treatment plant that suits the fluid for injection conditions counting with controls,
containers, pumps, devel, filters and the necessary chemical treatment.
c) Fluid storage facilities for normal operation and emergency.
d) Volume Injection system of adapted fluid to project, compatible with the formation where
will be injected and of corrosive controlled, multiple Injections, control, pumps, Wellheads and
e) Corresponding maintenance plans.
Natural Gas Injection Operations are not subjected to the requirements set forth in
paragraphs a) and c) of this Article.
Article 258.- Wells Service
When in a Well, is necessary to carry out a repair job, Wells Service, Recondition or
Workover, will be planned work based on the problem found, conditions that want to change and
behavior of neighboring Wells and their influence on the projected work.
Article 259.- Recondition or Workover Works
When a Contractor needs to perform Recondition or Workover works to Wells that are
located in or on the Production Platforms, should tell OSINERG, prior to commencing the activity.
Article 260.- Wells Service in the facilities
The Contractor may perform Wells Service operations according to its program and
operational needs, noting the measures required for environmental and security.
Article 261.- Wells Service responsibilitiy
The Contractor is also responsible of the work that executes the Wells Service Unit, Swab
or the wire Line, of the equipment cleaning and that these are in operative conditions. These
equipments will have a capacity and equipment enough for the programmed work and will be
equipped with qualified and experienced Personnel, equipped with safety equipment required by
Article 262.- Night operations of Swab
The Hydrocarbons Swab Operations should not be done at night. If that is neccesary, they
should inform OSINERG and will be carried out using lubricator with hydraulic packing ("oil saver").
In any case, should observe the following measures:
a) To avoid soil contamination by oil spills using waterproof membranes or other material,
checking the fit of the connections, the lubricator should be installed properly and packagings in
b) In case of spills, the ground should be cleaned by removing the contaminated soil,
transporting to the waste area and instead placing clean soil from the same place.
c) The water drawn from Wells intervened to be transported along with the oil to the
authorized unload place.
Article 263.- Rules for Wells Service Units equipment
Are applicable for the equipment of the Wells Service Unit, the Articles 117, 118, 119, 120
and 134 of this Regulation.
Article 264.- Operational security
The Contractor should ensure that, in addition to the measures outlined in the relevant
rules, be made the following operational security measures:
a) To verify that the Wellhead type is suitable for the operation, otherwise, replace it.
b) To be used BOP according with expected pressures at work. Its installation, use and
maintenance shall be as specified by the manufacturer's manual.
c) To set out of the fluid that controls the working pressures in the Well, enough to ensure a
d) That the work area only admits authorized Personnel and with the appropriate security
e) That the Location remains clean after carrying out the work.
Article 265.- Works Report
The Contractor shall require the subcontractor of the Well Service Unit a daily report
showing all work done to the Well, including the movement and assembly of the service unit,
replacement of equipment, hours worked and the final state of the equipment with settlement
depths of the Plugs (packers), pumps, number of elements in the different strings (tubing, rods,
etc.), as well as stopping times, wait, maintenance and accidents to be the case. To happen spill
these should be reported in the report as an environmental Accident.
Article 266.- Service register
Based on the report referred to in the preceding Article, the Contractor shall, for each Well,
a record of the Services and Workover made. In this record will show, at the end, the facility and
update situation of the Well and should take during the productive stage, until its abandonment.
Article 267.- Spills
Spill is considered, subject to report when the following amounts are lost, by spillage or
For liquid Hydrocarbons: 1,6 m3 (10 barrels).
For Natural Gas : 8 495,1 m3 (300 000 feet3).
Article 268.- Contingency Plan
The Contractor is obliged to submit to PERUPETRO, with copy to OSINERG and DGH, the
Contingency Plan for Oil Spills and Emergencies specified in the Regulation for Environmental
Protection in Hydrocarbon Activities. This plan will be check annually.
Article 269.- API practices
The activities set forth in this Chapter should be used the recommended practices by API
(latest edition) or any other institution of international standing, normally used in the oil industry,
SPEC 4E/4F, RP 4G, SPEC 8A, 8B, 8C.
SPEC 6A, 6 AR, 6D, 6 FA, 6 FC, 6 FB, RP 14H/14D,
SPEC 14A/17D, RP 14B/14C
RP 545, SPEC 5B, RP 5B 1/5C1, BULL 5C2/5C3, RP 5C5, SPEC 5CT, RP 15A4,
SPEC 15AR. Recomended practices for new Casing inspection. Tubbing and drillpipe.
RP 7A1, SPEC 9A, RP 54.
RP 11AR, SPE 11AX, SPEC 11B, RP 11BR, SPEC 11C,
RP 11S1, RP 11S2, RP 11S3, RP 11V5.
SPEC 11N Specifications for automatic transfer equipment (LACT).
SPEC 11P Specifications for compact gas compressors.
RP 11PGT Recomended practices for gas turbines.
RP 17A Recomended practices for design and submarine production Operations.
RP 38 Biological analysis of water injection.
RP 39 Procedure to assessing Hydraulic Fracturing fluids.
RP 41 Procedure for reporting the performance of Hydraulic Fracturing equipment.
RP 42 Recomended practices for laboratory testing of surface active agents for Well
RP 44 Recomended practices for Reservoir fluid sampling.
RP 45 Recomended practices for analysis of oil field waters.
RP 56 Recomended practices to test sand for Hydraulic Fracturing.
RP 57 Recomended practices for Completion operations, Service, Workover, Plugging and
Abandonment in offshore Wells.
RP 58 Recomended practices for use of sand in Engravable.
RP 60 Recomended practices to test materials, high resístanse packers to Hydraulic
RP 61 Recomended practices to evaluate packing elements conductive in Hydraulic
RP 63 Recomended practices to evaluate polymers used in Improved Recovery.
MPMS Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standard.
AGA Report Nº 3, Natural Gas Measurement and other hydrocarbon fluids (for specifications and
Article 270.- API Pools
The Contractor will use Pools of API design, intermediate treatment systems, advanced or
similar systems to separate water from oil production and provide that this production water does
not pollute surface water or groundwater. The provision of water is preferably made by Re-injection,
or on the surface, using the system approved in the Environmental Impact Assessment or PMA,
under the Regulation for Environmental Protection of Hydrocarbon Activities. The design and use of
the API pools are described in the following API's current publications, or which can be substituted:
PUBL 420 Discharge water management: Chemical coagulation and flocculation (Replaces
Manual of Disposal of Refinery Waste).
PUBL 421 Management of water discharges: design and operation of Water Separators - Oil.
Article 271.- Testing for tightness in lines of produced water
The lines of produced water discharge should be constructed in a way that can test for
SAFETY MEASURES IN PRODUCTION WELLS
Article 272.- Identification of Hydrocarbons and other fluid pipelines
Hydrocarbons and other fluids pipelines should be identified in accordance with the NTP
399.012. Additionally, the buried pipe should be marked at points where the risk to suffer
Article 273.- Accessibility to active production Wells
Active Production Wells should have roads properly maintained facilities for heliport or
vessels, if applicable.
Article 274.- Location of cylinders with chemicals
Cylinders with chemicals, should be maintained at a distance of ten (10) meters from the
Wellhead and far from any ignition source.
Article 275.- Design, construction, operation and maintainance of the production batteries.
Oil production batteries, should be designed, constructed, operated and maintained in
accordance with the corresponding rules, as well as the API recommended practices and
specifications listed in the current rules:
275.1 The battery should be provided with at least two dry chemical powder portable fire
extinguishers, with a certification of termination of 120.B.C., NTP 350.043 and 350.062.
275.2 Posters, notices or signs of security, according to risk.
275.3 The tank area will have dikes or any other equivalent.
275.4 Should be kept clean avoiding accumulations and/or Oil spills, as well as free of
vegetation and other fuel elements.
Article 276.- Gas separators from batteries
Gas separators from production batteries should be provided of safety valves to relieve
pressure and proper operation should be secured recalibrated them annually or more frequently, if
is recommended by the manufacturer.
Article 277.- Gas or vapor venting from the battery
The gas or vapors venting from the battery should be collected in pipes and transported to a
distance not less than fifteen (15) meters from the battery to be burned in a burner which height is
not less than six (6) meters and be located to leeward.
In the offshore, river or lake production platforms, the burners will be located at least fifteen
FISCALIZED HYDROCARBON MEASUREMENT
Article 278.- Fiscalized Oil
The measurement and Fiscalization of Hydrocarbons from the Contract Area shall be in the
frequency agreed in the Fiscalized Production Points established in the Contract, by Capacity or
Automatic Measurement. Fiscalized Hydrocarbons measured will be recorded in the respective
Article 279.- Automatic Measurement Systems
When using Automatic Measurement systems, the Contractor shall install two meters, one
of which will be operational and the other will be for replacement, they should be equipped with
metering ballots printer that will provide a daily written record of Fiscalized Hydrocarbons volumen.
Article 280.- Meters Testing
The Measurement equipment should be tested one (1) time per week at least and checked
periodically at the request of either Party.
Article 281.- Calibrations of Capacity and Measurement equipment
The calibration of Capacity and Automatic Measurement equipment shall be made
whenever necessary or at the request of either Party.
Article 282.- Fiscalized Liquid Hydrocarbon samples
In order to verify the physicochemical characteristics of Fiscalized Liquid Hydrocarbons at
Fiscalized Sites of the Production, periodically and as needed, but no less frequently than one (1)
time per month, Parties simultaneously collect three (3) sample of Fiscalized Liquid Hydrocarbons.
Those samples will be sealed and stored for (90) ninety days from the day of its collection. In case
of dispute, appropriate samples will be retained until the dispute is resolved.
In case of dispute or disagreement about the result of the analysis this will be resolved
according to the dispute settlement mechanism provided in the Contract and additionally, the matter
shall be referred to the entity that the parties agree (National University of Engineering - UNI,
INDECOPI , among others), whose rulings are binding on the parties.
Article 283.- Procedure
In case of producing Natural Gas in amounts that merit its commercialization, the Parties
will agree on the procedure for measuring, fiscalization and quality control of Natural Gas.
Article 284.- Equipment and Procedures for the Natural Gas Fiscalization.
I) About Equipment: Fiscalization Points for Natural Gas should include modern equipment
to carry out:
a) Continuous flow measurement using Natural Gas accepted practices and used in the
b) In addition, may install continuous measurement systems of the quality of Natural Gas or
automatic compensation for changes in specific gravity of Natural Gas or other appropriate
II) In relation to Procedure:
a) The unit of measurement shall be one thousand (1 000) cubic feet (28,317 m3) of Natural
Gas a base temperature of 15,56 °C (60 °F)) and base pressure of 1 kg/cm2.
b) The integration factor of the record charts of the volumes of gas delivered shall be
reviewed every six (6) months at least, on the basis of the determination of specific gravity average
of the last six (6) months.
c) The authorized representatives of the Parties shall make the change and sign
measurement charts or cards printers, to certify the authenticity of these charts.
d) The first working day every three (3) months the Parties will calibrate measuring
equipments in the presence of their representatives. If it is necessary will provide the necessary
actions to readjust equipments.
e) If any test is performed, any measuring equipment will show an inaccuracy of three
percent (3%) or more, the records will be corrected in proportion to such inaccuracy, for a period
that is exactly known and accepted by mutual agreement. If that period is not exactly known and
accepted by mutual agreement, then the correction will be done in half the time elapsed since the
last calibration date.
f) Natural Gas that is assigned to a Processing Plant for extracting only liquids that may
contain, will be measured at the entrance of the Processing Plant to determine its pressure and
calorific power. The measurement of this Natural Gas will be made by the BTU content per cubic
foot that is measured at this point. The remainder Gas of this Liquids extraction that is not
commercialized immediately, which calorific power should also be measured, can be used for
Injection or Re-injection or stored in its own Reservoir or from third parties until further
commercialization. The difference of the two measurements of the calorific power content will be
considered for Fiscalized effects.
Article 285.- Natural Gas Estimates
If for any reason the measuring equipment is out of service or unable to be repaired, so that
the quantity of Natural Gas to be delivered can not be estimated or computed from the readings to
be taken until that time, the Natural Gas delivered during that period will be estimated and accepted
by both Parties on the basis of the best available information and using one of the following
methods that are feasible:
a) Using the record of any other measurement control equipment that was installed and that
is recording with sufficient accuracy.
b) Considering the amounts that are delivered by those made during previous periods under
similar conditions when the measuring equipment was registering accurately.
Article 286.- Equipments reliability
In order to preserve the integrity, reliability and security of the fiscalization equipments, the
Contractor shall take the necessary actions. Likewise, PERUPETRO reserves the right to require
the installation of specific accessories to ensure the inviolability of measuring equipments.
Article 287.- Applying rules
The procedure for Hydrocarbons Capacity, Sampling, Measurement, Fiscalization and
Quality Control, shall be governed by the API, ASTM and AGA corresponding rules.
Article 288.- API Applications
In the activities set forth in this Chapter should use the API recommended practices, latest
edition, or any other institution of international standing, as contained in the MPMS (Manual of
Petroleum Measurement Standard) - latest edition, or any other internationally recognized institution
in the oil industry.
INFORMATION, INFRINGEMENTS AND PENALTIES
Article 289.- Confidentiality of information
The information gathered by the Contractor of its Operations should be given to
PERUPETRO and OSINERG under Article 37 of the Law, the same is confidential until the
completion of the period provided by Article 38 of the Law, or earlier if agreed by the Parties. The
Contractor is responsible for extending this rule to its Subcontractors.
Article 290.- Technical Information Manual
The information that is required by PERUPETRO to feed its database should be submitted
by the Contractor under the "Delivery Technical Information Manual", which will be supplied and
updated by PERUPETRO. Copy thereof will be sent to the DGH.
Article 291.- Information for the DGH
The information that the Contractor shall deliver to the DGH, with copy to PERUPETRO, is
I) Report of Reserves of the last year. The Contractor should deliver no later than January
of each year, to be used in preparing the Annual Report of Reserves, the following information:
a) Structural and net sand maps updated per structure.
b) Fluid information, pressures and parameters of reservoir rock.
c) Stock of proved, probable and possible locations.
d) Estimates of corresponding reserves.
II) Engineering of Reservoir-Production Study, economics and/or geology, to justify changes
in volumes of reserves over the previous year.
III) Annual production of Oil, Gas and Liquids Natural Gas Forecast, injection of fluids at
field level and summarized at Block level, until the economic limit.
IV) Estimated Reserves of Oil, Gas and Liquids Natural Gas, classified as proved
developed (in production and non production), proved undeveloped, probable and possible, detailed
for each field and summarized by Block at December 31 last year. Should be used and reported the
methodology and procedures approved, such as the SPE / WPC.
V) Estimate of developed Reserves by development drilling and/or exploratory during the
year preceding the current year.
VI) Workovers stock.
VII) Reasons for the differences between the estimated reserves figures at December 31
last year and reported this year.
VIII) Reserves to include for water and / or gas injection projects.
Article 292.- Other reports to submit to OSINERG and other institutions
Contractors shall, in addition to that provided in the preceding Article, submit the following:
a) Spill Report.
Spills, according to the provisions of Article 267 of this Regulation shall report to OSINERG
verbally and by fax within twenty four (24) hours of the occurrence, according to the form of
PRELIMINARY REPORT OF OIL OR DERIVATIVES SPILL OR LEAK prepared by OSINERG.
Copy of these reports should be sent to the DGH and PERUPETRO by the Contractor.
After conducting the corresponding investigation, shall be submitted to OSINERG within
seven (7) days after the occurrence, the REPORT OF SPILL OR LEAK OF OIL OR DERIVATED,
according to the form developed by OSINERG.
b) Accidents Report to OSINERG.
c) Security and mantainance annual programs, will be sent to OSINERG.
d) All other reports, samples, plans, designs, interpretations and other elements that the
DGH, PERUPETRO and the OSINERG ask the Cotnractor which cost has been recorded in books
as cost of Operations.
Article 293.- Punishable offences
Punishable offences are the breaching of the provisions of this Regulation. At the same
results punishable give false information or not provide the information required by PERUPETRO,
the DGH or the OSINERG. Sanctions will be imposed according to the current rule that approves
the Classification of Offences and Fines and Penalties Scale from OSINERG.
USE OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE PROPERTY GOODS
Article 294.- Rights for the use of public and private property goods
The Contractor has the right to manage permissions, user rights, easement and land
surface on private property and of the State, as well as related direct award of land whose
ownership belongs to the State, as the case.
Likewise, is authorized to use at free Title the soil, subsoil and air of public roads, streets,
squares and other public property, and to establish pathways in river crossings, bridges, railways,
power and communications lines.
Regarding the constitution of surface rights, are governed by the provisions of this Title, as
Article 295.- Types of easement in the Exploration and Exploitation Activities
The easement for the occupation of public and private goods, may be:
a) Of occupation of public or private goods;
b) By the way; and,
c) Of transit.
The right of easement shall include the occupation of the surface of soil and subsoil, if this
In cases of incompatibility between the requested easement and any other mineral
energetic right imposed about the property, this incompatibility shall be resolved by the MINEM.
Article 296.- Easement constitution
Legal easements, as well their amendment are constituted by Supreme Resolution. To this
effect, the MINEM should follow the administrative procedure that is indicated in this Regulation.
In the Supreme Resolution that constitutes or amends the easement right, will be indicated
the measures to be adopted to avoid the danger and inconvenience that can cause the instalations
that this comprise.
Article 297.- Obligation to indemnify and compensate
The constitution of the right of easement under the Law and this Regulation, obliges the
Contractor to indemnify. This compensation shall be fixed by agreement of the parties; otherwise,
shall be fixed by the MINEM, according to the provisions of Article 310 of this Regulation.
In addition, the right of easement granted to the Contractor the right of access to the
necessary area of the property, for purposes of monitoring and maintenance of facilities for which
the easement was motivated, should take the necessary measures to prevent damages being
subject, be the case, civil or criminal liability corresponding.
The constitution of the right of easement on properties whose ownership belongs to the
State is free, unless the property to be taxed is incorporated to any economic process or useful
purpose, in which case the Contractor shall pay the corresponding compensation in accordance
with current legislation.
Article 298.- Powers and obligations under the constitution of the right of easement
The right of easement gives the Contractor the right to build infrastructure or facilities
necessary for the implementation of the Contract through third-party property, on or below the soil
surface, and maintain ownership of such facilities separate from land ownership, prior
compensation that might arise under the provisions of this Regulation.
Article 299.- Rights of the owner of the servient estate
The constitution of the right of easement does not prevent the owner of the servient estate
to encircle or build in it, provided it is not made on the infrastructure or facilities and its zone of
influence, or on the areas over which is granted easement occupation, and as let the expeditious
means for operation, maintenance and repair of facilities, compliance with minimum safety
distances set out in this Regulation and the terms on which is constituted the right of easement.
Article 300.- Easement of temporary occupation
By Supreme Resolution may be set to the Contractor and as its request, temporary
occupancy easement on land whose ownership belongs to the State and privately owned lands in
order to use it for storage, storage of materials, pipe laying or any other services necessary for the
execution of the works. The temporary occupancy easement entitles the owner the servient estate
to receive payment as compensation established by the Regulation, for the time required for
execution of works.
The easement referred to in this Article, shall lapse on the completion of the works for which
it was authorized.
Article 301.- Transit easement
The right of easement for access roads and transit for the purposes of the Contract, shall be
constituted in accordance with the provisions of this Title, as are applicable.
Article 302.- Easements on private properties owned
The easements on private properties ownership is established by agreement between the
Contractor and the owner of the property andin the absence of agreement, by the procedure laid
down in this Regulation.
The Contractor shall request in writing to the owner, the adoption of the agreement for the
establishment of the right of easement.
The agreement between the parties shall appear in document issued by a Notary Public or
Justice of the Peace, and should be made aware of the DGH within a maximum period of thirty (30)
calendar days from its subscription.
After thirty (30) calendar days from the communication sent by the Contractor to the owner,
without the parties have reached an agreement, will expedite the Contractor's right to submit to the
DGH the application for the constitution of right of easement to be referred to in the following Article,
which shall accompany the record of the receipt of that communication by the landowner.
When the owner of the property to be taxed by the easement is not known or is uncertain,
or ignore its address, or any other similar situation which prevented, to identify or locate the owner,
the Contractor shall request the DGH a model of notice, to publish to its charge within ten (10)
calendar days after. Publication shall be for two (2) consecutive days in the official gazette El
Peruano and in one of the major newspapers where it is located the property concerned or the
greater part of it. The owner of the property to be taxed shall within ten (10) calendar days to acquit
the transfer, such period to be counted from the date of last publication. After this deadline,
Contractor may submit a request for the constitution of the right of easement referred to in the
following Article, without having previously studied the communication referred to in the preceding
paragraph. For this purpose, the Contractor shall attach to the application an affidavit of not being
able to establish the identity and address of owner.
CONCORDANCE: R. N° 678-2008-OS-CD, Appendix I, Art. 5, num. 5.1.1
Article 303.- Requirements to request easements constitution
The request for the constitution of one or more easements that the Contractor submits to
the DGH should include the following requirements:
a) Nature and type of the easement.
c) Technical and economic justification.
d) List of properties affected, with the name and address of each owner, if known. In the
case referred to in the last paragraph of Article 302, the Contractor shall attach corresponding
e) Description of the situation and current use of land and air to affect.
f) Copy of the registry corresponding to property to be affected, if applicable.
g) Descriptive specification and plans in UTM coordinates of the properties on which
requests the constitution of the right of easement, which will be attached copy of the plans where
the affected area is located in each of the servants properties with which owners no agreement
exists on the amount of compensation.
h) Respective valuations of the areas affected by each easement to be established, issued
by any of the entities referred to in Article 310 of this Regulation.
i) Whole pages of the publication in the Official Gazette El Peruano and one of the largest
circulation newspaper where the property is located, only for the case noted in the last paragraph of
Article 304.- Observation of the application
If the request does not meet the requirements specified in the preceding Article shall be
observed by the DGH and will only be processed if the applicant corrects the observations, within a
maximum period of ten (10) calendar days from the date of notification, otherwise the application
shall be considered abandoned.
Article 305.- Transfer of the request to the owner of the servient estate
Once approved the request, the DGH be conveyed to the owner of the servient estate
referred to in subparagraph g) of Article 303, attaching a copy of the petition and the documents
that support. The owner shall absolve the transfer within a maximum period of fifteen (15) working
If the right of easement lies on properties whose ownership belongs to the State, DGH will
request the corresponding report to the entity or division to which is assigned the land area of the
easement. The report should indicate whether the property to be taxed is incorporated to any
economic process or useful purpose. If within fifteen (15) calendar days to notify the referred
entities or sectors, do not resolve the required report, shall be deemed to have no comments to the
request of constitution of the right of easement, the DGH should proceed to prepare a report and
the corresponding Supreme Resolution project, as provided by the Article 308.
Article 306.- Owner's right to object
The opposition of the owner to the constitution of the right of easement shall be duly
substantiated, and if applicable, shall attach the documentation it deems appropriate and necessary
to justify its opposition.
The DGH shall notify the Contractor for completing the formalities and present relevant
exculpatory evidence within ten (10) calendar days of notified.
Article 307.- Search on the opposition
If the Contractor searches to the opposition of the owner, the right of easement will be
established to the amendments accepted by the Contractor.
If, as a result of opposition from the owner to the valorisation by the Contractor, the parties
reached an agreement on the amount of compensation that is to pay, the Supreme Resolution
constituting the right of easement will establish as compensation the agreed amount by the parties,
a situation in which there is no recourse for recovery expert referred to the Article 310.
If the Contractor does not absolve the opposition raised center of the fixed term, the
application shall be considered abandoned.
Article 308.- Approval of the easement
Within a maximum of five (5) calendar days after the deadline for the owner to absolve the
move without having done or having notice of opposition after it acquitted by the Contractor and in
both cases, after receiving the expert report referred to the Article 310, if applicable, the DGH
prepare the report and the draft Supreme Resolution ordering the constitution of easements and the
compensation due, within the same time raising the issue acted for. Supreme Resolution shall be
issued within ten (10) following calendar days and shall be countersigned by the Minister of Energy
and Mines and the Minister of Agriculture.
Article 309.- Challenges to the constitution of easements
The Supreme Resolution that constitutes or amends a unique easement could be
challenged in the administrative via by the appeal for reversal. This appeal is optional.
The deadline for filing the appeal for reversal is five (5) working days notice of the resolution
and will be resolved within a maximum of ten (10) working days bringing the appeal, after which it is
understood that has been configured the negative administrative silence, in accordance with the
provisions of the Law Nº 27444.
Contentious administrative action referred to the Law Nº 27584, only proceed with respect
to the amount fixed as compensation. The legal challenge of the Supreme Resolution that imposes
or modifies the easement will not suspend its execution.
Article 310.- Expert valuation of property
Compensation shall be determined by the valuation expert to conduct a professional
specialty of the activity in the area of the property to be taxed by the easement, designated by
Technical Corps of Valuations, Valuations National Council or the relevant professionals
Associations, the same that will be determined by the DGH, unless the owner of the servient estate
does not absolve the transfer of the constitution request of easement within the period prescribed in
Article 305, in which case the DGH should be considered as compensation the amounts indicated
in the valuation submitted by the Contractor under subparagraph h) of Article 303. The entity to be
determined by the DGH is an entity different from the one that prepared the valuation report
submitted by the Contractor in its application.
The valuation will include:
a) A compensation for the use of land to be taxed by the easement, that in no case be less
than the tariff value of the land approved by the Ministry of Agriculture.
b) A possible compensation for loss of earnings during the time horizon of the easement,
calculated according to the usual activity of the conductive.
The amount of the fees for the valuation entity will be borne by the Contractor.
Article 311.- Payment of compensation
The amount of compensation set by Supreme Resolution shall be paid by the Contractor
within ten (10) calendar days after the deadline to appeal for reconsideration referred to in Article
309, in the case that this appeal had been filed. Should have brought the appeal for
reconsideration, the period is counted from the notification of the resolution that solves the appeal
for reconsideration, or since that the person adversely has brought the corresponding appeal from
the expiry of the deadline to resolve the resource provisions of Article 309 without issued the
Supreme Resolution to solve it.
Compensation shall be paid direct to the owner, unless this refuses to receive payment or
has not conclusively proven his right to property, or when the owner of the property taxed was not
known or uncertain, or ignore his home or in any other similar situation which prevented, to identify
or locate the owner, or appropriate compensation for damages caused to third parties other than
the owner to conduct or be in possession of the property, by any Title, according to the report of the
expert. In such cases, the Contractor shall record judicially the amount of compensation, such
payments being subject to the rules of the Civil Code and the Code of Civil Procedure. Shall deposit
the compensation with the submission of the copy of the writ admitting of the respective application.
After making the payment or deposit the compensation, the Contractor may enter and take
possession of the property on part of which the easement has been established for the purpose of
fulfilling the purpose for which it constitutes.
The contradiction to the request for judicial offer of payment of compensation in any case
shall not suspend the exercise of right of easement under the Supreme Resolution exhausted
administrative channels or application of negative administrative silence.
In case of opposition by the owner or conductor of the servient estate the income of the
Contractor for the exercise of the servitude shall be entitled to the DGH request that the competent
authority has the entry and taking possession of part of the servient estate to the assistance of the
public force without prejudice to initiating legal action that could take place. Contractor shall have
the same right in the case of easements established by agreement of the parties referred to in
The exercise by the Contractor from the easement imposed under this Title VII and other
applicable regulations shall not be considered as an act of disrupted of the possesion of the owner,
or owner of the servient estate.
Article 312.- Extinction of easements
By Supreme Resolution, at the request of a party or ex officio, shall declare the extinction of
easements established when:
a) Without previous authorization, the Contractor assigns the easement to a different
purpose for which it was requested.
b) Term is given to the purpose for which the easement established.
c) Breaching the payment of the compensation fixed by Administrative Resolution or by
Judicial Resolution firm.
Article 313.- Extinction Procedure of the Easement.
The extinction procedure of the easement will begin at the Ministry of Energy and Mines.
Once admitted the request, the DGH be conveyed to the party or parties, attaching a copy
of the petition and the supporting documents. The DGH will notify the party or parties concerned,
who shall respond to the request within a maximum of fifteen (15) calendar days of notification. If
within that period is not filed an acquittal, is deemed not to have comments on the extinction
After the period referred to in the preceding paragraph within ten (10) calendar days the
DGH will prepare the Supreme Resolution Draft that will be supported by a technical report,
submitting the case to the hierarchical superior for its issue.
The Supreme Resolution shall be issued within the following fifteen (15) calendar days and
shall be countersigned by the Ministers of Energy and Mines and Agriculture.
First.- Are applicable the list of rules and international practices for the Oil industry
mentioned in this Regulation, alternatively, will apply the best practices for use in the referred
Second.- Contractors, if possible and as part of the management system of the company,
tend to get the Certifications of Environmental Management Systems (ISO 14 000 or equivalent)
and Risk Management, as web as Safety and Occupational Health (OHSAS 18 000 or equivalent),
which should contain at least the following:
a) Environmental Policy of Safety, Hygiene and Occupational Health.
b) Risk Analysis.
c) Objectives and goals of each one of the items.
d) Platform for Structure and Responsibility Platform, Communication and Formal
e) Operational Control about critical elements.
f) Plans and Education and Training Programs.
g) Emergency Plans and Response Capacity.
h) Management Review.
Third.- The regulation does not limit the use of systems, methods, materials or accessories
equivalent or superior quality, strength, effectiveness, durability and safety prescribed here.
However, the proposal that differs from the Regulation shall be supported technically to the
In case of discrepancy between codes and standards or between them and the rules
indicated in this Regulation shall prevail the ones that give greater security to the facilities.
Fourth.- In order to allow the incorporation of new technological developments, new
products or materials, or new requirements, the DGH may approve the use of other codes and
standards equivalent or practices of design, construction, operation or maintenance are not
considered in this Regulation provided that their use is normal acceptance in international oil
industry. The codes and standards and practices approved shall be deemed and incorporated into
First.- In the case of Wells that are in Temporary Abandonment Condition (ATA) or
Permanent (APA) that are highly risky environmental liabilities to the public and the environment,
the competent authorities, according to the principles of law and legal norms, determine
responsibility and security measures taken for maintenance and permanent abandonment.
Second.- In Exploitation contracts which are in force at the date of adoption of this
Regulation, the first technical report of evaluation, referred to in Article 210, will be presented in
January, following two (2) years the adoption of this Regulation.
Third.- Regarding the obligation of presentation of the PAAS referred to the Article 21 of this
regulation, it shall be requirable from the month of November 2005.
Fourth.- Administrative proceedings before the entry into force of this Regulation shall be
governed by the previous regulations to its conclusion.
PERUVIAN TECHNICAL STANDARDS
NTP 399.012 Identifying colors of pipeline for transportation of fluids in gaseous or liquid state in
Onshore facilities and vessels.
NTP 350.043 Selection, Cataloguing, Installation and Operation of extinguishers
NTP 350.062 Relative Effectiveness of Extinction (Rating).