The Habich Site (15JF550) is a multi-component site formerly located in northern Jefferson County, Kentucky on a terrace of the Ohio River. Following extensive data recovery in 1990, it was totally destroyed by the excavation of a marina near the Captain’s Quarters restaurant on River Road at the mouth of Harrod’s Creek. Importantly, however, it is believed that the entire site area was exposed and documented during excavations, providing us with a rare look at the totality of an Archaic settlement. The most significant component of the Habich Site contains the remains of an occupation that occurred just prior to, or during, the late Archaic-Early Woodland interface about 3,000 years ago. A few cultural features were found to a depth of 1.8 meters below ground surface, but the overwhelming majority of features and artifacts were revealed just below a 30-40 centimeter thick plowzone. Most of the features dated to the Late Archaic period. The Habich Site was primarily a habitation locus with on-site interment of the dead. The site probably represents an annually recurring seasonal occupation of at least several months duration, including at least late summer and fall. The presence of large and heavy nutting-related cupstones found in the features along with other groundstone tools (pestles and axes) indicates an occupation of some time depth and repetition. These tools were much too cumbersome to be easily transportable in a more mobile life-style. Clustering of the semi-stationery vegetable processing tools and associated plant remains (nutshell) indicates specialized activity areas for this task. A total of 100 features presented evidence of a variety of everyday activities such as food procurement, resources processing, refuse disposal, tool manufacture, storage, and ceremony. Twenty-four burials were found amid the features, and opens the question about to what extent burial is ancillary to the principal site function. Several radiocarbon dates were obtained from this s. A date of 3,480 + 100 was obtained from feature 81, and a date of 4,480 + 80 was derived from feature 6. The earlier date suggests an occupation coincidental with that of the shellmound sites aat the Falls of Ohio investigated by Donald Janzen, such as Hoke (12HR103), Old Clarksville (12CL1). It is also similar to the date from the Lone Hill Site (15JF10) formerly located in central Jefferson County, Kentucky. Few shells were recovered from this site, but charred nuts and other preserved botanic remains were collected. Animal bone was also found, along with numerous artifacts of a variety of types. Projectile point types recovered from the site include numerous stemmed McWhinney examples.
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