Forklift Operation Guidelines NT

Document Sample
Forklift Operation Guidelines NT Powered By Docstoc
					             FORM:           Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE)

             NUMBER:         TBA

INTRODUCTION                                            disorders, vision and eye disorders, hearing
As a *** Forklift Operator you have certain             disorders, vertigo, locomotor disabilities, or
occupational health and safety responsibilities,        diabetes.
these responsibilities are:
                                                        If you suffer from any of these conditions you
        To work safely.                                must advise your supervisor, who will arrange
        To    suggest      health     and    safety    for a medical assessment with a *** appointed
         improvements.                                  doctor, to ensure you still meet the
        To report all accidents, incidents and near    requirements.
These Guidelines have been developed to assist
you in meeting these responsibilities. Once you         While waiting for loading or unloading, or during
have read the Guidelines, you will be asked to          a break, take a walk around, stretch – you could
complete a set of questions to check your               even try some of the following exercises:
understanding of the requirements.

Depending on the work that you do, there may
be other Guidelines you will need to read and
follow; your supervisor will discuss this with you.

The forklift is the key piece of equipment in
materials handling. As a forklift operator you
carry out an important function in keeping goods
and materials moving through the workplace.
                                                        Lower Back Arches - Put your hands in the small
                                                        of your back. Gently lean backwards.
The safe and competent operation of a forklift is
a skill, which, once acquired, demands both             Truck Twist - With feet shoulder width apart and
mental and physical alertness to maintain a             arms folded at the front of your body and held up
desirably high degree of safety with efficiency.        to shoulder height - slowly and gently twist the
Your skill as an operator is of concern to              upper body to the left and then to the right.
everyone in the workplace; firstly to always
anticipate hazards which will endanger you or           Shoulder Rolls - Standing, keep your arms
our fellow workers; and secondly to drive and           relaxed by your side. Rotate shoulders in as a
operate to reduce damage to goods or materials          full a range of movements as possible - up,
due to your actions at the controls.                    back, forwards and backwards.
In relation to the use and operation of a forklift,     Elbow Pull - With one hand touch the other side
managers, supervisors and operators must                of the back of shoulder. To have an extra stretch
abide by the relevant Occupational Health&              place your hand on elbows and gently push
Safety legislation, as well as specific legislation     down.
in relation to forklifts or any other associated
Acts and Regulations and these Guidelines.              Neck Stretches - Moving your neck, look down,
                                                        look left, look right.
Operator Health                                         Slow Walk - Walk on the spot by placing your
                                                        weight on the balls of your feet. Continue to
Various conditions can impact your eligibility to       alternate right and left sides.
operate a forklift safely these can include
cardiovascular conditions, chronic alcohol              What Contributes to Forklift Accidents?
abuse, the use of drugs, some psychiatric
disorders,   some    neurological  conditions,          Time – most accidents occur soon after starting
neuromuscular disorders such as Multiple                work, or just before finishing and the 10 minutes
Sclerosis    and    Parkinsonism,     cognitive         prior to and after meal breaks.
impairment, head injuries, syncope, sleep
9/9/10                                                                                              Page 1 of 5
                                                SAFETY 4 LIFE
          FORM:             Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE)

          NUMBER:           TBA

Equipment – using forklifts for tasks they are              Hand brake – check and adjust
not designed for.                                           Foot brake – check pedal travel
                                                            Steering – turn lock to check for slackness
Environment – uneven ground or wet                          Horn – operating
conditions.                                                 Lights – operating
                                                            Warning devices – operating
Drivers – complacency, carelessness,                        Seat Belt – fitted & operational
inexperience or ignorance of consequences.
                                                            A Daily Forklift Checklist is available to you;
Loads – ignoring hazardous loads.                           these must be completed & signed every day.
                                                            Your supervisor will then arrange to make any
People – people working in forklift traffic areas           required repairs and file the Daily Forklift
not being aware of their presence or being                  Checklist booklet when it is full. This ensures we
ignorant about how they operate.                            meet our requirements with regard to legislation.

Authority to Drive                                          Regular Preventive Maintenance

Only authorised persons who are holders of a                Records are kept on file for each forklift showing
forklift licence may drive or operate a forklift.           the service history of each machine. Service
HSE F04.2_9 Forklift Competency must be                     intervals will vary from site to site, depending on
successfully completed by all operators when                usage and environmental variables, however as
employed if they hold a Forklift License                    a guide machines should be serviced at 3
                                                            monthly intervals. Make sure you know the
Mandatory Checks Before Operating                           service intervals for your forklift, if you don’t ask.
                                                            If you are aware that your forklift requires
Before Starting                                             preventive maintenance you need to advise your
Mast, carriage & chains – secure, undamaged &
Forks – level & undamaged
Load Guard – secure and undamaged
Tyres – front & back, should adequately inflated
Overhead Guard – secure & undamaged
Head, tail & Indicator Lights – secure &
Counterweight – secure
LPG Bottle (if fitted) – secure, connections tight
and gas turned on, date stamp within 10 years
Overhead Guard – secure & undamaged                         Report all defects such as damaged forks, faulty
Step – clean and non-slip                                   tyres, flat pneumatic tyres, damaged solid tyres,
Seat – secure & in reasonable condition                     faulty horns, defective brakes or steering,
Data/Rating Plate – fitted & readable                       damaged seating etc.
Check Fluid Levels – engine oil, transmission oil,
hydraulic oil, cooling water, battery level, brake          When the following defects are noted - do not
fluid, fuel level                                           drive and ensure keys are removed & given to
Attachments – sound and secure, allowed by                  your supervisor when advising the problem.
Data Plate                                                  Place an Out of Service Tag on the forklift
Mirrors In Good Condition (No cracks, clean)                indicating it is not to be driven.

Fork On                                                        Defective Brakes
                                                               Missing Guards (Overhead, Apron and Foot
Start engine – listen for strange noises                        Guards)
Engine at idle – visually check emission                       Defective Steering
Gauges & instruments – operating, undamaged                    Ineffective Hand Brakes
Hydraulics – mast raise, lower, tilt                           Damaged Hydraulic Hoses
9/9/10                                                                                                       Page 2 of 5
                                                    SAFETY 4 LIFE
           FORM:            Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE)

           NUMBER:          TBA

Other defective items reported must be repaired
within a practical time period. Under no
circumstances should you undertake repairs

Safe Working Loads (S.W.L)

Know the safe working load (S.W.L) of the
forklift as well as the details exhibited on the
load notice plate. A forklift without a notice plate
cannot be legally operated.

Assess the load weight before lifting and stay
within the rated capacity of the fork lift truck. All
forklifts will have a “Rated Capacity” given at a           When approaching corners, slow down and
load centre of 600mm. If the weight on the pallet            sound the horn. Stop on blind corners.
is not evenly distributed the centre of gravity will        Drive with the tines as low as possible.
shift. You must know the load centre of your
                                                            Do not exceed site speed limit.
                                                            Always give pedestrians the right of way.
Safe Driving Practice

    Be observant and keep alert.
    Do not drive across an incline and only drive
     on a hard surface. The dynamic stability of a
     forklift carrying its rated load at full height
     can be significantly affected by floor
     imperfections that produce a height
     difference of more than 40 mm across the
     front wheels.
    Do not operate internal combustion engines
     in enclosed spaces where there is a danger
     from exhaust fumes.

                                                            If a load blocks your view when travelling
                                                             forward, travel in reverse. A guide must be
                                                             used when visibility is restricted.
                                                            Stop, start and turn gently. Avoid fast turns
                                                             and jerky stops.
                                                            Wear your seat belt. In the event that your
                                                             forklift overturns do not try to jump from the
                                                             cabin, this is the safest place to be, as it has
                                                             been designed to protect you. Brace
                                                             yourself with your feet; keep your hands on
    Never lift people or carry passengers unless            the steering wheel, if the truck is tilting
     on an approved attachment (Work Platform).              sideways, lean against the direction of the
    Before and when reversing, look in the                  tilt.
     direction of travel.                                   Do not bring the machine to a stop in an
    Always watch that overhead clearances are               abrupt manner. Always apply the brakes
     sufficient.                                             with care. It is difficult to stop quickly on wet
    Go slowly when reversing down ramps.                    or greasy surfaces. Loss of stability under
     Fast speeds on down inclines are                        braking is a significant cause for concern in
     dangerous.                                              forklift operation. Tests and computer
                                                             modelling indicate that on a fully laden

9/9/10                                                                                                   Page 3 of 5
                                                 SAFETY 4 LIFE
           FORM:           Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE)

           NUMBER:         TBA

     forklift the operator can only apply 30-50%          Only tilt forward when the load is
     of the available braking before tipping               immediately over the stack or when the
     occurs.                                               machine is parked.
    Do not leave the machine without stopping            Lower the load to the lowest point for travel.
     the engine, applying the handbrake and
     lowering the tine or rollgrab.                       Special care is needed when lifting long
    Do not drive an unregistered forklift on a            loads.
     public road.
    Do not interfere in any way with the              Attachments & Stability
     mechanism of the appliance.
    Make sure you are familiar with your Site            Attachments will affect the stability & the
     Traffic Plan and that you comply with all the         lifting capacity of the forklift.
     requirements of the plan. If you don’t have a        The Rating Plate must give the lifting
     copy of this plan, obtain one from your               capacity for the forklift and the attachment
     supervisor.                                           you are using. You cannot fit an attachment
    Keys must never be left in an unattended              to a forklift that has not been rated for it.
     forklift.                                            The weight and thickness of the attachment
                                                           will reduce the lifting capacity.
                                                          Ensure that the attachment is correctly fitted
                                                           and securely locked in position.

Safe Lifting Practices

Ensure the load is within the capacity shown on
the approved load notice plate (S.W.L) at all

                                                       Special Attachments

                                                       Special attachments should be used when

                                                          200 litre drums (Drum Clamps)
    Never lift loads on one tine.
                                                          Extension of tines (Slippers)
    Only lift loads with one forklift.
                                                          Pushing pallets (Pallet Ram)
    Never put slings around tines. Use an
     approved jib attachment.                             Paper Reels (Rollgrab)
    Check the pallet is in good order and
                                                       Special attachments shall be returned            to
     capable of supporting the load.
                                                       designated storage area after use.
    Approach the load squarely and ensure that
     the load is trimmed centrally.                    Working Platforms
    Ensure that the tines are fully engaged with
     the load against the fork apron.                  Such platforms may be used only on an
                                                       approved forklift and on the following conditions:
    Always lift loads with the mast vertical or on     The relevant authority has approved the
     a backward tilt.                                     platform.
    Do not elevate loads with the truck on an          The supervisor for the use of the platform
     incline.                                             has given specific authority on each
                                                          occasion it is used to raise an employee.
9/9/10                                                                                               Page 4 of 5
                                               SAFETY 4 LIFE
           FORM:           Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE)

           NUMBER:         TBA

    If the forklift is to be moved, the platform     Hazard Identification
     must first be lowered to its lowest position.
    No ladder or other gear is to be used on or      All *** employees are required to identify
     from the platform to gain additional height.     hazards and work towards the removal of these
                                                      hazards so they no longer present a risk in the
Fuelling with Petrol/Diesel                           workplace.

    Park in close proximity to the pump              All hazards that you cannot immediately fix
    Smoking and/or sources of ignition are not       yourself must be reported to your Team
     permitted within the pump facility.              Leader/supervisor.
    Make sure motor of forklift is turned off
     before refuelling.                               You may report them verbally but a Hazard ID
    Immediately clean up any spillage of fuel to     Form must also be filled in and handed to your
     reduce slip hazard.                              team Leader /Supervisor.

Fuelling with L.P. Gas                                These are a *** HSE requirement and all
                                                      employees are expected to be involved in these
    Smoking and naked lights are prohibited in       activities.
     the fuelling area.
    Park at fuelling area in proper manner
     hydraulics down and park brake ‘on’.
                                                      Incidents and Near Misses
    Use gloves and keep hands clear of cold
                                                      All Incidents and Near Misses must be reported,
    Bottles should be replaced at approx. 10%.       even if there is no damage and no one is hurt.
                                                      The only way for us to prevent accidents is to
                                                      identify and control the hazards that cause them.
Changing Bottles                                      Reporting incidents and near misses assists us
                                                      to do this.
    Switch off engine.
    Turn off cylinder valve.                         Your supervisor will help you to complete an
    Disconnect take-off hose.                        Hazard/Incident Report. You may also be asked
    Release straps holding bottle to vehicle.        to participate in the investigation of the incident
    Remove empty bottle and pack in rack.            or near miss.
    Take new bottle and place in position on
     vehicle.                                         The purpose of these investigations is not to find
    Check that fuel line will reach bottle           someone to blame, it is to identify and control
     coupling.                                        the hazard that resulted in the incident or near
    Secure bottle firmly in straps.                  miss.
    Reconnect take-off hose.
    Open bottle main valve.
Battery Charging
 Charging must be carried our in a well              In this booklet we have dealt briefly with a few
    ventilated area.                                  simple rules of safe driving and safe operation of
 Each charger should have its own power              a fork lift truck.
    source with clear access to the switch.
                                                      The person who is determined to become a
 Do not smoke or allow naked flames near
                                                      proficient operator will apply themselves not only
    charging batteries.
                                                      to learning and practising the rules illustrated,
 Do not allow metal objects to be in contact
                                                      but will expand their skill and knowledge by
    with the battery connections.
                                                      applying themselves conscientiously to the task,
 Use special protective clothing and eye
                                                      using these rules as a basis, until everybody in
    protection when checking batteries.
                                                      the workplace refers to you as ‘a professional’.

9/9/10                                                                                              Page 5 of 5
                                              SAFETY 4 LIFE

Shared By: