Flesherton Solar Park Project Description Report draft by ubxKoBx

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    Flesherton
    Solar Park                                    May 4th

    Project
    Description
    Report
                                                  2011
    Draft
                                                                                   Local
    Flesherton Solar Park is a 500 kW ground mount project that is attempting
    to develop electricity for the local community, while minimizing negative
                                                                                production,
    impact to its environment.                                                   for local
                                                                                customers!
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Table of Contents

1.0 BACKGROUND
      1.1 Ownership and Legal Description
      1.11 Flesherton Solar Park Limited Partnership
      1.2 Benefits of Flesherton Solar Park
      1.3 Economic Benefits
      1.4 Flesherton Solar Park Strategy

2.0 GENERAL INFORMATION
      2.1 Contacts
      2.2 Authorizations required

3.0 ENERGY SOURCE
      3. 1 How do photovoltaic tiles work?

4.0 FACILITIES, EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY
      4.1 Facilities
      4.2 1 installation Equipment
      4.22 Operations Technology and Equipment
      4.221 Solar Panels
      4.222 Inverters
      4.223 Racking
       4.3 System Specifications

5.0 CLASS AND NAME PLATE CAPACITY

6.0 ACTIVITIES
      6.1 Access Road Construction
      6.2 Site Preparation
      6.3 Installation of support structures
      6.4 Underground cable installation
      6.5 Distribution Line Erection
      6.6 Site Security
      6.7 Operations
      6.8 Maintenance and Inspection
      6.9 Decommissioning

7.0 Description of Environmental Effects
      7.1 Project Site Description
      7.2 Preliminary Records Review
      7.3Potential Environment Constraints
      7.31 Natural Environment
      7.32 Social Environnent

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       7.33 Environment components

8.0 MAPS
      8.1 Site location
      8.2 Soil Map
      8.3 Environmental Map
      8.4 Project Preliminary layout
      8.5 Project setbacks map
      8.6 Solar Park Photo log

9.0 Appendix
      9.1 Photovoltaic Module Specifications
      9.2 Inverter specification
      9.3 Tracker specification

10.0 Preliminary Construction Plan




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1.0 Background
In October 2009, the Government of Ontario passed the Green Energy and Green Economy Act
with the express purpose of creating renewable energy in the province. The act promoted a
feed-in tariff program that was modelled on a successfully implemented program in Germany.

The government, through the Ontario Power Authority, instituted a program of purchasing
power from the private sector at various levels, depending on energy source (wind, solar,
biogas), as well as project size and/or project type.

The incentives for generating energy currently can be considered lucrative and have
successfully “jumpstarted” the green energy industry in Ontario. The program includes Ontario
content rules, though contested by foreign organizations as being a means of unfair trade
practices, which have created jobs and investment in the industry throughout the province.
Some estimates put the number of jobs created as high as 50,000.

The program has its detractors, both energy source specific (not wanting wind farms in my
backyard) and general (lack of municipal authority to stop or control green energy
development). The incentives offered to the private sector to produce electricity also have
drawn comment.

Press coverage has been mixed in respect to the program’s implementation:

              Solar feed-in-tariff reductions in July 2010
              Local hydro distribution companies failing to meet demand for connection and
               transmission of energy produced

Although the program has been overwhelmingly successful in generating private-sector energy
projects, implementation has been met with some key roadblocks:

              An antiquated hydro grid cannot handle transmission of produced electricity from point
               of production to end customers. Distribution availability tests and connection impact
               assessments have delayed projects. Particularly, large projects that have significant




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                distance to transformer stations have been delayed by the technical limitations of the
                grid;
               The domestic financial community has been slow to respond to the funding of projects;
               And the limited supply of Ontario content approved equipment has hampered
                installations. Fortunately, domestic supply is quickly improving.

At present, the ability to implement projects has been limited by infrastructure bottlenecks,
which include lack of connection capabilities to the hydro grid, as well as lack of transmission
capacity to bring the produced electricity to end users.


1.1 Ownership and legal description
The Flesherton Solar Park Limited Partnership will develop and own the project in partnership with Solar
Utility Network Inc. The land is controlled by Flesherton Solar Park through a 20-year lease agreement
between Flesherton Solar Park and Nancy and David Petch, with options to extend the lease for an
additional 30 years.
The legal description of the property is as follows:
Parts of lots 145 and 146 concession 1.
Part of lot 145 concession 1
All of lot 34 concession 1
Grey highlands, Ontario

1.11Flesherton Solar Park Limited Partnership
Flesherton Solar Park Limited Partnership is a single purpose partnership, whose mission is to develop,

build and operate a 500 kW solar park for the benefit of the Village of Flesherton.


1. 2 Benefits of Flesherton Solar Park
The benefits of Flesherton Solar Park are as follows:

            o   Offers the traditional benefits of a solar green energy installation :
            o   A decrease in the amount of local air pollution when compared with traditional forms of
                energy production;
            o   No emission of carbon dioxide, reducing global greenhouse gases;
            o   Quiet, clean, low-maintenance generation.



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           o   Provides a level of energy that can be connected to the grid with limited strain because
               the Flesherton Solar Park takes advantage of the three-phase transmission that
               borders the property ;
           o   Strategically located to end users such as residents of the Village of Flesherton and the
               water treatment plant adjacent to the project property;
           o   Project uses land that is currently underutilized due to poor soil conditions for farming;
           o   The location is unobtrusive to the community’s scenic but remains close to residents for
               maximum energy benefit;
           o   Use of tracker technology and the project’s overall size offer a relatively small footprint
               requirement for installation;
           o   The project is small enough that it will not present a high risk of creating a long feed-in
               problem for the grid;
           o   Tracker technology offers energy production maximization from the area’s relatively
               heavy snowfall;
           o   Tracker technology minimizes the amount of groundcover required to create a 500 kW
               solar park;
           o   Installation can be completed with relatively little disturbance to the community due to
               the project’s location;
           o   Tracker technology, which uses a ballast system for implementation, offers the
               opportunity to have a clean and simple decommissioning execution.


1.3 Economic Benefits
The Flesherton Solar Park has many economic benefits to the community:
           o   Ground mounted project is a cost effective ( 44 cents )means for energy production in
               the context of other solar projects ( micro fit ground mount, 64 cents; micro fit roof
               mount, 80 cents; or commercial rooftop, 71 cents);
           o   Project will use local installation crews and electricians;
           o   Project supplies (concrete etc.) will be sourced locally;
           o   Project servicing will be done by the local community;
           o   Local production for local use -- the project is not expected to pose significant
               connection or transmission demands on the grid;


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             o   Primary limited partners are from the community.


1.4 Flesherton Solar Park Project strategy
Flesherton Solar Park strategy is based upon these principles:

             o   Develop a solar park that is limited in size to minimize the negative impact on the total
                 ecosystem where it resides. This would include the current capabilities of the grid, as
                 well as the community of Flesherton.
             o   Park is to be situated close to end users to minimize transmission requirements of the
                 Ontario hydro grid;
             o   Use land that is classified 4-7 with minimal agricultural value;
             o   Focus on ground mount projects with state of the art light sensitive tracking systems to
                 maximize effectiveness and effectively deal with the area’s heavy snowfall;
             o   Use light sensitive tracking technology to maximize electricity production yield per acre
                 and per solar panel;
             o   Minimize the project’s environmental impact.

Rationale:

             o   Small-scale projects, such as Flesherton Solar Park, can be located closer to transformer
                 stations with capacity and limit “long feeder” transmission issues;
             o   Total space requirements (about 15 acres) diminishes space requirements versus
                 similar fixed ground mount projects (50 % more land covered by solar panels);
             o   Trackers with ballast engineering can be effectively and efficiently dismantled at the end
                 of the park’s economic life, with minimal long-term environmental impact;
             o   The Ontario Power Authority currently offers a 44-cent rate per kW hour produced on
                 ground mount installations, which is the most cost effective rate among the solar energy
                 categories. The cost effectiveness of the Flesherton Solar Park reduces the financial
                 burden to the taxpayer compared to more expensive forms of solar energy production,
                 such as commercial rooftop (currently 71 cents) or micro-fit installations (64 or 80
                 cents);
             o   Small green energy projects create less demand on the grid and are a good fit to the
                 local markets they serve.



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2.0 General Information
The name of the proposed project is Flesherton Solar Park. The project is located at the north end of the
Village of Flesherton in the municipality of Grey Highlands. The leased property is vacant. There are no
buildings, structures (houses, barns, etc.) or installations of any kind on the leased property that would
interfere with the proposed use. The wooded area has minimal impact on the proposed site location.


2.1 Contacts
The following is the contact information for both the applicant and the consultant representing the
applicant for the prospective solar park:
Applicant Name: Flesherton Solar Park Inc.
Applicant Address: 12 Kingsgarden Rd., Toronto, Ontario M8X 1S6
Applicant Phone No.: 647 988 4024
Applicant E-Mail: efreibauer@solarutilitynetwork.ca


2.2 Authorizations required
Permits and licences and authorization such as those listed below, in addition to the renewable energy
approvals (REA), may be required for the project to proceed:
       As a ground mount project, tracker installation does not require a building permit but a building
        permit may be needed for construction of a utility shed or temporary site offices.
       Federal involvement is not anticipated with this project


3.0 Energy Source
A 500 KW Solar Photo voltaic system will be used to produce electricity

3.1 The basics of solar power
Solar power is probably the cleanest and most viable form of renewable energy available. It can
be used in several forms to help power everything from your home to a city’s parking meters.
Many gardens are now enhanced by solar lights or water features. The availability and wide use
of solar power demonstrates its versatility as a source of energy. The technology and the
systems behind solar power are becoming more compact and more efficient. Early examples of


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solar power systems can be seen in California where, in the 1980s, enough solar power panels
were installed to power over 10 million homes.


3.2 How do photovoltaic tiles work?
Photovoltaic tiles and other forms of solar energy work by converting energy in sunlight into a
clean form of electricity. The PV cells consist of positive and negative slices of silicon placed
under thin glass. As they beat down onto the PV cell, the protons in the sunlight knock the
neutrons off the silicon. The negatively charged free neutrons are attracted to the silicon but
are trapped by a magnetic field. These neutrons are caught by small wires on the silicon and,
when connected in a circuit, form an electric current.


This reaction produces direct current electricity, which must be passed through an inverter to
be converted into an alternating current that can be used in our homes to power electrical
devices. Some power is lost in this process because the inverter is only about 95% efficient, but
that represents a much greater efficiency than what was once available.

The nature of the PV cell means there are no moving parts and little or no maintenance required. This
means that a typical PV cell can last up to 40 years with no work besides an annual cleaning. The energy
source that will be used at the Flesherton Solar Park to generate electricity will be solar photovoltaic.


4.0 Facilities, Equipment and Technology
The proposed project is a renewable energy generation facility that will use solar photovoltaic
technology. Electricity generated by solar photovoltaic panels will be converted from DC to AC by an
inverter and subsequently stepped up to 44kV prior to being connected to the distribution line. To meet
the Ontario Power Authority feed-in tariff program requirements, a specific percentage of equipment
will be manufactured in Ontario.


At this time, a final determination of solar module, including make, model size, dimensions and number,
has not been made. However, representative specifications are included in this document




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4.1 Facilities

The facility requirements for the project are as follows:

       Utility shed to house central inverters and monitoring equipment (to be confirmed);
       A utility access road may be required on the property. Gravel located onsite will be used to build
        the road;
       A permanent fence will be constructed around the facility;
       A temporary storage facility may be required on site, however, a permanent storage facility may
        be available at the time of construction;
       Temporary office space during construction;
       Temporary lay-down areas used for construction purposes.



4.2 Equipment

The equipment requirements for the project can be categorized in two groups: installation and
operations and technology.



4.21 Installation equipment

       Bulldozer for utility access road preparation;
       Backhoe for site preparation for trackers, specifically to remove organic matter at the tracker
        site and dig trenches for electrical conduit;
       Dump truck for movement of gravel from onsite supply;
       Zoom boom truck to place tracker array in position and to off load equipment from delivery
        truck;
       Tractor to off load equipment and perform final excavation onsite;
       Compactors for the Array foundations;
       Mobile man lifts to install the solar panels;
       Transportation trucks for equipment and supplies delivery, and waste removal;
       Post-hole digger for fence installation.

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 4.22 Operations Equipment and Technology


Specifications for modules, trackers, inverters and transformers are included in section 9 Please note
that these are example specifications only and are subject to change. Other components that will be
used at the solar facility may include, but are not limited to, the following:
       Light sensitive dual axis trackers;
       Solar panels;
       Inverters;
       Metering equipment;
       Distribution lines to point of common coupling (PCC) with the local distribution company (LDC);
       Monitoring equipment;
       Wiring for AC/DC systems;
       Transformer.


However, the Flesherton Solar Park will require three fundamental technologies in executing
against its feed-in tariff contract:

       Solar panels
       Inverters
       Racking systems

A brief description of the fundamental technologies is included in this report.

4.221 Solar Panels
Solar photovoltaic cells are energy-producing units that convert light from the sun into
electricity. Solar panels comprise many photovoltaic cells. They are manufactured for
alternative energy solutions in just about any modern industry. The efficiency of a solar cell is
the best tool for evaluating the quality of a solar panel. Solar cell efficiency overall is a




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measurement of conversion power as a percentage of light energy taken in from the sun.
Typically, a mass produced solar panel is rated between 15% to 20%.

Critical success factors in selecting a solar panel for the park are:

      Efficiency of the panels;
      Do they have Ontario content as required by the feed-in tariff contract? (At least 10 % content
       must be fulfilled through the panels to meet the content rules.)
      Can they be sourced in sufficient quantity in a timely manner so that the feed-in tariff contract
       can be fulfilled?
      Which panel matches the greatest efficiency with the lowest price?


4.222 Inverters
An inverter is an electrical device that converts direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC);
the converted AC can be at any required voltage and frequency with the use of appropriate
transformers, switching, and control circuits.


An inverter produces a nearly perfect sine wave output (<3% total harmonic distortion) that is
essentially the same as utility-supplied grid power, thus making it compatible with all AC
electronic devices and the grid. The electrical inverter is a high-power electronic oscillator. They
were so named because early mechanical AC to DC converters were made to work in reverse,
and thus were "inverted" to convert DC to AC.


Inverter Options

      Micro inverter (one inverter per solar panel);
      Local string inverter (name plate rated 10 kW);
      Centralize inverter ( large system inverter i.e. 100 kW )

Critical success factors in selecting an inverter for the park are:


      The efficiency of the inverter;

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      Reliability of the inverter;
      Installation costs;
      Meets Ontario content requirements.


Currently, the local string inverter and the centralized large inverter are under active
consideration and awaiting the electrical engineering recommendation.


4.223 Racking Systems
Solar racking systems are the key element in efficiently and effectively maximizing yield. Four
fundamental options exist for a solar park:

      Fixed ground mount
      Single axis tracking
      Dual axis tracking


Fixed Ground Mount Racking
Simplest form of racking as the direction of the tracker is fixed both in direction and angle to
the sun. This type of racking, while easiest to implement, has the lowest yields because it reacts

neither to the direction of light throughout the day nor to the changing seasons.


Single Axis Tracking
This form of tracking will change the angle of the system, either on the horizontal axis (change
of sun due to seasons) or the vertical axis (change of sun due to time of day). Greater
productivity is achieved along the vertical axis but requires a dynamic system to move
throughout the day. Typically, the single axis tracker is used for the horizontal axis as a system
to accommodate sun position changes due to seasonal variability.


Dual Axis
Dual axis trackers have two degrees of freedom that act as axes of rotation. These axes are
typically normal to one another. The axis that is fixed with respect to the ground can be


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considered a primary axis. The axis that is referenced to the primary axis can be considered a
secondary axis.


There are several common implementations of dual axis trackers. They are classified by the
orientation of their primary axis with respect to the ground. Two common implementations are
tip -tilt trackers and azimuth-altitude trackers.


The orientation of the module with respect to the tracker axis is important when modelling
performance. Dual axis trackers typically have modules oriented parallel to the secondary axis
of rotation.


Dual axis trackers are typically used in smaller residential installations and locations with very
high government feed-in tariffs.


Light Sensitive Dual Axis Trackers
Active trackers use motors and gear trains to direct the mechanism as commanded by a
controller responding to the solar direction.


To control and manage the movement of these structures, special slewing drives are designed
and rigorously tested.


Light-sensing trackers typically have two photo sensors, such as photodiodes, configured
differentially so that they output a null when receiving the same light flux. Mechanically, they
should be omni-directional (i.e. flat) and aimed 90 degrees apart. This will cause the steepest
part of their cosine transfer functions to balance at the steepest part, which translates into
maximum sensitivity.


Since they consume energy, motors are used only when necessary. So, instead of a continuous
motion, the heliostat is moved in discrete steps. Also, if the light is below some threshold there
would not be enough power generated to warrant reorientation. This is also true when there is
not enough difference in light level from one direction to another, such as when clouds are

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passing overhead. Consideration must be made to keep the tracker from wasting energy during
cloudy periods.


Critical success factors in selecting a tracking system for the park are:
     Solar panel costs:
       Land costs and constraints;
       Latitude of the installation;
       Local weather (snow and wind);
       Meets Ontario content requirements


Recommendation and rationale
The recommended strategy for the Flesherton Solar Park is to use a light sensitive dual axis
active tracker, specifically the Deger 9000 Nt. (see appendix for specifications).


Rationale

       The active tracker (Deger 9000Nt) maximizes the yield of energy in an environment
        where light source is very dynamic during seasonal and daily change, as well as
        impacted by dynamic cloud cover;
       Relativity high snowfall increases output with a dynamic system because the tracker is
        effective in capturing light from the snow. A fixed system misses this opportunity;
       Snow security dump systems are effective in clearing snow cover on the panels during
        the winter months, which can be heavy for snowfall in Flesherton;
       Incremental revenue gain more than offsets the incremental service costs of
        maintenance;
       Trackers, because of their construction, can make decommission relatively simple.

Detailed specifications pertaining to the facility, equipment and technology cannot be finalized in the
early stages of the project development due to technical and market restrictions. Further investigations




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are ongoing and this information and will be documented in the final project description report and the
final REA application submission.


4.3 System Specifications

Sample technology specifications are located in section 9. Please note that these specifications have
been included in this project description report as an example only. Make, model nameplate capacity,
size and dimensions, and exact number of modules will vary based on system optimization with site
evaluation and equipment availability in mind. Further onsite, technical and market investigations are
planned to adequately determine this information in detail. Exact specifications will be included in the
final project description report and reporting structure as required by REA.
Due to the nature of the Ontario climate, the final facility design will take into account wind and snow
loading issues that would inevitably arise. The final design will follow the Ontario Building Code 2006
Supplementary Standard SB-1 and final evaluation will be conducted and completed by a Structural
licensed professional engineer, as required. As well, the respective municipalities will be contacted and
informed of any construction related activities and permitting requirements.


5.0 Class and Nameplate Capacity
The capacity of the solar park is determined by the nameplate of the solar panels or the Inverters,
whichever is the lesser of the two. For example, the park could have 550 kW of panels and 500 kW of
inverter capacity and still be deemed a 500 kW solar generation facility. The limitations of park size is
strictly determined by equipment and not by the amount of electricity produced.

A Class 3 solar facility is one with a nameplate capacity of greater than 10 kW located in any location,
excluding roof or wall mounted solar systems. The table below is adapted from O. Reg. 359/09 and
demonstrates the different classes of solar facilities.




Table 1. Solar Facility Classes
(Adapted from the Environmental Protection Act, 2009)
Class of Solar Facility      Location of PV Collector Panel or Devices         Name Plate Capacity (kW)
          Class 1            At any location                                               ≤ 10


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          Class 2            Mounted on the roof or wall of a building                      > 10
          Class 3            At any location other than mounted on a                        > 10
                             roof or wall of a building


The Flesherton Solar Park is a ground mounted solar facility and has an intended nameplate capacity of
500kW, making it a Class 3 solar facility.


6.0 Activities
The activities involved in the construction, operation and decommissioning phases of the project are
outlined in the following sections. It is expected that the time for construction is 2 to
3 months, depending on time of year and various other factors. Prior to access road construction and
site preparation, the area will be surveyed to locate any buried utilities or infrastructure.


6.1 Access Road Construction
The existing access driveway on the property will be used to allow transport of equipment to the project
site. If necessary, vegetation will be cleared, and topsoil removed prior to placement of a granular road
base. A one-lane, 5-metre wide access road will be constructed for the transportation of equipment to
the site. The minimum thickness of the access road granular base and top course material will be at
least 30 centimetres. Ditches and culverts will be constructed, as necessary, to maintain site drainage. If
needed, erosion and sedimentation control measures (e.g., silt fence barriers, rock flow check dams,
etc.) will be installed. If temporary access roads are to be removed following completion of construction,
topsoil will be replaced.

6.2 Site Preparation
Minimal trees and large standing vegetation will be cleared from areas where the photovoltaic
arrays will be constructed. Top soil will be removed only from the area where the base of the
solar tracking unity will be located. Gravel will be placed at the specific location, tampered
before the units are constructed. Cleared vegetation, along with any removed topsoil, will be
stockpiled adjacent to the access road(s). Locations of topsoil, timber and vegetation stockpiles
will not be within 30 metres of a water body. If necessary, erosion and sedimentation control
measures will be installed.



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6.3 Installation of Support Structures
Foundations and/or support structures will be required beneath transformers, inverters and solar
trackers. Detailed engineering for the design of the foundations and support structures are to be
completed. However, it is expected that the pads for the transformers, inverters and solar trackers will
be concrete slab on grade.


6.4 Underground Cable Installation
AC and DC wiring will run along the structural supports of the photovoltaic arrays. A network of
underground cabling will be required at the termination point of the photovoltaic arrays to centrally
located inverters, which then will convert the electricity to AC. AC power will be provided from the grid
to power the array controls. A simple trenching device will be used to install the cables, whereby a
trench is opened, the cable laid, and the soil replaced.


6.5 Distribution Line Erection
An underground distribution line will be constructed to transport electricity from the inverters to the
transformer, which will step up the voltage. A distribution connection from the transformer will be
erected to transport the generated power from the Project to the 44-kV connection point. The
connection point and feeder line are owned by Hydro One Networks Inc. (HONI), which is the local
distribution company. The distribution line from the project to the connection point will be along
municipal road right-of-ways. New wooden poles (or existing poles) will be used.


6.6 Site Security
The project will be gated and fenced, with additional security measures installed as deemed necessary
by Flesherton Solar Park. This may include security cameras and motion sensor flood lighting.


6.7 Operation
The project will operate year round and generate electricity during daylight hours. The amount of power
generated will depend on daily weather conditions and sufficient sunshine. The project will be operated
remotely and, therefore, no employees will be on site, with the exception of maintenance and
inspections.




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6.8 Maintenance and Inspection
The project will be scheduled for maintenance every 2 to 3 months. Typically, maintenance includes
checking the structures and interconnections and cleaning the photovoltaic panels. It is anticipated that
the panels will be washed twice a year using on-site water with no cleaning solutions. All maintenance
materials (e.g., hydraulic fluids) will be brought to the site as required so no on-site storage will be
necessary. The project also will be remote monitored to make sure the system performs at an optimal
level with the systems parameters.


6.9 Decommissioning
A 35- to 40-year lifespan is typically anticipated for the project. At that time (or earlier if the power
purchase agreements are not extended), the project will be decommissioned or refurbished, depending
on market conditions and/or technological changes.
If the decision is to discontinue renewable energy generation, the process of decommissioning the
Project would involve the following:
        • Removal of the scrap metal and cabling. Where possible, these materials will be recycled, with
        non-recyclables taken to an approved disposal site;
        • Removal of support structures and foundations unless the landowner requests otherwise.
        These materials will be recycled where possible;
        • Site cleanup and regrading to original contours and, if necessary, restoration of surface
        drainage swales and ditches;
        • Planting of leguminous crops and/or other native vegetation as appropriate to provide a rapid
        return of nutrients and soil structure;
        • And removal of the access road unless the landowner requests otherwise.


7.0 Description of Environmental Effects
This section presents the results of a preliminary assessment of the potential negative environmental
effects that may result from the project.


The purpose of the assessment is to establish a preliminary identification of those critical aspects of the
environment that:




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        (i) May pose a development constraint to the project (e.g., significant natural heritage feature
        that requires protection or preservation);
        (ii) May require a detailed environmental impact study (EIS) (e.g., for potential project
        development of lands adjacent to a significant natural heritage feature);
        (iii) And/ or may require specific public, agency or aboriginal input and information specific to
        the planning and assessing of the project.


It is important to note that, at this initial stage in the renewal energy approvals process, the assessment
of potential negative environmental effects is largely interpretive based on the experience and
judgment of various environmental specialists involved in the planning and design of the project. At this
stage, no detailed site investigations activities have been conducted, nor have any consultation activities
been carried out with municipalities, ministry agencies or conservation authorities by the project
environmental consultant. Such activities are proposed to be initiated following MOE’s review of this
project description.


The following activities were conducted as part of the preliminary assessment of potential negative
environmental effects:
        • Project site description;
        • Preliminary records review;
        • Potential environmental constraints;
        • And preliminary negative environmental effects.


7.1 Project Site Description
The location of the project is depicted in 8.1. The land required is approximately 10 acres. The longitude
and latitude of the site location is 44.264 and 80.558.


The site is in the northwest corner of the Village of Flesherton in Grey Highlands, approximately 800
metres from the main intersection of Highway 10 and Highway 4. Access to the site is from Highway 10,
as well as from a new municipal road to the north. The property borders commercial properties with
addresses on Highway 10 on east side and the Flesherton water treatment plant on the west. A mix of
forest and agricultural land exists south of the property.



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The project land is zoned agriculture 4-7 and currently is vacant.


There does not appear to be any water course on the site location and small forest North West of the
project does not currently encroach on the project requirements.


7.2 Preliminary Records Review
A preliminary records review was completed to determine the location of natural heritage features,
water bodies, wetlands (including provincially significant wetlands), quarries/pits, areas of natural and
scientific interest (ANSIs), etc., in proximity to the project site.


The preliminary record reviews involved obtaining and reviewing geographic information system
(GIS) data available through the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), Land Information
Ontario (LIO) and Green Energy Atlas. Information requested through LIO included, but was not limited
to, the following:
        • Areas of natural and scientific interest (ANSI);
        • Water bodies and valley lands;
        • Wetlands (including significant wetlands);
        • Provincial/national parks;
        • Conservations areas and reserves;
        • Agreement forests;
        • Environmentally sensitive areas;
        • Woodlands;
        • Significant wildlife habitat (such as deer wintering areas);
        • Aggregate sites.
All information that was gathered on the records review is mapped on 8.3



7.3 Potential Environmental Constraints
All relevant feature information obtained from the preliminary records review was mapped and is based
upon the results from the records review. The following features were identified that constrain potential
development of portions of the site:



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       A small forest to the west of the project site may need to be moderately trimmed to
        accommodate the installation;
       A seasonal wetland resides on the southern edge of the property.




7.31 Natural Environment

Topography
During construction some regrading will be required and some minor alterations may occur.


Soils
During construction, some soil compaction by heavy equipment is possible. There is minor potential for
effects to soil due to spills during construction.


Aggregate Resources
Some onsite gravel may be used in site preparation of the utility driveway and or tracker site
preparation. Further study is being conduct as to the feasibility of the use of onsite aggregates.


Surface Water
No negative effects to surface water runoff regime are expected since rainfall runoff will be directed to
grassed and vegetated areas. There is minor potential for effect to water quality as a result of soil
erosion during the construction phase.


Groundwater
No negative effects to groundwater are expected since no major changes to groundwater recharge
conditions are expected and no major excavations involving significant groundwater dewatering will
occur. There is minor potential for effect to groundwater quality as a result of accidental spills.


Aquatic Habitats/Biota
There are no significant watercourses on the property; however, a hazard area exists in the southeast
corner. Further investigation into the impact of the hazard to the final site plan will be included in the
final application.


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Areas of Natural and Scientific Interest
The preliminary investigation revealed limited or no areas of natural or scientific interest.


Wetlands
The proposed site does not impact wetlands in the vicinity


Valley lands
Not applicable


Woodlands
The proposed project does not require a significant amount of woodlands to be trimmed for effective
implementation.

Vegetation
The project will require some excavation during construction that will include tracker site and conduit
implementation but the long-term impact to vegetation at the site will be minimal. The solar trackers
allow for minimal ongoing coverage of the ground by the solar panels. Constant rotation of solar panels
will allow for the viability of groundcover vegetation.




Terrestrial Wildlife/Wildlife Habitat (including species at risk)
The limited invasiveness to the landscape, including the open fields and adjacent woodlands, would
result in minimal impact to the wildlife at the project site.


Air quality
The facility would have very minimal impact to air quality; however, the use of heavy equipment during
installation may temporarily negatively impact air quality.


7. 32 Social Environment

Land Use
The implementation of the project would limit portions of the property for other use.



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Tourism and Recreation
The project site currently has no tourism.


Archaeological and Cultural Heritage Resources
Preliminary investigation has unearthed no archaeological or cultural value at the site. Archaeological
assessments will be conducted to determine if any value does exist. Potential heritage resources will be
determined as per the requirements of the Ministry of Culture.


Aboriginal consultations
As part of the renewable energy application process, aboriginal groups that are identified as
stakeholders in this project will be consulted as to both the merits and impact of the project.


7.33 Environmental component

Sound levels
Temporary disturbance to neighbouring residents may occur during construction. The operation of
inverters and transformers may result in an increase in ambient noise levels. Noise studies in accordance
with O. Reg. 359/09 are required.


Visual Landscape
The solar installation will have remarkably little impact on the local landscape because the park is
visually hidden to the broader community by geographic shelters, such as hills and trees. While not
completely out of eyesight, there is limited impact to the scenic presentation of the Village of Flesherton


Public and Construction Site Safety
Construction of the project will result in risks at the construction site. Best practice of job safety will be
implemented during the construction and operation phase of the project.


Local Traffic
During construction, there may be an increase in local traffic but this will be mitigated because the
supply of materials (cement) will be sourced locally and thereby reduce travel distances. The worksite
presents options for parking and access that will result in minimal impact to the local community.


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Municipal Roadways
Should construction vehicles cause damage to local roadways the roads would be repaired or
compensation provided. Municipal half-load requirements will be adhered to




8.0 Maps
There are several maps included in this report. In accordance with O. Reg. 359/09 and Technical Bulletin
One – Guidance for Preparing the Project Description Report, the first map is a project location map that
identifies and briefly describes both onsite and offsite land uses within 300 metres of the project
location. The map also illustrates the features identified in the records review, including any protected
areas. Lastly, the map illustrates any significant natural features and applicable setbacks. Please note
that any layers included in the legend that are not present in the map are not applicable to the project.
As well, Areas of Natural and Scientific Interest (ANSI), both life and earth science, were assessed but
none was found to be in proximity to the project location.
The other maps included in this report are an aerial image of the project location and surrounding area.




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         8.1 Site location Map


The proposed location is situated just
north west of the village of Flesherton
in a secluded enclave from village life.
Natural topography protects the solar
park from view from most of the
village and traffic on highway 10 to
the east. Commercial and residential
establishments that are relatively
close to the park are protected from
view by the naturally hilly terrain.

Jus t off site is several commercial
enterprises including a indoor
swimming pool and a gas station that
is located on highway 10 to the east.




                   The red highlighted area in the photograph below indicates the location under
                   consideration. The park size will not require the entire area highlighted




         8.2 Soil Map
         8.2 Soi8.2 Soil Map

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               The soil map indicates the primary location for the solar project is
               designated by the Canada Land Inventory rating system 5. A
               peripheral area to the north east of the location is rated 2. This area
               will not play a significant role in the installation and due to size is
               not practical for economic agricultural use.




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8.3 Green Atlas Map




                     A preliminary review of the proposed location did not reveal any significant
                     environmental issues. A seasonal drainage area to the south east will be
                     approximately 100 metres from the proposed site.




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8.4 Preliminary Project Layout




                           The project would be able to accommodate approximately 51 tracker
                           units. While the installation would be fenced, it is relatively compact and
                           offers the possibility for other land use.




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8.5 Project Setbacks map




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8.6 Flesherton Solar Park Photo Log




    View from the north looking           View from east to west at the
     south towards Flesherton              midpoint of the north south
                                                   direction.




  A view to the south east towards                View to the north
    the village of Flesherton. The         demonstrating the gentle slope
  trees provide visual coverage of         to the south of the topography
   the Park from the village itself.




               The park is very secluded from the day to day
              life of the village however the location it offers
                wide open space with good sight lines to the
                      south for solar energy production




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9.0 Appendix
9.1 Photo voltaic Module Specifications

9.2 Inverter Specifications

9.3 Tracker specifications




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9.1 Photovoltaic Module Specifications




                 Currently we are reviewing various
            manufacturers 230 KW Solar panels. We expect
               the solar park to have over 2100 panels




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9.2 Inverter Specifications




           Currently we are reviewing a centralized inverter
           strategy with the following features:

               NEMA 3R enclosure rating
               Reduced susceptibility to a single fault. In case of
                a component failure, a maximum of 50kW will
                be lost
               Reduced acoustic noise due to the high
                switching frequency
               (GFDI) compliant with UL1741



A final inverter strategy will be determined once the final engineer’s report is
complete

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9.3 Tracker Specifications




                                        Flesherton Solar Park will utilize the
                                        most sophisticated tracking
                                        technology to minimize park foot
                                        print while at the same time
                                        maximizing electricity production.
                                        Preliminary estimates are for 51
                                        trackers on the site.




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10.0 Construction Plan Draft




1. Details of any construction or installation activities
o   In addition to the installation phases described in section 6 of the project development report. The
    construction plan will have several components that will run in parallel; this will allow us to
    compress our construction schedule. Also, note that the timing of our construction plan will be
    contingent on weather and construct logistics.


1.1. Installation of Arrays
    The installation of the Deger 9000HD dual axis tracking arrays will use a combination of
    vehicles. The primary vehicle will be a “Zoom Boom” lift. This is the installation of the array
    motor head and the installation of the module management system on the array masts.
    Our plan is to complete 5 to 7 array installations per day.

1.2. Installation of Solar Panels
    Installation of the Solar panels will primarily involve the use of a man lift (also known as a
    Genie lift). This step involves placement and securing the Solar Panels to the module
    management system of the arrays. Each array requires the installation of XX solar panels. We plan
    to complete 3 to 4 installations per day.




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1.3. Installation of Centralized inverters
   The installation of the centralized inverters will be secured to their foundation (section 6.3)
   and follow the completion of the solar panel installation. Cabling will be routed in the most
   efficient direct route in order to maximize the systems harvest. See section 6.4 for more
   details on how the trenching will be constructed. We plan to complete the electrical wiring
   of 4 arrays per day.

1.4. Testing and commissioning of systems
   During this phase of the project we will test each array independent of the system. We will follow
   predefined checklist as we execute the unit test plan. Some of this test plan will be incorporated
   into the annual maintenance plan.



2. Location and Timing
   See section the product development report for location. The following chart gives an
   indication of the timing of each construction activity.




 Activity Description                                                Planned duration
 6.1            Access Road Construction                             5 to 7 days

 6.2            Site Preparation                                     5 days

 6.3            Installation of Support Structures                   22 to 25 days

 6.4            Underground Cable Installation                       7 to 10 days

 6.5            Distribution Line Erection                           3 days

                Installation of arrays                               7 to 10 days

                Installation of Solar Panels                         12 days to 17 days

                Installation of Central Inverters                    10 to 15 days

                Testing and Commissioning                            5 to 7 days




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 6.6           Site Security                                    5 to 7 days




3. Potential Negative Environmental Effects from Construction
   Activities and Mitigation Measures

   Construction of the proposed Flesherton Solar Park will be completed using conventional
   construction methods and will follow standard construction best management practices.
   Solar Utility Network (SUN) will be responsible for the detailed methods of construction.
   Outlined below are potential negative environmental effects from construction activities
   along with proposed mitigation measures. The final decision regarding mitigation measures
   to be employed will be the responsibility of SUN.

   The construction process with the greatest potential for negative environmental effects is
   construction of the roadway and installation of the Array foundations. This work will require
   the use of various pieces of heavy equipment, which will on Site at different periods of the
   construction process. Potential heavy equipment to be used includes bulldozers, front-end
   loaders, trucks, backhoes, dump trucks, compactors, ready-mix concrete trucks, and cranes.

   The site location has been identified as containing Valleylands and Woodlands. The
   construction site is beyond the 120 meter setback; however, the Valleylands and
   Woodlands will be protected with a silt curtain to ensure suspended solids are not carried
   into the Valleylands or the Woodlands.


   Fugitive Dust
   The construction of the proposed Flesherton Solar Park has the potential to affect the air
   quality in the vicinity of the construction site. Emissions which are associated with
   construction activities are primarily dust and typical combustion emissions from
   construction equipment such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide and

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   volatile organic compounds (VOs). As with any construction site, these emissions will be of
   relatively short duration and unlikely to have any adverse effect on the surrounding area.
   Best practices will be followed including: plans to minimize dust generation through
   application of water and/or calcium chloride on the site roads; planning, site layout and the
   proper use of materials, tools and equipment; compacting disturbed soil; activity
   scheduling; barriers to prevent dispersion of materials; and proper techniques for the use of
   materials that include VOCs.


   Emergency Spill Procedures
   Incidental spills of oil, gas, diesel, and other liquids to the environment could occur during
   construction. In addition, sanitary and other wastes will be generated during construction.
   Fuelling and lubrication of construction equipment will be carried out in a manner that
   minimizes the possibility of releases to environment. Measures of containment and clean-
   up of contaminant releases will be followed to minimize contamination of the natural
   environment, e.g., placement of any fuel tanks and generators on plastic sheets bermed
   around the edges, and the use of suitable hydrocarbon absorbent material for clean-up and
   approved landfill or other disposal. Any spills with the potential to create an impact to the
   environment should be reported to the Ministry of Environment (MOE) as required by
   provincial spill regulation. Interim sanitary waste collection and availability of treatment
   facilities will be arranged for the duration of the construction period. All construction waste,
   wash water and wastewater will be disposed of in accordance with regulatory
   requirements.




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