# MC Probability

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1) A pair of six-sided dice is rolled, and the sum is recorded. What is the
probability that this sum is a multiple of three? (2) 2004-WU4-7

2) Michael spins the spinner twice. All three of the larger sectors are equal in
area and have central angles of 90º. The two smaller sectors have equal area.
What is the probability that he will “WIN” on both spins? (3) 2004-WU5-4

Win Lose
Lose

Lose   Lose

3) In a school of 250 students, everyone takes one English class and one History
class each year. Today, 15 total students were absent from their English class
and 10 total students were absent from their History class. Five of the students
were absent form both classes. If a student is chosen at random from this
school, what is the probability that s/he was not absent from either class? (2)
2004-WU7-6

4) Rodney uses the following clues to try to guess a secret number:
It is a two-digit number.
The tens digit is odd.
The units digit is even.
The number is greater than 65.
If Rodney guesses a number that has each of these properties, what is the
probability that Rodney will guess the correct number? (1) 2004-WU8-1

5) John, Kevin, Larry, Mary and Nancy all volunteered to so some math tutoring.
If their teacher randomly chooses two of the five students, what is the
probability of selecting the two girls? (3) 2004-WU8-9

6) A magician designed an unfair coin so that the probability of getting a head on
a flip is 60%. If he flips the coin three times, what is the probability that he
flips more heads than tails? (3) 2004-WU12-8
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7) Sal has three quarters, three nickels and three pennies. If Sal selects three
coins at random and without replacement, what is the probability that he total
value is exactly 35 cents? (3) 2004-WO6-10

8) Ann rolls a die twice. What is the probability of getting numbers with a
positive difference of 1? (3) 2004-WU13-9

9) Sue owns 11 pairs of shoes: six identical black pairs, three identical brown
pairs and two identical gray pairs. If she picks two shoes at random, what is the
probability that they are the same color and that one is a left shoe and the other
is a right shoe? (3) 2004-WU14-9

10) A box contains two coins with a head on both sides, one standard coin and one
coin with a tail on both sides. A coin will be randomly selected from these four
coins and will be flipped twice. What is the probability that each of the two flips
will result in a head? (3) 2004-WU15-8

11) A box contains six cards. Three of the cards are black on both sides, one
card is black on one side and red on the other, and two of the cards are red on
both sides. If you pick card at random from the box and see that the side facing
you is red, what is the probability that the other side is red? (3) 2004-WO8-10

12) Marty has one standard quarter and one special quarter with a head on both
sides. He selects one of these two coins at random, and without looking at it
first, he flips the coin three times. If he flips a head three straight times, what
is the probability that he selected the special quarter? (3) 2004-WU18-10

13) A bowl contains 10 jellybeans (four red, one blue and five white). If you pick
three jellybeans from the bowl at random and without replacement, what is the
probability that exactly two will be red? (3) 2004-WO9-10

14) Manny and Jami are playing a coin toss game with a fair penny. Manny gets a
point if the penny lands on heads, and Jami gets a points if the penny lands on
tails. The score is Jami 9, Manny 7, in a game to 10 points. What is the
probability that Jami will win the game? (2) 1999-WU1-4
223fdbbc-6c3f-4855-9e25-b0b770f733a7.doc                                                3

15) A bag contains one marble, either green or yellow. A yellow marble is added to
the bag, and one marble is randomly chosen. The chosen marble is yellow. What is
the probability that the marble left in the bag is yellow? (3) 1999-WU15-1

16) A best of five series ends when one team wins three games. The probability
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of team A defeating team B in any game is . What is the probability that team
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A will win the series? (3) 1999-WO7-1

17) If two distinct numbers are selected at random from the first seven prime
numbers, what is the probability that their sum is an even number? 2000-WU6-7 (2)

18) A bag contains 7 white, 9 blue and 4 red marbles. If three marbles are pulled
from the bag, what is the probability that two are blue and one is red? 2000-WU6-4
(3)

19) A circuit contains two switches. The first switch transmits a message correctly
80% of the time, and the second switch transmits a message correctly 90% of the
time. What percent of the time will the message be transmitted successfully
through both switches? 2000-WU10-3 (1)

20) Four prime numbers are randomly selected without replacement from the first
ten prime numbers. What is the probability that the sum of the four selected
numbers is odd? 2000-WU10-6 (1)

21) Flip a fair coin. If it lands heads, write H and the turn is done. If it lands
tails, then flip it again – write H if it lands heads or T if it lands tails, and the turn
is done. After five turns, what is the probability that 5 H’s have been written?
2000-WU14-5 (3)

22) Two standard dice are rolled. What is the probability that the product of
the two numbers rolled exceeds 8? 2000-WO1-3 (2)

23) Chuck is going on a four-day vacation. The probability for a rain is 40% on
Friday, 30% on Saturday, 60% on Sunday, and 50% on Monday. What is the
probability that Chuck has a rain-free weekend? Express as a decimal to the
nearest thousandth.2000-WO3-1 (2)
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24) David randomly selected three different integers 1 through 6. What is the
probability that the three numbers selected could be the sides of a triangle?
2000-WO5-3 (2)

25) At a random time during her 45-minute class, Mrs. Ritter gives a 5-minute
pop quiz. If your are nine minutes late for class one day, what is the probability
you missed the start of the quiz? 2003-WU12-8 (2)

26) A scratch off lottery ticket has six spaces that can be uncovered. Two of
the six spaces are WIN; the other four are LOSE. A player randomly uncovers
two spaces. If she gets both WIN spaces, she wins a large prize. If she
uncovers one WIN and one LOSE she gets a small prize. What is the probability
that she gets a small prize? 2003-WO7-9 (3)

27) There are 5 blue chips and 3 yellow chips in a bag. One chip is drawn from
the bag. That chip is placed back into the bag. A second chip is then drawn.
What is the probability that the two selected chips are of different colors?
2003-WU15-9 (3)

28) A number is randomly selected from the set of consecutive integers
{1, 2, 3, … ,720}. What is the probability that the number is a factor of 6!?
2003-WO8-3 (3)

29) Amy was born on a Tuesday. What is the probability that exactly two of her
three best friends were also born on Tuesday? 2003-WU17-6 (3)

30) The probability of snow for each of the next three days is ¾. What is the
probability that it will not snow any of those days? 2003-WU18-6 (2)

31) A drawer contains five red socks and eight blue socks. Leo reaches into the bag
and randomly selects two socks without replacement. What is the probability that
Leo will get different-colored socks? 2003-WO9-2 (3)

32) Two different natural numbers are selected from the set {1, 2, 3, . . ., 6}. What
is the probability that they are relatively prime? (2) 2002-WU1-1

33) Three standard dice are tossed. What is the probability that the sum of the
three numbers tossed is 17 or greater? (2) 2002-WU3-10
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34) Chris sleeps from 10:30 p.m. to 6:30 a.m. At a random time during the night, he
awakens and looks at his clock. What is the probability that it is before midnight?
(2) 2002-WU5-2

35) The digits from 1 to 6 are arranged to form a six-digit multiple of 5. What is the
probability that the number is greater than 500,000? (2) 2002-WU5-8

36) Three segments are chosen at random from six segments having lengths of 2, 3,
5, 6, 7 and 10 units. What is the probability that the three segments chosen could
form a triangle? (2) 2002-WU10-3

37) A fair six-sided die is rolled. Statement P is true if the die reads 1 or 2.
Otherwise P is false. Statement Q is true if the die reads an even number.
Otherwise Q is false. What is the probability that statement P or Q is true? (2)
2002-WU10-3

38) A bag contains 12 red marbles and 6 blue marbles. Two marbles are selected at
random and without replacement. What is the probability that one marble is red and
one is blue? (3) 2002-WU12-7

39) Two different numbers are selected at random from the set {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7}.
What is the probability that the positive difference between the numbers is 2 or
greater? (2) 2002-WU14-7

40) Bob and Megan play a two-person game which is won by the first person to
accumulate 10 points. At each turn Bob gains a point with probability of 1/3. If he
doesn’t get a point, then Megan gets a point. Megan is now ahead 9 to 8. What is the
probability that Megan will win? (2) 2002-WU14-10

41) In a video game, each rocket has an 80% chance of hitting a target. Three
rockets are now fired at a target. What is the probability that exactly two of the
rockets will hit the target? Express as a decimal to the nearest thousandth. (3)
2002-WO7-4
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42) Two standard six-sided dice are rolled. Cara scores x points if the sum of the
numbers rolled is greater than or equal to its product, otherwise Jeremy scores 1
point. What would be the value of x to make the game fair? (3) 2002-WO8-8

43) Given that you randomly guess the answers to ten true-false questions, determine
the probability that you get all ten correct? (3) 1997-WU5-5

44) If one letter is randomly selected from the word MATH and one letter is
randomly selected from the word COUNTS, what is the probability that at least one
of the letters is a vowel? (3) 1997-WU6-5

45) Chen’s math teacher gives homework four out of every five school days. Her
science teacher gives homework three out of every four school days. What is the
probability that on a particular school day Chen does not have homework in either
subject? (2) 1997-WU11-1

46) Ronnie, Ben and Jevon are in the same math class. There are 24 students in the
class, and the teacher has announced that she will be dividing the class into groups of
3. What is the probability that Ronnie, Ben and Jevon will be in the same group? (3)
1997-WU14-4

47) In Mike’s piggy bank, there are twice as many dimes as quarters, five times as
many nickels as quarters, and twice as many pennies as all other coins combined. It is
equally likely that any one of the coins will fall out when the piggy bank is turned
upside-down. Calculate the probability that either a nickel or a quarter will fall out.
(2) 1997-WU16-3

48) The exercise room at work is open Monday through Friday for use by employees.
Jane exercises two days each week, and Richard exercises two days each week. They
independently decide which two days every week. What is the probability that they
will be there on the same day at least once in a given week? (3) 1997-WU18-1

49) Given that a and b are integers such that 3  a  1 and 1  b  3, and values for
a and b are chosen at random, what is the probability that ab is not negative? (3)
1997-WO1-2

50) What is the probability that the sum of the numbers on two randomly tossed
standard dice is greater than 7? (2) 1997-WO3-3
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51) There is a 50% chance of rain on Saturday. If there’s rain on Saturday, then
there is a 60% chance of rain on Sunday. If there’s no rain on Saturday, then there’s
a 40% chance of rain on Sunday. What is the probability of two days without rain
this weekend? (3) 1997-WO8-3

52) Rick has 6 different pairs of socks. What is the probability that two randomly
selected socks will be from a matching pair? (3) 2001-WU1-6

53) In a bag, there are 3 red marbles and B blue marbles. Two marbles are randomly
selected from the bag without replacement. The probability that the two marbles
are the same color is 0.5. Calculate the sum of all possible values of B. (3) 2001-
WU2-10

54) Aimee tosses one fair 6-sided die labeled 1 through 6 and one fair 4-sided die
labeled 1 through 4. What is the probability that the sum Aimee rolls is less than 5?
(2) 2001-WU5-6

55) On a trick 6-sided die the probability of rolling a 1 or 2 is each 1/4, the
probability of rolling a 3 or 4 is each 1/6 and the probability of rolling a 5 or 6 is each
1/12. The trick die and a standard die are rolled. What is the probability of rolling a
sum of 7? (3) 2001-WU7-9

56) Becky has 10 brown socks and 10 black socks. If she randomly selects two socks
from the drawer simultaneously, what is the probability that they are the same
color? (3) 2001-WU10-5

57) Two standard 6-sided dice are tossed. What is the probability that the sum of
the two numbers rolled is greater than nine? (2) 2001-WU13-7

58) A store offers customers a game car with 5 scratch-off circles, each hiding a
percent discount: 50%, 50%, 25%, 10%, 5%. The customer selects two circles to
uncover and receives a discount equal to the average of the two values. What is the
probability of receiving a 50% discount? (2) 2001-WU15-7
223fdbbc-6c3f-4855-9e25-b0b770f733a7.doc                                            8

59) Each of four cards has a different numeral written on one side of it. The
same four numerals are written on the other side of the cards in a random order,
one on each card. What is the probability that at least one of the cards will have
the same numeral written on both sides? (3) 1996-WU17-5

60) You have a penny, a nickel and two dimes in your pocket. You take out two
coins, one after the other. What is the probability that the value of the first
coin is smaller than the value of the second? (3) 1996-WO8-5

61) You have two quarters, three dimes and four nickels in your pocket. You
reach into your pocket and randomly select three coins. What is the probability
that their value is exactly 25 cents? (3) 1996-WO8-9

62) Given that the numerator of a fraction is randomly selected from the set
{1, 3, 5, 7, 9} and the denominator is randomly selected from the set {1, 2, 3, 4, 5},
what is the probability that the decimal representation of the fraction is a
terminating decimal? (3) 1996-WO9-9

63) There are six sticks with respective lengths of 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10 units.
Three of these sticks are chosen at random. What is the probability that the
three sticks chosen can form a triangle? Express as a decimal to the nearest
hundredth. (3) 2001-WO10-6

64) The faces on a regular octahedral die are numbered one through eight. What
is the probability of rolling 3 sixes in succession? (2) 1993-WU10-5

65) Two standard dice are thrown. What is the probability that a prime sum is
rolled? (2) 2001-WO2-4

66) If a five-question True/False test is given and 60% is a passing grade, what
is the probability, to the nearest whole percent, of passing if you guess on each
question? (3) 2001-WO3-3

67) If a ten-question True/False test is given and 60% is a passing grade, what is
the probability, to the nearest whole percent, of passing if you guess on each
question? (3) 2001-WO3-4
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68) In Ms. Smith’s class, each student averages one day absent out of thirty.
What is the probability that out of any two students chosen at random, one
student will be absent while the other is present? Express as a percent to the
nearest tenth. (3) 2001-WO4-10

69) a is randomly selected from the set {2, 3, 4, 5}, replaced, and then b is randomly
a
selected from the same set. What is the probability that the fraction        is already in
b
reduced form? (3) 1993-WO10-3

70) Deb has a 1/5 chance of hitting a bull’s-eye with one dart. If she tosses 5 darts,
what is the probability that she will hit at least one bull’s-eye. Express as a decimal. (3)
1993-WO7-9
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1) 1/3
23) .084               45) 1/20    67) 38%
2) 1/64
24) 7/20               46) 1/253   68) 6.4%
3) 92%
25) 9/40               47) 1/4     69) 5/8
4) 1/10
26) 8/15               48) 7/10    70) .67232
5) 1/10
27) 15/32              49) 3/5
6) 81/125
28) 1/24               50) 5/12
7) 3/28
29) 18/343             51) 3/10
8) 5/18
30) 1/64               52) 1/11
9) 7/33
31) 20/39              53) 7
10) 9/16
32) 11/15              54) 1/4
11) 4/5
33) 1/54               55) 1/6
12) 8/9
34) 3/16               56) 9/19
13) 3/10
35) 1/5                57) 1/6
14) 7/8
36) 9/20               58) 1/10
15) 2/3
37) 2/3                59) 5/8
7808
16)                   38) 8/17               60) 5/12
19,683

17) 5/7               39) 5/7                61) 1/7

18) 12/95             40) 8/9                62) 22/25

19) 72%               41) .384               63) .65

20) 2/5               42) 2                  64) 1/512

21) 243/1,024         43) 1/1,024            65) 5/12

22) 5/9               44) 1/2                66) 50%
223fdbbc-6c3f-4855-9e25-b0b770f733a7.doc   11

Probability

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