Coastal Vulnerability Assessment Western Australia Projects List The Coastal Vulnerability Assessment Western Australia (CVA WA) Projects List is intended as a tool for the Department of Planning (DoP), Department of Transport (DoT), local governments and other interested parties, to use to track and refer to projects relevant to the assessment of coastal vulnerability. It is intended that by allowing greater awareness and sharing of knowledge and methodologies, this tool can contribute to the ongoing improvement in the assessment and understanding of coastal vulnerability. The listed projects have been chosen on their relevance to the themes of coastal planning, climate change and sea level rise within Western Australia. An arbitrary commencement date of 2005 has been chosen. This tool is intended to be an evolving and interactive inventory of projects, rather than a static or definitive list. On this basis, interested parties and the public are invited to submit recommendations for projects to be incorporated into the list, or provide other comments on how this tool could be improved. It is important to note that neither the DoP, DoT or the Western Australian Planning Commission have made judgements as to the technical merit of the methodologies used in these studies and in no way endorses any of the projects or their findings. At the current stage the list catalogues projects at Global, National, State and Regional, and Sub-Regional to Local scales. The list also contains project information such as the project manager/reference details, study area, project objectives and the project type (see Key below the list for a explanation of the project types). While it is somewhat arbitrary to divide the broad range of coastal vulnerability assessment related projects into discrete ‘types’, it can be helpful for quickly seeing the broad nature and scope of a project without delving into its specific objectives and outputs. It could also be helpful for identifying gaps in the type of work being undertaken. Obviously many projects will have broad scopes that sit across more than one ‘type’, but this does not diminish the usefulness of the analysis. Additional information relating to data sources, methodologies and case studies are also provided below the project list. If you require further information on the Coastal Vulnerability Assessment WA Projects list please email the coastal planning officer, or fill out an online feedback form. WALGA Climate Change Mapping Project: The Western Australian Local Government Association (WALGA) is embarking on a project that will ‘map’ the climate change projects and policies from around the state. This involves keeping a record of the project’s current status and the contact details of the project ‘owner’ so that Local Governments can communicate with their neighbours and colleagues across the sector to ensure that successful projects are shared and efforts not duplicated. For further information on how you can contribute to this project, please visit: http://www.walgaclimatechange.com.au/AnnouncementRetrieve.aspx?ID=54798 Coastal Vulnerability Project Project Manager/ Study Project Objectives Project Assessment Reference Details Area Type* Projects IPCC Third The IPCC Third Assessment Report, Climate Assessment (2001) Change 2001, is an assessment of available Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change scientific and socio-economic information on climate change by an intergovermental panel http://www.grida.no/publi Global (IPCC) established by the United Nations 1. 2. & 3. cations/other/ipcc_tar/ Environment Programme (UNEP) and the UN's World Meteorological Organization (WMO). IPCC Fourth Fourth report in a series intended to assess Assessment (2007) Intergovernmental Panel the scientific, technical and socio-economic on Climate Change information concerning climate change, its http://www.ipcc.ch/public potential effects, and options for adaptation GLOBAL ations_and_data/publicat Global and mitigation. The report is released in four 1. 2. & 3. ions_and_data_reports.h distinct sections being the Working Group reports (I, II & III) and the Synthesis Report tm (Summary for Policy Makers). IPCC Fifth Assessment Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Global Starting – Due 2013. 1. 2. & 3. http://www.ipcc.ch Smartline (2010) Chris Sharples (University of Tasmania) Creation of a coastal geomorphic map email@example.com at a national scale (whole of Australia) National 1. .au for use in assessing the vulnerability of http://www.ozcoasts.org. Australia’s coast to sea-level rise. au/ Australian Government - The creation of a national Digital Elevation Coastal Digital Department of Climate Model (DEM) was the highest priority task Elevation Model Change identified for the national risk assessment. http://www.climatechang DEMs provide a three dimensional model of (DEM) the ground surface topography and are e.gov.au/government/pro National critical to assessing risk from inundation in 1. grams-and- low-lying areas. The mid resolution DEM rebates/national- covers the entire coast derived from SPOT landform-mapping.aspx High Resolution Steroscopic Reference3D (SPOT) satellite imagery. This Report presents the findings of the first national assessment of the risks of climate Climate Change Australian Government - change for the whole of Australia’s coastal Risks to Australia’s Department of Climate zone. The objectives of the first pass national Coast: A first pass Change coastal risk assessment are to: http://www.climatechang - Initial assessment of the Climate Change national (CC) implications for Australia’s coastal assessment (2009) e.gov.au/publications/co National regions. 2. & 3. astline/climate-change- - Identify high risk areas to CC impacts. risks-to-australias- - Identify impediments to developing effective coasts.aspx coastal adaptation responses. - Help identify national priorities for adaptation to reduce CC risk in the coastal zone. Australian Government – National Department of Climate Framework for Change Climate Change http://www.climatechang The Framework identifies national climate Science (2009) e.gov.au/government/initi change science priorities for the coming National 1. & 2. NATIONAL atives/~/media/publicatio ns/science/national- decade and sets out ways to harness our full science capacity to address them. framework-cc- science.ashx Australian Climate Change Adaptation National Climate Change Research Network Adaptation Research Sets out the priority research agenda for the for Settlements Facility (NCCARF) next 5-7 years to inform a better and Infrastructure http://www.nccarf.edu.au understanding of climate change risks and (2010) /national-adaptation- National impacts on settlements and infrastructure 1. & 2. & 3. research-plan- and how these risks can be managed and impacts reduced through planned adaptation settlements-and- interventions. infrastructure Inquiry into climate change and environmental pressures experienced by Australian coastal areas, with particular House of regard to: - existing policies and programs related to Representatives coastal zone management, taking in the inquiry into climate catchment-coast-ocean continuum change and - the environmental impacts of coastal environmental Parliament of Australia population growth and mechanisms to impacts on coastal http://www.aph.gov.au/h promote sustainable use of coastal ouse/committee/ccwea/c National resources 1. 2. 3. communities - the impact of climate change on coastal (2009) oastalzone/report.htm areas and strategies to deal with climate change adaptation, particularly in response to projected sea level rise - mechanisms to promote sustainable coastal communities - governance and institutional arrangements for the coastal zone. Estimating Sea Antarctic Climate & Level Extremes Web tool specifically designed for designers, Ecosystems Cooperative planners and policymakers to assist in (2009) Research Centre understanding how to: National -assess the risk to existing assets from sea 1. 2. 3. & 4 http://www.sealevelrise.i level rise and plan appropriate adaptation -set appropriate design codes and planning nfo/ strategies for future developments. This report, developed by CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology through the CSIRO Adaptation Australian Climate Change Science Flagship Program, provides: Climate Change in -information on observed climate change Australia (2007) over Australia and the likely causes http://www.csiro.au/reso National -Projections of changes to about 30 climate 1. urces/Climate-Change- variables Technical-Report- -Information on how to use the projections in 2007.html risk assessments The projections focus on the years 2030, 2050 and 2070 for various greenhouse gas emission scenarios. Sea level rise inundation maps have been Commonwealth developed for selected urbanised coast around Australia. Three sea level rise Sea Level Rise scenarios for the period around 2100 are Risk Maps used: low (0.5 metres), medium (0.8 metres) Department of Climate and high (1.1 metres). These heights are Change and Energy added to highest astronomical tide to give the ‘inundation scenarios’. The project aims Efficiency National to communicate sea level rise risk to coastal 1. & 2. communities and the private sector in a way www.ozcoasts.org.au that will engage these communities and help them prepare for future climate risks. The maps have been produced using a ‘bucket fill’ methodology with no allowance for local or regional factors such as storms and coastal erosion. The aim of this report is to provide a general overview of the state of government coastal planning responses to the challenges posed by rising sea levels. Whilst a few Government Antarctic Climate & international jurisdictions have been included Coastal Planning Ecosystems Cooperative to provide a point of contrast, the report Responses to Research Centre predominantly focuses upon Australian Rising Sea Levels governments. The legislative and policy (2011) responses of the Australian Commonwealth http://www.acecrc.org.au National Government, relevant state/territory 3. /Publications/Technical% governments and selected local 20Reports governments are addressed. The report aims to provide a comprehensive and succinct overview of the responsibilities of the respective levels of government in relation to coastal planning, and specific responses to the issue of sea level rise. The Critical Climate Commission The aim of this report is to provide up-to-date Decade: Climate information on the science of climate change science, risks and and the implications of this knowledge for responses http://climatecommission.g ov.au/topics/the-critical- National societal purposes, both for mitigation 3. strategies and for the analysis of and decade/ responses to risks that climate change poses for Australia. Department of Transport, This high resolution baseline data set has LiDAR survey and Coastal Infrastructure been acquired for use in the study of coastal bathymetric processes and assessments of coastal Ric Mahoney mapping (2009) vulnerability and the potential impacts of sea Ric.mahoney@transport. Two Rocks to level rise. The project outputs include wa.gov.au Cape complete and seamless data files of water 1. Naturaliste depths and broad seabed imagery from http://www.planning.wa.g pseudo-reflectance, and a high resolution ov.au/674.asp coastal 3D model of the land and seabed between Two Rocks and Cape Naturaliste. In 2008 the Department of Water Terrestrial LiDAR commissioned Fugro Spatial Solutions to (2008) Department of Water undertake a land based LiDAR survey of 7000km² of the Swan Coastal Plain. The Peter Muirden Swan Coastal survey was conducted in Feburary 2008 at 1. firstname.lastname@example.org Plain 1m x 1m resolution. The digital terrain model a.gov.au which resulted is being used to determine the patterns of flooding, groundwater/surface water interaction and ecological systems. STATE The aims include identifying the principal AND REGIONAL landforms and processes of the coast and Coastal nearshore waters as well as for comparative compartments & Department of Planning, purposes to establish areas of relative sediment cells Coastal Planning Statewide – susceptibility to environmental change. To Vivienne.panizza@plann Strategic, identify a hierarchy of planning units based 1. & 2. ing.wa.gov.au regional and on natural coastal systems similar to the local scales approach used to identify river catchments. The marine and coastal planning units should approximately accord with mapping scales commonly used for the preparation of statutory plans. WA Coast Project – The Geological Survey of Western Australia Coastal recognises the importance of geology and compartments & Geological Survey of geomorphology as the framework Naturaliste to underpinning decisions in the coastal zone sediment cells Western Australia Lancelin - and has recently completed a survey of the Bob Gozzard (DMP) coast between Lancelin and Cape 1. & 2. Lancelin to email@example.com Naturaliste. The survey has characterised Kalbarri ov.au the geomorphology and geology of the nearshore, foreshore and backshore at a high level of detail using the ‘Smartline’ mapping concept. Additional datasets include a detailed assessment of the 198 beaches in the study area, a large-scale geomorphological map of the coastal zone, and an atlas of aerial-oblique photographs of the coast. The results of the study are aimed at coastal engineers, planners, managers and organisations that are involved in developing and implementing coastal management plans. The data provides a sound scientific basis for decision making and should be applied to underpin strategic coastal planning and management decisions. Schedule one of SPP 2.6 provides guidance State Coastal B. Bassett (Department on how to determine physical processes Planning Policy of Planning) setbacks. It is comprised of 4 elements, the firstname.lastname@example.org baseline Horizontal Setback Datum (HSD), SPP2.6 Review Statewide a.gov.au S1 (storm), S2 (historic), and S3 (sea level rise). The policy is currently being reviewed, 5. and as a part of the review process a C. Bicknell (Department position statement has been adopted by of Transport) WAPC to allow for a vertical sea level rise of charlie.bicknell@transpo 0.9m in relation to setback distances from rt.wa.gov.au coastal processes over a 100 year timeframe (to 2110). Climate Change Canberra, A.C.T. Scenarios for Initial Australian Greenhouse Assessment of Risk Office. This report provides regional climate change in Accordance with scenarios for South Western Australia for Risk Management use in the initial assessment of risks as Guidance (2006) http://pandora.nla.gov.au South West recommended by the Australian 1. /pan/102841/20090728- Region Government. These scenarios have been 0000/www.climatechang prepared by CSIRO for the Australian e.gov.au/impacts/publica Greenhouse Office. tions/risk-scenarios.html The main research activities undertaken by School of the School of Environmental Systems Environmental Engineering may be divided into two main Systems C.Pattiaratchi, T.Stul, areas, Coastal Physical Oceanography Engineering (SESE (including circulation and mixing on the I.Haigh, M.Eliot continental shelf, nearshore processes, – UWA) coastal email@example.com remote sensing application, island wakes oceanography du.au and headland eddies, estuarine dynamics, research Statewide water level variability including tsunamis) and 1. & 2. http://www2.sese.uwa.ed Coastal Sediment Transport (including formation and maintenance of linear u.au/~pattiara/CoastalOc sandbanks, formation and maintenance of eanography/ beach cusps, dynamics of seasonally open tidal inlets, swash sediment transport processes including beach groundwater interaction, sediment transport processes on continental shelves and submarine canyons). Hazard risk assessment by Geoscience Natural Hazard Australia and collaborating agencies (notably Bureau of Meteorology and local Risk in Perth, Trevor Jones, Miriam governments). This study is aimed at Western Australia Middelmann & Neil estimating the impact on the Perth (2005) Corby, Geoscience Covers Perth community of several sudden-onset natural Australia Metro Area hazards. The natural hazards considered are 1. & 2. and SW both meteorological and terrestrial in origin. The hazards investigated most http://www.ga.gov.au/im comprehensively are riverine floods in the age_cache/GA6523.pdf Swan and Canning Rivers, severe winds in metropolitan Perth, and earthquakes in the Perth region. Background Paper A partnership has been formed between the for Climate Change City of Perth, City of Vincent and EPRA to Central Perth Risk Assessment conduct a joint climate change risk Area (within assessment. The Key objectives of the Workshops: the project are: Climate Change City of Perth, City of administrative To better understand the impacts Risks to Existing Vincent, East Perth boundaries of of climate change in the Project 2. and Future Redevelopment Area; the City of Buildings Authority (EPRA) To identify and assess the risks Perth, EPRA (2011) posed by climate change in the and the City Project Area; and SUB- Perth of Vincent) To identify effective adaptation measures to mitigate these risks. REGIONAL Metro Swan Canning TO LOCAL Area River Climate Change Risk Assessment Study Dr Kerry Trayler (Swan (2010) River Trust) Kerry.trayler@swanrivert Windan rust.wa.gov.au The study provides a methodology for local Bridge (Swan) governments to plan, prioritise, and manage to Riverton the risks of sea level rise to economic, social 2. http://www.swanrivertrust Bridge and ecological assets in the area. .wa.gov.au/science/clima (Canning) te/Content/climate_chan ge_risk_assessment.asp x City of Cockburn, City of Coast Currently looking to firstly produce a detailed Integrated coastal Rockingham, City of between coastal vulnerability risk assessment and precinct climate adaptation plan study brief. Fremantle and Town of Fremantle change risk 1. & 2. & 3. Kwinana Fishing Boat assessment The proposed Project Team for the firstname.lastname@example.org Harbour and ov.au Point Peron, preparation of the study brief consists of Dr including the Robert Kay (CZM) and Dr Ailbhe Travers http://www.kwinana.wa.g east coast of (CZM). Mr Matt Eliot (Damara WA) will ov.au/whats_new.asp?NI Garden Island provide expert advice on engineering D=208 components of the brief preparation (Project Team CVs are presented in Appendix A). The approach to prepare the requested brief will follow that adopted by the Project Team for similar review projects and brief preparations. These include the Cottesloe Coastal Vulnerability Project (preparation of funding proposal and subsequent delivery of full project); the Local Adaptation Pathways Program (LAPP) (commissioned by the Office of Climate Change to prepare funding applications for 10 local governments throughout western Australia and contracted to subsequently deliver 3 full LAPP projects for City of Mandurah, the Eastern Metropolitan Regional Councils & Shire of Murchison); and the second phase of the Local Adaptation Pathways Program (LAPP II) for which CZM were commissioned to prepare 2 funding proposals and are currently in the process of delivering one full LAPP 2 project for the Mid-West Regional Council Group. The main aim of the Cottesloe Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Project was to establish potential risk to existing key Vulnerability of the coastal infrastructure under a range of future climate scenarios. The overriding objectives Cottesloe to achieve this aim were: Foreshore to the Town of Cottesloe • Analysis of contemporary coastal Potential Impacts conditions (environmental conditions and Cottesloe of Climate Change http://www.cottesloe.wa. resultant coastal change) 2. & 3. & 4. foreshore • Determination of scenarios for future (2008) gov.au/?p=942 climate change • Prediction of impacts on the physical coastal environment • Implications of physical change for existing infrastructure. In addition, the possible strategic alternatives for adaptation were also considered. In 2005 the Department for Planning and Infrastructure (DPI) commissioned two studies of coastal process along the Perth metropolitan coastline. The aim of the studies were to provide a preliminary assessment of the physical processes Northern Perth setback line, using schedule 1 in Statement of Planning Policy No. 2.6 State Coastal Metropolitan Coast Planning Policy (SPP 2.6). While this policy Coastal Setback cannot be applied retrospectively to Study (2005) & development, in this instance it was used to Department for Planning provide a framework for assessment and to Southern Perth and Infrastructure (now highlight areas of the coast where current Metropolitan Coast Cook Lump to Department of Planning) development may be in need of additional Coastal Setback Fremantle & and M P Rogers & study, due to possible erosion trends in the 1. & 2. Policy (2005) Fremantle to future. The studies were limited in that they Associates Singleton used only data readily available in the strategy’s timeframe, so outputs must be viewed in this context. Data was obtained from existing DPI monitoring programs, supplemented with locally specific reports ie Port Beach, Quinns Rocks, Kwinana and Two Rocks. The studies will help determine where future management focus may be required and identify where any proposed development may need more detailed coastal engineering studies. The process is not exhaustive and does not determine a final coastal setback. Cockburn Sound Coastal Alliance Climate Change Study The Cockburn Sound Coastal Alliance has expressed their intention to undertake work Department of Defence, regarding the impact of climate change on Cockburn the Cockburn area. City of Rockingham and 2. & 3. Sound City of Cockburn Mandurah Coastal Zone Climate Change Risk City of Mandurah Assessment and To identify and prioritise risks arising from climate change, develop strategies to Adaptation Plan http://www.mandurah.wa Mandurah manage them, and to develop a climate 2. & 3. & 4. 2009 .gov.au/HBItem_79613.P change adaptation plan. DF Peel Climate Change Hamish Anderson – The overarching objective of this project is to impact modelling, Climate Change Project provide additional spatial information products to inform the National Coastal and quantifying Leader - Geoscience Rockingham Vulnerability Assessment (NCVA), which 1. & 2. coastal Australia (GA) to Bunbury complement existing NCVA projects and development www.ga.gov.au support a more comprehensive and credible assessment of climate change risks in the Department of Climate coastal zone. Change and Energy This study will undertake detailed modelling Efficiency (DCE) of coastal impacts under current climate and www.climatechange.gov. future climate change scenarios for the area au south of Perth, from Rockingham to Bunbury. Delivery of Final Report and outputs, following comment from DCE, will be by 31 December 2011 Bunbury storm Engages the services of Geoscience surge modelling Australia and other specialist modellers, to provide a computer model for studying the Joint project between the impacts of storm surge events on the State Government settlement of Bunbury, under various potential future climate change scenarios. through DoP, and the Bunbury For model validation and for building a 1. & 2. Federal Government hypothetical ‘worst case scenario’ the work through Geoscience will look at the historic data collected during Australia Tropical Cyclone Alby. Crucially, the model will also attempt to take into account shoreline movement arising from erosion driven by sea level rise. The aim of Phase 1 of the Point Peron to Cape Naturaliste coastal adaptation Developing flexible pathways project is to generate a series of adaptation coastal vulnerability profiles or ‘report cards’ pathways for the at a whole-of-region, primary and secondary Point Peron to sediment cell scale. Preliminary sediment Cape Naturaliste cell profiles will enable the evaluation of the South coastal region of Point Peron to physical vulnerability of the coastal zone for City of Mandurah Cape the Point Peron to Cape Naturaliste coast. 3. West WA - Phase 1 Naturaliste They will serve as the basis for subsequent impact assessment and inform economic evaluation of a) cost of climate impact to the Point Peron to Naturaliste coastal zone, and b) relative cost of adaptation options to treat the identified impacts Developing flexible adaptation The aim is to develop flexible adaptation pathways for the pathways for the Point Peron to Cape Naturaliste coastal region of WA. The project Point Peron to will develop adaptation planning options for Cape Naturaliste the region, which will be used to inform the coastal region of Point Peron to delivery of the specific project outcomes: WA - Phase 2 and 3 City of Mandurah Cape 1) an economic based regional test of 3. Naturaliste adaptation options to treat identified impacts of coastal climate change; and 2) Detailed demonstration of several coastal adaptation pathways and options at a local scale. Climate Change: Whole of The aim of the project is to identify the Landscape South Coast Natural potential risks and impacts of climate change Analysis of the Resource Management and seasonal variability on the natural Impacts and resource assets, land and seascapes, Great Options for the http://www.southcoastnr South Coast industries and communities of the South 2. & 3. Region Coast region of Western Australia, to allow Southern South Coast m.com.au/pages/516/rep the South Coast community to develop Region (2009) orts actions and set priorities to minimise the impacts of climate change on the environment and the community. The Coast of the Shires of Gingin and Dandaragan, Damara WA Pty Ltd and Western Australia: Geological Survey of Geology, Western Australia for the Provide a strategic planning guidance, Geomorphology Department of Planning management strategies and direction on Shire of appropriate land uses for future subdivision and Vulnerability and Department of Gingin and and development of coastal land in the Shire Wheatbelt (2012) Transport Shire of of Gingin and Shire of Dandaragan by the 1. & 4. Dandaragan identification of sediment cells that define Stephanie.clegg@planni coastal stability and susceptibility to change ng.wa.gov.au the coastal zone. The Study includes information that may be of assistance in progressing strategic planning for this part of the coast and comprises of: -The Dongara to Cape Burney Visual Landscape Assessment aims to assess landscape features in order to develop landscape management objectives and design guidelines within the Dongara to Cape Burney area. -The Dongara to Cape Burney Western Dongara to Cape Australia: Geomorphology report describes Burney Coastal the geomorphology of the coast between the Study Department of Planning northern limit of the Dongara Townsite and the mouth of the Greenough River at Cape Dongara to Burney South. This will assist to identify 2. & 3. & 4. http://www.planning.wa.g Cape Burney areas of relative instability including sections ov.au/709.asp of the beach and dune system that are potentially subject to environmental change. -This assessment has been on-going and this report is proposed to be superseded by an all-encompassing Mid West assessment. This assessment is expected to be completed by the end of 2011. -The Dongara to Cape Burney Flora and Vegetation Survey was undertaken in 2008, and re-surveyed in 2011. It aims to provide a regional context of native vegetation in the Greater Geraldton region to allow informed planning decisions to be made. Coastal processes Aims are to understand coastal processes in and coastal the region, and use that knowledge to inform the coastal management priorities and management City of Geraldton- practices of the City of Geraldton- options for Greys Greenough, Geraldton Greenough. to Sunset Beach Sunset Beach Port Authority & (2010) to Greys Department of Transport Beach (City of 2. & 3. Geraldton- http://archive.cgg.wa.gov Greenough) .au/node/1522 1. Identify and prioritise risks: The BROC consortium identified 68 individual risks as well as 12 potential Mid West opportunities posed by climate change impacts to its operations and responsibilities. BROC Climate The risks were rated from low to extreme Change Adaptation using a risk profile index for near and long Action Plan (2010) term exposure time periods of 2030 and 2070 respectively. Mark Chadwick (City of City of 2. Develop Strategies: Geraldton-Greenough) Geraldton- The BROC consortium developed strategies email@example.com Greenough, for managing risks, adaptive actions, and Shire of building resilience within communities. An http://archive.cgg.wa.gov Northampton, analysis of proposed actions was 2. & 3. .au/attachment/climate- Shire of Irwin, consolidated to a total of 63 actions comprising 34 higher priority actions and 29 change-adaptation- Shire of lower priority actions. action-plan Chapman Valley 3. Identify knowledge gaps: The knowledge gaps are largely associated with the uncertainty of the science in predicting the degree of climate change especially for the long term projections to 2070. For this reason the high emission scenario (A1FI) was chosen for the risk assessment using a precautionary approach for 2070, whereas the 2030 projections were based on the mid range scenarios (A1BI). Key objectives: -Identification, analysis and evaluation of climate change risks to future financial, infrastructure and environmental assets and associated services of member Councils. -Formulation of a series of strategies by member Councils and the MWRC to manage identified climate change risks. Mid West Regional Council Climate Shires of -Creating ‘local ownership’ and instilling the Change Risk Mid West Regional Coorow, capacity within member Councils to address Assessment and Council Carnamah, the impacts of climate change by encouraging personal involvement in Adaptation Action Mingenew, developing and implementing adaptation. 2. & 3. & 4. Plan (2010) http://www.mwrc.wa.gov. Morawa, au/publications/folder.20 Mullewa, -Capacity building within member Councils to 10-11-17.9935615748/ Perenjori and enhance the understanding of, and to build Three Springs resilience to climate change. -Identification to climate change risks that require further investigation beyond the scope of the study. -Integration of results from the climate change risk assessment and adaptation responses into Climate Change Adaptation Action Plans for the member Councils and the MWRC. Gascoyne Port Hedland Coastal To evaluate the combined effects of coastal Landcorp, Department of inundation (flooding and storm surge) arising Vulnerability Study Planning, and from cyclonic events for the Town of Port (2011) Department of Water Port Hedland, Hedland and the surrounding area, and to Wedgefield, also assess shoreline stability over planning periods of up to 100 years (2110). firstname.lastname@example.org South 1. & 2. & 3. a.gov.au Hedland and This study is critical in identifying Shellborough development opportunities and constraints for Port Hedland to meet the infrastructure requirements as population doubles over the next 15 years. Onslow Townsite Landcorp commissioned M P Rogers & Planning Coastal Associates Pty Ltd to assess the appropriate Setbacks & setback to account for the action of physical Development Landcorp, Department of coastal processes in line with SPP2.6 as well Levels (Draft July as to investigate potential coastal inundation Planning, and in order to determine the appropriate 2011) Department of Water 4 Mile Creek development levels. to Beadon 1. & 2. Pilbara Philip.woodward@planni Creek This report has been split into two parts, the first dealing with the coastal setback ng.wa.gov.au assessment while the second part investigates the extent of potential coastal inundation. This report presents the data, methods and findings of the Onslow Coastal Setback and Development Levels study. Karratha Coastal Vulnerability Study The purpose of this study is to: (Draft November - evaluate the combined effects of storm 2011) Landcorp, Department of surge, coastal inundation and shoreline Planning, and movement on the future expansion of the townsite for Karratha (including Dampier Department of Water Karratha and townsite) 1. & 2. Dampier Philip.woodward@planni - provide estimates of the storm surge ng.wa.gov.au components and total water levels for a range of design return periods along Karratha coastline. (A hydraulic model is required as a part of this study). Kimberley Goldfields - Esperance *Key for Project Types: 1. Data Collection/Interpretation (i.e. the project involves investigation of Metocean Processes, Biological Drivers, Understanding Processes, Data Acquisition) 2. Vulnerability Assessment/Risk Assessment (identification and evaluation of the consequences for infrastructure, communities and natural assets) Impact Assessment Hazard/Likelihood Assessment 3. Adaptation Plan (following risk / impact / vulnerability assessments, identification of actions or responses to address risk / impacts / vulnerability) 4. Strategy 5. Policy Notes: When commencing coastal vulnerability studies various data sets/detailed information may be available, these may include but are not limited to: Aerial photography - Landgate Shoreline movement photogrammetry - Department of Transport Tides and waves data - Department of Transport Bathymetric surveys - Department of Transport Local hydrographic and beach surveys - Department of Transport Coastal Data Analysis (Rottnest wave buoy report & Storminess paper) - Department of Transport Coastal Engineering Studies - Department of Transport Local Government Climate Change Management Toolkit – Developed by Curtin University Sustainability Policy Institute (CUSP) for the Western Australian Local Government Association (WALGA) – Managed & Operated by the Climate Change Officer at WALGA - http://www.walgaclimatechange.com.au/ References for available methods for undertaking risk assessment: Australian Standard – AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009 Risk Management – Principles and Guidelines Engineers Australia – Risk Management Policy (2008) & Risk Management Strategies Guide. Australian Greenhouse Office (2006) Climate Change Impacts and Risk Management – A Guide for Business and Government. Report prepared for the Australian Greenhouse Office, Department of Environment and Water Resources, Commonwealth of Australia. http://www.climatechange.gov.au/impacts/publications/risk- management.html Harvey, N., & Woodroffe, C.D., 2008, “Australian Approaches to Coastal Vulnerability Assessment”, Sustainability Science, No. 3, pp. 67-87. Swan Canning River Climate Change Risk Assessment Study (2010). http://www.swanrivertrust.wa.gov.au/science/climate/Content/climate_change_risk_assessment.aspx Case studies: Interstate A Snapshot of Future Sea-Levels: Photography of the King Tide (2009) http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/climatechange/09722KingTide.pdf The summer king tide event forecast for the 12th of January was the largest predicted tide for 2009 that would be visible during daylight hours. This presented a wonderful opportunity to engage the community in photographing the peak of the king tide along the whole NSW coastline with two primary objectives in mind: Identifying areas vulnerable to tidal inundation, capturing the tide level against revetments, seawalls and jetties and other marine infrastructure; and Raising awareness throughout the wider community about the current projections for sea level rise to the end of the century (approximately 90cm). The photographic event proved successful in engaging over 250 people to capture over 4000 images providing a broad, state wide snapshot of areas and assets currently vulnerable to the threat of tidal inundation. This report presents a selection of the photographs taken around the peak of the king tide on 12th January 2009, and some images of the very high spring tide that occurred in December 2008. It presents a summary of the information gleaned for the photographic event, along with general technical information about tides and the current status of information on climate change and rising sea levels. Climate Change Impacts on Clarence Coastal Areas (2009) www.ccc.tas.gov.au/site/page.cfm?u=807 Tasmania’s City of Clarence coastal areas are subject to flood, storm surges and erosion, which are expected to increase with climate change. The purpose of the Climate Change Impacts Study is to provide an integrated assessment of climate change risks on coastal areas. The study assessed 17 localities within the City of Clarence that are potentially vulnerable to coastal hazards in the present day, and by 2050 and 2100. The project furthermore, investigated adaptive management options to deal with coastal hazards. The template Coastal Risk Management Plan was developed as part of the Climate Change Impacts project to assist councils across Australia to understand their vulnerability to sea level rise associated with global warming, and to prepare for the potential impacts of climate change. The project was undertaken by the Clarence Council in conjunction with State Emergency Services and Australian Government Department of Climate Change. Sydney Coastal Councils Group Climate Change Adaptation Project (2008) http://www.sydneycoastalcouncils.com.au/system-approach-to-regional-climate-change-adaptation-strategies-in- metropolises/index.php The Sydney Coastal Councils Group (SCCG) is comprised of 15 Local Governments located on the coast of adjacent to the Parramatta River. The SCCG was established in 1989 to promote coordination between member councils on environmental and natural resource management issues relating to the sustainable management of the urban coastal environment. The SCCG Systems Approach to Regional Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in Metropolises project has taken a systems approach to assessing local government vulnerability to climate change and the barriers and opportunities associated with adaptation at the Local Government scale. The project aims to demonstrate the merit of coordinated regional scale responses to climate vulnerability through local government cooperation. The project is a collaboration between the SCCG, CSIRO’s Climate Adaptation Flagship and University of the Sunshine Coast. It is part of the Australian Government’s Department of Climate Change National Climate Change Adaptation Program. Hunter and Central Coast Regional Environmental Management Strategy Climate Change Adaptation Project (2010) ww.hccrems.com.au/climate_change/index.html The Hunter and Central Coast Regional Environmental Management Strategy (HCCREMS) is a collaborative initiative in sustainable development of fourteen Councils in the Hunter, Central and Lower North coast region of NSW. The Regional Climate Change Adaptation Project is a partnership between HCCREMS, Newcastle Innovation and the Tom Farrell institute for the Environment (University of Newcastle). The adaptation project aims to accurately identify climate change at a regional scale and raise awareness and understanding in local governments, industry and community of how these impacts will shape their activities, adaptation planning processes and inform risk assessment. The project also aims to link regional community, industry and government to develop and implement adaptive strategies. Reports from the first two stages of the project are available at the above address. Stage 1 of the project identifies regionally specific climate data to be used in further stages of the project. Stage 2 focuses on the identification of key climate change variables and impacts for the Hunter, Lower North Coast and Central Coast regions. The project aims to provide regional and sub regional climate change scenarios at a scale that can accurately inform local adaptation planning by communities, industry and Councils. Manly Council Ocean Beach Coastline Management Plan (2008) www.manly.nsw.gov.au/content.aspx... www.lgsa-plus.net.au/www/html/... Manly Council is developing a Coastline Management Plan and Emergency Action Plan (EAP) in consultation with the community, stakeholders and the Manly Coastline Committee. The Coastline Management Plan will provide a blueprint for the future management of the Manly Beach area, ensuring that the impact from coastal processes is incorporated into future development and planning. The EAP will manage the beach erosion and shoreline recession hazard in a manner that maintains or improves beach amenity and ensures an acceptable risk of damage to beach front assets. The EAP takes into account the potential for future climate change to affect the magnitude of coastal hazard through increased storm frequency and intensity. Western Port Human Settlements Impacts and Adaptation Project (2006) http://www.seccca.org.au/project_summary.asp?data_id=13 The Western Port Greenhouse Alliance (WPGA) is a regional partnership of five Western Port Councils to address climate change mitigation and adaptation. The councils involved include the Bass Coast, Frankston, Cardinia, Mornington Peninsula and Casey Councils, located in the region to the immediate south-east of the Melbourne metropolitan area. The Western Port Human Settlements Impacts and Adaptation Project (2006-2008) evolved from a WPGA initiated scoping study (2005- 2006) that established the need for more regional information on potential climate change impacts as well as greater understanding of local decision making processes in relation to climate change adaptation. The project focuses on the impacts of climate change on built environment and communities, and local adaptation responses to impacts. The project aims to build Local Government knowledge and capacity to adapt to climate change as well as develop and approach to climate change assessment and adaptation that can be transferred to local governments in other Australian regions. International Coastal hazards and climate change: A guidance manual for local government in New Zealand – 2nd Edition (July 2008) http://www.mfe.govt.nz/publications/climate/coastal-hazards-climate-change-guidance-manual/ This Guidance Manual has been written primarily to support local authorities across New Zealand (policy, planning, consents, building and engineering staff) in dealing with some of the risks posed by coastal hazards, such as erosion and inundation, which will be exacerbated by continued climate change. It provides best practice information and guidance to strengthen the integration of coastal hazards and climate change considerations in land-use planning and during resource consent decision-making. More specifically, the Guidance Manual: provides information on the key effects of climate change on coastal hazards; provides a risk assessment framework for incorporating coastal hazard and climate change considerations into the decision making processes associated with policy development, planning and the awarding of resource consents; and promotes the development of long-term adaptive capacity for managing coastal hazard risk through the adoption of adaptive management and no-regrets response options. City of London Adaptation Strategy (2010) http://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/Corporation/LGNL_Services/Environment_and_planning/Sustainability/Climate_change/ The City of London is the first Council in the UK to develop a comprehensive strategy for adapting to the impacts of climate change. Adopted in 2007, Rising to the Challenge – The City of London Corporation’s Climate Adaptation Strategy was developed using standard risk management tools in consultation with key stakeholders and service providers. The strategy devolves responsibility for implementation to individual departments and puts a monitoring system in place for delivery. The document assesses the major climate change risks facing the City and addresses these risks under the following headings; flood risks, water resources, heat risks and pollution, and ground conditions. The strategy recommends a range of ‘no regrets’, ‘low regrets’, ‘win win’ and ‘flexible’ options for adaptation. The strategy is an excellent example of good practice and the City of London Corporation has been awarded Beacon Status. East Riding of Yorkshire Council Coastline ‘Rollback’ (2005) www.eastriding.gov.uk/cps/.... The East Riding of Yorkshire, U.K. and its neighbours are particularly at risk from climate change due to an eroding coastline. East Riding of Yorkshire Council is implementing a coastal ‘rollback’ strategy to manage high rates of coastal erosion as part of its Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan. ‘Roll back’ is a term used to describe the relocation of property and infrastructure further inland from the eroding coast. The Council considers hard-engineered coastal defences economically and environmentally unsustainable for protecting all development in the coastal zone. The East Riding of Yorkshire Council website provides information on its Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan as well as rollback programs for the caravan industry and residential and agricultural dwellings at risk from coastal erosion. With the need to have a sustainable approach to maintaining the viability of the caravan industry on this fast eroding coastline, the concept of "rollback" was developed by the East Riding of Yorkshire Council in partnership with the Environment Agency and caravan park owners. Partners such as the Local Planning Authority have looked at the implications of re-locating the parks, and developed guidelines, standards and policies within which any moves can be made. The rollback strategy for the caravan industry has, to date, been highly successful. Whilst moving inland, the viability of the caravan industry is being maintained, sustaining communities dependent on caravan tourism. The quality of tourism facilities and the local environment has improved.
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