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高中写作——自然化的 衔接连贯

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高中写作——自然化的 衔接连贯 Powered By Docstoc
					            体会一下
Eg1. He works hard. He is not likely
 to have a successful career. He will
 still be a useful person in the
 society.
    He works hard, but he is not
 likely to have a successful career.
 However, he will still be a useful
 person in the society.
Eg2. Because he helped me in time, I
 passed the exam.
Thanks to his timely help, I passed
 the exam.
As a result of his timely help, I
 passed the exam.
He helped me in time, as a result, I
 passed the exam.
      表时间关系的关联词
     at first, at the beginning of, in the
开始   beginning, to begin with, first(ly),
     first of all

     after a while, afterwards, and then,
然后   later, after that, next, shortly after,
     the next moment
     at last, at length, finally, eventually,
最终   in the end
同时 at the same time, in the meantime,
 meanwhile
过去 at that time, before by that time,
 earlier, formerly, in the past
现在 at present, presently, right now,
 nowadays, up to now
其他 from now on , immediately, right away,
right now, shortly, soon, until, when, as
soon as, since then, for the time, the
moment/minute, hardly...when, no
sooner...than, sooner or later, gradually,
before long, suddenly

Eg. Then I will be happy to be your guide.
   The next moment the car hit him
 while he was crossing the road.
         表空间关系的关联词
说明文和描写文中,表空间方位和顺序
 before, behind, below, beneath, between,
 here, there, where, beyond, nearby,
 under, above, over, on the right/left, in
 (the) front of, in the middle of, at the back
 of, at the bottom of, opposite to, next to,
 on one side, on the other side, at the
 foot/end of, west/east of
Eg. Our library is in the center of the
 school. There is a beautiful garden in
 front of it and our classroom building is
 right behind it.
   表顺序,序列关系的关联词
1) first of all, above all to begin/start
 with,
2) first(ly)...second(ly)...third(ly),
3) in the first place ... and in the second
 place...,
4) for one thing... and for another...,
5) in my opinion, according to,
6) as far as I am concerned, as you know
Eg. There are three reasons why I like him:
 first, he is honest, second, he is kind,
 and third, he is handsome.
           表递进的关联词
what’s more, moreover, furthermore,
additionally, in addition, also, too,
besides, as well ,still, not only... but also,
what’s worse, to make things worse,
worse still
Eg. Charging entrance fees will no doubt
keep some people away. What’s more, it
will become necessary to build gates and
walls.
          表转折的关联词
(al)though, however, on the contrary, but,
 in spite of, nevertheless, yet, otherwise,
 despite, while, instead
Eg. I covered my ears with hands, but it
was no use.
   Although the city is modern and
convenient, there are still some problems.
            表因果的关联词
because, for, for this reason, as,
since, on account of, thanks to , for
the sake of, due to, owing to

as a result, thus, so, therefore, hence,
  accordingly, consequently, as a
  consequence (of),
   表解释说明或列举的关联词
for example, for instance, take...for an
example, such as, that is, as follows, to
illustrate, namely, in other words, and so
on, believe it or not, to tell the truth, in this
case, in particular, particularly, specially

Eg. I can follow my own interests such
as reading books, visiting museums and
taking computer lessons.
   表异同关系或转折的关联词
similarly, likewise, like, unlike, just as, in
 like manner, in the same way, but, yet,
 however, nevertheless, on the other
 hand, on the contrary, in contrast, instead,
 at the same time, compared with, different
 from

Eg. To my surprise, my father didn’t
criticize me. He praised me instead.
 表平行,对等或选择关系的关联词
and, both...and, as well (as), neither...nor,
or, either...or, not only... but also,
besides,

Eg. This will do a lot of harm not only to
their Chinese learning but also to their
future English learning.
          表强调的关联词
do, indeed, actually, really, truly,
especially, to be honest, to be frank, in
particular, to repeat, above all, obviously



Eg. Above all, I can learn more about
nature.
       表条件,让步的关联词
If, unless, so/as long as,
 on condition that



As, though, even if/ though,
whoever, no matter what
      表结论或摘要的关联词
 as a result, finally, so, therefore,
 accordingly, thus, consequently, in
 conclusion, in short, in brief, in a word,
 to sum up, in general, on the whole, all in
 all
Eg. In short, things have began to
improve since schools were called on
to reduce learning load.
           表插入的关联词
I think/believe, to be honest,
generally speaking, as far as I know,
as we all know
                   practice
1.     因为他充分利用时间学习英语, 所以顺利
       通过高考。
     Because he made good use of his time
     to learn English, he passed the college
     entrance exam.

2. 他有许多朋友,但没有一个富有。
  He has many friends, none of whom
  are rich.
3. 因为他弄丢了钥匙,所以进不了房间。

 Having lost his key, he couldn’t
 enter the room.

4. 李平是我的朋友,我很喜欢他。

 Li ping is my friend and I like him
     very much.
1.John is clever, diligent and polite,
  in other words he is a good student.
  _____________,
2.Lucy is 12 and Lily is 11,_______, Lucy is
                             that is
  one year older than Lily.
3.He is a good master ________ he treats
                        because
  his servants well.
4.You must work harder, ___ you will be put
                            or
  into another class.
              but
5.He is poor, ___ he is contented.
6.Some people waste food_____ others
                             while
  don’t have enough.
Radio and television can be seen
 everywhere. ____ the TV set is more
              But
                        because
 useful than the radio ________ on TV
 you can see and hear what is
                            However
 happening in the world. ________, radio
 is not disappearing. It is still with us.
 _____ the number of listeners is
  And
                    After
 becoming larger. _____ the
 transistor(晶体管) has been invented, a
 transistor radio is sometimes ___ small
                                   so
 ____it is easy to carry.
 that
You can put it in your pocket and listen to
 it on the bus or on your bike when you
              _______,
 go to work. Besides radio broadcasts
                               And
 are better for blind people. _____ many
 old people don’t have good eyesight.
 They can’t watch TV, ____ they can listen
                        but
 to music or news over the radio.
 What’s more
 ___________, radio is much cheaper than
 a TV set.
Will Phones Kill Letter-writing?
许多人都认为人电话将取代写信,你认
为呢?

1.请列举能支持你观点的论据

2.给出一个简短的结论

				
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posted:9/10/2012
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