Eg1. He works hard. He is not likely
to have a successful career. He will
still be a useful person in the
He works hard, but he is not
likely to have a successful career.
However, he will still be a useful
person in the society.
Eg2. Because he helped me in time, I
passed the exam.
Thanks to his timely help, I passed
As a result of his timely help, I
passed the exam.
He helped me in time, as a result, I
passed the exam.
at first, at the beginning of, in the
开始 beginning, to begin with, first(ly),
first of all
after a while, afterwards, and then,
然后 later, after that, next, shortly after,
the next moment
at last, at length, finally, eventually,
最终 in the end
同时 at the same time, in the meantime,
过去 at that time, before by that time,
earlier, formerly, in the past
现在 at present, presently, right now,
nowadays, up to now
其他 from now on , immediately, right away,
right now, shortly, soon, until, when, as
soon as, since then, for the time, the
moment/minute, hardly...when, no
sooner...than, sooner or later, gradually,
before long, suddenly
Eg. Then I will be happy to be your guide.
The next moment the car hit him
while he was crossing the road.
before, behind, below, beneath, between,
here, there, where, beyond, nearby,
under, above, over, on the right/left, in
(the) front of, in the middle of, at the back
of, at the bottom of, opposite to, next to,
on one side, on the other side, at the
foot/end of, west/east of
Eg. Our library is in the center of the
school. There is a beautiful garden in
front of it and our classroom building is
right behind it.
1) first of all, above all to begin/start
3) in the first place ... and in the second
4) for one thing... and for another...,
5) in my opinion, according to,
6) as far as I am concerned, as you know
Eg. There are three reasons why I like him:
first, he is honest, second, he is kind,
and third, he is handsome.
what’s more, moreover, furthermore,
additionally, in addition, also, too,
besides, as well ,still, not only... but also,
what’s worse, to make things worse,
Eg. Charging entrance fees will no doubt
keep some people away. What’s more, it
will become necessary to build gates and
(al)though, however, on the contrary, but,
in spite of, nevertheless, yet, otherwise,
despite, while, instead
Eg. I covered my ears with hands, but it
was no use.
Although the city is modern and
convenient, there are still some problems.
because, for, for this reason, as,
since, on account of, thanks to , for
the sake of, due to, owing to
as a result, thus, so, therefore, hence,
accordingly, consequently, as a
for example, for instance, take...for an
example, such as, that is, as follows, to
illustrate, namely, in other words, and so
on, believe it or not, to tell the truth, in this
case, in particular, particularly, specially
Eg. I can follow my own interests such
as reading books, visiting museums and
taking computer lessons.
similarly, likewise, like, unlike, just as, in
like manner, in the same way, but, yet,
however, nevertheless, on the other
hand, on the contrary, in contrast, instead,
at the same time, compared with, different
Eg. To my surprise, my father didn’t
criticize me. He praised me instead.
and, both...and, as well (as), neither...nor,
or, either...or, not only... but also,
Eg. This will do a lot of harm not only to
their Chinese learning but also to their
future English learning.
do, indeed, actually, really, truly,
especially, to be honest, to be frank, in
particular, to repeat, above all, obviously
Eg. Above all, I can learn more about
If, unless, so/as long as,
on condition that
As, though, even if/ though,
whoever, no matter what
as a result, finally, so, therefore,
accordingly, thus, consequently, in
conclusion, in short, in brief, in a word,
to sum up, in general, on the whole, all in
Eg. In short, things have began to
improve since schools were called on
to reduce learning load.
I think/believe, to be honest,
generally speaking, as far as I know,
as we all know
1. 因为他充分利用时间学习英语， 所以顺利
Because he made good use of his time
to learn English, he passed the college
He has many friends, none of whom
Having lost his key, he couldn’t
enter the room.
Li ping is my friend and I like him
1.John is clever, diligent and polite,
in other words he is a good student.
2.Lucy is 12 and Lily is 11,_______, Lucy is
one year older than Lily.
3.He is a good master ________ he treats
his servants well.
4.You must work harder, ___ you will be put
into another class.
5.He is poor, ___ he is contented.
6.Some people waste food_____ others
don’t have enough.
Radio and television can be seen
everywhere. ____ the TV set is more
useful than the radio ________ on TV
you can see and hear what is
happening in the world. ________, radio
is not disappearing. It is still with us.
_____ the number of listeners is
becoming larger. _____ the
transistor(晶体管) has been invented, a
transistor radio is sometimes ___ small
____it is easy to carry.
You can put it in your pocket and listen to
it on the bus or on your bike when you
go to work. Besides radio broadcasts
are better for blind people. _____ many
old people don’t have good eyesight.
They can’t watch TV, ____ they can listen
to music or news over the radio.
___________, radio is much cheaper than
a TV set.
Will Phones Kill Letter-writing?