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Song Dynasty Scroll Worksheet

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					World History                                                      Names:_____________________________

                          Song Dynasty Scroll – City of Kaifeng Internet Data Analysis

Our goal is to learn about the role of cities and learn about China during the Tang and Song Eras. This
was a “Golden Age” for China.

We will be looking at a unique primary source called the Along the River during the Qingming Festival.
This is a scroll created during the Song Dynasty depicting the city of Kaifeng during the Qingming
Festival. While cities in general continued to play the roles they had played in the past as
governmental, religious, and commercial centers, many older cities declined at the same time that
numerous new cities emerged to take on these established roles. Kaifeng is a thriving city during this
time.

Step 1 Try to place the segments of the scroll in the correct order (from left to right) and briefly
describe what you think is happening at each number in the following scenes:

Arched Bridge

1.

2.

5.

6.

9.

11.

13.



City Gate

1.

2.

15.




*revised 9/2/10 to reflect changes and revisions to the website.
Busy Street

8. (type of shop)

11.

12.


Step 2 Go the Song Dynasty in China (960-1279) Columbia University website at:
http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/song
Another closer look at the scroll can be found at
http://www.courses.fas.harvard.edu/~icgzmod/qingming.html


1. Examine the entire scroll by clicking on “The Beijing Qingming Scroll: The Starting Point for this
   Unit.” Move the bar beneath it to see the entire scroll.

2. Check the correct order of the three Kaifeng, the Northern Song capital scenes

3. Check your answers regarding the various activities on your city scenes as follows:

4. Click on “Cities”, then “the Rainbow Bridge” then “Get a closer look at the scene on and around
   the bridge.” Once the page comes up, moving the cursor over a number on the scroll will provide
   additional information.

5. Click on “Cities”, then “Hangzhou & the Urban Elite” then “Get a closer look at the scene on and
   around the bridge.”

6. Click on “Cities” then “A New Kind of City” then “Get a closer look at the street life around the city
   gate…”


Step 3 Functions of a city – read the information below and answer the questions that follow

Cities serve a variety of purposes for existing. These can include:

         Retail/trade
         Manufacturing
         Education (technical or religious training, university, monastery, etc.)
         Religious center or sacred site
         Administration (local, regional, or national political capital)
         Transportation center
         Military center (barracks, training centers, etc.)
         Tourism and/or recreation
*revised 9/2/10 to reflect changes and revisions to the website.
        Services for tourists, traders, merchants, and other travelers
        Cultural center (theatres, music venues, art galleries, etc.)
        Financial center (money lending, tax collection, banking, insurance, stock exchange, etc.)
        Medical and/or hospital

The more types of functions a city has, the larger it tends to be. By the end of the Song Dynasty in
the 1200’s, Kaifeng probably had close to a million people living in it, while Paris and London were
about the same size as Bellevue (30,000 to 80,000 people).

A. In the scroll, find three examples of any of the above functions. List each function and identify
   supporting evidence (for example, the various shops indicate that it was a center for retail and
   trade).

    Function of Kaifeng                                            Evidence in Scroll
    1.



    2.



    3.




B. On the website, click on “technology” and then “printing and movable type” and answer the
   following question:

According to the article, how did improvements in printing technology benefit society?




C. Next click on “Economic Revolution” then “Iron and Steel” and answer the following question:

What are some ways that the mass production of cheap iron and steel benefited Chinese society?




D. Examine the various themes on the website (population boom, technology, etc.)

*revised 9/2/10 to reflect changes and revisions to the website.
Identify three other important technological breakthroughs or inventions of the Song Dynasty. List
each and briefly describe what economic class (elite, merchants, peasants, etc.) or institution
(government, military) the invention affected and why.

Technological breakthrough or invention                            Impacted class or institution and WHY
1.




2.




3.




E. Click on “Cities” then “The Rainbow Bridge.”

What characteristics of the “Rainbow” bridge made it ahead of its time?




In the scroll, what are people doing on the bridge?




F. Click on “Confucianism” then read about both “Neo-Confucianism” and “the family.”


Describe a scholar-official and their role in this period:




How would you describe the role of the family in the Song Dynasty?


*revised 9/2/10 to reflect changes and revisions to the website.
What evidence do you find in the scroll that portrays the lives of women in the Song Dynasty?




G. From the main page, click on “Outside World” and then “International Trade, Overland &
   Maritime”

What evidence do you see in the scrolls that suggests significant overland trade with other groups
during this period? What goods were exchanged?




Describe the ships used in Song sea trade. What impact did foreign trade have on the Chinese?




NOTE: The link “Watery Kingdom: China’s Mariners from Antiquity to the Ming Dynasty” details
advances in shipbuilding during the Song Dynasty. Click on this if time allows.




*revised 9/2/10 to reflect changes and revisions to the website.
Step 4 Song Dynasty –The world’s first modern culture? Write your response below

    Now that you have thoroughly examined the scroll and website about Song China, write a
    paragraph responding to the following question: Was the Song Dynasty sophisticated and
    advanced enough to be considered the world’s first modern culture? Why or why not?

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*revised 9/2/10 to reflect changes and revisions to the website.

				
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