About Rothia Dentocariosa and its Ability to Cause Endocarditis

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					About Rothia Dentocariosa and its Ability to Cause Endocarditis
By Dr. Rajan Bhatt

While practicing in Arizona, Dr. Rajan Bhatt regularly diagnoses and treats individuals
with a wide array of cardiological conditions. Dr. Bhatt has conducted research on a
wide array of topics in the field, including rothia dentocariosa and its relation to
endocarditis, which he presented before both the American College of Physicians and in
the annual clinical vignette competition at the University of Arizona Department of
Medicine.

Rothia dentocariosa is part of the normal group of microbes found in the mouths and
respiratory tract human beings. The bacteria is usually harmless, though it can on rare
occasions cause infections of various tissue, such as the tonsils, lung, cornea,
peritoneum, and the eye. Rothia dentocariosa is one of the major causes of
endocarditis, although other microorganisms, such as fungi, are known to bring on the
infection as well. Endocarditis is a medical condition defined by an inflammation of the
inner lining of the heart muscle. Symptoms may include a new or altered heart murmur,
as well as fevers, chills, cough or shortness of breath, or unexplained weight loss,
among others. Carried through the body by the bloodstream, rothia dentocariosa
bacteria attach to a damaged tissue in the heart, and begin to multiply. The
complications from endocarditis can be severe, including major organ damage, heart
failure, and infection in other parts of the body. This condition can be treated by
medication, but surgery may be required in severe cases.

				
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Description: Rothia dentocariosa is one of the major causes of endocarditis, although other microorganisms, such as fungi, are known to bring on the infection as well.