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Ware Opening

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					Ware Opening
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The Ware Opening (or Meadow Hay Opening) is an uncommon chess                                     Ware Opening
opening for White beginning with the move:
                                                                                          a   b    c      d    e      f   g      h
   1. a4
                                                                                   8                                                 8
It is named after U.S. chess player Preston Ware, who often played
                                                                                   7                                                 7
uncommon openings. The Ware is considered an irregular opening, so is
classified under the A00 code in the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings.              6                                                 6

                                                                                   5                                                 5
    Contents
                            This article uses algebraic notation                   4                                                 4
 1 Opening idea             to describe chess moves.
                                                                                   3                                                 3
 2 Variations
 3 See also                                                                        2                                                 2
 4 Notes
                                                                                   1                                                 1
 5 References
                                                                                          a   b    c      d    e      f   g      h

                                                                                 Moves                 1.a4
Opening idea                                                                     ECO                   A00

The Ware Opening attacks the b5-square and prepares to bring the a1-rook         Named after           Preston Ware

into the game. The b5-square is non-essential and if Black plays 1...e5, the     Parent                Irregular chess opening

f8-bishop prevents the development of the white rook for the moment. The         Synonym(s)            Meadow Hay Opening
reply 1...e5 also gains space for Black in the center, a typical objective of          Chessgames.com opening explorer
most openings but one completely ignored by the Ware Opening. Noting all
this, the Ware Opening is normally seen played only by players completely new   to chess.
An experienced player using the Ware Opening will usually meet a response of 1...d5 or 1...e5 with 2.d4 or 2.e4, respectively,
since a reversed Scandinavian or Englund Gambit would be unsound here. At some later point the move a5 will be played,
followed by Ra4 (as Ra3?? invites ...Bxa3 Nxa3 with a definite advantage for Black).
In the 2012 World Blitz Championship, 1.a4 was employed as a little joke by Magnus Carlsen against Teimour Radjabov, who
during the blitz championship two years earlier had told him "Everyone is getting tired. You might as well start with 1.a4 and
you can still beat them." The game soon turned into a sort of Four Knights Game where Carlsen finally prevailed. [1]

Variations
There are several named variations of the Ware Opening. The best known of these are:
   1...e5 2.h4 – the Crab Variation. This does nothing to help White, but instead weakens his position even more.
   1...e5 2.a5 d5 3.e3 f5 4.a6 – the Ware Gambit.
   1...b6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nd7 – the Cologne Gambit.
   1...b5 2.axb5 Bb7 – the Wing Gambit of the Ware Opening.
   1...a5 – the rarely seen Symmetric Variation.

See also
   Corn Stalk Defense – sometimes known as the "Ware Defense"
   Preston Ware
   List of chess openings
   List of chess openings named after people
Notes
  1. ^ "Grischuk wins 2nd World Blitz title in Astana"   . ChessVibes. 10 July 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012.

References
  Hooper, David and Kenneth Whyld (1996). The Oxford Companion to Chess. Oxford University. ISBN 0-19-280049-3.
  Dunnington, Angus (2000). Winning Unorthodox Openings. Everyman Chess. ISBN 978-1-85744-285-4
  Eric Schiller (2002). Unorthodox Chess Openings (Second ed.). Cardoza. pp. 506–508. ISBN 1-58042-072-9.


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posted:9/10/2012
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