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History: Europe
What country led the way in
       exploration?
Portugal
Why were spices in high demand
         in Europe?
Because there was no refrigeration,
 spices helped preserve food and
        improved its flavor.
Explain: God, Gold, and Glory
God- Catholics wanted to spread
their religion of Christianity and
  diminish Muslim influence.
Gold- (valuable or worth) such as
  gold, silver, spices, silk, etc.
              Glory-
What are countries dominant in
 military and political strength
 and also have influence over
         world events?
Superpowers
What type of government does
  the government controls
        everything?
Communist
 •Tension between the U.S. and
       the Soviet Union.

     A period of distrust and
 misunderstanding between the
Soviet Union and its former allies
           in the West.
Cold War
 What was the dividing line
between Eastern and Western
         Europe?
Iron Curtain
Who was the Soviet leader that
 came into power in 1985 and
decreased military spending?
Mikhail Gorbachev
Who was Laika?
 Russian dog that orbited the
planet. She was launched into
     space on Sputnik 2.
When the Soviet Union came to
 an end in 1991, how many
  republics did it split into?
15
Why was the Berlin Wall built?
To keep East Berliners from going
          to West Berlin.
It separated the communist part
of the city from the free sections.
What year did the Cold War
         begin?
1945
The build up of weapons in order
to have power for protection was
      the ______________
Arms Race
To reunite or bring back together
          is _________
reunification
Which organization included
  most Western European
countries and was formed to:
      -set up a defense alliance
-protect member countries from the
         Soviet Union invasion
-assist in creating free governments.
NATO
What marked the end of the Cold
            War?
When the Berlin was torn down.
When was Germany reunited?
1990
How were the Soviet Union and
    U.S. evenly matched?
            • They both had:
• permanent seats on the UN Security
           • Strong militaries
          • Space technology
 • Large reserves of nuclear weapons
                Who Was He?
•   He took power after the death of Lenin
•   Created the Five-Years Plans
•   Ordered many new factories to be built
•   Forced peasants to move to collective farms.
Joseph Stalin
The alliance of Eastern European
countries behind the Iron Curtain
       was the ____ _____
Warsaw Pact
What is a collective farm?
• Farm that is government-owned and
  employed a large number of workers
  (peasants).
• Crops produced on the farms were distributed
  by the government.
What was the main reason the
  Soviet Union collapsed?
       Answers may vary

   exhausted all of their money
   because they were trying to
 compete with the United States
in the Space Race and Arms race.
Who did Hitler send to
concentration camps?
•   Jews
•   Mentally ill
•   Disabled people
•   Gypsies
Who was the leader of the Nazi
     Party in Germany?
Adolf Hitler
       Which were effects of the
    worldwide economic depression?
•   A.) Employment rose and wages fell.
•   B.) Farmers gained land and business grew.
•   C.) People had more money and better jobs.
•   D.) Farmers lost their land and banks closed.
D.) Farmers lost their land and
        banks closed.
The Treaty of Versailles blamed
what country for World War I?
Germany
What restrictions did the Treaty
of Versailles put on Germany?
•   1.) Give up land
•   2.) Accept responsibility for war
•   3.) Pay reparations for loss and damage
•   4.) Limit armed forces and stop producing war
    materials.
Using strong armies and threats
      of war is _________
Militarism
The love of one’s country is
          ______
Nationalism
What was a cause of the Russian
         Revolution?
     Answers may vary

There were food shortages in
          Russia.
The planned killing of a race of
      people is _______
Genocide

				
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posted:9/10/2012
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