What country led the way in
Why were spices in high demand
Because there was no refrigeration,
spices helped preserve food and
improved its flavor.
Explain: God, Gold, and Glory
God- Catholics wanted to spread
their religion of Christianity and
diminish Muslim influence.
Gold- (valuable or worth) such as
gold, silver, spices, silk, etc.
What are countries dominant in
military and political strength
and also have influence over
What type of government does
the government controls
•Tension between the U.S. and
the Soviet Union.
A period of distrust and
misunderstanding between the
Soviet Union and its former allies
in the West.
What was the dividing line
between Eastern and Western
Who was the Soviet leader that
came into power in 1985 and
decreased military spending?
Who was Laika?
Russian dog that orbited the
planet. She was launched into
space on Sputnik 2.
When the Soviet Union came to
an end in 1991, how many
republics did it split into?
Why was the Berlin Wall built?
To keep East Berliners from going
to West Berlin.
It separated the communist part
of the city from the free sections.
What year did the Cold War
The build up of weapons in order
to have power for protection was
To reunite or bring back together
Which organization included
most Western European
countries and was formed to:
-set up a defense alliance
-protect member countries from the
Soviet Union invasion
-assist in creating free governments.
What marked the end of the Cold
When the Berlin was torn down.
When was Germany reunited?
How were the Soviet Union and
U.S. evenly matched?
• They both had:
• permanent seats on the UN Security
• Strong militaries
• Space technology
• Large reserves of nuclear weapons
Who Was He?
• He took power after the death of Lenin
• Created the Five-Years Plans
• Ordered many new factories to be built
• Forced peasants to move to collective farms.
The alliance of Eastern European
countries behind the Iron Curtain
was the ____ _____
What is a collective farm?
• Farm that is government-owned and
employed a large number of workers
• Crops produced on the farms were distributed
by the government.
What was the main reason the
Soviet Union collapsed?
Answers may vary
exhausted all of their money
because they were trying to
compete with the United States
in the Space Race and Arms race.
Who did Hitler send to
• Mentally ill
• Disabled people
Who was the leader of the Nazi
Party in Germany?
Which were effects of the
worldwide economic depression?
• A.) Employment rose and wages fell.
• B.) Farmers gained land and business grew.
• C.) People had more money and better jobs.
• D.) Farmers lost their land and banks closed.
D.) Farmers lost their land and
The Treaty of Versailles blamed
what country for World War I?
What restrictions did the Treaty
of Versailles put on Germany?
• 1.) Give up land
• 2.) Accept responsibility for war
• 3.) Pay reparations for loss and damage
• 4.) Limit armed forces and stop producing war
Using strong armies and threats
of war is _________
The love of one’s country is
What was a cause of the Russian
Answers may vary
There were food shortages in
The planned killing of a race of
people is _______