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   This article is about the year 1531. For the number (and other uses), see 1531 (number).
Year 1531 (MDXXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will
                                                                                  Millennium:                    2nd millennium
display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
                                                                                   Centuries:    15th century – 16th century – 17th century

Events                                                                             Decades : 1500s 1510s 1520s – 1530s – 1540s 1550s 1560s

                                                                                      Years:      1528 1529 1530 – 1531 – 1532 1533 1534

January–June
                                                                                                              1531 by topic
   January 26 – Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake in which thousands die.                              Arts and science
   February 11 – Henry VIII of England is recognised as supreme head of the                         Architecture · Art · Literature · Music ·
   Church of England.                                                                                              Science ·
   February 27 – Lutheran princes in the Holy Roman Empire form an alliance                                   Lists of leaders
                                                                                                     Colonial governors · State leaders ·
   known as the Schmalkaldic League.
                                                                                                         Birth and death categories
   February or March – Battle of Antukyah: Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi of the
                                                                                                               Births · Deaths ·
   Adal Sultanate defeats the Ethiopian army.
                                                                                                  Establishments and disestablishments
   April – Battle of Puná: Francisco Pizarro defeats the island's native                                        categories
   inhabitants.                                                                                     Establishments · Disestablishments ·
   April 16 – The city of Puebla, Mexico is founded.                                                           Works category
   June 24 – The city of San Juan del Río, Mexico is founded.                                                     Works ·
                                                                                                                                        V   · T· E·
July–December
   July 25 – The city of Santiago de Querétaro, Mexico is founded.                                    1531 in other calendars
   September 22 – Battle of Obertyn: The Moldavians are defeated by Polish                  Gregorian calendar         1531
   forces under Jan Amor Tarnowski, allowing the Poles to recapture Pokucie.                                           MDXXXI

   October 11 – Battle of Kappel: The forces of Zürich are defeated by the                  Ab urbe condita            2284

   Catholic cantons. Huldrych Zwingli, the Swiss religious reformer, is killed.             Armenian calendar          980
                                                                                                                       ԹՎ ՋՁ
   October 28 – Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again
                                                                                            Assyrian calendar          6281
   defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of
                                                                                            Bahá'í calendar            -313–-312
   Ethiopia thus falls under Imam Ahmad's control.
                                                                                            Bengali calendar           938
   December 12 – The Virgin Mary, in the guise of Our Lady of Guadalupe,
   allegedly appears to Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin, an Aztec convert to                     Berber calendar            2481

   Catholicism.                                                                             English Regnal year        22 Hen. 8 – 23 Hen. 8
                                                                                            Buddhist calendar          2075
Date unknown                                                                                Burmese calendar           893
   Andrea Alciato publishes the first part of his Emblemata.                                Byzantine calendar         7039–7040
   The Comet Halley appears (Perihelion: August 26).                                        Chinese calendar           庚寅年十二月十三日

   Conquistador Francisco de Montejo claims Chichen Itza as capital of Spanish-                                        (4167/4227-12-13)
   ruled Yucatán.                                                                                                              — to —
                                                                                                                       辛卯年十一月廿三日
   The University of Sarajevo is founded by Gazi Husrev-beg.
                                                                                                                       (4168/4228-11-23)
   Kõpu Lighthouse is completed.
                                                                                            Coptic calendar            1247–1248
   An enormous drought in Henan province, China, coupled with a gigantic
                                                                                            Ethiopian calendar         1523–1524
   swarm of locusts in the summer, forces many in destitute agricultural
                                                                                            Hebrew calendar            5291–5292
   communities to turn to cannibalism instead of dying by starvation.
                                                                                            Hindu calendars
   Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor abolishes the worst abuses of the
                                                                                                - Vikram Samvat        1587–1588
   encomienda system by pressure of Bartolomé de las Casas.
                                                                                                - Shaka Samvat         1453–1454
   Witch-hunt in the town of Schiltach, Germany
                                                                                                - Kali Yuga            4632–4633
                                                                                    Holocene calendar        11531
                                                                                    Iranian calendar         909–910
Births
                                                                                    Islamic calendar         937–938
  September – Henry Stanley, 4th Earl of Derby (died 1594)                          Japanese calendar        Kyōroku 4
                                                                                                             (享禄4 年)
  October 12 – Jacques de Savoie, 2nd Duc de Nemours (died 1585)
  November 14 – Richard Topcliffe, English torturer and sadist (died 1604)          Julian calendar          1531      MDXXXI

  November 18 – Roberto di Ridolfi, Italian conspirator against Elizabeth I (died   Korean calendar          3864
  1612)                                                                             Minguo calendar          381 before ROC
                                                                                                             民前381 年
  date unknown
     Henry, Count of Bréderode (died 1568)                                          Thai solar calendar      2074
                                                                                               This box: view · talk · edit ·
     Akiyama Nobutomo, Japanese nobleman (died 1575)
     John Popham, Lord Chief Justice of England (died 1607)
     António, Prior of Crato, claimant to the throne of Portugal (died 1595)                   Wikimedia Commons has media
                                                                                               related to: 1531
Deaths
  January 21 – Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter (born 1487)
  February 16 – Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician (born 1452)
  March 6 – Pedrarias Dávila, Spanish colonial administrator (born c. 1440)
  May 19 – Jan Łaski, Polish statesman and diplomat (born 1456)
  July 7 – Tilman Riemenschneider, German sculptor (born 1460)
  July 17 – Hosokawa Takakuni, Japanese military commander (born 1484)
  July 23 – Louis de Brézé, seigneur d'Anet, Marshal of Normandy and husband of Diane de Poitiers
  October 10 – Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss reformer (in battle) (born 1484)
  September 22 – Louise of Savoy, mother of Francis I of France (born 1476)
  November 24 – Johannes Oecolampadius, German religious reformer (born 1482)
  date unknown – Vallabhacharya, founder of the Hindu Vallabha sect (born 1479)
  probable – Fernan Perez de Oliva, Spanish man of letters (born 1492)

References


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posted:9/10/2012
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