mary.the.mother.of.jesus by lanyuehua

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									We are going to take a look at an
  important person in God’s
    scheme of redemption.
      Mary,
 The Mother of Jesus
 Mary is introduced by Luke, with
the visit by the Angel Gabriel.
                    Luke
 26 Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel
was sent by God to a city of Galilee named
Nazareth,
 27 to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name
was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin's
name was Mary.
 28 And having come in, the angel said to her,
"Rejoice, highly favored one, the Lord is with
you; blessed are you among women!"

                  1:26-28
 Mary is introduced by Luke, with
the visit by the Angel Gabriel.
 She is mostly remembered for her
role in the birth of Christ. (Luke 1:29-56)
 Mary is worthy to be called
“blessed” (Luke 1:48), but we need to
distinguish between…
  •What the Bible actually teaches about Mary.
  •What has been taught by sources outside of
  the Bible.
    To have a proper
understanding of Mary,
the mother of Jesus, we
 first must look at the
     Biblical record.
 Her Ancestry…
  •Luke’s genealogy of Jesus is thought to
  be through Mary, not Joseph.
             Luke

 Now Jesus Himself began His
ministry at about thirty years of
age, being (as was supposed) the
 son of Joseph, the son of Heli,


             3:23
 Her Ancestry…
  •Luke’s genealogy of Jesus is thought to
  be through Mary, not Joseph.
    -Note that Jesus was supposed to be
    “the son of Joseph”
    -But was “of Heli” (Mary’s father)
    -This explains the apparent
    contradiction between Matthew’s and
    Luke’s genealogies.
    -Mary descended from David through
    Nathan. (Luke 3:31)
    -Joseph descended from David
    through Solomon. (Matthew 1:6)
 Her Ancestry…
  •That she was descended from David is
  also implied by…
    -The angel’s statement that Jesus
    would receive the throne of His father
    David.
               Luke
31 "And behold, you will conceive in
your womb and bring forth a Son,
and shall call His name JESUS.
 32 "He will be great, and will be
called the Son of the Highest; and
the Lord God will give Him the
throne of His father David.

              1:31-32
 Her Ancestry…
  •That she was descended from David is
  also implied by…
    -The angel’s statement that Jesus
    would receive the throne of His father
    David.
    -Other similar statements that imply a
    flesh and blood relationship through
    Mary are…
                Acts
"Therefore, being a prophet, and
knowing that God had sworn with
an oath to him that of the fruit of his
body, according to the flesh, He
would raise up the Christ to sit on
his throne,


                2:30
            Acts
concerning His Son Jesus
Christ our Lord, who was born
of the seed of David according
to the flesh,



            2:30
        2nd Timothy
Remember that Jesus Christ,
of the seed of David, was
raised from the dead
according to my gospel,



            2:8
 Her Virginity…
  •It is clearly attested to by Luke.
  (Luke 1:26-38)
  •Likewise by Matthew. (Matthew 1:18-25)
                    Matthew
 18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows: call His
21 "And she will bring forth a Son, and you shall After
 His mother for He will save His to Joseph, before
name JESUS,Mary was betrothed people from theirthey
sins." together, she was found with child of the Holy
 came
 22 So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which
 Spirit.
  19 spoken by the Lord through the a just man, and
wasThen Joseph her husband, being prophet, saying:not
 wanting to the virgin shall be with child, and bear a
 23 "Behold, make her a public example, was minded to
 put and they shall call
Son, her away secretly. His name Immanuel," which is
  20 But while he with us."
translated, "God thought about these things, behold, an
 angel of the Lord appeared to from a dream, as the
 24 Then Joseph, being arousedhim insleep, did saying,
 "Joseph, son of David, do not him and took to him his
angel of the Lord commandedbe afraid to take to you
wife, your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of
 Mary
 25 and did not know her till she had brought forth her
 the Holy Spirit.
firstborn Son. And he called His name JESUS.

                      1:18-25
 Her Family Relations…
  •She likely had normal relations with her
  husband Joseph after Jesus’ birth.
    -Joseph “did not know her until” she had
    Jesus.
             Matthew
24 Then Joseph, being aroused from
sleep, did as the angel of the Lord
commanded him and took to him his
wife,
 25 and did not know her till she had
brought forth her firstborn Son. And
he called His name JESUS.


              1:24-25
 Her Family Relations…
  •She likely had normal relations with her
  husband Joseph after Jesus’ birth.
    -Joseph “did not know her until” she had
    Jesus.
    -This strongly implies he did afterwards.
  •She likely had other children
    -Jesus was “firstborn Son”
             Luke

And she brought forth her
firstborn Son, and wrapped Him
in swaddling cloths, and laid Him
in a manger, because there was no
room for them in the inn.


              2:7
 Her Family Relations…
  •She likely had normal relations with her
  husband Joseph after Jesus’ birth.
    -Joseph “did not know her until” she had
    Jesus.
    -This strongly implies he did afterwards.
  •She likely had other children
    -Jesus was “firstborn Son”
    -This normally implies that there were
    other children.
 Her Family Relations…
  •Jesus is said to have four brothers and
  at least two sisters.
            Matthew
 55 "Is this not the carpenter's
son? Is not His mother called
Mary? And His brothers James,
Joses, Simon, and Judas?
 56 "And His sisters, are they not
all with us? Where then did this
Man get all these things?"

             13:55-56
 Her Family Relations…
  •Jesus is said to have four brothers and
  at least two sisters.
    -Some claim that these were children of
    Joseph from a previous marriage.
    -That they were actually cousins of Jesus.
    -Taken at face value, it is clear that Jesus
    had siblings.
 Her Character…
  •We learn a lot from Gabriel’s visit and
  her subsequent visit with Elizabeth.
  (Luke 1:26-56)
     -Her faith in God, humility, obedience.
     -Her praise of God, and familiarity with
     the Old Testament writings.
  •She demonstrated faithfulness in her
  service to God.
     -The circumcision of her Son. (Luke 2:21)
     -His purification and presentation in the
     temple. (Luke 2:22-28)
                              Luke
22 Now when the days of her purification according to the law of
Moses were completed, they brought Him to Jerusalem to present
Him to the Lord
 23 (as it is written in the law of the Lord, "Every male who opens the
womb shall be called holy to the LORD"),
 24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what is said in the law of the
Lord, "A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons."
 25 ¶ And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was
Simeon, and this man was just and devout, waiting for the
Consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him.
 26 And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would
not see death before he had seen the Lord's Christ.
 27 So he came by the Spirit into the temple. And when the parents
brought in the Child Jesus, to do for Him according to the custom of
the law,
 28 he took Him up in his arms and blessed God and said:

                          2:22-28
 Her Character…
  •We learn a lot from Gabriel’s visit and
  her subsequent visit with Elizabeth.
  (Luke 1:26-56)
     -Her faith in God, humility, obedience.
     -Her praise of God, and familiarity with
     the Old Testament writings.
  •She demonstrated faithfulness in her
  service to God.
     -The circumcision of her Son. (Luke 2:21)
     -His purification and presentation in the
     temple. (Luke 2:22-28)
     -Her observance of the Passover (Luke 2:41)
 Her gradual Separation…
  •Her primary task was to bear the savior
  and raise Him up.
  •As He began His work, there was a
  necessary gradual separation.
    -Intimated early on, when the boy Jesus
    was at the temple. (Luke 2:41-51)
    -Evidenced further at the wedding feast in
    Cana. (John 2:1-5)
                     John
1 On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of
Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.
 2 Now both Jesus and His disciples were invited to
the wedding.
 3 And when they ran out of wine, the mother of
Jesus said to Him, "They have no wine."
 4 Jesus said to her, "Woman, what does your
concern have to do with Me? My hour has not yet
come."
 5 His mother said to the servants, "Whatever He
says to you, do it."

                     2:1-5
 Her gradual Separation…
  •Her primary task was to bear the savior
  and raise Him up.
  •As He began His work, there was a
  necessary gradual separation.
    -Intimated early on, when the boy Jesus
    was at the temple. (Luke 2:41-51)
    -Evidenced further at the wedding feast in
    Cana. (John 2:1-5)
    -The emphasis upon His true family in His
    teaching. (Matthew 12:46-50)
                    Matthew
 46 While He was still talking to the multitudes, behold,
His mother and brothers stood outside, seeking to
speak with Him.
 47 Then one said to Him, "Look, Your mother and Your
brothers are standing outside, seeking to speak with
You."
 48 But He answered and said to the one who told Him,
"Who is My mother and who are My brothers?"
 49 And He stretched out His hand toward His disciples
and said, "Here are My mother and My brothers!
 50 "For whoever does the will of My Father in heaven is
My brother and sister and mother."


                    12:46-50
 Her gradual Separation…
  •Her primary task was to bear the savior
  and raise Him up.
  •As He began His work, there was a
  necessary gradual separation.
    -Intimated early on, when the boy Jesus
    was at the temple. (Luke 2:41-51)
    -Evidenced further at the wedding feast in
    Cana. (John 2:1-5)
    -The emphasis upon His true family in His
    teaching. (Matthew 12:46-50)
    -The intrusting of her to John’s care at the
    cross. (John 19:25-27)
 Her gradual Separation…
  •She is at least seen with the disciples of
  her Son, following His ascension.
  (Acts 1:12-15)
  •Her role from being mother of Jesus has
  shifted to being a disciple of Jesus.
What may surprise some is that once
  the church began on the day of
Pentecost (Acts 2), we never read of
   Mary again in the Scriptures!

 But over the past 2000 years
 there have been quite a few
“Extra Biblical Deveopments”
To Be Continued…
 Extra Biblical
     Mary,
The Mother of Jesus
Developments
 Perpetual Virginity…
  •From the second century A.D., many
  have taught that Mary remained a virgin.
  •That Jesus’ brothers and sisters were
  either cousins or step-siblings.
  •This view has appealed to those who view
  marital sex as less than holy.
    -Joseph “did not know her until” she had
    Jesus.
           Hebrews
Marriage is honorable among
all, and the bed undefiled; but
fornicators and adulterers
God will judge.



             13:4
 Perpetual Virginity…
  •From the second century A.D., many
  have taught that Mary remained a virgin.
  •That Jesus’ brothers and sisters were
  either cousins or step-siblings.
  •This view has appealed to those who view
  marital sex as less than holy.
  •She could have remained a virgin, but
  Biblical evidence suggests otherwise.
 Theotokos (God-Bearer)…
  •During the fourth to sixth centuries
  A.D., theotokos became a catchword of
  Christological orthodoxy, that stressed
  the divinity of Christ.
  •Though not a Biblical term, as first used,
  it did teach truth about Mary.
              Luke
And the angel answered and said
to her, "The Holy Spirit will come
upon you, and the power of the
Highest will overshadow you;
therefore, also, that Holy One
who is to be born will be called
the Son of God.

               1:35
 Theotokos (God-Bearer)…
  •During the fourth to sixth centuries
  A.D., theotokos became a catchword of
  Christological orthodoxy, that stressed
  the divinity of Christ.
  •Though not a Biblical term, as first used,
  it did teach truth about Mary.
  •But it has come to suggest erroneous
  Mariological connotations.
  (Mary as the Mother of God)
 Intercession Of Mary…
  •During the middle ages, some believed it
  required the intercession of saints to find
  forgiveness for post-baptismal sins.
  •Though not a Biblical term, as first used,
  it did teach truth about Mary.
            1st John
My little children, these
things I write to you, so that
you may not sin. And if
anyone sins, we have an
Advocate with the Father,
Jesus Christ the righteous.

              2:1
 Intercession Of Mary…
  •During the middle ages, some believed it
  required the intercession of saints to find
  forgiveness for post-baptismal sins.
  •According to this view, who better to
  intercede for us than Mary, the Mother of
  God and Lady in the courts of heaven?
  •Biblically, it says…
           Romans
Who is he who condemns?
It is Christ who died, and
furthermore is also risen, who
is even at the right hand of
God, who also makes
intercession for us.

            8:34
         1st Timothy
For there is one God and one
Mediator between God and
men, the Man Christ Jesus,




             2:5
 Veneration Of Mary…
  •Together with the intercession of Mary
  came the veneration (profound respect or
  reverence) of Mary.
  •Distinctions were made:
    -Latria (true worship) is proper to God alone.
    Hyperdulia (extreme honor) is proper to
    Mary, Queen of heaven.
    Dulia (honor) to the saints.
 Veneration Of Mary…
  •But in practice, such distinctions are of
  little significance; adulation to Mary in
  prayers and hymns have sometimes
  surpassed those given to the Godhead.
  •Yet not even the apostles nor angels
  accepted adulation or obeisance (homage).
             Acts
 25 As Peter was coming in,
Cornelius met him and fell
down at his feet and
worshiped him.
 26 But Peter lifted him up,
saying, "Stand up; I myself am
also a man."
          10:25-26
              Revelation
 8 Now I, John, saw and heard these things.
And when I heard and saw, I fell down to
worship before the feet of the angel who
showed me these things.
 9 Then he said to me, "See that you do not
do that. For I am your fellow servant, and of
your brethren the prophets, and of those
who keep the words of this book. Worship
God."

                 22:8-9
 Immaculate Conception…
  •In the nineteenth century, Pius IX decreed
  the doctrine of immaculate Conception.
  •Many think this refers to the virgin birth
  of Jesus, but it declares that Mary was
  conceived without “Original Sin”, preparing
  her to be a suitable mother for Jesus.
  •This also postulates that Mary went on to
  live a life without sin (contradicting 1st John 1:10).
           1st John


 If we say that we have not
sinned, we make Him a liar,
and His word is not in us.



             1:10
 Assumption Of Mary…
  •In 1950, Pius XII decreed that Mary, at the
  end of her life, was physically taken into
  heaven.
  •His idea first came from apocryphal
  fourth-century writings (The Passing of Mary).
  •It became an established teaching across
  the Eastern, Western, Coptic and Oriental
  churches from at least the late seventh
  century.
  •Views differ as to whether she died or fell
  asleep before being taken up into heaven.
 Conclusion…
  •Extra Biblical developments continue in
  Mariology…
    -Mary as the mother of all Christians.
    -Mary as Mediatrix.
    -Mary as Co-Redemtix
    -Mary as Queen of heaven
    -Reparations to the Virgin Mary.
  •Mary certainly occupies a place of honor
  and dignity in the Scriptures.
    -For her role as the human mother of the
    Messiah.
    -For her example of faith, humility, and
    devotion.
 Conclusion…
  •We can agree with…
    -Gabriel: “Blessed are you among women!”
    (Luke 1:28)
    -Elizabeth: “Blessed are you among women!”
    (Luke 1:42)
  •But Mary was not perfect, at times she
  possessed bewilderment…
    -At the statements made when her Son was
    presented in the temple. (Luke 2:33-35)
    -At the conduct of her Son in the temple
    when He was twelve. (Luke 2:48-50)
A balanced view of Mary and
    her role in the plan of
redemption will be limited to
the Biblical evidence, for it is
evident how far people will go
when left to their own devices,
and we have warnings not to
  add to the Word of God…
        Deuteronomy
 "You shall not add to the word
which I command you, nor
take from it, that you may
keep the commandments of
the LORD your God which I
command you.

             4:2
        Proverbs


Do not add to His words,
Lest He rebuke you, and
you be found a liar.


          30:6
              Revelation
 18 For I testify to everyone who hears the
words of the prophecy of this book: If
anyone adds to these things, God will add
to him the plagues that are written in this
book;
 19 and if anyone takes away from the words
of the book of this prophecy, God shall take
away his part from the Book of Life, from
the holy city, and from the things which are
written in this book.
               22:18-19

								
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