Docstoc

Prevention

Document Sample
Prevention Powered By Docstoc
					Prevention

                4-H Veterinary Science
            Extension Veterinary Medicine
           Texas AgriLife Extension Service
College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Science
                  Texas A&M System
                 http://aevm.tamu.edu
Objectives
 Discuss management practices targeted
 toward sources of disease

 Discuss management practices targeted
 towards transmission of diseases

 Discuss management practices targeted
 toward resistance and immunity of animals
 against diseases
 Biosecurity
    Mitigation (prevention)
    Preparedness
    Response
    Recovery
 Important to
    Foster optimal health and welfare
    Enhance productivity and economic efficiency
    Ensure abundant, safe, and wholesome food
 Prevent disease transmission through
    Nutritional management practices
    Husbandry management practices
    Epidemiological management practices
How Diseases are Transmitted
 Epidemiology
     Study of the transmission of animal diseases


 Means of transmission
     Direct transmission
          Direct of close contact
     Indirect transmission
          Contact with contaminated vectors
 Routes of transmission
     Aerosol
     Oral
     Vehicle
     Vector
     Zoonotic
Epidemiological Management
Practices
 Replacement animals


 Diseased animals


 Testing


 Vaccinations
Nutritional Management Practices
 Poor nutrition predisposes animals to disease
 Management practices
    Sufficient clean water
    Adequate supplement
       Protein

       Carbohydrates

       Minerals

       Vitamins

       Fats

       Oils

    Adequate forage
    Prevent overcrowding and overgrazing
    Newborns receive colostrum within four hours of birth
Husbandry Management Practices
 Poor husbandry causes problems
 Prevent illness by
     Adequate space and ventilation
     Shelter from weather
     Sanitary conditions
     Clean and disinfect feeding and watering
      devices

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:3
posted:9/9/2012
language:English
pages:12