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Rockland County

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 7

  • pg 1
									ROCKLAND COUNTY
50 Sanatorium Road
Pomona, NY 10970
(845) 364-3333
www.co.rockland.ny.us

State Legislative Districts:
Senate:           38
Assembly:         92 - 94




Base Fare (TOR):                           $1.00
Last Increase:                             $.10 in April 2002

Public Transportation, supported by STOA, in
Rockland County is comprised of five distinctly
different services, provided in a variety of institutional
and market settings. The range of services include local
services within towns and within the County, and
commuter services to Westchester County and to
Manhattan, and a paratransit service that operates
throughout the county. Each of these five service
categories is described below.

Transport of Rockland (TOR): Rockland County
contracts with two private operators to provide fixed
route bus service under the name Transport of Rockland                        TOR’s cost recovery ratio, a measure of system
(TOR). The Fixed Route operators are Rockland                                 economy, increased slightly to 20.3 percent, which is
Coaches and Hudson Transit, both subsidiaries of                              still somewhat low for a suburban system. This rate is
Coach USA.                                                                    driven to a large degree by stable fares, supported in
                                                                              turn, by the County’s use of funds it receives from
STOA eligible TOR passengers decreased 0.4 percent                            MTA, pursuant to an agreement madeduring the 1980's.
from 2001 to 2002, but over the five year period from
1998 to 2002 there was a 6.6 percent annualized                               The modest fare increase in 2002 combined with
increase in ridership. This consistent growth in                              revenue passengers remaining stable was one of the
ridership is largely due to increases in Rockland                             factors for an increase in passenger revenue of 9.4
County’s population, employment, as well as service                           percent. This increase in revenue, coupled with a
improvements.                                                                 proportionally smaller increase of 7.2 percent for

                         Rockland County Sponsored Services                                           Rockland County Sponsored Services
                                Revenue Passengers                                                           Revenue Vehicle Miles
                                                                                                  8,500
                 5,400                                                                            8,250
                 5,200                                                                            8,000
                 5,000                                                                            7,750
     Thousands




                                                                                      Thousands




                                                                                                  7,500
                 4,800                                                                            7,250
                 4,600                                                                            7,000
                 4,400                                                                            6,750
                                                                                                  6,500
                 4,200                                                                            6,250
                 4,000                                                                            6,000
                         1998     1999    2000    2001        2002                                        1998   1999    2000    2001      2002
                                          Year                                                                           Year




                                                                     III-53
            Rockland County             Fixed Route      Paratransit       Tappanzee      Commuter         Municipal        Total
          2002 Characteristics             TOR             TRIPS            Express          Bus             Bus
Revenue Passengers                          1,815,434          62,146          346,269      2,636,327         197,435       5,057,611
Number of Vehicles                                  51             19                35           171               13            289
Number of Employees                                 36             22                33           242               16            349
Revenue Vehicle Miles                       1,300,072        420,035           670,865      5,286,534         396,811       8,074,317
Revenue Vehicle Hours                          65,437          31,426           32,778         12,287          25,060         166,988
Total Operating Revenue                     1,296,960          57,803          310,414     21,348,533          84,964      23,098,674
Total Operating Expense                     6,401,181      1,661,222         3,607,044     25,053,681       1,651,673      38,374,801
Operating Expense /Rev. Vehicle Mile              4.92           3.95              5.38           4.74            4.16            4.75
Operating Expense / Rev. Vehicle Hour           97.82           52.86           110.04       2,039.04           65.91          229.81
Rev. Passengers / Rev. Vehicle Mile               1.40           0.15              0.52           0.04            0.50            0.63
Rev. Passengers / Rev. Vehicle Hour             27.74            1.98            10.56         214.56             7.88          30.29
Total Operating Revenue / Op. Expense             0.20           0.03              0.09           0.85            0.05            0.60
Operating Expense / Revenue Passenger             3.53          26.73            10.42            9.50            8.37            7.59
Total Op. Revenue / Revenue Passenger             0.71           0.93              0.90           8.10            0.43            4.57


    operating expenses, caused the cost recovery ratio to                  The cost recovery ratio of the Tappan Zee Express
    increase slightly in 2002 for the Transport of Rockland                increased 9.8 percent from 2001 to 2002. The reason
    Fixed-Route system.                                                    for this increase in the Operating Ratio is passenger
                                                                           revenue increased 23.1 percent while operating costs
    The efficiency of the TOR fixed route system, as                       increased 12.1 percent. Despite this increase, the cover
    measured by cost per revenue vehicle mile, decreased                   ratio of this service is relatively low, due to strong
    from 2001 to 2002. An increase in the operating cost                   competition from the private automobile in this
    per Revenue mile represents a decrease in the efficiency               suburban market as well as a very low fare structure for
    of the system. The cost per mile increased from $4.78                  commuter express services using Over-the-Road
    to $4.92. This change in efficiency is due to operating                Coaches.
    costs increasing at a greater rate than the revenue
    vehicle miles. Over the five year period from 1998 to                  Starting in October 2001 the Tappan Zee Express
    2002 the cost per mile went from $4.62 in 1998 to                      started a temporary Thruway bypass service. This
    $4.92 in 2002.                                                         premium service was put into place to avoid delays at
                                                                           the Exit 8 renovation construction area and ensure a
    The effectiveness of the TOR fixed route system is                     quicker ride for transit users. The Thruway By-pass
    measured by the revenue passengers to revenue vehicle                  uses a 16 passenger bus that is able to exit I-287/I-87
    mile ratio. The Revenue Passengers decreased slightly                  near the Tappan Zee toll booth, and go under the bridge
    in 2002 while the Revenue Vehicle Miles increased 4.1                  to Route 119. This vehicle type, unlike conventional
    percent. The increase in Miles with a decrease in                      commuter buses, can negotiate the turns of the By-pass
    Passengers represents a decrease in the Effectiveness of               route. There are six by-pass runs in the morning from
    the system for 2002. This was the first year the                       Suffern through Nyack into White Plains. The service
    effectiveness decreased over the five year period. Over                carries about 1,000 passenger per month. The Thruway
    the five year period from 1998 to 2002 Revenue                         bypass service is expected to terminate once the
    Passengers increased 6.6 percent and Revenue Vehicle                   construction of the I-287 / I-87 corridor is complete.
    Miles increased 5.7 percent. The increase in passengers
    is greater than the increase in miles causing an                       TRIPS: The TRIPS countywide complementary
    annualized increase of 0.8 percent in the effectiveness                paratransit service is operated directly by the County. In
    of the system over the 5 year period.                                  2002 TRIPS had an increase of Revenue passengers of
                                                                           11.2 percent and the Revenue Vehicle Miles increased
    Tappan Zee Express: Rockland County contracts with                     9.9 percent. Given that the origins/destinations of
    the same two private carriers that operate TOR, to                     people using the TRIPS system is more dispersed, the
    provide the Tappan Zee Express suburban commuter                       level of service increases necessitated to sustain this
    bus service. The objective of this service is to reduce                ridership growth is nearly twice that of the fixed route
    the number of Single Occupancy Vehicles crossing the                   system. Although the cost recovery ratio on paratransit
    Tappan Zee Bridge to Westchester County.                               service is lower than the general fixed route services
                                                                           this is an important component of the services offered

                                                                  III-54
for the mobility of handicapped individuals who can not             These services achieve a high operating ratio, the
be transported on the fixed route system.                           highest observed in the STOA Program, because of the
                                                                    high demand in Rockland County for commuter
Rockland County also sponsors a series of “Pass                     services and an appropriate fare charged for the ride to
Through” Local and Private Transit Services for                     Manhattan. This is an important component of the
Statewide Mass Transportation Operating Assistance                  Rockland County Transportation System because of the
(STOA) funding that do not receive County financial                 efficiency of moving passengers and meeting the
support.                                                            demands of the commuters on a daily basis. These are
                                                                    efficient services that are run without local operating
Municipal Bus “Pass-Through” Systems: The pass                      assistance.
through public transit systems (“Municipal Pass
Throughs”) are operated by the towns of Clarkstown
and Spring Valley. The towns provide additional
financial support for these systems. The Spring Valley
Jitney and Clarkstown Mini Trans comprise 3.8 percent
of the passengers and 4.9 percent of the revenue vehicle
miles in proportion to the Grand Total Rockland
County Systems.

The Operating Ratio of these public transit systems was
5.1 percent for 2002 versus 6.5 percent for 2001. STOA
eligible revenue passengers decreased 12.8 percent
from 2001 to 2002. The decrease in the Operating
Ratio is attributable to the decrease in revenues of 14
percent while Operating expenses increased 9.4 percent.
There was a decrease in “efficiency” for the Muncipal
Pass throughs due to increasing operating costs that
corresponded with a decrease in revenue miles,
equating to a 16 percent increase in cost per mile. The
five year data shows STOA Eligible Revenue
Passengers decreasing at an annualized rate of 8.3
percent.

One of the factors for the decrease in STOA Eligible
passengers is that the Rockland County TOR Fixed
Route system took over the Monsey Shopper route from
the Spring Valley Jitney.

Commuter Bus: The “pass-through” Commuter Bus
services include, Rockland Coaches, Leisure Lines,
Monsey Trails and Kaser Bus. The first two of these are
part of Coach USA. These two operators and Monsey
run commuter services to Manhattan. Kaser runs service
from its named community to Kiamesha Lake, NY.

The private pass-through systems generate 51 percent
of the STOA eligible passengers and 66 percent of the
STOA eligible revenue vehicle miles of the Rockland
County system. Revenues increased 6.5 percent while
expenses increased 1.7 percent causing the Operating
Ratio of these pass-through systems improved to 85.2
percent. In 2001 the operating ratio was 81.4 percent.


                                                           III-55
FINANCIAL INFORMATION - ROCKLAND COUNTY TRANSIT - SYSTEM TOTAL

Sources of Total System 2002 Operating Funds                                                             Summary of Total System 2002 Operating Expenses

Fares                                                               $22,136,966                          Salaries                                           $13,356,869
Local                                                                $6,086,878                          Fringe                                              $4,891,432
State                                                               $10,684,868                          Ins                                                 $1,466,420
Federal                                                              $2,019,693                          Fuel                                                $1,842,249
Other                                                                $1,017,581                          Other                                              $16,809,118
Total                                                               $41,945,986                          Total                                              $38,366,088

                                                                                                                                      Rockland County
                                     Rockland County
                                                                                                                                     Operating Expenses
                              Operating Revenues & Subsidies

                             Other (2.43%)
                         Federal (4.81%)
                                                                                                                                                              Salaries (34.81%)
                 State (25.47%)                                                                              Other (43.81%)

                                                                Fares (52.77%)


                                                                                                                                                          Fringe (12.75%)
                      Local (14.51%)                                                                                     Fuel (4.80%)
                                                                                                                                                  Ins (3.82%)




Financial Trend Analysis over the past five years:                                                       Fleet Characteristics over the past five years:

                                        Rockland                                                                                   Rockland County
                              Operating Revenue and Subsidy                                                               Total, Peak and Accessible Vehicles

                 50                                                                                           300

                 40                                                                                           250
                                                                                                              200
      Millions




                 30
                                                                                                              150
                 20
                                                                                                              100
                 10
                                                                                                               50
                 0
                       1998       1999        2000       2001        2002                                       0
                                              Year                                                                     Total Fleet             Peak Fleet          Accessible

                 TOTAL GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES      TOTAL OPERATING REVENUE                                                      1998      1999       2000     2001       2002



Rockland County Transit - Total System - Operations and Performance Statistics

         Rockland                             1998                     1999                2000                 2001                       2002              % Change Annualized
         Operations                                                                                                                                           01 to 02 % Change

Rev. Passengers                                4,539,996               4,670,675           4,930,080                4,981,255               5,057,611                 1.53%            2.74%
Rev. Veh. Miles                                6,883,664               7,145,303           7,460,142                7,900,438               8,074,317                 2.20%            4.07%

Op. Cost                                   $33,451,339              $35,848,202          $38,228,218           $36,892,538               $38,366,088                  3.99%            3.49%
Op. Rev.                                   $20,687,263              $21,577,568          $23,116,973           $21,636,518               $23,098,674                  6.76%            2.79%

Rev. Pass/Rev. Mil                                      0.66                   0.65               0.66                   0.63                       0.63             -0.65%            -1.28%
Op. Cost/Rev. Mile                                     $4.86                  $5.02              $5.12                  $4.67                      $4.75              1.75%            -0.56%
Op. Rev./Op. Cost                                    61.84%                 60.19%             60.47%                 58.65%                     60.21%               2.66%            -0.67%

National CPI                                         163.00                 166.60             172.20                 177.10                      179.90              1.58%            2.50%
NYSMA CPI                                            173.60                 177.00             182.50                 187.10                      191.90              2.57%            2.54%

                  Rockland County                                                    Rockland County                                                    Rockland County
         Rev. Passenger per Rev. Vehicle Mile                               Operating Cost per Rev. Vehicle Mile                                 Operating Rev. to Operating Cost
                                                                       $10.00
3.5
                                                                        $9.00                                                             0.90
3.0                                                                     $8.00
                                                                        $7.00                                                             0.75
2.5
2.0                                                                     $6.00                                                             0.60
                                                                        $5.00                                                             0.45
1.5                                                                     $4.00
1.0                                                                     $3.00                                                             0.30

0.5                                                                     $2.00                                                             0.15
                                                                        $1.00                                                             0.00
0.0                                                                              1998   1999   2000   2001    2002                                 1998     1999     2000       2001   2002
            1998         1999     2000    2001        2002
                                                                                               Year                                                                  Year
                                  Year



                                                                                          III-56
Rockland County Transit - Operating and Performance Statistics by Mode - Fixed Route and Paratransit

Transport of Rockland                                             1998                    1999                   2000                          2001                           2002             % Change Annualized
     Fixed-Route                                                                                                                                                                                01 to 02 % Change
Rev. Passengers                                                  1,405,190             1,526,911               1,605,808            1,823,389                                1,815,434             -0.44%   6.61%
Rev. Veh. Miles                                                  1,039,973             1,125,027               1,129,461            1,248,375                                1,300,072              4.14%   5.74%
Op. Cost                                                        $4,802,692            $5,203,106              $5,279,031           $5,971,664                               $6,401,181              7.19%   7.45%
Op. Rev.                                                          $766,807              $826,731                $868,899           $1,185,344                               $1,296,960              9.42%  14.04%
Rev. Pass/Rev. Mile                                                   1.35                  1.36                    1.42                 1.46                                     1.40             -4.40%   0.83%
Op Cost/Rev. Mile                                                    $4.62                 $4.62                   $4.67                $4.78                                    $4.92              2.93%   1.61%
Op. Rev./Op. Cost                                                  15.97%                15.89%                  16.46%               19.85%                                   20.26%               2.07%   6.14%
                                                             Transport of Rockland                                                                                   Transport of Rockland
                                                              Revenue Passengers                                                                                     Revenue Vehicle Miles
                                                                                                                                               1,350
                                  2,050
                                                                                                                                               1,300
                                  1,900                                                                                                        1,250
                                  1,750                                                                                                        1,200
                      Thousands




                                                                                                                                   Thousands
                                  1,600                                                                                                        1,150
                                  1,450                                                                                                        1,100
                                                                                                                                               1,050
                                  1,300
                                                                                                                                               1,000
                                  1,150
                                                                                                                                                 950
                                  1,000                                                                                                          900
                                                      1998       1999       2000     2001      2002                                                            1998         1999      2000       2001        2002
                                                                            Year                                                                                                      Year



             Transport of Rockland                                                                         Transport of Rockland                                                                 Transport of Rockland
       Rev. Passenger per Rev. Vehicle Mile                                                          Operating Cost per Rev. Vehicle Mile                                                    Operating Rev. to Operating Cost
3.5
                                                                                            $10.00
                                                                                                                                                                                   0.90
3.0                                                                                          $9.00
2.5                                                                                          $8.00                                                                                 0.75

2.0                                                                                          $7.00                                                                                 0.60
                                                                                             $6.00
1.5                                                                                                                                                                                0.45
                                                                                             $5.00
1.0                                                                                          $4.00                                                                                 0.30
0.5                                                                                          $3.00                                                                                 0.15
0.0                                                                                          $2.00
                                                                                                                                                                                   0.00
       1998    1999                2000                2001       2002                       $1.00                                                                                           1998       1999        2000    2001    2002
                                   Year                                                                1998      1999     2000     2001                      2002                                                   Year
                                                                                                                          Year



        TRIPS                                                     1998                    1999                   2000                          2001                           2002             % Change Annualized
     Paratransit                                                                                                                                                                                01 to 02 % Change
Rev. Passengers                                                     48,809                50,027                  54,471               55,887                                   62,146            11.20%     6.23%
Rev. Veh. Miles                                                    293,803               322,337                 358,033              382,281                                  420,035              9.88%    9.35%
Op. Cost                                                          $955,125            $1,142,764              $1,486,256           $1,543,005                               $1,661,222              7.66%  14.84%
Op. Rev.                                                           $38,054               $36,166                 $41,943              $45,326                                  $57,803            27.53%   11.02%
Rev. Pass/Rev. Mile                                                   0.17                  0.16                    0.15                 0.15                                     0.15              1.20%   -2.85%
Op.Cost/Rev. Mile                                                    $3.25                 $3.55                   $4.15                $4.04                                    $3.95             -2.02%    5.02%
Op. Rev./Op. Cost                                                   3.98%                 3.16%                   2.82%                2.94%                                    3.48%             18.45%    -3.33%
                                                                  Rockland TRIPS                                                                                              Rockland TRIPS
                                                                 Revenue Passengers                                                                                         Revenue Vehicle Miles
                                                      70                                                                                                     600
                                                      65                                                                                                     550
                                                      60                                                                                                     500
                                                                                                                                                 Thousands




                                                                                                                                                             450
                                          Thousands




                                                      55
                                                      50                                                                                                     400
                                                      45                                                                                                     350
                                                      40                                                                                                     300
                                                      35                                                                                                     250
                                                      30                                                                                                     200
                                                              1998       1999      2000     2001       2002                                                          1998      1999       2000        2001      2002
                                                                                   Year                                                                                                   Year




               Rockland TRIPS                                                                                 Rockland TRIPS                                                                         Rockland TRIPS
      Rev. Passenger per Rev. Vehicle Mile                                                           Operating Cost per Rev. Vehicle Mile                                                    Operating Rev. to Operating Cost
3.5                                                                                            $10.00
                                                                                                $9.00                                                                                 0.90
3.0
                                                                                                $8.00                                                                                 0.75
2.5                                                                                             $7.00
2.0                                                                                                                                                                                   0.60
                                                                                                $6.00
1.5                                                                                             $5.00                                                                                 0.45

1.0                                                                                             $4.00                                                                                 0.30
                                                                                                $3.00
0.5                                                                                                                                                                                   0.15
                                                                                                $2.00
0.0                                                                                                                                                                                   0.00
        1998    1999               2000                2001          2002                       $1.00                                                                                          1998      1999        2000    2001    2002
                                                                                                          1998     1999     2000          2001                2002
                                   Year                                                                                     Year                                                                                     Year




                                                                                                              III-57
         Rockland County Transit - Operating and Performance Statistics by Mode - Tapanzee Express and Municpal Bus

                                                           1998            1999                   2000                       2001                       2002               % Change Annualized
         Tappanzee Express                                                                                                                                                  01 to 02 % Change
         Rev. Passengers                                250,385          253,533                    276,452    291,834    346,269                                             18.65%     8.44%
         Rev. Veh. Miles                                491,124          476,918                    475,676    603,907    670,865                                             11.09%     8.11%
         Op. Cost                                    $3,019,432       $3,056,029                 $3,164,994 $3,216,900 $3,607,044                                             12.13%     4.55%
         Op. Rev.                                      $204,153         $208,858                   $214,112   $252,088   $310,414                                             23.14%   11.04%
         Rev. Pass/Rev. Mile                               0.51             0.53                       0.58       0.48       0.52                                              6.81%     0.31%
         Op. Cost/Rev. Mile                               $6.15            $6.41                      $6.65      $5.33      $5.38                                              0.94%    -3.30%
         Op. Rev./Op. Cost                               6.76%            6.83%                      6.77%      7.84%      8.61%                                               9.82%     6.22%
                                                      Rockland Tappanzee Express                                                                Rockland Tappanzee Express
                                                          Revenue Passengers                                                                       Revenue Vehicle Miles
                                           400                                                                                         690
                                           380
                                                                                                                                       640
                                           360
                                           340                                                                                         590




                                                                                                                           Thousands
                               Thousands




                                           320                                                                                         540
                                           300                                                                                         490
                                           280                                                                                         440
                                           260                                                                                         390
                                           240                                                                                         340
                                           220
                                                                                                                                       290
                                           200                                                                                                 1998    1999         2000     2001     2002
                                                    1998     1999   2000       2001       2002
                                                                                                                                                                    Year
                                                                    Year


           Rockland Tappanzee Express                                              Rockland Tappanzee Express                                                           Rockland Tappanzee Express
        Rev. Passenger per Rev. Vehicle Mile                                    Operating Cost per Rev. Vehicle Mile                                                   Operating Rev. to Operating Cost
3.5                                                                    $11.00
3.0                                                                                                                                                          0.90
                                                                       $10.00
2.5                                                                     $9.00                                                                                0.75

2.0                                                                     $8.00                                                                                0.60
                                                                        $7.00                                                                                0.45
1.5
                                                                        $6.00                                                                                0.30
1.0
                                                                        $5.00
0.5                                                                                                                                                          0.15
                                                                        $4.00
0.0                                                                                                                                                          0.00
                                                                        $3.00                                                                                         1998     1999     2000     2001      2002
        1998    1999    2000                 2001     2002                         1998      1999    2000     2001                      2002
                        Year                                                                                                                                                            Year
                                                                                                     Year



              Rockland                                     1998            1999                   2000                       2001                       2002               % Change Annualized
           Municipal Bus                                                                                                                                                    01 to 02 % Change
         Rev. Passengers                                279,399          258,773                    258,375    226,314    197,435                                            -12.76%    -8.31%
         Rev. Veh. Miles                                489,541          461,345                    454,125    420,806    396,811                                             -5.70%    -5.11%
         Op. Cost                                    $1,414,820       $1,438,757                 $1,507,460 $1,509,543 $1,651,673                                              9.42%     3.95%
         Op. Rev.                                      $154,288         $155,919                   $109,989    $98,882    $84,964                                            -14.08%   -13.86%
         Rev. Pass/Rev. Mile                               0.57             0.56                       0.57       0.54       0.50                                             -7.49%    -3.37%
         Op.Cost/Rev. Mile                                $2.89            $3.12                      $3.32      $3.59      $4.16                                             16.03%     9.55%
         Op. Rev./Op. Cost                              10.91%           10.84%                      7.30%      6.55%      5.14%                                             -21.47%   -17.13%
                                                      Rockland Municipal Bus                                                                   Rockland Municipal Bus
                                                        Revenue Passengers                                                                      Revenue Vehicle Miles

                                             350                                                                           540
                                             325                                                                           520
                                             300                                                                           500
                                                                                                               Thousands
                                 Thousands




                                             275                                                                           480
                                             250                                                                           460
                                             225                                                                           440
                                             200                                                                           420
                                             175                                                                           400
                                             150                                                                           380
                                                    1998     1999   2000       2001       2002                                               1998     1999      2000         2001     2002
                                                                    Year                                                                                        Year



            Rockland Municipal Bus                                              Rockland Municipal Bus                                                            Rockland Municipal Bus
      Rev. Passenger per Rev. Vehicle Mile                                 Operating Cost per Rev. Vehicle Mile                                                Operating Rev. to Operating Cost
3.5                                                                   $10.00
3.0                                                                    $9.00                                                                            0.90
                                                                       $8.00                                                                            0.75
2.5
                                                                       $7.00
2.0                                                                                                                                                     0.60
                                                                       $6.00
1.5                                                                    $5.00                                                                            0.45
                                                                       $4.00                                                                            0.30
1.0
                                                                       $3.00
0.5                                                                                                                                                     0.15
                                                                       $2.00
0.0                                                                    $1.00                                                                            0.00
        1998    1999    2000               2001      2002                        1998      1999     2000    2001                 2002                               1998     1999     2000     2001     2002
                        Year                                                                        Year                                                                              Year




                                                                                                 III-58
      Rockland County Transit - Operating and Performance Statistics by Mode - Commuter Bus

       Commuter Bus          1998                                  1999                2000              2001                          2002         % Change Annualized
        Pass-Through                                                                                                                                 01 to 02  % Change
      Rev. Passengers       2,556,213                          2,581,431   2,734,974   2,583,831                                       2,636,327         2.03%     0.77%
      Rev. Veh. Miles       4,569,223                          4,759,676   5,042,847   5,245,069                                       5,286,534         0.79%     3.71%
      Op. Cost            $23,259,270                        $25,007,546 $26,790,477 $24,642,713                                     $25,053,681         1.67%     1.88%
      Op. Rev.            $19,523,961                        $20,349,894 $21,882,030 $20,054,878                                     $21,348,533         6.45%     2.26%
      Rev. Pass/Rev. Mile        0.56                               0.54        0.54        0.49                                            0.50         1.23%    -2.83%
      Op.Cost/Rev. Mile         $5.09                              $5.25       $5.31       $4.70                                           $4.74         0.87%    -1.77%
      Op. Rev./Op. Cost       83.94%                             81.38%      81.68%      81.38%                                          85.21%          4.70%     0.38%
                                                     Commuter Bus Pass-Through                                                       Commuter Bus Pass-Through
                                                        Revenue Passengers                                                              Revenue Vehicle Miles
                                             2,900                                                                           5,600
                                             2,825                                                                           5,400
                                             2,750                                                                           5,200




                                                                                                                 Thousands
                                 Thousands

                                             2,675                                                                           5,000
                                             2,600                                                                           4,800
                                             2,525                                                                           4,600
                                             2,450                                                                           4,400
                                                                                                                             4,200
                                             2,375
                                                                                                                             4,000
                                             2,300                                                                                   1998   1999   2000   2001    2002
                                                     1998   1999    2000      2001     2002                                                        Year
                                                                    Year


           Commuter Bus Pass-Through                                             Commuter Bus Pass-Through                                           Commuter Bus Pass-Through
        Rev. Passenger per Rev. Vehicle Mile                                  Operating Cost per Rev. Vehicle Mile                                  Operating Rev. to Operating Cost
3.5                                                                  $10.00
                                                                      $9.00                                                                 0.90
3.0
                                                                      $8.00                                                                 0.75
2.5
                                                                      $7.00
2.0                                                                                                                                         0.60
                                                                      $6.00
1.5                                                                   $5.00                                                                 0.45
1.0                                                                   $4.00                                                                 0.30
0.5                                                                   $3.00
                                                                                                                                            0.15
                                                                      $2.00
0.0
        1998    1999     2000       2001             2002             $1.00                                                                 0.00
                                                                                1998     1999    2000     2001               2002                  1998    1999     2000     2001      2002
                         Year
                                                                                                 Year                                                               Year




                                                                                       III-59

								
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