.44-40 Winchester

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					.44-40 Winchester
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The .44-40 Winchester, also known as the .44 Winchester, the .44
WCF (Winchester Center Fire), and the .44 Largo (in Spanish
speaking countries) was introduced in 1873 by the Winchester
Repeating Arms Company. It was the first centerfire metallic cartridge
offered by Winchester, and was brought out as the standard
chambering for the new Winchester Model 1873 rifle. [1][2] Both rifle
and cartridge soon became widely popular and ubiquitous, so much so
that the Winchester 1873 became known as "The gun that won the
Remington and Marlin soon released their own rifles and pistols which
chambered the round, and Colt also offered it as an alternative
chambering in its popular Single Action Army revolver in a model
known as the Colt Frontier Six-Shooter. Settlers, lawmen, and
cowboys appreciated the convenience of being able to carry a single                                  .44-40 Winchester cartridge

caliber of ammunition which they could fire in both pistol and rifle. In           Type                     Rifle/Pistol
both law enforcement and hunting usage the .44-40 became the most                  Place of origin                 United States
popular cartridge in the United States and to this day has the                                        Production history
reputation of killing more deer than any other save the .30-30
                                                                                   Designer                 Winchester Repeating Arms
Winchester.[4][5]                                                                                           Company
When the Union Metallic Cartridge Co. (U.M.C.) began selling the                   Designed                 1873
cartridge, it called its own version the .44-40 (shorthand for .44 caliber                               Specifications
and the standard load at the time of 40-grain (2.6 g) of blackpowder),             Parent case              .44 Henry
as it didn’t want to offer free advertising by mentioning the name of a
                                                                                   Case type                rimmed, bottlenecked
competitor. Unfortunately for Winchester, the name stuck and it threw
                                                                                   Bullet diameter          .427 in (10.8 mm)
in the towel by itself adopting the .44-40 designation for the round
                                                                                   Neck diameter            .443 in (11.3 mm)
after World War II.[1] Although according to Winchester's website, as
                                                                                   Shoulder diameter        .457 in (11.6 mm)
of January 2009, it is referred to as "44-40 Winchester".
                                                                                   Base diameter            .471 in (12.0 mm)
The initial standard load for the cartridge was 40 grains (2.6 g) of
                                                                             Rim diameter             .525 in (13.3 mm)
blackpowder propelling a 200-grain (13 g) bullet at approximately
                                                                             Case length              1.310 in (33.3 mm)
1,245 ft/s (379 m/s), but in 1886 U.M.C. also began offering a slightly
heavier 217-grain (14.1 g) bullet at 1,190 ft/s (360 m/s), also with 40      Primer type              Large pistol

grains (2.6 g) of blackpowder. Winchester soon began to carry the                               Ballistic performance
217-grain (14.1 g) loading as well, but in 1905 U.M.C. discontinued             Bullet weight/type          Velocity            Energy

the heavier load. In 1895 Winchester switched to a 17-grain (1.1 g)             200 gr (13 g) lead     1,245 ft/s (379 m/s) 688 ft·lbf (933 J)
loading of DuPont No. 2 Smokeless powder with the 200-grain (13 g)             217 gr (14.1 g) lead    1,190 ft/s (360 m/s) 682 ft·lbf (925 J)
bullet for 1,300 ft/s (400 m/s), and in 1896 U.M.C. followed suit with a       225 gr (14.6 g) lead     750 ft/s (230 m/s) 281 ft·lbf (381 J)
reintroduced 217-grain (14.1 g) bullet @ 1,235 ft/s (376 m/s) Soon
both companies were offering the cartridge with lead ‘Metal Patched’ (i.e. jacketed), and full metal case versions. In 1903
Winchester began offering a higher performance version of the loading called the W.H.V. (Winchester High Velocity), boasting
a velocity of 1,500 ft/s (460 m/s) with a 200-grain (13 g) jacketed bullet from a 24-inch (610 mm) barrel length, U.M.C. and
Peters Cartridge Company soon introduced equivalents. Over the years a number of different bullet weights and styles have
been offered, including 122, 140, 160,165, 166, 180 and 217-grain (14.1 g) in lead, soft and hollow point, full metal case, and
even blanks and shotshells. The most common current loading is a 200-grain (13 g) bullet @ 1,190 ft/s (360 m/s).[1]
By 1942 more modern cartridges had all but eclipsed the .44-40, but it regained some popularity in the 1950s and '60s when
Colt began once again to manufacture the Single Action Army and Frontier. [6] More recently the .44-40 has enjoyed a
resurgence due to the popularity of Cowboy action shooting, which inspired the introduction of a 225-grain (14.6 g) loading,
the heaviest factory bullet ever available for the cartridge. [1]

See also
   List of handgun cartridges
   List of rifle cartridges

   1. ^ a b c d "Two peas in a pod: Winchester's .44 WCF & Marlin/UMC's .44-40   "
      Leverguns Web site.                                                                      Wikimedia Commons has media
            ab                                                                                 related to: .44-40 Winchester
   2.   ^      "The .44-40 Winchester " Guns and Ammo Magazine Web site.
   3.   ^   Hawks, C. "The .44-40 Winchester " Chuck Hawks Web site.
   4.   ^   Hawks, C. "Early Metallic Cartridges " Chuck Hawks Web site.
   5.   ^   ".44-40 Winchester " Reloading Bench Web site.
   6.   ^   Taffin J. "Taffin Tests The .44-40 Winchester " Sixguns Web site

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