The Truth of the War Conspiracy of 1861 by dfhdhdhdhjr


									The Truth of the War Conspiracy
of 1861
                 In this presentation
                  you will be given the
                  true facts that led to
                  the war between the
                  states 1861-1865!
Powers of the President
   As outlined in the US Constitution
   Article. II.
   Section. 2.
   Clause 1: The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United
    States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United
    States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive
    Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have
    Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of
   Clause 2: He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties,
    provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the
    Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls,
    Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not
    herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law
    vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the
    Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.
   Clause 3: The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the
    Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next
   Section. 3.
   He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and
    recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may,
    on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement
    between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he
    shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that
    the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.
The Election of 1860
   Although William Seward was the
    pre-convention favorite for the
    Republican Presidential
    nomination in 1860, Lincoln won
    on the 3rd ballot. With Hannibal
    Hamlin as his running mate,
    Lincoln was elected the 16th
    President on November 6, 1860,
    defeating Stephen Douglas, John
    Bell, and John C. Breckinridge.
 Statement made March 4 in
    Lincoln’s inaugural address“ In
    your hands, my dissatisfied
    countrymen, and not in mine, is
    the momentous issue of civil
    war. ‘The Government will not
    assail you; you can have no
    conflict without yourselves
    being the aggressors”
Senator Stephen A. Douglas
 On March 15th 1861
  introduced a resolution in
  the US Senate to withdraw
  all US troops from Forts
  in the seceded states
  except Key West and
  Tortugus (were isolated and
  were international in scope) and
  Clearly Defined the limit
  of Presidential Powers!
 Also made a plea for
  Peace and Justice
Senator John C.Breckenridge
                 Introduced Similar
                  resolutions to that of
                  Stephen Douglas
                 Secretary of War for
                  President Jeff Davis
                 Was Appointed Major
                  General in 1862
Senator Clingham
                Introduced Similar
                   resolutions to that of
                   Stephen Douglas
Solemn Agreement                “ARMISTICE”
 Special Agreement              Both filed in the US war
  Existed at Charleston           and Navy departments by
 Entered into by the US          which the US agreed not
  Government and the State        to attempt to reinforce
  of South Carolina               Major Anderson (Fort
  Officials on December           Sumter), nor Fort Pickens
  6,1860; and a special          South Carolina,Florida
  agreement, armistice at         and Confederate
  Pensacola entered into by       Authorities agreed to
  the US and Florida              make no attack on them
  authorities on January 29th    while these solemn
  1861                            agreements were observed
US Navy Reports on the Armistice
 Captain Barron reports good faith being observed by
  both parties existing at Pensacola
 Captain Poor reported the the Powhaten attempted to
  force an entrance to Pensacola Harbor flying English
 Dispatches captured at Charleston which divulged
  that captain Fox acted the part of a spy and so
  deceived Governor Pickens
William H.Seward
               Appointed Secretary
                of State by Lincoln
               Gave untrue
                assurances to Judge
                Campbell that there
                were no plans to
                violate the armistice to
                Southern Delegation
Salmon P. Chase
 Appointed by Lincoln-
  Secretary of Treasury
 Lincoln’s Spokes person
 Was appointed to the
  Supreme Court as Chief
  Justice following the death
  of Justice Taney
 Made statement “Sumter
  will be supplied peaceably
  if allowed”
Confederate Peace Commission
 The South went in peace openly March 12,1861
 Was assured by Seward and Lincoln that Sumter
  was to be evacuated March 15,1861
 Was waiting in Washington to divert war and
  presented their request for Federal forces to
  evacuate the southern territory.
 Was involved in Peace talks with Judge
 Lincoln drafted war order-in secret
Judge Campbell
 Selected by Secretary
  Seward to serve as
  intermediary between
 Assured the
  commissioners that there
  was no intent to reinforce
  Sumter. This assurance
  was repeated on March
US Supreme Court Judge Nelson
                Was involved with
                 Judge Campbell in
                 negotiations with the
January 1861 Florida
 Timeline of Early 1861 (6)
  Jan. 6 – State troops seize the Arsenal at Apalachicola
  Jan. 7 – State troops seize Fort Marion at St. Augustine
  Jan. 8 – Lt. Slemmer's troops repel insurgents from Fort
  Jan. 10 – Florida passes its Ordinance of Secession; Lt.
  Adam Slemmer transfers Union troops from Barrancas
  Barracks to Fort Pickens
  Jan. 12 – State troops seize the Pensacola Navy Yard,
  Fort Barrancas, Fort McRee, and Barrancas Barracks.
  Confederate officials demand the surrender of Fort
  Jan. 14 – U.S. forces garrison Fort Taylor
  Jan. 18 – Confederate officials again demand the
  surrender of Fort Pickens
  Jan. 18 – Union troops garrison Fort Jefferson in the Dry
General Braxton Bragg
 Brigadier General, CSA
  (March 7, 1861);
  commanding Pensacola,
  Florida (March 11 -
  October 29, 1861); major
  general, CSA (September
  12, 1861); commanding
  Department of Alabama
  and West Florida (October
  14, 1861 February 28,
  1862); also commanding
  Army of Pensacola
  (October 29 - December
  22, 1861; later
  commanded the west
Fort Pickens-Pensacola Florida
 Fort Pickens was designed
  by the French military
  engineer Simon Bernard,
  who had been hired by the
  United States as a
  consultant. In 1816 he was
  appointed to the board of
  engineers which was
  placed in charge of
  fortification. Although
  influenced by the French
  school of design, the
  unique considerations of
  harbor defense made U.S.
  coastal fortification
  uniquely American.
Admiral Semmes CSN
 Was captured at the
  mouth of the
  Mississippi river by
  federal authorities and
  were referred to as
  pirates and were being
  threatened with
  execution. They were
  spared only because
  major Vogdes was
Lincoln’s Attack on Virginia Convention
   Met February 13th 1861
   It voted down several secession resolutions 3 to 1 it was for Constitutional Union
   Remained in session waiting on Lincoln to put into actual practice his peace and union intent and
   But Convention remained on guard ready to protect Virginia from any unconstitutional acts
   Lincoln attempts to have it dissolved
   April 2nd (same day he approved secret act of war to reinforce Fort Pickens) he and Seward select
    confidential union messenger a constitutional and Virginian Allen B Macgruder at time Judge
    Advocate of US Naval Court Martial
   Was sent to find in Richmond Judge G.W.Summers and urge him to come to Washington by the next
    Friday and confer with Lincoln on matters of great importance if he could not make it to select
    another pro-union man (Summers was unable to leave)
   John B Baldwin was selected and was in secret conference with Lincoln on April 4 th
   Baldwin urged Lincoln to call a conference with the states and to issue a peaceful union proclamation
    giving official assurance of what Lincoln had so broadly preached of “yearning for peace
   Lincoln Stated “I fear you are too late” Lincoln knew he had four expeditions moving
   Lincoln appealed to Baldwin “Why don’t you adjourn the convention?” Baldwin refused
   Lincoln was afraid of that Convention
   Baldwin warned Lincoln that if a gun is fired Virginia will secede in 48 hours
   Baldwin received no assurance from Lincoln whose object was to adjourn the Convention
   As Baldwin left he met seven Governors waiting in Lincoln’s rooms who Lincoln claimed urged him
    to use force
   They Voted to secede 88 to 55 within 48 hours just as Baldwin warned both men Summers and
    Baldwin voting for secession
Winfield Scott
 No man believes that
  General Scott ordered
  Captain Vogdes to commit
  an act of war without the
  order or approval of the
  commander in Chief
  Abraham Lincoln
 He was known to have
  opposed war
 Advised against it
 Made public statement
  to“Let the wayward sisters
  go in peace”
The Beginning of War
 8 days after the inauguration of Lincoln with his
    approval and the same day clearly demonstrated his
    intent and purpose to bring on war.
   Lincoln ordered Vogue and armed men on the USS
    Brooklyn to occupy Fort Pickens knowing full well of
    the armistice!
   They were stopped by the ‘armistice’
   Order given by Lincoln to violate armistice issued as
    soon as he became Commander in chief.
   It is well known that General Scott was opposed to war;
    but he obeyed the commander in Chief Abraham Lincoln
Major Vogdes
 On or about July 1st 1861 was captured at Fort Pickens
   (near Pensacola Florida) by the 5th Georgia CSA under
   the command of Captain S.W. Mangham. Was made
   Confederate Prisoner of war designated by the
   Confederate War Department to suffer the same fate as
   the federals threatened to execute on the officers and
   men of Admiral Semmes command.
Statement made 20 years after the war at Fort Adams,Rhode
   Island he remembered the incident and discussed it.
Vogdes stated “he had reinforced Fort Pickens before Fort
   Sumter was attacked; but that his act was overshadowed
   by the clamor and furor about Fort Sumter” Vogdes was
   sent by Lincoln’s orders.
                THE FIRST ACT OF WAR!
Official Order to Reinforce Fort
Pickens Florida
                  Notice date January
                  Lincoln had not even
                   been inaugurated yet
 Clearly Requests Copy of Presidents
 Orders to Re-enforce Fort Pickens
 Addresses instructions to
  DD Porter (Naval Officer)
  to re-enforce Fort Pickens
  and for other officers to
  assist him
 1st Act of War Revealed
 Exposes President as
  Author of orders
 Official Orders unable to
  be located
Executive Revealed As Author
 Reinforces the notion
  that the war was
  organized and initiated
  at the White House
 Denotes the fact that
  the war was an
  Executive Act and no
  copies of the plans
 Reveals no one knew
  of it except those
  engaged therein
Major Vogdes pictured with
Official Record of Civil War
An Act of War

 The Secrecy Emphasizes the Treachery
 Had secret orders been obeyed or other
  like orders not miscarried, war would
  have been openly inaugurated at a point
  500 miles from Fort Sumter, long before
  Fort Sumter was fired on. The first open
  clash was an accident caused by a misfit
  in Lincoln’s schemes to force war at any
  risk or cost
The Secret Messenger
 Lieutenant J.L. Worden USN was sent by rail via Richmond, Augusta,
    Atlanta opened the dispatches and committed them to memory and
    then destroyed them (An Act of A Spy)
   Arrived in Pensacola on April 10th midnight
   On the 11th of April was met by Bragg and assured General Brag he
    only had a specific verbal message for Captain Adams
   Worden was allowed to proceed under assurance of the existing
   The message delivered
   His action became suspicious and he was followed and later arrested
    in Montgomery. By some means he escaped a spy’s fate and became a
    prisoner of war. He escaped by making a statement to L.P.Walker
    Confederate States Secretary of War on April 16th,1861
John L. Worden U.S Navy
                  As the secession crisis moved toward
                   civil war in early 1861, Lieutenant
                   Worden was sent to Pensacola with
                   secret instructions for the local Naval
                   commander. While returning to
                   Washington, D.C., by rail he was
                   arrested by Southern authorities and
                   held as a prisoner of war for several
                   months, an experience that badly
                   damaged his health. In February 1862,
                   upon resuming active duty, he was
                   given command of the revolutionary
                   ironclad Monitor and took her into a
                   historic battle with CSS Virginia on 9
                   March 1862. Receiving serious eye
                   injuries in the action, he had to
                   relinquish command. However, this
                   battle made him a major war hero in the
    Gideon Welles Secretary of Navy
   Captain H. A. Adams's report of the re-enforcing of Fort Pickens, April 14.
   Off Pensacola, April 14, 1861.
   SIR: I have the honor to inform you that immediately on the receipt
    of your order by Lieutenant Worden, on the 12th instant, I prepared
    to re-enforce Fort Pickens. It was successfully performed, on the
    same night, by landing the troops under Captain Vogdes, and the
    marines of the squadron under Lieutenant Cash. No opposition was
    made, nor do I believe the movement was known on shore until it
    was accomplished.
   A strong party of officers and seamen were sent to assist in case of
    resistance, who afterwards returned to their ships. The marines
    remained in the fort at the request of Captain Vogdes, a copy of
    which I enclose. The whole expedition was under the charge of
    Commander Charles H. Poor, assisted by Lieutenant Smith, of the
    Brooklyn, Lieutenants Lewis and Newman, of the Sabine, and
    Lieutenant Belknap, of the St. Louis; and it is highly creditable to
    these officers that this service was performed without accident or
    disorder under unfavorable circumstances. The Brooklyn, Captain
    Walker, and the Wyandotte, Lieutenant Commanding Mullany, were
    very skillfully managed. They carried the landing party to the
    designated spot with accuracy, in spite of the darkness of the night,
    and not having the lighthouse to guide them, the light having been
    extinguished early in the evening.
   Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
   H. A. ADAMS,
   Captain, Senior Officer present
   Secretary of the Navy, Washington.
Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus
                                                Lincoln's Suspension of the Writ of Habeas Corpus
                                                         Relating to the Events in Baltimore
                                                                                                                HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
                                                                                                                         Washington, April 27, 1861.
   The undersigned, General-in-Chief of the Army, has received from the President of the United States the following communication:
   You are engaged in repressing an insurrection against the laws of the United States. If at any point on or in the vicinity of the military line
    which is now used between the city of Philadelphia via Perryville, Annapolis City and Annapolis Junction you find resistance which renders
    it necessary to suspend the writ of habeas corpus for the public safety, you personally or through the officer in command at the point where
    resistance occurs are authorized to suspend that writ.
                                                                                                                            ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
   In accordance with the foregoing warrant the undersigned devolves on Major-General Patterson, commanding the Department of
    Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland; Brigadier-General Butler, commanding the Department of Annapolis, and Colonel Mansfield,
    commanding the Washington Department, a like authority each within the limits of his command to execute in all proper cases the
    instructions of the President.
                                                                                                                                WINFIELD SCOTT.
                                                  Lincoln's Suspension of the Writ of Habeas Corpus
                                                            Relating to the Events in Missouri
                                                                                                                        Maj. Gen. H. W. HALLECK,
                                                                                                         Commanding in the Department of Missouri:
         GENERAL: AS an insurrection exists in the United States and is in arms in the State of Missouri, you are hereby authorized and
    empowered to suspend the writ of habeas corpus within the limits of the military division under your command, and to exercise martial law
    as you find it necessary, in your discretion, to secure the public safety and the authority of the United States.
          In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed, at Washington, this second day of
    December, A.D. 1861.
                                                                                                                            ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
                                                                                                                                    By the President:
                                                                                                                           WILLIAM H. SEWARD,
                                                                                                                                    Secretary of State.

   Source: "Official Records of the War of the Rebellion
Chief Justice Roger B. Taney
(US Supreme Court) 1777-1864

 Heard case of Maryland Citizen
    who was arrested and
    imprisoned in a military
   Orders parties to appear before
   Military Officer refused to
    supply the court with a copy of
    the order of arrest and refused
    to obey the writ
   Excuse was it was authorized
    by the President to suspend the
    writ of Habeas Corpus at his
   Rendered the decision
   Pronounced Every phase of act
    Unconstitutional Null and Void
               In a letter dated March 1,1861
                G.V. Fox writes to
Fort Sumter     Montgomery Blair that the
                object of his plans was to
                reinforce Fort Sumter. In Fox’s
                statement in 1865 he says on
                February 6th he met with Lt.
                Norman J. Hall who had been
                sent by Major Anderson. This
                can only mean that Anderson
                was in collusion with Fox, Hall,
                Blair, Lincoln and others to
                reinforce Sumter and inaugurate
               Anderson was now scheming
                with Fox, Hall, Blair, Lincoln
                on a plan to reinforce Sumter
               They knew it meant “War” and
                not one word, not an act in their
                ‘plans’ could be twisted into a
                yearning for peace and union
        Operations in Charlston, S.C.
 January 5, 1861-First expedition for the relief
    of Fort Sumter sails from New York Harbor.
 April 11, 1861-Surrender of Fort Sumter
  demanded of Major Anderson by the governor
  of South Carolina and refused.*
 April 10, 1861-Second expedition for the relief
  of Fort Sumter sails from New York Harbor.
 April 11, 1861-Evacuations of fort Sumter
  demanded by General Beauregard.
Operations at Fort Sumpter 2
   January 13, 1861.
   COLONEL: Pursuant to instructions, dated Headquarters of the Army, January 5,
    1861, I embarked on the evening of Saturday, 5th instant, from Governor's Island,
    at 6 o'clock p.m., on a steam-tug, which transferred us to the steamer Star of the
   My command consisted of two hundred men, recruits from the depot, fifty of whom
    were of the permanent party. My officers were First Lieutenant W. A. Webb, Fifth
    Infantry; Second Lieutenant C. W. Thomas, First Infantry, and Assist. Surg. P. G.
    S. Ten Broeck, Medical Department.
   On Tuesday afternoon, 8th instant, arms and ammunition were issued to all the
    men. About midnight same evening we arrived off Charleston Harbor, and
    remained groping in the dark until nearly day, when we discovered the light on
    Fort Sumter, which told us where we were. The other coast light marking the
    approaches to the harbor had been extinguished, and the outer buoy marking the
    channel across the bar gone.
   During the night we saw what we supposed to be the light of a steamer cruising off
    the harbor, but she did not discover us, as our lights were all out. Just before day
    we discovered a steamer lying off the main ship channel. As soon as they made us
    out they burned one blue light and two red lights, and, receiving no response from
    us, immediately
Numbers 5. Report of Captain G. V. Fox, U. S.
agent, of second expedition for the relief of Fort
   New York, April 19, 1861.
   SIR: I sailed from New York in this vessel Tuesday morning, the 10th instant, having dispatched one steam-tug, the Uncle Ben, the evening
    previous to rendezvous off Charleston. The Yankee, another chartered tug, followed us to the Hook, and I left instructions to send on the
    Freeborn .
   We arrived off Charleston the 12th instant, at 3 a.m., and found only the Harriet Lane. Weather during the whole time a gale. At 7 a.m. the
    Pawnee arrived, and, according to his orders, Captain Rowan anchored twelve miles east of the light, to await the arrival of the Powhatan. I
    stood in with the Baltic to execute my orders by offering, in the first place, to carry provisions to Fort Sumter. Nearing the bar it was observed
    that was had commenced, and, therefore, the peaceful offer of provisions was void.
   The Pawnee and Lane immediately anchored close to the bar, notwithstanding the heavy sea, and though neither tugs or Powhatan or
    Pocahontas had arrived, it was believed a couple of boats of provisions might be got in. The attempt was to be made in the morning, because
    the heavy sea and absence of the Powhatan's gunboats crippled the night movement. All night and the morning of the 13th instant it blew
    strong, with a heavy sea. The Baltie stood off and on, looking for the Powhatan, and in running in during the thick weather struck on
    Rattlesnake Shoal, but soon got off. The heavy sea, and not having the sailors (three hundred) asked for, rendered any attempt from the Baltic
    absurd. I only felt anxious to get in a few days' provisions to last the fort until the Powhatan's arrival. The Pawnee and Lane were both short
    of men, and were only intended to afford a base of operations whilst the tugs and three hundred sailors fought their way in.
   However, the Powhatan and tugs not coming, Captain Rowan seized an ice schooner and offered her to me, which I accepted, and Lieutenant
    Hudson, of the Army, several Navy officers, and plenty of volunteers agreed to man the vessel, and go in with me the night of the 13th. The
    events of that day, so glorious to Major Anderson and his command, are known to you. As I anticipated the guns from Sumter dispersed their
    naval preparations excepting small guard-boats, so that with the Powhatan a re-enforcement would have been easy. The Government did not
    anticipate that the fort was so badly constructed as the event has shown.
   I learned on the 13th instant that the Powhatan was withdrawn from duty off Charleston on the 7th instant, yet I was permitted to
    sail on the 9th, the Pawnee on the 9th, and the Pocahontas on the 10th, without intimation that the main portion-the fighting portion-
    of our expedition was taken away. In justice to itself as well as an acknowledgment of my earnest efforts, I trust the Government has
    sufficient reasons for putting me in the position they have placed me.
   I have the honor to be, your obedient servant,
   G. V. FOX.
   The Baltic has been chartered for one month.
   Honorable SIMON CAMERON,
   Secretary of War, Washington.

ARMY, C. S. A., Charleston, S. C., April 1, 1861. Begs for Reason and Peace!

   SIR: The Government of the Confederate States has hitherto forborne from any
    hostile demonstration against Fort Sumter, in the hope that the Government of the
    United States, with a view to the amicable adjustment of all questions between the
    two Government, and to avert the calamities of war, would voluntarily evacuate it.
   There was reason at one time to believe that such would be the course pursued by
    the Government of the United States, and under that impression my Government
    has refrained from making any demand for the surrender of the fort. But the
    Confederate States can no longer delay assuming actual possession of a fortification
    commanding the entrance of one of their harbors, and necessary to its defense and
   I am ordered by the Government of the Confederate States to demand the
    evacuation of Fort Sumter. My aides, Colonel Chesnut and Captain Lee, are
    authorized to make such demand of you. All proper facilities will be afforded for
    the removal of yourself and command, together with company arms and property
    and all private property, to any post in the United States which you may select. The
    flag which you have upheld so long as with so much fortitude, under the most
    trying circumstances, may be saluted by you on taking it down.
   Colonel Chesnut and Captain Lee will, for a reasonable time, await your answer.
   I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
   Brigadier-General, Commanding.
Official Record - Order to
Reinforce Fort Sumter
                  This Official Record
                   Outlines the plan to
                   Reinforce Sumter
                  Asks Anderson to hold
                   out until arrival of the
                  Capt. Fox revealed as
                   leader of expedition
                   authored by War Dept.
                   Washington DC
Senate Adjourns March 28th 1861

 Without action on either resolution
 Does any one believe that the Senate would have
  adjourned if they had any suspicion of Lincoln’s
  secret acts of treachery?
 The Senate was deceived by the hierocracy of the
  conspirators led by Lincoln and Seward
 The crucial period in which the
  premeditated schemes took place was
  from March 4,1961 to July 4, 1861
Lincoln Convenes Congress July 4,1861
 Months after Lincoln had the war actively inaugurated
 July 10th joint resolution introduced legalizing war
 Lincoln called for 75,000 men on April 15th 1861
 Lincoln proclaims blockade April 19th 1861
 Lincoln proclaims second blockade April 27th 1861
 Authorizes military officer to suspend habeas corpus in Maryland and
   Pennsylvania April 27th 1861
 Lincoln called for 35,000 volunteers May 3rd 1861
 Be it resolved that the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
   States in Congress assembled; that all the extra ordinary acts, proclamations
   and orders hereinbefore mentioned be and the same are hereby approved and
   declared to be in all respects legal and valid, to the same and with the same
   affect as if they had been issued and done under the previous express authority
   and direction of the Congress of The United States
 In this clause congress itself brads Lincoln’s acts illegal, invalid and
Note: Lincoln raised an Army in 10 days why did he wait months to Convene
Chronological Order of Events
 January 29- captain Vogdes
  arrives in Florida and is stopped        April 12th lt. J.L. Worden officially
  by armistice and remained there           delivers verbally from memory his
 April 1st captain Adams averts            secret orders then leaves Florida
  war by refusing to follow                 after delivering Lincoln’s secret
  Winfield Scott's order to                 order to reinforce fort Pickens
  reinforce Pickens                        Ship log reveals reinforcements
                                            sent before order due to Vogdes
 Order issued March 12,1861 to             impatience
  inaugurate war was the “Wish
                                           April 14th Bragg reports his
  and Intention of the US                   suspicions about Worden
  Government to begin war!
                                           April 12,1861 Fort Sumter fired
 March 14,1861 Intelligence is             upon
  sent throughout the country that
                                           Neither Fort Sumter nor Fort
  Fort Sumter is to be evacuated.
                                            Pickens knew of the events that
 April 11th lt. J.L. Worden arrives to
  deliver secret order to violate
                                            had occurred at the other as
  armistice                                 they were 500 miles apart.
 April 11th at 9PM started landing        A week passed before the
  troops to reinforce fort Pickens          events at either became known
In Summary
 Lincoln ordered two expeditions to
  reinforce fort Pickens, Vogdes and Brown
 V. Fox expedition to to reinforce fort
 April 1st 1861 Seward assured judge
  Campbell there was no plan to change the
  current standing and if so he would have
Lincoln Addresses Congress 1864
“I simply mean to say that the war will cease, on
  the part of the government whenever it shall
  cease on the part of those who began it”
 No document exists         Had Lincoln died a natural
  showing Lincoln             death that cunning which
                              was genius would have
  entertained peace           destroyed the evidence of
 No authority showing        his secret, private
  Lincoln entertained for     treacherous acts of war
  peace                       which he covered by
                              complaining of his soul
 Facts and his actions       being burdened and his
  prove his words were        heart yearning for peace
  utterly false and           and union while he
  intended to deceive         secretly, viciously
  and mislead                 remorselessly inaugurated
                              war against the south!
Drudge Report column
   A president who breaks the law is a threat to the very structure of our
   government. Our Founding Fathers were adamant that they had established a
   government of laws and not men. Indeed, they recognized that the structure
   of government they had enshrined in our Constitution - our system of checks
   and balances - was designed with a central purpose of ensuring that it would
   govern through the rule of law. As John Adams said: "The executive shall
   never exercise the legislative and judicial powers, or either of them, to
   the end that it may be a government of laws and not of men."
   An executive who arrogates to himself the power to ignore the legitimate
   legislative directives of the Congress or to act free of the check of the
   judiciary becomes the central threat that the Founders sought to nullify in
   the Constitution - an all-powerful executive too reminiscent of the King
   from whom they had broken free. In the words of James Madison, "the
   accumulation of all powers, legislative, executive, and judiciary, in the
   same hands, whether of one, a few, or many, and whether hereditary,
   self-appointed, or elective, may justly be pronounced the very definition of
   Tyranny.

   Once violated, the rule of law is in danger. Unless stopped, lawlessness
   grows. The greater the power of the executive grows, the more difficult it
   becomes for the other branches to perform their constitutional roles. As the
   executive acts outside its constitutionally prescribed role and is able to
   control access to information that would expose its actions, it becomes
   increasingly difficult for the other branches to police it. Once that
   ability is lost, democracy itself is threatened and we become a government
   of men and not laws.

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