THE ROLE AND USE OF MILITARY HISTORY

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					THE ROLE AND USE OF
  MILITARY HISTORY
Integrate Historical Awareness and
 Critical Thinking Skills Derived from
Military History Methodologies into
 the Training and Education of Self
     And Subordinate Leaders
 What is Military History?
The record of all activities of all
 armed forces (including armies,
 navies, and air forces) in war and
 peace.
WHY DO YOU STUDY
MILITARY HISTORY?
HOW DO YOU STUDY
MILITARY HISTORY?
 VERY CAREFULLY AND
    METHODICALLY
    Activities Included in the Study of
             Military History

 Battles   &                 Logistics

  Campaigns                   Military   & Society
 Strategy   & Tactics        Weapons     &
 Doctrine      & Training     Technology

 Organizations               Military   Leaders
STUDY CAUSE AND
    EFFECT
TO DIRECT AND CONTROL
     FUTURE EVENTS
STUDY: IN WIDTH

OBSERVE EVENTS OVER A
 LONG PERIOD OF TIME TO
    OBSERVE CHANGE
 STUDY: IN DEPTH

STUDY IN ENOUGH DETAIL TO
      GET BEHIND ANY
     GENERALIZATIONS
          Using Military History

 Learn from past         Broaden   knowledge
  experience               of military subjects
 Understand military     Understand
  concepts                 leadership issues
 Study lives of          Learn about strategy
  soldiers in the past     & tactics
 Understand
  doctrinal evolution
STUDY: IN CONTEXT

ARMIES REFLECT BOTH THEIR
  ERA AND THEIR SOCIETY
  “I am convinced that much
  more emphasis should be
     placed on history. The
 purpose of history is to learn
how human beings react when
   exposed to the danger of
      wounds or death...”
General George S. Patton, Jr.
   “Nothing is done in war,
except by calculation. Every
     enterprise should be
  conducted according to a
 system. Chance alone can
    never bring success.”
          Napoleon
“A man’s greatest pleasure is to defeat
his enemies, to drive them before him,
  to take from them that which they
 possessed, to see those whom they
cherished in tears, to ride their horses,
  to hold their wives. I forbid you to
  show mercy to my enemies. Leave
nothing but uninhabited ruins, neither
            a cat nor a dog.”
                 Genghis Khan
HISTORY SHARPENS
    JUDGMENT
  Critical Thinking Skills-
Based on Study of Operational
       Military History
HISTORY IMPROVES
   PERCEPTION
   Critical Thinking Skills-
Based on Study of Institutional
        Military History
HISTORY BROADENS
   PERSPECTIVES
   Critical Thinking Skills-
Based on Study of Biographical
        Military History
     Misusing Military History

 History   provides understanding, not
 proof.

 History   provides insight, not analogy.
         METHODOLOGIES

 The   Ten Threads of Continuity.



 Battle   Analysis.
TEN THREADS OF
  CONTINUITY
  19TH CENTURY
 OUR ONLY VERIFIED DATA ON
COMBAT COMES FROM HISTORY.
  TIDY SOLUTIONS TO
 BATTLE ON COMPUTER
    PRINTOUTS IS A
DELUSION- HISTORICALLY
 ALL WARS WERE VERY
        UNTIDY.
   MILITARY HISTORY
 PROVIDES THE ARMY’S
INSTITUTIONAL MEMORY.
  MILITARY HISTORY
 PROVIDES A GUIDE TO
HOW TROOPS BEHAVE IN
       BATTLE.
THE PRINCIPLES OF WAR
 PROVIDE A SENSE OF
      DIRECTION.
   MILITARY HISTORY
REVEALS THE PATTERNS,
TRENDS & RELATIONSHIPS
  NECESSARY FOR THE
   DEVELOPMENT OF
       DOCTRINE.
DOCTRINE PROVIDES THE
 BRIDGE BETWEEN THE
CONCEPT OR THEORY AND
  THE APPLICATION OF
    THAT THEORY.
 THE ROLE OF MILITARY
HISTORY IS TO PROVIDE A
 METHOD TO LOOK BACK
   IN ORDER TO LOOK
        AHEAD.
 BATTLE
ANALYSIS
                       TASK
Integrate Historical Awareness and Critical Thinking
 Skills Derived from Military History Methodologies
     into the Training and Education of Self and
                Subordinate Leaders.


    TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE

     Apply knowledge of military history and battle
    analysis to the professional development of self and
                    subordinate leaders.
BATTLE ANALYSIS
                   Role and Use

 LTG George S. Patton, Jr.:

“To be a successful soldier,
 you must know history.”
                                        Role and Use


            Using Military History
   Learn from past              Broaden knowledge of
    experience                    military subjects
   Understand military          Understand leadership
    concepts                      issues
   Study lives of soldiers
    in the past                  Learn about strategy &
                                  tactics
   Understand doctrinal
    evolution
             Basic Battle Analysis




Military History and the
   Conduct of Battle
                   Basic Battle Analysis



  What is Battle Analysis?

A method used by the U.S. Army
to provide a systematic approach to
the study of battles, campaigns,
and other operations.
                   Basic Battle Analysis



      Battle Analysis Steps
Define  the subject.
Set the stage.
Describe the action.
Draw lessons and insights.
               Basic Battle Analysis




     Battle Analysis:
Step 1 -- Define the Subject
                        Basic Battle Analysis

              Battle Analysis:
         Step 1--Define the Subject
         (what, where, when, who)
 Pick a subject appropriate to the level of
  operations of interest.
 Select a topic related to the types of
  lessons desired.
                        Basic Battle Analysis

            Battle Analysis:
       Step 1--Define the Subject
          (determine sources)
 Quantity   and type of sources (books,
  articles, and other).
 Quality of sources (content, bias, and
  intent).
             BATTLE ANALYSIS
                   METHODOLOGY

                        STEP I
EVALUATE THE HISTORICAL RESOURCES
   Determine the research sources




      Evaluate the research sources
            Basic Battle Analysis




  Battle Analysis:
Step 2 -- Set the Stage
                           Basic Battle Analysis

              Battle Analysis:
           Step 2--Set the Stage--
              Strategic Factors
 Type  of conflict.
 Objectives of the principal antagonists.
 Military systems.
 Previous experience of forces.
                           Basic Battle Analysis

               Battle Analysis:
            Step 2--Set the Stage--
             Operational Setting
 Context
 Objectives
 Additionalfactors (alliances, tactics, doctrine,
  and personalities)
                       Basic Battle Analysis

             Battle Analysis:
          Step 2--Set the Stage--
            Tactical Situation
 Alternatives
 Area of Operations
 Weather
 Terrain
                          Basic Battle Analysis

                Battle Analysis:
             Step 2--Set the Stage--
                Compare Forces
•Size & composition      •Intelligence
•Technology              •Doctrine & training
•Logistics               •Condition & morale
•C3                      •Leadership
                            Basic Battle Analysis


            Battle Analysis:
      Step 3--Describe the Action

 State missions of opposing forces
 Describe initial disposition of forces
 Describe opening moves
 Detail major phases
 State outcome
                       Basic Battle Analysis

            Battle Analysis:
    Step 4--Draw Lessons & Insights

 Why   did events turn out the way they
  did?
 What is relevant about this study to
  current operations?
                      Basic Battle Analysis


           Battle Analysis:
  Step 4--Draw Lessons & Insights--
           Cause & Effect

 Who   won? Who lost?
 What were the constants that affected
 the outcome?
                         Basic Battle Analysis


          Battle Analysis:
 Step 4--Draw Lessons & Insights--
          Military Lessons

 Principles    of War
 Tenets   of Airland Operations
 Battlefield   Operating Systems
          Principles of War
 Objective               Unity of Command
 Offensive               Surprise
 Mass                    Security
 Economy     of Force    Simplicity
 Maneuver
 Dynamics of Combat Power
 MANEUVER
 FIREPOWER
 PROTECTION
 LEADERSHIP
 INFORMATION

				
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posted:9/8/2012
language:English
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