The passive voice

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The passive voice Powered By Docstoc
					     The passive voice
  The Passive is not a tense. You will
find it easier to understand the passive
 if you already know the basic English
                verb tenses.
     Present Simple Passive (1)
You can have passive verbs in all the different tenses. We will start with
the present simple. Here is an active verb in the present simple:

Everybody loves English weather.


Now let’s change it to the passive voice:

   English weather    is loved    by everybody.


 To make the passivemake passive If you need to mention
                    To use the passive,
‘is loved’ is present simplethe verb (because ‘is’ is in the present
  ‘to BE’
simple). in the same tense as the or is doing the action,
                     use the 3rd form who
                                         use
  original sentence – here it is the of the ‘by’ to introduce it.
                    past participle
                         main
        present simple tense verb.
    Present Simple Passive (2)
Take a look at some more sentences in the present simple passive.



English teachers are loved by everybody.

You don’t have to agree with that statement! You’re thinking ‘Some people
         The verb ‘to be’ is plural in
don’t love English teachers!’ So let’s make that passive!
         this sentence to agree with
                  ‘teachers’.
 English teachers are not loved by everybody.


   Make the verb ‘to BE’             ‘by …’ may not be
 negative in the usual way.         necessary. If it’s not
                                   important, leave it out.
    Present Continuous Passive
 Let’s look at how the passive works in other tenses. Here is a sentence in
 the present continuous:
 They are building a house next door.


 Now let’s change it to the passive voice:

   A house    is being   built   next door   (by them)


                   ‘to BE’ in the     ‘by
We don’t often use To make the passive, them’ doesn’t tell us
present continuous tense so3rd form or
                    use the this     much (who are they?) so
                  past participle of the
     may look unfamiliar!                  leave it out.
                        main verb.
              Past Simple Passive
  Here is a sentence in the past simple:
  Someone stole a million pounds from the bank.



  Now let’s change it to the passive voice:

  A million pounds was     stolen from the bank    (by someone)


                      To make the passive, someone’ doesn’t tell
‘to BE’ in the past simple tense is       ‘by
                       use (plural)
 ‘was’ (singular) or ‘were’the 3rd form or much (who was it?) so
                                         us
                      past participle of the  leave it out.
                           main verb.
         Present Perfect Passive
 Here is a sentence in the present perfect.
 They have forgiven you.



 Now let’s change it to the passive voice:

        You    have been      forgiven.


  ‘to BE’ in the present perfect
                            To make the passive,
tense is ‘has been’ (singular) or the 3rd form or
                             use
       ‘have been’ (plural) past participle of the
                                  main verb.
This presentation did not cover all
the tenses but maybe it gave you
  an idea about how to form the
 passive. Now try some activities
        on other websites.

  Back to links to other passive
            voice sites

				
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posted:9/8/2012
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