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					GRAMMAR PORTAFOLIO

 SANDRA VIVIANA CUBILLOS R.
 LOW ADVANCE
 2011
                    PASSIVE VOICE
                        (#PV)
                                                   Describe methods
                                                      Hide agent
                                                   Enphazise subject
                                 FUNCTION         Main information flow
                                              Remove agent reporting findings
                                                 Report negative events



 PASIVE VOICE                                  Newspaper and Magazine
                                  GENRE             Government
                                                     Academic



                               GENERAL FORM   Subject + Be + past participle verb




Teacher David Hattem’s chart
             PASSIVE VOICE
                 (#PV)
TWITTER


   Zeus IS KNOWN in Greek mythology because he is the father of
    gods.


   Some wars HAVE BEEN FOUGHT in search of freedom.


   The book Cien años de soledad WAS WRITTEN BY Gabriel García
    Márquez.


    Some prothesis   HAVE   BEEN   DEVELOPED    BY biomedical
    engineers.


   When WERE minimal surgeries RECOGNIZED BY?
                 PASSIVE VOICE
                     (#PV)
BLOGS AND WRITING CLASSES

   Leadership IS REPRESENTED BY Snowball and Napoleon in two
    different ways that show their characters.

   Plastic surgery IS CLASSIFIED as a branch in the medical field.

   Reconstructive surgery IS COVERED BY insurance.

   Cellphones ARE MADE with a basic or advanced technology.

   … it WAS INTRODUCED around the 1930s..

   The ceiling IS MADE in a colonial style..
                 PASSIVE VOICE
                     (#PV)
NEWSPAPERS


   A 23-year-old man in Perth HAS BEEN SENTENCED to nine-and-a-half
    years jail for sex attacks on women while they were walking home from
    train stations.


   This autumn, the European Commission IS EXPECTED to propose
    creating a single European Union contract law that consumers and
    merchants can use to supersede national laws, in some cases offering
    better terms and more protection.


   It was the first time the little boy WAS ALLOWED to walk alone, and he
    WAS SUPPOSED to travel about seven blocks to meet his mother but
    missed his turn.
                  PASSIVE VOICE
                      (#PV)
OTHER SOURCES



   Instead Animal Farm IS PRESENTED to Young readers as something
    in between a terrifying vision and a cautionary tale.


   Los Angeles, Istanbul, Tokyo, and Lima- that ARE regularly AFFECTED
    BY earthquakes.


   Numerous theories ARE BASED on the idea that aggression is an
    inherent and natural human instinct.
    PASSIVE VOICE WITH MODAL
             (#PVM)
TWITTER

   Heart attack CAN BE PRODUCED BY high levels of cholesterol.


   A stop signal MUST BE RESPECTED by drivers.


   Safety precautions HAVE TO BE ADOPTED in all kinds of surgical
    procedures.


   The survey SHOULD BE DONE by phone.


   The green book CAN BE TAKEN BY Diana.
    PASSIVE VOICE WITH MODAL
             (#PVM)
BLOGS AND WRITING CLASSES


   I belief that creationism and evolution SHOULD BE TAUGHT in
    schools…


   ..different kinds of cellphones CAN BE FOUND.


   A lot of cows can be raised in my family's farm.


   Flowers WILL BE GROWN in my garden again this summer.


   My work HAS TO BE DONE BY tomorrow or I'll get in trouble with
    my mom.
    PASSIVE VOICE WITH MODAL
             (#PVM)
NEWSPAPER


   …the human brain and its complex neural web CAN’T BE
    DELETED and UPGRADED.


   Our ability to process context CAN BE USED against us.


   NATO said all roadblocks WOULD BE REMOVED and its soldiers
    would continue to control two border posts into mid-September.


   "Roadblocks WILL BE REMOVED and freedom of movement
    WILL BE RE-ESTABLISHED,”
    PASSIVE VOICE WITH MODAL
              (#PVM)
OTHER SOURCES



   Leopards CAN BE FOUND in África, Central Asia, India and China.



   Aggressive behaviors CAN BE LEARND through a combination of
    modeling and positive reinforce of the aggressive behavior
PASSIVE VOICE WITH MODAL IN
      THE PAST (#PVMP)

TWITTER


   The room SHOULD HAVE BEEN CLEANED yesterday.


   Passive voice MIGHT HAVE BEEN STUDIED BY Dave's students.


   The presentation COULD HAVE BEEN DONE in a better way.


   The new ingredients SHOULD HAVE BEEN INCORPORATED to
    the recipe.
PASSIVE VOICE WITH MODAL IN
      THE PAST (#PVMP)
SPOKEN LANGUAGE


   The chicken could have been made in the oven.
   My mattress could not have been replaced by another alike.
   My plants might have been planted in the backyard.



OTHER SOURCES


   Nothing COULD HAVE BEEN ACHIEVED without Boxer,….
       PASSIVE VOICE WITH GET
               (#PVG)

TWITTER


   My computer GOT ROBBED in 2009.


   I GOT MARRIED eight months ago.


   Andrea will GET ENGAGED next month.


   My car GOT BROKEN after I took a hole on my way home.
       PASSIVE VOICE WITH GET
               (#PVG)

NEWSPAPER


   Leiby GOT LOST on his walk home from a religious day camp July
    11…


   Shourd, now 32, and Bauer GOT ENGAGED in prison before she
    was released on what Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said
    were humanitarian grounds following health issues.


OTHER SOURCES


   … Mr Jones went into Willingdom and GOT so DRUNK at the Red
    Lion….
          PASSIVE CAUSATIVE
                (#PC)
TWITTER


   My mother GOT my car FIXED.


   Tatiana finally GOT her computer FIXED.


   Cesar must GET his photo TAKEN for his yearbook.


   I will GET my hair DONE in fall.


   Manuel GOT his grass MOWN last weekend.
 RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
    CLAUSES (#RAC)
                                Identify a particular
                             example of a general noun

                FUNCTION

                                Which one?



              GENERAL FORM
RESTRICTIVE                     SRP + V+ C
                 (THAT)
 ADJECTIVE
  CLAUSES

               PUNCTUTION            Ø


                                Academic
                 GENRE          Newspaper
                                 Magazin
        RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
           CLAUSES (#RAC)
TWITTER


   My friend WHO USED TO WORK at Hospital de San Jose in Bogota
    is now working at Johnson & Johnson.


   Some women suffer abnormal uterine bleeding THAT IS A
    DESEASE characterized for numerous menstrual cycles.


   Gynecologists recommend to their patients tension free vaginal type
    THAT IS AN IMPLANT FOR URINARY INCONTINENCE.
     RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
        CLAUSES (#RAC)
BLOGS AND WRITING CLASS

   Students can debate about theories THAT ARE OR AREN’T TRUE.

   when in a room, there are multiple religions and believes THAT
    SHOULD BE RESPECTED in order to live peaceful.

   People WHO ARE GOING THROUGH reconstructive plastic surgery
    no matter if they are technical or not have to understand that there are
    advantages and disadvantages when they decide to have an operation

   Patients WHO ARE INVOLVED IN A MASTECTOMY, which is a
    remotion of the breast, can develop a graft rejection and multiple
    scars.
        RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
           CLAUSES (#RAC)
NEWSPAPER


   MOGADISHU, Somalia — The Shabab Islamist insurgent group,
    which controls much of southern Somalia, is blocking starving
    people from fleeing the country and setting up a cantonment camp
    where it is imprisoning displaced people WHO WERE TRYING TO
    ESCAPE SHABAB TERRITORY.


   The massive recall follows the death of a Sacramento, Calif.,
    resident tied to an outbreak of salmonella food poisoning THAT HAS
    SICKENED PEOPLE IN 26 STATES SINCE MARCH. At the family's
    request, no details about the death have been released.
     RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
        CLAUSES (#RAC)
OTHER SOURCES


   … The Commandment had not been violated; for clearly there was
    good reason for killing the traitors WHO HAD JEAGUED
    THEMSELVES WITH SNOWBALL.



   The pigeons WHO WERE STILL SENT OUT TO SPREAD TIDINGS
    OF THE REBELLION were forbidden to set foot anywhere on
    foxwood,…
NON-RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
     CLAUSES(#NRAC)
                                   Provide additional information,
                                   less important informations about
                                   the preceding noun that is a
                                   proper noun.
                      FUNCTION


                                        WH questions




                    GENERAL FORM
                                        SRP + V+ C
                       (WHICH)
 NON-RESTRICTIVE
ADJECTIVE CLAUSES

                                             - -
                     PUNCTUTION              , ,
                                             ( )


                                         Academic
                       GENRE             Newspaper
                                          Magazin
    NON-RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
         CLAUSES(#NRAC)
TWITTER


   Interceed, WHICH IS AN ABSORBABLE ADHESION BARRIER, is
    used in c-seccion surgery.


   Starry Night was painted by Vincent van Gogh, WHO WAS ONE OF
    THE MOST IMPORTANT PAINTERS OF THE HISTORY.


   In the 1840s, WHEN THE FIRST ECONOMIC RECESSION
    STARTED, numerous of people were affected significantly.


   Albert Einstein, WHO IS CONSIDERED THE GREATEST
    SCIENTIST OF THE XX CENTURY, changed the concept of gravity
      NON-RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
           CLAUSES(#NRAC)
BLOGS AND WRITING CLASSES


   Snowball, WHICH IS COURAGEOUS, VIVACIOUS AND A GREAT
    TALKER, belives in Animalism and wants equality for all animals.


   He belives in dictatorship, WHICH IS A SUPRIME POWER AND
    AUTHORITY,..


   …microsurgery, WHICH IS A TYPE OF SURGERY THAT
    REQUIRES AN OPERATING MICROSCOPE.


   Patients who are involved in a mastectomy, WHICH IS A
    REMOTION OF THE BREAST, can develop a graft rejection and
    multiple scars
    NON-RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
         CLAUSES (#NRAC)
NEWSPAPER



   MOGADISHU, Somalia — The Shabab Islamist insurgent group,
    WHICH CONTROLS MUCH OF SOUTHERN SOMALIA, is blocking
    starving people from fleeing the country and setting up a cantonment
    camp where it is imprisoning displaced people who were trying to
    escape Shabab territory.


   In the Phoenix area, WHICH HAS BEEN IN the news for several
    massive walls of dust that have swept through in recent months,
    residents were told to expect several more days of above normal heat.
    NON-RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
         CLAUSES (#NRAC)
OTHER SOURCES



   ..It had come to be accepted that the pigs, WHO WERE
    MANIFESTLY CLEVERER THAN THE OTHER ANIMALS,..


   Snowball declared that this was just the place for a windmill, WHICH
    COULD BE MADE TO OPERATE A DYNAMO AND SUPPLY THE
    FARM WITH ELECTRICAL POWER.


   Clouds and darkness also cause solar panels to produce less
    energy, WHICH REQUIRES ONE TO HAVE ADDITIONAL POWER
    SOURCES ( SUCH AS BATTERRIES) AVAIABLE.
             APPOSITIVE
               (#APP)
                             Explain a tecnical term.
                             Introduce an abreviation.
                             Provide aditional
                FUNCTION
                             information.
                             Provede a list.
                             Identtify a person



                                     NP
              GENERAL FORM
APPOSITIVE                         No verb


                                     - -
               PUNCTUTION            , ,
                                     ( )

                                 Academic
                 GENRE           Newspaper
                                  Magazin
                    APPOSITIVE
                      (#APP)
TWITTER



   Prolift, PELVIC FLOOR REPAIR SYSTEM, is a new implant
    treatment for pelvic organ prolapse.


   Cartagena, THE MOST TOURISTIC CITY IN COLOMBIA, is known
    for the Castillo de San Felipe.


   My house is 1,800 square feet - ABOUT 167,2 SQUARE METERS.
                     APPOSITIVE
                       (#APP)
BLOGS AND WRITING CLASSES


   The Ballantine’s house, AN AMAZING VICTORIAN HOUSE, located
    in downtown Newark, Nj.


   My favorite was the parlor, THE MOST ELEGANT AND BRIGHT
    ROOM.


   Reconstructive plastic surgery takes care of physical malformations
    or defects that can be acquired (TUMORS, BURNS, CANCER) or
    congenital ( BIRTH DEFECTS).


   Reconstructive plastic surgery, AS OTHER SURGERIES, may
    contribute in the development of complications
                    APPOSITIVE
                      (#APP)
NEWSPAPER

   MOGADISHU, Somalia — THE SHABAB ISLAMIST INSURGENT
    GROUP, which controls much of southern Somalia…


   …Rihaan Gangat, a meteorologist for the National Weather
    Service.


   Zawiya, A COASTAL CITY JUST 30 MILES (50 KILOMETERS)
    WEST OF TRIPOLI, is the biggest prize so far in the rebels' three-
    week-old offensive.
                    APPOSITIVE
                      (#APP)
OTHER SOURCES



   …Durrington WALL - A STRUCTUR SIMILAR TO STONEHENGE
    BUT ABOUT 20 TIMES LARGER.


   … winter solstices ( THE LONGES AHD SHORTEST DAYS OF
    THE YEAR) to celebrate certain religious cereminies.


   How exactly the stones were transported – WITHOUT THE USE OF
    WHEELS – remains a mystery
   RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
      PHRASE (#RAP)
                                   Identify a particular example of a
                                              general noun

                      FUNCTION


                                        Which one?




                                      V (ed) or (ing)+ C
                    GENERAL FORM          P        A
   RESTRICTIVE
ADJECTIVE PHRASES



                     PUNCTUTION               Ø



                                        Conversation
                                         Academic
                       GENRE
                                         Newspaper
                                          Magazin
       RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
          PHRASE (#RAP)
TWITTER


   People HAVING CANCER DISEASE need numerous support from
    their families.


   This weekend my husband and I prepared the signature dish
    FEATURED IN ANTHONY BOURDAIN SHOW.


   My   students were working in the survey   called   good
    management of sterilization center.


   Children BORN WITH HEART MEDICAL CONDITIONS have to be
    strict medical control.
        RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
           PHRASE (#RAP)
NEWSPAPER



   Single men could die about eight to 17 years earlier than their
    married male friends, says Roelfs, citing that nearly all of the data
    was gleaned from studies CONDUCTED IN THE LAST 60 YEARS.



   “ Almost Chimpazee: Searching for What Makes Us Human, in
    Rainforests, Labs, Sanctuarier ans Zoos”: CONSIDERING THAT
    THIS SUMMER'S CROP OF MOVIES…
        RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
           PHRASE (#RAP)
OTHER SOURCES



   Heat GENERATED BELOW in the earth’s core causes convection
    currents in the mantel…


   … Live in colonies made up of an immeansurable number of polyps
    CLUSTERED TOGUETHER.


   … coral SURROUNDING THE SKELETAL EMNANTS OF ONCE-
    LIVING CORAL.
NON-RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
     PHRASES (#NRAP)
                                   Provide additional information,
                                   less important informations about
                                   the preceding noun that is a
                                   proper noun.
                      FUNCTION


                                        WH questions




                    GENERAL FORM     V (ed) or     (ing)+ C
                       (WHICH)            P          A
 NON-RESTRICTIVE
ADJECTIVE CLAUSES

                                             - -
                     PUNCTUTION              , ,
                                             ( )


                                         Academic
                       GENRE             Newspaper
                                          Magazin
    NON-RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
         PHRASES (#NRAP)
TWITTER


   Alejandro bought the vegetables, INCLUDING MUSHROOMS AND
    ONIONS, at the farmers market on Saturday morning.


   Some subjects, BASED ON SURGICAL TECHNIQUES, were
    taught by my.


   I learned numerous of surgical techniques, INCLUDING general,
    gynecological and orthopedic thechniques.


   My knowledge in heart surgical procedures, OBTAINED FROM MY
    SURGICAL PRACTICES AT THE SAINT JOSEPH HOSPITAL,
    was used in emergency surgical situations.
    NON-RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
         PHRASES (#NRAP)
NEWSPAPER



   The group is widely blamed for causing a famine in Somalia by
    forcing out many Western aid organizations, DEPRIVING
    DROUGHT VICTIMS OF DESPERATELY NEEDED FOOD.



   The three victims, IDENTIFIED BY THE MEDICAL EXAMINER
    as 45-year-old Kimberly Griffith of Plum, 12-year-old Brenna
    Griffith and 8-year-old Mikaela Griffith, were unable to escape
    their vehicle..
    NON-RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE
         PHRASES (#NRAP)
OTHER SOURCES


   The spaceship, CALLED THE MULTI-PURPOSE CREW VEHICLE
    (MPCV), is based on capsule designs that were originally intended
    for NASA's Orion spacecraft…



   … the Anthozoa class, CALLED STONY CORALS, that is closely
    ralated to jellyfish and sea anemones.
  CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB
        (#CA)
                        They join two ideas,
                         phrases, or clauses
             FUNCTION
                        together to contrast
                          and concession

                                     INITIAL POSITION
                                         ( students)
                                      ; CA, + S +V +C

                                     MIDDLE POSITION
CONJUCTIVE    FORMS                 (Academic/professors)
 ADVERBS                              S + ,CA, + V + C

                                      FINAL POSITION
                                        (Conversation)
                                       S + V + C+ ,CA

                          Add information
                          Contrast
                          Surprising
              USES        Contras and concession
                          enfized
       CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB
             (#CA)
TWITTER


   I can assist arthopedic surgical procedures; HOWEVER, I prefer
    heart surgical procedures.


   Andrea has an atletic body; ALTHOUGH, she doesn’t exercise.


   The scholarship was won by Manuel, he, in fact, did not accept it.


   I bought an appartment, I did not live ther, although.
           CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB
                 (#CA)
BLOGS AND WRITING CLASSES


   Althogh, both are young, intelligent and well-known pigs. Snowball,
    which is courageous, vivacious and a great talker, believes in Animalism
    and wants equality for all animals;While, Napoleon has a strong
    character he does not have good speech skills, but he always gets his way.

   …Also, television is considered as a form of entertainment..

   Cellphones are made with a basic or advanced technology. Consequently,
    making calls and sending test messages (SMS) are part of the basic designs of
    mobile phones; HOWEVER, at the same time, you can find internet ready and
    GPS integrated features in advance cellphones.

   Even though people think that plastic surgery is dedicated to the beauty of
    people who do not like something about their bodies, plastic surgery is also
    used for reconstructive surgery, hand surgery, treatment of burns and
    microsurgery
          CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB
                (#CA)
   The movie was really bad; THEREFORE, many people left early.


   My father in law spends a lot of time on the yard; THEREFORE, our
    house has the nicest yard on the block.


   I really want a new car however I can not afford it.


   My husband need to eat more vegetables OTHERWISE you will not
    be healthy.
   It will be sunny. Consequently, we will wear sunscreen.
         CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB
               (#CA)
   A previous study cited by the authors, HOWEVER, found that up
    to 40 percent of malpractice claims are not associated with medical
    errors.
SCORE 35
 Viviany,
 This is fantastic. I’d like to use it as a
  model portfolio for future students.
  Again, great work!

				
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