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The Australian Curriculum

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					Shape of the Australian
     Curriculum

      December 2010
The Australian Curriculum
• sets what all students are to be taught (content) and the
  quality of learning expected by years or bands of
  schooling (achievement standards)
• affirms the central importance of discipline-based
  knowledge and skills as well as general capabilities and
  cross-curriculum priorities



                                     A curriculum for all young Australians
                                     A world-class curriculum for the 21st century




                                                                           1
 Aims
The Australian Curriculum aims to:
   o help to ensure all young Australians are equipped with
     the skills, knowledge and capabilities that provide a
     foundation for successful and lifelong learning and
     participation in the Australian community
   o make clear to teachers what is to be taught across the
     years of schooling
   o make clear to students what they should learn and the
     quality of the learning expected of them




                                                              2
  Catering for the diversity of students
• There is flexibility for teachers to shape classroom programs
  to take into account:
   – the different rates at which students develop
   – the diverse range of learning needs in the class
• Schools and teachers will continue to apply their
  professional judgment about how to best reflect local and
  regional circumstances, educational philosophies and
  learning environments

                                                  Diversity of learners




                                                                     3
Students with special education needs

 •   Most students with special education needs can engage
     with the Foundation to Year 10 curriculum content
     provided age-appropriate adjustments are made to
     content, complexity and pace of the curriculum and/or
     pedagogical approach
 •   For students not able to access the Foundation to Year
     10 curriculum, even with adjustments, ACARA is
     developing additional curriculum content and
     achievement standards




                                                              4
Students for whom English is
another language or dialect (EAL/D)
•   Development of statements for inclusion in each
    learning area which describe who EAL/D learners are
    and the language requirements of the learning area
•   Identification of the language, literacy and skills
    demands in the curriculum to address specific needs of
    EAL/D learners
•   ACARA will continue to work with jurisdictions in
    provision of further advice and guidance



                                                             5
Australian Curriculum Development
There are four stages in the development of the
Australian Curriculum:
  1.   Curriculum shaping
  2.   Curriculum writing
  3.   Implementation
  4.   Evaluation and review




                                                  6
  Australian Curriculum Development
                                        Phase 3
                                      development
                                       2011-2013

                 Shape         Phase 2
                 Papers
                             development
                              2010-2012

                       Phase 1
        Design
                     development
        Paper         2008-2010


2007   2008      2009      2010     2011     2012       2013         2014        2015

                                                    Australian Curriculum development
                                                    timelines




                                                                                  7
Development of the Learning Areas
               Learning areas                   Timeline
 English                                        2008-2010
 Mathematics                                    2008-2010
 Science                                        2008-2010
 Humanities and social sciences
 •History                                       2008-2010
 •Geography                                     2010-2012
                                                2011-2013
 •Economics, Business, Civics and citizenship
 The arts                                       2010-2012
 Languages                                      2010-2012
 Health and physical education                  2011-2013
 Design and the technologies                    2011-2013




                                                            8
 Shape of the Australian
 Curriculum v2.0
• provides a context for the Foundation to Year 10
  Australian Curriculum for English, mathematics,
  science and history and guides the next stage of
  curriculum development
• describes what has been agreed about the
  structure and development of the Australian
  Curriculum
• will be progressively revised to reflect the ongoing
  development of the Australian Curriculum
• available at www.acara.edu.au




                                                         9
Shape of the curriculum

There are three core areas of the Australian Curriculum:
   o Learning areas
     (content descriptions and achievement standards)
   o General capabilities
   o Cross-curriculum priorities



                                       Structure of the Australian Curriculum




                                                                     10
Curriculum content Foundation to Year 10
Rationale and aims
o outline the purpose and structure of the learning area

Content descriptions
o core knowledge, understandings and skills – what
  students will be taught
o accompanied by content elaborations that illustrate and
  exemplify content
Achievement standards
o describe the quality of learning typically expected of
  students
o accompanied by work samples that illustrate and
  exemplify


                                                            11
Teaching time allocations

• The Australian Curriculum is designed to be taught
  within the overall teaching time and resources available
  to teachers and students
• School systems, sectors and schools determine time and
  other resource allocations for delivery of curriculum




                                                        12
 General capabilities
The general capabilities in the Australian Curriculum are:
   o   Literacy
   o   Numeracy
   o   Information and Communication Technology competence
   o   Critical and creative thinking
   o   Ethical behaviour
   o   Personal and social competence
   o   Intercultural understanding

The general capabilities are incorporated into learning area content in
ways that are appropriate to each learning area
                                                            General capabilities




                                                                             13
Cross-curriculum priorities
• Three cross-curriculum priorities:
   o Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures
   o Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia
   o Sustainability

• The cross-curriculum priorities are embedded in all
  learning areas as appropriate
• They are designed to support relevance and address
  contemporary issues

                                                 Cross-curriculum priorities




                                                                        14
Assessment and Reporting
• The Australian Curriculum achievement standards
  provide a basis for assessment and reporting
• ACARA is working with states and territories towards a
  nationally-consistent approach to reporting
• States and territories will continue to determine
  assessment and reporting approaches until there is a
  nationally-consistent approach




                                                           15
Senior secondary courses
• ACARA is responsible for developing curriculum content and
  achievement standards for certain senior secondary courses
  (currently English, mathematics, science and history courses are
  under development)
• States and territories will continue to offer subjects that do not
  overlap significantly with the Australian Curriculum subjects
• The list of Australian Curriculum courses may grow in time if
  there is national agreement
• Curriculum, assessment and certification authorities will be
  responsible for determining the assessment, certification and
  quality assurance requirements of Australian Curriculum courses
Recognition of Alternative Curricula
 • Until a national recognition process for alternative
   curricula is developed by ACARA and agreed by
   education ministers, schools that offer well established
   alternative curricula, such as Steiner, Montessori and
   International Baccalaureate, will continue to have their
   curriculum approved under state and territory registration
   arrangements




                                                           17
Quality assurance and review
• The Australian Curriculum has been established on a
  strong evidence base, including what works in
  professional practice
• The Australian Curriculum will continue to be
  benchmarked against the curricula of countries leading
  the world in excellence and performance
• The Australian Curriculum will be subject to evaluation
  and validation during initial implementation




                                                            18
The Foundation to Year 10
     learning areas
English Foundation to Year 10
• Three interrelated strands (Language, Literature,
  Literacy)
• Each strand focuses on reading, writing, speaking and
  listening
• Teaching of literature in primary years
• Grammar focus from Foundation to Year 10



                                                  English (F-10)




                                                            20
Mathematics Foundation to
Year 10
• Organised around three content strands (Number and
  Algebra, Measurement and Geometry, Statistics and
  Probability)
• Content descriptions are grouped into sub-strands to
  illustrate sequence and development of concepts in each
  strand
• The proficiencies are incorporated into the three strands
  (Understanding, Fluency, Problem Solving and
  Reasoning)
                                                Mathematics (F-10)




                                                              21
Science Foundation to Year 10
• Three interrelated strands (Science understanding,
  Science as a human endeavour, Science inquiry skills)
• Focus on inquiry-based approaches
• Development of key science concepts from Foundation
  to Year 10 that relate to contemporary applications of
  science
• Overarching ideas that represent key aspects of science

                                                 Science (F-10)




                                                            22
History Foundation to Year 10
•   Two interrelated strands: historical knowledge and
    understanding; historical skills
•   A world history approach – personal/family to world
•   A focus on historical inquiry
•   Overviews and depth studies
•   A focus on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
    histories and cultures, Asia and Australia’s
    engagement with Asia
                                                   History (F-10)




                                                              23
Consultation and revision process




                                    24
Consultation process
• ACARA manages the consultation process that informs
  Australian Curriculum shaping and writing
• All members of the community are encouraged to
  engage in the consultation process via the Australian
  Curriculum website (click on ‘Consultation’)
• This website provides key information about what is
  open for consultation and how and when feedback can
  be provided
• As they become available, reports of consultation
  activities will be published on the website
                                     Providing feedback on the Australian
                                     Curriculum




                                                                    25
Consultation occurs on:
1.   Initial Advice Paper
2.   Draft Shape Paper
3.   Final Shape Paper
4.   Draft curriculum outline
5.   Draft curriculum
6.   Responses to major feedback
7.   Revised curriculum
8.   Penultimate/final curriculum


                                    26
Consultation processes
•   State/territory consultation forums (teachers,
    academics, authorities, associations)
•   National panel meetings (“experts” – teachers,
    academics, authorities, associations)
•   Meetings with state and territory authorities and
    major professional associations
•   Web surveys and written submissions
•   Participation of trial schools and teachers
•   Critical readers and reviewers


                                                    27
  Australian Curriculum
website & digital resources
Digital curriculum and resources
•   The Australian Curriculum is published online
    (www.australiancurriculum.edu.au)
•   ACARA has worked with Education Services Australia to
    make adjustments to the online curriculum based on
    consultation feedback regarding layout and functionality
•   The Australian Curriculum Connect project will link
    state/territory digital resources to support the teaching
    of the curriculum




                                                                29
Online delivery
The delivery of the Australian
Curriculum within an online
environment enables:
 o the curriculum to be dynamic,
   multidimensional and more easily
   updated
 o teachers to use the online facility
   to design their teaching programs
 o teachers to integrate ICT within
   their classrooms


                                         30
National digital learning resources
• There are over 11,000 national digital learning resources
  available through the Learning Federation.
• More than 80% of current resources are in English,
  mathematics, science and history.
• The Australian Curriculum Connect Pilot is testing a new
  way of linking digital resources (whether national or local)
  to the Australian Curriculum
   o making it easier for users to search
   o more flexible and durable
   o providing access to a greater range of digital resources.



                                                           31

				
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