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					‘Aziziya
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia                                                                            Coordinates: 32°31′51″N 13°01′16″E


      For other uses, see Aziziye (disambiguation).
‘Aziziya ( Anglicized:  /əˈziːziːə/; Arabic: al-ʿAzīziyyah / al-ʻAzīzīyah / al-
                                                                                                                       ‘Aziziya
ʿazīzīya), sometimes spelled El Azizia, is a city and the capital of the Jafara
district in northwestern Libya, 41 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of Tripoli.
Before 2001 it was in the ‘Aziziya District and its capital. ‘Aziziya is a major                         ‘Aziziya
trade centre of the Sahel Jeffare plateau, being on a trade route from the coast
to the Nafusa Mountains and the Fezzan region to the south. As of 2004, the
city's population has been estimated at over 280,000.[1]

Geography and climate
On 13 September 1922, a high temperature of 57.8°C (136°F) was recorded in
‘Aziziya, which is the highest temperature ever measured on Earth.[2]

However, that reading is controversial: [3][4]
      1. The weather station was at first in 'Aziziya town, but in 1919 it was
         moved to a hilltop fort, where the weather station was set up on black
                                                                                                                    Location in Libya
         tarmac, which would have absorbed more sunlight and made the air                              Coordinates: 32°31′51″N 13°01′16″E
         there artificially hotter, explaining a period of very hot readings there
                                                                                                 Country                        Libya
         from 1919 to 1928.
                                                                                                 Region                    Tripolitania
      2. Shortly before the 13 September 1922 record reading, the weather                        District                  Jafara
         station's usual maximum thermometer had been damaged, and replaced
                                                                                                 Elevation [1]             390 ft (119 m)
         by an uncalibrated ordinary maximum-minimum thermometer such as
                                                                                                 Population (2004)[1]
         often used in greenhouses.
                                                                                                 • Total              287,407
This record does not mean that ‘Aziziya is the hottest place on Earth; that title Time zone          UTC + 2
belongs to Dallol, Ethiopia, where the mean temperature is 34.4°C (94°F). If
the record was not the actual temperature, then the hottest temperature is 56.7°C (134°F) which has been recorded in 1913
in Death Valley, California in the United States.
                                                  Climate data for ‘Aziziya, Libya (1920–1942)
                  Month              Jan    Feb     Mar    Apr    May     Jun     Jul    Aug   Sep            Oct       Nov      Dec      Year
                                    30.1     33.5    44.5    48.3   49.5     51.9      51.0    56.0     57.8    50.2    41.6      32.6     57.8
            Record high °C   (°F) (86.2) (92.3) (112.1) (118.9) (121.1) (125.4) (123.8) (132.8) (136.0) (122.4)        (106.9)   (90.7)   (136.0)
                                 Source: http://www.wunderground.com/blog/weatherhistorian/comment.html?entrynum=2


Notes
   1. ^ a b c Wolfram Alpha
   2. ^ "Global Measured Extremes of Temperature and Precipitation" . National Climatic Data Center. United States National Oceanic
      and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Retrieved 3 December 2008.
   3. ^ "Broken thermometer led to a record breaker". Daily Telegraph. 13 November 2010.
   4. ^ Burt, Christopher C. (2010-10-08). "QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE WORLD’S HOTTEST TEMPERATURE ON RECORD:
      136.4°F (58°C) AT AL AZIZIA, LIBYA SEPTEMBER 13, 1922" . Weather Underground. Retrieved 2010-10-09.

  V   · T· E·                                     Administrative seats of the districts of Libya (since 2007)
 Ajdabiya · Al Jawf · ‘Aziziya · Bayda · Benghazi · Brak · Derna · Gharyan · Ghat · Hun · Khoms · Marj · Misrata · Murzuk · Nalut · Sabha · Sirte ·
                                                     Tripoli · Tobruk · Ubari · Zawiya · Zuwara ·




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posted:9/8/2012
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