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					                   IFOS/ICO                                                                    NEWS letter
IFOS/ICO Newsletter                     ICO WEBSITE icoph-org                                  Volume : 8            Issue : 1        2005

                     LEADERSHIP IS THE KEY TO ENHANCING EDUCATION - PRESIDENT
                   A primary commitment of the International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) is to enhance ophthalmic education,
                   particularly the training of ophthalmologists. Sub-Saharan Africa is one of the areas of greatest need, with only one
                   ophthalmologist for every million people. Early in 2004, the ICO decided to launch a pilot project to assess how we
                   might help. That spring, at the invitation of the Ophthalmological Society of Nigeria (OSN), a group of ICO leaders
                   toured residency programs in Nigeria and met with the Nigerian Minister of Health. Since then there has been
                   exciting progress toward enhancing residency training in Nigeria. Also recently, the Eastern Africa College of
                   Ophthalmology (EACO) has been formed to improve training in that region. The reality is that the ICO has very
G.O.H. Naumann MD, limited resources and cannot provide financial support for enhancing residency training in other countries. Nigeria
   ICO President   was selected for the pilot project after careful consideration. We hope that leaders in other developing regions will
 be inspired by the great progress in Nigeria to undertake similar initiatives in those countries. There are links in this ICO Letter to
 resources that should be helpful.



                              BRUCE E. SPIVEY - THE NEXT PRESIDENT ICO
                        When the Council met in May in Florence, it elected Secretary General Bruce E Spivey to be the next Council
                        President, effective at the end of the World Ophthalmology Congress in February 2006 in Brazil. On this election
                        President Naumann said that he believes Bruce Spivey will provide the continuity that is critical to build on the major
                        contributions to ophthalmic education and the preservation of vision that ICO has made in recent years. The terms of
                        the four current officers and all other members of the Council expire at the end of the World Congress in February,
                        and a new slate of officers and other members of the Council will be approved in São Paulo. Guidelines adopted in
                        2004 call for the Vice President, Treasurer and Secretary General to be selected, if at all possible, from different
  Bruce E. Spivey       supranational regions than the President and each other. The Council's Executive Committee is now considering
individuals from outside North and South America who might fill these critical roles. To be frank, this is a major challenge. There are many
talented individuals who could provide the leadership, but it is hard to find those who have both the time to commit to the increasing
responsibilities of officers and financial resources to pay for their own travel on behalf of the ICO and IFOS, which all Council members do.
The Executive Committee will recommend a Vice President, Treasurer and Secretary General for election by the Council in February. The
Council will nominate "Ordinary Members" (Council members who are not officers or ex-officio) to be elected by IFOS at its General
Assembly.


                                      2006 WORLD OPHTHALMOLOGY CONGRESS
                      To date, there are more than 2000 speakers and 7400 ophthalmologists from over 100 countries registered for the World
                      Ophthalmology Congress, scheduled February 19 - 24, 2006 in Sao Paulo, Brazil, the week before Carnival.If you
                      haven't already decided to come to São Paulo, consider the Congress social program and tours we have organized to
                      spectacular destinations within Brazil, not to mention the chance to experience Carnival! There will be many
                      opportunities to spend time with colleagues you haven't seen in years and make new acquaintances. Highlights of the
                      social program are boxed here below:
                      a.. February 19: Informal get-togethers with friends             b.. February 20: Opening Ceremony
    Rubens Belfort    c.. February 21: Alumni meetings and society social functions   d.. February 22: Carnival Ball and Soccer Game
 President WOC 2006 e.. February 23: Speakers & Dinner                                 f.. February 24: Start of Carnival throughout Brazil!
For information on tours we are offering around São Paulo; to Rio De Janeiro, Salvador and Recife for Carnival; and to other resorts and
areas of Brazil, see: www.ophthalmology2006.com.br/tours.php.
The Scientific Program Committee for the World Ophthalmology Congress has focused on making this the highest quality scientific
program ever for an International Congress of Ophthalmology.
The program is nearly complete. Among the highlights:
a.. 2400 speakers from all of the ophthalmic subspecialties and all regions of the world               b.. 400 scientific sessions with 4000
presentations         c.. Courses, workshops, free papers, posters and a film festival d.. Contributions to the program from all five major
supranational societies of ophthalmologists and 61 subspecialty societies and international organizations.
For the first time, there will be four "Subspecialty Days," one-day programs led by some of the world's top ophthalmologists: on Glaucoma
(February 20), Retina (February 21), Cataract (February 21) and Cornea and Refractive Surgery (February 23).
A list of the topics covered in the program can be downloaded as a PDF file from: www.ophthalmology2006.com.br/preliminary.pdf.
To search for a specific subject or speaker, go to:
www.meetingeventos.com.br/site/programa_oftalmo/principal.asp?congresso=wocprog.
One highlights of the 2006 World Ophthalmology Congress will be the first-ever World Forum of Non-Profit Organizations on Vision and
Prevention of Blindness. Scheduled from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Sunday, February 19, the Forum will feature presentations from non-
governmental development organizations (NGOs) and ophthalmological societies on initiatives to preserve and protect vision around the
world.
For more information, visit the Congress Web site at www.ophthalmology2006.com.br.
                               SUBSPECIALITY SOCIETIES JOINING IFOS/ICO
Eighteen Subspeciality Societies with international character have already applied to join as member of IFOS & so become a part of the
mainstream of ICO activities. Societies that filed an application by Dec 1st 2005 will be considered for ratification of IFOS membership at the
ICO meeting at Sao Paulo. If approved they can participate in the next IFOS General Assembly on Tuesday Feb 21st at Sao Paulo, Brazil
during the WOC. The President of WOC Prof Rubens Belfort has generously offered to provide free registration to the official IFOS
representative for new as well as current IFOS members. Until recently IFOS membership was limited to the primary National
Ophthalmological Societies in each country. Nearly 100 National Societies are valid members. We believe that this expansion of IFOS is
critical to maintaining cohesiveness in ophthalmology throughout the world, and we look forward to the contribution that subspecialty
societies and others will make to help enhance ophthalmologic education and preserve vision. All international subspecialty societies are
eligible to join IFOS. New and current IFOS members will also be recognized at the Opening Ceremonies of the World Ophthalmology
Congress. See http://www.icoph.org/apply for more information on membership in IFOS and http://www.ophthalmology2006.com.br for
more on the Congress.

                                 THE IFOS/ICO-FELLOWSHIP PROJECT 2001 TO 2005
                      The IFOS/ICO fellowship was started in 2001 to support promising young ophthalmologists to improve their
                      practical skills and broaden their views in ophthalmology. The fellows are expected to bring the acquired
                      knowledge and skills back to their home country to take part in the fight to prevent avoidable blindness.
                      ICO/IFOS will establish a definitive contribution to the project Vision 2020 to prevent avoidable blindness and will
                      enhance the collaboration between different institutions dealing with eye care.
                      There are two terms per year to apply for a fellowship: March 31st and September 30th
Prof. Balber P. Gloor Since the begining of the project 151 fellows could be awarded until July 2005, 38 new applications came in until
    Treasurer, ICO    September 30, 2005. Decision to whom a fellowship can be awarded will be made by January 2006.
 The Fellowship-Program is still not known enough in many regions of the world. More equal distribution over the world of the applicants
 and of the hosting departments has to be attempted. Related to the huge number of people living in Central Asia, Far East, in Africa and in
 South America. IFOS/ICO should get much more applications for fellowships from these regions.
 About 60% funds for the Fellowship came from IFOS, the other 40% from pharmaceutical companies like Novartis and Santeen, NGO's
 like CBM, Rotary-Clubs, Pro Visus, Foundations and private sponsors, several of them stimulated by the Foundation of the International
 Council (ICO-F) to sponsor the fellowship program. Information on the fellowship project may be downloaded from (www.icoph.org)
 or http://www.icoph.org/fellow and asked for from
 Balder P. Gloor, M.D., Treasurer IFOS/ICO, Fellowship Coordinator
 Hinterbergstrasse 91, CH 8044 Zurich, Switzerland Tel.: 01 362 14 10;
 FAX: 01 362 14 24; e-mail: bgloor@access.unizh.ch


                                ARVO ESTABLISHES INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL GRANTS
                      The Board of Trustees of The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) recently established
                      50 new ARVO International Travel Grants for persons attending the ARVO Annual Meeting to present their research.
                      These grants include $1,000 for travel expenses plus coverage of Annual Meeting registration fees. Eligible
                      applicants must be residing and conducting research outside the United States and in full-time training or have
                      completed training after June 2002. Applications for an ARVO International Travel Grant are part of the 2006 ARVO
                      Online Abstract Submission program at www.arvo.org. Questions about the ARVO International Travel Grants
                      Program should be directed to Rhonda Williams at rwilliams@arvo.org.
    Robert Ritch
    Chief NYEEI    The ARVO International Travel Grants represent ARVO's efforts to increase support for its 5,000 members outside
  Member Advisory  the United States. Other initiatives include presenting the latest research-related educational programming
   Committee ICO   throughout the world in conjunction with other organizations, and the participation of international members in the
 governance of ARVO, such as service on ARVO committees and the Board of Trustees. All this information is provided by Dr Robert Ritch,
 New York.

                                INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION AGAINST TRACHOMA
                      Under the Presidentship of Dr Prof G. Coscas from France this organisation continues to keep up the awareness of
                      this disease which no doubt has receded in most parts of the world but still large number of pockets exist where it is
                      endemic. This organisation will hold a symposium on Trachoma in conjunction with session on Prevention of
                      Blindness at the WOC Brazil on 22nd Feb, 2006. Drs Serge Resnikoff and Rubens Belfort will co-chair the session
                      along with Dr G. Coscas.
                      ICO will like to encourage delegates to WOC to attend this session.
 Dr Prof G. Coscas


                                                       PAAO ACTIVITIES
                         On March 18-21, 2005 was held in Chile the XXV Pan American Congress of Ophthalmology. It was a very
                         successful event with an outstanding scientific program.
                         Also, the Pan American Association of Ophthalmology (PAAO) has reformatted its Prevention of Blindness
                         Committee including a representative from each country member of the Western Hemisphere. In Chile this
                         Committee had their first meeting. There were three main conclusions:
                         - To develop a National Plan on Prevention of Blindness in each country member.
 Francisco Contreras, MD - To include in the PAAO Regional Courses training in prevention of blindness and social ophthalmology..
  - The PAAO will issue a Declaration of Support to the Ophthalmologist, who is the most trained personnel to develop and lead the
  prevention of blindness programs.
 IFOS/ICO NEWS LETTER                       FUTURE WORLD OPHTHALMOLOGY CONGRESSES
    EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
 1. Dr.Akef EI Maghraby,          a.. 2008: Hong Kong, China, June 29 - July 3
     S.Arabia - MACO - Middle
     East African Council of      Co-sponsored by the ICO, Asia-Pacific Academy of Ophthalmology, Chinese Ophthalmological Society,
     Ophthalmology                College of Ophthalmologists of Hong Kong, and Hong Kong Ophthalmological Society
 2. Dr.A. Saim, Egypt - AACO      b.. 2010: Berlin, Germany, June 6 - 10
     Afro-Asian Council of
     Ophthalmology                Co-sponsored by the ICO and German Ophthalmological Society
 3. Dr.Reuben Belfort-Brazil-
     PAAO Pan American            c.. 2012: Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 10 - 13
     Association of               Co-sponsored by the ICO and American Academy of Ophthalmology-
     Ophthalmology
 4. Dr.Prof.L.Missotten, Europe
     - SOE Societas                FIRST CONGRESS OF AFGHANISTAN EYE DOCTORS SOCIETY
     Ophthalmologica Europaea
 5. Dr.Daud Khan-APAO Asia
                                  Congratulations from the International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) to the new Afghanistan Eye
     Pacific Academy of           Doctors Society on their first Congress on March 10th 2005 in Kabul. Afghani Minister of Health Dr. Sayed
     Ophthalmology                Mohammad Amin Fatimi spoke at the Congress, and 59 of the 80 ophthalmologists in Afghanistan
 6. Dr.G.O.H.Naumann              participated. The Congress approved the constitution of the Society and elected the leadership for one
 7. Dr.Bruce E. Spivey            year, including President Dr. M. Alem Qaher. Dr. A. Zia Aamoon (ziaaamoon2003@yahoo.com) will be
 8. Mr.Peter G. Watson            responsible for international relations.
 9. Dr.P.N.Nagpal
 10. Ms.Wendy Ovaitt-AAO          The Society's new leadership committee defined improvement of training programs as their top priority.


                            INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
                               ASSESSMENTS FOR OPHTHALMOLOGISTS
                      The testing of knowledge acquired during a period of training is at the heart of every educational process. Testing
                      ensures that the candidate has learned the appropriate material and that the information has been presented to the
                      candidate during his training.
                      Ophthalmology is a practical subject and the acquisition of knowledge is largely by apprenticeship; watching,
                       listening and performing all the techniques of the craft. However, to understand these techniques it is essential to
  Prof. Peter Watson   know not only the science on which they are based, but also to have a deep understanding of the structure, function
     Member, ICO       and malfunction of the eye and the diseases with which ocular disorders are associated. Only in this way can
   Chairman of the
Assessment Committee   ophthalmologist remain physicians and not merely technicians.
Since its inception over 10,000 candidates have taken the International Council of Ophthalmology Assessments. In the past 6 years
between 600 and 900 annually have taken the Basic Science Assessment, including Optics and Refraction and between 300 and 450
have progressed to take the Clinical Sciences Assessment. These high figures show the continuing need for Assessments which are of a
very high standard and require all the background knowledge needed to ensure that the doctor can be a competent ophthalmologist. The
possession of the certificate ensures that any future trainer, employer or colleague knows that this person has been studious and
conscientious and has persisted, in most cases under difficult circumstances, to acquire the knowledge needed to become an excellent
ophthalmologist. This sets him or her apart from those who feel that simply working for a period in a subject qualifies them to treat the
unsuspecting and gullible patient. Such people are dangerous and it is incumbent upon the International Council to ensure that no one
practices ophthalmology without adequate education.
Candidates from 60 countries have taken the International Council Assessments. Most of these candidates take the Assessments as
part of an educational programme in the institution where they work. Turkey used both the Basic Science Assessment and the Clinical
Sciences Assessment as the theoretical part of their national examination. Those possessing the theoretical part progress to perform an
objectively structured clinical examination (O.S.K.I.) before becoming accredited. Candidates also use the Assessment to obtain
promotion within departments or as proof of training when applying for posts elsewhere. The high standard is attested by the fact that
certain institutions such as Belgium and one of the Scottish Royal Colleges and Universities in Europe and Central and South America
allow candidates possessing the certificate to be exempt from part of their examinations.
Depending on demand, the Basic Science questions are translated from English into French, German, Portuguese, Spanish, Russian
and Turkish. The candidate is presented with the English and the translated version.
The Clinical Sciences Assessment is conducted in English only and consists of 200 multiple-choice questions with 4-stems to each
question of which one is true (or false). This paper is accompanied by clinical photographs, Hess Charts, Field Charts etc.. The paper
does not, however, aim to test competence and for this reason cannot be used on its own as a qualification to practice ophthalmology.
Each country or institution which uses the Clinical Assessment as part of their final examination also has an O.S.K.E., or face to face
examination with the candidates before allowing them be become accredited.
The International Council's Assessments have now been established and recognised as part of the education process for
ophthalmologist and will continue to ensure that a high standard of knowledge can be tested in a way which is totally independent of any
outside influence.


                                            VISION REQUIREMENTS FOR DRIVING
                      The Council would appreciate comments from IFOS members and other ophthalmologic leaders on the draft report on "Vision
                       Requirements for Driving Safety," prepared by ICO Committee on Standards Chairman Jean-Jacques DeLaey, MD, and
                       Standards Committee Member August Colenbrander, MD. The draft has been revised following the Council meeting in May and
                       is posted on the ICO Web site at: www.icoph.org/standards/driving.html.
                      It can be downloaded as a PDF file from: www.icoph.org/pdf/visionfordriving.pdf. The report recognizes the profound impact
                       vision requirements for driving have and the need to make them more uniform around the world. It evaluates:
                      a.. current visual requirements for obtaining a driver's license in various countries
    J. J. Delaey      b.. the literature on the relationship between vision and driving safety, and
        M.D.
    Member ICO        c.. ways to assess different visual functions that relate to driving ability.
We would particularly appreciate your comments on the recommendations, which are summarized at: www.icoph.org/standards/drivingrecs.html.
                                               TO ALL LEADERS OF OPHTHALMOLOGICAL SOCIETIES:
                                                 Are your members interested in volunteering internationally?
                                                 If yes, please make them aware of the Foundation of the American Academy of
                                                 O p h t h a l m o l o g y ' s n e w o n l i n e E y e C a r e Vo l u n t e e r R e g i s t r y ( E V R ) a t
                                                 www.eyecarevolunteer.org. The EVR matches eye care professionals who are interested in
                                                 volunteering in economically developing nations with volunteer sites that need assistance.
                                                 Registration in the EVR will allow them to search for a volunteer opportunity that matches their
                                                 skills and interests.
                                                 l Ophthalmologists will find information on suitable volunteer sites. They may then contact
                                                    organizations directly if they choose.
                                                 l Registered organizations and institutions may contact the ophthalmologists when they are
     Residents at University Eye Hospital, Kabul    searching the EVR for volunteers.
 l The information your members provide is secure, the privacy of their name, address, telephone, etc. is assured. They decide whether
      or not to provide it to organizations and institutions.
 If you have members who would like to become international EyeCare Volunteers, encourage them register now.
 Information provided by Ms Wendy Ovaitt of AAO

                                                              ICO FOUNDATION
                         The international Council of Ophthalmology Foundation Board of Directors, met at the University Club in Chicago,
                         Illinois, on October 16, 2005. The Foundation Directors gratefully acknowledged the support extended to the
                         Foundation by Corporations, Foundations and Individual Donors.
                         Contributions from these partners in philanthropy enabled the ICOFoundation to allocate funds in 2006 for ICO
                         programs to support Ophthalmology Resident and Specialist education, realize the advantages of electronic access
                         to medical information at Resident Training Centers in Nigeria, encourage registration for the Ophthalmology
  Bradley Straatsma      Knowledge Assessments by candidates from developing countries , and improve eye care through development of
      Chair ICO          Eye and Vision Care Guidelines.

                                          ASIA PACIFIC ACADEMY OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
                         The next meeting of APAO will be held at Singapore from 11 to 15th June, 2006 and expects 3000 delegates from 30
                         countries to attend. Eye Clinic Singapore (The largest private eye practice in Singapore) is celebrating it 40th
                         Anniversary - Prof Arthur Lim has been paid a special tribute in March, 2005 by ICO for his manifold contributions to
                         the developments around ophthalmology in Asia. He deserves all applause & congratulation.
   Prof. Arthur Lim      He has invited the member of AOI & ICO to the next meeting of APAO at Singapore.

                CARL ZEISS/IAPB TRAINING CENTER PROGRAM FOR VISION 2020
 Nigeria would be the beneficiary, in 2006, of part of the Carl Zeiss grant of $200,000, to the International Agency for the Prevention of
 Blindness (IAPB) to support establishment of a regional training center and cataract demonstration project in Ibadan, Nigeria. The grant is
 part of a five-year commitment Zeiss has made to the "VISION 2020: the Right to Sight" initiative to help develop one training center per
 region per year. Indonesia is the site for the first center, which is the focus this year, with Nigeria selected for the 2006 grant and Eastern
 Africa in 2007.
 India's Aravind Eye Care System will provide critical support for developing the training center in Nigeria, and a team from Aravind visited
 Ibadan to assess needs. Selected members of the Ibadan faculty center will participate in fellowship training at the Aravind hospital in
 Tamil Nadu, India to provide high quality/high volume cataract surgery and train other ophthalmologists to do likewise. Other faculty from
 Nigeria will receive subspecialty training at Aravind or other centers throughout the world, and nurses and managers will train together as
 a team at the Lions Aravind Institute of Community Ophthalmology in India. At the same time, IAPB will help the training center in Ibadan
 develop the needed facilities and infrastructure. When established, the Ibadan center will train ophthalmologists and their surgical teams
 from Nigeria and, eventually, other West African nations.


                           Academia Ophthalmologica Internationalis (AOI) News
                                          The last meeting at Florence, Italy on 12th May, 2005 was held with International meeting of Italian
                                          Ophthalmic Society (SOI) attended by 43 members. Prof. R. Barraquer, Prof F Bandello, Prof P.
                                          Sieving & Prof J Zhao were inducted into AOI. Prof. G. Lang, Prof. Shigeaki Ohno & Prof Miguel
                                          Burnier were elected as new members. They will be inducted next year.
                                          Bernardo Streiff Gold Medal of AOI was awarded to Prof. G. O. H. Naumann & will be presented at
                                          World Ophthalmology Congress (WOC), Sao Paulo.
  Paul Lichter, MD     Koichi Shimizu, MD AOI special scientific session on AMD was held at Italian Ophthalmic Society (SOI) meeting on
  Secretary AOI          President AOI    13th May, 2006.
 A session on Diagnostic Imaging was held at the joint meeting of European Ophthalmology Society (SOE) & German Ophthalmic
 Society at Berlin in Sept, 2006.

                         UPDATING INFORMATION ABOUT NATIONAL SOCIETIES
Soon ICO will publish its Directory of International Ophthalmology, which lists all of the national and international ophthalmologic societies
and residency programs in the world. It will be available at the World Ophthalmology Congress in February in Brazil. To make the Directory
accurate, we need up-to-date information from ophthalmologic societies. Please check your information at
http://www.icoph.org/soc/ifos.cfm. If the listing is not accurate, see http://www.icoph.org/soc/directory.html for information on how to
update it.
                             VISION 2020- PRESENT STATUS                                                                 PRESENT ICO
                    Countries that belong to the World Health Organization (WHO) are due to report by                    Gottfried O.H. Naumann, MD
                    May 2006 on their national plans in support of VISION 2020: The Right to Sight.                      President
                    In May 2003, the World Health Assembly (WHA) adopted a resolution urging all WHO                     Erlangen, GERMANY
                                                                                                                         fax: +499131 8534363
                    member states to set up national plans regarding the elimination of avoidable                        E Mail : fritznaumann@augen.med.
                    blindness by the year 2020, to establish a national coordinating committee for VISION                uni-erlangen.de
                    2020, and to start implementation of the action plan by 2007, at the latest. Nations are             Mark O.M. Tso, MD
                    due to report on their plans and progress by May.                                                    Vice President
     G N Rao MD                                                                                                          Hong Kong, China and Baltimore,
    President IAPB  As Serge Resnikoff, MD, PhD, who heads the WHO's Prevention of Blindness and
                    Deafness efforts, told the Council at our meeting in May, the WHA resolution provides                USA
     Member ICO                                                                                                          fax: (410) 614-1114
an excellent opportunity for advocacy by national ophthalmologic societies and involvement in definition                 E Mail : matso@jhmi.edu
of national plans. This report on "The State of the World Sight" was released globally on World Sight Day                Bruce E. Spivey, MD
which was 13 October this year. World Sight Day of course is on the second Thursday of October and is                    Secretary-General
celebrated around the world to mark the importance of vision and the work that is being done to preserve                 San Francisco, CA 94133, USA
and restore vision.                                                                                                      fax: (415) 409-8403
                                                                                                                         E Mail : bruce@spivey.org
The report of the State of the World's Sight shows that for the first time ever the number of people who are
                                                                                                                         Balder Gloor, MD
blind in the world has actually decreased. In 1995 there were some 45 million people blind and the figures               Treasurer
were projected to increase to 55 million in 2005. In fact, data that WHO have prepared show the number                   Zurich, SWITZERLAND
has dropped to 37.8 million. This is a particularly significant figure as it shows that our strategies are               fax: +41 44 362 1424
working and that we can actually reduce the number of people who are blind. This has great ramifications.                E Mail : bgloor@acces.unizh.ch
Much of the reduction in blindness is due to the tremendous work done in India and elsewhere in the
increasing volume of cataract surgery and increasing cataract surgery rate. Significant advances have                    Members:
                                                                                                                         Richard L. Abbott, MD
also been made in reducing corneal blindness, particularly that due to trachoma.
                                                                                                                         UNITED STATES
Ophthalmologists obviously have a leading role in the work of Vision 2020, they should be informed of the                Jean Paul Adenis, MD
work that is being done and the achievements being made around the world and the way that they can                       FRANCE
personally contribute by simple advocacy with their patients and contacts, particularly those with policy                Selwa A.F. Al-Hazzaa, MD
makers and community leaders. We should also encourage national societies and regional groups to                         SAUDI ARABIA
                                                                                                                         Adenike Aboise, MD
include a Vision 2020 update session in any national or regional meetings.
                                                                                                                         NIGERIA
For suggestions on how to work within your country, see:                                                                 Rubens Belfort, MD
www.v2020.org/toolkit/Toolkit2/contents/0.04.htm.                                                                        BRAZIL
                                                                                                                         Ian Constable, MD
You can download the WHA resolution at www.v2020.org/toolkit/Toolkit2/documents/WHA56.26.pdf.
                                                                                                                         AUSTRALIA
India has committed $25 million per year for the next five years.                                                        Rafael Cortez, MD
                                                                                                                         VENEZUELA
                                                                                                                         Daniel Etya'ale, MD
                               Minimal Standards for                                                                     SWITZERLAND
                                                                                                                         Jean-Jaques DeLaey, MD
                         Residency Training in Latin America                                                             BELGIUM
                      The Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology (PAAO) and Pan-American                              August F. Deutman, MD
                                                                                                                         THE NETHERLANDS
                      Council of University Professors in Ophthalmology (PACUPO) have defined                            Akef EI-Maghraby, MD
                      minimum standards for residency training in Latin America.                                         SAUDI-ARABIA
                      "Requisitos Mínimos para una Residencia en Oftalmología" can be downloaded                         Gullapalli N. Pao
                      from the PAAO Web site:                                                                            INDIA
                                                                                                                         Peter Hardy-Smith, MD
      Enrique         l as a PDF file: www.paao.org/pdf/reqminres.pdf (36 KB) or                                         AUSTRALIA
     Graue, MD
  Member ACICO        l as a Word (.doc) file: www.paao.org/doc/reqminres.doc (68 KB).                                   H. Dunbar Hoskins Jr., MD
The ICO's "Guidelines and Standards for Education of an Ophthalmologist: A Curricular Outline" are                       UNITED STATES
                                                                                                                         M. Daud Khan, MD
available on the ICO Eye Site at www.icoph.org/ed/resgui.html and can be download as a PDF from                          PAKISTAN
www.icoph.org/pdf/icocurricres.pdf (365 KB).                                                                             Dennis S. C. Lam
The purpose of the ICO Residency Curriculum Guidelines is to describe a broad-based curriculum for                       HONGKONG
basic, standard and advanced levels of ophthalmic training. They are intended to be adapted as                           Paul R. Lichter, MD
appropriate for use in different countries and cultures.                                                                 UNITED STATES
                                                                                                                         Christian Luco, MD
                                                                                                                         CHILE
                      National Eye Institute Launches                                                                    Frank J. Martin, MD
              David G. Cogan Ophthalmic Pathology Collection                                                             AUSTRALIA
                                                                                                                         Zdenek J. Gregor
The National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), announced a new online resource for   ENGLAND
pathologists, ophthalmologists, optometrists, and students. The David G. Cogan Ophthalmic Pathology Collection,          Pran Nath Nagpal, MD
a study and teaching collection of clinical ophthalmic cases and their pathology, is now available worldwide from the    INDIA
NEI Website at http://www.nei.nih.gov.                                                                                   Koichi Shimizu, MD
"The Cogan Collection will serve as a critical component to further our understanding of eye diseases and their          JAPAN
treatments," said NEI director Paul A. Sieving, M.D., Ph.D. "Knowledge of pathology is absolutely essential to the       Abdel Latif Siam, MD
overall study and understanding of eye diseases. The Cogan Collection has the enormous potential to impact the           EGYPT
teaching of ophthalmic pathology and clinical ophthalmology with the resultant improvement in diagnosis and              Alfred Sommer, MD
                                                                                                                         UNITED STATES
treatment of patients."
                                                                                                                         Bradley R. Straatsma, MD
                                                                                                                         UNITED STATES
                   OSN “DEFINES VISION FOR THE FUTURE”                                                                   Peter G. Watson, MD
                      AND ESTABLISHES FOUNDATION                                                                         ENGLAND
                                                                                                                         Zbigniew Zagorski, MD
Inspired by the International Council of Ophthalmology's “Vision for the Future” (www.icoph.org/prev/plan.html),         POLAND
the Ophthalmological Society of Nigeria (OSN) has defined its own “Vision for the Future Nigeria”, which is a            Honorary President for Life
roadmap to enable the country achieve the objectives of VISION 2020: The Right To Sight.                                 Akira Nakajima, MD
The Vision was presented at the 30th Annual Scientific Conference of OSN at Abeokuta in September, 2005 and              JAPAN
also launched the "OSN Foundation," which aims to raise and manage funds to support these activities.                    Honorary Life Member
                                                                                                                         Benjamin F. Boyd, MD
You can download the “Vision for the Future Nigeria” from www.icoph.org/pdf/visionforthefuturenigeria.pdf
                                                                                                                         PANAMA
and more information on the OSN Foundation from www.icoph.org/pdf/OSNFoundation.pdf.
   With Best Compliments from
    Carl Zeiss India Pvt.Ltd.

       Cataract, Retina,Glaucoma,Refractive.
                               Contact us at
       Carl Zeiss India Pvt.Ltd. No 22,Kensington Road,Ulsoor,Bangalore 560 008
       Phone-:080 25578888 e mail-: medindia@zeiss.co.in http-:www.zeiss.co.in


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