Chapter 12 Antebellum Culture and Reform by lanyuehua

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									                             Chapter 12: Antebellum Culture and Reform

I. Introduction: Read the introduction on p. 319

Main Themes
1. How American intellectuals developed a national culture committed to the liberation of the
human spirit.
2. How this commitment to the liberation of the human spirit led to and reinforced the reform
impulse of the period.
3. How the crusade against slavery became the most powerful element in this reform
movement.

Learning Objectives
A thorough study of Chapter Twelve should enable the student to understand:

                How the romantic impulse impacted the arts and ideas in America.
                How visions of utopia and new religious ideas challenged traditional values and
                 institutions.
                The new movements and organizations that sought to remake or reform
                 society.
                How the abolitionist movement became the most powerful element in the
                 reform movement
                How anti-abolitionism rose to importance in the South.
                The split in then abolitionist movement between those advocating gradual
                 emancipation and those demanding an immediate end to slavery.
                The impact of Harrier Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin had on the
                 abolitionist movement.

II. Chapter Outline: The evidence of history (Complete an outline of the chapter using an outline
style of your choice. This outline must be hand-written by you. You may not get assistance from
another student on this outline.) You should know how the following terms, people, groups, issues,
and events relate to this period of American History.

The Romantic Impulse (p. 320-326)
the “sublime”     Hudson River School         “wild nature”     Albert Bierstadt           Thomas Moran
Sir Walter Scott “sentimental novels”         James Fenimore Cooper              “Leatherstocking Tales”
Walter Whitman Leaves of Grass                Herman Melville           Edgar Allan Poe “The Raven”
Southern Romanticism       William Gilmore Simms Mark Twain             transcendentalists
“understanding”            cultivation of “reason”     “transcend”      Ralph Waldo Emerson
“Nature”          “Self-Reliance”             “Oversoul”        “The American Scholar”
Henry David Thoreau        Walden             “Resistance to Civil Government” “civil disobedience”
utopia            Brook Farm         George Ripley Nathaniel Hawthorne           The Blithedale Romance
The Scarlet Letter         The House of Seven Gables            egotism          New Harmony
Robert Owen       Margaret Fuller Woman in the Nineteenth Century The Oneida Community
“Perfectionists” Shakerism           Mother Ann Lee and Mother Lucy Wright Joseph Smith
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints            Mormons          The Book of Mormon
“New Jerusalem”            Brigham Young Utah          Salt Lake City

Remaking Society (p. 326-334)
reform             Second Great Awakening           New Light revivalists     Charles Grandison Finney
“burned-over district”     temperance       American Society for the Promotion of Temperance
Washington Temperance Society self-improvement               cholera epidemics         health boards
“water cure”       “Graham cracker”         phrenology       Edward Jenner William Morton
contagion          Horace Mann     public education          assimilation     Benevolent Empire
social values for children “asylums”        Dorothea Dix     “penitentiary”   “friendless women”
Indian reservation         feminism         Sarah and Angelina Grimké         Lucretia Mott



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Elizabeth Cady Stanton Susan B. Anthony              Seneca Falls convention
“Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions”          separate “spheres”         Elizabeth Blackwell

The Crusade Against Slavery (p. 334-341)
American Colonization Society       manumission       Liberia           colonization
William Lloyd Garrison the Liberator         “gradualism”     American Antislavery Society
Theodore Dwight Weld abolitionism            squalor          David Walker       Sojourner Truth
Frederick Douglass        fugitive slave laws         “Temple of Liberty”        reprisals
moderate versus extremists          the Amistad case          “free soil”        John Brown
Angelina Grimké           Harriet Beecher Stowe       Uncle Tom’s Cabin

Conclusion (p. 341) Read this!

Short Essays. Answer these questions.

1. What exactly was the "romantic impulse" and what did it mean for American culture?

2. What role did this "romantic impulse" play in shaping the reform movements of the
antebellum era? What other changes in American society sparked the drive for reform and
why?

3. In what ways was the abolitionist movement similar to the other reform movements
discussed in this chapter? How was it different?




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