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 Myotis in the Rain Forest
 Myotis sp.:
 A bat takes flight during an evening in May. When hunting, a bat can snatch over
 600 insects an hour.

 Stonefly Larva                        Habitat: found in cold, clear streams and creeks
 order Plecoptera

Big-Leaf Maples                                               Location: Hoh Rain Forest
Acer macophyllum                                              Date: November 13, 1999
 After all of the leaves have drifted from the rain forest's deciduous trees, many
 display their true form. Gnarly and heavily laden with moss mats and ferns, big-
 leaf maples add character to a drizzly winter.

 The Needles, Mount Clark,
 and Mount Deception

                                                                Order: Rodentia
 Olympic yellow-pine chipmunk
                                                          Habitat: Rocky slopes,
 Tamias amoenus caurinus
                                                            subalpine and alpine
  Because of years of isolation, an array of endemic mammals populate the upper
 regions of the Olympic Mountains. The yellow-pine chipmunk is one of the more
 abundant of these special species.

 San Joaquin:
 Due to feeding by harvester ants, birds, and rodents; it is not obvious that the area on the
 far side of the fence is part of an area where livestock had been excluded for several
 decades. The area on the near side of the fence was an experimental pasture that
 intentionally was being closely grazed by cattle. Photo 4 (fence)

 Three sisters:
 Aerial view, the Three Sisters volcanoes in Oregon, from the south looking north.
 Left to right -- South Sister, Middle Sister, and North Sister.
 USGS Photograph taken in September 1985 by Lyn Topinka

 Looking west across the Deschutes River to the Three Sisters from near Redmond,
 central Oregon. Photo courtesy of the Oregon State Highway Department.

 Rhyodacite lava flow near Sparks Lake. South of South Sister. Photograph by
 Steve Mattox, August 1987

 Photo 1: North and Middle Sister from Eileen Lake, photo taken by Kraig
Photo 2: Middle Sister taken from the Obsididan Area, photo taken by Kraig
Photo 3: Three Sisters, photo taken by Sonja Weber.

Virgin Island:
St. Thomas: Lindbergh bay - iguana at the Best Western Carib beach resort
Hassel Island and fort ruins. Photo by U.S. Virgin Islands Division of Tourism and
Virgin Islands National Park.

Virginia Coast:

The shipwreck on the beach of Parramore Island is most likely the Esk. Shipwrecks on
the Virginia Coast by Richard and Julie Pouliot, reports that the 148 ton schooner Esk
wrecked on Sept. 7. 1888, two miles south of Parramore Beach Station. All seven
crewmen were saved although the the ship was a total loss (valued at $7500). She was
transporting a cargo of dyewood (valued at $3500) from Maracaibo, Venezuela to
Providence, Rhode Island under a master named Watt. The home port of the Esk was
Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.

Despite the depredations of souvenir hunters, worms, rust and shifting sand, substantial
portions of the wreck remain, a tribute to the oak timbers that make up her frame and the
iron fittings that reinforce them.

Hawaiian Islands
View north-northeast across Kilauea's summit caldera and Halema`uma`u crater (left of center)

Like a leaky faucet ... " lava drips into the ocean.. USGS photo 08/04/2004
Lava is currently entering the ocean and lava breakouts may be viewed by capable hikers.
photo by Jon Castro 01/18/2005

A healthy environment is important to the oyster industry

The salt pool at Badwater is fed by springs at the base of the Black Mountains.
Salt "Hexagons" just south of Badwater.

Santee Coastal Reserve, South Carolina
Cape Romain:

Sow with cubs on Funter Bay tide flats
Photo by Joe Giefer

Whales bubble-net feeding
Photo by Peter Metcalfe
                                  Skunk Cabbage on nature trail
                                       Photo by Sue Kraft


The Ruins of Karnak are one of the highlights of Mammoth Dome.

Gypsum formations in the Cave take on many bizarre forms, like this gypsum "flower."

The Natural Entrance as seen from inside the Cave.

Scientists continue to probe the mysteries of the underground at Mammoth Cave.

The Historic, or Natural, Entrance is perhaps the best known sight in the park.

Limestone is the most common rock in the park, and the foundation of the caves.

Southern Appalachian:


At 5,964 feet, Grandfather Mountain is the highest peak in the Blue Ridge
range. Visible 40 miles south across the clouds is Mt. Mitchell, elv.
6,684, highest peak in Eastern America. Early explorers thought
Grandfather was the taller of the two because it rises so abruptly from the
valley floor, falling off more than 3,000 feet to the Catawba River basin
in the East. The extreme change in elevation makes Grandfather home to 16
distinct ecological communities in less than 5,000 acres and habitat for at
least 66 rare and endangered species.


Grandfather Mountain (SAMAB) has 11 trails varying in difficulty from a
gentle walk in the woods to a rigorous trek across rugged peaks. It is in
the backcountry that you come up against the more challenging hikes.
Grandfather's backcountry is very different from other areas in the South.
Trails take you through forests usually found in Canadian climates. Many
of the trails use ladders and cables to climb sheer cliff faces.

Perhaps the most popular hike for families is the half-day trek to and from
MacRae Peak. Every person that completes the one-mile hike out to MacRae
comes back overwhelmed by the feeling of accomplishment. In fact, surveys
show that visitors who choose this hike say that it was the one part of
their day that added the most value to their visit.
(See attached file: SAMAB_snowday.jpg)(See attached file:

Golden Gate:

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve, a unit of the Golden Gate Biosphere
Reserve, supports a broad range of research projects. The photo
shows Will Cornwell, Stanford graduate student, working with Angela
Moles (from Macquarie University in Australia), the principal
investigator for The World Herbivory Project ( Jasper
Ridge hosts 3 sites for this global study to try and answer the
question of whether interactions between plants and animals are more
intense in the tropics than at higher latitudes. The interactions
studied are herbivory, pre-dispersal seed predation, and
post-dispersal seed removal. Understanding the factors that affect
these interactions will help us manage ecosystems in the face of
global change, and will help us determine whether intense
interactions between species contribute to the great diversity of
tropical ecosystems.

Picture title: Acoustic Monitoring of Congaree National Park
Caption: Helium balloon carries automated recording device over Congaree National
Park to detect vocalizations of wildlife species of special concern.
Credit: NPS photo

Picture title: Citizen Scientists in Action at Congaree National Park
Caption: Students from Sandhills Middle School maintain communication signal with
remote controlled NASA airplane while it collects data on Congaree National Park’s
vegetation communities using digital and infrared cameras.
Credit: NPS photo

Picture title: Bat Inventory of Congaree National Park
Caption: Researchers collect data on the bats of Congaree National Park
Credit: NPS photo
Picture title: Population Assessment of Rare Carolina Bogmint at Congaree National Park
Caption: Citizen science volunteer collects seeds from rare plants at Congaree National
Park. Credit: NPS photo

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