Appleton Bike Lanes Network

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					2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                                3/18/2011




                              Integrating Bike Lanes 
                              into Your Existing 
                              Transportation Network
                              Case Study: Appleton, WI
                               2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual 
                               Conference
                               WisDOT ID 4984‐06‐00


                                                              Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                      2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                                            Agenda
                   •   Rationale
                   •   Process
                   •   Findings
                   •   Outcomes




                                                              Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                      2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                       1
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                              3/18/2011




                           Case Study: Appleton, WI




                   • Population: 71,000 est.

                                                            Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                    2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                       Rationale for Developing a Plan

                   •      pac ode s a e
                       Impact mode share
                   •   Environmental benefits
                   •   Economic benefits
                   •   Recreation
                   •   Increase safety
                   •   Standardize designs
                       Standardize designs
                   •   Improves opportunities for
                       outside funding

                                                            Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                    2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                     2
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                                 3/18/2011




                          Rationale ‐ Equity and Choice

                      ccess s a u da e a eed
                   • Access is a fundamental need –
                     regardless of volume
                   • 1/3 of the population does not 
                     drive a motor vehicle
                      –   Children
                      –         y
                          Elderly
                      –   Disabled
                      –   Economically disadvantaged
                   • Mode choice
                                                               Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                       2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                                   Rationale ‐ Safety
                   • 1,200 bicycle crashes in 
                     Wisconsin annually 
                     Wi       i        ll
                     (reported)
                   • Designing bicycle‐specific 
                     infrastructure reduces injury 
                     and crash risk.  Bike lanes 
                     reduce injury and crash risks 
                     by 50%.

                                                               Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                       2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                        3
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                                3/18/2011




                    Rationale – Finances and Health
                   • Americans spend 18 cents out of every dollar 
                        t       t ti
                     on transportation.
                   • 32% of American adults are obese
                   • 55% of American adults fall short of activity 
                     guidelines
                       43% of people with safe places to walk within 10 
                     – 43% of people with safe places to walk within 10
                       minutes met recommended activity levels

                                                                         completestreets.org

                                                             Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                     2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                       Rationale – Economic Impact
                   • STATE: A 2010 study values the economic 
                     i      t f bi l          ti    dt i i
                     impact of bicycle recreation and tourism in 
                                                                              1
                     Wisconsin to be over $920M annually
                   • LOCAL: A 1998 study found that lots adjacent 
                     to the Mountain‐Bay Trail in Brown County 
                     sold faster and for an average of 9% more
                                                 g
                     than similar property not located next to the 
                     trail
                                                 1 Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies



                                                             Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                     2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                       4
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                                3/18/2011




                       Rationale – Local Connections
                   • Bike routes established in adjacent 
                               iti
                     communities
                   • Trails Advisory Committee working to 
                     establish off‐road multiuse paths
                   • Existing programs (Appleton School District 
                      Lifestyle Enhancement Program etc)
                     “Lifestyle Enhancement Program”, etc)
                   • Other active organizations looking to connect 
                     local bicycle networks (Fox Cities Greenways, etc) 

                                                              Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                      2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                           Rationale ‐ State Funding
                   WisDOT:
                   ‐ Transportation Enhancements (TE)
                          p                          ( )
                   ‐ Safe Routes to School (SRTS)
                   ‐ Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities  
                     Program (BPFP)

                   DNR:
                   ‐ Stewardship ADLP

                   …All require or encourage a plan to be prepared 
                    as a condition of funding

                                                              Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                      2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                       5
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                               3/18/2011




                                Process ‐ Funding
                   • In 2005, the Bicycle and Healthy Lifestyles Group 
                     f     d     i       i bi l               d ti
                     focused on increasing bicycle accommodations
                   • In 2006, asked for Bicycle Master Plan 
                   • In 2008, Appleton applied for a Bicycle and 
                     Pedestrian Facilities Program (BPFP) grant 
                     (
                     (WisDOT) )
                   • Project awarded – plan adopted December 2010


                                                          Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                  2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                          Process ‐ Plan Objectives
                   • Identify desirable bicycle routes
                     Develop a detailed facility plan
                   • Develop a detailed facility plan
                   • Provide recommendations including                Sample Wayfinding Sign

                     on‐street routes, signage, and 
                     marketing
                   • Outline projects, priorities, costs, 
                     and funding sources
                   • Recommend specific education and 
                     promotion approaches to grow non‐
                     motorized transportation in 
                     Appleton
                                                          Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                  2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                      6
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                                  3/18/2011




                            Process ‐ Stakeholders
                   • City Staff
                   • Stakeholder Committee
                     • Police, WisDOT, Appleton Area 
                       School District, Fox Cities 
                       Greenways, ECWRPC, Transit, 
                       Appleton Bike & Fitness, etc.
                     Municipal Services 
                   • Municipal Services
                     Committee
                   • Public Information Meetings
                                                                Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                        2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                       Process – Existing Resources
                   • Trails maps
                   • Riverfront trails plan
                   • Committee on‐street 
                     routes (loosely drawn)
                   • Connections to other 
                     communities
                   • Bridges/Overpasses

                                                                Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                        2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                         7
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                      3/18/2011




                                     Findings…




                                                    Integrating Bike Lanes
                                            2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                                     Findings…
                   • Policy needs
                     • Intersections
                     • Sidewalks
                     • On‐street parking




                                                    Integrating Bike Lanes
                                            2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                             8
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                                               3/18/2011




                                       Findings…
                   • Parking Lanes




                                                                    Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                         2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                                       Findings…
                   • BLOS                        BLOS Score Range
                                                 <1.50
                                                                      Level of Service
                                                                      A
                                                                                         Compatibility Level
                                                                                         Extremely High
                                                 1.51-2.50            B                  Very High

                     •   Number of Lanes         2.51-3.50
                                                 3.51-4.50
                                                                      C
                                                                      D
                                                                                         Moderately High
                                                                                         Moderately Low
                                                 4.51-5.50            E                  Very Low

                     •   Width of outside lane   >5.50                F                  Extremely Low



                     •   AADT
                     •   Posted speed limit
                     •   % heavy vehicles
                         % heavy vehicles
                     •   PASER
                     •   Zoning

                                                                    Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                         2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                                      9
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                      3/18/2011




                                     Findings…
                   • Field Analysis Map
                     Scheduled Projects
                   • S h d l dP j t




                                                    Integrating Bike Lanes
                                            2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                          Outcome ‐ Bicycle Routes




                                                    Integrating Bike Lanes
                                            2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                            10
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                        3/18/2011




                             Outcome ‐ Routes…
                   • Routes are designated 
                     bikeways
                     bikeways 
                   • Bicyclists are not 
                     required to use routes
                   • Routes are good for 
                     new users and to link 
                     major destinations
                     major destinations
                   • Majority of the Bike 
                     Network will be 
                     “routes” (signs only)
                                                      Integrating Bike Lanes
                                              2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                             Outcome ‐ Routes…




                                                      Integrating Bike Lanes
                                              2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                              11
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                          3/18/2011




                             Outcome ‐ Routes…
                   • Proposed Routes




                                                        Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                            Outcome ‐ Bike Lanes
                   • Bike lane markings 
                     provide greater comfort 
                     for bicyclists
                   • Clearly delineate where 
                     bicycles can operate
                     One‐way facilities
                   • One way facilities
                   • Generally 5’ wide


                                                        Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                12
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                  3/18/2011




                           Outcome ‐ Bike Lanes




                                                Integrating Bike Lanes
                                        2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                          Outcome ‐ Bike Lanes…




                                                Integrating Bike Lanes
                                        2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                        13
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                          3/18/2011




                           Outcome ‐ Bike Lanes…
                   • Typical Cross Sections (moving the paint)




                                                        Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                           Outcome ‐ Bike Lanes…
                   • Typical Cross Sections (moving the paint)




                                                        Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                14
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                           3/18/2011




                           Outcome ‐ Bike Lanes…
                   • Typical Cross Sections (moving the paint)




                                                         Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                 2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                           Outcome ‐ Bike Lanes…
                   • Typical Cross Sections (insufficient width)




                                                         Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                 2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                 15
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                           3/18/2011




                           Outcome ‐ Bike Lanes…
                   • Typical Cross Sections (insufficient width)




                                                         Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                 2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                         Outcome – Bicycle Parking




                                                         Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                 2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                 16
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                      3/18/2011




                               Implementation…
                   • Improvements 
                     T bl
                     Table
                     – Term (5‐year 
                       increments)
                     – Facility
                     – Cost




                                                    Integrating Bike Lanes
                                            2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                               Implementation…
                   • Improvements Phasing Map




                                                    Integrating Bike Lanes
                                            2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                            17
2011 APA-WI / WI-ASLA Conference                                                              3/18/2011




                                Implementation…




                                 31  miles (bike lanes)
                                 40 il
                                +40  miles (bike routes – signs only)
                                 71  miles 
                                 total on‐street bicycle network
                                                            Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                    2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




                              Contact Information


                   Reed Dunbar, AICP
                   SAA Design Group, Inc.
                   (608) 255‐0800
                   rdunbar@saa‐madison.com




                                                            Integrating Bike Lanes
                                                    2011 APA‐WI / WI‐ASLA Annual Conference




SAA Design Group                                                                                    18

				
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