Docstoc

AP Synthesis Essay PowerPoint Survey

Document Sample
AP Synthesis Essay PowerPoint Survey Powered By Docstoc
					                                AP Synthesis Essay PowerPoint Survey

THE PROMPT

1. What should you do to this prompt? Read it carefully and underline the words that tell you what
   you must do

       Introduction

       The Advanced Placement (AP) Program began in the 1950s as a way for advanced students to
       earn college credit while still in high school. In recent years, the Challenge Index, a score
       generated by dividing the total number of AP exams taken each year by the total number of
       graduating seniors, has been used by Newsweek to identify America’s best high schools. But is
       this calculation a valid measure of a high school’s quality, and what impact could this index have
       on America’s secondary schools? Does the index encourage actual academic achievement or
       simply enable schools to benefit from the appearance of academic achievement?

       Assignment

       Read the following sources (including any introduction information) carefully. Then, in an essay
       that synthesizes at least three of the sources for support, take a position that defends,
       challenges, or qualifies the claim that the Challenge Index is a valuable tool for identifying and
       ranking America’s best high schools.

THE SOURCES

3. Where the author presents evidence in favor of the claim, place a √

   Where the evidence opposes, write an X

   (Now, do this to the sources you were provided for the AP Essay Prompt above)

4. How should the visual source be used? What does this mean? Use the source to help you prove
   your point

   What is the visual source from the AP Essay Sources that you were provided? How do you plan on
   using this source? D

5. How should you assess the validity of the 6 or 7 sources presented to you? When it was published,
   Where it came from, Who its readers were likely to be, What its purpose was, How objectively it was
   written
   What sources are you going to use? A, B, E
                                                         T-Chart

         My Position: I defend the Challenge Index

Source   Defs   Chalgs   Central Argument            Interesting D.Q , Line     Interesting I.Q., Line    My thoughts
    A    X      X        Good grades on AP tests     “It is a radical change,   As Source A               Schools that offer
                         significantly increase      and many teachers say      indicates, the            more AP courses to
                         chances of earning          it makes as much sense     number of students,       students are helping
                         college degrees.            as recruiting the chess    especially those in       them be successful
                                                     club to play football.”    disadvantaged             in college by
                                                     (Source A)                 neighborhoods,            challenging their
                                                                                taking the AP exam is     critical thinking
                                                                                increasing.               abilities.
   B     X               The list is journalism,     “…cannot reach even        The Challenge Index,      The Challenge Index
                         not scholarship             the modest standard of     as Jay Matthews           is intended to be an
                                                     one college-level test,    states in Source B, is    indicator as to what
                                                     on average, for every      intended to be            high schools are
                                                     graduating senior”         reading material, not     offering rigorous
                                                     (Source B)                 the end all, be all for   courses and which
                                                                                research on               ones are not.
                                                                                America’s top
                                                                                schools.
   E            X        When the academic           “Advanced Placement        In his summary in         Colleges are more
                         intensity and quality of    course taking is more      Source E, Clifford        partial towards
                         one's high school           strongly correlated        Adelman states that       students who take
                         curriculum is such a        with bachelor's degree     schools are               AP courses, whether
                         dominant determinant        completion than it is      equipping their           they pass the exam
                         of degree completion,       with college access.       students for              or not.
                         and both test scores        [pp. 19-20]” (Source E)    academic success by
                         and high school grade                                  providing rigor
                         point average or class                                 offered in AP
                         rank are so much                                       courses.
                         weaker contributors to
                         attainment, college
                         admissions formulas
                         that emphasize test
                         scores and high school
                         grade point average or
                         class rank are likely to
                         result in lower degree
                         completion rates.
                                          WRITING THE ESSAY

1. What are two things you should do when introducing your position? (Opposite of what is on the
   slide) Don’t overstate yourself and be clear

2. Now, devise your thesis The Challenge Index is a valid way to rank high schools.

3. What are the ways in which you can open your synthesis essay (introduction hook)? Question,
   Provocative Statement, Anecdote, Quote from prompt

    Which of these will you use to introduce your essay? Question

4. Now devise your introduction hook: Should a school be ranked by the number of students assessed
   on a test or the proficiency of the student’s comprehension and recall of the material being taught?

5. Which one of these is considered “faulty reasoning” and why?

    a. The quality of education improves when students are homogeneously grouped. Because you
    are making an opinion a fact without proof.

    b. Homogeneous classes usually offer more stimulation.

6. How many reasons should you have that support your thesis? 3

    What three reasons will you use to support your thesis?

    1) Schools that offer more AP courses to students are helping them be successful in college by
    challenging their critical thinking abilities.

    2) The Challenge Index is intended to be an indicator as to what high schools are offering rigorous
    courses and which ones are not.

    3) Colleges are more partial towards students who take AP courses, whether they pass the exam or
    not.

7. You MUST provide a counterargument. How can you refute an opposing viewpoint?

       A paragraph or more that points out weaknesses in the evidence that may be used by someone
        who disagrees with your position.
       You must anticipate the arguments that a prospective opponent might use to support a claim
        contrary to yours
      Not essential but a counterargument is recommended
      Adds punch to your argument

8. Now provide counterarguments to at least 6 assertions made in your sources (2 per source)

   1. Assertion: “It is a radical change, and many teachers say it makes as much sense as recruiting
      the chess club to play football.”

       Counterargument: Ms. Donnison is mistaken when saying that students should not be
       challenged above their thinking ability. School is all about being taught to learn so if students
       are not being taught to learn more, then why even go to school?

   2. Assertion: Students shouldn’t be enrolled in AP classes if they are struggling or are being
      challenged.

       Counterargument: School is all about challenging oneself and just because one student stays up
       late working on school assignments doesn’t mean that they are average; they are challenged.

   3. Assertion: Challenge Index has negative consequences for American high schools

       Counterargument: The Challenge Index is intended to be reading material that could enlighten
       readers of Newsweek on the rigor or lack of being taught at schools.

   4. Assertion: “Challenged Index: Why Newsweek’s List of America’s 100 Best High Schools Doesn’t
      Make the Grade.”

       Counterargument: . The Challenge Index is clearly not a tool that should be used to rank schools
       based on the academic proficiencies; if this was so, it would be called the Proficiency Index.

   5. Assertion: The fact that high school students have taken AP courses does not have that much of
      an impact on college entrance as it does on degree attainment

       Counterargument There is some inaccuracy in this claim in that colleges tend to favor students
       that have taken AP courses. This is because these students are familiar with college level work
       and understand the sacrifice that goes into doing this work. It is probably safe to say that
       higher learning institutions are more interested in admitting students that fall into this category.

   6. Assertion: When a student’s ranks low in the class and has a low GPA the degree attainment for
      the student is low.

       Counterargument: There are several students that are not ranked in the top of their high
       school class, but went on to obtain degrees and in complicated fields like medicine and law. For
       example, Ben Carson [prolific brain surgeon] was ranked in the lower percentile of his high
       school graduating class.
9. Give a brief description of irrelevant testimony. Testimony from someone that is incredible or does
   not have the authority to witness.

10. What testimony will you use in your essay (if there is one)? “How much of a favor are we doing
    these youngsters?”

11. Give a brief description of snob appeal and an example. Only writing to appeal to a certain group or
    side.

    Why shouldn’t you use this in your writing? Because it may offend your reader; they may not be
    included in this group.

12. Give an example of circular reasoning. Simply, redefining the term

    Why shouldn’t you use this in your writing? It shows a lower level of writing

13. What is the absence of proof? Making a claim without adequate proof

    Why shouldn’t you use this in your writing? Because it gives faulty reasoning

14. What is oversimplification? Reducing an issue to its simplest form

    Why shouldn’t you use this in your writing? It is neither logical nor helpful to reduce a controversial
    and complex issue to a simple platitude.

15. What is the simplest and most obvious way to use a source in your essay? To state your position and
    back it up with an idea pulled out of the source.

16. Now, introduce your assertions by correctly citing it (REFER TO #11)

    Assertion 1 According to Ms. Donnison in Source A, she says that coercing average students to be
    AP students is “…a radical change, and many teachers say it makes as much sense as recruiting the
    chess club to play football.”

    Assertion 2 Based on Ms. Donnison, students shouldn’t be enrolled in AP classes if they are
    struggling or are being challenged (Source A).

    Assertion 3 In Source B, Sara Mead and Andrew Rotherham claim that ther Challenge Index has
    negative consequences for American high schools

    Assertion 4 In Source B, Sara Mead and Andrew Rotherham have entitled their article to dispute
    the Challenge Index, “Challenged Index: Why Newsweek’s List of America’s 100 Best High Schools
    Doesn’t Make the Grade.”

    Assertion 5 Clifford Adelman, in Source E, asserts that the fact that high school students have taken
    AP courses does not have that much of an impact on college entrance as it does on degree
    attainment
    Assertion 6 Adelman goes even further to state that when a student’s ranks low in the class and
    has a low GPA the degree attainment for the student is low. (Source E)

17. What are the differences between direct quotes and indirect quotes? Direct Quotes are Word-for-
    word reproductions of material found in a source. Indirect quotes Reports an idea without quoting
    it word-for-word

18. Now, find 2 direct quotes from your sources and 2 indirect quotes (2 per sources)

    D.Q 1 “It is a radical change, and many teachers say it makes as much sense as recruiting the chess
    club to play football.” (Source A)

    I.Q. 1 As Source A indicates, the number of students, especially those in disadvantaged
    neighborhoods, taking the AP exam is increasing.

    D.Q 2 “How much of a favor are we doing these youngsters?” (Source A)

    I.Q. 2 As jay Matthews indicates in Source A, because colleges are putting so much emphasis on AP
    courses, many schools are including more and more courses in their curriculum. Also, more and
    more students are taking the courses; including students from disadvantaged areas.

    D.Q 3 “It is designed to help readers in the same way the Dow Jones index helps readers of our
    business section or the earned run average rankings help readers of our sports section.” (Source B)

    I.Q. 3 Jay Matthews states in Source A that the real idea of the Challenge Index is to show what
    schools didn’t make the list. These schools don’t even have the smallest amount of rigor.

    D.Q 4 “…and they need more help than they are getting from their schools.”

    I.Q. 4 The Challenge Index, as jay Matthews asserts in Source B, help readers differentiate between
    schools that are performing well as it relates to rigorous curriculum, and the schools that are not.

    D.Q 5 Academic Resources (the composite of high school curriculum, test scores, and class rank)
    produces a much steeper curve toward bachelor's degree completion than does socioeconomic
    status.

    I.Q. 5 As stated by Clifford Adelman in Source E, student with low socioeconomic status tend to do
    as well as students that are from higher socioeconomic status.

    D.Q 6 “No matter how one divides the universe of students, the curriculum measure produces a
    higher percent earning bachelor's degrees than either of the other measures [p. 15]” (Source E)

    I.Q. 6 As indicated by Clifford Adelman in Source E, 41% of academic resources students bring to
    higher education comes from high school.
19. What are these called: ….Ellipses
    When should you use them: direct quotes or indirect quotes?
20. Now, from your D.Q’s pick three in which you use ….. (make sure you put “….”)

    D.Q 1 “It is a radical change, and many teachers say it makes as much sense as recruiting the chess
    club to play football.” (Source A)

    D.Q 2 “It is designed to help readers in the same way the Dow Jones index helps readers of our
    business section or the earned run average rankings help readers of our sports section.” (Source B)

    D.Q 3 “No matter how one divides the universe of students, the curriculum measure produces a
    higher percent earning bachelor's degrees than either of the other measures [p. 15]” (Source E)

21. What is paraphrasing? How is this different from indirect quoting? Indirect quoting reports an idea
    without quoting it word-for-word and paraphrasing is restating someone else’s idea in your own
    words

22. Now, paraphrase 1 interesting point from each source

    Point 1 Many schools in poverty stricken areas have begun to offer AP courses in their curriculum
    because these schools understand that this rigor helps students succeed in college. (Source A)

    Point 2 The Challenge Index should not cause readers of Newsweek to be in an uproar about the
    ranking philosophy, but readers should be in an uproar about the schools that cannot make the list.
    (Source B)

    Point 3 Students that have a more rigorous high school curriculum do better in college

23. In order to write more distinctively on the AP Synthesis Essay what should you do? Try not only to
    draw from the sources but also to comment on them.

       Respond by commenting on their ideas, their reasoning, their points of view
       The author of Source B offers a short-sighted view of…
       To a point I agree with the author of Source B, although he doesn’t carry the argument far
        enough. To strengthen his case he should have included….
       In Source B, the author says that..., an assertion that supports my own view. I would add,
        however, that…”
       Clearly, the author of Source B has a bias against…a failing that weakens her argument.

24. Now respond to 2 point of views, ideas or reasoning (per source)
    Point 1 Ms. Donnison of Source A offers a short-sighted view of increasing rigor in the classroom
    when she says that coercing average students to be AP students is like coercing the chess club to
    play football

    Point 2 To a point I agree with Kathleen Donnison in Source A, when she contrasts the differences
    between a bright student and an average student completing assignments in AP. She says that it is
one thing for a bright student to be engaged for hours in their work, yet another for average
students to struggle for hours on their work. Although I agree, Ms. Donnison doesn’t carry the
argument far enough. To strengthen her case she should give some consideration to the idea that
students learn differently and just because one student struggles on a certain assignment doesn’t
mean the student is inadequate in understanding the lesson material.

Point 3 In Source B, Jay Matthews says that the Challenge Index is intended help readers
differentiate between schools making the mark when it comes to rigor in the classroom and schools
that are not, an assertion that supports my own view. I would add, however, that readers should
not take consider the Challenge Index the ultimate measurer of subject proficiency in schools; if this
was the case the Challenge Index would be called the Proficiency Index”

Point 4 Clearly, Clifford Adelman in Source B has a bias against the theory that just taking AP
cources increase a student success in college in that he says that the student’s ranking and GPA is a
better indicator which is failing that weakens his argument.




                    DO NOT PLAGIARIZE!!!!

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:17
posted:9/7/2012
language:simple
pages:8