Monday Tuesday Wednesday Carrissa Stephanie Cameron Kim Nabil Angela Courtney Mitch Salassie Kassidy Ashley Austin JTho Preshus Chelsea Rafael Monica Jeff Ana Dillon Jessica Extemporaneous Manuscript Memorization Impromptu Feedback Sender Receiver Message Logos Persuasive speaking Supportive audience Proof Compromise Pathos opposed audience Captive audience Ethos Uncommitted audience Indifferent audience Symposium Criteria Brainstorming Circle Panel discussion Town hall meeting Cohesion Dominators Nitpickers Moderator Chronological order Climactic pattern Spatial pattern Cause-effect pattern Problem-solution pattern Irony Personification Hyperbole Analogy Concrete words Euphemisms Oxymoron Connotation Understatement Antithesis Abstract words Metaphor Allusion Simile Denotation Testimonial Eulogy Speech of presentation Impromptu speaking Commemorative speech Speech of accptanc4e After-dinner speech Commencement address Introductory speech Argument Topic Evidence Proposition Case Resolution Brief Affirmative Constructive Negative Refute Status quo Rebut Burden of proof Format Formal debate Title Purpose Introduction I (Attention Getter) II. (Thesis Statement) A. B. Body I. A. B. C. II. A. B. Conclusion I. II. Title To persuade the audience that Purpose Prozac should not be banned Introduction I. What it would take to raise your chance of death by one-millionth II. Prozac should not be banned A. Risks B. Benefits Body I. Risks A. Schizophrenia B. Prozac will have no effect Addiction C. II. Benefits A. Cures depression B. Placebo effect Conclusion I. So in the final analysis… II. Some people would dies sooner than think. In fact, they do. The Week of January 11-15 1/11 Monday— Copy notes for review and read a little Hamlet 1/12 Tuesday— Review for midterm. 1/13 Wednesday— No class 1/14 Thursday— No Class 1/15 Friday— 9:45-11:15 BAT. (Five extra credit points if you have your independent reading selection- the book-by today!) Review notes Midterm has 200 opportunities for you to demonstrate your knowledge. Terms you should be familiar with: Allusion Frame story Epic Poetry Irony Alliteration Flashback Simile Consonance Dramatic Irony Metaphor Assonance Potphor Ballad Personification Caesura Scop Tragic Flaw Oral tradition Kenning Comic relief Lyrical Poetry 1. The tragic hero is a character of noble stature and has greatness. This should be readily evident in the play. The character must occupy a "high" status position but must ALSO embody nobility and virtue as part of his/her innate character. 2. Though the tragic hero is pre-eminently great, he/she is not perfect. Otherwise, the rest of us--mere mortals--would be unable to identify with the tragic hero. We should see in him or her someone who is essentially like us, although perhaps elevated to a higher position in society. 3. The hero's downfall, therefore, is partially her/his own fault, the result of free choice, not of accident or villainy or some overriding, malignant fate. In fact, the tragedy is usually triggered by some error of judgment or some character flaw that contributes to the hero's lack of perfection noted above. This error of judgment or character flaw is known as hamartia and is usually translated as "tragic flaw" (although some scholars argue that this is a mistranslation). Often the character's hamartia involves hubris (which is defined as a sort of arrogant pride or over-confidence). 4. The hero's misfortune is not wholly deserved. The punishment exceeds the crime. 5. The fall is not pure loss. There is some increase in awareness, some gain in self-knowledge, some discovery on the part of the tragic hero.. 6. Though it arouses solemn emotion, tragedy does not leave its audience in a state of depression. Aristotle argues that one function of tragedy is to arouse the "unhealthy" emotions of pity and fear and through a catharsis (which comes from watching the tragic hero's terrible fate) cleanse us of those emotions. **It might be worth noting here that Greek drama was not considered "entertainment," pure and simple; it had a communal function--to contribute to the good health of the community. This is why dramatic performances were a part of religious festivals and community celebrations. Reading Check Quiz OEDIPUS 1. Where does the play take place? A. Thebes B. Italy C. France D. West Broad Street 2. Oedipus swears he will find A. The gold B. Serenity C. Laius’ murder D. Jocusta’s son 3. Teiresias is a A. Prophet B. Murderer C. Robber D. Bad man 4. According to the oracle, Oedipus is supposed to _________ his father, _________ his mother, and leave the city as a __________ man. 7. Jocasta dies by A. Posion B. Stabbing C. Hanging D. Watching Twilight more than once. 8. When Oedipus discovers that Jocasta is dead he A. Rejoices B. Gouges his eyes out C. Runs from the room D. Faints 9. The oracle comes true True False 10. In the end Oedipus a. Leaves the town B. Discovers his life’s meaning C. Falls in love D. Learns a valuable lesson Bonus Sigmund Freud developed a psychoanalytic theory called the “Oedipal Complex” based on your reading, what do you think this means? Extra Super Bonus--Which creature in the morning goes on four feet, at noon on two and in the evening upon three?" Dead Huband Current Husband Mother Uncle+Dad =D’uncle King Hamlet Gertrude Claudius Dead Father Bros Current King of Denmark Sort of friends Rosencrantz Hamlet Prince of Denmark Best Friend Guildenstern Horatio Girlfriend? Laertes Ophelia Polonius Polonius’ Ophelia’s and Ophelia’s Bro Daughter Laertes’ dad & Polonius’ son suck-up to Claudius Using your awesome skills to predict and based on the chart we filled out and the story we read about Oedipus, How do you think the two stories connect? Courtesy Speeches (Usually don’t involve ceremonies) Presentation of Acceptance of awards awards State the person’s name Be brief, sincere, and unless building suspense direct Explain the award’s significance Thank the group Explain how person was Discuss importance selected What makes them unique? Thank others Hand award Reiterate appreciation How do you catch a rare rabbit? Unique up on it! How do you catch a tame rabbit? Tame way What did the fish say when he hit the wall? DAM! More courtesy speeches After Dinner speech Does not have to be humorous Does need to be entertaining Presented after DINNER! Ceremonial Speeches Eulogy Commemorative Honors someone wh has died Honors historical event Can be chronological or topical Usually requires research Should respect spiritual beliefs Commencement Testimonial Honors graduates Honors a living person Often times inspirations Respects ceremony Recognizes achievements Makes an identifying connection Includes all graduates Avoids clichés Contest Speeches Original oratory Extemporaneous Humorous or dramatic interpretations The Thesis Statement A “mini argument” A sentence or two that briefly describes the main idea of your paper and the main argument that you are trying to make Offers your readers a quick preview of what your paper is going to be about Makes an argumentative assertion Focuses your paper on a very specific, debatable point Gives your audience guidance about the conclusions you draw in the paper I'm going to tell you about William Golding and how he wrote Lord of the Flies There are a lot of things that were unusual about how the boys dealt with isolation. William Golding was the most famous writer during the 1950’s and 1960’s Today—December 1, 2009 Today we will take a 25 word spelling test (list III). We will also explore some possible topics for your thematic essay due on December 18, 2009 (This is a “no excuse” date) Guidelines No fewer than three NO MORE than five pages Typed Double spaced Third person FCA No-No words No contractions I, I think, basically, MLA style many, very, a lot FCA Must contain four CITED quotations for support FCA Must contain three appositives This is NOT a retelling of the story—it is analytical! 1. Number the following topics in order from most interesting to write about to least interesting: Civilization vs. Savagery Good vs. Evil Loss of Innocence The evil nature of man The inherent evil of society Individualism vs community Nature of evil Man vs nature 2. Using exactly 10 sentences (number them) describe, literally, what the book is about. 3. Pick the four most important characters and use one word to describe each. 4. Finish the following sentence After reading Lord of the Flies, William Golding wanted me to learn that _____________________________________ 5. Identify from LEAST to MOST important three events that took place. 6. Identify and describe the two most important symbolic items. 7. Support or oppose the following idea—Because he is such a social misfit, Piggy is more of a hindrance to the rescue than an assistance. 8. Describe the book using one sentence Punctuation 2, 7, 9, 10, 11, 18, 22, 23, 24, 30 Caps 1 Spelling 3, 8, 16, 17, 20, 25 Verb Forms 14, 19 Parallel Structure 4 Usage 12, 21, 26, 27, 28 Run-on 15 Sent. Frag 13 Words confused 5, 28, 29 Pronoun forms 6 Test 2 Alternate Punctuation 3, 6, 12, 13, 20, 26 Capitalization 9 Spelling 2, 5, 8, 11, 16, 21, 25, 29, 30 Verb forms 10, 18 Parallel Structure 27 Usage 11, 14, 15 Run-on Sent. 4 Sent. Frag 17 Dangling Modifiers 19 Words oft Confused 14, 23, 24 This Week Three to five page paper due on December 18, 2009! Monday Thursday 30 line test Writing workshop “Thesis Building” Tuesday Lord of the Flies Spelling test Group 3 Lord of the Flies “Topic Friday discovery” Writing Workshop— Lord of the Flies Wednesday “Construction of the 30 line test introductory alternate paragraph” ESSAY DAY! The good news…I am not going to ask you to produce a piece of formal, typed writing as homework. The better news…You are going to spend the entire class period today writing a five paragraph essay on one of the two prompts I have given you. You must include one quotation from the play to support your writing. While this writing will be a little rougher than a polished, formal paper, as future college students, you are expected to write in an organized well-developed fashion. Your essay will be graded on organization, content, use of quotation for support, and basic knowledge of spelling, grammar, mechanics, and usage. Proof that Macbeth had gone from hero to villain can be seen in this line when he found that he could not be harmed be a man born of woman. Even though this seemed to assure that Macduff couldn’t hurt him, Macbeth said, “Then live, Macduff; what need I fear thee?/But yet I’ll make assurance double sure” (IV.1.82-83). Long Quotations (more than 4 lines): These are set off by indenting each line as if for the start of a new paragraph (5 spaces). This indentation indicates that you are quoting, so use no quotation marks, and the line spacing before, within, and after the quotation remains the standard double space. If the author were Stanley Friedman and the passage occurred on pages 26-27 of his book or article, parenthetical documentation would look like this— Acquiring a tattoo while attending college can express a wide range of possible motivations, from self- expression to social conformity, from impulsive daring to self-doubt. Motivation may even change over time for a single individual who acquires more than one tattoo. But the common denominator appears to be identity formation, whether as positive process or personal crisis. (IV.1.80-88) Quotaions = 2 Multiple Choice = 2 Matching = 2 True/False = 1 Onomatopoeia Matching B England Birnam Glamis Matching A Norway Inverness Porter Malcolm MacDonwald Duncan Banquo King James Matching C Dagger Eye of Newt Quotations Macduff Banquo’s Ghost Macbeth Witches bloodstain Lady Macbeth Doctor Old Siwar Malcolm Stock issue Cost of the Death Penalty Source Death Penalty Information Center Date 2008 Chief Samuels from the state of California says, If we replaced the death penalty with a sentence of permanent imprisonment, the state would save more than $125 million each year. Argument It’s cheaper to house someone for life than to execute them Friday—another rehearsal for Act IV scene 1 Monday—Final production/Writing assignment for Macbeth (Formal Typed Paper) Tuesday—Finish Act V/look at writing assignment Wednesday—Review for 100Q test on Macbeth Thursday—100Q test on Macbeth Friday—Writing assignment workshop Monday—Lord of the Flies Tuesday—100Q test on Lord of the Flies Wednesday—Macbeth Writing assignment due Thursday--Thanksgiving November 18th PTSA assignment due! We need seniors to man up for class officer elections Check my website—LOF test questions are being posted daily assert kidneys brain logos captive lungs compromise opposed credentials pathos ethos shock therapy heart supportive Indifferent audience telegraphing Eventually you will be asked to write a thematic essay about an aspect of Lord of the Flies. After reading today, write a paragraph that gives a synopsis of how far you have read (include last page number read). Then, select a theme about which you might write. You may find you want to write about a different theme for your essay and that will be okay. Find two quotations from what you have read that would support the theme. Identify the page number of the quotation. Write two paragraphs (one for each quotation) about the theme based on your reading to this point. Themes Civilization vs. Savagery Good vs. Evil Loss of Innocence The evil nature of man The inherent evil of society Individualism vs community Nature of evil Man vs nature Don’t forget—REFLECTIONS submission=EXTRA CREDIT! Imagine a bad quiz grade being bumped to an “A” mmmm… November 2 Today I will continue discussing persuasive speech topics with y’all. You should work on handouts (page #303, 305, 306, 313) You may use the text book (chapter 14) You probably will not finish—don’t panic, we’ll get more time later. By the end of the period, you should hand in the “persuasive Essay Organizer. DO NOT FILL THAT OUT UNTIL AFTER WE HAVE TALKED. Tomorrow we will have our final opportunity for research. Purpose Introduction I. (Attention-getter) Should appeal to emotions II. Powerful position (Gun control should be eliminated in the United States) A. History B. C. D. E. Rebuttal Body I. History A. B. II A B III A. B. IV. A. B. V. Rebuttal (Answer responses) Conclusion I. II. This Week Monday Wednesday Passionate Shepherd Macbeth Nymph’s reply Spenserian Sonnet Thursday Macbeth Tuesday Sonnet and ballad quiz. Be prepared to analyze a sonnet and ballad. Friday Shakespeare/Renaissance Macbeth MACBETH ACT I QUIZ 1. Who is Macbeth’s good friend? 2. What three things do the witches prophesize? 3. What is the name of Macbeth’s castle? 4. Macbeth says the king should not be killed for two reasons: A. B. 5. Why is Lady Macbeth uncertain about her husband’s resolve to kill the king? 6. When Macbeth tells Lady Mac that he doesn’t want to kill King Duncan, Lady Macbeth details what gruesome act she would perform rather than break her promise to him? 7. What is the plan for killing Duncan? Bonus Fill in the blank I read the character of _________ aloud. Pop Quiz 1. How many acts are in 2. What is a paradox? Shakespeare’s plays? (Hint: Not a Dentist and a Veterinarian ) 3. Define motif. 5. Within four, how many plays did Shakespeare 4. What is iamabic write? pentameter? BONUS—Name one of King Duncan’s sons Kyle and King Alex—see me. Aristotle said: To persuade is to convince others to come around to your way of thinking To do that, you must show them how they will benefit and They must take some sort of action. Aristotle identified three appeals. Banana—JK (get it? Banana Ethos—Ethical appeal peels:) Logos—Logical appeal Pathos—Emotional appeal In Class writing 8 minutes Make a list of qualities that you think are important in a romantic relationship. Rank the items, and then write a paragraph explaining the reason for your ranking Terms Pastoral poetry Dystopia Utopia What you should know Terms Ballads Sonnet Quatrain Shakespearian Accretion Petrarchan Rhyme scheme Rhyme Scheme Homework—due Tuesday Read 334-339 Due at the beginning of the period Tuesday Define Tragedy Blank Verse Tragic Hero Iambic pentameter Theme Soliloquy Aside Dramatic Irony Foreshadowing Ballads Usually four line quatrains with every other line rhyming Usually uses dialogue Has a tragic topic Meant to be sung Last line of each stanza is similar but changes a bit each time to advance the plot (accretion). Sonnets Shakespearian—three quatrains, each representing an idea—followed by a rhyming couplet that brings everything together. ABAB CDCD EFEF GG Petrarchan Super emotional love poetry Octave followed by a sestet (8lines then 6 lines) Spenserian Used Quatrains Used rhyming couplets Rhyme scheme Abab bcbc cdcd ee Sonnet 29 When in disgrace with Fortune and men’s eyes I alone beweep my out cast state And trouble deaf heaven with bootless cries, And look upon myself and curse my fate, Wishing me like one more rich in hope, Featured like him, like him with friends possessed Desiring this man’s art, and that man’s scope, With what I most enjoy, contented least; Yet in these thoughts myself almost despising, Happly I think on thee, and then my state Like to the lark at break of day arising From sullen earth, sings hyms at heaven’s gate For they sweet love remembered such wealth brings That then I scorn to change my state with kings Where? Who? When? What happened? Structure? Themes Civilization vs. Savagery Good vs. Evil Loss of Innocence The evil nature of man The inherent evil of society Individualism vs community Nature of evil Man vs nature Um/uh Any form of like AND Excessive pauses No listing Wife of Bath’s Tale 1. How many husbands did the Wife of Bath have? 2. What did the knight “take” to cause him to be in so much trouble (be appropriate)? 3. What did the king want to do to the knight? 4. Who saved the knight? 5. What “burning question” was the knight to answer? 6. How long did the knight have to find the answer? 7. What did the knight see—that vanished—before he saw the crone? 8. What deal did he make with the crone ? 9. What was the crone’s answer? 10. What was the basic idea of the story-within- the-story that the Wife of Bath told about King Midas’ ears (What can’t women do)? BONUS Within 5,000, how many lines of poetry did Chaucer complete? Types of Imagery Compare Contrast Simile Antithesis Metaphor Oxymoron Potphor Irony Analogy Allusion Sound Devices Exaggeration Alliteration Hyperbole Consonance Understatement Assonance Personification Assignment Create a short story that incorporates six different types of imagery. You may use any of the types in the Exaggeration, Compare, and Contrast categories. You may use sound devices, but they will not count toward your six. You will read your story to the class.
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