Electrical And Computer Engineering - College of Engineering

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					COE 1000

Electrical and Computer

Jennifer Michaels
Professor and Interim Associate Chair for Undergraduate Affairs
School of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Fall 2011
Defining Electrical and Computer
Engineering                  Circuits

Electrical Engineering:                   Communications
Electrical engineers explore electrical
phenomena and develop electronic
technologies, for example, for getting
                                          Signal & Image
information from one place to another,
generating and transmitting power,
and designing smart sensors for
Electrical Engineering
Types of Problems Electrical Engineers Solve

           Develop environmentally friendly technologies
            such as solar power and solid state (LED)
           Design sensors that measure glucose in the
            bloodstream or detect pollutants in our water
            supply and atmosphere;
           Controlling power distribution with increasing
            computer use in urban areas;
           Make electronic devices like iPods and cell
            phones smaller, faster, and less expensive.
Defining Electrical and Computer
Computer Engineering:                  Computer Architecture
Computer engineers design systems      Information Technology
that incorporate hardware and          Software Systems

software.                              Embedded Systems

 Design new computer architectures,
  communications networks, and
  software systems.
 Apply computer technology to
  economical, industrial, medical,
  social, and political problems.
Computer Engineering
Types of Problems Computer Engineers Solve

              Develop high speed computing platforms
               for use in computer-generated imagery,
               gaming, and oil/gas exploration;
              Design embedded systems for
               applications such as security, hybrid
               vehicles, entertainment, and medicine.
              Designing wearable computers that can
               be used as navigation guides;
              Build robots that assist disabled people
               or navigate harsh terrains.
    Electrical and Computer Engineering’s
    Impact on Society

•    Spring 2005, CNN listed the TOP 25 INNOVATIONS
     from the past QUARTER CENTURY
•    EVERY single one of them was made possible by the
Electrical and Computer Engineering’s
Impact on Society

1.  The Internet              14. ATM
2.  Cell phone                15. Advanced batteries
3.  Personal computers        16. Hybrid car
4.  Fiber optics              17. OLEDs
5.  E-mail                    18. Display panels
6.  Commercialized GPS        19. HDTV
7.  Portable computers        20. Space shuttle
8.  Memory storage discs      21. Nanotechnology
9.  Consumer level digital    22. Flash memory
    camera                    23. Voice mail
10. Radio frequency ID tags   24. Modern hearing aids
11. MEMS                      25. Short range, high frequency
12. DNA fingerprinting            radio
13. Air bags
School of Electrical and Computer Engineering

 Largest producer of electrical and
  computer engineering graduates in the
  United States
 One of the largest academic units at
  Georgia Tech
 111 faculty and over 2,400 undergraduate
  and graduate students
 $58M in research in FY10 (38% with
 EE and CmpE undergraduate programs
  ranked #4 and #6 by U.S. News & World
 EE and CmpE graduate programs both
  ranked #6
                         Doug Williams

                                             TECHNICAL AREAS
                                                        ELECTRONICS DESIGN
    GRADUATE AFFAIRS                                     AND APPLICATIONS
       Bonnie Ferri
                              COMPUTER SYSTEMS
                                AND SOFTWARE               MICROSYSTEMS
     Jennifer Michaels
                                DIGITAL SIGNAL
                                                         OPTICS & PHOTONICS
     Joseph Hughes
                                                            SYSTEMS AND
                              ELECTRICAL ENERGY
     Andrew Peterson
                              ELECTROMAGNETICS          TELECOMMUNICATIONS
        Paul Steffes
                                              VLSI SYSTEMS
                                            AND DIGITAL DESIGN
Georgia Tech Honors / Faculty Awards

 Class of 1940 W. Roane Beard Outstanding Teacher Award:
  Ben Klein
 Class of 1940 Howard Ector Outstanding Teacher Award:
  John Cressler
 Senior Faculty Outstanding Undergraduate Research Mentor:
  Manos Tentzeris
 Outstanding Achievement in Research Innovation Award:
  Ajeet Rohatgi
Clinical Trials for Tongue Drive System

 Maysam Ghovanloo and his team have designed the
  Tongue Drive System that could help the disabled live more
 System lets people move a wheelchair or control a mouse
  cursor with tongue movements
 Clinical trials conducted at the Sheperd Center in Atlanta
 Persons with high-level spinal cord injuries find system
  simple and easy to use
Graphene: A Potential Replacement for
Copper in Electronics?

 Raghu Murali and Nanotechnology
  Research Center colleagues have
  determined that graphene has a
  current carrying capacity 1,000x
  greater than copper while providing
  improved thermal conductivity
 Resistivity in graphene also found to
  outperform copper in future
  nanometer-scale interconnects
 Graphene, made of thin layers of
  graphite, has great potential for
  electronic devices and could replace
  copper in on-chip interconnects
Center in Integrated Photonics Engineering

• $4 million contract over two years
  funded by DARPA
• Led by ECE Professor Ali Adibi
• Involves Georgia Tech faculty from
  MSE, Chemistry and Biochemistry,
  and MiRC and collaborators from
  MIT, Emory, Yale, and the University
  of California at Santa Cruz
• Focus is on developing highly sensitive, highly
  selective, and ultra-compact integrated photonic
  sensing for detection of bio and chemical agents
New Radar System for Mapping Snow and
Ice Formations

• John Papapolymerou, John Cressler,
  and GTRI‟s Ted Heath have developed a
  new system that can be used to study
  Earth‟s ice and snow formations from the air
• Radar may provide new data on the effects
  of global climate change
• A technological first, the radar uses SiGe
  chips in tandem with RF MEMS that can be
  mounted on aircraft or satellites
• Project funded by NASA
SnoMotes Go Where Humans Fear to Tread

• Ayanna Howard and her colleagues
  created the SnoMotes, a team of
  autonomous robots that work together to
  collect data in icy environments
• SnoMotes can travel where it‟s too
  dangerous for humans to go
• Data could help scientists understand the
  dynamics that affect the stability of ice
• Robots were field-tested in June 2009
• SnoMote models are on exhibit at the
  Chicago Museum of Science and Industry
Center for Music Technology

• The Center for Music Technology
  was launched in November 2008
• More than 20 researchers from the
  Colleges of Architecture, Computing,
  and Engineering, including three
  from ECE
• Goal is to redefine ways that we
  create, perform, listen to, and
  consume music
• Projects include wearable devices for music therapy, audience
  participation in live performance, robotic musicianship, assistive
  medium for the visually impaired, and computational analysis of
  music at the signal level
Start-up Success: Suniva
 Founder and CTO: Ajeet Rohatgi
   –   2009 U.S. EPA Individual Climate Protection Award
   –   2009 Hoyt Clarke Hottel Award from ASES
   –   2009 Envention Award from Atlanta Business Chronicle
   –   Invited to White House for new energy economy press briefing given by
       President Barack Obama
 Suniva develops, manufactures, and markets
  its ARTisun high-efficiency, silicon solar cells
 Based in Norcross, Suniva officially opened
  in December 2008 as the first solar cell
  production facility in the southeastern U.S.
 Named among top 10 most promising
  venture-backed clean technology
  companies by Wall Street Journal
 U.S. Department of Energy Steven Chu met
  with UCEP and Suniva personnel in May 2010
HKN Outstanding Chapter

 For the fifth year in a row, the Georgia
  Tech chapter of Eta Kappa Nu received
  an Outstanding Chapter Award.
 HKN members package and sell lab
  supplies at discounted prices. Earnings
  are put into the chip project scholarship
  fund (ECE junior).
 HKN hosts the annual ECE Spring Picnic
  where they presented the Eta Kappa Nu/Richard M. Bass Outstanding
  Teacher Awards to Linda Wills and SC Shen.
 The group hosted information sessions about applying to graduate school in
  engineering and MBA programs, applying for fellowships, an expo for
  graduate students seeking GRA opportunities and learning about the PhD
  preliminary exam.
 HKN volunteers volunteered at the MedShare Center, tutored high schoolers
  at Give West and participated in Tech Beautification Day and Team Buzz.
IEEE Student Branch

• The Georgia Tech student branch of IEEE provides students with ways
  to enhance their technical skills and professional development, as well as
  to build a sense of community among its members and ECE students.
• The group has over 800 members, making it the largest student branch
  in the nation. It has been recognized as the Outstanding Student Branch
  of the Year and as an Exemplary Student Branch for four years in a row.
• IEEE connects students with faculty and
  industry professionals by coordinating faculty
  seminars and corporate presentations.
• During 2009-10, the group hosted the 2010
  IEEE President Pedro Ray (BEE ‟82, MSEE ‟83)
  for a day-long visit, held its annual Student-
  Professional Awareness Conference on
  March 9, and attended the Region 3 IEEE
  SoutheastCon in Charlotte, N.C.
                                                     •IEEE President Pedro Ray, Georgia Tech
                                                   President Bud Peterson, Drew Blackburn, Gary
Women of ECE

• WECE supports and encourages the
  success of the female ECE students
• Provides academic development workshops: “ECE Survival Guide”,
  “Co-op or Research”, “Study and Work Abroad”, and many more.
• Organizes professional development workshops and events: “Behavioral
  Interview Workshop” and networking and information sessions by National
  Instruments, Norfolk Southern, T-mobile, Harris, and Cisco
• Hosts ECE lab tours to Duluth, Jonesboro, and Gwinnett High School
• Co-sponsors and participates in the FIRST LEGO League State
• Volunteers in philanthropy events: TeamBuzz and MedShare International
• Organizes various social events: Annual ECE Halloween Party, Freshman
  BBQ, Transfer Luncheon, ECE Holiday Party, Pool Party, Bowling Night
Undergraduate Research

• Undergraduate Research
  Opportunities Program (UROP)
• Opportunities also with ORS and VIP
• Summer Undergraduate Research in
  Engineering/Science Program (SURE) in
  Atlanta and SURE International at Georgia
  Tech Lorraine
• President‟s Undergraduate Research
  Awards (PURA)
• Undergraduate Research Option
  – Began in fall 2006
  – 8 EEs, CmpEs graduated to date
  – 111 graduated campus wide
International Plan

• Launched fall 2005
• 38 EE and CmpE students
  enrolled; 375 campus-wide
• Intensive, degree-long program
  integrating classroom and real
  world experience
• Includes Georgia Tech
  Lorraine, Georgia Tech
  Shanghai, Study Abroad, and
  Work Abroad programs
• Successful completion of
  requirements results in
  International Plan designation
  on diploma
Paths to ECE Electives/Specializations
Can switch between EE and CmpE through the
sophomore year

                               VLSI               Signal/Image                 Embedded             Real-Time
    Power                     Design               Processing                   Systems
                                                                   Micro-                           Oper Sys
 Distribution   Microelect.
                                       Controls                  controllers            Software
                Dev & Mfg                                                             Development



                   EE Degree                                CmpE Degree
  Expect Institute approval for curriculum changes in Spring 2012
  Average GT Starting Salaries
   (BS Degrees)

50000                                             Avg(CE,ChBE,IE,ME)
45000                                             CS
40000                                             Mgmt

        Spr Spr Spr Spr Spr Spr Spr Spr Spr Spr
        01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
The Most In-Demand Degrees
•       Bachelor‟s level:
    –      Accounting
    –      Business administration/finance
    –      Electrical engineering
    –      Mechanical engineering
    –      Computer Science
    –      Business/Management
    –      Information sciences and systems
    –      Computer engineering
    –      Management Information Systems
    –      Logistics/Materials
•       Master‟s level
    –      M.B.A., Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Computer
           Science, Computer Engineering
•       Doctorate level
    –      Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical
           Engineering, Computer Science, Computer Engineering
    Source: Job Outlook 2011 survey, conducted by the National Association of Colleges and Employers

Continue your education—see where our graduates
  have gone
• Graduate School- Berkeley, MIT, Stanford, University of
  Michigan, and, of course, Georgia Tech

• Medical school- Emory, Johns Hopkins, Vanderbilt, Medical
  College of Georgia

• Law School- Boalt Law School at Berkeley, Emory Law
  School, Georgia State, and UGA

• Business School- Harvard Business School, Wharton
   School Business School:
  Harvardat the University of Pennsylvania, and the University of
  • 22% of students are engineers (largest profession)
  • Georgia Tech is 5th leading supplier of students
 ECE 1882: Introduction to ECE Design

• Freshman ECE course
  – Intended to provide a „big picture‟ introduction to ECE
  – A (1-3-2) elective course
  – Restricted to EE, CmpE, and UEC freshmen

• Built around the LEGO
  – Will examine the engineering behind                       NXT‟s
    controller, motors, & sensors.
  – Will consist of labs, „challenges,‟ and
    a design competition.

• Offered Fall & Spring semesters
                                             Leslie Sibert BEE „85
ECE                                                 Vice President for Transmission, Georgia Power
Alumni…                                      Responsible for planning, maintenance, operations, and new
                                             construction projects for the company‟s transmission system

                                                                                   Pedro Ray
                                                                         BEE „82, MSEE „83
                                                       President, Ray Engineers, Puerto Rico
                                                           Owns and leads numerous commercial
                                                           and residential real estate corporations
                                                                         President of IEEE (2010)

                                             Randy Poliner BEE „77
                                             President, Antares Capital Corporation
                                             Previously held CEO and Chief Operating Officer
                                             posts at three venture-backed companies

                                              Scott Petty
Eric Boe, MSEE „97                            BEE „81, MSEE „82
Astronaut and pilot for                       Partner, Intellectual Property
space shuttle Endeavour’s                     Practice, Group King & Spalding           Evelynn Hammonds
STS-126 mission                               Specializes in patent, trademark, and              BEE ‟76, Dean of
                                              copyright prosecution and counseling,               Harvard College
                                              licensing, and litigation

           Theresa Maldonado
           BEE „81, MSEE „82, PhD „90                    Rajarshi Mukhopadhyay              PhD „06
           Executive Associate Vice President for        Mixed Signal Design Engineer, Texas
           Research,Texas A&M University,                Instruments, Named one of 14 recipients
           Previously served as Engineering Research      of the IEEE/IEEE-USA 2008 “New Face of
           Centers Program Director for NSF                                   Engineering” Award
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Degrees are Extremely Versatile

     Industrial Example:
Ultrasonic Inspection System
Typical Ultrasonic Inspection        Receivers

• Ultrasound is transmitted on
  one side
• Ultrasound is received on the
  other side
• Defects (cracks) block the
• Have to move the ultrasonic
  transducers to every location on
  the part being inspected
• Make an image of the received
  ultrasound to find defects
“Upside Down” Image from
 an Ultrasonic Scan of an
    Airplane Fuselage
Ultrasonic Inspection System for
Airplane Parts

Ultrasound travels
through the water to
interrogate the part
Who Develops These Systems?
All Types of Engineers

 • Inspection Method (Mechanical/Electrical)
 • Structural Foundation (Civil/Mechanical)
 • Robotic Equipment (Mechanical/Electrical)
 • Motion Controls (Electrical/Computer/Mechanical)
 • Instrumentation (Electrical/Computer)
 • Data Acquisition (Electrical/Computer)
 • Signal Processing (Electrical/Computer)
 • Software (Computer/Electrical)

 But the machine would just sit there without
 Electrical and Computer Engineers!

• ECE is a versatile degree
• It is difficult to conceive of an
  engineering project that does not
  reply on Electrical and Computer
  Engineers in some way
• Georgia Tech‟s School of ECE is one of the best in the
• The large faculty size implies that there is someone
  working on about every possible ECE research area
• Consider ECE and maximize your career options

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