CRIME SCENE

					MODULE 26
Crime Scene
       CRIME SCENE


A. Objective

  1. 065: Identify responsibilities of
     the correctional officer who
    discovers, or is the first to respond
    to an apparent crime scene for
    rendering first aid.
        CRIME SCENE


2. 066: Describe the steps taken to
   document chain of custody for
   evidence.

3. 067: Describe the common types of
   evidence, evidence packaging
   procedures & identification marks.
           CRIME SCENE



4. 147: Identify responsibilities of the
   correctional officer who discovers, or is
   first to respond to an apparent crime
   scene for summoning needed assistance.
           CRIME SCENE


5. 148. Identify responsibilities of the
   correctional officer who discovers, or is
   first to respond to an apparent crime
   scene for scene security.
          CRIME SCENE



6. 149: Identify responsibilities of the
   correctional officer who discovers, or
   is first to respond to an apparent crime
   scene for evidence collection.
           CRIME SCENE


7. 150: Identify responsibilities of the
correctional officer who discovers, or is first
to respond to an apparent crime scene for
identification of witnesses.
         CRIME SCENE

B. Protection of Crime Scene

  1. First officer at the crime scene
  2. Proper protection of the crime scene
  3. Responsibilities at the crime scene
        a. Render assistance
        b. CPR/First Aid
        CRIME SCENE


4. Sound the alarm to notify supervisors

   a. Summon security assistance
   b. Summon medical assistance
   c. Follow all agency policies &
      procedures
       CRIME SCENE


5. Establish scene security

   a. Secure inmates in your
      immediate area
   b. Leave victim & evidence in
      position found, if possible
   c. Padlock & chain victim’s cell
   d. Post officer to safeguard scene
      CRIME SCENE


6. Begin documentation

   a. Record persons at or near crime
      scene at time of incident
   b. These individuals will encompass
      the bulk of potential witnesses
       CRIME SCENE


7. Evidence collection

   a. Evidence should not be moved by
      Correctional employees

   b. If it does become necessary to
       remove evidence, chain of
      custody must be documented.
       CRIME SCENE


8. Evidence collection

  a. Evidence collected should be given
     to an investigator or crime scene
     technician.

  b. Collect everything.
          CRIME SCENE


C. Documenting Chain of Custody

 1. Chain of custody accounts for
    evidence from the time discovered
    until the time of legal accountability.
     CRIME SCENE

2. Documenting Chain of Custody

    a.   Date
    b.   Time
    c.   When
    d.   Where
    e.   Who collected the evidence
  CRIME SCENE

f. If proper documentation does not
   exist, courts will maintain that the
   evidence is invalid because
   opportunity existed for it to be
   contaminated.

g. Give evidence collected to an
   investigator or crime scene
   technician.
       CRIME SCENE


D. Types of Evidence

    1. Verbal

    2. Physical/real
     CRIME SCENE


3. Primary
     a.   guns
     b.   Photographs
     c.   Fingerprints
     d.   Thread
     e.   Blood
    CRIME SCENE

4. Physical/real

5. Secondary
  a. Species of evidence which
     becomes admissible as being the
     next best when the primary or
     best evidence is lost or
     inaccessible.
          CRIME SCENE



E. Distinct Types of Evidence

   1. Fixed/immovable
        a. Footprints in soil
        b. Latent fingerprints
      CRIME SCENE


2. Movable/removable

     a. Items or evidence can be picked
        up, properly preserved, &
        identified for use later.
            CRIME SCENE

F. Sources of Evidence

   1.   Crime scene itself
   2.   Weapons
   3.   Body fluid stains
   4.   Poisonous substances
   5.   Dying declaration
   6.   Documentary evidence
      CRIME SCENE


7. Glass
8. Paint
9. Drug specimens
10. Clothing
11. Hair/fiber
12. Impressions
         CRIME SCENE

G. Evidence Packaging Procedures

  1. The fewer hands who touch the
     evidence, the better

   2. All evidence must be handled with
      care
   3. Items must be packaged in paper bag
     CRIME SCENE


4. Use separate bag for each item

5. Items must be properly identified

6. Turn over evidence to an
   investigator or crime scene
   technician.

				
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