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Table 1. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for the United States: 2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                         Number of   Margin of        less than         Margin of
                                                                          speakers      Error1      "Very Well"            Error1
  Population 5 years and over                                          280,564,877      7,708       24,252,429           67,280
Spoke only English at home                                             225,488,799    83,368                 (X)              (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                             55,076,078    81,124        24,252,429           67,280


Spoke a language other than English at home                             55,076,078     81,124        24,252,429           67,280

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                              34,183,747     52,633        16,120,772           54,213
   ..Spanish                                                            34,183,622     52,636        16,120,749           54,210
   ..Ladino                                                                    125         98                23               38

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                           10,347,377     49,301         3,405,878           26,398
 .French                                                                 1,358,816     14,743           292,422            5,842
    ..French                                                             1,304,758     14,891           284,809            5,734
    ..Patois                                                                28,475      2,268             4,835              982
    ..Cajun                                                                 25,583      1,550             2,778              463
 .French Creole                                                            621,135     13,313           273,888            7,401
 .Italian                                                                  807,010     10,810           231,736            5,267
 .Portuguese                                                               678,334     11,600           289,899            7,246
    ..Portuguese                                                           676,963     11,509           289,771            7,251
    ..Papia Mentae                                                           1,371        673               128              109
 .German                                                                 1,120,670     12,812           196,957            4,113
    ..German                                                             1,119,963     12,808           196,929            4,111
    ..Luxembourgian                                                            707        237                28               37
 .Yiddish                                                                  162,511      5,616            50,957            2,997
 .Other West Germanic languages                                            269,600      7,680            62,711            3,558
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                   117,547      5,840            38,494            2,884
    ..Dutch                                                                132,191      4,206            22,358            1,715
    ..Afrikaans                                                             18,943      1,653             1,781              384
    ..Frisian                                                                  919        324                78               60
 .Scandinavian languages                                                   132,956      3,989            17,474            1,384
    ..Swedish                                                               56,713      2,979             6,842              856
    ..Danish                                                                29,728      2,126             4,025              641
    ..Norwegian                                                             41,197      2,287             5,781              655
    ..Icelandic                                                              5,170        849               798              476
    ..Faroese                                                                  148        100                28               47
 .Greek                                                                    340,028      9,204            90,360            3,633
 .Russian                                                                  846,233     13,514           430,850            8,004
 .Polish                                                                   632,362     12,763           274,693            6,910
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                                 273,729      9,634           115,165            5,050
    ..Serbocroatian                                                        152,331      6,705            71,216            3,743
    ..Croatian                                                              57,565      3,663            19,912            1,626
    ..Serbian                                                               63,833      4,113            24,037            2,239
 .Other Slavic languages                                                   318,051      8,552           122,058            4,305
    ..Bielorussian                                                           1,363        436               716              257
    ..Ukrainian                                                            142,711      6,414            68,487            3,641
    ..Czech                                                                 55,382      2,336            13,253            1,228
    ..Lusatian                                                                 189        133                78              113
    ..Slovak                                                                32,227      2,364             8,666            1,063
    ..Bulgarian                                                             57,016      3,514            21,129            1,659
    ..Macedonian                                                            22,134      2,294             7,715            1,185
    ..Slovene                                                                7,029        988             2,014              549
 .Armenian                                                                 220,922      7,558            98,041            4,096
 .Persian                                                                  359,176      9,536           137,765            4,990
 .Hindi                                                                    531,313     10,495           114,070            4,656
 .Gujarati                                                                 301,658      8,943           108,352            5,093
 .Urdu                                                                     335,213      9,621           102,364            4,602
 .Other Indic languages                                                    619,954     14,103           238,583            7,599
    ..India n.e.c.2                                                         81,125      5,875            29,167            2,688
    ..Bengali                                                              190,090      6,733            79,837            3,695
    ..Panjabi                                                              208,387      7,698            91,416            4,614




                                                                      US
                                                             Page: 1 of Pages: 220
                                                                          Spoke English
                                                 Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                      1                            1
                                                  speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Marathi                                        54,223       2,599           7,610        1,055
   ..Bihari                                            151         144              115         129
   ..Rajasthani                                        464         286              103          80
   ..Oriya                                           4,790         845           1,013          401
   ..Assamese                                        1,215         449                56         56
   ..Kashmiri                                          833         368              202         151
   ..Nepali                                         34,139       2,990          14,857        2,047
   ..Sindhi                                          6,907       1,034           1,398          423
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                13,092       2,184           5,560        1,334
   ..Sinhalese                                      22,278       2,330           6,904        1,200
   ..Romany                                          2,260         775              345         216
 .Other Indo-European languages                    417,706     10,116          157,533        5,868
   ..Jamaican Creole                                19,872       3,141           5,870        2,324
   ..Krio                                            6,900       1,358           1,839          631
   ..Hawaiian Pidgin                                   108         101               (B)          --
   ..Pidgin                                          2,527         691              390         268
   ..Gullah                                            352         361                18         32
   ..Saramacca                                         112         112                46         71
   ..Catalonian                                      1,917         505              292         158
   ..Romanian                                      146,840       6,050          58,351        3,126
   ..Rhaeto-romanic                                     39          64               (B)          --
   ..Welsh                                           2,452         517              262         135
   ..Irish Gaelic                                   22,279       1,670           3,455          629
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                  1,445         353                31         33
   ..Albanian                                      125,220       6,363          57,358        3,605
   ..Lithuanian                                     42,306       2,545          14,331        1,473
   ..Lettish                                        16,149       1,622           3,794          687
   ..Pashto                                         15,788       2,400           5,849        1,044
   ..Kurdish                                        12,982       2,291           5,564        1,050
   ..Balochi                                           268         376                18         30
   ..Tadzhik                                           150         134                65         80

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                8,267,977     30,947        4,041,963      24,276
 .Chinese                                         2,455,583     20,609        1,370,874      12,506
   ..Chinese                                      1,554,505     16,654          848,358      11,270
   ..Hakka                                            1,086        386              537         251
   ..Kan, Hsiang                                        291        342               (B)          --
   ..Cantonese                                      437,301     10,320          273,042       7,005
   ..Mandarin                                       381,121     10,132          199,507       6,442
   ..Fuchow                                           2,671        730            2,282         630
   ..Formosan                                        76,131      3,306           45,426       2,302
   ..Wu                                               2,477        557            1,722         460
 .Japanese                                          457,033      7,972          211,017       5,822
 .Korean                                          1,048,173     13,449          610,340       8,799
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                              182,387      6,650           98,764       4,369
 .Hmong                                             185,401      5,616           88,556       3,655
 .Thai                                              139,845      4,572           72,998       3,157
 .Laotian                                           147,865      6,238           74,772       3,481
 .Vietnamese                                      1,204,454     17,809          731,555      12,113
 .Other Asian languages                             644,363     11,834          192,046       5,903
   ..Kazakh                                           1,006        513              404         276
   ..Kirghiz                                            131        135                53         60
   ..Karachay                                           698        331              248         193
   ..Uighur                                           3,190        911            2,069         797
   ..Azerabaijani                                     1,282        458              492         218
   ..Turkish                                        107,405      5,588           44,045       3,103
   ..Turkmen                                            221        261                14         23
   ..Mongolian                                        8,430      1,528            5,164       1,055
   ..Tungus                                             326        271              198         219
   ..Dravidian                                        2,146        708              274         189
   ..Gondi                                               76         64               (B)          --
   ..Telugu                                         171,495      5,658           35,703       2,040
   ..Kannada                                         35,902      2,307            5,229         964
   ..Malayalam                                      112,378      4,849           35,254       2,399
   ..Tamil                                          130,731      5,047           22,220       2,150




                                              US
                                     Page: 2 of Pages: 220
                                                                               Spoke English
                                                      Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                           1                            1
                                                       speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Munda                                                2,334         771              587         339
   ..Tibetan                                              9,764       1,679           6,096        1,364
   ..Burmese                                             35,281       3,910          22,295        3,121
   ..Karen                                                3,924       1,182           3,596        1,134
   ..Kachin                                                 178         154              109         127
   ..Miao-yao, Mien                                      17,421       1,974           7,996        1,140
   ..Paleo-siberian                                          44          32               (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                             1,444,324     16,857          455,975        9,514
 .Other Pacific Island languages                        358,549       9,464         135,066        4,853
   ..Indonesian                                          60,657       3,805          28,111        2,145
   ..Achinese                                                32          53               (B)          --
   ..Balinese                                               272         159              108          70
   ..Cham                                                   891         479              376         262
   ..Javanese                                               441         218              268         178
   ..Malagasy                                               935         404              243         196
   ..Malay                                               12,440       1,566           4,191          804
   ..Bisayan                                             23,644       2,185           8,981        1,491
   ..Sebuano                                             10,027       1,190           3,321          638
   ..Pangasinan                                           2,144         648           1,088          441
   ..Ilocano                                             76,896       4,252          40,764        2,825
   ..Bikol                                                  812         347              210         121
   ..Pampangan                                            5,432       1,226           1,884          564
   ..Micronesian                                          5,514       1,397           3,035          951
   ..Carolinian                                             187         236                14         21
   ..Chamorro                                            17,985       1,664           2,856          573
   ..Gilbertese                                             173         124              102         100
   ..Kusaiean                                             1,056         564              526         360
   ..Marshallese                                         10,739       1,930           5,672        1,329
   ..Mokilese                                               448         282              205         196
   ..Mortlockese                                             40          63                40         63
   ..Palau                                                4,153       1,175           1,491          590
   ..Ponapean                                             2,347         720              981         393
   ..Trukese                                              5,434       1,465           2,728          801
   ..Ulithean                                                39          71                39         71
   ..Woleai-ulithi                                           51          62               (B)          --
   ..Yapese                                                 795         392              282         186
   ..Melanesian                                             973         369              464         304
   ..Polynesian                                             723         468              163         141
   ..Samoan                                              57,368       3,813          14,396        1,328
   ..Tongan                                              26,322       2,865           8,411        1,251
   ..Niuean                                                  17          28               (B)          --
   ..Tokelauan                                              290         275              193         208
   ..Fijian                                               3,701         987           1,226          400
   ..Marquesan                                              605         500              392         412
   ..Rarotongan                                             124         137               (B)          --
   ..Maori                                                  659         278              115          85
   ..Nukuoro                                                141         154               (B)          --
   ..Hawaiian                                            24,042       2,094           2,190          405

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                    2,276,977     29,341          683,816      12,172
 .Navajo                                                 170,822      4,710           39,724       2,566
 .Other Native North American languages                  203,127      4,352           32,140       1,874
   ..Aleut                                                 1,236        374              235         134
   ..Pacific Gulf Yupik                                        8         13               (B)          --
   ..Eskimo                                                2,168        391              552         164
   ..Inupik                                                5,580        616            1,453         254
   ..St Lawrence Island Yupik                                993        256              392         171
   ..Yupik                                                18,626        927            6,896         606
   ..Algonquian                                              288        146                57         65
   ..Arapaho                                               1,087        366                13         22
   ..Atsina                                                   45         35               (B)          --
   ..Blackfoot                                             1,970        577              217         149
   ..Cheyenne                                              2,399        567                77         62
   ..Cree                                                    951        392                83         66
   ..Delaware                                                146        123                37         67




                                                   US
                                          Page: 3 of Pages: 220
                                                              Spoke English
                                      Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                          1                            1
                                       speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
..Fox                                       727        195              161         143
..Kickapoo                                1,141        293              476         160
..Menomini                                  946        381              375         248
..French Cree                                75         71                53         66
..Miami                                     168        275                85        139
..Micmac                                    230        159                25         28
..Ojibwa                                  6,986        867              788         277
..Ottawa                                    312        174                34         43
..Passamaquoddy                             982        254                60         46
..Penobscot                                 144         98                 8         13
..Abnaki                                     86         89               (B)          --
..Potawatomi                                824        271                82         67
..Shawnee                                   321        203                20         35
..Yurok                                     491        387                 8         17
..Kutenai                                   200        124                65         70
..Makah                                     176         96                53         51
..Kwakiutl                                   85         62                21         32
..Nootka                                     10         18               (B)          --
..Clallam                                   146        143                 2          5
..Coeur D'alene                             174        126               (B)          --
..Columbia                                   17         27               (B)          --
..Cowlitz                                   110        179                91        146
..Salish                                  1,233        362              282         178
..Okanogan                                  284        215                31         51
..Puget Sound Salish                        207        119                99        103
..Quinault                                  128        202               (B)          --
..Haida                                     118         72                23         38
..Athapascan                              1,627        351              318         148
..Ahtena                                     18         27               (B)          --
..Ingalit                                   127        164               (B)          --
..Koyukon                                    58         53                 7         11
..Kuchin                                  1,217        422              302         189
..Tanaina                                    11         24               (B)          --
..Chasta Costa                               84        101                 5         10
..Hupa                                      174        175               (B)          --
..Apache                                 14,012      1,527              495         185
..Kiowa                                   1,274        466              122          72
..Tlingit                                 1,026        277                84         55
..Mountain Maidu                            319        176                22         38
..Northwest Maidu                            32         53                32         53
..Sierra Miwok                              216        261               (B)          --
..Nomlaki                                    38         49               (B)          --
..Wintun                                     24         26               (B)          --
..Foothill North Yokuts                     407        204              111         113
..Tachi                                      45         74                26         43
..Santiam                                    50         81               (B)          --
..Siuslaw                                     6          9               (B)          --
..Klamath                                    95         73                26         44
..Nez Perce                                 942        329              114          83
..Sahaptian                               1,654        589              102          67
..Upper Chinook                              58         54                 6         10
..Tsimshian                                  68         66               (B)          --
..Achumawi                                   68         61               (B)          --
..Atsugewi                                   15         26               (B)          --
..Karok                                     700        373                38         44
..Pomo                                      648        318                96         95
..Washo                                     227        152                22         30
..Cocomaricopa                               44         49                10         16
..Mohave                                    330        193                21         25
..Yuma                                      172         97                55         59
..Diegueno                                  228        138              139         123
..Delta River Yuman                         483        191              110          98
..Havasupai                                  90        101                47         79
..Walapai                                   458        197                22         19
..Yavapai                                   139         90               (B)          --




                                   US
                          Page: 4 of Pages: 220
                                                          Spoke English
                                  Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                      1                            1
                                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
  ..Chumash                              39         69                39         69
  ..Tonkawa                              29         36               (B)          --
  ..Yuchi                                 4         10               (B)          --
  ..Crow                              3,962        523              261         202
  ..Hidatsa                             806        341                36         38
  ..Mandan                              104         96                40         57
  ..Dakota                           18,804      1,363           1,855          402
  ..Chiwere                              60         52               (B)          --
  ..Winnebago                         1,340        357                84         67
  ..Kansa                                 7         10               (B)          --
  ..Omaha                               457        192                 9         13
  ..Osage                               260        153                53         59
  ..Ponca                               131         96                 9         14
  ..Alabama                             165         88                33         39
  ..Choctaw                          10,368      1,180           2,430          582
  ..Mikasuki                            188        131                43         63
  ..Koasati                              59         53                 4          8
  ..Muskogee                          5,072        708              995         226
  ..Chetemacha                           89         64                19         32
  ..Keres                            13,073      1,181              810         234
  ..Iroquois                             76         71               (B)          --
  ..Mohawk                            1,423        494              166          99
  ..Oneida                              527        335              309         295
  ..Onondaga                            239        180                 7         14
  ..Cayuga                                6         12               (B)          --
  ..Seneca                            1,353        446              152          97
  ..Tuscarora                           179        152                18         27
  ..Cherokee                         12,320      1,264           2,012          488
  ..Arikara                             103         83               (B)          --
  ..Caddo                                51         64                12         21
  ..Pawnee                              122        111                20         28
  ..Wichita                             242        175                39         49
  ..Comanche                            963        341              102         114
  ..Mono                                349        362               (B)          --
  ..Paiute                            1,638        568              193         104
  ..Northern Paiute                      12         21               (B)          --
  ..Chemehuevi                           15         27               (B)          --
  ..Ute                               1,625        467                85         53
  ..Shoshoni                          2,512        435              182          83
  ..Hopi                              6,776      1,473           1,274          385
  ..Cahuilla                            139        148               (B)          --
  ..Cupeno                               11         20               (B)          --
  ..Luiseno                             327        203                14         26
  ..Serrano                               5         10               (B)          --
  ..Pima                              8,190      1,297           1,204          436
  ..Yaqui                               425        158                43         40
  ..Tiwa                              2,269        604                73         78
  ..Tewa                              5,123        864              707         361
  ..Towa                              2,192        578              606         225
  ..Zuni                              9,432      1,996           1,341          944
  ..Chinook Jargon                      644        736              114         119
  ..American Indian                   8,888      1,076           1,487          382
  ..Jicarilla                           455        155                66         61
  ..Chiricahua                          457        313               (B)          --
  ..Spokane                              20         25                 8         15
.Hungarian                           94,125      3,675          27,473        1,825
.Arabic                             760,505    15,845          263,704        8,573
.Hebrew                             216,615      7,104          40,291        2,704
.African languages                  710,214    15,252          234,509        6,819
  ..Amharic                         146,337      6,535          64,140        3,196
  ..Berber                            1,475        550              455         222
  ..Chadic                            5,091      1,254           1,533          673
  ..Cushite                          90,434      5,808          50,577        3,806
  ..Sudanic                           8,966      1,835           5,728        1,391
  ..Nilotic                           4,964      1,399           1,577          507




                               US
                      Page: 5 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
      ..Nilo-hamitic                                                                525                  357                223                  180
      ..Nubian                                                                      129                  124                  34                  56
      ..Saharan                                                                      19                   30                 (B)                   --
      ..Khoisan                                                                      19                   32                 (B)                   --
      ..Swahili                                                                  72,404                4,763            15,897                 1,793
      ..Bantu                                                                    42,098                3,028            11,507                 1,977
      ..Mande                                                                    27,657                3,314            11,719                 1,747
      ..Fulani                                                                   22,469                2,407            10,544                 1,569
      ..Gur                                                                         849                  494                225                  242
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                        267,174                9,400            54,983                 3,218
      ..Efik                                                                      5,497                1,091                613                  239
      ..Mbum                                                                        340                  394                127                  149
      ..African                                                                  13,767                1,970             4,627                 1,076
    .Other and unspecified languages                                            121,569                6,870            45,975                 3,512
      ..Finnish                                                                  25,806                1,589             4,782                   618
      ..Estonian                                                                  5,938                  734             1,484                   348
      ..Lapp                                                                         23                   31                   5                   8
      ..Other Uralic languages                                                       31                   51                  31                  51
      ..Caucasian                                                                 6,870                1,607             3,294                   897
      ..Basque                                                                    1,649                  473                527                  216
      ..Syriac                                                                   61,272                5,133            25,099                 2,476
      ..Aztecan                                                                   1,327                  485             1,035                   389
      ..Sonoran                                                                      63                   62                 (B)                   --
      ..Misumalpan                                                                  127                  201                127                  201
      ..Mayan languages                                                           6,832                1,277             5,257                 1,084
      ..Tarascan                                                                    470                  395                414                  381
      ..Mapuche                                                                     214                  289                  36                  60
      ..Oto - Manguen                                                             2,596                  947             2,147                   878
      ..Quechua                                                                     935                  420                437                  241
      ..Aymara                                                                       63                   76                  20                  32
      ..Arawakian                                                                 1,960                  641                614                  331
      ..Chibchan                                                                     48                   58                  24                  40
      ..Tupi-guarani                                                                456                  306                248                  163
      ..Uncodable Entries                                                         4,889                  621                394                  153

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                         US
                                                                Page: 6 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 2. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Alaska: 2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                 Spoke English
                                                                  Number of          Margin of       less than         Margin of
                                                                                             1                                 1
                                                                   speakers             Error      "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                       630,423               491           36,828             2,140
Spoke only English at home                                          533,112             3,357               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          97,311             3,255           36,828             2,140


Spoke a language other than English at home                           97,311            3,255           36,828             2,140

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                            22,734            1,699            7,767             1,002
   ..Spanish                                                          22,734            1,699            7,767             1,002

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         14,309            1,763            3,145              807
 .French                                                               2,039              490              349              240
    ..French                                                           2,030              489              349              240
    ..Patois                                                                9              17               (B)               --
 .French Creole                                                          167              171               (B)               --
 .Italian                                                                413              167                39              42
 .Portuguese                                                             406              235                30              34
    ..Portuguese                                                         406              235                30              34
 .German                                                               3,618              781              348              145
    ..German                                                           3,618              781              348              145
 .Yiddish                                                                 (B)               --              (B)               --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                          395              330               (B)               --
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                   55              67               (B)               --
    ..Dutch                                                              315              318               (B)               --
    ..Afrikaans                                                            25              43               (B)               --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 786              229                74              71
    ..Swedish                                                            214              100                 7              11
    ..Danish                                                             144              123               (B)               --
    ..Norwegian                                                          409              146                65              70
    ..Icelandic                                                            19              27                 2               4
 .Greek                                                                    64              70                16              27
 .Russian                                                              3,864              854            1,244              532
 .Polish                                                                 506              270              297              265
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                               231              250              218              250
    ..Serbocroatian                                                        13              22               (B)               --
    ..Croatian                                                             70              91                70              91
    ..Serbian                                                            148              235              148              235
 .Other Slavic languages                                                 482              199              213              139
    ..Ukrainian                                                          171              120              106               98
    ..Czech                                                              122              114                 5               9
    ..Slovak                                                               14              23               (B)               --
    ..Bulgarian                                                          111              135                52              85
    ..Macedonian                                                           50              63                50              63
    ..Slovene                                                              14              23               (B)               --
 .Armenian                                                                  9              15                 5               8
 .Persian                                                                191              276                17              27
 .Hindi                                                                  152              137                13              21
 .Gujarati                                                                (B)               --              (B)               --
 .Urdu                                                                   209              176               (B)               --
 .Other Indic languages                                                    80              64                32              40
    ..Bengali                                                              30              41                17              30
    ..Marathi                                                              25              42               (B)               --




                                                               AK
                                                      Page: 7 of Pages: 220
                                                                               Spoke English
                                                      Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                           1                            1
                                                       speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Sinhalese                                              15           27                15         27
   ..Romany                                                 10           16               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                            697          471              250         222
   ..Krio                                                   21           32                21         32
   ..Pidgin                                                124          146               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                               56           72               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                           75           65               (B)          --
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                           6          11               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                              343          435              172         204
   ..Lettish                                                72          114                57         90

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                        28,262      1,213           15,168       1,164
 .Chinese                                                  1,028        342              556         248
    ..Chinese                                                716        275              461         236
    ..Cantonese                                              181        158                66         80
    ..Mandarin                                               115         86                13         22
    ..Formosan                                                16         29                16         29
 .Japanese                                                 1,696        560              677         305
 .Korean                                                   3,639        725            2,710         661
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                       245        203              122         104
 .Hmong                                                      636        427              539         387
 .Thai                                                       664        284              305         161
 .Laotian                                                    680        380              265         176
 .Vietnamese                                                 976        370              816         365
 .Other Asian languages                                      786        465              348         217
    ..Uighur                                                  12         24               (B)          --
    ..Turkish                                                161        121                99        101
    ..Mongolian                                               21         31               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                                  31         51               (B)          --
    ..Tamil                                                   16         53               (B)          --
    ..Miao-yao, Mien                                         545        457              249         196
 .Tagalog                                                 13,062      1,197            7,226         919
 .Other Pacific Island languages                           4,850        866            1,604         504
    ..Indonesian                                             147        225                69        110
    ..Malay                                                   20         35               (B)          --
    ..Bisayan                                                339        224              213         139
    ..Sebuano                                                100         89                18         30
    ..Ilocano                                                869        365              393         234
    ..Pampangan                                               92        107                66         68
    ..Micronesian                                            307        459              254         381
    ..Chamorro                                               131        143               (B)          --
    ..Marshallese                                             81        106                44         55
    ..Palau                                                   31         44               (B)          --
    ..Ponapean                                                49         74               (B)          --
    ..Samoan                                               1,976        462              447         219
    ..Tongan                                                 220        199              100         103
    ..Tokelauan                                                7         13               (B)          --
    ..Fijian                                                   3          5               (B)          --
    ..Hawaiian                                               478        321               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                       32,006      1,397           10,748         792
 .Navajo                                                     123         75                 7         11
 .Other Native North American languages                   29,844      1,241            9,830         708
   ..Aleut                                                 1,123        352              220         131
   ..Pacific Gulf Yupik                                        8         13               (B)          --




                                                   AK
                                          Page: 8 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Eskimo                                                                    1,879                  360                505                  145
     .. Inupik                                                                    5,062                  601             1,328                   236
      ..St Lawrence Is Yupik                                                        974                  253                392                  171
      ..Yupik                                                                    17,997                  917             6,822                   587
      ..Algonquian                                                                   15                   26                 (B)                   --
      ..Cheyenne                                                                     11                   19                 (B)                   --
      ..Cree                                                                         25                   33                 (B)                   --
      ..Ojibwa                                                                       11                   19                 (B)                   --
      ..Haida                                                                        56                   44                 (B)                   --
      ..Athapascan                                                                1,365                  305                295                  140
      ..Ahtena                                                                       18                   27                 (B)                   --
      ..Koyukon                                                                      53                   52                   7                  11
      ..Kuchin                                                                      220                   77                  66                  43
      ..Tanaina                                                                      11                   24                 (B)                   --
      ..Chasta Costa                                                                  5                   10                   5                  10
      ..Tlingit                                                                     725                  212                  84                  55
      ..Upper Chinook                                                                 7                   11                 (B)                   --
      ..Tsimshian                                                                    52                   59                 (B)                   --
      ..Walapai                                                                       8                   13                 (B)                   --
      ..Dakota                                                                        6                     8                (B)                   --
      ..Choctaw                                                                      91                  138                 (B)                   --
      ..Pima                                                                         16                   19                   8                  12
      ..American Indian                                                             106                  143                  98                 142
    .Hungarian                                                                      116                  105                   7                  11
    .Arabic                                                                         675                  380                214                  131
    .Hebrew                                                                         233                  247                  40                  66
    .African languages                                                              730                  425                607                  410
      ..Cushite                                                                     253                  242                218                  240
      ..Sudanic                                                                      86                  121                  86                 121
      ..Nilotic                                                                     233                  313                211                  305
      ..Swahili                                                                      36                   51                  31                  54
      ..Bantu                                                                        61                   57                  22                  37
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                             24                   31                  10                  17
      ..African                                                                      37                   49                  29                  48
    .Other and unspecified languages                                                285                  136                  43                  65
      ..Finnish                                                                     190                  131                  43                  65
      ..Uncodable Entries                                                            95                   74                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey

     ..

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              AK
     Page: 11 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 3. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Alabama: 2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                Spoke English
                                                                   Number of        Margin of       less than         Margin of
                                                                    speakers           Error1     "Very Well"            Error1

 .Population 5 years and over                                      4,320,582             931           81,591             2,853
Spoke only English at home                                         4,139,666           3,897               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          180,916           3,909           81,591             2,853


Spoke a language other than English at home                          180,916           3,909           81,591             2,853

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           107,842           2,595           56,540             2,129
   ..Spanish                                                         107,842           2,595           56,540             2,129

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         35,553           2,506            8,612             1,282
 .French                                                               7,543             923            1,774               466
    ..French                                                           7,324             860            1,756               460
    ..Patois                                                             170             176                14               25
    ..Cajun                                                                49             50                 4                8
 .French Creole                                                          714             502              274               333
 .Italian                                                              1,502             410              270               133
 .Portuguese                                                           1,117             345              219               206
    ..Portuguese                                                       1,117             345              219               206
 .German                                                              10,019             992            1,745               391
    ..German                                                          10,019             992            1,745               391
 .Yiddish                                                                  30             37               (B)                --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                          578             290              130                87
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                   94             88                78               86
    ..Dutch                                                              230             108                52               54
    ..Afrikaans                                                          138             145               (B)                --
    ..Frisian                                                            116             190               (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 520             253                70               79
    ..Swedish                                                            155             100                15               25
    ..Danish                                                               90             97               (B)                --
    ..Norwegian                                                          275             150                55               74
 .Greek                                                                  857             334              199               206
 .Russian                                                              1,593             507              981               398
 .Polish                                                                 381             215                56               48
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                               463             242              231               194
    ..Serbocroatian                                                      149             117                55               67
    ..Croatian                                                           258             189              157               182
    ..Serbian                                                              56             70                19               31
 .Other Slavic languages                                                 536             276              166               134
    ..Ukrainian                                                          162             123                55               67
    ..Czech                                                              242             213                62              102
    ..Slovak                                                               85             75                45               57
    ..Bulgarian                                                            43             54               (B)                --
    ..Macedonian                                                            4              7                 4                7
 .Armenian                                                                (B)              --              (B)                --
 .Persian                                                              1,147             498              453               268
 .Hindi                                                                3,283             949              570               252
 .Gujarati                                                               767             336              221               164
 .Urdu                                                                   766             450              102                93
 .Other Indic languages                                                2,416             977              786               447
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                       586             429              477               408
    ..Bengali                                                            789             633                84               80
    ..Panjabi                                                            340             346                70               91




                                                               AL
                                                      Page: 12 of Pages: 220
                                                                               Spoke English
                                                       Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                           1                            1
                                                        speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Marathi                                                 239        184                19         22
   ..Oriya                                                    45         59                 6         10
   ..Nepali                                                   85         82                62         72
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                         271        375                40         53
   ..Sinhalese                                                33         38               (B)          --
   ..Romany                                                   28         48                28         48
 .Other Indo-European languages                            1,321        612              365         209
   ..Jamaican Creole                                         503        492              136         135
   ..Romanian                                                617        344              179         161
   ..Welsh                                                    18         30                18         30
   ..Irish Gaelic                                             56         58                14         25
   ..Lithuanian                                               18         30                18         30
   ..Lettish                                                  51         53               (B)          --
   ..Pashto                                                   58         94               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                        28,643      1,944           13,982       1,309
 .Chinese                                                  6,971      1,023            3,368         675
    ..Chinese                                              5,264        884            2,530         562
    ..Cantonese                                              305        202              115         114
    ..Mandarin                                             1,089        515              582         324
    ..Formosan                                               313        180              141         127
 .Japanese                                                 3,043        740            1,736         600
 .Korean                                                   4,546        776            2,598         542
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                       424        375              225         242
 .Hmong                                                       28         34                16         27
 .Thai                                                       970        353              485         227
 .Laotian                                                  1,441        570              734         381
 .Vietnamese                                               5,484        925            3,169         746
 .Other Asian languages                                    2,989        921              881         399
    ..Uighur                                                  23         38                23         38
    ..Turkish                                                929        503              346         237
    ..Mongolian                                                3          7               (B)          --
    ..Tungus                                                  40         49               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                               1,112        518              341         268
    ..Kannada                                                229        172                73        112
    ..Malayalam                                              124         98                 5          9
    ..Tamil                                                  486        240                93         86
    ..Burmese                                                 43         72               (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                                  2,107        488              502         193
 .Other Pacific Island languages                             640        320              268         176
    ..Indonesian                                              83         77                66         77
    ..Javanese                                                43         62                43         62
    ..Malay                                                   25         30                18         28
    ..Bisayan                                                 46         50               (B)          --
    ..Sebuano                                                 19         31                19         31
    ..Ilocano                                                 22         27               (B)          --
    ..Chamorro                                               130         84                52         43
    ..Palau                                                   17         29               (B)          --
    ..Melanesian                                               4          8               (B)          --
    ..Samoan                                                 232        265                51         76
    ..Hawaiian                                                19         32                19         32

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        8,878      1,462            2,457         801
 .Navajo                                                      33         56               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                      569        241              130         113




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                                          Page: 13 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Cheyenne                                                                     19                   27                 (B)                   --
     .. Dakota                                                                       59                   49                 (B)                   --
      ..Alabama                                                                       4                     6                (B)                   --
      ..Choctaw                                                                      18                   39                  11                  23
      ..Muskogee                                                                    128                   94                  37                  64
      ..Cherokee                                                                    269                  196                  24                  34
      ..American Indian                                                              72                   81                  58                  76
    .Hungarian                                                                      163                   92                  24                  30
    .Arabic                                                                       3,930                  954             1,174                   446
    .Hebrew                                                                         422                  237                  32                  37
    .African languages                                                            2,687                  849                380                  215
      ..Amharic                                                                     141                   92                  26                  31
      ..Berber                                                                       49                   81                  49                  81
      ..Chadic                                                                       13                   22                 (B)                   --
      ..Sudanic                                                                      87                  129                  87                 129
      ..Nilotic                                                                      13                   22                 (B)                   --
      ..Nubian                                                                       44                   76                 (B)                   --
      ..Swahili                                                                     632                  369                  89                  91
      ..Bantu                                                                       588                  523                 (B)                   --
      ..Mande                                                                        21                   36                 (B)                   --
      ..Fulani                                                                       70                   77                  17                  28
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                            915                  497                  40                  67
      ..Efik                                                                         25                   40                 (B)                   --
      ..African                                                                      89                   76                  72                  73
    .Other and unspecified languages                                              1,074                  618                717                  496
      ..Finnish                                                                      26                   30                 (B)                   --
      ..Caucasian                                                                   333                  533                252                  404
      ..Aztecan                                                                      18                   30                  18                  30
      ..Mayan languages                                                             509                  338                425                  286
      ..Quechua                                                                      15                   32                 (B)                   --
      ..Uncodable Entries                                                           173                  101                  22                  38

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




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     Page: 16 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 4. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Arkansas: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      2,633,385            1,029            80,115            2,638
Spoke only English at home                                         2,470,669            3,344                (X)              (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          162,716            3,194            80,115            2,638


Spoke a language other than English at home                          162,716            3,194            80,115            2,638

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           117,971            2,411            64,897            2,333
   ..Spanish                                                         117,971            2,411            64,897            2,333

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         18,584            1,358             3,684              679
 .French                                                               4,107              623               850              403
    ..French                                                           4,102              623               850              403
    ..Cajun                                                                5               10                (B)               --
 .French Creole                                                           69               71                (B)               --
 .Italian                                                              1,064              344               168               99
 .Portuguese                                                             719              345               153              118
    ..Portuguese                                                         719              345               153              118
 .German                                                               5,761              747               724              222
    ..German                                                           5,761              747               724              222
 .Yiddish                                                                 42               51                (B)               --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                          388              288               103              136
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                 240              270                 94             139
    ..Dutch                                                              137               78                  9              10
    ..Afrikaans                                                           11               18                (B)               --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 264              163                (B)               --
    ..Swedish                                                             59               56                (B)               --
    ..Danish                                                             111              119                (B)               --
    ..Norwegian                                                           94               94                (B)               --
 .Greek                                                                  211              148                 20              33
 .Russian                                                                553              200               222              122
 .Polish                                                                 305              166               156              113
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                               319              227               103              108
    ..Serbocroatian                                                       51               61                (B)               --
    ..Croatian                                                            15               24                (B)               --
    ..Serbian                                                            253              220               103              108
 .Other Slavic languages                                                 391              217               108              147
    ..Ukrainian                                                           54               57                (B)               --
    ..Czech                                                              301              203                 94             145
    ..Bulgarian                                                           36               44                 14              21
 .Armenian                                                                24               42                (B)               --
 .Persian                                                                373              296                 86              81
 .Hindi                                                                  709              308                 98             147
 .Gujarati                                                               551              348               278              207
 .Urdu                                                                   910              450               122              110
 .Other Indic languages                                                  956              319               233              161
    ..India n.e.c. 2                                                     188              166                 46              70
    ..Bengali                                                            342              259                 84             109
    ..Panjabi                                                            120              148                 13              31
    ..Marathi                                                            114              164                 50              73
    ..Nepali                                                             109               92                 40              48
    ..Sinhalese                                                           22               36                (B)               --




                                                               AR
                                                      Page: 17 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
      ..Romany                                               61          103               (B)          --
 .   Other Indo-European languages                          868          347              260         138
      ..Krio                                                 15           27               (B)          --
      ..Romanian                                            457          297              132         112
      ..Welsh                                                15           26                15         26
      ..Irish Gaelic                                        283          157                88         92
      ..Albanian                                             30           49               (B)          --
      ..Lithuanian                                           43           54               (B)          --
      ..Lettish                                              25           42                25         42

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                        21,409       1,298           10,719       1,013
 .Chinese                                                  3,288         709            1,726         531
    ..Chinese                                              3,051         667            1,681         529
    ..Cantonese                                                86         79                20         24
    ..Mandarin                                                 85         78               (B)          --
    ..Formosan                                                 66         77                25         43
 .Japanese                                                   954         370              476         278
 .Korean                                                   1,871         671              882         411
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                        (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Hmong                                                    2,483       1,082              929         447
 .Thai                                                       252         186              216         170
 .Laotian                                                  3,011         753            2,008         625
 .Vietnamese                                               4,272       1,013            2,581         641
 .Other Asian languages                                    1,860         480              582         273
    ..Turkish                                                378         202                40         46
    ..Mongolian                                              116         144              116         144
    ..Telugu                                                 555         276              167         161
    ..Kannada                                                127         154                34         54
    ..Malayalam                                              274         232              151         165
    ..Tamil                                                  410         240                74         70
 .Tagalog                                                  2,135         541              624         260
 .Other Pacific Island languages                           1,283         266              695         225
    ..Indonesian                                               81         69                45         50
    ..Malay                                                    27         47               (B)          --
    ..Bisayan                                                  32         34                12         19
    ..Sebuano                                                158         151                25         36
    ..Marshallese                                            961         210              589         227
    ..Tongan                                                   19         33                19         33
    ..Hawaiian                                                  5          9                 5          9

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        4,752       1,310              815         366
 .Navajo                                                      21          32               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                      475         177                82         64
   ..Kuchin                                                    6          13                 6         13
   ..Tlingit                                                   6          13               (B)          --
   ..Delta River Yuman                                        19          32                19         32
   ..Dakota                                                   10          17               (B)          --
   ..Choctaw                                                  13          22               (B)          --
   ..Muskogee                                                 21          30                12         16
   ..Cherokee                                                355         160                45         54
   ..Pima                                                     13          22               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                          32          53               (B)          --
 .Hungarian                                                  277         254               (B)          --
 .Arabic                                                   2,063         924              553         303
 .Hebrew                                                     554         704               (B)          --




                                                   AR
                                          Page: 18 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    .African languages                                                            1,199                  436                160                  158
      ..Amharic                                                                      23                   35                 (B)                   --
      ..Cushite                                                                      27                   53                 (B)                   --
      ..Sudanic                                                                       4                     6                  4                    6
      ..Swahili                                                                     304                  232                108                  142
      ..Bantu                                                                       283                  162                  25                  42
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                            411                  285                 (B)                   --
      ..African                                                                     147                  158                  23                  42
    .Other and unspecified languages                                                163                  105                  20                  34
      ..Caucasian                                                                    14                   24                 (B)                   --
      ..Syriac                                                                       20                   34                  20                  34
      ..Uncodable Entries                                                           129                   98                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey

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                                                               Page: 19 of Pages: 220
                                          Spoke English
                  Number of   Margin of       less than   Margin of
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              AR
     Page: 20 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 5. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Arizona: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than         Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      5,843,921               719          706,415            10,288
Spoke only English at home                                         4,216,116            10,902               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                        1,627,805            10,953          706,415            10,288


Spoke a language other than English at home                        1,627,805            10,953          706,415            10,288

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                         1,267,440             8,967          597,776             9,255
   ..Spanish                                                       1,267,440             8,967          597,776             9,255

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        123,588             5,147           32,735             2,789
 .French                                                              14,983             1,370            2,449               370
    ..French                                                          14,962             1,372            2,449               370
    ..Patois                                                              21                33               (B)                --
 .French Creole                                                          618               463                 9               15
 .Italian                                                              7,851             1,033            1,488               374
 .Portuguese                                                           2,546               523              399               168
    ..Portuguese                                                       2,504               517              399               168
    ..Papia Mentae                                                        42                70               (B)                --
 .German                                                              22,406             1,663            2,898               495
    ..German                                                          22,318             1,645            2,898               495
    ..Luxembourgian                                                       88                90               (B)                --
 .Yiddish                                                                405               186                35               40
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        3,273               548              346               156
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                  56                66                18               29
    ..Dutch                                                            2,839               515              289               141
    ..Afrikaans                                                          378               214                39               47
 .Scandinavian languages                                               2,628               584              373               189
    ..Swedish                                                          1,154               451              145               112
    ..Danish                                                             658               272                82               61
    ..Norwegian                                                          633               239                56               53
    ..Icelandic                                                          183               193                90              148
 .Greek                                                                3,243               688              487               262
 .Russian                                                              8,495             1,436            3,819             1,012
 .Polish                                                               7,799             1,229            2,168               500
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                            10,456             1,951            4,595             1,131
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    6,557             1,525            3,044               952
    ..Croatian                                                           858               373              225               137
    ..Serbian                                                          3,041             1,116            1,326               596
 .Other Slavic languages                                               3,207               596            1,171               416
    ..Ukrainian                                                          723               299              179               110
    ..Czech                                                              928               306              276               137
    ..Slovak                                                             416               205              116                86
    ..Bulgarian                                                          836               394              490               392
    ..Macedonian                                                         239               189                94              139
    ..Slovene                                                             65                54                16               26
 .Armenian                                                             1,557               478              507               240
 .Persian                                                              5,550             1,223            1,888               603
 .Hindi                                                                7,536             1,474            2,239             1,018
 .Gujarati                                                             3,530               928            1,510               488
 .Urdu                                                                 1,163               442              221               154
 .Other Indic languages                                                6,658             1,333            1,910               571




                                                               AZ
                                                      Page: 21 of Pages: 220
                                                                          Spoke English
                                                  Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                      1                            1
                                                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
             2
   ..India n.e.c.                                       673        420              384         322
   ..Bengali                                          1,745        617              497         216
   ..Panjabi                                          1,791        633              709         373
   ..Marathi                                          1,085        544                92        109
   ..Bihari                                              67        112                67        112
   ..Oriya                                               83         88               (B)          --
   ..Assamese                                            21         35               (B)          --
   ..Sindhi                                              76         77                58         69
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                    259        307               (B)          --
   ..Sinhalese                                          843        572              103          82
   ..Romany                                              15         24               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                       9,684      1,720           4,223        1,128
   ..Jamaican Creole                                     64         79               (B)          --
   ..Krio                                                76        127                42         71
   ..Romanian                                         5,650      1,255           2,470          784
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       250        172                43         50
   ..Albanian                                         2,238      1,276           1,329          817
   ..Lithuanian                                         441        220              143         131
   ..Lettish                                            106         89               (B)          --
   ..Pashto                                             422        327                77         75
   ..Kurdish                                            437        423              119         118

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                   89,394      3,230           40,208       2,520
 .Chinese                                            20,940      1,852           11,070       1,231
    ..Chinese                                        15,357      1,475            8,121       1,042
    ..Cantonese                                       2,030        657            1,181         454
    ..Mandarin                                        3,035        769            1,379         510
    ..Formosan                                          518        272              389         262
 .Japanese                                            6,854      1,042            2,795         724
 .Korean                                              8,726      1,359            4,491         777
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                1,795        735              743         433
 .Hmong                                                  34         40               (B)          --
 .Thai                                                2,116        505              798         268
 .Laotian                                             2,023        741            1,087         445
 .Vietnamese                                         16,670      2,082           10,837       1,642
 .Other Asian languages                               8,686      1,332            2,146         621
    ..Kazakh                                             84        129                84        129
    ..Turkish                                         1,752        819              876         458
    ..Mongolian                                          21         35               (B)          --
    ..Dravidian                                          49         81               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                          2,884        889              601         290
    ..Kannada                                           591        289               (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                       1,046        400              266         221
    ..Tamil                                           1,979        661                75         65
    ..Burmese                                           280        342              244         329
 .Tagalog                                            16,252      1,718            4,590         828
 .Other Pacific Island languages                      5,298        977            1,651         433
    ..Indonesian                                      1,093        398              529         218
    ..Cham                                               21         34               (B)          --
    ..Malay                                             229        190                26         43
    ..Bisayan                                           398        329                59         59
    ..Sebuano                                           165        148                24         39
    ..Pangasinan                                         60         97                60         97
    ..Ilocano                                           166        128                57         67
    ..Pampangan                                          22         26                 5         11




                                              AZ
                                     Page: 22 of Pages: 220
                                                                               Spoke English
                                                       Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                           1                            1
                                                        speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Micronesian                                            106         131                91        128
   ..Chamorro                                               433         209              134         137
   ..Marshallese                                            430         320              352         291
   ..Ponapean                                                38          59                38         59
   ..Melanesian                                             226         139                48         50
   ..Samoan                                                 626         289                 8         14
   ..Tongan                                                 903         534              186         177
   ..Fijian                                                  41          48               (B)          --
   ..Nukuoro                                                 76         104               (B)          --
   ..Hawaiian                                               265         141                34         42

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                      147,383      4,412           35,696       2,887
 .Navajo                                                  88,251      2,999           21,154       2,130
 .Other Native North American languages                   28,966      2,319            3,374         667
   ..Eskimo                                                   42         52               (B)          --
   ..Inupik                                                   57         93               (B)          --
   ..Yupik                                                    23         26                23         26
   ..Arapaho                                                  31         36               (B)          --
   ..Menomini                                                 28         47               (B)          --
   ..Haida                                                    13         22               (B)          --
   ..Athapascan                                               23         39                23         39
   ..Apache                                               11,545      1,370              346         161
   ..Kiowa                                                    50         53               (B)          --
   ..Cocomaricopa                                             44         49                10         16
   ..Mohave                                                   87        120                 8         14
   ..Yuma                                                     11         17               (B)          --
   ..Delta River Yuman                                       409        179                64         80
   ..Havasupai                                                90        101                47         79
   ..Walapai                                                 450        197                22         19
   ..Yavapai                                                  95         57               (B)          --
   ..Dakota                                                  109         99                37         61
   ..Omaha                                                    30         47               (B)          --
   ..Choctaw                                                  81         91               (B)          --
   ..Muskogee                                                 46         47               (B)          --
   ..Cherokee                                                321        300              230         293
   ..Paiute                                                   15         20                 6         11
   ..Chemehuevi                                               15         27               (B)          --
   ..Shoshoni                                                 66         83                22         35
   ..Hopi                                                  6,326      1,480            1,229         393
   ..Luiseno                                                 120        183               (B)          --
   ..Pima                                                  7,572      1,239            1,054         384
   ..Yaqui                                                   408        164                43         40
   ..Tiwa                                                      9         15               (B)          --
   ..Tewa                                                    640        383              165         151
   ..Towa                                                     14         24                14         24
   ..Zuni                                                    103        110               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                          93         63                31         35
 .Hungarian                                                2,119        528              529         234
 .Arabic                                                  12,708      2,235            5,143       1,236
 .Hebrew                                                   1,306        380              210         160
 .African languages                                        9,785      1,638            3,609       1,232
   ..Amharic                                               1,462        742              799         598
   ..Cushite                                               1,816      1,069            1,173         781
   ..Sudanic                                                 702        637              228         322
   ..Nilotic                                                 100        167                16         28




                                                   AZ
                                          Page: 23 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Swahili                                                                   1,704                  850                324                  234
     .. Bantu                                                                     1,125                  634                597                  523
      ..Mande                                                                       415                  464                 (B)                   --
      ..Fulani                                                                      250                  295                138                  192
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                          2,042                  652                320                  192
      ..Efik                                                                         35                   59                 (B)                   --
      ..African                                                                     134                  167                  14                  23
    .Other and unspecified languages                                              4,248                1,065             1,677                   574
      ..Finnish                                                                     638                  308                165                  138
      ..Estonian                                                                    120                  119                  35                  57
      ..Basque                                                                       14                   22                 (B)                   --
      ..Syriac                                                                    2,892                  952             1,087                   499
      ..Aztecan                                                                      38                   46                  38                  46
      ..Sonoran                                                                      26                   43                 (B)                   --
      ..Mayan languages                                                             130                   87                103                   83
      ..Oto - Manguen                                                               187                  246                187                  246
      ..Quechua                                                                      14                   22                  14                  22
      ..Aymara                                                                       43                   69                  20                  32
      ..Arawakian                                                                    59                   71                 (B)                   --
      ..Uncodable Entries                                                            87                   86                  28                  46

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey

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                                                                        AZ
                                                               Page: 24 of Pages: 220
                                          Spoke English
                  Number of   Margin of       less than   Margin of
                                      1                           1
                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"      Error
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              AZ
     Page: 25 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 6. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for California: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than          Margin of
                                                                                              1                                   1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"             Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      33,748,857               995        6,709,325            30,094
Spoke only English at home                                         19,456,202            36,818               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                        14,292,655            36,854        6,709,325            30,094


Spoke a language other than English at home                        14,292,655            36,856        6,709,325            30,094

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                          9,531,304            27,041        4,635,242            25,128
   ..Spanish                                                        9,531,256            27,033        4,635,242            25,128
   ..Ladino                                                                48                79               (B)                --

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                       1,448,020            15,944          473,297             8,743
 .French                                                              127,641             4,219           22,000             1,644
    ..French                                                          126,658             4,200           21,818             1,621
    ..Patois                                                              800               335                98               93
    ..Cajun                                                               183               153                84              136
 .French Creole                                                         5,968             1,147            1,166               368
 .Italian                                                              66,394             2,447           16,370             1,262
 .Portuguese                                                           76,753             3,647           25,338             1,880
    ..Portuguese                                                       76,319             3,614           25,338             1,880
    ..Papia Mentae                                                        434               576               (B)                --
 .German                                                              117,858             3,788           15,620               966
    ..German                                                          117,572             3,794           15,598               965
    ..Luxembourgian                                                       286               184                22               36
 .Yiddish                                                               6,043               963              870               287
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        26,246             1,925            4,080               749
    ..Dutch                                                            23,068             1,825            3,776               746
    ..Afrikaans                                                         2,932               646              274               167
    ..Frisian                                                             246               149                30               34
 .Scandinavian languages                                               24,681             1,996            2,811               555
    ..Swedish                                                          12,355             1,525            1,520               483
    ..Danish                                                            6,787               966              665               223
    ..Norwegian                                                         4,799               789              580               228
    ..Icelandic                                                           705               342                46               55
    ..Faroese                                                              35                56               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                26,183             2,069            5,894               869
 .Russian                                                             142,278             5,615           70,613             3,634
 .Polish                                                               23,484             2,374            7,357               914
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             22,125             2,087            7,373             1,018
    ..Serbocroatian                                                     8,557             1,172            3,496               597
    ..Croatian                                                          7,512             1,157            2,349               601
    ..Serbian                                                           6,056             1,282            1,528               507
 .Other Slavic languages                                               33,599             2,901           14,104             1,590
    ..Bielorussian                                                        139               137                72               94
    ..Ukrainian                                                        17,350             2,437            9,817             1,382
    ..Czech                                                             5,563               801            1,112               402
    ..Lusatian                                                             20                33               (B)                --
    ..Slovak                                                            2,363               730              646               258
    ..Bulgarian                                                         6,770             1,199            1,968               481
    ..Macedonian                                                          982               623              358               404
    ..Slovene                                                             412               149              131                99
 .Armenian                                                            174,358             6,720           83,371             3,745




                                                                CA
                                                       Page: 26 of Pages: 220
                                                                          Spoke English
                                                  Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                      1                            1
                                                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .Persian                                           180,269      6,154          72,594        3,446
 .Hindi                                             123,797      5,686          27,168        2,115
 .Gujarati                                           39,733      3,074          11,719        1,673
 .Urdu                                               36,151      3,616          10,809        1,506
 .Other Indic languages                             150,356      6,088          59,022        3,286
                  2
   ..India n.e.c.                                    11,318      1,755           3,061          741
   ..Bengali                                         17,826      1,736           5,117          862
   ..Panjabi                                         97,175      5,187          44,881        3,276
   ..Marathi                                         10,787      1,592           1,617          478
   ..Bihari                                              16         26                16         26
   ..Rajasthani                                         102        102                17         27
   ..Oriya                                              834        359              196         161
   ..Assamese                                           222        190               (B)          --
   ..Kashmiri                                           294        246                60        104
   ..Nepali                                           3,131      1,059           1,464          664
   ..Sindhi                                           1,058        391              130         116
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                  1,119        528              295         171
   ..Sinhalese                                        5,963      1,169           2,013          715
   ..Romany                                             511        388              155         156
 .Other Indo-European languages                      44,103      3,317          15,018        1,515
   ..Jamaican Creole                                  1,066        436                43         51
   ..Krio                                               317        289               (B)          --
   ..Pidgin                                             136        133                34         57
   ..Catalonian                                         128         98                17         29
   ..Romanian                                        24,436      2,398           9,462        1,300
   ..Welsh                                              238        115                48         50
   ..Irish Gaelic                                     3,088        710              485         242
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      83         91                 3           5
   ..Albanian                                         1,894        702              628         307
   ..Lithuanian                                       2,683        571              857         317
   ..Lettish                                          1,620        522              446         263
   ..Pashto                                           6,568      1,650           2,197          555
   ..Kurdish                                          1,811      1,088              798         483
   ..Tadzhik                                             35         59               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                3,027,505     16,754        1,512,017      12,230
 .Chinese                                           926,918     11,656          523,169       8,630
    ..Chinese                                       504,987     10,131          279,831       7,268
    ..Hakka                                             486        267              160         120
    ..Cantonese                                     219,085      7,027          138,691       5,092
    ..Mandarin                                      173,835      6,654           87,350       4,179
    ..Fuchow                                            122        113              107         109
    ..Formosan                                       27,610      1,944           16,376       1,535
    ..Wu                                                793        319              654         289
 .Japanese                                          143,291      5,089           71,179       3,452
 .Korean                                            347,778      8,743          214,451       5,643
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                               68,455      4,602           38,017       2,800
 .Hmong                                              67,522      4,122           35,184       2,830
 .Thai                                               41,448      3,464           23,458       2,198
 .Laotian                                            35,153      3,204           17,988       1,646
 .Vietnamese                                        460,203     10,352          281,793       7,495
 .Other Asian languages                             114,726      4,576           36,756       2,997
    ..Kazakh                                             58         77               50          68
    ..Karachay                                          132        103               36          59
    ..Uighur                                            391        423              236         345




                                              CA
                                     Page: 27 of Pages: 220
                                                                               Spoke English
                                                       Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                           1                            1
                                                        speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Azerabaijani                                            186        155                60         75
   ..Turkish                                              10,955      1,484           3,760          749
   ..Mongolian                                             2,337        810           1,645          723
   ..Dravidian                                               386        398               (B)          --
   ..Gondi                                                    14         23               (B)          --
   ..Telugu                                               27,680      2,777           6,320        1,212
   ..Kannada                                               7,866      1,227           1,127          549
   ..Malayalam                                             8,576      1,290           2,123          511
   ..Tamil                                                24,213      2,123           3,807          723
   ..Munda                                                   139        152               (B)          --
   ..Tibetan                                               1,147        592              782         536
   ..Burmese                                              15,806      2,836           9,745        2,114
   ..Karen                                                   626        503              523         455
   ..Miao-yao, Mien                                       14,212      1,989           6,542        1,035
 .Tagalog                                                706,785    12,946          227,906        7,177
 .Other Pacific Island languages                         115,226      5,717          42,116        2,687
   ..Indonesian                                           25,822      2,782          12,393        1,509
   ..Balinese                                                 47         55                47         55
   ..Cham                                                    417        348              208         225
   ..Malagasy                                                 40         67                40         67
   ..Malay                                                 2,021        560              563         219
   ..Bisayan                                               8,102      1,389           3,157          862
   ..Sebuano                                               3,766        902           1,179          385
   ..Pangasinan                                            1,431        540              665         346
   ..Ilocano                                              22,352      2,635          10,322        1,392
   ..Bikol                                                   345        232                52         52
   ..Pampangan                                             2,903      1,039           1,085          478
   ..Micronesian                                              74         89               (B)          --
   ..Carolinian                                               25         42               (B)          --
   ..Chamorro                                              5,818        999              828         269
   ..Marshallese                                             658        426              308         286
   ..Mokilese                                                209        240              174         194
   ..Mortlockese                                              40         63                40         63
   ..Palau                                                   828        347              220         146
   ..Ponapean                                                165        137               (B)          --
   ..Trukese                                                  84        138               (B)          --
   ..Yapese                                                   24         28                15         23
   ..Melanesian                                               96        139               (B)          --
   ..Polynesian                                              367        396                97        130
   ..Samoan                                               23,480      2,532           5,954          885
   ..Tongan                                               11,560      1,943           3,680          846
   ..Fijian                                                2,328        809              781         292
   ..Marquesan                                                42         49               (B)          --
   ..Maori                                                    26         43               (B)          --
   ..Hawaiian                                              2,156        546              308         202

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                      285,826      9,759           88,769       4,491
 .Navajo                                                   1,782        628              372         257
 .Other Native North American languages                    8,592      1,470            1,142         394
   ..Eskimo                                                   92         99               (B)          --
   ..Inupik                                                  135        140                54         62
   ..Yupik                                                   214        221               (B)          --
   ..Blackfoot                                                82         61               (B)          --
   ..Delaware                                                 40         69               (B)          --
   ..Menomini                                                 43         70               (B)          --




                                                   CA
                                          Page: 28 of Pages: 220
                                                               Spoke English
                                       Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                           1                            1
                                        speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
  ..French Cree                               38         62                38         62
  ..Abnaki                                    13         23               (B)          --
  ..Potawatomi                                40         50               (B)          --
  ..Yurok                                    491        387                 8         17
  ..Makah                                     33         40               (B)          --
  ..Kwakiutl                                  17         28               (B)          --
  ..Salish                                    43         70                43         70
  ..Puget Sound Salish                        52         86                52         86
  ..Kuchin                                    22         36               (B)          --
  ..Chasta Costa                              79        102               (B)          --
  ..Hupa                                     174        175               (B)          --
  ..Apache                                   219        129                20         28
  ..Kiowa                                     44         70               (B)          --
  ..Mountain Maidu                           304        173                22         38
  ..Sierra Miwok                             216        261               (B)          --
  ..Nomlaki                                   38         49               (B)          --
  ..Wintun                                    24         26               (B)          --
  ..Foothill No. Yokuts                      149         90                34         57
  ..Tachi                                     45         74                26         43
  ..Nez Perce                                  7         11               (B)          --
  ..Upper Chinook                             30         48               (B)          --
  ..Achumawi                                  68         61               (B)          --
  ..Karok                                    413        289                13         21
  ..Pomo                                     553        297                96         95
  ..Washo                                     29         32                15         29
  ..Mohave                                   142        127               (B)          --
  ..Yuma                                      63         55                13         24
  ..Diegueno                                  52         40               (B)          --
  ..Delta River Yuman                         55         50                27         44
  ..Mandan                                    67         91                33         56
  ..Dakota                                   643        289                22         36
  ..Choctaw                                  127        103                65         89
  ..Muskogee                                 115        107                22         33
  ..Keres                                    104        108                78         75
  ..Mohawk                                    20         25                15         24
  ..Cherokee                                 371        174                92         85
  ..Wichita                                   55         66                18         31
  ..Mono                                     349        362               (B)          --
  ..Paiute                                   292        153                 8         14
  ..Ute                                       18         32               (B)          --
  ..Shoshoni                                  95         62               (B)          --
  ..Cahuilla                                 139        148               (B)          --
  ..Cupeno                                    11         20               (B)          --
  ..Luiseno                                  196        159                 3           6
  ..Serrano                                    5         10               (B)          --
  ..Pima                                     169        198               (B)          --
  ..Yaqui                                     17         28               (B)          --
  ..Tewa                                     270        278              168         255
  ..Chinook Jargon                            21         35               (B)          --
  ..American Indian                        1,449        775              157         106
.Hungarian                                14,081      1,702           4,413          833
.Arabic                                  129,813      6,795          43,915        3,248
.Hebrew                                   39,275      3,329           7,213        1,012
.African languages                        65,466      4,604          20,106        1,753
  ..Amharic                               22,639      2,356           8,970        1,319




                                   CA
                          Page: 29 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Berber                                                                       30                   50                  14                  23
     .. Chadic                                                                      354                  367                  82                 104
      ..Cushite                                                                   6,287                1,683             2,998                 1,127
      ..Sudanic                                                                     519                  376                406                  315
      ..Nilotic                                                                     531                  429                146                  135
      ..Swahili                                                                   6,914                1,407             1,585                   533
      ..Bantu                                                                     5,482                1,217             1,192                   425
      ..Mande                                                                       791                  395                274                  202
      ..Fulani                                                                      541                  338                136                  157
      ..Gur                                                                          68                  114                 (B)                   --
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                         19,461                2,235             3,734                   841
      ..Efik                                                                        396                  188                  46                  60
      ..African                                                                   1,453                  657                523                  359
    .Other and unspecified languages                                             26,817                2,706            11,608                 1,718
      ..Finnish                                                                   3,011                  586                412                  166
      ..Estonian                                                                    894                  288                217                  130
      ..Caucasian                                                                   736                  527                238                  198
      ..Basque                                                                      590                  229                217                  115
      ..Syriac                                                                   18,192                2,460             8,112                 1,383
      ..Aztecan                                                                     354                  194                280                  168
      ..Mayan languages                                                           1,031                  475                784                  410
      ..Oto - Manguen                                                             1,620                  727             1,209                   650
      ..Quechua                                                                     106                   84                  52                  63
      ..Arawakian                                                                   217                  146                  87                  84
      ..Tupi-guarani                                                                 21                   34                 (B)                   --
      ..Uncodable Entries                                                            45                   54                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        CA
                                                               Page: 30 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 7. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Colorado: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than         Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      4,495,642             1,002          339,404             7,886
Spoke only English at home                                         3,733,134             8,930               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          762,508             8,928          339,404             7,886


Spoke a language other than English at home                          762,508             8,928          339,404             7,886

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           543,752             8,187          264,675             7,606
   ..Spanish                                                         543,752             8,187          264,675             7,606

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        108,127             4,507           26,696             2,392
 .French                                                              17,837             1,473            3,224               542
    ..French                                                          17,817             1,471            3,204               536
    ..Patois                                                              20                33                20               33
 .French Creole                                                          563               388              113               122
 .Italian                                                              5,617               910              951               323
 .Portuguese                                                           2,496               457              480               194
    ..Portuguese                                                       2,496               457              480               194
 .German                                                              29,255             1,927            4,960               485
    ..German                                                          29,232             1,925            4,960               485
    ..Luxembourgian                                                       23                38               (B)                --
 .Yiddish                                                                 94                74               (B)                0
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        3,508             1,048              366               307
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                 512               779              162               277
    ..Dutch                                                            2,728               622              204                98
    ..Afrikaans                                                          268               160               (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                               2,755               465              351               143
    ..Swedish                                                          1,312               356              142                94
    ..Danish                                                             613               269                96               82
    ..Norwegian                                                          638               263                99               70
    ..Icelandic                                                          192               105                14               24
 .Greek                                                                1,965               581              568               277
 .Russian                                                             15,298             2,120            7,829             1,341
 .Polish                                                               3,971               797            1,139               362
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             3,253             1,058            1,169               483
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    2,385               967            1,021               485
    ..Croatian                                                           461               299                72               69
    ..Serbian                                                            407               304                76               78
 .Other Slavic languages                                               4,521             1,533            1,074               427
    ..Ukrainian                                                        1,046               407              490               295
    ..Czech                                                            1,325               320              346               194
    ..Slovak                                                             293               161                78               90
    ..Bulgarian                                                        1,589             1,432              115                87
    ..Macedonian                                                          57                75                45               73
    ..Slovene                                                            211               130               (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                               403               201              210               141
 .Persian                                                              3,193               799              987               333
 .Hindi                                                                3,919             1,037              321               185
 .Gujarati                                                               765               330              100                90
 .Urdu                                                                 1,148               497              126               112
 .Other Indic languages                                                3,558               872            1,313               470
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                       346               265                16               27




                                                               CO
                                                      Page: 31 of Pages: 220
                                                                          Spoke English
                                                  Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                      1                            1
                                                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Bengali                                            660        411              186         160
   ..Panjabi                                            396        236              241         205
   ..Marathi                                            645        378                90         92
   ..Oriya                                               22         39               (B)          --
   ..Nepali                                           1,431        568              757         373
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                     18         29               (B)          --
   ..Sinhalese                                           40         41                23         29
 .Other Indo-European languages                       4,008      1,158           1,415          648
   ..Jamaican Creole                                    382        255              123         145
   ..Krio                                                85         85                85         85
   ..Pidgin                                              26         48               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                         1,057        336              381         198
   ..Welsh                                               92        101                76         99
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       201        111                32         37
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      88        121               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                           409        332                52         61
   ..Lithuanian                                         199        139                80         80
   ..Lettish                                            655        728              200         323
   ..Pashto                                             367        347                87        102
   ..Kurdish                                            447        692              299         453

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                   81,982      2,535           38,871       2,022
 .Chinese                                            16,336      1,513            8,186       1,179
    ..Chinese                                        12,089      1,320            5,979         993
    ..Cantonese                                       1,520        590              731         386
    ..Mandarin                                        2,233        662            1,167         407
    ..Formosan                                          494        310              309         242
 .Japanese                                            5,975      1,065            2,319         479
 .Korean                                             15,469      1,648            8,328       1,130
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                1,676        672              726         284
 .Hmong                                               3,018        859              993         348
 .Thai                                                2,508        593            1,319         412
 .Laotian                                             1,427        460              651         305
 .Vietnamese                                         18,275      1,821           10,443       1,270
 .Other Asian languages                               6,684      1,413            2,393         848
    ..Turkish                                           835        380              282         282
    ..Mongolian                                         317        224              246         194
    ..Telugu                                          1,985        837              510         367
    ..Kannada                                           358        211                24         37
    ..Malayalam                                         629        380                87         85
    ..Tamil                                           1,304        501              205         160
    ..Tibetan                                           386        242              253         207
    ..Burmese                                           186        189              102         161
    ..Karen                                             669        578              669         578
    ..Miao-yao, Mien                                     15         25                15         25
 .Tagalog                                             7,392      1,299            2,279         557
 .Other Pacific Island languages                      3,222        676            1,234         438
    ..Indonesian                                      1,214        433              567         260
    ..Malay                                             342        202              148         158
    ..Bisayan                                           152        119                31         52
    ..Sebuano                                            34         41               (B)          --
    ..Micronesian                                       104        160              104         160
    ..Chamorro                                          185         92                65         65
    ..Palau                                             270        241              148         143
    ..Trukese                                           164        194                26         55




                                              CO
                                     Page: 32 of Pages: 220
                                                                               Spoke English
                                                       Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                           1                            1
                                                        speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Samoan                                                 290         186                59         72
   ..Tongan                                                  88          84                80         73
   ..Fijian                                                  10          20               (B)          --
   ..Marquesan                                               22          37               (B)          --
   ..Maori                                                   80          71               (B)          --
   ..Hawaiian                                               267         213                 6         11

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                       28,647      2,618            9,162       1,588
 .Navajo                                                   2,572        657              187         100
 .Other Native North American languages                    2,489        601              252         127
   ..Blackfoot                                               129        204               (B)          --
   ..Cheyenne                                                186        175               (B)          --
   ..Fox                                                      15         24               (B)          --
   ..French Cree                                              15         25                15         25
   ..Athapascan                                               16         20               (B)          --
   ..Apache                                                  267        247               (B)          --
   ..Dakota                                                  280        143              102          90
   ..Choctaw                                                  11         21               (B)          --
   ..Muskogee                                                 23         40                23         40
   ..Keres                                                    60         96               (B)          --
   ..Iroquois                                                 16         33               (B)          --
   ..Cherokee                                                131        161                16         27
   ..Ute                                                     877        309                64         48
   ..Shoshoni                                                 34         40               (B)          --
   ..Hopi                                                     96        118               (B)          --
   ..Tiwa                                                     21         34               (B)          --
   ..Zuni                                                     41         51                27         48
   ..American Indian                                         271        225                 5          8
 .Hungarian                                                1,165        363              139          97
 .Arabic                                                   8,449      1,960            3,117       1,025
 .Hebrew                                                   1,774        551              262         143
 .African languages                                       11,152      1,734            4,953       1,044
   ..Amharic                                               5,498        933            2,971         725
   ..Berber                                                   89        145               (B)          --
   ..Chadic                                                    2          7               (B)          --
   ..Cushite                                               1,690        658              997         490
   ..Sudanic                                                  36         60                36         60
   ..Nilotic                                                  39         61                39         61
   ..Swahili                                               1,196        798              298         259
   ..Bantu                                                   432        284              137         113
   ..Mande                                                   109        148                25         42
   ..Fulani                                                  119        199                39         65
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                      1,884        622              411         284
   ..African                                                  58         74               (B)          --
 .Other and unspecified languages                          1,046        340              252         165
   ..Finnish                                                 474        227                26         43
   ..Estonian                                                 97         80                53         66
   ..Caucasian                                                13         22               (B)          --
   ..Aztecan                                                   5          8                 5          8
   ..Mayan languages                                         193        148              152         131
   ..Uncodable                                               264        155                16         26




                                                   CO
                                          Page: 33 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey

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                                                                        CO
                                                               Page: 34 of Pages: 220
                                          Spoke English
                  Number of   Margin of       less than   Margin of
                                      1                           1
                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"      Error
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              CO
     Page: 35 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 8. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Connecticut:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than         Margin of
                                                                                              1                                   1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"             Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                       3,281,254               327          249,370             5,127
Spoke only English at home                                          2,634,649             8,401               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                           646,605             8,445          249,370             5,127


Spoke a language other than English at home                           646,605             8,445          249,370             5,127

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                            309,460             3,947          128,606             3,551
   ..Spanish                                                          309,460             3,947          128,606             3,551

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         253,497             7,032           87,402             3,850
 .French                                                               36,857             1,940            7,682               874
    ..French                                                           34,872             1,941            7,507               865
    ..Patois                                                            1,985               645              175               114
 .French Creole                                                        10,304             1,935            4,279               884
 .Italian                                                              38,437             2,506           12,311             1,276
 .Portuguese                                                           38,107             3,274           17,990             2,158
    ..Portuguese                                                       38,107             3,274           17,990             2,158
 .German                                                               11,445             1,287            1,566               312
    ..German                                                           11,445             1,287            1,566               312
 .Yiddish                                                                 842               320              153                84
 .Other West Germanic languages                                         2,233               520              174               123
    ..Dutch                                                             2,016               528              174               123
    ..Afrikaans                                                           217               124               (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                2,820               569              182               101
    ..Swedish                                                           1,729               466              121                91
    ..Danish                                                              327               235                15               25
    ..Norwegian                                                           696               248                34               36
    ..Icelandic                                                            68                58                12               20
 .Greek                                                                 9,689             1,318            2,327               484
 .Russian                                                              11,817             1,674            5,355               949
 .Polish                                                               36,553             2,079           16,127             1,317
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                              5,595             1,517            2,552               800
    ..Serbocroatian                                                     4,363             1,347            2,195               745
    ..Croatian                                                            814               359              255               167
    ..Serbian                                                             418               377              102               112
 .Other Slavic languages                                                6,180               948            2,345               536
    ..Ukrainian                                                         3,190               735            1,342               412
    ..Czech                                                               558               227              128                90
    ..Slovak                                                            1,548               530              543               350
    ..Bulgarian                                                           686               321              264               217
    ..Macedonian                                                          155               201                68              111
    ..Slovene                                                              43                45               (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                                428               247              112               132
 .Persian                                                               1,567               578              553               287
 .Hindi                                                                 8,381             1,182            1,444               373
 .Gujarati                                                              4,692             1,031            2,013               684
 .Urdu                                                                  5,351             1,190            1,922               551
 .Other Indic languages                                                 8,673             1,423            3,114               729
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                      1,561               631              587               261
    ..Bengali                                                           2,965               967            1,395               571
    ..Panjabi                                                           1,004               479              420               264




                                                                CT
                                                       Page: 36 of Pages: 220
                                                                          Spoke English
                                                  Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                      1                            1
                                                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Marathi                                          1,350        578              320         300
   ..Oriya                                              316        318                26         40
   ..Nepali                                             939        591              262         167
   ..Sindhi                                              24         46                12         22
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                    226        195                45         75
   ..Sinhalese                                          288        176                47         59
 .Other Indo-European languages                      13,526      2,070           5,201        1,018
   ..Jamaican Creole                                    952        405              172         124
   ..Krio                                                13         24               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                         2,194        671              625         332
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       413        186              147         105
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      54         52               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                         7,434      1,833           3,709          930
   ..Lithuanian                                       1,765        715              326         225
   ..Lettish                                            319        156                89         74
   ..Pashto                                              71        122               (B)          --
   ..Kurdish                                            311        321              133         141

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                   64,264      2,483           27,735       1,520
 .Chinese                                            22,829      1,854           10,336       1,123
    ..Chinese                                        17,626      1,747            8,065         924
    ..Cantonese                                       2,128        673            1,230         471
    ..Mandarin                                        2,656        559              999         334
    ..Fuchow                                             35         60               (B)          --
    ..Formosan                                          363        205                42         60
    ..Wu                                                 21         35               (B)          --
 .Japanese                                            3,181        715            1,284         398
 .Korean                                              6,574      1,490            3,885         835
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                1,847        748              754         357
 .Hmong                                                 173        194              140         186
 .Thai                                                  965        379              386         202
 .Laotian                                             3,129        798            1,909         652
 .Vietnamese                                          6,238      1,195            3,359         801
 .Other Asian languages                              11,753      1,484            3,580         788
    ..Turkish                                         2,492        784              904         346
    ..Telugu                                          3,613        904            1,105         510
    ..Kannada                                           610        297              227         243
    ..Malayalam                                       2,374        727              565         351
    ..Tamil                                           2,368        646              522         206
    ..Tibetan                                            59         55                38         34
    ..Burmese                                           237        275              219         270
 .Tagalog                                             6,669      1,072            1,788         469
 .Other Pacific Island languages                        906        283              314         194
    ..Indonesian                                        296        180              106         105
    ..Malay                                             139         98                78         75
    ..Bisayan                                            59         57               (B)          --
    ..Sebuano                                            99        112               (B)          --
    ..Pangasinan                                         17         29               (B)          --
    ..Ilocano                                            24         44               (B)          --
    ..Bikol                                              14         25                14         25
    ..Pampangan                                          82        138                82        138
    ..Chamorro                                           95         89               (B)          --
    ..Marshallese                                        19         30               (B)          --
    ..Palau                                              17         28                17         28
    ..Samoan                                             13         28               (B)          --




                                              CT
                                     Page: 37 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..   Hawaiian                                                                   32                    39                 17                   30

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                                               19,384                1,796               5,627               1,045
 .Navajo                                                                             102                   84                  (B)                  --
 .Other Native North American languages                                              257                  167                   62                 72
   ..Algonquian                                                                       37                   58                   37                 58
   ..Blackfoot                                                                        18                   29                  (B)                  --
   ..Passamaquoddy                                                                    14                   23                  (B)                  --
   ..Keres                                                                            60                   91                  (B)                  --
   ..American Indian                                                                 128                  104                   25                 41
 .Hungarian                                                                        2,894                  653                 776                 286
 .Arabic                                                                           5,710                1,317               1,903                 628
 .Hebrew                                                                           2,523                  543                 199                 114
 .African languages                                                                7,015                1,335               2,366                 724
   ..Amharic                                                                         461                  325                 135                 103
   ..Berber                                                                           30                   49                  (B)                  --
   ..Cushite                                                                         476                  396                 256                 246
   ..Swahili                                                                         630                  424                 280                 213
   ..Bantu                                                                           201                  169                   88                113
   ..Mande                                                                            98                  115                   51                 82
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                              4,346                  897               1,416                 562
   ..Efik                                                                             49                   72                  (B)                  --
   ..African                                                                         724                  495                 140                 159
 .Other and unspecified languages                                                    883                  289                 321                 206
   ..Finnish                                                                         332                  159                   67                 58
   ..Estonian                                                                        204                  116                   96                 74
   ..Caucasian                                                                        31                   36                   15                 24
   ..Basque                                                                           11                   19                  (B)                  --
   ..Syriac                                                                          286                  236                 143                 183
   ..Uncodable                                                                        19                   31                  (B)                  --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




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              CT
     Page: 40 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 9. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for District of
Columbia: 2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than            Margin of
                                                                                              1                                     1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"               Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                          552,746               120            26,321             1,610
Spoke only English at home                                             472,111             3,002                (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                             80,635             2,970            26,321             1,610


Spoke a language other than English at home                             80,635             2,970            26,321             1,610

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                              40,766             2,279            16,912             1,379
   ..Spanish                                                            40,766             2,279            16,912             1,379

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                           22,101             1,926             4,050               798
 .French                                                                 8,036             1,023             1,393               414
    ..French                                                             7,927             1,038             1,320               402
    ..Patois                                                               109               153                 73              120
 .French Creole                                                          1,152               579               321               257
 .Italian                                                                1,417               482               287               154
 .Portuguese                                                             1,318               475               261               157
    ..Portuguese                                                         1,318               475               261               157
 .German                                                                 2,354               539               374               231
    ..German                                                             2,332               540               374               231
    ..Luxembourgian                                                         22                36                (B)                --
 .Yiddish                                                                  142               100                 18               29
 .Other West Germanic languages                                            475               199                 24               41
    ..Dutch                                                                452               196                 24               41
    ..Afrikaans                                                             23                39                (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                   594               439               264               304
    ..Swedish                                                               68                66                (B)                --
    ..Danish                                                               354               346               191               225
    ..Norwegian                                                            172               174                 73              120
 .Greek                                                                    405               185                 39               65
 .Russian                                                                  969               289                 75               71
 .Polish                                                                   591               240               141               116
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                                 468               270                 18               30
    ..Serbocroatian                                                        132               135                 18               30
    ..Croatian                                                             215               235                (B)                --
    ..Serbian                                                              121                92                (B)                --
 .Other Slavic languages                                                   629               418                 56               56
    ..Ukrainian                                                            100               107                (B)                --
    ..Czech                                                                 33                40                 33               40
    ..Slovak                                                                40                67                 23               38
    ..Bulgarian                                                            165               141                (B)                --
    ..Macedonian                                                           264               368                (B)                --
    ..Slovene                                                               27                44                (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                                  37                42                 19               31
 .Persian                                                                  702               305                 85               99
 .Hindi                                                                    948               402                 15               26
 .Gujarati                                                                 197               120                 48               54
 .Urdu                                                                     248               193                 25               45
 .Other Indic languages                                                    923               456               510               380
    ..Bengali                                                              655               420               487               378
    ..Panjabi                                                              115                99                (B)                --
    ..Marathi                                                               25                31                (B)                --




                                                                DC
                                                       Page: 41 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Oriya                                                   23           39                23         39
   ..Nepali                                                  74           79               (B)          --
   ..Sinhalese                                               31           51               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                             496          217                77         74
   ..Jamaican Creole                                         29           35               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                               232          154                30         48
   ..Welsh                                                   18           29               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                            40           49               (B)          --
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                          15           25               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                                28           45               (B)          --
   ..Lithuanian                                              99           94                47         57
   ..Lettish                                                 35           42               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                         8,785         805            3,127         564
 .Chinese                                                  2,675         523            1,236         388
    ..Chinese                                              1,939         489            1,148         378
    ..Cantonese                                              366         215                23         38
    ..Mandarin                                               225         120                36         46
    ..Formosan                                               145         139                29         48
 .Japanese                                                   748         270              143          98
 .Korean                                                     814         278              220         122
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                         55         82               (B)          --
 .Hmong                                                       (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Thai                                                       396         309              332         302
 .Laotian                                                     (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Vietnamese                                               1,059         397              269         178
 .Other Asian languages                                    1,508         454              381         232
    ..Turkish                                                468         237              178         170
    ..Mongolian                                                39         63               (B)          --
    ..Gondi                                                    18         31               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                                   47         48               (B)          --
    ..Kannada                                                  60         94               (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                              154         122                24         41
    ..Tamil                                                  410         257                65        107
    ..Munda                                                     5          9               (B)          --
    ..Tibetan                                                  81         99               (B)          --
    ..Burmese                                                226         257              114         151
 .Tagalog                                                  1,087         385              213         145
 .Other Pacific Island languages                             443         254              333         238
    ..Indonesian                                             242         238              187         219
    ..Javanese                                                 40         63                40         63
    ..Malay                                                    43         49                23         38
    ..Sebuano                                                  55         87                55         87
    ..Palau                                                    35         58               (B)          --
    ..Yapese                                                   28         42                28         42

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        8,983       1,322            2,232         535
 .Navajo                                                      (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                      295         221                79         92
   ..Blackfoot                                                 45         56                29         47
   ..Kuchin                                                  111         183                50         81
   ..Choctaw                                                   37         43               (B)          --
   ..Muskogee                                                  38         68               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                           64         77               (B)          --
 .Hungarian                                                  143          86               (B)          --




                                                   DC
                                          Page: 42 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    .Arabic                                                                       1,175                  403                228                  167
    .Hebrew                                                                         496                  288                  21                  33
    .African languages                                                            6,606                1,039             1,814                   489
      ..Amharic                                                                   3,337                  787             1,368                   447
      ..Cushite                                                                      71                   94                  28                  33
      ..Swahili                                                                     620                  266                107                  110
      ..Bantu                                                                       130                  110                 (B)                   --
      ..Mande                                                                        80                   76                  52                  60
      ..Fulani                                                                      224                  241                  39                  46
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                          1,994                  742                220                  134
      ..Efik                                                                         31                   52                 (B)                   --
      ..African                                                                     119                  134                 (B)                   --
    .Other and unspecified languages                                                268                  130                  90                  84
      ..Finnish                                                                     119                   88                  27                  45
      ..Estonian                                                                     32                   37                 (B)                   --
      ..Caucasian                                                                    34                   57                  34                  57
      ..Uncodable                                                                    83                   72                  29                  47

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey

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              DC
     Page: 45 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 10. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Delaware: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                        803,548              139            34,150            1,743
Spoke only English at home                                           711,083            3,219                (X)              (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                           92,465            3,214            34,150            1,743


Spoke a language other than English at home                           92,465            3,214            34,150            1,743

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                            47,613            2,095            21,456            1,356
   ..Spanish                                                          47,613            2,095            21,456            1,356

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         24,448            2,027             6,022              891
 .French                                                               4,114              833               504              223
    ..French                                                           3,750              669               504              223
    ..Patois                                                             364              418                (B)               --
 .French Creole                                                        1,383              473               602              323
 .Italian                                                              2,661              675               457              147
 .Portuguese                                                             563              311               130              110
    ..Portuguese                                                         563              311               130              110
 .German                                                               3,224              829               734              354
    ..German                                                           3,224              829               734              354
 .Yiddish                                                                120              130                (B)               --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        1,539              556               572              295
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                               1,007              418               473              262
    ..Dutch                                                              461              266                 99             110
    ..Afrikaans                                                           71              116                (B)               --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 155              102                 14              23
    ..Swedish                                                             53               61                 14              23
    ..Danish                                                             102               80                (B)               --
 .Greek                                                                1,237              616               228              187
 .Russian                                                                647              319               142              109
 .Polish                                                               1,313              310               445              215
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                               185              174               148              171
    ..Serbocroatian                                                      122              165               119              165
    ..Croatian                                                            19               26                (B)               --
    ..Serbian                                                             44               53                 29              47
 .Other Slavic languages                                                 701              396               412              368
    ..Ukrainian                                                          210              128               161              100
    ..Czech                                                              100               57                (B)               --
    ..Slovak                                                              69               71                 34              56
    ..Bulgarian                                                          302              364               217              351
    ..Macedonian                                                          20               34                (B)               --
 .Armenian                                                                62               88                 37              52
 .Persian                                                                433              229                 49              56
 .Hindi                                                                2,004              454               261              185
 .Gujarati                                                             1,545              458               443              232
 .Urdu                                                                   992              507               252              143
 .Other Indic languages                                                  962              426               389              241
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                       167              164                 19              31
    ..Bengali                                                            359              229               232              170
    ..Panjabi                                                            156              196               107              136
    ..Marathi                                                            205              191                (B)               --
                      2
    ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                                     75               84                 31              50




                                                               DE
                                                      Page: 46 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .   Other Indo-European languages                          608          271              203         169
      ..Jamaican Creole                                      17           28               (B)          --
      ..Pidgin                                               36           66                17         31
      ..Romanian                                            232          161                58         70
      ..Welsh                                                33           39               (B)          --
      ..Irish Gaelic                                         97          124                25         42
      ..Albanian                                            100          142                90        142
      ..Lithuanian                                           93           79                13         22

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                        12,658       1,015            4,854         528
 .Chinese                                                  4,465         766            2,172         468
    ..Chinese                                              3,584         677            1,671         409
    ..Cantonese                                              183         152                95         81
    ..Mandarin                                               559         307              304         223
    ..Formosan                                               139         109              102         100
 .Japanese                                                   746         334              152          91
 .Korean                                                   1,284         443              774         305
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                         10         17               (B)          --
 .Hmong                                                       (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Thai                                                       247         132              120          92
 .Laotian                                                    131         133                59         69
 .Vietnamese                                               1,161         563              612         361
 .Other Asian languages                                    2,312         612              464         188
    ..Turkish                                                407         236              151         122
    ..Telugu                                               1,023         416                99         66
    ..Kannada                                                124         125                65        105
    ..Malayalam                                              172         114                51         65
    ..Tamil                                                  557         306                87         76
    ..Tibetan                                                  18         29               (B)          --
    ..Burmese                                                  11         19                11         19
 .Tagalog                                                  2,292         610              499         229
 .Other Pacific Island languages                               10         11                 2          5
    ..Malay                                                     2          5                 2          5
    ..Sebuano                                                   8         13               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        7,746       1,750            1,818         633
 .Navajo                                                      (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                      241         191              114         134
   ..Algonquian                                                 6         11               (B)          --
   ..Hopi                                                      95        113               (B)          --
   ..Pima                                                      70        115                70        115
   ..American Indian                                           70        109                44         70
 .Hungarian                                                  214         140                51         49
 .Arabic                                                   2,161       1,131              610         291
 .Hebrew                                                     128          97                42         50
 .African languages                                        4,626       1,336              863         549
   ..Amharic                                                 432         486              310         461
   ..Chadic                                                    27         44               (B)          --
   ..Swahili                                               1,446         806              182         177
   ..Bantu                                                   389         292              147         169
   ..Mande                                                   499         368                79        128
   ..Gur                                                       28         47                13         22
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                      1,743         646              132         125
   ..Efik                                                      62        100               (B)          --
 .Other and unspecified languages                            376         190              138         154




                                                   DE
                                          Page: 47 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..Finnish                                                                         7                     9                (B)                   --
    ..Estonian                                                                      59                    96                 (B)                   --
    ..Mayan languages                                                              138                   154                138                  154
    ..Uncodable                                                                    172                    82                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey

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                                          Spoke English
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     Page: 50 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 11. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Florida: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than          Margin of
                                                                                              1                                   1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"             Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      17,052,403             1,167        1,989,062            14,560
Spoke only English at home                                         12,658,319            18,398               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                         4,394,084            18,458        1,989,062            14,560


Spoke a language other than English at home                         4,394,084            18,458        1,989,062            14,560

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                          3,206,945            10,403        1,527,797            10,078
   ..Spanish                                                        3,206,922            10,407        1,527,774            10,074
   ..Ladino                                                                23                38               23                38

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         868,002            13,069          329,857             7,590
 .French                                                              110,231             3,825           28,086             1,825
    ..French                                                          104,514             3,784           26,986             1,840
    ..Patois                                                            5,412             1,108            1,066               398
    ..Cajun                                                               305               160                34               40
 .French Creole                                                       295,218             8,869          152,974             5,384
 .Italian                                                              56,803             2,970           16,709             1,547
 .Portuguese                                                           85,380             5,544           37,455             3,295
    ..Portuguese                                                       85,068             5,488           37,420             3,295
    ..Papia Mentae                                                        312               287                35               43
 .German                                                               72,578             2,780           11,185             1,013
    ..German                                                           72,513             2,793           11,185             1,013
    ..Luxembourgian                                                        65                82               (B)                --
 .Yiddish                                                               7,612             1,001            1,539               433
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        13,037             1,497            1,787               523
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                  326               178                71               72
    ..Dutch                                                            10,616             1,339            1,438               427
    ..Afrikaans                                                         2,095               683              278               207
 .Scandinavian languages                                                9,566             1,150            1,210               325
    ..Swedish                                                           4,695               869              661               236
    ..Danish                                                            2,109               546              311               149
    ..Norwegian                                                         2,196               398              213               123
    ..Icelandic                                                           566               275                25               40
 .Greek                                                                22,751             2,123            5,568               915
 .Russian                                                              31,897             3,047           15,238             1,538
 .Polish                                                               25,161             2,249            9,632             1,115
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             15,977             1,872            7,289             1,220
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    10,095             1,617            5,305             1,108
    ..Croatian                                                          2,532               706              801               302
    ..Serbian                                                           3,350             1,116            1,183               398
 .Other Slavic languages                                               16,899             1,772            5,626               966
    ..Bielorussian                                                         36                66                36               66
    ..Ukrainian                                                         5,141             1,053            1,764               540
    ..Czech                                                             4,145               840            1,393               431
    ..Slovak                                                            2,223               727              639               392
    ..Bulgarian                                                         4,310               954            1,451               491
    ..Macedonian                                                          666               325              252               179
    ..Slovene                                                             378               151                91               92
 .Armenian                                                              2,599               692            1,128               521
 .Persian                                                               8,683             1,323            2,871               599
 .Hindi                                                                19,156             1,964            4,919             1,072




                                                                 FL
                                                       Page: 51 of Pages: 220
                                                                          Spoke English
                                                  Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                      1                            1
                                                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .Gujarati                                           15,427      1,953           4,978          963
 .Urdu                                               12,594      2,111           3,642          864
 .Other Indic languages                              21,298      2,518           7,589        1,248
                  2
   ..India n.e.c.                                     5,908      1,546           2,298          881
   ..Bengali                                          9,573      1,979           4,086          986
   ..Panjabi                                          1,705        654              421         304
   ..Marathi                                          1,650        508              197         126
   ..Oriya                                              158        149                48         55
   ..Nepali                                             621        365              221         168
   ..Sindhi                                             637        315                66         82
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                    311        313              132         168
   ..Sinhalese                                          414        198              120         139
   ..Romany                                             321        506               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                      25,135      2,390          10,432        1,288
   ..Jamaican Creole                                  2,477        783              668         302
   ..Krio                                                78         80                37         66
   ..Saramacca                                           46         71                46         71
   ..Catalonian                                         174        200                37         43
   ..Romanian                                         9,418      1,280           3,902          781
   ..Welsh                                              658        339                28         48
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       937        313              154         105
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      83         79               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                         7,619      1,711           4,207        1,024
   ..Lithuanian                                       2,915        586           1,120          298
   ..Lettish                                            437        182              114          82
   ..Pashto                                              62         82                24         39
   ..Kurdish                                            231        190                95        114

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  224,448      4,786          104,947       3,302
 .Chinese                                            44,730      3,388           25,037       2,563
    ..Chinese                                        32,379      2,732           18,207       2,135
    ..Hakka                                              24         43               (B)          --
    ..Cantonese                                       5,512      1,082            3,126         742
    ..Mandarin                                        5,157      1,088            2,877         810
    ..Formosan                                        1,603        693              794         430
    ..Wu                                                 55         68                33         55
 .Japanese                                           11,402      1,349            4,605         908
 .Korean                                             18,640      1,743           10,188       1,366
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                4,156      1,316            2,388         800
 .Hmong                                               1,675        920              632         449
 .Thai                                               10,078      1,292            5,680         898
 .Laotian                                             4,482      1,002            2,215         631
 .Vietnamese                                         47,261      3,478           29,439       2,270
 .Other Asian languages                              23,778      2,355            6,951       1,046
    ..Kazakh                                             98        164                24         40
    ..Uighur                                            368        360              309         353
    ..Azerabaijani                                      127        159                69        117
    ..Turkish                                         5,350        926            1,866         490
    ..Dravidian                                          66         82                25         43
    ..Telugu                                          4,965        931              960         339
    ..Kannada                                           679        316                29         36
    ..Malayalam                                       5,899      1,314            2,234         698
    ..Tamil                                           4,448      1,053              840         347
    ..Munda                                             975        528              145         176
    ..Tibetan                                            19         37               (B)          --




                                               FL
                                     Page: 52 of Pages: 220
                                                                               Spoke English
                                                       Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                           1                            1
                                                        speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Burmese                                                 784        459              450         252
 .Tagalog                                                 51,064      2,611          15,743        1,342
 .Other Pacific Island languages                           7,182      1,148           2,069          458
   ..Indonesian                                            1,024        337              467         214
   ..Balinese                                                 22         38                22         38
   ..Malay                                                   726        492              274         187
   ..Bisayan                                               1,186        511              242         152
   ..Sebuano                                                 520        283              194         131
   ..Pangasinan                                               37         64                37         64
   ..Ilocano                                                 711        469              190         113
   ..Pampangan                                                77         95                34         62
   ..Micronesian                                             496        355                12         22
   ..Chamorro                                                811        464              175         199
   ..Gilbertese                                               30         48                30         48
   ..Mokilese                                                 17         29               (B)          --
   ..Palau                                                   223        192                26         25
   ..Ponapean                                                 35         61               (B)          --
   ..Trukese                                                 219        252              135         144
   ..Yapese                                                   63         89               (B)          --
   ..Melanesian                                               78         77                40         62
   ..Polynesian                                               23         38               (B)          --
   ..Samoan                                                  442        340                80        101
   ..Tongan                                                   72         83                37         46
   ..Fijian                                                   87        111                24         38
   ..Maori                                                    41         52               (B)          --
   ..Hawaiian                                                242        166                50         83

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                       94,689      6,098           26,461       2,655
 .Navajo                                                      84        106               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                    2,462        599              458         255
   ..Yupik                                                    17         26               (B)          --
   ..Blackfoot                                                17         29               (B)          --
   ..Cheyenne                                                 15         25               (B)          --
   ..Cree                                                    114        109               (B)          --
   ..Ojibwa                                                   80        117               (B)          --
   ..Shawnee                                                  21         36               (B)          --
   ..Coeur Dalene                                             32         52               (B)          --
   ..Columbia                                                 17         27               (B)          --
   ..Cowlitz                                                 110        179                91        146
   ..Salish                                                   22         36                22         36
   ..Athapascan                                               29         40               (B)          --
   ..Apache                                                   57         69               (B)          --
   ..Foothill No. Yokuts                                      21         35               (B)          --
   ..Tsimshian                                                16         30               (B)          --
   ..Pomo                                                     39         63               (B)          --
   ..Dakota                                                  165        203               (B)          --
   ..Chiwere                                                  19         32               (B)          --
   ..Alabama                                                  30         52                17         31
   ..Choctaw                                                  13         23               (B)          --
   ..Mikasuki                                                154        127                43         63
   ..Muskogee                                                431        264                57         51
   ..Iroquois                                                 43         59               (B)          --
   ..Mohawk                                                   84         99                46         75
   ..Seneca                                                  115        188               (B)          --
   ..Cherokee                                                313        180                16         26




                                                    FL
                                          Page: 53 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Pawnee                                                                       17                   28                  17                  28
     .. American Indian                                                             471                  281                149                  175
    .Hungarian                                                                   11,167                1,261             3,665                   734
    .Arabic                                                                      42,668                4,574            12,276                 1,613
    .Hebrew                                                                      19,829                1,866             4,318                   954
    .African languages                                                           13,707                2,097             3,342                   925
      ..Amharic                                                                   3,082                1,001             1,042                   369
      ..Berber                                                                      164                  140                  69                  85
      ..Chadic                                                                      203                  160                  38                  48
      ..Sudanic                                                                     126                  142                  52                  75
      ..Saharan                                                                      19                   30                 (B)                   --
      ..Swahili                                                                   1,738                  685                403                  255
      ..Bantu                                                                     1,035                  480                214                  197
      ..Mande                                                                       162                  150                121                  143
      ..Fulani                                                                      201                  213                143                  194
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                          5,360                1,129                589                  297
      ..Efik                                                                        234                  192                 (B)                   --
      ..African                                                                   1,383                1,062                671                  666
    .Other and unspecified languages                                              4,772                1,032             2,402                   672
      ..Finnish                                                                   2,012                  615                719                  375
      ..Estonian                                                                    427                  187                180                  136
      ..Caucasian                                                                    97                  101                  97                 101
      ..Basque                                                                       50                   50                  12                  21
      ..Syriac                                                                      162                  123                  24                  39
      ..Mayan languages                                                           1,625                  791             1,203                   588
      ..Oto - Manguen                                                               101                   79                  77                  54
      ..Quechua                                                                      89                   93                  35                  42
      ..Arawakian                                                                    49                   61                 (B)                   --
      ..Chibchan                                                                     24                   39                 (B)                   --
      ..Uncodable                                                                   136                   95                  55                  69

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey

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                                                               Page: 54 of Pages: 220
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                                      1                           1
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               FL
     Page: 55 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 12. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Georgia: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      8,785,436             1,294          504,835             7,323
Spoke only English at home                                         7,725,470             9,870               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                        1,059,966             9,851          504,835             7,323


Spoke a language other than English at home                        1,059,966             9,851          504,835             7,323

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           618,233             4,946          345,459             5,082
   ..Spanish                                                         618,233             4,946          345,459             5,082

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        215,863             6,507           62,128             3,338
 .French                                                              39,170             2,433            9,029             1,117
    ..French                                                          37,510             2,428            8,839             1,112
    ..Patois                                                           1,625               510              183               118
    ..Cajun                                                               35                52                 7               12
 .French Creole                                                       13,458             2,520            3,720               778
 .Italian                                                              6,172             1,036            1,665               523
 .Portuguese                                                          14,360             2,438            6,206             1,315
    ..Portuguese                                                      14,272             2,417            6,206             1,315
    ..Papia Mentae                                                        88               101               (B)                --
 .German                                                              25,995             1,562            3,788               645
    ..German                                                          25,995             1,562            3,788               645
 .Yiddish                                                                191               118                59               61
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        4,317               809              452               177
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                 186               236               (B)                --
    ..Dutch                                                            3,501               738              347               159
    ..Afrikaans                                                          630               235              105               116
 .Scandinavian languages                                               1,865               485              241               166
    ..Swedish                                                            944               346              140               125
    ..Danish                                                             543               314                80               76
    ..Norwegian                                                          299               181                21               37
    ..Icelandic                                                           79                64               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                2,504               591              623               305
 .Russian                                                             14,574             1,754            7,426             1,296
 .Polish                                                               3,493               896            1,109               415
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             8,347             1,738            3,394               831
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    6,805             1,549            2,856               730
    ..Croatian                                                           938               606              408               402
    ..Serbian                                                            604               414              130               132
 .Other Slavic languages                                               5,602             1,717            1,942               568
    ..Ukrainian                                                        2,464             1,497              774               418
    ..Czech                                                              929               439              242               166
    ..Slovak                                                             410               260              129               132
    ..Bulgarian                                                        1,748               663              746               338
    ..Macedonian                                                          51                89                51               89
 .Armenian                                                               680               542              117               120
 .Persian                                                              8,091             1,641            2,907               832
 .Hindi                                                               18,922             2,139            4,024               892
 .Gujarati                                                            14,150             1,569            4,855             1,055
 .Urdu                                                                 8,742             1,548            2,303               596
 .Other Indic languages                                               14,173             1,653            4,086               765
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                     4,211               987            1,221               426




                                                               GA
                                                      Page: 56 of Pages: 220
                                                                          Spoke English
                                                  Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                      1                            1
                                                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Bengali                                          5,654      1,280           1,816          622
   ..Panjabi                                          1,720        559              568         242
   ..Marathi                                          1,310        385                99         83
   ..Oriya                                              226        225                42         64
   ..Assamese                                            22         37               (B)          --
   ..Nepali                                             418        309              265         247
   ..Sindhi                                             193        129                32         53
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                    148        160               (B)          --
   ..Sinhalese                                          241        183                30         49
   ..Romany                                              30         49                13         22
 .Other Indo-European languages                      11,057      2,162           4,182        1,373
   ..Jamaican Creole                                  1,144        557              166         155
   ..Krio                                               326        235                14         23
   ..Pidgin                                             138        135                60         98
   ..Saramacca                                           24         41               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                         5,763      1,293           2,063          643
   ..Welsh                                              316        284               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       687        392              218         190
   ..Albanian                                         1,266      1,163           1,210        1,157
   ..Lithuanian                                         617        440              149         119
   ..Pashto                                             266        257                83        101
   ..Kurdish                                            481        432              219         199
   ..Balochi                                             20         34               (B)          --
   ..Tadzhik                                              9         14               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  165,407      3,945           79,915       3,232
 .Chinese                                            32,213      2,539           16,407       1,552
    ..Chinese                                        24,660      2,244           12,619       1,363
    ..Hakka                                              11         20                11         20
    ..Cantonese                                       1,721        535              966         441
    ..Mandarin                                        4,667        878            2,158         508
    ..Fuchow                                             48         59                48         59
    ..Formosan                                        1,106        448              605         341
 .Japanese                                            7,337      1,022            2,833         568
 .Korean                                             42,326      2,754           23,483       1,688
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                3,274      1,021            1,409         445
 .Hmong                                               2,048        701              809         480
 .Thai                                                2,521        599              877         289
 .Laotian                                             5,330      1,294            1,558         488
 .Vietnamese                                         38,420      2,610           23,809       1,987
 .Other Asian languages                              17,749      2,437            4,385       1,261
    ..Uighur                                             60        101                60        101
    ..Azerabaijani                                       33         55               (B)          --
    ..Turkish                                         3,355      1,292            1,873       1,034
    ..Mongolian                                          70        111               (B)          --
    ..Dravidian                                          58         94               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                          5,809      1,105              966         297
    ..Kannada                                           861        372              157         143
    ..Malayalam                                       2,967        854              787         344
    ..Tamil                                           4,486        887              542         288
    ..Tibetan                                            18         31               (B)          --
    ..Miao-yao, Mien                                     32         40               (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                            10,136      1,221            2,288         505
 .Other Pacific Island languages                      4,053      1,062            2,057         876
    ..Indonesian                                      1,845        896            1,241         843




                                              GA
                                     Page: 57 of Pages: 220
                                                                               Spoke English
                                                       Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                           1                            1
                                                        speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Balinese                                                26          44               (B)          --
   ..Javanese                                               106         122               (B)          --
   ..Malay                                                  275         168              115          97
   ..Bisayan                                                374         285              122         134
   ..Sebuano                                                 83          59                32         53
   ..Pampangan                                               62         102                62        102
   ..Chamorro                                               421         299                92        114
   ..Marshallese                                             47          57               (B)          --
   ..Palau                                                  220         157               (B)          --
   ..Melanesian                                              13          22               (B)          --
   ..Samoan                                                 255         242              186         202
   ..Tongan                                                  50          83                50         83
   ..Fijian                                                 142         123              142         123
   ..Hawaiian                                               134         197                15         33

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                       60,463      4,339           17,333       1,932
 .Navajo                                                      72         77                14         23
 .Other Native North American languages                    1,320        507              288         246
   ..Aleut                                                    15         26                15         26
   ..Blackfoot                                                10         18               (B)          --
   ..Cree                                                     14         23               (B)          --
   ..Ojibwa                                                   20         32               (B)          --
   ..Okanogan                                                 29         49               (B)          --
   ..Puget Sound Salish                                       31         55               (B)          --
   ..Kuchin                                                   21         37               (B)          --
   ..Sahaptian                                                33         52               (B)          --
   ..Crow                                                    103        127                58         91
   ..Dakota                                                  246        240              187         227
   ..Winnebago                                                14         23                14         23
   ..Muskogee                                                123        153               (B)          --
   ..Keres                                                    25         40               (B)          --
   ..Cherokee                                                277        139               (B)          --
   ..Pawnee                                                    3          4                 3          4
   ..Comanche                                                 73        123               (B)          --
   ..Luiseno                                                  11         22                11         22
   ..Zuni                                                    208        220               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                          64         75               (B)          --
 .Hungarian                                                  930        444              330         271
 .Arabic                                                  11,810      1,649            3,681         950
 .Hebrew                                                   3,479        766              454         258
 .African languages                                       41,104      3,687           12,079       1,797
   ..Amharic                                              10,441      1,591            4,895         882
   ..Chadic                                                  467        418              110         179
   ..Cushite                                               3,009        986            1,233         492
   ..Sudanic                                                 354        309                86         98
   ..Nilotic                                                 193        206                15         24
   ..Khoisan                                                  19         32               (B)          --
   ..Swahili                                               4,273      1,207            1,171         664
   ..Bantu                                                 1,564        547              582         490
   ..Mande                                                 1,543        686              375         209
   ..Fulani                                                1,611        870              731         712
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                     15,787      2,188            2,708         719
   ..Efik                                                    928        482                67         57
   ..African                                                 915        519              106          94
 .Other and unspecified languages                          1,748        566              487         246




                                                   GA
                                          Page: 58 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..Finnish                                                                      879                   366                207                  155
    ..Estonian                                                                      18                    30                 (B)                   --
    ..Caucasian                                                                     47                    47                  29                  38
    ..Syriac                                                                       158                   225                  24                  38
    ..Mayan languages                                                              423                   343                140                  161
    ..Quechua                                                                       48                    86                  48                  86
    ..Arawakian                                                                     50                    60                 (B)                   --
    ..Tupi-guarani                                                                  39                    62                  39                  62
    ..Uncodable                                                                     86                    78                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey

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                                                                        GA
                                                               Page: 59 of Pages: 220
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              GA
     Page: 60 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 13. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Hawaii: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than         Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      1,194,450               220          133,631             3,815
Spoke only English at home                                           897,745             6,302               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          296,705             6,292          133,631             3,815


Spoke a language other than English at home                          296,705             6,292          133,631             3,815

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                             25,099            2,225             7,466            1,195
   ..Spanish                                                           25,099            2,225             7,466            1,195

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                          17,720            1,785             2,936              646
 .French                                                                4,864              862               556              223
    ..French                                                            4,864              862               556              223
 .French Creole                                                           213              170                 21              26
 .Italian                                                                 978              514               213              176
 .Portuguese                                                            1,575              614               494              271
    ..Portuguese                                                        1,575              614               494              271
 .German                                                                3,938              736               541              253
    ..German                                                            3,938              736               541              253
 .Yiddish                                                                   44              51                (B)               --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                           520              274               130              161
    ..Dutch                                                               414              212                 45              78
    ..Afrikaans                                                           106              176                 85             140
 .Scandinavian languages                                                  905              370                 65              62
    ..Swedish                                                             329              208                (B)               --
    ..Danish                                                              142              157                 18              30
    ..Norwegian                                                           434              263                 47              54
 .Greek                                                                   519              615                (B)               --
 .Russian                                                                 388              202               139              118
 .Polish                                                                  672              346               249              269
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                                202              200                 57              77
    ..Serbocroatian                                                         48              45                 12              20
    ..Serbian                                                             154              190                 45              74
 .Other Slavic languages                                                  506              268               122              116
    ..Ukrainian                                                             71              80                (B)               --
    ..Czech                                                               260              207                 56              81
    ..Slovak                                                                26              42                (B)               --
    ..Bulgarian                                                           143              148                 66              81
    ..Slovene                                                                6               9                (B)               --
 .Armenian                                                                 (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Persian                                                                 374              228                 14              25
 .Hindi                                                                   274              180                 58              60
 .Gujarati                                                                  23              35                  6              10
 .Urdu                                                                    126              138                 23              40
 .Other Indic languages                                                   619              346               170              123
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                          11              18                (B)               --
    ..Bengali                                                             120              170                (B)               --
    ..Marathi                                                               87              99                 70              86
                      2
    ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                                       95             155                (B)               --
    ..Sinhalese                                                           306              224               100               91
 .Other Indo-European languages                                           980              332                 78             124
    ..Jamaican Creole                                                        7              12                (B)               --




                                                                HI
                                                      Page: 61 of Pages: 220
                                                                          Spoke English
                                                  Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                      1                            1
                                                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Hawaiian Pidgin                                   108         101               (B)          --
   ..Pidgin                                            568         232                78        124
   ..Catalonian                                        101         142               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                          108         123               (B)          --
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                     18          30               (B)          --
   ..Lithuanian                                           5           9              (B)          --
   ..Lettish                                            65          81               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  252,402      5,708          122,962       3,651
 .Chinese                                            27,588      2,336           15,553       1,614
    ..Chinese                                        18,167      1,788            9,887       1,279
    ..Cantonese                                       6,872      1,261            4,581         962
    ..Mandarin                                        2,017        563              737         322
    ..Formosan                                          453        208              292         164
    ..Wu                                                 79         81                56         72
 .Japanese                                           48,179      2,437           21,156       1,658
 .Korean                                             17,148      1,873           11,224       1,440
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                  203        181              106         106
 .Hmong                                                  55         69                55         69
 .Thai                                                1,751        472              901         346
 .Laotian                                             1,616        652              706         352
 .Vietnamese                                          8,110      1,460            5,349       1,105
 .Other Asian languages                                 627        322              379         279
    ..Uighur                                             46         78               (B)          --
    ..Turkish                                           257        220              186         194
    ..Mongolian                                         110         78                87         99
    ..Telugu                                            123        177              106         174
    ..Kannada                                            67        102               (B)          --
    ..Tamil                                              16         26               (B)          --
    ..Burmese                                             8         14               (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                            52,562      3,745           25,620       2,092
 .Other Pacific Island languages                     94,563      4,726           41,913       3,053
    ..Indonesian                                        432        234              103          90
    ..Balinese                                           58         95               (B)          --
    ..Malay                                             103        101                19         31
    ..Bisayan                                         2,914      1,207            1,992       1,119
    ..Sebuano                                            59         58                21         34
    ..Pangasinan                                        226        207              165         195
    ..Ilocano                                        44,591      2,645           26,572       2,218
    ..Bikol                                              66         80               (B)          --
    ..Pampangan                                         297        285                63        108
    ..Micronesian                                     2,583      1,050            1,447         697
    ..Carolinian                                        148        229               (B)          --
    ..Chamorro                                          780        264              140         133
    ..Gilbertese                                         57         88                57         88
    ..Kusaiean                                          805        548              451         351
    ..Marshallese                                     3,589      1,410            1,875         901
    ..Mokilese                                           56         94               (B)          --
    ..Palau                                             607        657              327         407
    ..Ponapean                                        1,285        571              502         316
    ..Trukese                                         2,863      1,244            1,711         703
    ..Yapese                                            307        238                90        101
    ..Samoan                                         11,960      2,128            3,820         844
    ..Tongan                                          3,087      1,341              916         438
    ..Niuean                                             17         28               (B)          --




                                               HI
                                     Page: 62 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..Fijian                                                                        447                  475                129                  141
    ..Marquesan                                                                     111                  126                  28                  45
    ..Rarotongan                                                                    104                  132                 (B)                   --
    ..Maori                                                                          82                   72                  49                  61
    ..Nukuoro                                                                        65                  107                 (B)                   --
    ..Hawaiian                                                                   16,864                1,845             1,436                   323

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                                                 1,484                 432                 267                 173
 .Navajo                                                                               43                  50                   33                 47
 .Other Native North American languages                                                82                  67                    6                 10
   ..Apache                                                                            14                  23                  (B)                  --
   ..Kiowa                                                                             15                  26                  (B)                  --
   ..Dakota                                                                            18                  23                    6                 10
   ..Keres                                                                              3                   6                  (B)                  --
   ..Cherokee                                                                          32                  47                  (B)                  --
 .Hungarian                                                                            44                  42                   15                 26
 .Arabic                                                                              452                 270                   96                104
 .Hebrew                                                                              218                 270                   57                 92
 .African languages                                                                   321                 248                   19                 31
   ..Amharic                                                                           33                  56                  (B)                  --
   ..Swahili                                                                          193                 219                  (B)                  --
   ..Bantu                                                                             65                 107                  (B)                  --
   ..Mande                                                                             11                  19                  (B)                  --
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                                  19                  31                   19                 31
 .Other and unspecified languages                                                     324                 169                   41                 66
   ..Finnish                                                                          152                 127                   41                 66
   ..Uncodable                                                                        172                 104                  (B)                  --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




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                                                                         HI
                                                               Page: 63 of Pages: 220
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                                      1                           1
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     Page: 64 of Pages: 220
                                          Spoke English
                  Number of   Margin of       less than   Margin of
                                      1                           1
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               HI
     Page: 65 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 14. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Iowa: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      2,787,519              712            76,086            2,583
Spoke only English at home                                         2,607,134            4,537                (X)              (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          180,385            4,503            76,086            2,583


Spoke a language other than English at home                          180,385            4,503            76,086            2,583

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                            97,910            2,462            45,460            1,721
   ..Spanish                                                          97,910            2,462            45,460            1,721

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         44,671            2,980            12,866            1,522
 .French                                                               4,700              652             1,089              295
    ..French                                                           4,639              644             1,089              295
    ..Cajun                                                               61              104                (B)               --
 .French Creole                                                          193              241                (B)               --
 .Italian                                                              1,185              358               118               78
 .Portuguese                                                             830              359               409              311
    ..Portuguese                                                         830              359               409              311
 .German                                                              13,267            1,227             2,770              550
    ..German                                                          13,267            1,227             2,770              550
 .Yiddish                                                                120              115                 30              47
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        4,046              844             1,003              455
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                               2,280              827               848              441
    ..Dutch                                                            1,349              370               155              110
    ..Afrikaans                                                          417              305                (B)               --
 .Scandinavian languages                                               1,445              303               159               78
    ..Swedish                                                            213              105                 44              41
    ..Danish                                                             529              148                 36              36
    ..Norwegian                                                          703              237                 79              64
 .Greek                                                                  518              236               178              117
 .Russian                                                              1,792              541               662              241
 .Polish                                                                 897              329               271              181
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             7,971            1,592             4,231              907
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    7,060            1,515             3,779              863
    ..Croatian                                                           328              273               140              166
    ..Serbian                                                            583              406               312              308
 .Other Slavic languages                                               1,708              398               524              208
    ..Bielorussian                                                        11               19                 11              19
    ..Ukrainian                                                          166              160                 90              93
    ..Czech                                                            1,156              292               266              104
    ..Slovak                                                              45               51                (B)               --
    ..Bulgarian                                                          288              182               125              161
    ..Macedonian                                                          42               55                 32              51
 .Armenian                                                                26               29                 13              20
 .Persian                                                                538              373               209              249
 .Hindi                                                                2,055              620               284              157
 .Gujarati                                                               257              172                 85              92
 .Urdu                                                                   698              398                 75              73
 .Other Indic languages                                                1,404              473               523              241
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                       184              176                 21              36
    ..Bengali                                                            279              185               164              150
    ..Panjabi                                                             83               81                 67              68




                                                                IA
                                                      Page: 66 of Pages: 220
                                                                               Spoke English
                                                       Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                           1                            1
                                                        speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Marathi                                                 199        225               (B)          --
   ..Kashmiri                                                 90        154                35         61
   ..Nepali                                                  436        310              213         154
   ..Sindhi                                                   67         80                23         36
   ..Sinhalese                                                66         67               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                            1,021        394              233         226
   ..Jamaican Creole                                          60         80               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                                420        259                54         68
   ..Welsh                                                    12         20               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                            161        128               (B)          --
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                           36         42               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                                167        221              142         220
   ..Lithuanian                                               58         68                16         26
   ..Lettish                                                 105         90                21         35
   ..Pashto                                                    2           4              (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                        29,986      1,171           14,996       1,100
 .Chinese                                                  6,868        879            3,235         591
    ..Chinese                                              5,727        843            2,729         542
    ..Cantonese                                              301        201              199         169
    ..Mandarin                                               629        296              254         191
    ..Formosan                                               211        161                53         78
 .Japanese                                                 1,741        467              672         260
 .Korean                                                   2,692        594            1,780         428
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                       258        194              124         104
 .Hmong                                                      167        142                78         92
 .Thai                                                     1,443        475              659         293
 .Laotian                                                  3,331        700            1,840         516
 .Vietnamese                                               7,498        987            5,450         837
 .Other Asian languages                                    3,088        663              515         273
    ..Azerabaijani                                            18         30                18         30
    ..Turkish                                                302        222                37         43
    ..Telugu                                               1,285        386              138         125
    ..Kannada                                                288        224                66         81
    ..Malayalam                                              193        144                30         50
    ..Tamil                                                  797        348                66         61
    ..Munda                                                   12         21               (B)          --
    ..Burmese                                                 62         65                29         36
    ..Karen                                                  131        196              131         196
 .Tagalog                                                  2,169        586              405         184
 .Other Pacific Island languages                             731        287              238         135
    ..Indonesian                                             181        108                50         80
    ..Javanese                                                11         17               (B)          --
    ..Malay                                                   44         54                21         37
    ..Bisayan                                                121        131                29         34
    ..Ilocano                                                 16         26               (B)          --
    ..Chamorro                                                63         67                59         66
    ..Marshallese                                             41         44                30         33
    ..Ponapean                                                60         71                49         62
    ..Trukese                                                161        195               (B)          --
    ..Samoan                                                  33         50               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        7,818      1,423            2,764         847
 .Navajo                                                      10         17               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                    1,321        297              217         146




                                                    IA
                                          Page: 67 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Inupik                                                                       10                   19                 (B)                   --
     .. Yupik                                                                        11                   19                 (B)                   --
      ..Blackfoot                                                                    62                   64                 (B)                   --
      ..Cree                                                                         18                   28                 (B)                   --
      ..Fox                                                                         636                  174                161                  143
      ..Okanogan                                                                     85                  141                  31                  51
      ..Dakota                                                                      242                  145                  17                  24
      ..Omaha                                                                       133                  114                   3                    7
      ..Mikasuki                                                                     31                   52                 (B)                   --
      ..Muskogee                                                                     13                   22                 (B)                   --
      ..Cherokee                                                                      1                     0                (B)                   --
      ..Tiwa                                                                         14                   25                 (B)                   --
      ..American Indian                                                              65                   47                   5                    9
    .Hungarian                                                                      138                   90                  25                  35
    .Arabic                                                                       2,507                  675             1,226                   521
    .Hebrew                                                                         109                  108                 (B)                   --
    .African languages                                                            3,449                1,175             1,242                   534
      ..Amharic                                                                     470                  335                  75                 104
      ..Chadic                                                                        1                     3                (B)                   --
      ..Cushite                                                                     811                  862                278                  201
      ..Sudanic                                                                     322                  267                242                  208
      ..Nilotic                                                                     282                  270                162                  175
      ..Nilo-hamitic                                                                 72                  115                  72                 115
      ..Swahili                                                                     465                  246                176                  124
      ..Bantu                                                                       361                  340                154                  229
      ..Mande                                                                        33                   54                  33                  54
      ..Fulani                                                                       13                   23                 (B)                   --
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                            591                  297                  22                  37
      ..African                                                                      28                   38                  28                  38
    .Other and unspecified languages                                                284                  167                  54                  43
      ..Finnish                                                                      52                   52                 (B)                   --
      ..Estonian                                                                     36                   36                   4                    7
      ..Aztecan                                                                      42                   49                  23                  37
      ..Mayan languages                                                              99                  147                 (B)                   --
      ..Tarascan                                                                      8                   13                   8                  13
      ..Uncodable                                                                    47                   43                  19                  25

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey

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               IA
     Page: 70 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 15. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Idaho: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than         Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      1,375,973               682           56,065             2,406
Spoke only English at home                                         1,238,169             3,621               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          137,804             3,541           56,064             2,406


Spoke a language other than English at home                          137,804             3,541           56,065             2,406

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           101,729             2,933           44,462             2,204
   ..Spanish                                                         101,729             2,933           44,462             2,204

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                          19,536            1,840             5,490            1,120
 .French                                                                3,277              683               602              244
    ..French                                                            3,244              682               587              242
    ..Patois                                                                18              29                (B)               --
    ..Cajun                                                                 15              28                 15              28
 .French Creole                                                           220              237                (B)               --
 .Italian                                                                 982              359               233              141
 .Portuguese                                                            1,563              419               396              222
    ..Portuguese                                                        1,563              419               396              222
 .German                                                                4,826              662               760              238
    ..German                                                            4,826              662               760              238
 .Yiddish                                                                  (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                           696              243                 61              60
    ..Dutch                                                               645              235                 61              60
    ..Afrikaans                                                             30              50                (B)               --
    ..Frisian                                                               21              34                (B)               --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                  473              146                 17              28
    ..Swedish                                                             195              108                (B)               --
    ..Danish                                                                90              70                (B)               --
    ..Norwegian                                                           188               91                 17              28
 .Greek                                                                   331              129                 78              73
 .Russian                                                               1,955              626             1,038              556
 .Polish                                                                  162               98                 50              48
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                              1,896              783               891              342
    ..Serbocroatian                                                     1,591              759               694              317
    ..Croatian                                                            220              227               112              132
    ..Serbian                                                               85             105                 85             105
 .Other Slavic languages                                                  949              462               404              289
    ..Ukrainian                                                           746              443               341              275
    ..Czech                                                                 45              62                 17              28
    ..Bulgarian                                                           124              114                 46              76
    ..Slovene                                                               34              43                (B)               --
 .Armenian                                                                 (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Persian                                                                 304              180               182              155
 .Hindi                                                                   500              249               168              170
 .Gujarati                                                                  54              83                 54              83
 .Urdu                                                                      74              74                 26              40
 .Other Indic languages                                                   722              666               422              635
    ..Bengali                                                               20              38                (B)               --
    ..Panjabi                                                             114              106                (B)               --
    ..Marathi                                                             146              175                 16              28
    ..Nepali                                                              442              637               406              634




                                                                ID
                                                      Page: 71 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .   Other Indo-European languages                          552          283              108         114
      ..Romanian                                            360          282                83        108
      ..Irish Gaelic                                         69          111               (B)          --
      ..Albanian                                             57           87                25         42
      ..Lithuanian                                           42           65               (B)          --
      ..Lettish                                                8          16               (B)          --
      ..Kurdish                                              16           28               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                        11,209       1,013            5,380         838
 .Chinese                                                  2,205         523            1,326         384
    ..Chinese                                              1,506         387              946         305
    ..Cantonese                                              186         174                92         91
    ..Mandarin                                               424         354              199         212
    ..Formosan                                                 89         84                89         84
 .Japanese                                                 1,883         502              633         240
 .Korean                                                   1,170         415              645         239
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                       244         228              106         141
 .Hmong                                                       (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Thai                                                       829         400              536         381
 .Laotian                                                    461         350              221         162
 .Vietnamese                                               1,069         425              652         347
 .Other Asian languages                                    1,266         514              775         499
    ..Uighur                                                 342         424              342         424
    ..Turkish                                                119         142               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                                 247         161                68         77
    ..Kannada                                                  51         81               (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                                67         79               (B)          --
    ..Tamil                                                    68         66                52         51
    ..Tibetan                                                  74        120                67        108
    ..Burmese                                                162         173              126         130
    ..Karen                                                  136         206              120         182
 .Tagalog                                                  1,191         363              340         179
 .Other Pacific Island languages                             891         284              146         112
    ..Indonesian                                               72         74                43         76
    ..Malay                                                    40         68               (B)          --
    ..Bisayan                                                  39         60                39         60
    ..Sebuano                                                  68         58               (B)          --
    ..Ilocano                                                  17         31               (B)          --
    ..Bikol                                                    50         76               (B)          --
    ..Palau                                                    56         69               (B)          --
    ..Trukese                                                  42         52               (B)          --
    ..Samoan                                                 110         105                61         59
    ..Tongan                                                 227         206                 3          6
    ..Fijian                                                 119         147               (B)          --
    ..Maori                                                    22         35               (B)          --
    ..Hawaiian                                                 29         48               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        5,330         825              733         292
 .Navajo                                                     214         124                76         67
 .Other Native North American languages                    2,982         460              165         101
   ..Yupik                                                    38          59               (B)          --
   ..Cree                                                     16          27               (B)          --
   ..Potawatomi                                               24          41               (B)          --
   ..Shawnee                                                  52          96               (B)          --
   ..Kutenai                                                  29          52               (B)          --




                                                    ID
                                          Page: 72 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Coeur Dalene                                                                109                  110                 (B)                   --
     .. Tlingit                                                                      92                  143                 (B)                   --
      ..Foothill No. Yokuts                                                          43                   68                 (B)                   --
      ..Klamath                                                                       8                   15                 (B)                   --
      ..Nez Perce                                                                   842                  293                100                   86
      ..Yuma                                                                         10                   16                  10                  16
      ..Dakota                                                                       84                  102                 (B)                   --
      ..Cherokee                                                                     11                   19                 (B)                   --
      ..Comanche                                                                     15                   26                 (B)                   --
      ..Paiute                                                                       24                   30                 (B)                   --
      ..Shoshoni                                                                  1,459                  333                  34                  35
      ..Pima                                                                         18                   30                 (B)                   --
      ..American Indian                                                             108                   92                  21                  35
    .Hungarian                                                                      276                  291                 (B)                   --
    .Arabic                                                                         289                  195                  37                  42
    .Hebrew                                                                         133                  105                  22                  35
    .African languages                                                              659                  357                187                  194
      ..Amharic                                                                      43                   59                  43                  59
      ..Cushite                                                                      64                   95                 (B)                   --
      ..Swahili                                                                     218                  185                  24                  34
      ..Bantu                                                                       284                  321                120                  191
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                             50                   63                 (B)                   --
    .Other and unspecified languages                                                777                  323                246                  135
      ..Finnish                                                                      83                   55                  31                  35
      ..Caucasian                                                                   121                  194                 (B)                   --
      ..Basque                                                                      454                  271                168                  127
      ..Mayan languages                                                              23                   39                  13                  21
      ..Oto - Manguen                                                                20                   29                  20                  29
      ..Quechua                                                                      28                   46                  14                  23
      ..Uncodable                                                                    48                   57                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




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                                      1                           1
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               ID
     Page: 75 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 16. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Illinois: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than           Margin of
                                                                                              1                                    1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"              Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      11,942,587             1,040         1,164,741            12,358
Spoke only English at home                                          9,353,214            13,485                (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                         2,589,373            13,440         1,164,741            12,358


Spoke a language other than English at home                          2,589,373           13,440         1,164,741            12,358

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           1,513,856             8,716          741,572             9,200
   ..Spanish                                                         1,513,856             8,716          741,572             9,200

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         682,572            11,355           265,902             6,552
 .French                                                               35,871             2,886             7,406               888
    ..French                                                           35,407             2,856             7,406               888
    ..Patois                                                              464               318                (B)                --
 .French Creole                                                         5,320             1,400             1,453               509
 .Italian                                                              42,431             2,528            11,753             1,197
 .Portuguese                                                            5,951               811             1,718               501
    ..Portuguese                                                        5,951               811             1,718               501
 .German                                                               51,632             2,746            10,269               938
    ..German                                                           51,583             2,750            10,269               938
    ..Luxembourgian                                                        49                56                (B)                --
 .Yiddish                                                               2,695             1,253               251               128
 .Other West Germanic languages                                         5,655             1,109               950               368
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                1,621               706               388               222
    ..Dutch                                                             3,771               876               534               234
    ..Afrikaans                                                           263               176                 28               47
 .Scandinavian languages                                                4,760               649               797               368
    ..Swedish                                                           2,589               541               221               105
    ..Danish                                                            1,056               431               359               305
    ..Norwegian                                                         1,005               296               196               118
    ..Icelandic                                                           110               123                 21               33
 .Greek                                                                40,561             3,695            11,061             1,325
 .Russian                                                              42,984             2,805            22,999             1,767
 .Polish                                                              199,034             7,518           105,331             4,649
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             31,655             3,071            13,288             1,647
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    13,178             2,287             6,447             1,256
    ..Croatian                                                          5,682             1,052             1,952               517
    ..Serbian                                                          12,795             1,822             4,889               944
 .Other Slavic languages                                               33,726             2,530            14,571             1,454
    ..Bielorussian                                                        173               133                 55               70
    ..Ukrainian                                                        12,043             1,309             6,074               953
    ..Czech                                                             5,162               853             1,330               408
    ..Slovak                                                            3,057               711               931               390
    ..Bulgarian                                                        11,277             1,785             5,468               887
    ..Macedonian                                                        1,340               593               434               284
    ..Slovene                                                             674               251               279               147
 .Armenian                                                              2,108               507               896               321
 .Persian                                                               6,621             1,278             1,858               597
 .Hindi                                                                32,324             3,106             8,530             1,420
 .Gujarati                                                             35,812             2,746            15,538             1,912
 .Urdu                                                                 41,048             3,498            11,796             1,373
 .Other Indic languages                                                20,778             2,273             6,883             1,146




                                                                 IL
                                                       Page: 76 of Pages: 220
                                                                          Spoke English
                                                  Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                      1                            1
                                                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
             2
   ..India n.e.c.                                     6,186      1,334           2,538          889
   ..Bengali                                          4,307      1,230           1,252          503
   ..Panjabi                                          4,767      1,232           1,883          592
   ..Marathi                                          3,728        926              673         380
   ..Oriya                                              295        204                63         66
   ..Assamese                                           137        117               (B)          --
   ..Kashmiri                                            97        101                26         42
   ..Nepali                                             379        251              138         136
   ..Sindhi                                             230        175                77         86
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                    345        244                92        110
   ..Sinhalese                                          303        253              141         124
   ..Romany                                               4           7              (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                      41,606      3,563          18,554        2,223
   ..Jamaican Creole                                    481        270              124         119
   ..Krio                                               115        137               (B)          --
   ..Catalonian                                         112        115                22         37
   ..Romanian                                        16,815      2,226           7,790        1,438
   ..Welsh                                               61         70               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                     1,350        321              205         116
   ..Albanian                                         5,507      1,294           2,906          908
   ..Lithuanian                                      14,965      1,810           6,951        1,163
   ..Lettish                                          1,750        525              415         165
   ..Pashto                                             308        234              123         124
   ..Kurdish                                            124        139               (B)          --
   ..Balochi                                             18         30                18         30

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  294,279      5,300          126,766       3,809
 .Chinese                                            76,514      4,115           39,935       2,857
    ..Chinese                                        52,285      3,727           26,643       2,417
    ..Hakka                                              14         23               (B)          --
    ..Cantonese                                      14,191      1,754            8,862       1,230
    ..Mandarin                                        7,546      1,010            3,182         714
    ..Fuchow                                             90        145                90        145
    ..Formosan                                        2,348        573            1,158         342
    ..Wu                                                 40         49               (B)          --
 .Japanese                                           13,054      1,259            6,264         799
 .Korean                                             48,083      3,572           25,940       2,164
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                2,608      1,015            1,477         595
 .Hmong                                                 316        259                95         82
 .Thai                                                5,207        848            2,911         558
 .Laotian                                             5,298      1,153            2,569         716
 .Vietnamese                                         20,337      2,242           12,101       1,641
 .Other Asian languages                              43,519      2,899           11,558       1,555
    ..Azerabaijani                                      211        221                16         27
    ..Turkish                                         3,650        761            1,403         484
    ..Mongolian                                       1,442        683              856         461
    ..Tungus                                            125        205              125         205
    ..Dravidian                                          88        112               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                         13,823      1,836            2,323         688
    ..Kannada                                         2,335        738              554         306
    ..Malayalam                                      11,102      1,707            3,794         932
    ..Tamil                                           9,550      1,629            1,776         670
    ..Munda                                              30         48               (B)          --
    ..Tibetan                                           119        200              102         171
    ..Burmese                                           769        442              383         249




                                               IL
                                     Page: 77 of Pages: 220
                                                                               Spoke English
                                                       Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                           1                            1
                                                        speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Karen                                                   208        331              208         331
   ..Miao-yao, Mien                                           67         72                18         26
 .Tagalog                                                 74,746      3,393          22,427        1,995
 .Other Pacific Island languages                           4,597        846           1,489          409
   ..Indonesian                                            1,277        553              388         233
   ..Javanese                                                  4           9              (B)          --
   ..Malay                                                   934        430              395         224
   ..Bisayan                                               1,025        409              317         199
   ..Sebuano                                                 614        396              251         242
   ..Ilocano                                                 384        207                74         59
   ..Pampangan                                                45         56                11         19
   ..Chamorro                                                159        151                23         29
   ..Samoan                                                   60         70               (B)          --
   ..Fijian                                                   24         39                24         39
   ..Hawaiian                                                 71         74                 6           9

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                       98,666      5,846           30,501       2,982
 .Navajo                                                     122        149               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                    1,242        339              239         143
   ..Yupik                                                   101         94                22         36
   ..Cheyenne                                                 31         51               (B)          --
   ..Ojibwa                                                   21         34               (B)          --
   ..Shawnee                                                  43         74                20         35
   ..Coeur Dalene                                             19         32               (B)          --
   ..Kuchin                                                   82        133                82        133
   ..Kiowa                                                    14         23               (B)          --
   ..Foothill No. Yokuts                                      24         39               (B)          --
   ..Yuma                                                     32         52                32         52
   ..Crow                                                     41         47               (B)          --
   ..Dakota                                                  112         82               (B)          --
   ..Winnebago                                               196        138               (B)          --
   ..Choctaw                                                 195        179                12         20
   ..Muskogee                                                 41         48                22         35
   ..Cherokee                                                115         79                13         21
   ..Arikara                                                  14         24               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                         161        100                36         42
 .Hungarian                                                3,494        674            1,063         387
 .Arabic                                                  45,342      3,623           15,253       2,023
 .Hebrew                                                   5,725      1,058              835         356
 .African languages                                       26,155      2,818            6,759       1,622
   ..Amharic                                               3,378      1,096            1,364         585
   ..Berber                                                   86        119               (B)          --
   ..Chadic                                                  229        201              203         212
   ..Cushite                                               1,838      1,083            1,636       1,029
   ..Sudanic                                                  88        144               (B)          --
   ..Nubian                                                   51         83               (B)          --
   ..Swahili                                               1,563        528              192         147
   ..Bantu                                                 1,019        496              137         123
   ..Mande                                                   375        326                16         27
   ..Fulani                                                  514        417              162         168
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                     16,486      2,007            2,992         818
   ..Efik                                                    218        221               (B)          --
   ..Mbum                                                     48         80               (B)          --
   ..African                                                 262        200                57         73
 .Other and unspecified languages                         16,586      2,756            6,352       1,236




                                                    IL
                                          Page: 78 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..Finnish                                                                       651                  236                130                   90
    ..Estonian                                                                      106                   84                 (B)                   --
    ..Caucasian                                                                     150                  134                  55                  53
    ..Syriac                                                                     15,027                2,639             5,905                 1,187
    ..Aztecan                                                                       210                  290                  86                 138
    ..Quechua                                                                       105                  135                  65                 105
    ..Arawakian                                                                     306                  272                111                  130
    ..Uncodable                                                                      31                   52                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey

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                                                               Page: 79 of Pages: 220
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     Page: 80 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 17. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Indiana: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than         Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      5,896,315             1,034          176,444             4,504
Spoke only English at home                                         5,461,088             6,583               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          435,227             6,515          176,444             4,504


Spoke a language other than English at home                          435,227             6,515          176,444             4,504

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           244,772             3,748          116,042             3,215
   ..Spanish                                                         244,772             3,748          116,042             3,215

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        122,935             5,780           32,589             2,329
 .French                                                              14,502             1,502            4,184               747
    ..French                                                          14,406             1,516            4,142               754
    ..Patois                                                              96                85                42               48
 .French Creole                                                          836               404              269               221
 .Italian                                                              3,384               530              750               314
 .Portuguese                                                           2,368               675                98               62
    ..Portuguese                                                       2,368               675                98               62
 .German                                                              35,022             2,574            7,843             1,086
    ..German                                                          35,022             2,574            7,843             1,086
 .Yiddish                                                                 66                80               (B)                --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                       22,536             3,180            5,085             1,046
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                              18,027             3,063            4,086               949
    ..Dutch                                                            4,217               774              946               379
    ..Afrikaans                                                          292               248                53               85
 .Scandinavian languages                                               1,024               301              196               143
    ..Swedish                                                            442               154                23               37
    ..Danish                                                             295               196                64               72
    ..Norwegian                                                          144                93                26               42
    ..Icelandic                                                          143               129                83              114
 .Greek                                                                4,072               787              816               320
 .Russian                                                              5,703               973            2,227               476
 .Polish                                                               4,826               602            1,563               374
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             6,885             1,199            2,976               767
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    1,961               725            1,109               545
    ..Croatian                                                           818               364              329               204
    ..Serbian                                                          4,106               910            1,538               492
 .Other Slavic languages                                               4,356               824            1,438               455
    ..Bielorussian                                                        13                20                13               20
    ..Ukrainian                                                          828               364              500               270
    ..Czech                                                              301               175                32               34
    ..Slovak                                                             448               147                35               59
    ..Bulgarian                                                          463               235                54               52
    ..Macedonian                                                       2,211               675              769               345
    ..Slovene                                                             92                71                35               44
 .Armenian                                                               284               181              108               127
 .Persian                                                                978               344              151               115
 .Hindi                                                                4,155               734            1,139               357
 .Gujarati                                                             1,959               628              814               406
 .Urdu                                                                 1,473               567              380               209
 .Other Indic languages                                                5,234             1,120            1,631               660
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                     1,781               660              505               464




                                                                IN
                                                      Page: 81 of Pages: 220
                                                                          Spoke English
                                                  Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                      1                            1
                                                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Bengali                                            757        461              260         263
   ..Panjabi                                          1,772        720              749         337
   ..Marathi                                            414        230               (B)          --
   ..Oriya                                               14         25                 9         17
   ..Nepali                                             206        188                77         98
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                     59         82                31         49
   ..Sinhalese                                          231        225               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                       3,272        596              921         304
   ..Krio                                                28         45               (B)          --
   ..Pidgin                                              14         23               (B)          --
   ..Catalonian                                          18         34               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                         1,239        345              394         201
   ..Welsh                                               46         55               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       358        225                17         29
   ..Albanian                                           367        214                96        116
   ..Lithuanian                                         697        264              206         140
   ..Lettish                                            433        286              193         106
   ..Pashto                                              44         57                15         25
   ..Kurdish                                             28         45               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                   51,855      2,060           22,990       1,642
 .Chinese                                            15,521      1,480            7,566       1,197
    ..Chinese                                        12,344      1,379            6,090       1,111
    ..Cantonese                                         452        219              171         130
    ..Mandarin                                        2,147        566            1,076         392
    ..Formosan                                          578        255              229         165
 .Japanese                                            5,330        881            2,459         544
 .Korean                                              6,703        921            3,865         660
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                1,122        559              425         236
 .Hmong                                                 145        211               (B)          --
 .Thai                                                1,287        413              555         259
 .Laotian                                             1,023        490              544         309
 .Vietnamese                                          5,835        979            3,411         707
 .Other Asian languages                               6,935      1,025            2,256         620
    ..Kazakh                                             76         72                43         52
    ..Turkish                                           979        370              316         262
    ..Mongolian                                          57         67                57         67
    ..Telugu                                          1,203        411              252         176
    ..Kannada                                           496        272              101          93
    ..Malayalam                                         887        377              152         158
    ..Tamil                                           1,651        489                99         81
    ..Burmese                                         1,586        694            1,236         574
 .Tagalog                                             6,571        969            1,621         402
 .Other Pacific Island languages                      1,383        456              288         158
    ..Indonesian                                        580        291              212         139
    ..Malay                                             390        321                10         16
    ..Bisayan                                           113        121               (B)          --
    ..Sebuano                                            59         70                52         67
    ..Ilocano                                            53         80               (B)          --
    ..Chamorro                                           61         74               (B)          --
    ..Marshallese                                        14         27                14         27
    ..Palau                                              31         47               (B)          --
    ..Polynesian                                         17         29               (B)          --
    ..Samoan                                             27         46               (B)          --
    ..Hawaiian                                           38         56               (B)          --




                                               IN
                                     Page: 82 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                                               15,665                1,650               4,823                 913
 .Navajo                                                                              68                   66                   12                 20
 .Other Native North American languages                                              929                  422                 104                  75
   ..Algonquian                                                                        8                   15                  (B)                  --
   ..Blackfoot                                                                        12                   21                  (B)                  --
   ..Menomini                                                                         32                   53                  (B)                  --
   ..Ojibwa                                                                           44                   44                   33                 40
   ..Ottawa                                                                           27                   45                  (B)                  --
   ..Okanogan                                                                          5                    8                  (B)                  --
   ..Apache                                                                           20                   32                   20                 32
   ..Dakota                                                                          201                  173                    9                 16
   ..Choctaw                                                                         279                  306                   23                 37
   ..Cherokee                                                                        283                  174                   19                 29
   ..American Indian                                                                  18                   26                  (B)                  --
 .Hungarian                                                                        1,163                  305                 296                 155
 .Arabic                                                                           6,064                  881               2,217                 616
 .Hebrew                                                                           1,164                  379                 217                 121
 .African languages                                                                5,593                1,008               1,715                 526
   ..Amharic                                                                       1,244                  462                 531                 270
   ..Chadic                                                                           71                   82                   47                 74
   ..Cushite                                                                         537                  448                 219                 181
   ..Swahili                                                                         802                  417                   94                 82
   ..Bantu                                                                         1,075                  378                 212                 154
   ..Mande                                                                           311                  279                 156                 224
   ..Fulani                                                                           10                   24                   10                 24
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                              1,514                  578                 417                 327
   ..African                                                                          29                   52                   29                 52
 .Other and unspecified languages                                                    684                  276                 262                 203
   ..Finnish                                                                          77                   67                  (B)                  --
   ..Estonian                                                                         20                   60                  (B)                  --
   ..Syriac                                                                          267                  185                   64                 82
   ..Mayan languages                                                                  64                   79                   64                 79
   ..Tarascan                                                                        100                  160                 100                 160
   ..Oto - Manguen                                                                     8                   15                    8                 15
   ..Arawakian                                                                        28                   46                  (B)                  --
   ..Uncodable                                                                       120                   78                   26                 42

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey

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                                                                         IN
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                                      1                           1
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               IN
     Page: 85 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 18. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Kansas: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      2,580,615              699          111,696             3,182
Spoke only English at home                                         2,323,018            4,247               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          257,597            4,213          111,696             3,182


Spoke a language other than English at home                          257,597            4,213          111,696             3,182

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           169,162            3,284            80,602            2,679
   ..Spanish                                                         169,162            3,284            80,602            2,679

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         39,542            2,295             9,162            1,129
 .French                                                               5,422              663             1,368              330
    ..French                                                           5,317              664             1,368              330
    ..Patois                                                              58               64                (B)               --
    ..Cajun                                                               47               46                (B)               --
 .French Creole                                                          363              301               159              244
 .Italian                                                              1,407              416               179              102
 .Portuguese                                                           1,218              437               190              137
    ..Portuguese                                                       1,218              437               190              137
 .German                                                              13,564              981             2,552              416
    ..German                                                          13,547              979             2,552              416
    ..Luxembourgian                                                       17               28                (B)               --
 .Yiddish                                                                148              138                (B)               --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        1,064              307                 64              57
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                 200              118                 21              34
    ..Dutch                                                              702              243                 43              41
    ..Afrikaans                                                          162              119                (B)               --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 582              237                 52              48
    ..Swedish                                                            266              143                 48              48
    ..Danish                                                             129              113                (B)               --
    ..Norwegian                                                          187              148                  4               6
 .Greek                                                                  319              202                 73              90
 .Russian                                                              2,280              714               867              368
 .Polish                                                                 309              176                 16              20
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                               917              415               247              155
    ..Serbocroatian                                                      281              280               101              109
    ..Croatian                                                           442              221               146              104
    ..Serbian                                                            194              179                (B)               --
 .Other Slavic languages                                                 788              251               185              124
    ..Ukrainian                                                          169              131                 99             100
    ..Czech                                                              437              143                 68              45
    ..Slovak                                                              31               38                (B)               --
    ..Bulgarian                                                           75               78                 18              32
    ..Macedonian                                                          76               98                (B)               --
 .Armenian                                                               144              147                 18              29
 .Persian                                                              1,407              621               349              233
 .Hindi                                                                2,508              672               340              208
 .Gujarati                                                             1,230              650               488              291
 .Urdu                                                                 1,593              537               354              169
 .Other Indic languages                                                3,635              931             1,596              714
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                       593              382               479              400
    ..Bengali                                                            850              401               319              243




                                                               KS
                                                      Page: 86 of Pages: 220
                                                                          Spoke English
                                                  Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                      1                            1
                                                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Panjabi                                           774         401              220         142
   ..Marathi                                           431         228                66         59
   ..Rajasthani                                         51          86                27         46
   ..Nepali                                            563         317              247         182
   ..Sindhi                                             56          92                41         68
   ..Sinhalese                                         317         307              197         283
 .Other Indo-European languages                        644         305                65        111
   ..Jamaican Creole                                    28          55               (B)          --
   ..Pidgin                                             69          87               (B)          --
   ..Catalonian                                         46          79               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                          234         247                65        111
   ..Welsh                                              31          35               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                      148          78               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                           14          23               (B)          --
   ..Lithuanian                                         59          97               (B)          --
   ..Lettish                                            15          26               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                   38,650      1,854           19,223       1,420
 .Chinese                                             8,506      1,284            4,533       1,065
    ..Chinese                                         6,869        973            3,533         645
    ..Cantonese                                         502        278              276         175
    ..Mandarin                                          973        709              664         659
    ..Formosan                                          162        132                60         57
 .Japanese                                            1,586        393              549         204
 .Korean                                              3,222        661            1,816         491
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                  770        389              360         184
 .Hmong                                               1,406        435              711         363
 .Thai                                                1,152        448              377         242
 .Laotian                                             4,444        889            2,512         636
 .Vietnamese                                          9,951      1,293            6,142         841
 .Other Asian languages                               3,813        786            1,143         418
    ..Uighur                                             43         51                43         51
    ..Turkish                                           409        202              162         139
    ..Gondi                                              23         39               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                          1,294        519              312         190
    ..Kannada                                           432        267                15         28
    ..Malayalam                                         593        327              193         165
    ..Tamil                                             896        386              295         247
    ..Burmese                                           123        166              123         166
 .Tagalog                                             2,415        563              507         186
 .Other Pacific Island languages                      1,385        524              573         319
    ..Indonesian                                        231        144                94         85
    ..Malay                                              28         51                14         29
    ..Bisayan                                           284        266                73         93
    ..Sebuano                                            59         99                59         99
    ..Pangasinan                                         25         45               (B)          --
    ..Micronesian                                        31         39               (B)          --
    ..Marshallese                                       208        233              131         162
    ..Palau                                              39         35                10          9
    ..Ponapean                                           91        114                65        100
    ..Samoan                                            379        253              127         156
    ..Hawaiian                                           10         16               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                  10,243      1,543            2,709         653
 .Navajo                                                 58         49                6          12




                                              KS
                                     Page: 87 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    .Other Native North American languages                                        1,204                  359                145                   92
      ..Cheyenne                                                                     17                   27                 (B)                   --
      ..Kickapoo                                                                    197                  105                   8                  15
      ..Ojibwa                                                                       38                   38                 (B)                   --
      ..Potawatomi                                                                  265                  144                  47                  52
      ..Apache                                                                       10                   39                 (B)                   --
      ..Kiowa                                                                        30                   47                 (B)                   --
      ..Dakota                                                                      160                  112                  47                  46
      ..Kansa                                                                         2                     4                (B)                   --
      ..Omaha                                                                        46                   75                 (B)                   --
      ..Choctaw                                                                     190                  246                 (B)                   --
      ..Muskogee                                                                     28                   35                  16                  27
      ..Cherokee                                                                    151                   95                  13                  20
      ..Hopi                                                                          5                     8                (B)                   --
      ..American Indian                                                              65                   67                  14                  24
    .Hungarian                                                                      142                   69                 (B)                   --
    .Arabic                                                                       3,542                1,021                922                  301
    .Hebrew                                                                         535                  319                  51                  57
    .African languages                                                            4,454                1,057             1,565                   618
      ..Amharic                                                                     790                  386                295                  163
      ..Cushite                                                                     388                  379                127                  105
      ..Sudanic                                                                     131                  151                  77                  91
      ..Swahili                                                                   2,035                  765                730                  491
      ..Bantu                                                                       254                  194                  37                  60
      ..Mande                                                                        95                  104                 (B)                   --
      ..Fulani                                                                       40                   48                 (B)                   --
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                            589                  398                262                  297
      ..Efik                                                                         44                   73                 (B)                   --
      ..African                                                                      88                  100                  37                  62
    .Other and unspecified languages                                                308                  177                  20                  31
      ..Finnish                                                                      82                  125                 (B)                   --
      ..Caucasian                                                                    30                   35                  20                  31
      ..Arawakian                                                                    23                   38                 (B)                   --
      ..Uncodable                                                                   173                  118                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey



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table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 19. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Kentucky: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      3,955,505             1,141           73,062             3,133
Spoke only English at home                                         3,790,556             4,198               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          164,949             4,042           73,062             3,133


Spoke a language other than English at home                          164,949             4,042           73,062             3,133

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                             84,769            2,764           42,858             2,264
   ..Spanish                                                           84,769            2,764           42,858             2,264

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                          47,623            2,958           14,900             1,800
 .French                                                                7,902              915            2,265               505
    ..French                                                            7,664              895            2,265               505
    ..Patois                                                              238              260               (B)                --
 .French Creole                                                           489              207                87               84
 .Italian                                                               1,300              380              194               105
 .Portuguese                                                            1,206              544              377               231
    ..Portuguese                                                        1,206              544              377               231
 .German                                                               12,312            1,332            3,231               696
    ..German                                                           12,312            1,332            3,231               696
 .Yiddish                                                                  82               87               (B)                --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                         4,508            1,353            2,325               901
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                2,852            1,052            1,797               833
    ..Dutch                                                             1,577              631              528               326
    ..Afrikaans                                                            79               83               (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                  404              192                44               45
    ..Swedish                                                             317              188                19               32
    ..Danish                                                               25               35                25               35
    ..Norwegian                                                            62               52               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                   955              409              286               238
 .Russian                                                               2,380              552            1,012               284
 .Polish                                                                1,021              349              261               174
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                              5,452            1,344            2,539               774
    ..Serbocroatian                                                     4,804            1,322            2,298               778
    ..Croatian                                                            422              340              140               164
    ..Serbian                                                             226              206              101               122
 .Other Slavic languages                                                1,337              616              528               352
    ..Ukrainian                                                           796              429              310               245
    ..Czech                                                               146              116                39               52
    ..Slovak                                                               32               36               (B)                --
    ..Bulgarian                                                           347              325              163               191
    ..Slovene                                                              16               26                16               26
 .Armenian                                                                 87               89               (B)                --
 .Persian                                                               1,151              578              273               182
 .Hindi                                                                 2,514              661              322               180
 .Gujarati                                                              1,023              403              378               287
 .Urdu                                                                    903              408              144               140
 .Other Indic languages                                                 1,433              490              153               129
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                        446              344                63              104
    ..Bengali                                                             172              139               (B)                --
    ..Panjabi                                                              75               77                23               34
    ..Marathi                                                             348              201                29               48




                                                               KY
                                                      Page: 91 of Pages: 220
                                                                          Spoke English
                                                  Number of   Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                      1                            1
                                                   speakers      Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Assamese                                            34         58               (B)          --
   ..Nepali                                             139        126                18         30
   ..Sindhi                                              29         46               (B)          --
   ..Sinhalese                                          190        184                20         34
 .Other Indo-European languages                       1,164        434              481         288
   ..Jamaican Creole                                     75        122                75        122
   ..Krio                                                66        100               (B)          --
   ..Pidgin                                             124        200               (B)          --
   ..Catalonian                                          46         78               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                           224        175                80         81
   ..Welsh                                               30         37               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       171        105                62         79
   ..Albanian                                           240        285              158         207
   ..Lettish                                             46         53               (B)          --
   ..Pashto                                              96        128                60         98
   ..Kurdish                                             46         52                46         52

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                   25,705      1,604           12,623       1,269
 .Chinese                                             5,820        898            3,185         641
    ..Chinese                                         4,673        764            2,493         492
    ..Cantonese                                         452        364              314         297
    ..Mandarin                                          421        246              181         169
    ..Fuchow                                             56         87                56         87
    ..Formosan                                          218        145              141         116
 .Japanese                                            4,528        721            2,717         613
 .Korean                                              2,666        579            1,468         419
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                  229        161              152         132
 .Hmong                                                 174        264                82        123
 .Thai                                                  652        302              443         246
 .Laotian                                               388        492                79        129
 .Vietnamese                                          3,296        841            2,269         631
 .Other Asian languages                               3,539        815              961         366
    ..Kazakh                                             14         24                14         24
    ..Uighur                                             90        148               (B)          --
    ..Turkish                                           766        496              376         276
    ..Mongolian                                          67         83                67         83
    ..Telugu                                          1,029        376              177         143
    ..Kannada                                           320        268               (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                         603        278              134          97
    ..Tamil                                             542        273                85        100
    ..Burmese                                            68         75                68         75
    ..Karen                                              40         65                40         65
 .Tagalog                                             3,103        671              754         288
 .Other Pacific Island languages                      1,310        465              513         348
    ..Indonesian                                        133        123                36         38
    ..Bisayan                                             9         17               (B)          --
    ..Sebuano                                            87        121                26         43
    ..Ilocano                                            88         85                24         36
    ..Pampangan                                          15         22                15         22
    ..Micronesian                                       307        331              282         325
    ..Chamorro                                          382        192                28         40
    ..Marshallese                                        25         42                25         42
    ..Trukese                                            18         32                18         32
    ..Ulithean                                           39         71                39         71
    ..Melanesian                                          8         13               (B)          --




                                              KY
                                     Page: 92 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..   Samoan                                                                    138                   144                  6                   11
    ..   Hawaiian                                                                   61                    55                 14                   24

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                                                 6,852               1,187               2,681                 724
 .Navajo                                                                               (B)                  --                 (B)                  --
 .Other Native North American languages                                               476                 204                   84                 58
   ..Eskimo                                                                             14                 23                  (B)                  --
   ..Shawnee                                                                            11                 19                  (B)                  --
   ..Dakota                                                                             69                 83                    9                 15
   ..Muskogee                                                                           16                 25                  (B)                  --
   ..Keres                                                                              11                 18                  (B)                  --
   ..Cherokee                                                                         208                 131                   39                 47
   ..Tewa                                                                               15                 25                   15                 25
   ..American Indian                                                                  132                 157                   21                 25
 .Hungarian                                                                           136                 100                   73                 82
 .Arabic                                                                            3,402                 817               1,282                 418
 .Hebrew                                                                              206                 148                  (B)                  --
 .African languages                                                                 2,415                 750               1,218                 593
   ..Amharic                                                                            81                 81                   76                 80
   ..Cushite                                                                          830                 622                 732                 581
   ..Sudanic                                                                            90                116                   60                 74
   ..Swahili                                                                          207                 163                 163                 152
   ..Bantu                                                                            147                  87                   16                 28
   ..Mande                                                                              53                 67                   16                 27
   ..Fulani                                                                           556                 444                 135                 108
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                                 451                 221                   20                 31
 .Other and unspecified languages                                                     217                 122                   24                 30
   ..Finnish                                                                            88                 70                  (B)                  --
   ..Estonian                                                                           41                 67                  (B)                  --
   ..Syriac                                                                             30                 38                   16                 27
   ..Mayan languages                                                                     8                 16                    8                 16
   ..Uncodable                                                                          50                 49                  (B)                  --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




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              KY
     Page: 95 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 20. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Louisiana: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than         Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      4,043,172               900          107,149             3,507
Spoke only English at home                                         3,704,711             6,182               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          338,461             6,255          107,149             3,507


Spoke a language other than English at home                          338,461             6,255          107,149             3,507

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           117,240             2,986           50,489             2,553
   ..Spanish                                                         117,240             2,986           50,489             2,553

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        169,235             4,219           32,010             2,173
 .French                                                             138,077             3,321           24,051             1,567
    ..French                                                         115,194             3,572           21,638             1,493
    ..Patois                                                              16                22               (B)                --
    ..Cajun                                                           22,867             1,465            2,413               399
 .French Creole                                                        6,297               975            1,291               531
 .Italian                                                              2,605               655              626               255
 .Portuguese                                                           1,703               752            1,108               656
    ..Portuguese                                                       1,703               752            1,108               656
 .German                                                               5,480               820              747               269
    ..German                                                           5,480               820              747               269
 .Yiddish                                                                 19                30                19               30
 .Other West Germanic languages                                          775               349                12               20
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                  28                33               (B)                --
    ..Dutch                                                              729               346                12               20
    ..Afrikaans                                                           18                29               (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                               1,023               635              189               218
    ..Swedish                                                            213               190                24               29
    ..Danish                                                             103                87               (B)                --
    ..Norwegian                                                          624               575              165               215
    ..Icelandic                                                           83               135               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                1,067               322              186                91
 .Russian                                                              1,922               793              959               628
 .Polish                                                                 628               423              269               225
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                               683               402              304               221
    ..Serbocroatian                                                       48                47                32               37
    ..Croatian                                                           455               361              178               159
    ..Serbian                                                            180               180                94              157
 .Other Slavic languages                                                 720               325              215               158
    ..Ukrainian                                                          105               102                70               86
    ..Czech                                                              156               125                 6               10
    ..Bulgarian                                                          350               241              139               132
    ..Macedonian                                                          30                36               (B)                --
    ..Slovene                                                             79                93               (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                                69                87                45               79
 .Persian                                                                737               403              249               195
 .Hindi                                                                1,574               482              354               211
 .Gujarati                                                               468               317                94              101
 .Urdu                                                                 2,244               932              641               355
 .Other Indic languages                                                2,209               508              511               278
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                       474               255                45               58
    ..Bengali                                                            486               316                51               75




                                                               LA
                                                      Page: 96 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Panjabi                                                254          182              123         141
   ..Marathi                                                431          234              124         125
   ..Nepali                                                  60          100                39         66
   ..Sindhi                                                 190          175                25         41
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                        182          176               (B)          --
   ..Sinhalese                                              132          166              104         161
 .Other Indo-European languages                             935          486              140         155
   ..Jamaican Creole                                        132          177                18         29
   ..Krio                                                    44           51               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                               355          285               (B)          --
   ..Welsh                                                   23           38               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                            97           92               (B)          --
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                          38           45                16         27
   ..Lithuanian                                              21           29                17         28
   ..Pashto                                                  35           56               (B)          --
   ..Kurdish                                                190          313                89        146

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                        42,450       1,835           21,795       1,415
 .Chinese                                                  7,415       1,457            4,191         969
    ..Chinese                                              6,247       1,237            3,533         812
    ..Cantonese                                              313         246              157         132
    ..Mandarin                                               597         504              348         351
    ..Formosan                                               258         159              153         137
 .Japanese                                                 2,046         589              828         316
 .Korean                                                   2,100         549              947         282
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                       402         304              288         228
 .Hmong                                                       (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Thai                                                       892         384              590         297
 .Laotian                                                  1,220         536              646         309
 .Vietnamese                                              22,995       1,975           12,997       1,206
 .Other Asian languages                                    1,799         539              259         165
    ..Kazakh                                                   15         27                15         27
    ..Turkish                                                130         125               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                                 769         392                32         40
    ..Kannada                                                141         172               (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                              401         221              193         146
    ..Tamil                                                  343         202                19         29
 .Tagalog                                                  2,778         630              815         262
 .Other Pacific Island languages                             803         381              234         171
    ..Indonesian                                             428         335              101         105
    ..Malay                                                    32         40               (B)          --
    ..Sebuano                                                  26         44               (B)          --
    ..Ilocano                                                  27         45               (B)          --
    ..Pampangan                                                33         42                22         37
    ..Chamorro                                               110          67                21         34
    ..Palau                                                    21         38                 6         11
    ..Samoan                                                 114         139                84        134
    ..Hawaiian                                                 12         20               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        9,536       2,368            2,855         996
 .Navajo                                                      29          36                15         25
 .Other Native North American languages                      345         137                93         80
   ..Blackfoot                                                62          81                49         80
   ..Potawatomi                                               11          18               (B)          --
   ..Kiowa                                                    38          48               (B)          --




                                                   LA
                                          Page: 97 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Choctaw                                                                      12                   20                  12                  20
     .. Koasati                                                                      29                   35                 (B)                   --
      ..Muskogee                                                                     31                   37                 (B)                   --
      ..Chetemacha                                                                   89                   64                  19                  32
      ..Cherokee                                                                     23                   37                 (B)                   --
      ..American Indian                                                              50                   46                  13                  22
    .Hungarian                                                                      354                  177                  90                  69
    .Arabic                                                                       6,935                2,084             2,277                   884
    .Hebrew                                                                          50                   49                  21                  33
    .African languages                                                            1,637                  684                312                  298
      ..Amharic                                                                     119                  168                101                  166
      ..Berber                                                                       33                   54                 (B)                   --
      ..Swahili                                                                     404                  252                  49                  80
      ..Bantu                                                                       188                  221                  93                 155
      ..Mande                                                                        53                   57                  38                  63
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                            780                  547                  31                  36
      ..African                                                                      60                   62                 (B)                   --
    .Other and unspecified languages                                                186                   96                  47                  43
      ..Finnish                                                                      67                   71                 (B)                   --
      ..Estonian                                                                     19                   30                  19                  30
      ..Aztecan                                                                      26                   31                  26                  31
      ..Uncodable                                                                    74                   60                   2                    5

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




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               LA
     Page: 100 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 21. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Massachusetts:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than       Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"          Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      6,087,734              533          523,294             9,230
Spoke only English at home                                         4,841,697           12,912               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                        1,246,037           12,899          523,294             9,230


Spoke a language other than English at home                        1,246,037           12,899          523,294             9,230

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           430,185            4,574          191,746             4,816
   ..Spanish                                                         430,185            4,574          191,746             4,816

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        549,297           11,163          209,922             6,825
 .French                                                              74,936            3,197           16,956             1,621
    ..French                                                          73,303            3,310           16,759             1,622
    ..Patois                                                           1,580              659              177               145
    ..Cajun                                                               53               50                20               32
 .French Creole                                                       48,400            3,675           21,127             2,055
 .Italian                                                             47,478            2,894           14,251             1,373
 .Portuguese                                                         183,108            7,363           93,225             5,003
    ..Portuguese                                                     183,029            7,350           93,210             5,001
    ..Papia Mentae                                                        79               78                15               24
 .German                                                              18,344            1,756            2,113               431
    ..German                                                          18,344            1,756            2,113               431
 .Yiddish                                                              1,154              322              149               118
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        2,751              559              243               124
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                   6               10               (B)                --
    ..Dutch                                                            2,333              551              218               117
    ..Afrikaans                                                          374              207                25               41
    ..Frisian                                                             38               43               (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                               3,265              632              458               203
    ..Swedish                                                          1,485              460              203               135
    ..Danish                                                             904              302              142               131
    ..Norwegian                                                          647              245              113                83
    ..Icelandic                                                          229              261               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                               24,793            2,151            6,697               900
 .Russian                                                             38,723            2,790           18,938             1,720
 .Polish                                                              23,571            1,837            9,517             1,203
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             3,734            1,099            1,385               539
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    2,349              749              977               421
    ..Croatian                                                           708              690              275               319
    ..Serbian                                                            677              405              133                89
 .Other Slavic languages                                               7,581            1,313            2,537               653
    ..Bielorussian                                                        15               25                15               25
    ..Ukrainian                                                        2,963              734            1,170               455
    ..Czech                                                            1,472              560              385               290
    ..Slovak                                                             849              564              281               323
    ..Bulgarian                                                        1,950              724              638               316
    ..Macedonian                                                         249              282                48               61
    ..Slovene                                                             83              104               (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                             5,949            1,010            1,764               466
 .Persian                                                              5,669            1,134            1,876               526
 .Hindi                                                               14,574            1,952            2,682               900
 .Gujarati                                                             8,037            1,587            2,926               922




                                                              MA
                                                     Page: 101 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .Urdu                                                4,292         906           1,224          426
 .Other Indic languages                              14,410       1,627           4,287          752
                  2
   ..India n.e.c.                                     1,386         583              448         327
   ..Bengali                                          4,917       1,021           1,655          536
   ..Panjabi                                          2,310         736              814         331
   ..Marathi                                          2,482         572              320         208
   ..Oriya                                              330         274              190         243
   ..Nepali                                           1,833         770              625         421
   ..Sindhi                                             176         153                11         20
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                    120         166               (B)          --
   ..Sinhalese                                          793         426              224         210
   ..Romany                                              63          76               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                      18,528       2,427           7,567        1,531
   ..Jamaican Creole                                    400         257              104          85
   ..Krio                                               425         356              234         228
   ..Pidgin                                              59         101               (B)          --
   ..Gullah                                              15          25               (B)          --
   ..Catalonian                                         276         159              106         104
   ..Romanian                                         1,937         702              605         260
   ..Welsh                                              101          91                24         39
   ..Irish Gaelic                                     3,361         644              448         185
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      26          45               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                         8,411       1,739           5,198        1,320
   ..Lithuanian                                       2,222         713              480         277
   ..Lettish                                            475         183              101          77
   ..Pashto                                             237         205                76         89
   ..Kurdish                                            583         642              191         233

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  205,789       3,941          102,235       3,274
 .Chinese                                            89,914       3,559           44,082       2,277
    ..Chinese                                        62,814       3,028           31,214       2,000
    ..Hakka                                              70         110                58         91
    ..Cantonese                                      16,378       2,058            8,808       1,243
    ..Mandarin                                        9,259       1,317            3,421         802
    ..Formosan                                        1,325         436              534         208
    ..Wu                                                 68          65                47         54
 .Japanese                                            9,066       1,196            3,755         739
 .Korean                                             14,316       1,594            6,940       1,010
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                               21,385       2,550           11,899       1,640
 .Hmong                                                 580         549              261         286
 .Thai                                                3,790       1,074            1,705         705
 .Laotian                                             2,865         767            1,294         474
 .Vietnamese                                         35,011       3,059           23,489       2,330
 .Other Asian languages                              18,408       2,218            5,113       1,181
    ..Kazakh                                             74          90               (B)          --
    ..Azerabaijani                                      146         170                74         88
    ..Turkish                                         3,815         828            1,556         498
    ..Mongolian                                          87         106                13         21
    ..Dravidian                                         119         113               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                          4,219         885              968         413
    ..Kannada                                         1,447         442              141          89
    ..Malayalam                                       1,541         706              601         464
    ..Tamil                                           5,454         957              805         336
    ..Tibetan                                           747         688              564         573
    ..Burmese                                           631         385              325         249




                                              MA
                                     Page: 102 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Karen                                                   128         209                66        108
 .Tagalog                                                  7,968       1,395           2,790          842
 .Other Pacific Island languages                           2,486         770              907         500
   ..Indonesian                                            1,159         606              416         352
   ..Javanese                                                 14          24               (B)          --
   ..Malagasy                                                 21          37               (B)          --
   ..Malay                                                   144         135                18         31
   ..Bisayan                                                 103         114                72         71
   ..Sebuano                                                  20          32               (B)          --
   ..Ilocano                                                 117         134               (B)          --
   ..Pampangan                                                24          40                24         40
   ..Chamorro                                                155         139                12         22
   ..Marshallese                                              21          34               (B)          --
   ..Palau                                                    13          21               (B)          --
   ..Melanesian                                               17          29                17         29
   ..Polynesian                                               32          53               (B)          --
   ..Samoan                                                  119         147               (B)          --
   ..Marquesan                                               360         462              315         395
   ..Maori                                                    94         136                33         48
   ..Hawaiian                                                 73         123               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        60,766      3,971           19,391       2,169
 .Navajo                                                      114        132               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                       681        318              193         159
   ..Algonquian                                                50         48               (B)          --
   ..Blackfoot                                                 75         95               (B)          --
   ..Fox                                                       10         17               (B)          --
   ..Micmac                                                   100        128                12         21
   ..Ojibwa                                                    83        119               (B)          --
   ..Kuchin                                                    67         77                35         56
   ..Northwest Maidu                                           32         54                32         54
   ..Foothill No. Yokuts                                       87        139                59         94
   ..Choctaw                                                   15         24                15         24
   ..Muskogee                                                  39         47               (B)          --
   ..Mohawk                                                    21         33                21         33
   ..Cherokee                                                  54         89               (B)          --
   ..Pima                                                      29         44               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                           19         31                19         31
 .Hungarian                                                 1,937        448              418         201
 .Arabic                                                   23,600      2,573            8,683       1,564
 .Hebrew                                                    6,488      1,274            1,135         438
 .African languages                                        25,952      2,512            8,365       1,534
   ..Amharic                                                3,619        836            1,613         472
   ..Berber                                                   102        105                68         90
   ..Chadic                                                   106        124              106         124
   ..Cushite                                                2,955      1,223            1,309         584
   ..Sudanic                                                   12         20               (B)          --
   ..Nilo-hamitic                                              28         44               (B)          --
   ..Swahili                                                5,081      1,186              939         504
   ..Bantu                                                  2,798        916            1,169         691
   ..Mande                                                    734        320              290         192
   ..Fulani                                                   454        238              157         112
   ..Gur                                                       36         59               (B)          --
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                       9,385      1,570            2,429         762
   ..Efik                                                      64        104                30         49




                                                   MA
                                          Page: 103 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
         ..African                                                                  578                  301                255                  187
    .   Other and unspecified languages                                           1,994                  535                597                  328
         ..Finnish                                                                1,490                  427                324                  176
         ..Estonian                                                                 185                  101                  25                  41
         ..Caucasian                                                                 37                   45                  25                  41
         ..Mayan languages                                                          226                  315                187                  252
         ..Mapuche                                                                   36                   60                  36                  60
         ..Arawakian                                                                 14                   23                 (B)                   --
         ..Tupi-guarani                                                               6                   11                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                       MA
                                                              Page: 104 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 22. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Maryland: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                       5,247,846              512          307,932             5,941
Spoke only English at home                                          4,465,318            9,404               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                           782,528            9,479          307,932             5,941


Spoke a language other than English at home                          782,528             9,479          307,932             5,941

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           299,225             4,361          142,643             3,973
   ..Spanish                                                         299,225             4,361          142,643             3,973

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        224,071             6,557           65,279             2,798
 .French                                                              47,573             2,912           12,378             1,390
    ..French                                                          45,762             2,883           11,942             1,354
    ..Patois                                                           1,720               575              373               244
    ..Cajun                                                               91               107                63              102
 .French Creole                                                       11,269             2,461            2,859               905
 .Italian                                                             11,664             1,299            2,691               477
 .Portuguese                                                           9,355             1,780            4,258             1,082
    ..Portuguese                                                       9,258             1,768            4,180             1,078
    ..Papia Mentae                                                        97                99                78               94
 .German                                                              21,988             1,747            3,247               596
    ..German                                                          21,988             1,747            3,247               596
 .Yiddish                                                              1,252               263              238               129
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        3,594               780              712               325
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                 863               326              500               275
    ..Dutch                                                            2,335               679              175               136
    ..Afrikaans                                                          396               159                37               35
 .Scandinavian languages                                               2,140               593              292               170
    ..Swedish                                                            632               239              105               108
    ..Danish                                                             862               479              142               118
    ..Norwegian                                                          528               226                17               28
    ..Icelandic                                                           90               100               (B)                --
    ..Faroese                                                             28                47                28               47
 .Greek                                                               11,476             1,740            2,987               683
 .Russian                                                             19,102             2,089            9,709             1,172
 .Polish                                                               5,346               891            1,741               413
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             1,474               425              300               166
    ..Serbocroatian                                                      346               228              110                84
    ..Croatian                                                           363               183                65               62
    ..Serbian                                                            765               392              125               120
 .Other Slavic languages                                               4,712               810            1,706               479
    ..Ukrainian                                                        1,683               463              708               282
    ..Czech                                                              606               277              268               244
    ..Slovak                                                             536               292              181               179
    ..Bulgarian                                                        1,847               613              549               366
    ..Slovene                                                             40                67               (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                             1,292               453              456               262
 .Persian                                                             11,075             1,745            4,233               968
 .Hindi                                                               14,424             1,731            2,446               697
 .Gujarati                                                             7,669             1,281            2,911               715
 .Urdu                                                                11,594             1,825            3,642               819
 .Other Indic languages                                               17,038             1,969            5,592             1,110




                                                               MD
                                                      Page: 105 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
             2
   ..India n.e.c.                                     1,401         528              591         337
   ..Bengali                                          6,328         995           1,944          486
   ..Panjabi                                          3,266         914           1,117          506
   ..Marathi                                          1,510         526              187         138
   ..Bihari                                              36          59               (B)          --
   ..Oriya                                               26          48                26         48
   ..Assamese                                            47          76               (B)          --
   ..Kashmiri                                            55          64               (B)          --
   ..Nepali                                           2,387         924           1,209          640
   ..Sindhi                                             184         155               (B)          --
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                    101         150               (B)          --
   ..Sinhalese                                        1,697         672              518         444
 .Other Indo-European languages                      10,034       1,435           2,881          584
   ..Jamaican Creole                                  1,583         603              529         340
   ..Krio                                             1,821         601              505         319
   ..Pidgin                                             528         507                94        116
   ..Romanian                                         2,579         649              685         288
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       251         156                84        114
   ..Albanian                                           920         449              337         179
   ..Lithuanian                                       1,131         661              219         147
   ..Lettish                                            414         147              125          94
   ..Pashto                                             708         512              247         202
   ..Kurdish                                             99         117                56         93

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  172,773       3,996           80,511       2,981
 .Chinese                                            54,869       3,244           28,039       2,442
    ..Chinese                                        41,145       2,633           21,094       1,776
    ..Hakka                                               22         30                17         28
    ..Cantonese                                       4,483       1,203            2,428         824
    ..Mandarin                                        7,619       1,468            3,522       1,027
    ..Fuchow                                            111         120                74         84
    ..Formosan                                        1,428         407              843         292
    ..Wu                                                  61         71                61         71
 .Japanese                                            6,669       1,351            3,175         818
 .Korean                                             38,832       2,638           21,005       1,696
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                1,916         810              821         444
 .Hmong                                                  (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Thai                                                3,308         787            1,565         447
 .Laotian                                               787         385              429         261
 .Vietnamese                                         16,813       2,214           10,415       1,615
 .Other Asian languages                              20,549       2,215            5,668       1,087
    ..Azerabaijani                                        68        111                46         74
    ..Turkish                                         3,321       1,049            1,174         464
    ..Mongolian                                           23         41               (B)          --
    ..Dravidian                                         115         156                74        120
    ..Telugu                                          5,006       1,192              763         356
    ..Kannada                                           844         315              155         126
    ..Malayalam                                       4,079       1,083            1,089         544
    ..Tamil                                           4,487         865              856         312
    ..Munda                                             266         294                30         49
    ..Tibetan                                           116         154                60         97
    ..Burmese                                         2,132         870            1,357         737
    ..Karen                                               64        107                64        107
    ..Kachin                                              28         47               (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                            24,686       2,222            7,250       1,092




                                              MD
                                     Page: 106 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .   Other Pacific Island languages                        4,344         901           2,144          688
      ..Indonesian                                         1,600         598              932         399
      ..Balinese                                              43          72               (B)          --
      ..Javanese                                              60          99                60         99
      ..Malagasy                                             147         173               (B)          --
      ..Malay                                                342         266              263         239
      ..Bisayan                                              487         242              194         148
      ..Sebuano                                              227         215              171         142
      ..Pangasinan                                            94          96                44         52
      ..Ilocano                                              559         564              353         524
      ..Pampangan                                             48          75               (B)          --
      ..Micronesian                                           19          33                19         33
      ..Chamorro                                             129         119               (B)          --
      ..Kusaiean                                              24          41               (B)          --
      ..Marshallese                                           94         150                77        123
      ..Palau                                                207         238               (B)          --
      ..Polynesian                                            13          21                13         21
      ..Samoan                                               152         199                18         29
      ..Tongan                                                52          62               (B)          --
      ..Maori                                                 19          32               (B)          --
      ..Hawaiian                                              28          33               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        86,459      4,901           19,499       1,968
 .Navajo                                                       62         53                10         18
 .Other Native North American languages                       854        352              122          77
   ..Yupik                                                    104        141               (B)          --
   ..Cree                                                      26         44               (B)          --
   ..Ojibwa                                                    19         31               (B)          --
   ..Ingalit                                                   89        145               (B)          --
   ..Kuchin                                                    17         28               (B)          --
   ..Apache                                                    21         37               (B)          --
   ..Karok                                                     49         80               (B)          --
   ..Yuma                                                      22         36               (B)          --
   ..Diegueno                                                  39         65                39         65
   ..Dakota                                                    86         64                50         49
   ..Choctaw                                                  112        151               (B)          --
   ..Muskogee                                                  43         50                16         26
   ..Mohawk                                                    24         38               (B)          --
   ..Cherokee                                                 162        192               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                           41         45                17         29
 .Hungarian                                                 2,144        612              645         261
 .Arabic                                                   13,292      2,004            3,294         882
 .Hebrew                                                    7,953      1,942              771         317
 .African languages                                        60,515      4,349           14,097       1,691
   ..Amharic                                               15,465      2,431            6,010       1,290
   ..Chadic                                                   305        195                65         62
   ..Cushite                                                1,356        692              755         509
   ..Nilotic                                                   61         58               (B)          --
   ..Nilo-hamitic                                              73        119               (B)          --
   ..Swahili                                                4,468      1,011              592         274
   ..Bantu                                                  2,996        951              515         339
   ..Mande                                                  2,579      1,021              529         297
   ..Fulani                                                 1,942        575              693         253
   ..Gur                                                      103        166               (B)          --
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                      29,528      3,063            4,296         855




                                                   MD
                                          Page: 107 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Efik                                                                        413                  314                  97                 121
     .. African                                                                   1,226                  758                545                  451
    .Other and unspecified languages                                              1,639                  469                560                  371
      ..Finnish                                                                     230                  136                  33                  39
      ..Estonian                                                                    417                  247                  51                  49
      ..Caucasian                                                                   128                  126                 (B)                   --
      ..Syriac                                                                      196                  156                  27                  43
      ..Aztecan                                                                      21                   37                 (B)                   --
      ..Mayan languages                                                             379                  356                379                  356
      ..Quechua                                                                      62                  102                  42                  70
      ..Aymara                                                                       20                   33                 (B)                   --
      ..Arawakian                                                                    81                   95                 (B)                   --
      ..Uncodable                                                                   105                   84                  28                  46

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                       MD
                                                              Page: 108 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 23. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Maine: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      1,244,327              396            23,075            1,818
Spoke only English at home                                         1,151,282            3,269                (X)              (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                           93,045            3,252            23,075            1,818


Spoke a language other than English at home                           93,045            3,252            23,075            1,818

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                            13,506            1,234             3,762              549
   ..Spanish                                                          13,506            1,234             3,762              549

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         66,055            2,667            13,033            1,132
 .French                                                              52,395            2,241            10,021              827
    ..French                                                          52,296            2,240            10,002              824
    ..Patois                                                              99               74                 19              34
 .French Creole                                                          130              116                 55              68
 .Italian                                                              1,020              246               269              130
 .Portuguese                                                             749              337               139               91
    ..Portuguese                                                         749              337               139               91
 .German                                                               4,223              633               572              169
    ..German                                                           4,223              633               572              169
 .Yiddish                                                                 15               25                (B)               --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                          263              107                 21              31
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                  22               26                  3               5
    ..Dutch                                                              231              106                 18              30
    ..Afrikaans                                                           10               18                (B)               --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 809              297               167              149
    ..Swedish                                                            567              252                 85             120
    ..Danish                                                              67               76                 26              42
    ..Norwegian                                                          170              120                 51              84
    ..Icelandic                                                            5                8                  5               8
 .Greek                                                                  771              287                 48              50
 .Russian                                                              1,783              749               570              300
 .Polish                                                                 646              239               181              110
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                               538              285               236              160
    ..Serbocroatian                                                      376              278               198              164
    ..Croatian                                                            74              118                 38              60
    ..Serbian                                                             88               91                (B)               --
 .Other Slavic languages                                                 991              333               301              227
    ..Ukrainian                                                          309              221                 97             152
    ..Czech                                                              168              122                 50              62
    ..Slovak                                                              70               58                (B)               --
    ..Bulgarian                                                          418              222               154              152
    ..Macedonian                                                          26               44                (B)               --
 .Armenian                                                               215              290                 16              28
 .Persian                                                                176              219               158              217
 .Hindi                                                                  363              172                 89              80
 .Gujarati                                                               239              189                 94             144
 .Urdu                                                                   135              145                (B)               --
 .Other Indic languages                                                  145              112                 25              43
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                        48               78                (B)               --
    ..Bengali                                                             17               29                (B)               --
    ..Panjabi                                                             39               67                 25              43




                                                              ME
                                                     Page: 109 of Pages: 220
                                                                                 Spoke English
                                                       Number of     Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                             1                            1
                                                        speakers        Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Marathi                                                 24            27               (B)          --
   ..Assamese                                                17            34               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                             449           228                71         62
   ..Romanian                                                75            66                15         25
   ..Irish Gaelic                                           177           174               (B)          --
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                            6           10               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                                74            78                33         48
   ..Lithuanian                                              69            88                 5           8
   ..Pashto                                                  48            61                18         34

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                          7,158         696            3,215         536
 .Chinese                                                   2,001         507            1,002         360
    ..Chinese                                               1,543         449              859         343
    ..Cantonese                                               229         192              112         103
    ..Mandarin                                                126          96                31         45
    ..Formosan                                                103         133               (B)          --
 .Japanese                                                    537         240              184         113
 .Korean                                                      870         322              366         164
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                      1,143         456              536         368
 .Hmong                                                        (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Thai                                                        175         141                91        104
 .Laotian                                                     108         118                68        102
 .Vietnamese                                                1,274         417              784         307
 .Other Asian languages                                       212         106                29         37
    ..Turkish                                                   72         65                17         29
    ..Telugu                                                    29         30               (B)          --
    ..Kannada                                                   34         58               (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                                 18         30               (B)          --
    ..Tamil                                                     59         68                12         24
 .Tagalog                                                     619         263              133          76
 .Other Pacific Island languages                              219         153                22         31
    ..Bisayan                                                   24         34                 6         12
    ..Sebuano                                                   20         32                16         29
    ..Ilocano                                                   58         92               (B)          --
    ..Melanesian                                                27         37               (B)          --
    ..Samoan                                                    75        112               (B)          --
    ..Tokelauan                                                 15         27               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                         6,326       1,256            3,065         860
 .Navajo                                                       43          68               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                     1,215         273                66         49
   ..Micmac                                                    88          88                13         19
   ..Passamaquoddy                                            919         230                42         37
   ..Penobscot                                                144          98                 8         13
   ..Dakota                                                    18          21               (B)          --
   ..Muskogee                                                  15          25               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                           31          39                 3          6
 .Hungarian                                                    52          57                26         44
 .Arabic                                                    1,123         455              500         222
 .Hebrew                                                      236         256               (B)          --
 .African languages                                         3,291         975            2,406         835
   ..Amharic                                                  188         129                99         86
   ..Cushite                                                2,243       1,060            1,767         840
   ..Sudanic                                                  183         275              183         275
   ..Nilotic                                                  198         180              151         135




                                                   ME
                                          Page: 110 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Swahili                                                                     57                    50                  26                  45
     .. Bantu                                                                       75                    63                  17                  33
      ..Fulani                                                                      57                    88                  57                  88
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                            19                    34                 (B)                   --
      ..Mbum                                                                       271                   331                106                  130
    .Other and unspecified languages                                               366                   150                  67                  53
      ..Finnish                                                                    328                   148                  62                  56
      ..Estonian                                                                    18                    23                   5                    9
      ..Uncodable                                                                   20                    27                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                       ME
                                                              Page: 111 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 24. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Michigan: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                       9,414,626              601          317,216             6,459
Spoke only English at home                                          8,576,680            8,501               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                           837,946            8,576          317,216             6,459


Spoke a language other than English at home                          837,946             8,576          317,216             6,459

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           282,932             4,511          116,679             3,781
   ..Spanish                                                         282,932             4,511          116,679             3,781

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        283,038             6,181           87,913             3,330
 .French                                                              29,029             1,630            7,144               878
    ..French                                                          28,529             1,612            7,083               880
    ..Patois                                                             325               174                35               55
    ..Cajun                                                              175               103                26               30
 .French Creole                                                        1,070               535              358               331
 .Italian                                                             21,861             1,507            6,657               664
 .Portuguese                                                           3,448               565              827               275
    ..Portuguese                                                       3,448               565              827               275
 .German                                                              42,700             1,875            8,535               687
    ..German                                                          42,700             1,875            8,535               687
 .Yiddish                                                              1,336               315                98               69
 .Other West Germanic languages                                       11,015             1,392            2,336               463
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                               3,817             1,124            1,009               305
    ..Dutch                                                            6,606               916            1,233               336
    ..Afrikaans                                                          535               265                94              120
    ..Frisian                                                             57                49               (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                               2,467               477              322               128
    ..Swedish                                                          1,253               359              204               107
    ..Danish                                                             505               196                80               71
    ..Norwegian                                                          622               258                38               44
    ..Icelandic                                                           87                63               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                8,616             1,113            2,375               458
 .Russian                                                             12,142             1,270            5,997               825
 .Polish                                                              28,424             1,989            9,068               988
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                            13,642             1,836            6,298             1,146
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    9,435             1,746            4,674               993
    ..Croatian                                                         1,428               452              490               248
    ..Serbian                                                          2,779               717            1,134               479
 .Other Slavic languages                                              13,814             1,650            4,967               848
    ..Bielorussian                                                         5                 8                 5                8
    ..Ukrainian                                                        4,523               884            1,864               593
    ..Czech                                                            1,326               327              272               134
    ..Slovak                                                             866               294              216               104
    ..Bulgarian                                                        1,259               484              501               283
    ..Macedonian                                                       5,717             1,198            2,080               552
    ..Slovene                                                            118               144                29               47
 .Armenian                                                             3,647               870            1,035               338
 .Persian                                                              3,372             1,141            1,348               582
 .Hindi                                                               11,506             1,228            2,018               418
 .Gujarati                                                             7,899             1,142            2,530               622
 .Urdu                                                                 9,232             1,443            2,355               550




                                                                MI
                                                      Page: 112 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .Other Indic languages                              22,971       2,165           9,572        1,277
                  2
   ..India n.e.c.                                     2,093         821              955         439
   ..Bengali                                          9,302       1,423           4,699          900
   ..Panjabi                                          6,085       1,404           2,479          896
   ..Marathi                                          2,302         498              292         131
   ..Bihari                                              32          54                32         54
   ..Rajasthani                                          17          27               (B)          --
   ..Oriya                                              272         215                61         66
   ..Assamese                                           193         305               (B)          --
   ..Kashmiri                                            11          17               (B)          --
   ..Nepali                                             906         375              402         229
   ..Sindhi                                             454         273                67         69
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                    525         472              192         251
   ..Sinhalese                                          707         406              393         290
   ..Romany                                              72          71               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                      34,847       2,925          14,073        1,572
   ..Jamaican Creole                                    128         120                30         52
   ..Krio                                                19          32               (B)          --
   ..Pidgin                                              35          44               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                        11,002       1,973           4,540          886
   ..Welsh                                               39          46               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       516         199              118          77
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      13          15                 7         13
   ..Albanian                                        19,134       2,363           8,535        1,339
   ..Lithuanian                                       1,962         527              418         158
   ..Lettish                                          1,546         413              193          84
   ..Pashto                                             314         349              103         166
   ..Kurdish                                            139         152              129         146

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  129,918       3,511           58,852       2,851
 .Chinese                                            36,214       2,477           18,068       1,812
    ..Chinese                                        28,241       2,226           14,050       1,544
    ..Hakka                                              14          25               (B)          --
    ..Cantonese                                       2,773         687            1,511         509
    ..Mandarin                                        3,927         883            1,817         529
    ..Formosan                                        1,259         527              690         295
 .Japanese                                           15,303       1,489            8,577       1,035
 .Korean                                             15,564       1,415            8,326         967
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                1,370         508              871         413
 .Hmong                                               5,348       1,444            2,835         975
 .Thai                                                1,474         362              664         254
 .Laotian                                             2,928         729            1,465         519
 .Vietnamese                                         14,551       1,537            9,639       1,264
 .Other Asian languages                              20,554       1,797            4,307         692
    ..Kazakh                                             26          43                26         43
    ..Uighur                                            192         277              167         276
    ..Azerabaijani                                       42          49               (B)          --
    ..Turkish                                         1,245         366              418         222
    ..Dravidian                                         128         199               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                          9,521       1,319            1,571         401
    ..Kannada                                         1,563         592              285         219
    ..Malayalam                                       2,971         653              605         262
    ..Tamil                                           4,474         756              882         408
    ..Tibetan                                            19          32                19         32
    ..Burmese                                           373         197              334         180




                                               MI
                                     Page: 113 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .   Tagalog                                              13,951       1,525           3,229          594
 .   Other Pacific Island languages                        2,661         606              871         277
      ..Indonesian                                           774         288              358         168
      ..Malay                                                429         299                75         83
      ..Bisayan                                              452         219              158         122
      ..Sebuano                                               98          80                36         57
      ..Ilocano                                               96          63                48         47
      ..Pampangan                                             36          63               (B)          --
      ..Micronesian                                           57          69                39         47
      ..Chamorro                                              50          37                 9         10
      ..Trukese                                               92         110                20         50
      ..Yapese                                                20          33               (B)          --
      ..Samoan                                               416         242                66         76
      ..Tongan                                                46          54                46         54
      ..Fijian                                                 7          15               (B)          --
      ..Maori                                                 16          26                16         26
      ..Hawaiian                                              72          59               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                      142,058       5,350           53,772       2,865
 .Navajo                                                      90          76                26         45
 .Other Native North American languages                    2,494         511              288         115
   ..Aleut                                                     3           6               (B)          --
   ..Eskimo                                                    7          11               (B)          --
   ..Yupik                                                    11          19               (B)          --
   ..Algonquian                                               55          55                20         33
   ..Cree                                                     31          39               (B)          --
   ..Ojibwa                                                  959         255                89         65
   ..Ottawa                                                  285         164                34         43
   ..Potawatomi                                               98         112                12         22
   ..Nootka                                                   10          18               (B)          --
   ..Siuslaw                                                   6           9               (B)          --
   ..Sahaptian                                                55          91               (B)          --
   ..Karok                                                    25          40                25         40
   ..Yavapai                                                  44          69               (B)          --
   ..Dakota                                                   49          50               (B)          --
   ..Choctaw                                                 299         307                17         28
   ..Cherokee                                                144         100               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                         413         149                91         67
 .Hungarian                                                3,536         425              764         232
 .Arabic                                                  96,346       4,925           39,882       2,741
 .Hebrew                                                   2,355         550              196         118
 .African languages                                       12,124       1,680            3,035         764
   ..Amharic                                               1,865         687              508         253
   ..Berber                                                   12          20                12         20
   ..Chadic                                                   69         114                52         85
   ..Cushite                                               1,864       1,026              566         495
   ..Sudanic                                                 380         360              261         327
   ..Nilotic                                                 116         115                46         75
   ..Swahili                                                 933         327              257         192
   ..Bantu                                                 1,678         559              310         188
   ..Mande                                                   715         376              200         156
   ..Fulani                                                  258         197                74         96
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                      4,176         949              740         289
   ..Efik                                                      8          16               (B)          --
   ..African                                                  50          54                 9         16




                                                    MI
                                          Page: 114 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    .   Other and unspecified languages                                          25,113                2,756             9,581                 1,389
         ..Finnish                                                                3,242                  470                551                  154
         ..Estonian                                                                  24                   39                 (B)                   --
         ..Caucasian                                                                127                   95                 (B)                   --
         ..Syriac                                                                21,214                2,637             8,640                 1,359
         ..Aztecan                                                                   24                   40                  24                  40
         ..Mayan languages                                                           43                   69                  43                  69
         ..Oto - Manguen                                                            295                  394                295                  394
         ..Uncodable                                                                144                   97                  28                  45

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        MI
                                                              Page: 115 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 25. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Minnesota: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      4,830,132               803          194,484             4,984
Spoke only English at home                                         4,366,556             6,524               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          463,576             6,385          194,484             4,984


Spoke a language other than English at home                          463,576             6,385          194,484             4,984

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           170,238             3,710           79,302             3,362
   ..Spanish                                                         170,238             3,710           79,302             3,362

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        102,417             3,033           27,885             1,872
 .French                                                              14,350             1,256            3,350               526
    ..French                                                          14,297             1,256            3,350               526
    ..Patois                                                              53                40               (B)                --
 .French Creole                                                          485               308              159               147
 .Italian                                                              2,346               441              746               275
 .Portuguese                                                           2,040               614              539               439
    ..Portuguese                                                       2,040               614              539               439
 .German                                                              25,990             1,319            5,062               572
    ..German                                                          25,974             1,319            5,062               572
    ..Luxembourgian                                                       16                22               (B)                --
 .Yiddish                                                                453               457                18               30
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        2,337               455              493               220
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                 733               330              315               209
    ..Dutch                                                            1,296               376              160                83
    ..Afrikaans                                                          305               170                18               18
    ..Frisian                                                              3                 5               (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                               8,285               663            1,179               188
    ..Swedish                                                          2,115               329              274               116
    ..Danish                                                             864               336              138                96
    ..Norwegian                                                        5,253               487              767               152
    ..Icelandic                                                           53                89               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                1,063               389              180               119
 .Russian                                                             13,452             1,504            6,961               973
 .Polish                                                               3,213               544              805               238
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             4,169               867            1,916               514
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    3,493               852            1,658               499
    ..Croatian                                                           315               156              127                79
    ..Serbian                                                            361               182              131               123
 .Other Slavic languages                                               4,902               735            1,502               365
    ..Bielorussian                                                        47                46                31               41
    ..Ukrainian                                                        1,674               453              773               274
    ..Czech                                                            2,084               471              396               180
    ..Slovak                                                             274               133                71               66
    ..Bulgarian                                                          478               277              145               105
    ..Macedonian                                                          86                95                35               41
    ..Slovene                                                            259               119                51               46
 .Armenian                                                               225               195                81              109
 .Persian                                                              1,484               497              704               335
 .Hindi                                                                5,919             1,013            1,072               440
 .Gujarati                                                             1,089               414              131               100
 .Urdu                                                                 2,226               740              250               117




                                                              MN
                                                     Page: 116 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .Other Indic languages                               4,901         923           1,378          442
                  2
   ..India n.e.c.                                       796         468              126         133
   ..Bengali                                          1,160         365              309         187
   ..Panjabi                                            113         106                50         70
   ..Marathi                                            563         236              137         103
   ..Oriya                                              197         194               (B)          --
   ..Assamese                                            23          38               (B)          --
   ..Nepali                                           1,479         539              588         334
   ..Sindhi                                             143         164                20         33
   ..Sinhalese                                          427         266              148         123
 .Other Indo-European languages                       3,488         899           1,359          546
   ..Jamaican Creole                                     30          43               (B)          --
   ..Krio                                               246         345              159         236
   ..Pidgin                                              37          62               (B)          --
   ..Catalonian                                         101         121                 1           3
   ..Romanian                                         1,323         620              568         314
   ..Welsh                                               51          41                14         24
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       121          72                18         24
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                       5            9              (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                           104         103                20         34
   ..Lithuanian                                         290         268              245         256
   ..Lettish                                            659         237                92         85
   ..Pashto                                             255         402              113         177
   ..Kurdish                                            266         250              129         170

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  120,726       2,446           59,180       2,412
 .Chinese                                            14,651       1,476            6,609         934
    ..Chinese                                        11,234       1,358            5,227         834
    ..Cantonese                                       1,320         417              734         300
    ..Mandarin                                        1,959         474              573         241
    ..Fuchow                                             20         102                20        102
    ..Formosan                                          118          97                55         61
 .Japanese                                            3,265         628            1,340         395
 .Korean                                              5,118       1,000            2,594         535
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                7,053       1,408            4,371       1,149
 .Hmong                                              46,623       2,952           23,406       1,913
 .Thai                                                1,295         466              811         388
 .Laotian                                             9,687       1,709            4,464         954
 .Vietnamese                                         17,328       1,925           10,358       1,263
 .Other Asian languages                               9,771       1,325            3,221         750
    ..Turkish                                           397         221              133         121
    ..Turkmen                                            41          56               (B)          --
    ..Mongolian                                          83         100                31         52
    ..Telugu                                          2,951         734              482         183
    ..Kannada                                           563         319                99         68
    ..Malayalam                                       1,285         397              342         160
    ..Tamil                                           2,332         638              625         311
    ..Tibetan                                         1,274         565              810         370
    ..Burmese                                           278         164              144         123
    ..Karen                                             567         427              555         427
 .Tagalog                                             4,764         694            1,543         318
 .Other Pacific Island languages                      1,171         418              463         254
    ..Indonesian                                        303         259              173         159
    ..Malagasy                                           95         105                63         91
    ..Malay                                             113          90               (B)          --




                                              MN
                                     Page: 117 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..Bisayan                                                                      252                   200                   4                    7
    ..Sebuano                                                                      202                   198                136                  174
    ..Pampangan                                                                     22                    35                 (B)                   --
    ..Chamorro                                                                      22                    23                   5                    9
    ..Gilbertese                                                                    19                    30                 (B)                   --
    ..Kusaiean                                                                      26                    36                  16                  20
    ..Samoan                                                                        57                    37                  30                  36
    ..Hawaiian                                                                      60                    99                  36                  59

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                                               70,195                3,825              28,117               2,571
 .Navajo                                                                              30                   35                   18                 28
 .Other Native North American languages                                            5,090                  623                 601                 259
   ..Inupik                                                                          214                  183                   55                 92
   ..Cheyenne                                                                         40                   48                   16                 28
   ..Menomini                                                                         17                   21                  (B)                  --
   ..Ojibwa                                                                        3,831                  587                 487                 237
   ..Abnaki                                                                            9                   15                  (B)                  --
   ..Kuchin                                                                           18                   30                  (B)                  --
   ..Dakota                                                                          676                  310                    9                 12
   ..Choctaw                                                                           7                   14                  (B)                  --
   ..Cherokee                                                                          8                   16                  (B)                  --
   ..American Indian                                                                 270                  131                   34                 39
 .Hungarian                                                                          744                  325                   93                 84
 .Arabic                                                                           8,396                1,926               2,239                 563
 .Hebrew                                                                           1,970                  857                 258                 166
 .African languages                                                               49,864                3,259              23,887               2,508
   ..Amharic                                                                       8,272                1,445               3,549                 800
   ..Berber                                                                           23                   39                  (B)                  --
   ..Cushite                                                                      27,156                2,572              16,380               2,111
   ..Sudanic                                                                         426                  365                 316                 283
   ..Nilotic                                                                          95                   76                   34                 28
   ..Nilo-hamitic                                                                     52                   88                   52                 88
   ..Swahili                                                                       4,561                1,040               1,182                 475
   ..Bantu                                                                           708                  313                   42                 53
   ..Mande                                                                         1,420                  485                 661                 334
   ..Fulani                                                                          283                  190                 197                 137
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                              6,395                1,314               1,363                 588
   ..Efik                                                                            362                  402                  (B)                  --
   ..African                                                                         111                  118                 111                 118
 .Other and unspecified languages                                                  4,101                  516               1,021                 270
   ..Finnish                                                                       3,322                  459                 567                 133
   ..Estonian                                                                        164                   93                   65                 77
   ..Lapp                                                                              5                    8                    5                  8
   ..Syriac                                                                          106                  124                   55                 69
   ..Mayan languages                                                                 337                  228                 329                 228
   ..Uncodable                                                                       167                  106                  (B)                  --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.




                                                                       MN
                                                              Page: 118 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                       MN
                                                              Page: 119 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 26. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Missouri: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than         Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                       5,480,859            1,055          121,149             4,271
Spoke only English at home                                          5,169,463            6,619               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                           311,396            6,548          121,149             4,271


Spoke a language other than English at home                          311,396             6,548          121,149             4,271

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           141,220             3,579           58,115             2,544
   ..Spanish                                                         141,220             3,579           58,115             2,544

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                          98,384            4,586           30,380             2,136
 .French                                                               14,799            1,407            3,191               637
    ..French                                                           14,567            1,358            3,060               611
    ..Patois                                                              220              200              131               178
    ..Cajun                                                                12               20               (B)                --
 .French Creole                                                           476              272              197               181
 .Italian                                                               5,544            1,056            1,219               369
 .Portuguese                                                            2,130              572              515               315
    ..Portuguese                                                        2,130              572              515               315
 .German                                                               24,288            1,806            5,889               868
    ..German                                                           24,288            1,806            5,889               868
 .Yiddish                                                                 312              157                21               36
 .Other West Germanic languages                                         5,518            1,084            1,282               351
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                3,819              972              852               265
    ..Dutch                                                             1,465              512              413               213
    ..Afrikaans                                                           234              138                17               28
 .Scandinavian languages                                                1,030              299              164                85
    ..Swedish                                                             364              179                54               58
    ..Danish                                                              451              235                41               50
    ..Norwegian                                                           193               92                69               59
    ..Icelandic                                                            22               36               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                 1,831              516              271               171
 .Russian                                                               7,051            1,104            3,195               655
 .Polish                                                                2,416              927              895               422
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             12,824            2,207            7,337             1,473
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    11,354            2,069            6,453             1,390
    ..Croatian                                                            904              388              504               252
    ..Serbian                                                             566              565              380               406
 .Other Slavic languages                                                2,531              734              896               359
    ..Ukrainian                                                           670              309              443               254
    ..Czech                                                               398              203                76               57
    ..Slovak                                                              265              137                50               80
    ..Bulgarian                                                           883              464              265               197
    ..Macedonian                                                          289              428                62              102
    ..Slovene                                                              26               44               (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                                119               88                49               57
 .Persian                                                               2,575            1,082            1,179               593
 .Hindi                                                                 3,869              739              597               309
 .Gujarati                                                              1,424              545              421               285
 .Urdu                                                                  2,514              803              520               333
 .Other Indic languages                                                 3,658              800            1,133               386
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                      1,017              674              363               319




                                                               MO
                                                      Page: 120 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Bengali                                            804         393              295         235
   ..Panjabi                                            738         389              186         157
   ..Marathi                                            528         299                73         91
   ..Nepali                                             324         185              113          99
   ..Sindhi                                              31          53                31         53
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                     66          84               (B)          --
   ..Sinhalese                                          150         103                72         71
 .Other Indo-European languages                       3,475         847           1,409          503
   ..Jamaican Creole                                     21          30               (B)          --
   ..Krio                                                15          25                15         25
   ..Pidgin                                              95         154               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                         1,375         497              410         208
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       156          83                38         44
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      60          57               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                         1,025         547              636         411
   ..Lithuanian                                         201         126                51         50
   ..Lettish                                             77          63                 6           9
   ..Pashto                                             136         145                46         56
   ..Kurdish                                            314         235              207         171

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                    54,285      1,811           26,578       1,669
 .Chinese                                             14,014      1,358            7,780         946
    ..Chinese                                         10,583        990            5,839         678
    ..Kan, Hsiang                                        207        314               (B)          --
    ..Cantonese                                          795        378              508         301
    ..Mandarin                                         1,458        509              767         351
    ..Fuchow                                              79        111                79        111
    ..Formosan                                           816        332              511         275
    ..Wu                                                  76         95                76         95
 .Japanese                                             2,912        610            1,257         468
 .Korean                                               7,321      1,117            4,248         813
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                   692        393              207         147
 .Hmong                                                  859        288              404         163
 .Thai                                                 1,384        347              710         200
 .Laotian                                                279        218              177         145
 .Vietnamese                                          10,976      1,218            7,307         978
 .Other Asian languages                                7,616      1,137            2,298         675
    ..Uighur                                             137        225              137         225
    ..Turkish                                            846        430              441         368
    ..Mongolian                                          552        385              293         220
    ..Dravidian                                           39         65               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                           2,365        623              587         345
    ..Kannada                                            592        343               (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                        1,031        476              284         236
    ..Tamil                                            1,900        568              432         265
    ..Munda                                               16         27               (B)          --
    ..Tibetan                                             13         21                13         21
    ..Burmese                                            111        176              111         176
    ..Miao-yao, Mien                                      14         26               (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                              5,680        877            1,488         429
 .Other Pacific Island languages                       2,552        519              702         218
    ..Indonesian                                         328        157              140          99
    ..Malagasy                                           100        166               (B)          --
    ..Malay                                               96         90                 3          6
    ..Bisayan                                            197        146                 7         13




                                              MO
                                     Page: 121 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Sebuano                                                128          114                59         70
   ..Ilocano                                                 69           80                20         29
   ..Bikol                                                   22           37               (B)          --
   ..Pampangan                                               18           30               (B)          --
   ..Micronesian                                            230          197                62         64
   ..Chamorro                                                59           47                17         27
   ..Mokilese                                               109           95                14         16
   ..Palau                                                   52           66                39         63
   ..Ponapean                                               205          167                71         72
   ..Trukese                                                 68           50                27         23
   ..Samoan                                                 781          406              243         174
   ..Tongan                                                  24           40               (B)          --
   ..Maori                                                   30           49               (B)          --
   ..Hawaiian                                                36           43               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        17,507      1,912            6,076       1,134
 .Navajo                                                      104         79               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                     1,118        269              197         110
   ..Inupik                                                     7         13               (B)          --
   ..Ojibwa                                                    82         71                25         52
   ..Potawatomi                                                70         85               (B)          --
   ..Apache                                                    45         54                17         29
   ..Kiowa                                                     14         23               (B)          --
   ..Tlingit                                                   20         32               (B)          --
   ..Diegueno                                                  51         42                14         20
   ..Dakota                                                   115         79                42         51
   ..Chiwere                                                   19         32               (B)          --
   ..Winnebago                                                 24         41               (B)          --
   ..Osage                                                      4          9               (B)          --
   ..Choctaw                                                   38         35               (B)          --
   ..Muskogee                                                  12         18               (B)          --
   ..Cherokee                                                 415        187                94         78
   ..Comanche                                                  46         51                 5          9
   ..Zuni                                                      15         24               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                          141        101               (B)          --
 .Hungarian                                                   976        564              316         268
 .Arabic                                                    6,390      1,523            2,274         821
 .Hebrew                                                      663        226              175         112
 .African languages                                         7,879      1,343            2,986         717
   ..Amharic                                                1,624        600              895         381
   ..Chadic                                                    22         36               (B)          --
   ..Cushite                                                1,821        828              847         442
   ..Sudanic                                                   70         87                49         57
   ..Nilo-hamitic                                              59        103               (B)          --
   ..Swahili                                                1,395        541              576         424
   ..Bantu                                                    326        196                51         62
   ..Mande                                                     91         72                68         59
   ..Fulani                                                    40         57                40         57
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                       2,146        769              387         278
   ..Efik                                                      43         53                11         18
   ..African                                                  242        246                62         96
 .Other and unspecified languages                             377        195              128         134
   ..Finnish                                                   20         37               (B)          --
   ..Syriac                                                    44         53                44         53
   ..Mayan languages                                           68        116                68        116




                                                   MO
                                          Page: 122 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..   Uncodable                                                                 245                   148                 16                   29

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                       MO
                                                              Page: 123 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 27. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Mississippi:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than         Margin of
                                                                                              1                                    1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"              Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                        2,705,306             1,123           38,780             2,343
Spoke only English at home                                           2,610,696             2,851               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                             94,610             2,713           38,780             2,343


Spoke a language other than English at home                             94,610             2,713           38,780             2,343

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                              53,183             2,065           25,520             1,847
   ..Spanish                                                            53,166             2,064           25,520             1,847
   ..Ladino                                                                 17                31               (B)                --

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                           17,263             1,542            3,859               741
 .French                                                                 5,515               778              987               255
    ..French                                                             4,939               698              903               253
    ..Patois                                                                 38               46                15               27
    ..Cajun                                                                538               376                69               72
 .French Creole                                                            210               156                30               36
 .Italian                                                                1,072               374              243               128
 .Portuguese                                                               276               224                38               44
    ..Portuguese                                                           276               224                38               44
 .German                                                                 3,705               688              472               201
    ..German                                                             3,705               688              472               201
 .Yiddish                                                                   (B)                --              (B)                --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                            483               286              175               174
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                   119               161              119               161
    ..Dutch                                                                260               193                35               48
    ..Afrikaans                                                            104               127                21               34
 .Scandinavian languages                                                     16               26               (B)                --
    ..Swedish                                                                16               26               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                    341               377                48               58
 .Russian                                                                  679               490              298               356
 .Polish                                                                   248               116                63               54
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                                 127                85                20               32
    ..Serbocroatian                                                          55               47               (B)                --
    ..Croatian                                                               44               52                20               32
    ..Serbian                                                                28               46               (B)                --
 .Other Slavic languages                                                   289               254              122               120
    ..Ukrainian                                                              30               41                 4                6
    ..Slovak                                                                 25               41                25               41
    ..Bulgarian                                                            154               211                93              115
    ..Macedonian                                                             80              133               (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                                  (B)                --              (B)                --
 .Persian                                                                  318               226              288               216
 .Hindi                                                                  1,495               465              345               363
 .Gujarati                                                                 975               529              351               253
 .Urdu                                                                     543               296                26               52
 .Other Indic languages                                                    839               440              281               196
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                         125               130                62               77
    ..Bengali                                                                14               24               (B)                --
    ..Panjabi                                                              490               387              123               138
    ..Marathi                                                                36               60               (B)                --
    ..Oriya                                                                  25               44               (B)                --




                                                               MS
                                                      Page: 124 of Pages: 220
                                                                                 Spoke English
                                                       Number of     Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                             1                            1
                                                        speakers        Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Sinhalese                                              117           142                96        121
   ..Romany                                                  32            51               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                             132           133                72        109
   ..Jamaican Creole                                         67           109                67        109
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                            5           12                 5         12
   ..Lithuanian                                              46            70               (B)          --
   ..Lettish                                                 14            23               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                         14,667       1,262            6,648         944
 .Chinese                                                   3,682         798            1,910         585
    ..Chinese                                               2,362         752            1,398         582
    ..Cantonese                                               288         145              210         108
    ..Mandarin                                                440         224              144         108
    ..Formosan                                                592         435              158         148
 .Japanese                                                  1,003         362              324         200
 .Korean                                                    1,211         419              652         296
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                        131         132                77        114
 .Hmong                                                        (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Thai                                                        140         104                51         69
 .Laotian                                                     132         119                42         54
 .Vietnamese                                                4,377         830            2,467         720
 .Other Asian languages                                       929         588              172         138
    ..Turkish                                                 124         161                51         85
    ..Telugu                                                  318         363                66         92
    ..Kannada                                                   27         44               (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                               170         130                41         48
    ..Tamil                                                   290         330                14         25
 .Tagalog                                                   2,625         629              803         365
 .Other Pacific Island languages                              437         307              150         132
    ..Indonesian                                                14         22                14         22
    ..Malay                                                     15         29               (B)          --
    ..Bisayan                                                   65         89                65         89
    ..Ilocano                                                    3          5               (B)          --
    ..Micronesian                                               75         99                15         23
    ..Chamorro                                                  62         68                20         41
    ..Samoan                                                    36         60                36         60
    ..Hawaiian                                                167         255               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                         9,497       1,345            2,753         718
 .Navajo                                                       (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                     5,132         909            1,863         578
   ..Ingalit                                                    38         67               (B)          --
   ..Apache                                                      9         16               (B)          --
   ..Kiowa                                                      18         31               (B)          --
   ..Dakota                                                      2          4               (B)          --
   ..Choctaw                                                4,917         889            1,827         575
   ..Muskogee                                                   18         38               (B)          --
   ..Cherokee                                                   32         45               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                            98         89                36         42
 .Hungarian                                                   114          72                20         33
 .Arabic                                                    2,660         898              731         423
 .Hebrew                                                        44         36               (B)          --
 .African languages                                         1,350         463              104          94
   ..Sudanic                                                  128         150                21         35
   ..Swahili                                                    89         70                38         63




                                                   MS
                                          Page: 125 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Bantu                                                                       82                   133                 (B)                   --
     .. Mande                                                                       21                    38                  21                  38
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                           988                   422                  24                  41
      ..Efik                                                                        20                    31                 (B)                   --
      ..African                                                                     22                    37                 (B)                   --
    .Other and unspecified languages                                               197                   162                  35                  40
      ..Mayan languages                                                             14                    23                  14                  23
      ..Uncodable                                                                  183                   161                  21                  33

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                       MS
                                                              Page: 126 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 28. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Montana: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                        896,668              629             8,608              904
Spoke only English at home                                           854,966            2,257                (X)              (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                           41,702            2,139             8,608              904


Spoke a language other than English at home                           41,702            2,139             8,608              904

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                            13,088              955             3,238              558
   ..Spanish                                                          13,088              955             3,238              558

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         15,090            1,320             2,657              527
 .French                                                               2,119              449               396              170
    ..French                                                           2,119              449               396              170
 .French Creole                                                           (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Italian                                                                557              199                 58              47
 .Portuguese                                                             336              176                (B)               --
    ..Portuguese                                                         336              176                (B)               --
 .German                                                               8,786              985             1,583              432
    ..German                                                           8,786              985             1,583              432
 .Yiddish                                                                 (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                          484              282                 92              73
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                 220              253                 37              49
    ..Dutch                                                              200              106                 33              32
    ..Afrikaans                                                            64              60                 22              36
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 608              213                 37              28
    ..Swedish                                                              39              49                (B)               --
    ..Danish                                                               57              41                (B)               --
    ..Norwegian                                                          486              201                 37              28
    ..Icelandic                                                            26              43                (B)               --
 .Greek                                                                  181              111                 18              30
 .Russian                                                                655              333               275              193
 .Polish                                                                 247              159                  9               8
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                                 78              73                  6               9
    ..Serbocroatian                                                        50              63                  6               9
    ..Croatian                                                             28              40                (B)               --
 .Other Slavic languages                                                 616              343               110               91
    ..Ukrainian                                                          345              350                 69              81
    ..Czech                                                              199              124                 41              45
    ..Slovak                                                               16              26                (B)               --
    ..Slovene                                                              56              63                (B)               --
 .Armenian                                                                 22              35                (B)               --
 .Persian                                                                 (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Hindi                                                                    36              38                 16              25
 .Gujarati                                                                 25              41                (B)               --
 .Urdu                                                                     21              27                (B)               --
 .Other Indic languages                                                  137              118                 40              47
    ..Bengali                                                              28              47                 28              47
    ..Nepali                                                             109              114                 12              19
 .Other Indo-European languages                                          182              123                 17              28
    ..Jamaican Creole                                                      49              69                (B)               --
    ..Romanian                                                             23              30                (B)               --
    ..Irish Gaelic                                                         52              63                (B)               --




                                                              MT
                                                     Page: 127 of Pages: 220
                                                                                 Spoke English
                                                       Number of     Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                             1                            1
                                                        speakers        Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                            9           16               (B)          --
   ..Lettish                                                 15            24               (B)          --
   ..Kurdish                                                 34            56                17         28

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                          3,761         521            1,939         361
 .Chinese                                                     919         324              512         208
    ..Chinese                                                 787         313              467         198
    ..Cantonese                                                 38         47                 9         16
    ..Mandarin                                                  82         83                36         60
    ..Formosan                                                  12         22               (B)          --
 .Japanese                                                    705         285              338         199
 .Korean                                                      331         141              152          84
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                         (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Hmong                                                       133         230                46        109
 .Thai                                                        144         138                96        125
 .Laotian                                                      (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Vietnamese                                                  518         344              454         334
 .Other Asian languages                                       227         143                66         63
    ..Kazakh                                                    54         63                27         46
    ..Turkish                                                   67         58                 4          6
    ..Kannada                                                   11         21               (B)          --
    ..Tibetan                                                   85        113                25         34
    ..Burmese                                                   10         18                10         18
 .Tagalog                                                     639         206              250         147
 .Other Pacific Island languages                              145          84                25         27
    ..Indonesian                                                46         59                13         23
    ..Bisayan                                                   34         47                 2          5
    ..Sebuano                                                   24         39               (B)          --
    ..Chamorro                                                  31         38                 7         12
    ..Melanesian                                                 3          5                 3          5
    ..Samoan                                                     7         14               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                         9,763         946              774         337
 .Navajo                                                      160         101                39         41
 .Other Native North American languages                     8,405         894              482         238
   ..Arapaho                                                   54          57               (B)          --
   ..Atsina                                                    45          35               (B)          --
   ..Blackfoot                                              1,257         441              139         149
   ..Cheyenne                                               1,174         299                34         43
   ..Cree                                                     268         123                36         52
   ..Menomini                                                  10          18               (B)          --
   ..Ojibwa                                                   310         190                10         15
   ..Kutenai                                                  145         104                65         70
   ..Salish                                                   626         256                32         48
   ..Apache                                                     6          10               (B)          --
   ..Crow                                                   3,568         544              129         110
   ..Dakota                                                   627         184                18         25
   ..American Indian                                          315         160                19         32
 .Hungarian                                                   100          77               (B)          --
 .Arabic                                                      494         391                53         64
 .Hebrew                                                      155         209               (B)          --
 .African languages                                            86         113                75        114
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                          86         113                75        114
 .Other and unspecified languages                             363         181              125         158
   ..Finnish                                                  266         167              103         154




                                                   MT
                                          Page: 128 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..Estonian                                                                      22                    36                  22                  36
    ..Syriac                                                                          1                     6                (B)                   --
    ..Uncodable                                                                     74                    84                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                       MT
                                                              Page: 129 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 29. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for North Carolina:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                   1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"             Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                       8,405,944             1,365          392,799             7,468
Spoke only English at home                                          7,596,869             9,183               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                           809,075             9,324          392,799             7,468


Spoke a language other than English at home                           809,075             9,324          392,799             7,468

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                            542,705             5,396          308,035             5,918
   ..Spanish                                                          542,705             5,396          308,035             5,918

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         132,653             4,989           32,383             2,053
 .French                                                               27,357             2,222            6,169               815
    ..French                                                           26,599             2,240            6,169               815
    ..Patois                                                              596               327               (B)                --
    ..Cajun                                                               162               160               (B)                --
 .French Creole                                                         2,018               625              634               297
 .Italian                                                               7,206             1,090            1,215               326
 .Portuguese                                                            5,257               898            1,282               438
    ..Portuguese                                                        5,257               898            1,282               438
 .German                                                               21,648             1,629            2,690               441
    ..German                                                           21,648             1,629            2,690               441
 .Yiddish                                                                 339               255                22               37
 .Other West Germanic languages                                         2,528               607              165               110
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                   54                53                18               30
    ..Dutch                                                             2,013               513              147               108
    ..Afrikaans                                                           461               259               (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                2,808               585              378               236
    ..Swedish                                                           1,233               344              263               216
    ..Danish                                                              614               311              103                81
    ..Norwegian                                                           770               349                12               20
    ..Icelandic                                                           191               114               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                 6,441             1,316            1,433               367
 .Russian                                                               8,798             1,243            3,560               817
 .Polish                                                                3,405               647            1,084               364
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                              2,731               849            1,257               528
    ..Serbocroatian                                                     1,516               623              651               333
    ..Croatian                                                            280               183                60               58
    ..Serbian                                                             935               548              546               373
 .Other Slavic languages                                                4,106               871            1,655               488
    ..Bielorussian                                                         85               120                23               38
    ..Ukrainian                                                         1,996               704            1,035               449
    ..Czech                                                               866               445              331               201
    ..Slovak                                                              377               193              109               119
    ..Bulgarian                                                           660               385              157               132
    ..Macedonian                                                           46                74               (B)                --
    ..Slovene                                                              76                70               (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                                 46                53               (B)                --
 .Persian                                                               3,323             1,157            1,097               431
 .Hindi                                                                 9,471             1,467            1,730               550
 .Gujarati                                                              7,698             1,335            3,060               828
 .Urdu                                                                  5,518             1,368            1,802               660
 .Other Indic languages                                                 8,266             1,404            1,981               590




                                                                NC
                                                      Page: 130 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
             2
   ..India n.e.c.                                     2,123         801              576         294
   ..Bengali                                          1,831         690              405         240
   ..Panjabi                                          1,997         632              684         353
   ..Marathi                                          1,127         356              117         101
   ..Oriya                                              215         181               (B)          --
   ..Assamese                                            24          43               (B)          --
   ..Kashmiri                                            15          24               (B)          --
   ..Nepali                                             204         142                38         40
   ..Sindhi                                             156         170                88        128
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                    298         280                45         60
   ..Sinhalese                                          223         172               (B)          --
   ..Romany                                              53          90                28         48
 .Other Indo-European languages                       3,689         812           1,169          484
   ..Jamaican Creole                                    366         230                57         55
   ..Krio                                               315         185                44         53
   ..Pidgin                                              65          80               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                         1,813         615              693         424
   ..Welsh                                                6          10               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       184         122               (B)          --
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                     121         129               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                           338         284              226         225
   ..Lithuanian                                         417         244              138         151
   ..Lettish                                             24          33                11         27
   ..Pashto                                              40          46               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  100,223       3,575           43,147       2,325
 .Chinese                                            20,768       1,991            9,862       1,260
    ..Chinese                                        15,913       1,807            7,664       1,156
    ..Hakka                                              12          23                12         23
    ..Kan, Hsiang                                        84         137               (B)          --
    ..Cantonese                                       1,717         599            1,001         436
    ..Mandarin                                        2,588         620              962         389
    ..Fuchow                                             54          88                38         62
    ..Formosan                                          380         190              165         127
    ..Wu                                                 20          33                20         33
 .Japanese                                            6,336         980            2,765         671
 .Korean                                             12,355       1,539            5,795         882
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                3,538       1,017            1,979         811
 .Hmong                                               9,206       1,412            3,202         633
 .Thai                                                2,306         465            1,393         371
 .Laotian                                             3,388         893            1,770         556
 .Vietnamese                                         15,811       2,280            9,993       1,594
 .Other Asian languages                              11,934       1,760            2,709         805
    ..Uighur                                            107         179                18         29
    ..Turkish                                         1,917         651              417         314
    ..Dravidian                                          20          33               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                          3,766         915              669         301
    ..Kannada                                           974         414                63         75
    ..Malayalam                                       1,240         437              243         164
    ..Tamil                                           2,875         830              403         286
    ..Burmese                                           428         304              314         232
    ..Karen                                             607         495              582         485
 .Tagalog                                            11,352       1,272            2,456         698
 .Other Pacific Island languages                      3,229         916            1,223         513
    ..Indonesian                                        889         427              541         334




                                               NC
                                     Page: 131 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Javanese                                                  6          11                 6         11
   ..Malagasy                                                58           97               (B)          --
   ..Malay                                                  132          159                95        151
   ..Bisayan                                                373          225                81         80
   ..Sebuano                                                 72           71               (B)          --
   ..Pangasinan                                                8          15               (B)          --
   ..Ilocano                                                341          316                83        128
   ..Pampangan                                              134          221               (B)          --
   ..Micronesian                                             82          128                82        128
   ..Chamorro                                               414          225              182         166
   ..Gilbertese                                              41           56               (B)          --
   ..Kusaiean                                                26           44               (B)          --
   ..Palau                                                   27           44                27         44
   ..Ponapean                                                78          128                78        128
   ..Trukese                                                 53           82               (B)          --
   ..Polynesian                                              15           25               (B)          --
   ..Samoan                                                 247          166                48         54
   ..Tongan                                                  22           33               (B)          --
   ..Maori                                                  102          166               (B)          --
   ..Hawaiian                                               109           98               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        33,494      2,706            9,234       1,351
 .Navajo                                                      171        136               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                     1,593        565                26         44
   ..Klamath                                                   26         44                26         44
   ..Nez Perce                                                 16         27               (B)          --
   ..Crow                                                      20         35               (B)          --
   ..Dakota                                                    74         82               (B)          --
   ..Choctaw                                                   48         75               (B)          --
   ..Muskogee                                                   4          8               (B)          --
   ..Mohawk                                                    19         27               (B)          --
   ..Tuscarora                                                100        129               (B)          --
   ..Cherokee                                               1,147        536               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                          139        154               (B)          --
 .Hungarian                                                   989        408              334         273
 .Arabic                                                   14,838      1,993            4,562         899
 .Hebrew                                                    1,560        545              257         161
 .African languages                                        13,558      1,971            3,745       1,063
   ..Amharic                                                2,845        759              871         336
   ..Chadic                                                   168        178               (B)          --
   ..Cushite                                                1,354        809              494         517
   ..Sudanic                                                   75         74                14         23
   ..Swahili                                                1,415        516              391         310
   ..Bantu                                                    705        460              107          89
   ..Mande                                                  1,272        680              792         608
   ..Fulani                                                   660        420              145         126
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                       4,663      1,027              882         458
   ..Efik                                                      25         42                25         42
   ..African                                                  376        332                24         40
 .Other and unspecified languages                             785        255              310         178
   ..Finnish                                                  154        115                19         33
   ..Estonian                                                 123         86               (B)          --
   ..Caucasian                                                 25         41               (B)          --
   ..Syriac                                                    34         59               (B)          --
   ..Aztecan                                                   64        101                64        101




                                                    NC
                                          Page: 132 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..Mayan languages                                                              156                   128                156                  128
    ..Tarascan                                                                      56                    97                 (B)                   --
    ..Oto - Manguen                                                                 85                   137                  71                 115
    ..Uncodable                                                                     88                    62                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        NC
                                                              Page: 133 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 30. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for North Dakota:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                        598,518               381             8,961            1,045
Spoke only English at home                                           565,619             1,572                (X)              (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                           32,899             1,531             8,961            1,045


Spoke a language other than English at home                            32,899            1,531             8,961            1,045

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                              8,458              715             1,911              406
   ..Spanish                                                            8,458              715             1,911              406

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                          17,828            1,195             4,724              755
 .French                                                                1,098              281               171              124
    ..French                                                            1,098              281               171              124
 .French Creole                                                              8              17                (B)               --
 .Italian                                                                 116               72                  8              13
 .Portuguese                                                              134               97                 39              59
    ..Portuguese                                                          134               97                 39              59
 .German                                                               10,162              704             2,191              342
    ..German                                                           10,162              704             2,191              342
 .Yiddish                                                                   11              12                  4               8
 .Other West Germanic languages                                           103               73                 15              19
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                    29              41                (B)               --
    ..Dutch                                                                 11              12                (B)               --
    ..Afrikaans                                                             63              57                 15              19
 .Scandinavian languages                                                1,986              302               363              139
    ..Swedish                                                             122               73                 25              27
    ..Norwegian                                                         1,776              280               338              135
    ..Icelandic                                                             88              69                (B)               --
 .Greek                                                                     14              20                (B)               --
 .Russian                                                                 397              233               207              141
 .Polish                                                                  392              169               144              106
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                              1,507              691               846              537
    ..Serbocroatian                                                     1,232              678               787              536
    ..Croatian                                                              42              50                (B)               --
    ..Serbian                                                             233              237                 59              81
 .Other Slavic languages                                                  731              193               208              111
    ..Ukrainian                                                           231              131                 81              86
    ..Czech                                                               469              151               127               84
    ..Bulgarian                                                             26              45                (B)               --
    ..Macedonian                                                             5              10                (B)               --
 .Armenian                                                                 (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Persian                                                                   46              78                (B)               --
 .Hindi                                                                   149              138                (B)               --
 .Gujarati                                                                 (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Urdu                                                                      76             123                 34              56
 .Other Indic languages                                                   683              282               380              222
    ..Bengali                                                             199              190               186              190
    ..Marathi                                                             158              185                (B)               --
    ..Nepali                                                              305              211               185              138
                      2
    ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                                       21              31                  9              14
 .Other Indo-European languages                                           215              145               114              106
    ..Krio                                                                  62              93                 62              93




                                                               ND
                                                      Page: 134 of Pages: 220
                                                                                 Spoke English
                                                       Number of     Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                             1                            1
                                                        speakers        Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Pidgin                                                  11            18               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                                51            84                16         27
   ..Irish Gaelic                                            60            59                16         24
   ..Albanian                                                  5             8              (B)          --
   ..Lettish                                                 26            36                20         33

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                          3,099         467            1,500         366
 .Chinese                                                     988         332              483         231
    ..Chinese                                                 834         307              393         220
    ..Cantonese                                                 37         36                29         33
    ..Mandarin                                                117         107                61         92
 .Japanese                                                    221         146                77         69
 .Korean                                                      158         189                37         49
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                          95        133                84        132
 .Hmong                                                        (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Thai                                                          17         21                11         18
 .Laotian                                                      (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Vietnamese                                                  562         231              359         170
 .Other Asian languages                                       271         131                56         55
    ..Mongolian                                                 24         18                24         18
    ..Telugu                                                  247         130                32         52
 .Tagalog                                                     617         300              354         276
 .Other Pacific Island languages                              170         127                39         45
    ..Indonesian                                                53         70               (B)          --
    ..Chamorro                                                  24         38                24         38
    ..Samoan                                                    33         36                15         25
    ..Hawaiian                                                  60         91               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                         3,514         591              826         368
 .Navajo                                                       (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                     1,872         389                91         66
   ..Cree                                                       28         36               (B)          --
   ..French Cree                                                22         27               (B)          --
   ..Ojibwa                                                     89         53                22         25
   ..Hidatsa                                                  806         341                36         38
   ..Mandan                                                     37         31                 7         16
   ..Dakota                                                   675         208                26         40
   ..Arikara                                                    44         38               (B)          --
   ..Towa                                                       17         28               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                          154         110               (B)          --
 .Hungarian                                                     33         34                14         24
 .Arabic                                                      455         218              139         114
 .Hebrew                                                        27         23               (B)          --
 .African languages                                           992         423              571         338
   ..Amharic                                                    34         59               (B)          --
   ..Cushite                                                  222         218                99        114
   ..Sudanic                                                  222         168              157         138
   ..Nilo-hamitic                                               14         25               (B)          --
   ..Swahili                                                  107         142                93        140
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                         366         312              195         234
   ..African                                                    27         46                27         46
 .Other and unspecified languages                             135          79                11         13
   ..Finnish                                                    78         52                11         13
   ..Estonian                                                    5          8               (B)          --
   ..Uncodable                                                  52         49               (B)          --




                                                   ND
                                          Page: 135 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                       ND
                                                              Page: 136 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 31. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Nebraska: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      1,641,193              594            68,526            2,295
Spoke only English at home                                         1,492,558            3,079                (X)              (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          148,635            3,102            68,526            2,295


Spoke a language other than English at home                          148,635            3,102            68,526            2,295

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                            97,548            2,013            51,373            1,899
   ..Spanish                                                          97,548            2,013            51,373            1,899

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         24,177            1,536             5,119              830
 .French                                                               4,417              673             1,033              440
    ..French                                                           4,417              673             1,033              440
 .French Creole                                                          156              132                (B)               --
 .Italian                                                                729              242               131               67
 .Portuguese                                                             585              260               105               82
    ..Portuguese                                                         585              260               105               82
 .German                                                               6,415              694             1,324              328
    ..German                                                           6,415              694             1,324              328
 .Yiddish                                                                 16               26                 16              26
 .Other West Germanic languages                                          329              182                 22              26
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                  28               49                (B)               --
    ..Dutch                                                              222              110                 22              26
    ..Afrikaans                                                           79              104                (B)               --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 540              159                 17              29
    ..Swedish                                                            123               72                (B)               --
    ..Danish                                                             239              110                (B)               --
    ..Norwegian                                                          178               84                 17              29
 .Greek                                                                  361              243               116               97
 .Russian                                                              1,101              415               266              156
 .Polish                                                               1,138              328               177               98
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                               760              397               290              195
    ..Serbocroatian                                                      667              376               214              154
    ..Croatian                                                            17               28                (B)               --
    ..Serbian                                                             76              121                 76             121
 .Other Slavic languages                                               3,090              593               617              299
    ..Ukrainian                                                          549              358               290              258
    ..Czech                                                            2,498              475               293              123
    ..Slovak                                                              29               35                 20              33
    ..Slovene                                                             14               24                 14              24
 .Armenian                                                                30               34                (B)               --
 .Persian                                                                642              556               175              167
 .Hindi                                                                1,290              658                 56              45
 .Gujarati                                                               475              251               113               84
 .Urdu                                                                   194              150                 20              33
 .Other Indic languages                                                  824              292               339              224
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                        23               44                (B)               --
    ..Bengali                                                            245              177               109               94
    ..Panjabi                                                             60               61                (B)               --
    ..Marathi                                                             47               56                (B)               --
    ..Oriya                                                               83              136                (B)               --
    ..Assamese                                                            68              113                 15              25




                                                               NE
                                                     Page: 137 of Pages: 220
                                                                                 Spoke English
                                                       Number of     Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                             1                            1
                                                        speakers        Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Nepali                                                  218          218              198         218
   ..Sinhalese                                                66           96                17         33
   ..Romany                                                   14           25               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                            1,085          409              302         221
   ..Krio                                                     19           32               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                                275          274                22         36
   ..Welsh                                                    19           27               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                             64           66               (B)          --
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                           33           44               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                                 63          104               (B)          --
   ..Lithuanian                                              222          112                47         46
   ..Lettish                                                  68           51                31         36
   ..Pashto                                                   67           76                27         43
   ..Kurdish                                                 255          234              175         206

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                         18,435         990            9,202         781
 .Chinese                                                   4,091         845            2,334         625
    ..Chinese                                               3,265         815            1,940         592
    ..Cantonese                                               233         234              185         191
    ..Mandarin                                                438         246              161         154
    ..Formosan                                                155         131                48         61
 .Japanese                                                  1,404         379              527         224
 .Korean                                                    1,117         344              651         265
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                        304         358              181         217
 .Hmong                                                        (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Thai                                                        429         236              286         211
 .Laotian                                                     653         259              356         165
 .Vietnamese                                                6,526         985            3,870         773
 .Other Asian languages                                     2,133         478              452         250
    ..Kazakh                                                    17         33               (B)          --
    ..Uighur                                                    22         31                11         19
    ..Turkish                                                 266         188              110         122
    ..Telugu                                                  643         292              121         101
    ..Kannada                                                   72         90               (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                               347         234               (B)          --
    ..Tamil                                                   687         290              131         116
    ..Karen                                                     79        130                79        130
 .Tagalog                                                   1,150         306              316         128
 .Other Pacific Island languages                              628         213              229         123
    ..Indonesian                                              139          95                61         59
    ..Malay                                                     47         70               (B)          --
    ..Bisayan                                                 150          98                27         32
    ..Sebuano                                                   15         25               (B)          --
    ..Ilocano                                                    1          4                 1          4
    ..Micronesian                                               88        113                14         31
    ..Chamorro                                                  30         46                15         23
    ..Palau                                                     88        100                61         92
    ..Ponapean                                                  21         34                21         34
    ..Trukese                                                   29         36                29         36
    ..Samoan                                                    20         25               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                         8,475       1,566            2,832         832
 .Navajo                                                       64          74                39         58
 .Other Native North American languages                     1,211         321              161         127
   ..Ojibwa                                                    31          37               (B)          --




                                                    NE
                                          Page: 138 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Dakota                                                                      680                  173                  47                  32
     .. Winnebago                                                                    64                   56                 (B)                   --
      ..Omaha                                                                       197                  121                   6                  11
      ..Ponca                                                                         9                   14                 (B)                   --
      ..Mikasuki                                                                      3                     7                (B)                   --
      ..Muskogee                                                                     18                   22                  13                  21
      ..Cherokee                                                                     11                   18                 (B)                   --
      ..Shoshoni                                                                      1                   13                 (B)                   --
      ..Chinook Jargon                                                              114                  160                  68                  97
      ..American Indian                                                              83                   74                  27                  42
    .Hungarian                                                                      107                  125                 (B)                   --
    .Arabic                                                                       3,430                  964             1,280                   560
    .Hebrew                                                                         117                  114                 (B)                   --
    .African languages                                                            3,424                1,025             1,352                   586
      ..Amharic                                                                     247                  211                  49                  69
      ..Cushite                                                                     294                  223                294                  223
      ..Sudanic                                                                     465                  474                465                  474
      ..Nilotic                                                                   1,104                  680                307                  166
      ..Swahili                                                                     487                  410                  86                 105
      ..Bantu                                                                       192                  157                  18                  29
      ..Mande                                                                        12                   19                  12                  19
      ..Fulani                                                                       53                   90                  36                  60
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                            452                  216                  65                  78
      ..Efik                                                                         58                   73                 (B)                   --
      ..African                                                                      60                   97                  20                  33
    .Other and unspecified languages                                                122                   59                 (B)                   --
      ..Finnish                                                                      12                   19                 (B)                   --
      ..Estonian                                                                      5                     9                (B)                   --
      ..Uncodable                                                                   105                   61                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        NE
                                                              Page: 139 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 32. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for New Hampshire:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than       Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"          Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      1,237,068              300            29,787            1,983
Spoke only English at home                                         1,137,876            3,447                (X)              (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                           99,192            3,469            29,787            1,983


Spoke a language other than English at home                           99,192            3,469            29,787            1,983

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                            26,559            1,329             8,923            1,050
   ..Spanish                                                          26,559            1,329             8,923            1,050

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         55,151            2,891            13,618            1,438
 .French                                                              27,990            1,784             6,126              765
    ..French                                                          27,990            1,784             6,126              765
 .French Creole                                                          398              249               237              190
 .Italian                                                              1,941              371               407              186
 .Portuguese                                                           4,425            1,060             1,739              548
    ..Portuguese                                                       4,425            1,060             1,739              548
 .German                                                               3,638              556               413              164
    ..German                                                           3,638              556               413              164
 .Yiddish                                                                 15               24                (B)               --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                          494              175                 55              50
    ..Dutch                                                              400              151                 55              50
    ..Afrikaans                                                           94               84                (B)               --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 774              318               213              213
    ..Swedish                                                            546              292               181              205
    ..Danish                                                              84               66                (B)               --
    ..Norwegian                                                          144              121                 32              53
 .Greek                                                                2,409              458               618              201
 .Russian                                                              1,860              602               566              251
 .Polish                                                               1,769              535               428              286
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             1,861              902               780              449
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    1,641              835               607              333
    ..Croatian                                                           212              286               173              281
    ..Serbian                                                              8               14                (B)               --
 .Other Slavic languages                                                 784              354               329              299
    ..Ukrainian                                                          424              317               274              292
    ..Czech                                                              191              147                 51              53
    ..Slovak                                                              19               25                  4               7
    ..Bulgarian                                                          150              142                (B)               --
 .Armenian                                                               195              167                 36              58
 .Persian                                                                313              197                 19              31
 .Hindi                                                                2,308              784               314              241
 .Gujarati                                                               704              300               244              158
 .Urdu                                                                   183              184                 21              33
 .Other Indic languages                                                1,895              849               658              461
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                       216              231               216              231
    ..Bengali                                                            491              240                (B)               --
    ..Panjabi                                                            233              249                (B)               --
    ..Marathi                                                             32               52                (B)               --
    ..Nepali                                                             923              715               442              382
 .Other Indo-European languages                                        1,195              474               415              305
    ..Romanian                                                           435              318                 90              95




                                                              NH
                                                     Page: 140 of Pages: 220
                                                                                 Spoke English
                                                       Number of     Margin of       less than   Margin of
                                                                             1                           1
                                                        speakers        Error      "Very Well"      Error
   ..Irish Gaelic                                            63            61               25         41
   ..Albanian                                               319           306              238        278
   ..Lithuanian                                             326           205               40         47
   ..Lettish                                                 52            53               22         37

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                         13,130       1,124           6,038         951
 .Chinese                                                   4,343         877           2,046         499
    ..Chinese                                               3,040         852           1,439         469
    ..Cantonese                                               643         345             218         171
    ..Mandarin                                                614         375             383         319
    ..Formosan                                                  29         39                6         11
    ..Wu                                                        17         27              (B)          --
 .Japanese                                                    536         291             264         220
 .Korean                                                      961         291             702         276
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                        666         332             292         174
 .Hmong                                                        (B)          --             (B)          --
 .Thai                                                      1,044         760             407         367
 .Laotian                                                     445         242             139         111
 .Vietnamese                                                1,105         625             837         529
 .Other Asian languages                                     2,129         575             661         426
    ..Turkish                                                 279         375             238         372
    ..Mongolian                                                 46         62               36         60
    ..Telugu                                                  936         374             286         187
    ..Kannada                                                   58         70              (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                               189         161               48         76
    ..Tamil                                                   542         340               25         32
    ..Munda                                                      9         18                9         18
    ..Burmese                                                   67        113               19         34
    ..Karen                                                      3          6              (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                                   1,007         355             154          88
 .Other Pacific Island languages                              894         387             536         283
    ..Indonesian                                              689         356             514         277
    ..Malay                                                     88        137               22         33
    ..Bisayan                                                    7         14              (B)          --
    ..Sebuano                                                   10         18              (B)          --
    ..Chamorro                                                  38         69              (B)          --
    ..Woleai-ulithi                                             51         62              (B)          --
    ..Tokelauan                                                 11         17              (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                         4,352         828           1,208         388
 .Navajo                                                       25          33              (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                        84          72               14         24
   ..Dakota                                                    10          17              (B)          --
   ..Muskogee                                                  24          38              (B)          --
   ..Mohawk                                                    14          24               14         24
   ..Hopi                                                      36          60              (B)          --
 .Hungarian                                                   333         207               91         73
 .Arabic                                                    1,798         774             593         314
 .Hebrew                                                      281         198              (B)          --
 .African languages                                         1,568         531             488         244
   ..Amharic                                                   60          84              (B)          --
   ..Cushite                                                   14          24               14         24
   ..Sudanic                                                  221         193             145         141
   ..Swahili                                                  320         256             158         174
   ..Bantu                                                    434         331               42         73




                                                   NH
                                          Page: 141 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                           394                   389                109                  120
     .. Efik                                                                        20                    32                  20                  32
      ..African                                                                    105                   152                 (B)                   --
    .Other and unspecified languages                                               263                   153                  22                  33
      ..Finnish                                                                    222                   153                  22                  33
      ..Uncodable                                                                   41                    49                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                       NH
                                                              Page: 142 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 33. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for New Jersey:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      8,100,620              408          948,688            11,137
Spoke only English at home                                         5,861,865           11,684               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                        2,238,755           11,690          948,688            11,137


Spoke a language other than English at home                        2,238,755           11,690          948,688            11,137

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                         1,123,011            6,198          538,568             7,865
   ..Spanish                                                       1,123,011            6,198          538,568             7,865

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        672,873           11,358          237,574             5,264
 .French                                                              37,995            2,442            9,181             1,239
    ..French                                                          36,268            2,418            8,775             1,197
    ..Patois                                                           1,712              646              406               348
    ..Cajun                                                               15               25               (B)                --
 .French Creole                                                       43,086            3,863           18,887             1,839
 .Italian                                                             89,120            3,270           26,243             1,868
 .Portuguese                                                          83,203            3,977           41,984             2,473
    ..Portuguese                                                      83,203            3,977           41,984             2,473
 .German                                                              30,496            1,781            4,869               620
    ..German                                                          30,496            1,781            4,869               620
 .Yiddish                                                              7,384            1,173            1,285               384
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        3,749              631              417               174
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                  23               38                23               38
    ..Dutch                                                            3,131              603              394               165
    ..Afrikaans                                                          533              214               (B)                --
    ..Frisian                                                             62               56               (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                               3,329              558              430               216
    ..Swedish                                                          1,195              354                53               52
    ..Danish                                                           1,014              368              193               190
    ..Norwegian                                                        1,034              313              148                92
    ..Icelandic                                                           86               84                36               58
 .Greek                                                               23,351            2,039            6,550               896
 .Russian                                                             45,114            3,601           18,686             1,644
 .Polish                                                              65,656            3,559           29,009             2,074
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                            11,625            1,713            3,899               748
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    4,116            1,053            1,274               478
    ..Croatian                                                         5,173            1,144            1,590               390
    ..Serbian                                                          2,336              725            1,035               456
 .Other Slavic languages                                              21,537            1,810            7,513             1,026
    ..Bielorussian                                                        90               80                69               73
    ..Ukrainian                                                       10,078            1,243            3,666               649
    ..Czech                                                            1,633              527              601               339
    ..Slovak                                                           4,294              768            1,342               332
    ..Bulgarian                                                        1,602              466              474               224
    ..Macedonian                                                       3,782            1,093            1,361               427
    ..Slovene                                                             58               51               (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                             5,942            1,042            1,707               463
 .Persian                                                              6,459            1,184            1,935               455
 .Hindi                                                               51,742            3,285           11,991             1,541
 .Gujarati                                                            61,278            3,340           25,137             1,910
 .Urdu                                                                24,401            2,685            7,897             1,435




                                                               NJ
                                                     Page: 143 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .Other Indic languages                              40,019       3,302          14,262        1,685
                  2
   ..India n.e.c.                                     9,056       1,886           3,723          931
   ..Bengali                                         11,323       1,394           3,967          831
   ..Panjabi                                          9,270       1,792           4,001          954
   ..Marathi                                          6,954       1,260           1,320          401
   ..Oriya                                              191         170                22         37
   ..Assamese                                           113         100               (B)          --
   ..Nepali                                             429         275                64         77
   ..Sindhi                                             582         260              151         129
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                  1,248         572              781         423
   ..Sinhalese                                          853         365              233         210
 .Other Indo-European languages                      17,387       2,001           5,692        1,059
   ..Jamaican Creole                                  1,558         692              403         376
   ..Krio                                               391         330                91        123
   ..Gullah                                              15          24               (B)          --
   ..Catalonian                                         134         110                31         36
   ..Romanian                                         4,696         842           1,731          456
   ..Welsh                                               54          51               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       766         313                82         56
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      33          43               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                         6,978       1,533           2,355          793
   ..Lithuanian                                       1,175         366              312         164
   ..Lettish                                            914         379              352         215
   ..Pashto                                             594         565              292         319
   ..Kurdish                                             79         122                43         60

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  339,225       5,805          141,859       4,225
 .Chinese                                           100,441       4,086           47,046       2,468
    ..Chinese                                        73,139       3,536           34,425       2,108
    ..Cantonese                                       7,755       1,352            3,615         783
    ..Mandarin                                       15,324       1,893            6,764       1,107
    ..Fuchow                                            141         141              141         141
    ..Formosan                                        4,016         795            2,101         525
    ..Wu                                                  66         75               (B)          --
 .Japanese                                           11,353       1,313            6,561       1,096
 .Korean                                             71,986       3,563           41,597       2,528
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                  543         334              237         189
 .Hmong                                                  (B)          --              (B)          --
 .Thai                                                2,090         531            1,137         334
 .Laotian                                               513         365              222         186
 .Vietnamese                                         15,331       1,611            9,587       1,213
 .Other Asian languages                              55,344       3,538           14,622       1,675
    ..Kirghiz                                             55         89                24         39
    ..Karachay                                          155         142                48         59
    ..Uighur                                            179         174                82         99
    ..Turkish                                        13,402       2,058            5,699       1,133
    ..Dravidian                                         179         156                86        110
    ..Gondi                                               21         35               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                         16,773       1,777            3,272         785
    ..Kannada                                         3,780         859              520         353
    ..Malayalam                                       7,942       1,188            2,192         535
    ..Tamil                                          11,777       1,182            1,999         591
    ..Munda                                             266         244              196         233
    ..Tibetan                                           121         138                17         26
    ..Burmese                                           619         507              412         444




                                               NJ
                                     Page: 144 of Pages: 220
                                                                                 Spoke English
                                                        Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                             1                            1
                                                         speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Kachin                                                    75         116                75        116
 .Tagalog                                                  77,898       3,685          19,441        1,445
 .Other Pacific Island languages                            3,726         708           1,409          448
   ..Indonesian                                             1,091         430              554         334
   ..Javanese                                                  13          23                13         23
   ..Malay                                                    424         249              221         210
   ..Bisayan                                                  709         299              192         142
   ..Sebuano                                                  722         308              176          99
   ..Ilocano                                                  246         203                99        104
   ..Bikol                                                     57          92               (B)          --
   ..Pampangan                                                195         153                45         48
   ..Chamorro                                                  47          77               (B)          --
   ..Palau                                                     63         101               (B)          --
   ..Melanesian                                                69         109                69        109
   ..Samoan                                                    40          66                40         66
   ..Fijian                                                    36          62               (B)          --
   ..Hawaiian                                                  14          24               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                       103,646       4,994           30,687       2,272
  .Navajo                                                      (B)          --              (B)          --
  .Other Native North American languages                      639         247              181         132
    ..Delaware                                                  56         77                37         67
    ..Menomini                                                  23         39               (B)          --
    ..Ojibwa                                                    33         54                17         28
    ..Passamaquoddy                                             47         78                18         30
    ..Okanogan                                                  18         29               (B)          --
    ..Kuchin                                                    47         59               (B)          --
    ..Sahaptian                                                 86        107                16         27
    ..Karok                                                     34         52               (B)          --
    ..Dakota                                                    71         91                 2          5
    ..Keres                                                     41         67               (B)          --
    ..Cherokee                                                  62         67               (B)          --
    ..Ute                                                        4         10                 4         10
    ..Pima                                                      33         56                33         56
    ..American Indian                                           84         89                54         72
  .Hungarian                                                6,826         814            2,172         465
  .Arabic                                                  48,617       3,322           17,328       1,704
Hebrew                                                     16,560       1,571            2,575         676
African languages                                          27,956       2,403            7,309       1,193
    ..Amharic                                               1,196         392              418         161
    ..Berber                                                    22         42                11         20
    ..Chadic                                                  641         391                62         70
    ..Cushite                                                 114         116               (B)          --
    ..Nilotic                                                 137         111                26         44
    ..Swahili                                               3,365       1,072              408         254
    ..Bantu                                                 1,111         533              279         256
    ..Mande                                                 2,034         723            1,013         397
    ..Fulani                                                  196         145                36         59
    ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                     18,495       1,852            4,915         964
    ..Efik                                                    304         287               (B)          --
    ..African                                                 341         280              141         144
  .Other and unspecified languages                          3,048         743            1,122         429
    ..Finnish                                                 538         311               (B)          --
    ..Estonian                                                535         225              117          96
    ..Caucasian                                             1,248         467              632         292




                                                     NJ
                                           Page: 145 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..Syriac                                                                       344                   244                177                  174
    ..Mayan languages                                                              269                   329                196                  229
    ..Arawakian                                                                     41                    68                 (B)                   --
    ..Uncodable                                                                     73                    54                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        NJ
                                                              Page: 146 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 34. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for New Mexico:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than       Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      1,818,055              706          185,994             4,744
Spoke only English at home                                         1,166,401            7,646               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          651,654            7,584          185,994             4,744


Spoke a language other than English at home                          651,654            7,584          185,994             4,744

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           514,744            6,429          155,827             4,152
   ..Spanish                                                         514,744            6,429          155,827             4,152

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         21,379            1,438             3,650              542
 .French                                                               3,935              659               374              153
    ..French                                                           3,902              661               374              153
    ..Patois                                                              33               41                (B)               --
 .French Creole                                                           25               44                 25              44
 .Italian                                                              1,059              269               253              131
 .Portuguese                                                             683              252                 43              40
    ..Portuguese                                                         683              252                 43              40
 .German                                                               6,937              893             1,231              267
    ..German                                                           6,937              893             1,231              267
 .Yiddish                                                                134              221                (B)               --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                          782              360                 31              36
    ..Dutch                                                              691              356                 31              36
    ..Afrikaans                                                           91               74                (B)               --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 612              232                 80              68
    ..Swedish                                                            155              113                 14              26
    ..Danish                                                             251              154                 46              55
    ..Norwegian                                                          190              137                 20              31
    ..Icelandic                                                           16               28                (B)               --
 .Greek                                                                  886              323               161              109
 .Russian                                                              1,128              407               374              184
 .Polish                                                               1,017              635                 91              82
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                               187              127                 54              52
    ..Serbocroatian                                                       34               40                 34              40
    ..Croatian                                                           117              103                (B)               --
    ..Serbian                                                             36               42                 20              33
 .Other Slavic languages                                                 453              211                 37              32
    ..Ukrainian                                                          149              143                 17              28
    ..Czech                                                              142              108                 20              36
    ..Slovak                                                              63               57                (B)               --
    ..Bulgarian                                                           61               78                (B)               --
    ..Macedonian                                                          38               71                (B)               --
 .Armenian                                                                58               60                 14              26
 .Persian                                                                958              397               317              176
 .Hindi                                                                  349              232                 54              68
 .Gujarati                                                               324              235                 82              71
 .Urdu                                                                   303              216                 43              62
 .Other Indic languages                                                  790              446               151              127
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                        69               94                (B)               --
    ..Bengali                                                            209              235                (B)               --
    ..Panjabi                                                            107              111                 59              61
    ..Marathi                                                             41               69                (B)               --




                                                              NM
                                                     Page: 147 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Nepali                                                  92           84                21         33
   ..Pakistan n.e.c. 2                                      234          349                71        110
   ..Sinhalese                                               38           69               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                             759          373              235         167
   ..Catalonian                                              40           47               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                               175          160                63         73
   ..Welsh                                                   41           60               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                            45           74               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                               150          248                48         77
   ..Lithuanian                                             115          131                17         30
   ..Lettish                                                 58           70                17         29
   ..Pashto                                                  19           32                19         32
   ..Kurdish                                                116          138                71        113

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                         16,031      1,076            7,336         737
 .Chinese                                                   4,487        748            2,386         526
    ..Chinese                                               3,372        676            1,577         476
    ..Cantonese                                               270        228              132         141
    ..Mandarin                                                622        351              518         333
    ..Formosan                                                223        192              159         124
 .Japanese                                                  1,456        398              677         208
 .Korean                                                    1,642        635              741         354
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                         64         78                25         38
 .Hmong                                                       128        186               (B)          --
 .Thai                                                        670        298              288         147
 .Laotian                                                     563        361              323         206
 .Vietnamese                                                3,362        702            1,851         402
 .Other Asian languages                                     1,248        448              339         184
    ..Turkish                                                 346        308                77         99
    ..Telugu                                                  306        200              161         138
    ..Kannada                                                  14         30               (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                               256        200                34         54
    ..Tamil                                                   323        226                67         83
    ..Munda                                                     3          6               (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                                   1,843        459              570         259
 .Other Pacific Island languages                              568        266              136          98
    ..Indonesian                                               58         63               (B)          --
    ..Javanese                                                 24         38               (B)          --
    ..Malay                                                    30         47                17         27
    ..Bisayan                                                 146        166                40         56
    ..Ilocano                                                  17         28                17         28
    ..Chamorro                                                214        198                45         75
    ..Melanesian                                               43         65               (B)          --
    ..Samoan                                                   19         31               (B)          --
    ..Maori                                                    17         28                17         28

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        99,500      2,974           19,181       1,480
 .Navajo                                                   63,027      2,614           15,003       1,159
 .Other Native North American languages                    33,279      2,591            3,167       1,043
   ..Inupik                                                    16         25                16         25
   ..Blackfoot                                                 62         99               (B)          --
   ..Cheyenne                                                  20         27               (B)          --
   ..Cree                                                      15         25               (B)          --
   ..Athapascan                                                10         18               (B)          --
   ..Apache                                                 1,312        466                36         44




                                                   NM
                                          Page: 148 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Nez Perce                                                                    20                   31                 (B)                   --
     .. Mohave                                                                       88                   99                 (B)                   --
      ..Dakota                                                                      446                  297                  19                  29
      ..Omaha                                                                        17                   29                 (B)                   --
      ..Choctaw                                                                      80                   66                  17                  29
      ..Muskogee                                                                     98                   94                 (B)                   --
      ..Keres                                                                    12,230                1,174                626                  218
      ..Cherokee                                                                     87                   88                 (B)                   --
      ..Comanche                                                                    152                  241                 (B)                   --
      ..Paiute                                                                       21                   33                 (B)                   --
      ..Ute                                                                           6                   10                 (B)                   --
      ..Hopi                                                                         92                   71                  29                  53
      ..Pima                                                                         30                   51                 (B)                   --
      ..Tiwa                                                                      2,121                  622                  73                  78
      ..Tewa                                                                      4,121                  700                344                  164
      ..Towa                                                                      2,161                  570                592                  225
      ..Zuni                                                                      8,923                1,954             1,314                   938
      ..American Indian                                                             289                  136                  35                  39
      ..Jicarilla                                                                   454                  155                  66                  61
      ..Chiricahua                                                                  408                  327                 (B)                   --
    .Hungarian                                                                      247                  140                 (B)                   --
    .Arabic                                                                       1,267                  519                405                  328
    .Hebrew                                                                         396                  230                 (B)                   --
    .African languages                                                              836                  496                288                  302
      ..Amharic                                                                     556                  438                277                  302
      ..Cushite                                                                      25                   41                 (B)                   --
      ..Swahili                                                                      68                   58                 (B)                   --
      ..Mande                                                                        11                   17                  11                  17
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                            162                  123                 (B)                   --
      ..African                                                                      14                   25                 (B)                   --
    .Other and unspecified languages                                                448                  298                318                  273
      ..Finnish                                                                      39                   47                 (B)                   --
      ..Estonian                                                                     22                   37                 (B)                   --
      ..Caucasian                                                                    15                   23                 (B)                   --
      ..Aztecan                                                                     334                  288                303                  275
      ..Mayan languages                                                              15                   25                  15                  25
      ..Uncodable                                                                    23                   28                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                       NM
                                                              Page: 149 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 35. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Nevada: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      2,351,179              625          304,585             5,990
Spoke only English at home                                         1,708,944            6,946               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          642,235            7,001          304,585             5,990


Spoke a language other than English at home                          642,235            7,001          304,585             5,990

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           460,091            5,548          238,687             5,311
   ..Spanish                                                         460,091            5,548          238,687             5,311

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         55,936            3,538            15,979            1,654
 .French                                                               6,740              772             1,282              353
    ..French                                                           6,723              770             1,282              353
    ..Patois                                                              17               27                (B)               --
 .French Creole                                                          159              173                 64              83
 .Italian                                                              5,417              795             1,457              462
 .Portuguese                                                           2,002              825               702              427
    ..Portuguese                                                       1,959              819               702              427
    ..Papia Mentae                                                        43               69                (B)               --
 .German                                                               9,577            1,257             1,199              294
    ..German                                                           9,577            1,257             1,199              294
 .Yiddish                                                                259              108                 40              48
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        1,155              287               226              134
    ..Dutch                                                              914              278               189              134
    ..Afrikaans                                                          241              161                 37              45
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 903              311               182              118
    ..Swedish                                                            449              222                 48              52
    ..Danish                                                             222              137                 50              82
    ..Norwegian                                                          164              110                 39              46
    ..Icelandic                                                           68               83                 45              74
 .Greek                                                                2,165              593               435              232
 .Russian                                                              3,462            1,034             1,640              656
 .Polish                                                               3,052              802             1,157              520
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             3,073              846             1,587              644
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    1,050              576               581              497
    ..Croatian                                                           413              456                 54              51
    ..Serbian                                                          1,610              615               952              430
 .Other Slavic languages                                               3,153              974             1,319              480
    ..Ukrainian                                                          308              209                 92              98
    ..Czech                                                              557              296               113               87
    ..Slovak                                                              24               39                (B)               --
    ..Bulgarian                                                        2,051              855             1,039              457
    ..Macedonian                                                         137              170                 21              35
    ..Slovene                                                             76               89                 54              65
 .Armenian                                                             2,806            1,120             1,077              602
 .Persian                                                              3,916              997             1,103              368
 .Hindi                                                                1,581              615               217              172
 .Gujarati                                                               492              346                 94              99
 .Urdu                                                                   560              329               172              132
 .Other Indic languages                                                3,530            1,151             1,293              514
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                       536              445               177              169
    ..Bengali                                                            524              307               314              201




                                                              NV
                                                     Page: 150 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Panjabi                                          1,192         780              414         317
   ..Marathi                                            253         255               (B)          --
   ..Assamese                                            31          51               (B)          --
   ..Nepali                                             422         478              255         281
   ..Sindhi                                              32          55               (B)          --
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                     17          28               (B)          --
   ..Sinhalese                                          523         299              133         159
 .Other Indo-European languages                       1,934         543              733         363
   ..Jamaican Creole                                    101         100                49         81
   ..Pidgin                                              96         123                71        116
   ..Catalonian                                          26          43               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                         1,028         398              347         219
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       126          92                17         29
   ..Albanian                                           238         230              132         186
   ..Lithuanian                                         201         207                78        103
   ..Lettish                                            118          95                39         48

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  107,677       2,939           43,533       2,238
 .Chinese                                            18,980       2,095           11,123       1,489
    ..Chinese                                        11,991       1,593            7,227       1,184
    ..Cantonese                                       3,476         866            1,958         598
    ..Mandarin                                        2,857         738            1,566         560
    ..Formosan                                          610         382              349         286
    ..Wu                                                 46          73                23         36
 .Japanese                                            6,363         985            2,327         496
 .Korean                                              7,868       1,162            4,364         788
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                1,200         661              608         340
 .Hmong                                                  63          84                49         63
 .Thai                                                4,273         684            2,360         433
 .Laotian                                             1,731         682              668         328
 .Vietnamese                                          5,801       1,036            3,394         803
 .Other Asian languages                               2,578         819              859         455
    ..Turkish                                           668         427              246         258
    ..Telugu                                            705         453                87         93
    ..Kannada                                           197         230                13         22
    ..Malayalam                                         587         350              252         190
    ..Tamil                                             155          91                15         24
    ..Burmese                                           266         342              246         333
 .Tagalog                                            51,242       2,517           15,611       1,410
 .Other Pacific Island languages                      7,578       1,289            2,170         606
    ..Indonesian                                        384         349              134         162
    ..Javanese                                           59          97                59         97
    ..Malay                                             138         157              103         143
    ..Bisayan                                           764         382              148         113
    ..Sebuano                                           104         110                71         96
    ..Ilocano                                         1,737         616              724         378
    ..Pampangan                                         144         130                24         44
    ..Micronesian                                        32          54               (B)          --
    ..Chamorro                                        1,291         456              128         103
    ..Marshallese                                       466         346              201         117
    ..Palau                                             312         267              122         124
    ..Ponapean                                           63         105                63        105
    ..Trukese                                           104         231               (B)          --
    ..Melanesian                                         30          49               (B)          --
    ..Samoan                                          1,008         355              196         172




                                              NV
                                     Page: 151 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..   Tongan                                                                    675                   586                197                  204
    ..   Hawaiian                                                                  267                   197                 (B)                   --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                                               18,531                2,224               6,386               1,227
 .Navajo                                                                           1,388                  598                   83                 94
 .Other Native North American languages                                            2,097                  552                 336                 150
   ..Cheyenne                                                                         22                   44                  (B)                  --
   ..Washo                                                                           194                  147                    7                 10
   ..Chumash                                                                          39                   69                   39                 69
   ..Dakota                                                                            7                   13                  (B)                  --
   ..Cherokee                                                                        134                  122                   22                 37
   ..Paiute                                                                        1,120                  518                 153                  98
   ..Ute                                                                              19                   31                  (B)                  --
   ..Shoshoni                                                                        417                  133                   97                 59
   ..Hopi                                                                             16                   27                   16                 27
   ..Zuni                                                                             18                   34                  (B)                  --
   ..American Indian                                                                 111                  103                    2                  4
 .Hungarian                                                                        1,464                  528                 463                 219
 .Arabic                                                                           4,946                1,452               1,542                 659
 .Hebrew                                                                           1,857                  556                 455                 218
 .African languages                                                                5,849                1,282               3,136                 881
   ..Amharic                                                                       3,922                1,038               2,384                 717
   ..Cushite                                                                         273                  241                 101                 124
   ..Swahili                                                                         491                  389                 149                 247
   ..Bantu                                                                           228                  160                   47                 80
   ..Mande                                                                           311                  466                 296                 464
   ..Fulani                                                                           31                   36                  (B)                  --
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                                580                  289                 159                 129
   ..African                                                                          13                   20                  (B)                  --
 .Other and unspecified languages                                                    930                  383                 371                 225
   ..Finnish                                                                          29                   49                  (B)                  --
   ..Caucasian                                                                        88                  142                   88                142
   ..Basque                                                                          142                  120                   36                 60
   ..Syriac                                                                          516                  261                 170                 136
   ..Chibchan                                                                         24                   40                   24                 40
   ..Tupi-guarani                                                                     78                  128                   37                 61
   ..Uncodable                                                                        53                   52                   16                 27

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                       NV
                                                              Page: 152 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 36. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for New York: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than       Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                     18,224,612            1,153         2,407,848           16,652
Spoke only English at home                                        12,965,788           20,402                (X)              (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                        5,258,824           20,392         2,407,848           16,652


Spoke a language other than English at home                        5,258,824           20,392         2,407,848           16,652

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                         2,577,033            9,299         1,216,200           11,868
   ..Spanish                                                       2,577,033            9,299         1,216,200           11,868

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                      1,643,292           19,302          649,390            10,624
 .French                                                             143,762            5,898           39,164             2,498
    ..French                                                         136,724            5,847           37,525             2,530
    ..Patois                                                           7,007            1,148            1,639               524
    ..Cajun                                                               31               31               (B)                --
 .French Creole                                                      135,430            5,482           52,292             3,246
 .Italian                                                            235,045            6,645           79,455             3,377
 .Portuguese                                                          46,247            3,304           19,304             2,132
    ..Portuguese                                                      46,124            3,291           19,304             2,132
    ..Papia Mentae                                                       123              107               (B)                --
 .German                                                              71,240            3,140           13,308             1,148
    ..German                                                          71,240            3,140           13,308             1,148
 .Yiddish                                                            126,293            4,968           45,249             2,855
 .Other West Germanic languages                                       13,532            1,474            3,356               726
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                               4,470              957            1,818               541
    ..Dutch                                                            8,079              955            1,418               480
    ..Afrikaans                                                          983              335              120                85
 .Scandinavian languages                                               9,651            1,101            1,437               528
    ..Swedish                                                          3,848              645              295               207
    ..Danish                                                           1,732              365              236               121
    ..Norwegian                                                        3,245              722              542               185
    ..Icelandic                                                          799              542              364               408
    ..Faroese                                                             27               31               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                               81,020            4,139           25,792             1,771
 .Russian                                                            230,989            6,842          136,373             4,732
 .Polish                                                             105,138            5,050           50,626             3,103
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                            34,164            3,371           13,266             1,566
    ..Serbocroatian                                                   16,254            2,124            7,081             1,030
    ..Croatian                                                        11,004            1,564            4,132               715
    ..Serbian                                                          6,906            1,546            2,053               524
 .Other Slavic languages                                              38,547            2,906           16,819             1,820
    ..Bielorussian                                                       317              209              220               136
    ..Ukrainian                                                       22,462            2,142           10,794             1,526
    ..Czech                                                            3,999              777            1,392               402
    ..Slovak                                                           3,097              606              829               222
    ..Bulgarian                                                        5,600            1,133            2,339               661
    ..Macedonian                                                       2,625              807            1,145               459
    ..Slovene                                                            447              212              100                79
 .Armenian                                                             7,699            1,447            1,942               708
 .Persian                                                             27,265            2,960           12,351             1,879
 .Hindi                                                               54,940            3,285           14,741             1,630
 .Gujarati                                                            19,392            1,879            6,419               921




                                                               NY
                                                     Page: 153 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .Urdu                                               62,840       4,800          25,043        2,506
 .Other Indic languages                             129,701       6,309          65,175        4,027
                  2
   ..India n.e.c.                                     7,407       1,370           2,754          649
   ..Bengali                                         73,166       4,883          39,468        2,828
   ..Panjabi                                         34,258       3,789          16,792        2,182
   ..Marathi                                          2,585         649              456         274
   ..Oriya                                              462         308              151         165
   ..Assamese                                            42          41                12         21
   ..Kashmiri                                            78          97                27         44
   ..Nepali                                           4,289       1,400           2,480          870
   ..Sindhi                                             814         412              187         185
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                  3,228       1,173           1,781          664
   ..Sinhalese                                        3,097         916           1,067          484
   ..Romany                                             275         256               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                      70,397       4,597          27,278        2,412
   ..Jamaican Creole                                  4,387         865           1,126          341
   ..Krio                                               199         179                35         58
   ..Pidgin                                              22          36               (B)          --
   ..Gullah                                             214         348               (B)          --
   ..Catalonian                                         219         145                30         50
   ..Romanian                                        14,103       1,713           6,824        1,038
   ..Rhaeto-romanic                                      39          64               (B)          --
   ..Welsh                                              150          98               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                     3,835         735              641         353
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      57          62               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                        39,743       3,744          16,117        1,944
   ..Lithuanian                                       2,765         671              759         291
   ..Lettish                                          1,936         458              524         203
   ..Pashto                                           2,654         818           1,205          496
   ..Kurdish                                             74          74                17         29

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  786,495       8,432          458,839       7,279
 .Chinese                                           454,479       6,969          299,135       5,605
    ..Chinese                                       266,033       7,044          167,947       5,292
    ..Hakka                                             311         252              192         203
    ..Cantonese                                     100,578       5,067           67,653       3,675
    ..Mandarin                                       71,746       4,029           51,075       3,529
    ..Fuchow                                          1,886         681            1,600         590
    ..Formosan                                       12,932       1,970            9,992       1,620
    ..Wu                                                993         384              676         320
 .Japanese                                           36,068       2,234           19,770       1,577
 .Korean                                            106,949       5,066           65,342       3,816
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                3,797         811            2,032         589
 .Hmong                                                  57          81                21         40
 .Thai                                                6,545       1,169            3,540         767
 .Laotian                                             2,404         818            1,236         509
 .Vietnamese                                         22,455       2,359           13,855       1,695
 .Other Asian languages                              72,523       4,341           28,374       2,500
    ..Kazakh                                             26          36               (B)          --
    ..Karachay                                          199         237              126         162
    ..Uighur                                            323         235              129         130
    ..Azerabaijani                                      133         196                87        118
    ..Turkish                                        22,286       2,494           10,641       1,457
    ..Turkmen                                           155         255               (B)          --
    ..Mongolian                                         199         165                75        106




                                               NY
                                     Page: 154 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Tungus                                                   36          60               (B)          --
   ..Dravidian                                               192         146                30         51
   ..Telugu                                                6,887       1,245           1,218          382
   ..Kannada                                               1,507         548              282         229
   ..Malayalam                                            21,206       2,220           7,499        1,087
   ..Tamil                                                 9,456       1,440           2,140          646
   ..Munda                                                   455         261              182         178
   ..Tibetan                                               3,527         981           2,646          924
   ..Burmese                                               5,745       1,146           3,237          867
   ..Karen                                                    82         136                82        136
   ..Kachin                                                   22          36               (B)          --
   ..Miao-yao, Mien                                           87         123               (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                                 70,869       3,816          21,062        1,906
 .Other Pacific Island languages                          10,349       1,823           4,472        1,063
   ..Indonesian                                            4,517       1,168           1,963          739
   ..Achinese                                                 32          53               (B)          --
   ..Javanese                                                 61          77                47         56
   ..Malagasy                                                 97         158                21         34
   ..Malay                                                 1,537         626              818         497
   ..Bisayan                                               1,339         468              459         230
   ..Sebuano                                                 316         197                82         72
   ..Pangasinan                                               22          35                22         35
   ..Ilocano                                               1,016         481              435         315
   ..Bikol                                                    52          62                18         28
   ..Pampangan                                               324         231              164         148
   ..Chamorro                                                 42          69                27         46
   ..Kusaiean                                                 10          16               (B)          --
   ..Marshallese                                              36          59               (B)          --
   ..Ponapean                                                 40          64                40         64
   ..Melanesian                                              301         268              287         267
   ..Samoan                                                   51          54                 3           5
   ..Tongan                                                   88         101                60         92
   ..Fijian                                                   46          55                26         42
   ..Hawaiian                                                422         435               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                      252,004       9,937           83,419       5,316
 .Navajo                                                      91          71                17         29
 .Other Native North American languages                    5,063         850              545         220
   ..Aleut                                                    43          73               (B)          --
   ..Eskimo                                                    7          12                 7         12
   ..Inupik                                                   29          47               (B)          --
   ..Algonquian                                               13          16               (B)          --
   ..Cree                                                     82         114                14         24
   ..Delaware                                                  9          15               (B)          --
   ..Menomini                                                 54          90                54         90
   ..Abnaki                                                   53          80               (B)          --
   ..Potawatomi                                               43          51               (B)          --
   ..Kuchin                                                  365         262                63        104
   ..Foothill North Yokuts                                    83          98                18         29
   ..Sahaptian                                                55          91               (B)          --
   ..Mohave                                                   13          21                13         21
   ..Dakota                                                  220         170               (B)          --
   ..Choctaw                                                  64          92               (B)          --
   ..Muskogee                                                 40          43               (B)          --
   ..Keres                                                   217         183               (B)          --




                                                    NY
                                          Page: 155 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Iroquois                                                                     10                   18                 (B)                   --
     .. Mohawk                                                                    1,217                  481                  67                  56
      ..Onondaga                                                                    239                  180                   7                  14
      ..Cayuga                                                                        6                   12                 (B)                   --
      ..Seneca                                                                    1,141                  381                  88                  61
      ..Tuscarora                                                                    79                   84                  18                  27
      ..Cherokee                                                                    335                  236                  81                 133
      ..Tewa                                                                         62                  100                 (B)                   --
      ..Zuni                                                                         24                   39                 (B)                   --
      ..American Indian                                                             560                  241                115                  116
    .Hungarian                                                                   14,183                1,294             5,076                   745
    .Arabic                                                                      74,931                4,635            30,290                 2,931
    .Hebrew                                                                      73,588                4,598            16,312                 2,086
    .African languages                                                           77,528                5,674            28,582                 2,814
      ..Amharic                                                                   3,872                1,265             1,761                   740
      ..Berber                                                                      379                  302                  42                  60
      ..Chadic                                                                    1,662                  711                653                  564
      ..Cushite                                                                   3,219                1,389             2,024                 1,050
      ..Sudanic                                                                     834                  467                570                  364
      ..Nilotic                                                                      76                   78                  14                  22
      ..Swahili                                                                   2,703                  896                771                  538
      ..Bantu                                                                     2,239                  653                751                  277
      ..Mande                                                                     7,576                1,908             4,208                 1,089
      ..Fulani                                                                    7,922                1,436             5,086                 1,110
      ..Gur                                                                         442                  404                197                  240
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                         44,309                3,316            11,572                 1,456
      ..Efik                                                                        512                  265                152                  134
      ..African                                                                   1,783                  536                781                  347
    .Other and unspecified languages                                              6,620                1,187             2,597                   620
      ..Finnish                                                                   1,191                  423                261                  160
      ..Estonian                                                                    857                  320                192                  122
      ..Other Uralic languages                                                       31                   51                  31                  51
      ..Caucasian                                                                 2,465                  909             1,153                   474
      ..Basque                                                                       70                   67                 (B)                   --
      ..Syriac                                                                      402                  390                227                  245
      ..Mayan languages                                                              35                   27                  20                  27
      ..Oto - Manguen                                                                70                   85                  70                  85
      ..Quechua                                                                     120                  136                  98                 133
      ..Arawakian                                                                 1,025                  513                392                  284
      ..Tupi-guarani                                                                274                  264                153                  130
      ..Uncodable                                                                    80                   66                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        NY
                                                              Page: 156 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 37. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Ohio: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                     10,734,806            1,071          232,224             6,388
Spoke only English at home                                        10,081,548            9,941               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          653,258            9,912          232,224             6,388


Spoke a language other than English at home                          653,258            9,912          232,224             6,388

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           220,860            4,309            85,486            3,157
   ..Spanish                                                         220,860            4,309            85,486            3,157

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        271,520            6,672            82,116            3,780
 .French                                                              31,081            1,929             7,724              828
    ..French                                                          30,891            1,906             7,724              828
    ..Patois                                                             182              152                (B)               --
    ..Cajun                                                                8               20                (B)               --
 .French Creole                                                        2,303            1,019               910              525
 .Italian                                                             19,876            1,266             4,792              523
 .Portuguese                                                           3,297              731               723              314
    ..Portuguese                                                       3,273              733               723              314
    ..Papia Mentae                                                        24               32                (B)               --
 .German                                                              56,444            3,004            14,512            1,617
    ..German                                                          56,444            3,004            14,512            1,617
 .Yiddish                                                              1,115              266               165               83
 .Other West Germanic languages                                       33,120            3,195            11,397            1,761
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                              23,306            3,018             8,315            1,780
    ..Dutch                                                            9,250            1,236             2,962              710
    ..Afrikaans                                                          564              322               120              134
 .Scandinavian languages                                               2,351              697               278              189
    ..Swedish                                                          1,472              453               210              178
    ..Danish                                                             589              470                 60              57
    ..Norwegian                                                          276              125                  8               9
    ..Icelandic                                                           14               25                (B)               --
 .Greek                                                               13,157            1,855             3,540              701
 .Russian                                                             14,829            1,378             7,641            1,018
 .Polish                                                              11,533              993             3,551              567
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                            13,923            1,817             5,581              902
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    3,443            1,138             1,443              507
    ..Croatian                                                         6,401            1,135             2,536              558
    ..Serbian                                                          4,079            1,006             1,602              513
 .Other Slavic languages                                              18,251            1,617             6,534              916
    ..Bielorussian                                                       118              121                 17              28
    ..Ukrainian                                                        9,112            1,431             4,180              886
    ..Czech                                                            1,473              515               409              204
    ..Slovak                                                           2,533              499               460              162
    ..Bulgarian                                                          897              414               164              126
    ..Macedonian                                                       1,925              641               545              250
    ..Slovene                                                          2,193              439               759              237
 .Armenian                                                               447              197               166              104
 .Persian                                                              3,294              801               898              336
 .Hindi                                                               12,458            1,726             2,093              639
 .Gujarati                                                             6,482            1,180             1,799              529
 .Urdu                                                                 4,200              849               611              239




                                                              OH
                                                     Page: 157 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .Other Indic languages                              12,613       1,682           4,660          909
                  2
   ..India n.e.c.                                     2,114         744           1,224          538
   ..Bengali                                          2,597         700              899         284
   ..Panjabi                                          4,305       1,070           1,701          511
   ..Marathi                                          2,007         477              399         209
   ..Rajasthani                                         203         203                59         60
   ..Oriya                                               78          74               (B)          --
   ..Assamese                                            22          38               (B)          --
   ..Kashmiri                                            19          31               (B)          --
   ..Nepali                                             344         241              149         162
   ..Sindhi                                              40          51               (B)          --
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                     26          41                26         41
   ..Sinhalese                                          814         499              159         132
   ..Romany                                              44          71                44         71
 .Other Indo-European languages                      10,746       1,640           4,541          838
   ..Jamaican Creole                                    160         112                46         54
   ..Krio                                               205         299                43         71
   ..Pidgin                                              42          49               (B)          --
   ..Catalonian                                          55          69                39         50
   ..Romanian                                         4,943         938           2,755          716
   ..Welsh                                               38          45               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       261         140               (B)          --
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      55          51               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                         2,972       1,188           1,125          472
   ..Lithuanian                                       1,334         344              396         159
   ..Lettish                                            649         205              105          72
   ..Pashto                                              32          53                32         53

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                    98,438      2,766           44,304       2,233
 .Chinese                                             31,106      1,910           15,584       1,260
    ..Chinese                                         24,576      1,980           12,127       1,341
    ..Cantonese                                        1,821        424              841         265
    ..Mandarin                                         3,449        762            1,846         535
    ..Fuchow                                              16         26                16         26
    ..Formosan                                         1,244        370              754         307
 .Japanese                                             8,981      1,219            4,850         926
 .Korean                                               9,017      1,224            4,958         824
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                 4,380      1,251            2,533         737
 .Hmong                                                  229        301                66         80
 .Thai                                                 2,612        581            1,149         355
 .Laotian                                              2,077        701            1,117         415
 .Vietnamese                                          11,225      1,481            6,714       1,129
 .Other Asian languages                               17,307      1,922            4,084         760
    ..Uighur                                              49         58                27         43
    ..Azerabaijani                                        17         29               (B)          --
    ..Turkish                                          2,508        841            1,185         500
    ..Mongolian                                          179        157                86        101
    ..Tungus                                             104        168                52         83
    ..Telugu                                           7,153      1,301            1,678         504
    ..Kannada                                          1,103        374                49         43
    ..Malayalam                                        1,389        486              245         152
    ..Tamil                                            4,403      1,010              555         239
    ..Burmese                                            402        259              207         225
 .Tagalog                                              9,837      1,423            2,519         599
 .Other Pacific Island languages                       1,667        476              730         260




                                              OH
                                     Page: 158 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Indonesian                                             720          385              236         162
   ..Malagasy                                                77          101               (B)          --
   ..Malay                                                   62           53                32         52
   ..Bisayan                                                206          152              190         143
   ..Sebuano                                                101           85                47         79
   ..Ilocano                                                225          191              117         110
   ..Chamorro                                               117          105                 4           9
   ..Marshallese                                             14           24                14         24
   ..Samoan                                                  38           45                17         29
   ..Fijian                                                  18           30               (B)          --
   ..Hawaiian                                                89          101                73         97

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        62,440      4,162           20,318       2,449
 .Navajo                                                      180        150               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                     1,193        377              290         144
   ..Miami                                                    168        275                85        139
   ..Shawnee                                                    7         12               (B)          --
   ..Salish                                                    42         72               (B)          --
   ..Okanogan                                                  19         38               (B)          --
   ..Kuchin                                                   113        102               (B)          --
   ..Dakota                                                   229        143                28         48
   ..Choctaw                                                   89         97               (B)          --
   ..Muskogee                                                  31         50                19         31
   ..Keres                                                     65        108                43         72
   ..Cherokee                                                 195         87                76         62
   ..Pawnee                                                    14         23               (B)          --
   ..Wichita                                                   55         92               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                          166        137                39         48
 .Hungarian                                                 8,112        854            2,030         378
 .Arabic                                                   25,305      2,769            7,757       1,514
 .Hebrew                                                    2,802        647              476         220
 .African languages                                        23,983      2,640            9,368       1,660
   ..Amharic                                                3,108        803            1,384         424
   ..Chadic                                                    32         38                11         19
   ..Cushite                                                6,943      1,524            3,815       1,033
   ..Sudanic                                                  184        212              170         210
   ..Swahili                                                1,867        488              486         247
   ..Bantu                                                  1,510        516              278         183
   ..Mande                                                    590        300              411         239
   ..Fulani                                                 2,279        790            1,213         448
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                       7,155      1,183            1,517         432
   ..Efik                                                      45         52               (B)          --
   ..African                                                  270        187                83        135
 .Other and unspecified languages                             865        375              397         285
   ..Finnish                                                  337        171              148         117
   ..Estonian                                                 187        106                67         83
   ..Caucasian                                                183        229              145         199
   ..Syriac                                                    64         84               (B)          --
   ..Sonoran                                                   37         44               (B)          --
   ..Mayan languages                                           37         83                37         83
   ..Uncodable                                                 20         34               (B)          --




                                                   OH
                                          Page: 159 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                       OH
                                                              Page: 160 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 38. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Oklahoma: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      3,348,376              957          120,658             3,794
Spoke only English at home                                         3,069,427            4,716               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          278,949            4,617          120,658             3,794


Spoke a language other than English at home                          278,949            4,617          120,658             3,794

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           180,241            3,486           89,639             2,931
   ..Spanish                                                         180,241            3,486           89,639             2,931

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         32,636            2,033            7,244             1,097
 .French                                                               5,379              643            1,003               252
    ..French                                                           5,354              647            1,003               252
    ..Patois                                                              25               41               (B)                --
 .French Creole                                                          133              100                12               19
 .Italian                                                                897              210              128                84
 .Portuguese                                                           1,160              427              287               184
    ..Portuguese                                                       1,160              427              287               184
 .German                                                               9,972              958            1,485               375
    ..German                                                           9,972              958            1,485               375
 .Yiddish                                                                 86               74                22               37
 .Other West Germanic languages                                          856              247              114                92
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                 237              178                86               87
    ..Dutch                                                              478              175                14               26
    ..Afrikaans                                                          141              126                14               23
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 488              217                59               81
    ..Swedish                                                            194              132               (B)                --
    ..Danish                                                              52               55               (B)                --
    ..Norwegian                                                          174              142                59               81
    ..Icelandic                                                           68               90               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                  642              356              156               137
 .Russian                                                              2,029              804              904               501
 .Polish                                                                 427              252                61               50
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                                38               47               (B)                --
    ..Serbocroatian                                                       38               47               (B)                --
 .Other Slavic languages                                                 926              388              334               210
    ..Ukrainian                                                          184              230              111               148
    ..Czech                                                              307              132                86               63
    ..Slovak                                                              30               39               (B)                --
    ..Bulgarian                                                          338              264                88              128
    ..Macedonian                                                          49               59                49               59
    ..Slovene                                                             18               30               (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                                48               82                31               52
 .Persian                                                              1,839              716              568               316
 .Hindi                                                                1,510              448              111               149
 .Gujarati                                                             1,160              487              437               265
 .Urdu                                                                 1,314              661              253               166
 .Other Indic languages                                                2,881              791            1,004               397
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                       782              472              279               215
    ..Bengali                                                          1,005              541              428               319
    ..Panjabi                                                            102              168               (B)                --
    ..Marathi                                                            204              185                56               93




                                                               OK
                                                     Page: 161 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Oriya                                                   92          135               (B)          --
   ..Nepali                                                 531          305              175         150
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                         44           72                19         31
   ..Sinhalese                                              121          131                47         77
 .Other Indo-European languages                             851          541              275         330
   ..Krio                                                    81          117               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                                76           67                28         32
   ..Welsh                                                   65           67                14         23
   ..Irish Gaelic                                            50           75               (B)          --
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                            8          16               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                               457          481              233         328
   ..Lithuanian                                             114          127               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                         41,414      1,758           19,181       1,508
 .Chinese                                                   7,518      1,194            3,956         895
    ..Chinese                                               5,990      1,064            3,348         815
    ..Cantonese                                               505        384              244         190
    ..Mandarin                                                841        322              279         185
    ..Formosan                                                182        137                85         80
 .Japanese                                                  1,936        385              858         246
 .Korean                                                    4,743        899            2,070         435
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                        154        125              105         102
 .Hmong                                                     2,216        870              921         394
 .Thai                                                      1,355        544              537         272
 .Laotian                                                   1,329        605              585         244
 .Vietnamese                                               13,768      1,471            7,704         951
 .Other Asian languages                                     3,244        692              899         293
    ..Turkish                                                 501        216              221         133
    ..Mongolian                                               208        334              114         182
    ..Telugu                                                  487        310                13         21
    ..Malayalam                                             1,601        469              497         245
    ..Tamil                                                   447        323                54         69
 .Tagalog                                                   3,147        621              937         377
 .Other Pacific Island languages                            2,004        704              609         521
    ..Indonesian                                              450        258                57         56
    ..Malay                                                   120        103               (B)          --
    ..Bisayan                                                 232        156              141         119
    ..Sebuano                                                  24         39               (B)          --
    ..Ilocano                                                  53         57                29         49
    ..Pampangan                                                45         64                 8         13
    ..Micronesian                                              36         44                31         42
    ..Carolinian                                               14         21                14         21
    ..Chamorro                                                284        204              106         129
    ..Marshallese                                             347        492                68        443
    ..Ponapean                                                 17         26                17         26
    ..Trukese                                                  69         74                52         69
    ..Melanesian                                               39         45               (B)          --
    ..Samoan                                                   72         88                72         88
    ..Maori                                                    50         48               (B)          --
    ..Hawaiian                                                152        110                14         25

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        24,658      1,653            4,594         637
 .Navajo                                                      311        126               48          42
 .Other Native North American languages                    15,067      1,220            2,353         413
   ..Yupik                                                     29         48               29          48




                                                    OK
                                          Page: 162 of Pages: 220
                                                                         Spoke English
                                                Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                     1                            1
                                                 speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .. Arapaho                                            27          38               (B)          --
 .. Blackfoot                                          27          38               (B)          --
  ..Cheyenne                                          660         361                27         30
  ..Delaware                                            7          13               (B)          --
  ..Fox                                                62          48               (B)          --
  ..Kickapoo                                          170         106                37         51
  ..Potawatomi                                         13          24               (B)          --
  ..Shawnee                                           179         149               (B)          --
  ..Coeur D'alene                                      14          23               (B)          --
  ..Apache                                            192         161                34         43
  ..Kiowa                                             886         428              122          72
  ..Yuma                                               15          19               (B)          --
  ..Tonkawa                                            29          36               (B)          --
  ..Yuchi                                               4          10               (B)          --
  ..Crow                                               21          25               (B)          --
  ..Dakota                                             59          56                 5         10
  ..Chiwere                                            22          29               (B)          --
  ..Winnebago                                          62          62                15         24
  ..Kansa                                               5            9              (B)          --
  ..Osage                                             256         152                53         59
  ..Ponca                                             104          96                 4         11
  ..Choctaw                                         2,980         503              252          99
  ..Muskogee                                        3,425         578              669         193
  ..Keres                                             149         117                14         24
  ..Oneida                                             12          20               (B)          --
  ..Cherokee                                        4,387         592              898         243
  ..Caddo                                              51          64                12         21
  ..Pawnee                                             88         106               (B)          --
  ..Wichita                                           132         136                21         37
  ..Comanche                                          616         217                97        114
  ..Pima                                               54          61                39         45
  ..Zuni                                               17          30               (B)          --
  ..American Indian                                   313         162                25         35
.Hungarian                                            208         114                25         40
.Arabic                                             4,369         756           1,458          392
.Hebrew                                               591         328                64         80
.African languages                                  3,884         916              590         270
  ..Amharic                                           329         279              226         165
  ..Chadic                                             37          43                17         29
  ..Cushite                                            33          67               (B)          --
  ..Swahili                                           802         516               (B)          --
  ..Bantu                                             563         369                75         75
  ..Mande                                             113          87               (B)          --
  ..Fulani                                            105         150                58         85
  ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                1,815         622              183         129
  ..Efik                                               52          49               (B)          --
  ..African                                            35          54                31         52
.Other and unspecified languages                      228         150                56         47
  ..Finnish                                            22          30                 5           9
  ..Estonian                                           13          22                13         22
  ..Syriac                                             40          64               (B)          --
  ..Aztecan                                            14          25                14         25
  ..Mayan languages                                    71          68                13         22
  ..Uncodable                                          68          65                11         18




                                             OK
                                   Page: 163 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        OK
                                                              Page: 164 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 39. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Oregon: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      3,498,022              688          227,081             4,693
Spoke only English at home                                         3,004,509            6,108               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          493,513            6,059          227,081             4,693


Spoke a language other than English at home                          493,513            6,059          227,081             4,693

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           296,058            4,467          153,153             4,427
   ..Spanish                                                         296,058            4,467          153,153             4,427

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         89,047            4,156            26,079            1,968
 .French                                                              10,687            1,106             1,555              323
    ..French                                                          10,687            1,106             1,555              323
 .French Creole                                                          321              187               112               87
 .Italian                                                              3,212              605               354              183
 .Portuguese                                                           1,744              457               486              242
    ..Portuguese                                                       1,744              457               486              242
 .German                                                              17,440            1,353             1,966              337
    ..German                                                          17,440            1,353             1,966              337
 .Yiddish                                                                139              110                 26              42
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        2,145              532               206              103
    ..Dutch                                                            2,052              515               206              103
    ..Afrikaans                                                           37               39                (B)               --
    ..Frisian                                                             56               53                (B)               --
 .Scandinavian languages                                               2,971              767               304              127
    ..Swedish                                                          1,738              623               172              105
    ..Danish                                                             542              208                 53              44
    ..Norwegian                                                          691              267                 79              67
 .Greek                                                                  806              267               231              131
 .Russian                                                             20,958            2,662            10,922            1,472
 .Polish                                                               1,156              322               402              203
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             1,519              626               580              306
    ..Serbocroatian                                                      639              343               355              225
    ..Croatian                                                           773              410               201              152
    ..Serbian                                                            107               80                 24              39
 .Other Slavic languages                                               6,872            1,515             3,644            1,010
    ..Ukrainian                                                        5,261            1,476             3,143              953
    ..Czech                                                              664              216               103               85
    ..Slovak                                                             571              407               320              356
    ..Bulgarian                                                          376              267                 78             104
 .Armenian                                                               352              217               143              123
 .Persian                                                              3,594            1,286             1,115              458
 .Hindi                                                                3,847              881               582              317
 .Gujarati                                                               870              386               225              183
 .Urdu                                                                   341              196                 44              72
 .Other Indic languages                                                3,473              833               699              252
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                       306              306                 89             101
    ..Bengali                                                            620              298               134               94
    ..Panjabi                                                          1,213              577               337              234
    ..Marathi                                                            552              267                 51              63
    ..Oriya                                                              105              124                (B)               --
    ..Kashmiri                                                            73              117                 28              45




                                                               OR
                                                     Page: 165 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Nepali                                             288         201                60         74
   ..Sinhalese                                          145         158               (B)          --
   ..Romany                                             171         258               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                       6,600       1,437           2,483          705
   ..Jamaican Creole                                     22          37               (B)          --
   ..Saramacca                                           42          71               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                         5,187       1,302           2,033          609
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       396         226                15         32
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      31          36               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                           361         386              148         220
   ..Lithuanian                                         238         183                65         80
   ..Lettish                                            280         246              179         180
   ..Kurdish                                             43          50                43         50

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                    91,807      2,785           43,446       1,699
 .Chinese                                             22,171      2,276           11,712       1,450
    ..Chinese                                         15,157      1,761            7,601       1,014
    ..Hakka                                               31         47                31         47
    ..Cantonese                                        4,281      1,099            3,066         851
    ..Mandarin                                         2,039        589              758         364
    ..Formosan                                           663        435              256         206
 .Japanese                                            11,162      1,400            3,590         656
 .Korean                                              12,239      1,792            6,914       1,142
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                 2,021        634            1,334         531
 .Hmong                                                1,580        792              412         236
 .Thai                                                 2,576        790            1,107         390
 .Laotian                                              2,264        944            1,198         530
 .Vietnamese                                          18,999      2,215           11,249       1,367
 .Other Asian languages                                5,810      1,155            1,674         594
    ..Kazakh                                             135        217               (B)          --
    ..Uighur                                              24         44                24         44
    ..Turkish                                            509        267              114         105
    ..Dravidian                                          128        210               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                           1,431        601              608         403
    ..Kannada                                            477        199                52         86
    ..Malayalam                                          470        292              121         150
    ..Tamil                                              944        409                29         48
    ..Tibetan                                            341        199              131         107
    ..Burmese                                             57         56                13         21
    ..Karen                                               17         28               (B)          --
    ..Miao-yao, Mien                                   1,277        681              582         418
 .Tagalog                                              8,018      1,190            2,458         577
 .Other Pacific Island languages                       4,967        856            1,798         584
    ..Indonesian                                         485        277              160         153
    ..Malay                                               85         94               (B)          --
    ..Bisayan                                             99        107                50         83
    ..Sebuano                                            354        263              137         161
    ..Ilocano                                            177        147                31         35
    ..Bikol                                               42         67                42         67
    ..Pampangan                                          306        401              120         142
    ..Micronesian                                         96        128               (B)          --
    ..Chamorro                                           537        266                45         58
    ..Marshallese                                        466        389              306         304
    ..Palau                                               50         60                19         30
    ..Trukese                                            824        443              486         378




                                               OR
                                     Page: 166 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Yapese                                                 142          192                73        107
   ..Polynesian                                              15           24               (B)          --
   ..Samoan                                                 493          238              166         129
   ..Tongan                                                 404          312              132         144
   ..Fijian                                                  31           41                 7         13
   ..Maori                                                   10           19               (B)          --
   ..Hawaiian                                               351          204                24         39

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        16,601      2,276            4,403         911
 .Navajo                                                      494        274              116         176
 .Other Native North American languages                     2,221        535              148          76
   ..Blackfoot                                                 58         63               (B)          --
   ..Cree                                                     138        205               (B)          --
   ..Ojibwa                                                    21         34               (B)          --
   ..Shawnee                                                    8         14               (B)          --
   ..Haida                                                     23         38                23         38
   ..Athapascan                                                82        116               (B)          --
   ..Koyukon                                                    5          8               (B)          --
   ..Apache                                                    37         61               (B)          --
   ..Tlingit                                                   11         22               (B)          --
   ..Klamath                                                   61         58               (B)          --
   ..Nez Perce                                                 16         21               (B)          --
   ..Sahaptian                                                828        416                36         27
   ..Upper Chinook                                             21         21                 6         10
   ..Karok                                                      4          8               (B)          --
   ..Dakota                                                   303        259                21         34
   ..Winnebago                                                 55         92               (B)          --
   ..Ponca                                                     18         23                 5          9
   ..Choctaw                                                   33         38                15         24
   ..Cherokee                                                  67         56                11         20
   ..Comanche                                                  16         25               (B)          --
   ..Paiute                                                   138         86                26         43
   ..Northern Paiute                                           12         21               (B)          --
   ..Chinook Jargon                                            22         26               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                          244        154                 5          9
 .Hungarian                                                   867        330              259         144
 .Arabic                                                    5,601      1,507            1,329         483
 .Hebrew                                                      886        301              193         117
 .African languages                                         5,206      1,181            1,849         543
   ..Amharic                                                1,088        629              581         351
   ..Chadic                                                    38         46                19         33
   ..Cushite                                                2,619      1,086              850         470
   ..Swahili                                                  486        326              164         175
   ..Bantu                                                    189        150                62         70
   ..Mande                                                     67         83                67         83
   ..Fulani                                                    83        122               (B)          --
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                         491        299                57         76
   ..Efik                                                      68         84                32         54
   ..African                                                   77         99                17         28
 .Other and unspecified languages                           1,326        507              509         441
   ..Finnish                                                  692        213              113          82
   ..Estonian                                                  38         44               (B)          --
   ..Caucasian                                                121        150                57         73
   ..Basque                                                    40         45               (B)          --
   ..Syriac                                                    29         47               (B)          --




                                                    OR
                                          Page: 167 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..Aztecan                                                                       13                    21                  13                  21
    ..Mayan languages                                                              284                   415                284                  415
    ..Oto - Manguen                                                                 42                    56                  42                  56
    ..Uncodable                                                                     67                    60                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        OR
                                                              Page: 168 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 40. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Pennsylvania:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                     11,686,497              744          408,019             6,439
Spoke only English at home                                        10,593,911           10,082               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                        1,092,586           10,069          408,019             6,439


Spoke a language other than English at home                        1,092,586           10,069          408,019             6,439

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           438,748            5,157          173,537             4,299
   ..Spanish                                                         438,748            5,157          173,537             4,299

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        417,936            7,919          126,873             3,888
 .French                                                              39,933            2,334            9,129               940
    ..French                                                          38,792            2,285            8,991               926
    ..Patois                                                           1,141              412              138               139
 .French Creole                                                       12,896            1,956            3,779               883
 .Italian                                                             53,698            2,536           14,771             1,276
 .Portuguese                                                          12,082            1,679            5,297             1,068
    ..Portuguese                                                      12,011            1,697            5,297             1,068
    ..Papia Mentae                                                        71              120               (B)                --
 .German                                                              57,016            2,926           11,063               969
    ..German                                                          57,002            2,926           11,063               969
    ..Luxembourgian                                                       14               25               (B)                --
 .Yiddish                                                              1,730              402              122                76
 .Other West Germanic languages                                       56,701            3,609           18,570             1,584
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                              46,172            3,282           15,409             1,466
    ..Dutch                                                            9,903            1,473            3,126               647
    ..Afrikaans                                                          571              265                20               31
    ..Frisian                                                             55               58                15               25
 .Scandinavian languages                                               3,118              578              311               137
    ..Swedish                                                          1,586              354              151                92
    ..Danish                                                             662              282                59               57
    ..Norwegian                                                          720              321              101                80
    ..Icelandic                                                          116               91               (B)                --
    ..Faroese                                                             34               42               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                               14,178            1,610            3,875               675
 .Russian                                                             32,679            2,861           15,362             1,884
 .Polish                                                              26,676            1,990            8,393               993
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             8,544            1,173            3,335               702
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    4,585            1,017            1,853               511
    ..Croatian                                                         2,217              578              813               339
    ..Serbian                                                          1,742              431              669               292
 .Other Slavic languages                                              18,119            1,659            6,235               987
    ..Bielorussian                                                        21               35               (B)                --
    ..Ukrainian                                                       10,188            1,319            4,006               934
    ..Czech                                                              804              234              245               175
    ..Lusatian                                                            96               63                 5                9
    ..Slovak                                                           4,508              543              829               273
    ..Bulgarian                                                        1,750              545              882               363
    ..Macedonian                                                         250              173              113               100
    ..Slovene                                                            502              217              155               111
 .Armenian                                                             1,894              576              629               269
 .Persian                                                              3,705              768            1,102               389




                                                               PA
                                                     Page: 169 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .Hindi                                              16,330       1,656           3,424          622
 .Gujarati                                           14,980       1,987           5,992        1,046
 .Urdu                                                8,799       1,709           2,932          841
 .Other Indic languages                              17,094       2,004           5,844        1,014
                  2
   ..India n.e.c.                                     5,186       1,263           2,052          739
   ..Bengali                                          4,751       1,019           1,902          551
   ..Panjabi                                          3,013         624           1,105          304
   ..Marathi                                          2,001         541                45         53
   ..Rajasthani                                          91         157               (B)          --
   ..Oriya                                               86         106               (B)          --
   ..Kashmiri                                            55          92                26         44
   ..Nepali                                             672         278              350         230
   ..Sindhi                                             438         339                38         43
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                    450         243              240         226
   ..Sinhalese                                          275         160                49         53
   ..Romany                                              76          77                37         56
 .Other Indo-European languages                      17,764       2,184           6,708        1,168
   ..Jamaican Creole                                    856         527              362         323
   ..Krio                                               554         375              111          97
   ..Catalonian                                         245         202               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                         5,085         937           1,818          473
   ..Welsh                                               89          53                12         21
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       951         295              131          99
   ..Albanian                                         6,771       1,879           3,546        1,002
   ..Lithuanian                                       1,910         508              382         164
   ..Lettish                                            833         254              140         133
   ..Pashto                                             150         174                83        139
   ..Kurdish                                            320         237              123         127

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  178,918       4,374           91,290       3,464
 .Chinese                                            59,127       3,232           33,610       2,523
    ..Chinese                                        46,872       3,069           26,661       2,370
    ..Hakka                                              39          54                39         54
    ..Cantonese                                       4,804         892            2,823         702
    ..Mandarin                                        6,148       1,132            3,388         803
    ..Fuchow                                             13          22                13         22
    ..Formosan                                        1,228         380              686         230
    ..Wu                                                 23          38               (B)          --
 .Japanese                                            7,111       1,119            2,252         406
 .Korean                                             26,667       2,399           15,513       1,463
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                8,803       1,858            5,150       1,090
 .Hmong                                                 663         401              303         228
 .Thai                                                1,799         424              920         276
 .Laotian                                             2,083         905            1,124         661
 .Vietnamese                                         29,669       2,711           17,920       1,666
 .Other Asian languages                              25,758       2,417            8,958       1,231
    ..Kazakh                                             31          51                31         51
    ..Kirghiz                                            62          99                29         46
    ..Karachay                                            5           8               (B)          --
    ..Uighur                                            261         292              190         277
    ..Azerabaijani                                       35          56                17         27
    ..Turkish                                         4,354         900            1,938         660
    ..Mongolian                                          76          63                22         40
    ..Dravidian                                          85          96               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                          5,140         863            1,062         393




                                               PA
                                     Page: 170 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Kannada                                                 968         409                92         88
   ..Malayalam                                             9,518       1,550           4,509          963
   ..Tamil                                                 4,209         943              576         287
   ..Munda                                                   158         145                25         34
   ..Tibetan                                                 182         204              134         190
   ..Burmese                                                 597         363              299         290
   ..Kachin                                                   53          85                34         53
   ..Miao-yao, Mien                                           24          40               (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                                 13,291       1,399           3,557          615
 .Other Pacific Island languages                           3,947         877           1,983          631
   ..Indonesian                                            2,696         825           1,726          617
   ..Malagasy                                                 13          27               (B)          --
   ..Malay                                                   386         264                68         64
   ..Bisayan                                                  51          37                11         16
   ..Sebuano                                                  76          99                23         37
   ..Ilocano                                                 137          97                 9         16
   ..Chamorro                                                 45          47               (B)          --
   ..Marshallese                                              69         105               (B)          --
   ..Mokilese                                                 57          97                17         31
   ..Trukese                                                  33          56               (B)          --
   ..Melanesian                                               15          26               (B)          --
   ..Samoan                                                   91          97                32         54
   ..Tongan                                                   68          70                68         70
   ..Fijian                                                   84         134               (B)          --
   ..Rarotongan                                                3          12               (B)          --
   ..Hawaiian                                                123          79                29         47

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        56,984      4,101           16,319       1,811
 .Navajo                                                       19         24               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                       837        379              251         267
   ..Yupik                                                     46         76               (B)          --
   ..Blackfoot                                                 20         33               (B)          --
   ..Delaware                                                  18         31               (B)          --
   ..Ojibwa                                                    48         55               (B)          --
   ..Apache                                                    11         20               (B)          --
   ..Nez Perce                                                 13         23               (B)          --
   ..Karok                                                    157        234               (B)          --
   ..Washo                                                      4          8               (B)          --
   ..Dakota                                                    50         51               (B)          --
   ..Muskogee                                                  18         29                18         29
   ..Oneida                                                   162        255              162         255
   ..Seneca                                                    77         76                64         75
   ..Cherokee                                                  49         47               (B)          --
   ..Comanche                                                  28         48               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                          136        117                 7         12
 .Hungarian                                                 3,720        549            1,029         255
 .Arabic                                                   25,140      2,689            8,585       1,543
 .Hebrew                                                    6,972      1,184            1,338         586
 .African languages                                        18,664      2,087            4,696         823
   ..Amharic                                                1,902        712              726         401
   ..Berber                                                    95        129                83        124
   ..Chadic                                                   109        101                43         44
   ..Cushite                                                  188        153                28         31
   ..Sudanic                                                  682        453              354         289
   ..Nilotic                                                  331        397              170         220




                                                    PA
                                          Page: 171 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Nilo-hamitic                                                                 15                   26                  15                  26
     .. Swahili                                                                   2,368                  620                622                  416
      ..Bantu                                                                     2,069                  658                163                  139
      ..Mande                                                                     1,587                  718                275                  151
      ..Fulani                                                                      357                  275                176                  177
      ..Gur                                                                          44                   53                 (B)                   --
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                          7,694                1,334             1,733                   408
      ..Efik                                                                        235                  191                 (B)                   --
      ..African                                                                     988                  562                308                  348
    .Other and unspecified languages                                              1,632                  560                420                  209
      ..Finnish                                                                     521                  325                  43                  42
      ..Estonian                                                                    214                  130                  22                  28
      ..Caucasian                                                                   362                  256                261                  193
      ..Syriac                                                                       29                   47                 (B)                   --
      ..Mayan languages                                                             121                   86                  72                  71
      ..Mapuche                                                                     178                  283                 (B)                   --
      ..Oto - Manguen                                                                22                   36                  22                  36
      ..Quechua                                                                      49                   82                 (B)                   --
      ..Tupi-guarani                                                                 19                   33                 (B)                   --
      ..Uncodable                                                                   117                   98                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        PA
                                                              Page: 172 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 41. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Puerto Rico:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than         Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                       3,695,811               15        3,000,975             8,597
Spoke only English at home                                            174,269            4,581               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                         3,521,542            4,577        3,000,975             8,597


Spoke a language other than English at home                         3,521,542            4,577        3,000,975             8,597

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                          3,517,228            4,703        2,998,937             8,602
   ..Spanish                                                        3,517,228            4,703        2,998,937             8,602

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                           3,176              532             1,222              307
 .French                                                                1,047              283               237              101
    ..French                                                            1,047              283               237              101
 .French Creole                                                           173              146                 27              46
 .Italian                                                                 499              197               177               94
 .Portuguese                                                              662              258               476              234
    ..Portuguese                                                          662              258               476              234
 .German                                                                  435              224               160              114
    ..German                                                              435              224               160              114
 .Yiddish                                                                   44              50                (B)               --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                             22              26                (B)               --
    ..Dutch                                                                 22              26                (B)               --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                    68              99                 68              99
    ..Swedish                                                               68              99                 68              99
 .Greek                                                                     31              51                (B)               --
 .Russian                                                                  (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Polish                                                                    46              52                (B)               --
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                                 (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Other Slavic languages                                                   (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Armenian                                                                 (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Persian                                                                  (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Hindi                                                                     46              54                 20              34
 .Gujarati                                                                 (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Urdu                                                                     (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Other Indic languages                                                     22              36                 22              36
    ..Panjabi                                                               22              36                 22              36
 .Other Indo-European languages                                             81              73                 35              44
    ..Catalonian                                                            50              62                 19              33
    ..Irish Gaelic                                                          15              25                (B)               --
    ..Lithuanian                                                            16              27                 16              27

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                                        801              379              569               352
 .Chinese                                                                 664              360              532               348
   ..Chinese                                                              467              311              354               284
   ..Cantonese                                                            178              199              178               199
   ..Mandarin                                                               19              33               (B)                --
 .Japanese                                                                  44              42               (B)                --
 .Korean                                                                   (B)               --              (B)                --
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                                     (B)               --              (B)                --
 .Hmong                                                                    (B)               --              (B)                --
 .Thai                                                                      12              19               (B)                --
 .Laotian                                                                  (B)               --              (B)                --




                                                                PR
                                                      Page: 173 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    .Vietnamese                                                                     (B)                    --                (B)                   --
    .Other Asian languages                                                           22                   36                 (B)                   --
       ..Tamil                                                                       22                   36                 (B)                   --
    .Tagalog                                                                         46                   53                  24                  40
    .Other Pacific Island languages                                                  13                   23                  13                  23
       ..Samoan                                                                      13                   23                  13                  23

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                                                   337                 229                 247                 183
 .Navajo                                                                               (B)                  --                 (B)                  --
 .Other Native North American languages                                                 46                 75                   46                 75
   ..Muskogee                                                                           46                 75                   46                 75
 .Hungarian                                                                            (B)                  --                 (B)                  --
 .Arabic                                                                              262                 216                 201                 166
 .Hebrew                                                                               (B)                  --                 (B)                  --
 .African languages                                                                     13                 22                  (B)                  --
   ..Amharic                                                                            13                 22                  (B)                  --
 .Other and unspecified languages                                                       16                 27                  (B)                  --
   ..Uncodable                                                                          16                 27                  (B)                  --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        PR
                                                              Page: 174 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 42. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Rhode Island:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                        993,514               349           86,394             3,020
Spoke only English at home                                           790,938             4,215               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          202,576             4,193           86,394             3,020


Spoke a language other than English at home                          202,576             4,193           86,394             3,020

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                             98,406            1,842           49,473             2,189
   ..Spanish                                                           98,406            1,842           49,473             2,189

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                          78,137            3,624           25,745             1,842
 .French                                                               14,197            1,306            2,637               549
    ..French                                                           14,175            1,315            2,637               549
    ..Patois                                                                22              36               (B)                --
 .French Creole                                                         5,757              989            2,000               521
 .Italian                                                               9,684            1,360            2,470               550
 .Portuguese                                                           33,785            2,723           14,193             1,293
    ..Portuguese                                                       33,785            2,723           14,193             1,293
 .German                                                                2,028              495              233               108
    ..German                                                            2,028              495              233               108
 .Yiddish                                                                   76              99                59               97
 .Other West Germanic languages                                           239              198                14               23
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                    26              30                14               23
    ..Dutch                                                               181              192               (B)                --
    ..Afrikaans                                                             32              36               (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                  586              223              142               121
    ..Swedish                                                             333              155              123               110
    ..Danish                                                              174              128                19               32
    ..Norwegian                                                             79              81               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                 1,591              562              384               215
 .Russian                                                               1,728              476              589               226
 .Polish                                                                2,794              612              862               269
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                                 (B)               --              (B)                --
 .Other Slavic languages                                                  286              129                76               64
    ..Ukrainian                                                           108               77                25               42
    ..Czech                                                                 72              60                21               34
    ..Slovak                                                                50              50                14               23
    ..Bulgarian                                                             56              67                16               27
 .Armenian                                                              1,913              923              740               715
 .Persian                                                                   82              90                50               82
 .Hindi                                                                   745              303              253               196
 .Gujarati                                                                720              445              400               337
 .Urdu                                                                    364              290                59               87
 .Other Indic languages                                                 1,028              546              426               382
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                        150              218                40               59
    ..Bengali                                                               78             105               (B)                --
    ..Panjabi                                                               22              37                22               37
    ..Marathi                                                               79             113               (B)                --
    ..Oriya                                                                 11              26               (B)                --
    ..Nepali                                                              283              186                71              114
                      2
    ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                                     332              400              293               349
    ..Sinhalese                                                             73             101               (B)                --




                                                                RI
                                                      Page: 175 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .   Other Indo-European languages                          534          191              158         103
      ..Krio                                                 30           50               (B)          --
      ..Romanian                                            217          162              112          97
      ..Irish Gaelic                                         40           66               (B)          --
      ..Albanian                                             55           54               (B)          --
      ..Lithuanian                                          127           85                32         41
      ..Lettish                                              65           65                14         24

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                         19,417      1,221            9,011       1,090
 .Chinese                                                   6,208      1,069            3,239         745
    ..Chinese                                               4,598      1,031            2,461         702
    ..Cantonese                                               870        442              414         339
    ..Mandarin                                                487        378              136         171
    ..Formosan                                                253        363              228         361
 .Japanese                                                    721        301              108          88
 .Korean                                                    1,317        591              693         331
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                      4,043        985            1,852         522
 .Hmong                                                       987        506              447         308
 .Thai                                                        290        224              227         210
 .Laotian                                                   2,058        793            1,030         474
 .Vietnamese                                                  781        464              527         367
 .Other Asian languages                                       915        321              133          95
    ..Turkish                                                 346        184                72         60
    ..Dravidian                                                24         40               (B)          --
    ..Telugu                                                  140        139               (B)          --
    ..Kannada                                                  71        119               (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                                24         42               (B)          --
    ..Tamil                                                   223        144                29         46
    ..Karen                                                    87        102                32         52
 .Tagalog                                                   1,759        539              645         337
 .Other Pacific Island languages                              338        223              110         122
    ..Malay                                                   113        134                64        106
    ..Bisayan                                                  45         55               (B)          --
    ..Pampangan                                               117        151               (B)          --
    ..Chamorro                                                 40         61                23         42
    ..Hawaiian                                                 23         37                23         37

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                         6,616      1,164            2,165         622
 .Navajo                                                       41         47               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                       147        113                74         86
   ..Algonquian                                                52         68               (B)          --
   ..Diegueno                                                  41         75                41         75
   ..American Indian                                           54         68                33         57
 .Hungarian                                                   170        146                50         58
 .Arabic                                                    1,679        520              433         225
 .Hebrew                                                      345        198                11         18
 .African languages                                         4,033      1,008            1,597         580
   ..Amharic                                                  135        120                47         77
   ..Swahili                                                  129         97                66         89
   ..Bantu                                                    247        330              193         323
   ..Mande                                                    936        496              586         405
   ..Fulani                                                   527        348                79         81
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                       1,896        714              558         312
   ..Efik                                                      95        155               (B)          --
   ..African                                                   68         85                68         85




                                                    RI
                                          Page: 176 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    .   Other and unspecified languages                                            201                   118                 (B)                   --
         ..Finnish                                                                  23                    37                 (B)                   --
         ..Estonian                                                                 49                    49                 (B)                   --
         ..Uncodable                                                               129                   103                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        RI
                                                              Page: 177 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 43. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for South Carolina:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                  1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"            Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                       4,107,268              830          111,185             3,231
Spoke only English at home                                          3,863,249            4,176               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                           244,019            4,058          111,185             3,231


Spoke a language other than English at home                          244,019             4,058          111,185             3,231

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           148,295             2,892           81,707             2,249
   ..Spanish                                                         148,295             2,892           81,707             2,249

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                          56,285            2,982           13,628             1,601
 .French                                                               13,142            1,240            2,218               440
    ..French                                                           12,915            1,227            2,218               440
    ..Patois                                                              211              183               (B)                --
    ..Cajun                                                                16               28               (B)                --
 .French Creole                                                           778              357              297               176
 .Italian                                                               2,644              472              448               159
 .Portuguese                                                            2,821              739              976               452
    ..Portuguese                                                        2,802              740              976               452
    ..Papia Mentae                                                         19               30               (B)                --
 .German                                                               12,736            1,301            2,272               482
    ..German                                                           12,736            1,301            2,272               482
 .Yiddish                                                                  83               92               (B)                --
 .Other West Germanic languages                                         1,472              473                50               56
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                  112               89                18               29
    ..Dutch                                                               718              306                32               47
    ..Afrikaans                                                           608              356               (B)                --
    ..Frisian                                                              34               56               (B)                --
 .Scandinavian languages                                                  668              328                86               86
    ..Swedish                                                             258              133                86               86
    ..Danish                                                              117               91               (B)                --
    ..Norwegian                                                           293              275               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                 2,841              781              687               330
 .Russian                                                               3,431              932            1,304               496
 .Polish                                                                1,693              480              706               339
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                                496              241                54               56
    ..Serbocroatian                                                       254              180                12               21
    ..Croatian                                                            157              164                21               38
    ..Serbian                                                              85               70                21               35
 .Other Slavic languages                                                2,416              625            1,049               343
    ..Ukrainian                                                         1,126              459              695               293
    ..Czech                                                               169              124               (B)                --
    ..Slovak                                                              300              134              108                94
    ..Bulgarian                                                           799              407              246               170
    ..Slovene                                                              22               35               (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                                118              125               (B)                --
 .Persian                                                                 543              263              139               102
 .Hindi                                                                 2,673              771              512               277
 .Gujarati                                                              2,229              751              713               360
 .Urdu                                                                    852              369              108               123
 .Other Indic languages                                                 2,975              926            1,418               771
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                        872              463              294               273




                                                                SC
                                                      Page: 178 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Bengali                                            380         276              250         236
   ..Panjabi                                            577         368              301         203
   ..Marathi                                            478         266                41         66
   ..Nepali                                              49          79                25         42
   ..Sindhi                                              13          21               (B)          --
                     2
   ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                    477         666              477         666
   ..Sinhalese                                          101         129                30         54
   ..Romany                                              28          44               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                       1,674         608              591         462
   ..Jamaican Creole                                    115          94                 7         13
   ..Gullah                                             108          97                18         32
   ..Romanian                                           895         513              342         418
   ..Welsh                                               23          40               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       107          80                35         42
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      41          49               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                           238         164              159         132
   ..Lithuanian                                          88          88                30         49
   ..Lettish                                             59          72               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                    31,276      2,095           13,515       1,375
 .Chinese                                              7,469      1,154            4,139         919
    ..Chinese                                          5,681      1,024            3,385         873
    ..Cantonese                                          377        241              123         114
    ..Mandarin                                         1,023        474              392         273
    ..Formosan                                           388        208              239         148
 .Japanese                                             2,489        587              955         367
 .Korean                                               2,550        497            1,140         322
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                 1,056        436              380         197
 .Hmong                                                  701        404              161         130
 .Thai                                                   637        239              297         160
 .Laotian                                              1,066        373              586         273
 .Vietnamese                                           5,509      1,166            3,637         976
 .Other Asian languages                                2,769        884              430         222
    ..Turkish                                            703        363              125         120
    ..Telugu                                             934        463              152         104
    ..Kannada                                             55         66               (B)          --
    ..Malayalam                                          235        236                28         46
    ..Tamil                                              832        490              125         178
    ..Miao-yao, Mien                                      10         18               (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                              6,379        944            1,608         361
 .Other Pacific Island languages                         651        245              182          87
    ..Indonesian                                         135        115                42         68
    ..Balinese                                            12         19                12         19
    ..Bisayan                                             42         54                17         29
    ..Sebuano                                             18         31               (B)          --
    ..Ilocano                                             76         72                53         56
    ..Chamorro                                           190        171               (B)          --
    ..Palau                                               39         47                39         47
    ..Trukese                                              3          8                 2          5
    ..Samoan                                             102         85                17         27
    ..Tongan                                               4          5               (B)          --
    ..Maori                                               15         22               (B)          --
    ..Hawaiian                                            15         24               (B)          --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                    8,163      1,335            2,335         516




                                               SC
                                     Page: 179 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    .Navajo                                                                           6                   11                 (B)                   --
    .Other Native North American languages                                          287                  129                  37                  41
      ..Micmac                                                                       33                   57                 (B)                   --
      ..Abnaki                                                                        4                     7                (B)                   --
      ..Athapascan                                                                   27                   32                 (B)                   --
      ..Dakota                                                                       83                   69                  20                  33
      ..Cherokee                                                                     90                   62                  17                  27
      ..American Indian                                                              21                   36                 (B)                   --
      ..Chiricahua                                                                   29                   48                 (B)                   --
    .Hungarian                                                                      701                  299                156                  130
    .Arabic                                                                       4,121                1,074             1,291                   445
    .Hebrew                                                                         701                  375                188                  195
    .African languages                                                            1,914                  591                424                  245
      ..Amharic                                                                     369                  276                163                  166
      ..Berber                                                                       15                   25                 (B)                   --
      ..Chadic                                                                        9                   17                 (B)                   --
      ..Sudanic                                                                      72                   79                 (B)                   --
      ..Swahili                                                                     252                  214                  28                  37
      ..Bantu                                                                       131                  109                 (B)                   --
      ..Mande                                                                        29                   46                 (B)                   --
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                            860                  481                194                  242
      ..Efik                                                                         56                   65                 (B)                   --
      ..African                                                                     121                  128                  39                  63
    .Other and unspecified languages                                                433                  222                239                  179
      ..Finnish                                                                     140                  127                  34                  55
      ..Estonian                                                                     88                   75                  44                  55
      ..Mayan languages                                                             139                  155                139                  155
      ..Uncodable                                                                    66                   63                  22                  36

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        SC
                                                              Page: 180 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 44. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for South Dakota:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                        739,597              495            13,540            1,399
Spoke only English at home                                           692,576            2,213                (X)              (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                           47,021            2,178            13,540            1,399


Spoke a language other than English at home                           47,021            2,178            13,540            1,399

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                            13,677              963             5,492              780
   ..Spanish                                                          13,677              963             5,492              780

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         15,899            1,285             4,467              817
 .French                                                                 816              247               167              106
    ..French                                                             816              247               167              106
 .French Creole                                                           (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Italian                                                                203              115                (B)               --
 .Portuguese                                                               63              68                 15              24
    ..Portuguese                                                           63              68                 15              24
 .German                                                              10,219              969             2,526              489
    ..German                                                          10,219              969             2,526              489
 .Yiddish                                                                   8              14                  8              14
 .Other West Germanic languages                                          332              194                 95              93
    ..Dutch                                                              231              130                 51              63
    ..Afrikaans                                                          101              131                 44              68
 .Scandinavian languages                                                 688              199                 67              42
    ..Swedish                                                            142               94                (B)               --
    ..Danish                                                             177               83                 18              17
    ..Norwegian                                                          369              162                 49              40
 .Greek                                                                    76              64                (B)               --
 .Russian                                                                802              407               314              237
 .Polish                                                                   87              67                 17              20
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                               765              510               666              478
    ..Serbocroatian                                                      489              302               390              254
    ..Croatian                                                           276              399               276              399
 .Other Slavic languages                                                 736              280               229              145
    ..Ukrainian                                                          173              158               136              136
    ..Czech                                                              557              233                 87              60
    ..Slovak                                                                6              10                  6              10
 .Armenian                                                                (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Persian                                                                  27              44                (B)               --
 .Hindi                                                                  211              160                 68              68
 .Gujarati                                                                (B)               --               (B)               --
 .Urdu                                                                     73             157                (B)               --
 .Other Indic languages                                                  399              238                 80              90
                   2
    ..India n.e.c.                                                       167              144                 39              64
    ..Bengali                                                            101              117                 41              68
    ..Marathi                                                              16              25                (B)               --
    ..Nepali                                                             103              164                (B)               --
                      2
    ..Pakistan n.e.c.                                                      12              20                (B)               --
 .Other Indo-European languages                                          394              233               215              195
    ..Jamaican Creole                                                      26              45                (B)               --
    ..Romanian                                                           206              130                 70              68
    ..Irish Gaelic                                                         13              21                 13              21




                                                               SD
                                                     Page: 181 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Lithuanian                                                3            7              (B)          --
   ..Lettish                                                 38           45                24         40
   ..Kurdish                                                108          174              108         174

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                          4,136        652            1,577         337
 .Chinese                                                     801        329              423         247
    ..Chinese                                                 719        321              395         245
    ..Cantonese                                                76         80                28         44
    ..Mandarin                                                  6         10               (B)          --
 .Japanese                                                    270        159                96         99
 .Korean                                                      243        113              100          85
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                          6         11               (B)          --
 .Hmong                                                       151        264                30         54
 .Thai                                                        156        161                63         81
 .Laotian                                                     153        115                57         66
 .Vietnamese                                                1,152        475              309         170
 .Other Asian languages                                       110         99                17         32
    ..Mongolian                                                17         32                17         32
    ..Telugu                                                   52         68               (B)          --
    ..Tamil                                                    41         72               (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                                     977        327              445         213
 .Other Pacific Island languages                              117         89                37         41
    ..Indonesian                                                8         13                 8         13
    ..Bisayan                                                  86         73                 6         10
    ..Samoan                                                   23         37                23         37

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                        13,309      1,358            2,004         671
 .Navajo                                                      120         88               (B)          --
 .Other Native North American languages                    11,458      1,064            1,022         339
   ..Cheyenne                                                  23         37               (B)          --
   ..Kickapoo                                                  32         54               (B)          --
   ..Ojibwa                                                    15         25               (B)          --
   ..Athapascan                                                36         60               (B)          --
   ..Crow                                                      74        105                74        105
   ..Dakota                                                10,600        918              934         275
   ..Winnebago                                                 11         19               (B)          --
   ..Choctaw                                                   10         14               (B)          --
   ..Oneida                                                    24         35               (B)          --
   ..Arikara                                                   45         66               (B)          --
   ..Zuni                                                      31         42               (B)          --
   ..American Indian                                          557        271                14         19
 .Hungarian                                                    43         42                10         17
 .Arabic                                                      269        186              203         180
 .Hebrew                                                       49         73                10         20
 .African languages                                         1,214        698              744         509
   ..Amharic                                                  804        691              507         466
   ..Cushite                                                  264        286              203         228
   ..Sudanic                                                    8         13                 8         13
   ..Nilotic                                                    8         14               (B)          --
   ..Swahili                                                    2          5               (B)          --
   ..Bantu                                                     54         63                26         45
   ..African                                                   74         92               (B)          --
 .Other and unspecified languages                             156        102                15         17
   ..Finnish                                                   33         30                11         13
   ..Estonian                                                  22         36               (B)          --




                                                    SD
                                          Page: 182 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..   Mayan languages                                                              4                   10                   4                  10
    ..   Uncodable                                                                  97                    87                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        SD
                                                              Page: 183 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 45. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Tennessee:
2006-2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                      5,736,382              993          147,596             3,609
Spoke only English at home                                         5,407,992            5,543               (X)               (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                          328,390            5,491          147,596             3,609


Spoke a language other than English at home                          328,390            5,491          147,596             3,609

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                           183,068            4,005            96,334            2,596
   ..Spanish                                                         183,068            4,005            96,334            2,596

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                         68,760            3,912            16,758            1,442
 .French                                                              12,935            1,150             3,421              576
    ..French                                                          12,818            1,128             3,421              576
    ..Patois                                                              57               67                (B)               --
    ..Cajun                                                               60               80                (B)               --
 .French Creole                                                        1,147              500               257              165
 .Italian                                                              2,764              593               582              248
 .Portuguese                                                           1,885              675               523              275
    ..Portuguese                                                       1,872              676               523              275
    ..Papia Mentae                                                        13               22                (B)               --
 .German                                                              13,804            1,178             2,507              427
    ..German                                                          13,788            1,174             2,507              427
    ..Luxembourgian                                                       16               27                (B)               --
 .Yiddish                                                                131              113                 29              47
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        2,853              726               417              256
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                 741              462               265              217
    ..Dutch                                                            1,689              608               134              142
    ..Afrikaans                                                          423              320                 18              31
 .Scandinavian languages                                               1,184              403                 87              62
    ..Swedish                                                            815              343                 64              61
    ..Danish                                                             129              106                 23              40
    ..Norwegian                                                          219              174                (B)               --
    ..Icelandic                                                           21               35                (B)               --
 .Greek                                                                  881              315               194              130
 .Russian                                                              4,241              858             1,285              376
 .Polish                                                               1,255              404               398              292
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             2,900            1,042               914              429
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    2,198              985               557              362
    ..Croatian                                                           375              257               203              179
    ..Serbian                                                            327              212               154              137
 .Other Slavic languages                                               1,870              640               692              296
    ..Ukrainian                                                        1,046              608               457              297
    ..Czech                                                              404              198               103               76
    ..Slovak                                                              67               77                 43              71
    ..Bulgarian                                                          334              264                 89             105
    ..Slovene                                                             19               32                (B)               --
 .Armenian                                                               290              218               111              109
 .Persian                                                              2,295              834               797              351
 .Hindi                                                                5,095            1,049               772              413
 .Gujarati                                                             3,018              896               917              350
 .Urdu                                                                 1,186              478               259              152
 .Other Indic languages                                                3,288              889               672              323




                                                               TN
                                                     Page: 184 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
             2
   ..India n.e.c.                                     1,248         662              335         249
   ..Bengali                                          1,128         472              135         107
   ..Panjabi                                            165         138                34         42
   ..Marathi                                            456         234                65         64
   ..Nepali                                             237         219              103         160
   ..Sindhi                                              28          48               (B)          --
   ..Sinhalese                                           14          24               (B)          --
   ..Romany                                              12          20               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                       5,738       1,432           1,924          700
   ..Jamaican Creole                                     95          80                20         33
   ..Krio                                                22          36                22         36
   ..Pidgin                                              15          21               (B)          --
   ..Catalonian                                          25          42               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                         1,527         707              597         340
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       324         196                59         96
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      15          25               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                           299         374              275         361
   ..Lithuanian                                         234         199                45         58
   ..Lettish                                             46          55               (B)          --
   ..Kurdish                                          3,136       1,244              906         391

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                    52,346      2,183           24,904       1,651
 .Chinese                                             11,729      1,593            6,210       1,067
    ..Chinese                                          9,133      1,345            5,010         969
    ..Cantonese                                          665        354              431         249
    ..Mandarin                                         1,355        504              610         295
    ..Formosan                                           576        292              159         107
 .Japanese                                             4,138        775            2,089         467
 .Korean                                               7,505      1,131            4,292         851
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                 2,235        839            1,459         555
 .Hmong                                                  394        307              161         134
 .Thai                                                 1,319        463              421         249
 .Laotian                                              6,507      1,463            3,400         854
 .Vietnamese                                           7,289      1,407            3,753         942
 .Other Asian languages                                4,766        821            1,409         418
    ..Turkish                                          1,011        505              487         281
    ..Turkmen                                             14         23                14         23
    ..Dravidian                                           62        101                29         48
    ..Telugu                                           1,421        465              348         206
    ..Kannada                                            307        194                88        136
    ..Malayalam                                          854        337              238         153
    ..Tamil                                            1,031        423              205         155
    ..Burmese                                             22         38               (B)          --
    ..Paleo-siberian                                      44         32               (B)          --
 .Tagalog                                              4,667        822            1,032         318
 .Other Pacific Island languages                       1,797        486              678         297
    ..Indonesian                                         214        124               (B)          --
    ..Malay                                               92         85                40         65
    ..Bisayan                                            295        206              117         117
    ..Sebuano                                            127        114                86        100
    ..Ilocano                                             32         51               (B)          --
    ..Bikol                                               50         84                50         84
    ..Pampangan                                           11         19               (B)          --
    ..Micronesian                                        214        246              150         172
    ..Chamorro                                           175         95                60         73




                                               TN
                                     Page: 185 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
    ..Palau                                                                           7                   12                 (B)                   --
    ..Samoan                                                                       558                   218                175                   82
    ..Hawaiian                                                                      22                    46                 (B)                   --

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                                               24,216                3,080               9,600               2,046
 .Navajo                                                                              62                   75                   22                 38
 .Other Native North American languages                                              984                  363                 149                  98
   ..Delaware                                                                         16                   27                  (B)                  --
   ..Okanogan                                                                         58                   97                  (B)                  --
   ..Dakota                                                                          132                  132                   12                 19
   ..Choctaw                                                                         249                  175                   90                 76
   ..Keres                                                                            13                   21                  (B)                  --
   ..Cherokee                                                                        420                  239                   28                 39
   ..Zuni                                                                             21                   32                  (B)                  --
   ..American Indian                                                                  75                   65                   19                 34
 .Hungarian                                                                          494                  230                 121                  97
 .Arabic                                                                          10,264                1,918               4,231               1,239
 .Hebrew                                                                             991                  477                 143                 132
 .African languages                                                                9,991                1,936               4,200               1,403
   ..Amharic                                                                       1,877                  788               1,129                 593
   ..Cushite                                                                       1,884                  687               1,174                 497
   ..Sudanic                                                                         707                  537                 308                 310
   ..Nilotic                                                                         542                  502                 151                 170
   ..Swahili                                                                       1,129                  450                 323                 321
   ..Bantu                                                                         1,086                  841                 766                 755
   ..Mande                                                                           309                  408                   89                 93
   ..Fulani                                                                          329                  277                   51                 83
   ..Gur                                                                             128                  213                   15                 25
   ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                              1,633                  584                 136                  80
   ..Efik                                                                            265                  180                   30                 50
   ..African                                                                         102                  126                   28                 36
 .Other and unspecified languages                                                  1,430                  804                 734                 530
   ..Finnish                                                                         130                   92                   19                 33
   ..Estonian                                                                        163                  196                 147                 189
   ..Caucasian                                                                        79                  116                   15                 27
   ..Syriac                                                                          567                  629                 162                 268
   ..Aztecan                                                                          18                   30                  (B)                  --
   ..Mayan languages                                                                 101                  160                 101                 160
   ..Tarascan                                                                        290                  347                 290                 347
   ..Uncodable                                                                        82                   72                  (B)                  --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        TN
                                                              Page: 186 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 46. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Texas: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                 Number of           Margin of         less than        Margin of
                                                                                              1                                 1
                                                                  speakers               Error       "Very Well"           Error

 .Population 5 years and over                                     21,869,156            1,505         3,181,044           20,281
Spoke only English at home                                        14,500,388           21,059                (X)              (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                        7,368,768           21,161         3,181,044           20,281


Spoke a language other than English at home                        7,368,768           21,161         3,181,044           20,281

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                         6,338,224           19,228         2,817,218           18,753
   ..Spanish                                                       6,338,224           19,228         2,817,218           18,753

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                        413,977            8,655          100,160             3,963
 .French                                                              57,283            2,956            9,273               849
    ..French                                                          55,723            2,900            9,114               837
    ..Patois                                                             852              411              116               119
    ..Cajun                                                              708              221                43               46
 .French Creole                                                        4,393            1,043            1,109               532
 .Italian                                                             12,467            1,515            2,552               662
 .Portuguese                                                          14,688            1,858            4,689             1,115
    ..Portuguese                                                      14,662            1,859            4,689             1,115
    ..Papia Mentae                                                        26               43               (B)                --
 .German                                                              73,455            3,074           12,836             1,184
    ..German                                                          73,455            3,074           12,836             1,184
 .Yiddish                                                                746              391              192               174
 .Other West Germanic languages                                        7,691            1,137              654               281
    ..Pennsylvania Dutch                                                  78              131                78              131
    ..Dutch                                                            5,729              967              385               214
    ..Afrikaans                                                        1,884              659              191               133
 .Scandinavian languages                                               5,351              802              717               283
    ..Swedish                                                          1,690              369              262               159
    ..Danish                                                           1,376              465                87               72
    ..Norwegian                                                        2,050              562              368               230
    ..Icelandic                                                          235              126               (B)                --
 .Greek                                                                6,470            1,071            1,303               386
 .Russian                                                             14,934            1,235            5,911               809
 .Polish                                                               8,623            1,322            2,120               503
 .Serbo-Croatian languages                                             8,835            1,855            3,429               942
    ..Serbocroatian                                                    5,730            1,601            2,542               885
    ..Croatian                                                         1,565              722              305               246
    ..Serbian                                                          1,540              649              582               319
 .Other Slavic languages                                              12,787            1,452            2,492               541
    ..Bielorussian                                                        18               28               (B)                --
    ..Ukrainian                                                        1,157              417              206               161
    ..Czech                                                            8,748              853            1,331               323
    ..Lusatian                                                            73              113                73              113
    ..Slovak                                                             702              462              154               150
    ..Bulgarian                                                        1,768              981              634               367
    ..Macedonian                                                         282              236                94              152
    ..Slovene                                                             39               47               (B)                --
 .Armenian                                                             1,206              432              347               224
 .Persian                                                             21,626            2,404            8,395             1,247
 .Hindi                                                               42,238            3,399            8,616             1,239
 .Gujarati                                                            23,326            2,607            7,436             1,276




                                                               TX
                                                     Page: 187 of Pages: 220
                                                                           Spoke English
                                                  Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                       1                            1
                                                   speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
 .Urdu                                               49,176       4,365          13,725        1,630
 .Other Indic languages                              35,282       3,103          10,904        1,450
   ..India n.e.c. 2                                   4,880       1,155           1,832          614
   ..Bengali                                         10,852       1,754           3,712          811
   ..Panjabi                                          6,845       1,455           2,445          822
   ..Marathi                                          3,144         615              113          77
   ..Oriya                                              468         257              102          96
   ..Assamese                                           146         133                29         47
   ..Kashmiri                                             3            6              (B)          --
   ..Nepali                                           4,316       1,084           1,355          491
   ..Sindhi                                             907         485              239         152
   ..Pakistan n.e.c. 2                                2,206       1,183              666         527
   ..Sinhalese                                        1,181         479              411         230
   ..Romany                                             334         274               (B)          --
 .Other Indo-European languages                      13,400       2,026           3,460          874
   ..Jamaican Creole                                    466         468                28         48
   ..Krio                                               161         151                38         63
   ..Pidgin                                             224         185                18         29
   ..Catalonian                                          37          62               (B)          --
   ..Romanian                                         5,799       1,386           1,514          454
   ..Welsh                                               47          52               (B)          --
   ..Irish Gaelic                                       664         263                65         75
   ..Scottic Gaelic                                      16          26               (B)          --
   ..Albanian                                         3,776       1,351           1,255          597
   ..Lithuanian                                         599         308                99         95
   ..Lettish                                            347         149                41         48
   ..Pashto                                             409         310                90         72
   ..Kurdish                                            625         459              312         304
   ..Balochi                                            230         376               (B)          --

ASIAN AND PACIFIC ISLAND LANGUAGES                  493,497       7,130          232,034       5,171
 .Chinese                                           114,309       3,929           56,376       2,756
    ..Chinese                                        83,298       4,143           41,550       2,822
    ..Hakka                                              35          45               (B)          --
    ..Cantonese                                       9,055       1,571            4,374         917
    ..Mandarin                                       16,273       1,908            7,285       1,054
    ..Formosan                                        5,595         976            3,140         620
    ..Wu                                                 53          87                27         44
 .Japanese                                           13,595       1,335            5,445         777
 .Korean                                             49,123       2,957           26,951       1,754
 .Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                                8,699       1,641            4,211         833
 .Hmong                                                 624         392              264         174
 .Thai                                               10,756       1,498            5,661         958
 .Laotian                                            11,851       1,942            6,728       1,276
 .Vietnamese                                        160,434       5,855           93,200       4,110
 .Other Asian languages                              53,806       3,704           13,971       1,962
    ..Kazakh                                            130         136                18         29
    ..Kirghiz                                            14          25               (B)          --
    ..Karachay                                           80          80                38         63
    ..Uighur                                             66          79               (B)          --
    ..Azerabaijani                                       38          44               (B)          --
    ..Turkish                                         4,950       1,098            1,517         621
    ..Turkmen                                             4           6               (B)          --
    ..Mongolian                                          72          63                61         60
    ..Dravidian                                         206         187                30         50




                                               TX
                                     Page: 188 of Pages: 220
                                                                                Spoke English
                                                       Number of    Margin of       less than    Margin of
                                                                            1                            1
                                                        speakers       Error      "Very Well"       Error
   ..Telugu                                               17,020       2,006           4,032          968
   ..Kannada                                               3,237         919              451         237
   ..Malayalam                                            15,871       1,767           4,776          831
   ..Tamil                                                10,105       1,420           1,455          592
   ..Burmese                                               1,725         963           1,321          890
   ..Karen                                                   288         309              272         287
 .Tagalog                                                 57,427       3,520          15,885        1,945
 .Other Pacific Island languages                          12,873       1,578           3,342          840
   ..Indonesian                                            3,505         886           1,353          473
   ..Balinese                                                 37          60               (B)          --
   ..Malay                                                 1,427         508              250         133
   ..Bisayan                                               1,116         374              213         122
   ..Sebuano                                                 542         202              131         105
   ..Pangasinan                                              101         166                54         89
   ..Ilocano                                                 426         335              216         207
   ..Bikol                                                    80          80                17         27
   ..Pampangan                                                90          61                14         23
   ..Micronesian                                              34         109                29        108
   ..Chamorro                                              1,748         617                56         60
   ..Kusaiean                                                 86         110               (B)          --
   ..Marshallese                                              95         114               (B)          --
   ..Palau                                                   564         545              239         260
   ..Ponapean                                                 17          30                17         30
   ..Trukese                                                 199         260                24         42
   ..Yapese                                                  108         143                23         41
   ..Samoan                                                  683         325                63         79
   ..Tongan                                                1,578         762              582         377
   ..Fijian                                                   19          31                19         31
   ..Hawaiian                                                418         250                42         56

ALL OTHER LANGUAGES                                      123,070       5,218           31,632       2,550
 .Navajo                                                     631         221              155         122
 .Other Native North American languages                    3,452         565              698         199
   ..Cheyenne                                                 44          62               (B)          --
   ..Kickapoo                                                648         168              389         146
   ..Menomini                                                 21          34               (B)          --
   ..Potawatomi                                               15          23               (B)          --
   ..Salish                                                   22          37               (B)          --
   ..Okanogan                                                 12          21               (B)          --
   ..Kuchin                                                   52          85               (B)          --
   ..Apache                                                  244         169                22         36
   ..Kiowa                                                    96         112               (B)          --
   ..Santiam                                                  50          81               (B)          --
   ..Sahaptian                                                15          25               (B)          --
   ..Pomo                                                     56          94               (B)          --
   ..Yuma                                                     19          32               (B)          --
   ..Dakota                                                  130         103                16         26
   ..Alabama                                                 131          92                16         23
   ..Choctaw                                                 231         126               (B)          --
   ..Koasati                                                  30          37                 4          8
   ..Muskogee                                                180         140                71         77
   ..Keres                                                    88          85                49         58
   ..Mohawk                                                    3           6                 3          6
   ..Cherokee                                                961         430                82         65
   ..Comanche                                                 17          30               (B)          --




                                                    TX
                                          Page: 189 of Pages: 220
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of             Margin of         less than             Margin of
                                                                                                            1                                       1
                                                                               speakers                Error        "Very Well"                Error
     .. Hopi                                                                         49                   82                 (B)                   --
     .. Pima                                                                         14                   23                 (B)                   --
      ..Tiwa                                                                         36                   33                 (B)                   --
      ..American Indian                                                             267                  168                  46                  79
      ..Jicarilla                                                                     1                     3                (B)                   --
      ..Chiricahua                                                                   20                   35                 (B)                   --
    .Hungarian                                                                    1,925                  601                456                  226
    .Arabic                                                                      45,461                3,576            13,569                 1,911
    .Hebrew                                                                       5,949                  867             1,015                   373
    .African languages                                                           64,081                3,930            15,223                 1,915
      ..Amharic                                                                  12,005                1,844             5,217                 1,280
      ..Berber                                                                      106                  116                 (B)                   --
      ..Chadic                                                                      400                  502                  13                  22
      ..Cushite                                                                   3,060                1,074             1,626                   634
      ..Sudanic                                                                      35                   40                  14                  21
      ..Nilotic                                                                     136                  153                 (B)                   --
      ..Nilo-hamitic                                                                 84                   95                  84                  95
      ..Nubian                                                                       34                   56                  34                  56
      ..Swahili                                                                   8,950                1,524             1,714                   707
      ..Bantu                                                                     4,155                1,283             1,086                   676
      ..Mande                                                                       967                  559                205                  176
      ..Fulani                                                                      852                  611                 (B)                   --
      ..Kru, Ibo, Yoruba                                                         31,878                3,185             4,923                   872
      ..Efik                                                                        739                  344                103                   92
      ..African                                                                     680                  259                204                  144
    .Other and unspecified languages                                              1,571                  458                516                  278
      ..Finnish                                                                     679                  249                  35                  58
      ..Estonian                                                                     29                   35                 (B)                   --
      ..Lapp                                                                         18                   30                 (B)                   --
      ..Caucasian                                                                   145                  180                  35                  42
      ..Basque                                                                       20                   33                 (B)                   --
      ..Syriac                                                                      252                  213                112                  146
      ..Aztecan                                                                     118                   74                113                   72
      ..Misumalpan                                                                  127                  201                127                  201
      ..Mayan languages                                                             111                   91                  78                  67
      ..Tarascan                                                                     16                   26                  16                  26
      ..Arawakian                                                                    28                   46                 (B)                   --
      ..Uncodable                                                                    28                   43                 (B)                   --

1
   Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is
represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted
roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of
error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to
nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these
tables.
2
    N.E.C. stands for not elsewhere classified. These are languages where respondents indicated they spoke either INDIAN or PAKISTAN. For Indian,
it cannot be determined if the respondent spoke a native American language or spoke a language from India. For Pakistan, respondents wrote in
Pakistan but it cannot be determined which one of the languages spoken in Pakistan is actually being spoken. To distinguish these languages, n.e.c.
is used to indicated they are not classified in any other language code.
An ‘(B)’ entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an
An’(X)’ entry in any column indicates that the question does not apply.
An’--‘ entry in the margin of error column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute a
standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey




                                                                        TX
                                                              Page: 190 of Pages: 220
table with column headers in row 4 and row headers in column A
Table 47. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over for Utah: 2006-
2008
Release Date: April, 2010
                                                                                                                  Spoke English
                                                                              Number of            Margin of          less than             Margin of
                                                                               speakers              Error1         "Very Well"               Error1

      Population 5 years and over
       .                                                                      2,404,658                  636             140,456                4,465
Spoke only English at home                                                    2,069,123                6,946                  (X)                  (X)
Spoke a language other than English at home                                     335,535                6,858             140,456                4,465


Spoke a language other than English at home                                     335,535                6,858             140,456                4,465

SPANISH AND SPANISH CREOLE                                                      218,126                4,552             105,073                3,758
          ..Spanish                                                             218,126                4,552             105,073                3,758

OTHER INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES                                                    51,950                3,315              10,824                1,352
    .French                                                                       8,376                1,113               1,198                  323
             ..French                                                             8,376                1,113               1,198                  323
    .French Creole                                                                  161                  125                  (B)                   --
    .Italian                                                                      3,213                  562                 492                  223
    .Portuguese                                                                   7,934                1,436               1,246                  469
             ..Portuguese                                                         7,934                1,436               1,246                  469
    .German                                                                       9,836                  871               1,230                  330
             ..German                                                             9,819                  870               1,230                  330
             ..Luxembourgian                                                          17                  29                  (B)                   --
    .Yiddish                                                                         (B)                   --                 (B)                   --
    .Other West Germanic languages                                                1,868                  355                 383                  161
             ..Dutch                                                              1,695                  323                 370                  153
             ..Afrikaans                                                            173                  149                   13                  21
    .Scandinavian languages