death by cuiliqing


Eddy Wiens, Chris Friesen,
 Jordan Screpnek, David
 Schroeder, Heather Booy
    Two principles that govern the Jewish
     approach to death and morning:

    1.   Kavod Ha-Met – Honoring the Dead
         - It is extremely important to treat the body with
           respect and care from the time of death until the
           burial is completed
    2.   Death is a natural process
          Role of the Rabbi
 Rabbinic Consultation
  - families should consult the Rabbi as
  soon as possible when death occurs
 Rabbinic Guidance
  - any questions regarding funeral
  arrangements and periods of mourning
  should be referred to the Rabbi
           Chevra Kadisha
 A holy society, or “burial society”
 Assists the bereaved families in arranging
  for the funeral according to halacha
 Define requirements of proper respect for
  a corpse, the ritual cleansing of the body,
  and subsequent dressing for burial
            Funeral Director
 Rabbi should be consulted on the
  acceptability of a funeral director.
 A funeral director (also known as a
  mortician or undertaker) is someone
  involved in the business of funeral rites.
  The job often entails the burial or
  cremation of the dead.
 It is important that the funeral director to
  follow Jewish customs and tradition
        Cemetery Societies
 In some communities, there may be
  Jewish cemetery societies that can be
  used in place of a funeral director.
 The Rabbi should also be consulted on the
  use of cemetery societies.
           When Death Occurs
   Jewish law requires that burial take place as
    soon as possible, preferably within 24 hours of
   Exceptions may be made for legal reasons such
    as transporting the deceased, close relatives
    having to travel a long distance to attend the
    funeral, or avoiding burial on Shabbat.
   Shmirah – body of the deceased must not be left
    alone prior to burial.
    Aninut: Time Between Death and
   Ritual cleansing (Taharah) in which
    the body is washed by specially
    trained groups of people called
    Hevra Kadisha or a Jewish funeral
    director in preparation for the burial.   Kipah
   Once the body is washed it is
    dressed in a plain linen cloth called
   Jewish male is buried wearing a
    kipah and his own talit (prayer
        K’riah (during Aninut)
 K’riah is the tearing of a visible portion of
  clothing, such as a pocket or collar, just
  prior to the funeral service.
 The torn garments are worn by mourners
  for parents, a spouse, children, or siblings
  who participate in the Shivah, which is a 7-
  day mourning period.
       Onen (during Aninut)
 Onen is an immediate family member of
  the deceased who is in mourning.
 They are exempt from the performance of
  all affirmative religious obligations
  between the time of death and the funeral,
  such as reciting the three daily services.
 The Onen is forbidden to drink wine, eat
  meat, or indulge in luxuries.
      The Funeral - Services
 The funeral service may be held in a
  synagogue, a funeral home, or at the
 Brief and simple
 Includes the chanting of Psalms, the ‘Eyl
  Malei Rahamim’ (the traditional memorial
  prayer), and a ‘hesped’ (eulogy) honoring
  the deceased.
                 The Casket
   Is a plain wooden coffin called an ‘Aran’.
   Used to avoid interference with the natural
    process of “returning to the earth”.
   Once the Taharah and dressing in Tachrichim
    has been completed, the casket remains closed.
   May be covered with a specially prepared cloth
    called a pall.
   Pallbearers stop seven times while carrying the
    casket to the grave.
   The casket is followed by mourners as a means
    of respect.
 Burial is called K’vurah.
 Casket is lowered into the ground and
  covered until a mound of dirt is formed.
 The Kaddish, which is recited at the
  graveside, is a prayer said in memory of
  the dead .
            The Funeral – Burial
   Jewish people bury the dead, and
    later gather the bones and place
    them in tombs or containers
    called Ossuaries.
   Practice of gathering bones is
    called Ossiligium or “Second
   Once the burial is complete,
    mourners wash their hands before
    entering the house of mourning.
              Mourning Period
   Initial period of mourning is called a ‘Shivah’.
   This is a 7-day period of intensive mourning
    observed by the immediate family, beginning on
    the day of the burial.
   Mourners are encouraged not to work or attend
   They are also encouraged to attend Shabbat
   During the Shivah mirrors in the homes are
    covered and a memorial candle is lit.
   Mourners do not wear leather shoes and males
    do not shave.
    Mourning Period (continued)
 The mourners recite the Kaddish everyday
  at the Shaharit, Minha, and Ma’ariv
 A minyan is required, which is the required
  amount of ten Jews required for public
    Mourning Period - Shloshim
 The first 30 days of mourning are called
 Mourners return to work and activities, yet
  are still withdrawn from public
  entertainment and social activities.
 The K’riah (torn garment), is usually worn
  during this period.
Yahrzeit – Anniversary of Death
   The Kaddish (prayer recited by
    mourners) is recited each year on
    the Hebrew calendar anniversary
    of death.
   It is customary to light a yahrzeit
    candle (lasts 24 hours), to study a
    portion of the Torah or Mishnah,
    and to donate tzedakah on the
                                          Yahrzeit candle
 The Yizkor are memorial prayers recited at
  synagogue services on the four Jewish
  holidays in remembrance of the deceased.
 Recited on Yom Kippur; Sh’mini Atzeret,
  and the second day of Shavuot.
        Theological Explanations
   Evidence for secondary burial is found in
    2 Samuel 21:13-14.
    “David brought the bones of Saul and his son Jonathan
    from there, and the bones of those who had been killed
    and exposed were gathered up. They buried the bones
    of Saul and his son Jonathan in the tomb of Saul’s father
    Kish, at Zela in Benjamin, and did everything the king
    commanded. After that, God answered prayer in behalf
    of the land.”
      Theological Explanations
 Jewish graves are marked
  with the name of the
 The Torah says that Jacob
  set up a maker for Rachel.
Genesis 35: 20 “Over her
  tomb, Jacob set up a pillar,
  and to this day that pillar
  marks Rachel’s tomb.”

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