VIEWS: 10 PAGES: 10 POSTED ON: 9/6/2012
In this chapter, the group presents the products, manufacturing process, plant size and production schedule, machinery and equipment, plant location and layout, building facilities and the raw material and supplies for the operation of “Biba Lavandera” laundry shop. A. Services Biba Lavandera will be providing customers with the following laundry services: Wash, Dry, Fold (WDF), Pressing, Hand Wash, and Dry Cleaning services. Wash, Dry,Fold or WDF is the most common sought service from a laundry shop. This service provides basic machine washing and drying; and folding for customers’ clothes, comforters, towels, curtains and seat covers with or without foam. This process is done with the aid of washing machines and dryers. Washing machines perform several rinses after the main wash to remove most of the detergent. Then, the clothing would be placed on a clothes dryer or tumble dryer that is used to remove moisture from a load of clothing and other textiles. Then, the clothes or garments would be manually folded and bagged for pick up for the customers. Pressing or Ironing or smoothing is the work of using a heated tool, or tools, such as an iron to remove wrinkles from fabric. Ironing works by loosening the bonds between the long-chain polymer molecules in the fibers of the material. While the molecules are hot, the fibers are straightened by the weight of the iron, and they hold their new shape as they cool. Some fabrics, such as cotton, require the addition of water to loosen the intermolecular bonds. Aside from this, ironing may also be used as a germ/parasite killing hygienic operation. Most ironing is done on an ironing board, a small, portable, foldable table with a heat resistant top. Some commercial-grade ironing boards incorporate a heating element and a pedal-operated vacuum to pull air through the board and dry the garment. But technology has paved its way in improving the traditional iron to steam irons which allow pressing without an ironing board. Hand Washing is the traditional manual cleaning of clothes. Some delicate clothing pieces require gentle cleansing, thus the need for hand washing service. The laundry worker would wash the specified clothing one by one by hand and bar soap and the clothing would also be air-dryed before it could be folded. Dry Cleaning is a cleaning process for clothing and textiles using an organic solvent rather than water. The solvent used is typically tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene), abbreviated "perc" in the industry and "dry-cleaning fluid" by the public. Dry cleaning is necessary for cleaning items which would otherwise be damaged by water and soap or detergent. The cleaning process of dry cleaning is more time consuming compared to the usual wash, dry, fold process, but there are clothing that requires such service like gowns and barongs, coats, suits, dresses, jackets, caps and neckties. The international GINETEX laundry symbol for dry cleaning is a circle. It may have a letter P inside to indicate perchloroethylene solvent, or a letter F inside to indicate a hydrocarbon solvent. A bar underneath the circle indicates that only mild cleaning processes should be used. A crossed out empty circle indicates that no dry cleaning is permitted B. Manufacturing Process There are different processes involved in a laundry business depending on the specified service ordered by the customer and the service required with the type of garment or fabric. We also have the International Washing Symbols to refer to in washing the clothes to assure the customers that their clothing is handled in the best way by a customer-satisfaction oriented business. INITIAL PROCESS IN ACQUISITION OF GARMENTS Segregation of Garments according to Category or Washing Requirement Weighing and Pricing of Clothes according to Category Tagging of Clothes for Identification and Inspection for any Tear, Loose Thread,Missing Buttons and the like. Proceed to Services Ordered Preparation of Clothes for Pick-Up Wash Dry Fold Service Per 10 Kilo Wash Load For Thin Garments including For Thick Garments such as Bed Sheets, Curtains, Towels and Blankets and Comforters. Seat Covers with or without Foam Pressing Service Hand Washing Process On the third rinsing Clothes are either air- Clothes are inspected procedure, clothes dryed or tumble dried for Washing would be soaked and in minimum time Requirement Symbol rinse in cold water with according to the fabric Fabric Conditioner requirement Clothes are initially soaked and rinse in luke Clothes are soaked and Clothes are segregated warm water to loosen rinse in cold water for and folded according to up the fabric for easy rinsing twice tag identification cleaning Clothes are soaked in Clothes are hand luke warm water with Clothes are bagged for washed with bar soap detergent for about 8 pick up. and bleach (if needed) minutes DRY CLEANING PROCESS Pre-treatment of Stains Segragation of Clothes to make removal easier Preparation of Clothes for according to Tag and more complete Pick-Up Identification Clothes are put into a dry cleaning machine and is Folding or hanging of Dry cleaned with solvent. Cleaned Clothes *approximately 8 minutes per cycle Pressing of CLothes Quality Control or Post- according to Fabric Spotting of Stains Requirement C. Plant Size and Production Schedule D. Machinery and Equipment Machineries 2 Whilpool Topload Washers Model : 4PWTW5905 Features: 27”Super Capacity Plus 10.5 Kg. Dry Linen Capacity Fully Automatic Washer with Silver Panel Exta Roll Action Agitator MagiClean Lint Filter Polypropylene Outer Tub Direct Drive System Extra Rinse Option Self Balancing Basket and Tub Rat-Proof Base Tripod Suspension System Specicifations: MODEL 4PWTW5905 LOAD CAPACITY 10.5 Kgs. WASHER TYPE Top Load SPIN CAPACITY 10.5 Kgs. SPIN SPEED 650 rpm NO. OF WASH PROGRAMS 9 cycles SoakWash FUNCTIONS No EXTRA RINSE Yes TURBO PERFORMANCE No WATER USAGE per WASH 87 Liters AGITATOR Yes CONTROL TYPE Push Button / Knob WASH WATTAGE 880W COLOR Biscuit/White NET DIMENSIONS (h:w:d) in inches 42.5 X 27 X 26.5 POWER SOURCE 220V / 60Hz NET WEIGHT 72 Kgs. GROSS WEIGHT 78 Kgs.
Pages to are hidden for
"laundry reasearch"Please download to view full document