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laundry reasearch

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					In this chapter, the group presents the products, manufacturing process, plant size and production schedule, machinery and
equipment, plant location and layout, building facilities and the raw material and supplies for the operation of “Biba Lavandera”
laundry shop.
A.          Services
            Biba Lavandera will be providing customers with the following laundry services: Wash, Dry, Fold (WDF), Pressing,
Hand Wash, and Dry Cleaning services.
            Wash, Dry,Fold or WDF is the most common sought service from a laundry shop. This service provides basic machine
washing and drying; and folding for customers’ clothes, comforters, towels, curtains and seat covers with or without foam. This
process is done with the aid of           washing machines and dryers. Washing machines perform several rinses after the main
wash to remove most of the detergent. Then, the clothing would be placed on a clothes dryer or tumble dryer that is used to
remove moisture from a load of clothing and other textiles. Then, the clothes or garments would be manually folded and bagged
for pick up for the customers.
            Pressing or Ironing or smoothing is the work of using a heated tool, or tools, such as an iron to remove wrinkles from
fabric. Ironing works by loosening the bonds between the long-chain polymer molecules in the fibers of the material. While the
molecules are hot, the fibers are straightened by the weight of the iron, and they hold their new shape as they cool. Some fabrics,
such as cotton, require the addition of water to loosen the intermolecular bonds. Aside from this, ironing may also be used as a
germ/parasite killing hygienic operation. Most ironing is done on an ironing board, a small, portable, foldable table with a heat
resistant top. Some commercial-grade ironing boards incorporate a heating element and a pedal-operated vacuum to pull air
through the board and dry the garment. But technology has paved its way in improving the traditional iron to steam irons which
allow pressing without an ironing board.
Hand Washing is the traditional manual cleaning of clothes. Some delicate clothing pieces require gentle cleansing, thus the need
for hand washing service. The laundry worker would wash the specified clothing one by one by hand and bar soap and the
clothing would also be air-dryed before it could be folded.
            Dry Cleaning is a cleaning process for clothing and textiles using an organic solvent rather than water. The solvent used
is typically tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene), abbreviated "perc" in the industry and "dry-cleaning fluid" by the public. Dry
cleaning is necessary for cleaning items which would otherwise be damaged by water and soap or detergent. The cleaning
process of dry cleaning is more time consuming compared to the usual wash, dry, fold process, but there are clothing that requires
such service like gowns and barongs, coats, suits, dresses, jackets, caps and neckties. The international GINETEX laundry
symbol for dry cleaning is a circle. It may have a letter P inside to indicate perchloroethylene solvent, or a letter F inside to
indicate a hydrocarbon solvent. A bar underneath the circle indicates that only mild cleaning processes should be used. A crossed
out empty circle indicates that no dry cleaning is permitted


B. Manufacturing Process
            There are different processes involved in a laundry business depending on the specified service ordered by the
customer and the service required with the type of garment or fabric. We also have the International Washing Symbols to refer to
in washing the clothes to assure the customers that their clothing is handled in the best way by a customer-satisfaction oriented
business.
                  INITIAL PROCESS IN ACQUISITION OF       GARMENTS




Segregation of Garments according to Category or
Washing Requirement



     Weighing and Pricing of Clothes according to Category



          Tagging of Clothes for Identification and Inspection for any
          Tear, Loose Thread,Missing Buttons and the like.



               Proceed to Services Ordered




                     Preparation of Clothes for Pick-Up




                  Wash Dry Fold Service Per 10 Kilo Wash Load




       For Thin Garments including                         For Thick Garments such as
      Bed Sheets, Curtains, Towels and                       Blankets and Comforters.
       Seat Covers with or without Foam
                                  Pressing Service




                           Hand Washing Process



                             On the third rinsing     Clothes are either air-
 Clothes are inspected        procedure, clothes      dryed or tumble dried
      for Washing           would be soaked and         in minimum time
 Requirement Symbol        rinse in cold water with   according to the fabric
                              Fabric Conditioner           requirement


  Clothes are initially
soaked and rinse in luke    Clothes are soaked and    Clothes are segregated
 warm water to loosen       rinse in cold water for   and folded according to
 up the fabric for easy          rinsing twice           tag identification
       cleaning



  Clothes are soaked in
                              Clothes are hand
 luke warm water with                                 Clothes are bagged for
                            washed with bar soap
 detergent for about 8                                       pick up.
                            and bleach (if needed)
        minutes
                                         DRY CLEANING PROCESS




  Pre-treatment of Stains
                                            Segragation of Clothes
  to make removal easier                                                 Preparation of Clothes for
                                               according to Tag
    and more complete                                                             Pick-Up
                                                Identification




 Clothes are put into a dry
  cleaning machine and is
                                           Folding or hanging of Dry
   cleaned with solvent.
                                               Cleaned Clothes
 *approximately 8 minutes
         per cycle




                                              Pressing of CLothes
  Quality Control or Post-
                                              according to Fabric
    Spotting of Stains
                                                 Requirement




C. Plant Size and Production Schedule
D. Machinery and Equipment


       Machineries

       2 Whilpool Topload Washers Model : 4PWTW5905


                Features:
                             27”Super Capacity Plus
                             10.5 Kg. Dry Linen Capacity
                             Fully Automatic Washer with Silver Panel
                             Exta Roll Action Agitator
                             MagiClean Lint Filter
                             Polypropylene Outer Tub
                             Direct Drive System
                             Extra Rinse Option
                             Self Balancing Basket and Tub
           Rat-Proof Base
           Tripod Suspension System


Specicifations:
           MODEL                              4PWTW5905
           LOAD CAPACITY                      10.5 Kgs.
           WASHER TYPE                        Top Load
           SPIN CAPACITY                      10.5 Kgs.
           SPIN SPEED                         650 rpm
           NO. OF WASH PROGRAMS               9 cycles
           SoakWash FUNCTIONS                 No
           EXTRA RINSE                        Yes
           TURBO PERFORMANCE                  No
           WATER USAGE per WASH               87 Liters
           AGITATOR                           Yes
           CONTROL TYPE                       Push Button / Knob
           WASH WATTAGE                       880W
           COLOR                              Biscuit/White
           NET DIMENSIONS (h:w:d) in inches   42.5 X 27 X 26.5
           POWER SOURCE                       220V / 60Hz
           NET WEIGHT                         72 Kgs.
           GROSS WEIGHT                       78 Kgs.

				
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